500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human

  • View
    24

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human. How much do each of their brains weigh?. Gorilla’s Brain = 1 pound. Human’s Brain = 3 pounds. Brain to Body Ratio 1:500. Brain to Body Ratio 3:150. If the human brain were of the same ratio as the gorilla’s, our brain would only weigh 5 ounces!. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of 500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human

  • West Educational Publishing500 pound gorilla vs. 150 pound human

  • West Educational PublishingHow much do each of their brains weigh?

  • West Educational PublishingGorillas Brain =1 pound

    Humans Brain = 3 pounds

  • West Educational PublishingBrain to Body Ratio1:500Brain to Body Ratio3:150If the human brain were of the same ratio as the gorillas, our brain would only weigh 5 ounces!

  • West Educational PublishingIts an amazing 3 pound mass that separates us from all other animals!If you were to compare humans to other animals in any other area (strength, endurance, vision, hearing, and so on) humans would seem less remarkable.

  • West Educational PublishingOBJECTIVES: List consequences that can occur if the frontal lobe is damaged. Discover how verbal tasks interfere with right-handed motor skills results of the Kinsbourne & Cook study (1971) Describe condition known as agnosia. Identify which parts of the brain were activated while viewing a video clip.

  • West Educational PublishingTemporal Lobe Hearing Demonstration(Humming the Star Spangled Banner)

  • West Educational PublishingFRONTAL LOBECORE OF THE PERSONALITY

  • West Educational PublishingFRONTAL LOBEIf damaged, heres a likely list of consequences:Inappropriate emotionsSocially unacceptable behaviors (usually meaning fewer inhibitions)Inability to make long-range plansEasily distractedDifficulty integrating facts

  • West Educational PublishingFRONTAL LOBEExample of a person with frontal lobe damage:He/she goes into the bedroom to make the bed, becomes distracted by the wallpaper, which he/she decides need to be changed, and rips it down!

  • West Educational PublishingHemisphere Dominance Demonstration

  • West Educational PublishingKinsbourne & Cook Study - 1971Subjects completed a verbal task while balancing a wooden rod on either the left or the right finger. Subjects were able to balance the rod longer on their left finger than on their right. Apparently, a verbal task (left-hemisphere skill) interferes with a right-handed motor skill (a left-hemisphere motor-strip task).

  • West Educational PublishingImagine gazing at a running shoe, taking in the laces and the color of the stripes, drawing the shoe on a big piece of paper with crayons, yet not being able to identify the object as a shoe

  • West Educational PublishingAGNOSIA.AKA: Mindblindness- Results from brain injury

  • West Educational PublishingIf a person with agnosia is able to feel the object (however), he/she can then name the object without hesitation.Several senses need to be stimulated in order for a whole picture to develop. Some people develop facial agnosia, where they may not be able to identify their own family members until they hear their voices.

  • West Educational PublishingOBJECTIVES: Describe what the Brocas area is and results if the area is damaged. Discover which of your motor strips is dominant. Describe the Mozart effect. Name/list famous left-handed people. Describe what split brain is & how it affects a person with a split brain.. Discover how to utilize both sides of the brain while taking notes.

  • West Educational PublishingBrocas AreaWernickes Area

  • West Educational PublishingQuestion:If both a woman and a man have a stroke that damages this area (Brocas area), who is more likely to recover?

  • West Educational PublishingQuestion:If both a woman and a man have a stroke that damages this area (Brocas area), who is more likely to recover?Brain imaging techniques reveal that many women process speech and language in both hemispheres, so a woman is much more likely to recover her verbal skills.

  • West Educational PublishingWERNICKES area is located in the left temporal lobe and is involved in the process of understanding (processing) words we hear spoken.

  • West Educational PublishingExploration Motor Strip DominanceMake tallies under these categories:

    Left Right No Preference

    when I ask you the following questions. (Go with what comes first/naturally.)

  • West Educational PublishingExploration Motor Strip DominanceWhich hand do you write with?Which hand holds scissors?Which hand holds a hammer?Which arm goes first into a jacket?Which arm goes into the loop of a backpack/book bag first?Which hand is on top when you clap?Which hand deals out cards?Which foot kicks a ball?

  • West Educational Publishing

  • West Educational PublishingTom CruiseDavid Archuleta&&Kasey Kahne

  • West Educational PublishingIn 1998, Governor Zell Miller of Georgia made sure every baby born in his state received an audiotape with classical music on it.

    A number of studies have show the positive effects music can have on the brain and this was one attempt at applying some of these findings.

  • West Educational PublishingTHE MOZART EFFECTStudy done at the University of California at Irvine.

    Researchers found that listening to Mozart prior to completing a spatial task improved spatial reasoning.

  • West Educational PublishingSPLIT BRAINDavid McNeil (@University of Chicago)Left-Hemisphere seems to specialize in linguistic coding: Syntax & GrammarRight-Hemisphere seems to specialize in imagery, which may be reflected through gestures.During discourse, its common for split-brain patients to speak, pause, then gesture, then resume speaking again.CONCLUSION: BOTH HEMISPHERES ARE INVOLVED IN LANGUAGE.

  • West Educational PublishingSPLIT BRAIN Story ProblemSplit-Brain Sam is blind-folded. With his LEFT hand, he picks up a bell. He feels it He rings it. He knows its a bell.

    Would he be able to SAY it is a bell?

  • West Educational PublishingSPLIT BRAIN Story Problem (Answer)Since he CAN HEAR it, since BOTH EARS hear the bell, both hemispheres also hear it, and the talking left-hemisphere would be able to say, Its a bell.

    HOWEVER, if he just picked it up and did NOT ring it, Split-Brain Sam probably would NOT be able to verbalize that the object name is bell.

  • West Educational PublishingKent State (Front Campus)

  • West Educational PublishingKent State (Front Campus)HIPPOCAMPUS = MEMORIES

  • West Educational Publishing

  • West Educational PublishingThe brain is remarkable in what it can do. This lecture will show that the brain plays an important part in everything we think and do.Brain, Body and BehaviorCHAPTER 3EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe brain is remarkable in what it can do. This lecture will show that the brain plays an important part in everything we think and do.Brain, Body and BehaviorCHAPTER 3EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingCerebral CortexThe cerebral cortex is the outermost layer of the brain and controls very high level thought processes.EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingFrontRightRearLeftThe Corpus Callosum is a thin band of tissues inside the fissure.EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingTasks of the Cerebral HemispheresThe brain is divided into halves. Each half, or hemisphere, controls the opposite side of the body.EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingCerebral cortex HypothalamusCerebral cortexThalamusCerebellumClick for more information.Corpus callosumPituitaryReticular activating systemHippocampusThalamusCerebellumHypothalamusAmygdalaEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Lower BrainThalamus HypothalamusCerebral cortexThalamusCerebellumClick for more information.Corpus callosumPituitaryReticular activating systemHippocampusCerebellumHypothalamusAmygdalaCerebral cortexEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Lower BrainHypothalamus HypothalamusCerebral cortexThalamusCerebellumClick for more information.Corpus callosumPituitaryReticular activating systemHippocampusCerebellumThalamusAmygdalaCerebral cortexEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Lower BrainCerebellum HypothalamusCerebral cortexThalamusCerebellumClick for more information.Corpus callosumPituitaryReticular activating systemHippocampusHypothalamusThalamusAmygdalaCerebral cortexEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Limbic System is involved with basic emotions and memory. Two important structures include the amygdala (emotional responses and aggression)the hippocampus (the formation of new memories)The Reticular Activating System keeps track of nerve impulse activity and helps regulate how alert or sleepy we feel.Other Lower Brain StructuresEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingBrain CommunicationA NEURON is a nerve cell. It is the smallest part of the nervous system. EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingBrain CommunicationEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingBrain CommunicationEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingBrain CommunicationEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingNeurotransmitters are messenger molecules (pain, pleasure, movement)EXIT

  • West Educational PublishingDopamineinvolved in movementa shortage can cause Parkinsons diseaseEndorphins relieve pain andincrease the sense of well-being (natural morphine)Acetylcholinesends information to other nerve cells when some part of the body movescan affect memoryproduction of this neurotransmitter can be shut down by food poisoningEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Central and PeripheralNervous SystemsEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Nervous SystemEXIT

  • West Educational PublishingThe Endocrine SystemClick on the arrows for more information.Pituitary glandThyroidAdrenal glandFemale gona