Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 1 of 138 Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 1 of 138 Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com One of the stumbling blocks in penetrating another language and that people's way of thinking is "idioms" or "modismos".Of course, language learners, language teachers, and linguists do not always agree on just what constitutes an idiom at all -- and the learners and teachers have different points of view on whether a given "idiom" is a mountain or a molehill.Items like 'tener hambre' (to be hungry) involve only a simple shift of point of view in whether the sensation referred to is a noun or an adjectival state.Items like 'dar a luz' (to give birth) give your cognitive category system a bit more of a workout. The Nahuatl phrase 'tlahtolli itlacual' (literally "word [or speech] is his food") is one that, unless you have accidentally tripped over it before, either with the help of a native speaker, a good dictionary, or a well translated text, you might find puzzling.It means "he is irascible, quick-tempered". A special class of Nahuatl idioms are the "bread-and-butter" metaphors.Recall '(in) atl (in) tepetl' for "town" and 'ixtli nacaztli' for "mediator". The following list is the "as-is" index for phrases I have glossed so far in the Florentine Codex.It is not extensive partly because I have concentrated on the single building units before the pre-fab ones.Any additions are welcome. Joe Campbell Nocnihuan, I don't want to wear you out (or your e-mailboxes), but I thought someone might be interested in an update on this vocabulary.I have divided it into three parts to cut down on the size problem for those with space limitations.It might be difficult to handle breaking it into 87 parts, but if you let me know what your ceiling is, oc achi niccotonaz. The three word level indexes from the FC are: 1.vocab by morpheme; 2a. Nahuatl-English vocab; 2b. English-Nahuatl vocab. 2a and 2b come out of the same program and items are included regardless of whether they have been dealt with yet morphologically.1 items are indexed only if they have analyzed morphologically (obviously) *and* have English glosses.Incidentally, to put a nasty rumor to rest, the computer, although it is a great little ol' helper with regard to tagging, reformatting, and sorting, is ***not*** doing the morphological analysis. xipapaquican, Joe

NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Embed Size (px)


One of the stumbling blocks in penetrating another language and that people's way of thinking is "idioms" or "modismos".Of course, language learners, language teachers, and linguists do not always agree on just what constitutes an idiom at all -- and the learners and teachers have different points of view on whether a given "idiom" is a mountain or a molehill.Items like 'tener hambre' (to be hungry) involve only a simple shift of point of view in whether the sensation referred to is a noun or an adjectival state.Items like 'dar a luz' (to give birth) give your cognitive category system a bit more of a workout. The Nahuatl phrase 'tlahtolli itlacual' (literally "word [or speech] is his food") is one that, unless you have accidentally tripped over it before, either with the help of a native speaker, a good dictionary, or a well translated text, you might find puzzling.It means "he is irascible, quick-tempered".A special class of Nahuatl idioms are the "bread-and-butter" metaphors.Recall '(in) atl (in) tepetl' for "town" and 'ixtli nacaztli' for "mediator".The following list is the "as-is" index for phrases I have glossed so far in the Florentine Codex.It is not extensive partly because I have concentrated on the single building units before the pre-fab ones.Any additions are welcome.Joe CampbellNocnihuan,I don't want to wear you out (or your e-mailboxes), but I thought someone might be interested in an update on this vocabulary.I have divided it into three parts to cut down on the size problem for those with space limitations.It might be difficult to handle breaking it into 87 parts, but if you let me know what your ceiling is, oc achi niccotonaz.The three word level indexes from the FC are:1.vocab by morpheme;2a. Nahuatl-English vocab;2b. English-Nahuatl vocab.2a and 2b come out of the same program and items are included regardless of whether they have been dealt with yet morphologically.1 items are indexed only if they have analyzed morphologically (obviously) *and* have English glosses.Incidentally, to put a nasty rumor to rest, the computer, although it is a great little ol' helper with regard to tagging, reformatting, and sorting, is ***not*** doing the morphological analysis.xipapaquican,Joe

Citation preview

Page 1: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 1 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 1 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

One of the stumbling blocks in penetrating another language and that people's way of thinking is "idioms" or "modismos".Of

course, language learners, language teachers, and linguists do not always agree on just what constitutes an idiom at all -- and

the learners and teachers have different points of view on whether a given "idiom" is a mountain or a molehill.Items like 'tener

hambre' (to be hungry) involve only a simple shift of point of view in whether the sensation referred to is a noun or an adjectival

state.Items like 'dar a luz' (to give birth) give your cognitive category system a bit more of a workout.

The Nahuatl phrase 'tlahtolli itlacual' (literally "word [or speech] is his food") is one that, unless you have accidentally tripped over

it before, either with the help of a native speaker, a good dictionary, or a well translated text, you might find puzzling.It means "he

is irascible, quick-tempered".

A special class of Nahuatl idioms are the "bread-and-butter" metaphors.Recall '(in) atl (in) tepetl' for "town" and 'ixtli nacaztli' for


The following list is the "as-is" index for phrases I have glossed so far in the Florentine Codex.It is not extensive partly because I

have concentrated on the single building units before the pre-fab ones.Any additions are welcome.

Joe Campbell


I don't want to wear you out (or your e-mailboxes), but I thought someone might be interested in an update on this vocabulary.I

have divided it into three parts to cut down on the size problem for those with space limitations.It might be difficult to handle

breaking it into 87 parts, but if you let me know what your ceiling is, oc achi niccotonaz.

The three word level indexes from the FC are:

1.vocab by morpheme;

2a. Nahuatl-English vocab;

2b. English-Nahuatl vocab.

2a and 2b come out of the same program and items are included regardless of whether they have been dealt with yet

morphologically.1 items are indexed only if they have analyzed morphologically (obviously) *and* have English

glosses.Incidentally, to put a nasty rumor to rest, the computer, although it is a great little ol' helper with regard to tagging,

reformatting, and sorting, is ***not*** doing the morphological analysis.



Page 2: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 2 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 2 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

a:tli:hua there is drinking

aacaliuhqui grooved, furrowed

aacatl reed

aahuia he is unhappy

aahuieni one who is merry

aahuieniti she becomes a harlot

aatlihua there is drinking; everyone


aatlihuaya drink was provided

ac one, who

ac someone

ac who; anyone; someone;

whoever; which; whom

aca some, someone; anyone; one;

whoever; another; he who

acachichictli Western Grebe

acachto first, at first

acacuahuitl chocolate beater; smoking


acalchimalli shield-boat

acalco in a boat; in the boat

acalihui it becomes grooved; it

becomes furrowed

acaliuhqui grooved, furrowed

acalli boat, canoe

acalnacazyo cornerless house

acaloco at the canal; over the canal

acalotli canal; canals

acalquetzque boatmakers

acaltic grooved; furrowed

acaltica by boat, in boats

acampa from nowhere; nowhere

acan nowhere

acanacochtli reed ear plug

acanozomo perhaps not

acatanatli small reed basket

acatic cylindrical; reed-like

acatl arrow; dart; reed

acatzalan among the reeds, among the


acaxoxouhqui green cane; green reed

acazoc perhaps

acecec tasteless

acello full of nits

acelloa it becomes full of nits

achi a few; a little; a little bit; a

while; rather; somewhat; a

little while; a little time; almost;

about; slightly

achi rather; a little; a little bit;

slightly; somewhat

achica a little bit

achichichic a little bitter

achichilacachtli gibbous duckweed

achichina it sucks liquid

achichinani sucker of liquid

achihualo there is preparing of drink

achihuaz she will prepare drink

achipipil tiny bit

achito a little

achiton a little; a little bit; to some

extent; rather; small;


achitoton exceedingly tiny

achitzi a little bit

achitzin a little; a little bit; rather;

somewhat; a trifle

achitzitzin few, a little bit

achto first; ahead of time; earlier;

first time; forthwith; to start


achtopa at first; first; at once;

beforehand; first time

aci it arrives; it reaches

acia it arrived

acico he came to arrive; it came to

arrive; they came to arrive;

they came to reach

acillo full of nits

acito he went to arrive, he went to


acizque they will arrive, they will reach

aco above; up high

aco high, up above

aco up, above, high

acochiztli lack of sleep, sleeplessness

acocholoa:ni high jumper

acocili shrimp

acocilin shrimp

acococ incapable of burning

acocotica with gourd tubes

acohuetzqui light, not heavy

acohuic upwards

acohuic tlalchihuic itto he is venerated

acoliztac having white wing-bends

acolli shoulder

acomana it raises up, it is disturbed

acontetemoa he seeks it

acopa upward

acuacualaca it blisters; it boils up

acuacualacatihuetzi blisters quickly form

acuahuitl beater, chocolate stirring stick;

Page 3: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 3 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 3 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

spoon for stirring cacao;

stirring stick

acualli bad; evil

acuauhtli water eagle

acueitl water skirt

acuetzpali crocodile

acuicuialotl cliff swallow

acuicuiyachi leech

acuicuiyachin leech

ahacaliuhqui very grooved, very furrowed

ahacaltic very grooved, very furrowed

ahactihuetzi he tumbles into a pit

ahahuiac fragrant, pleasing; infragrant

ahahuilnemi he lives dissolutely

ahahuiltzoncaloa she is always full of vice

ahatlan in much water

ahatlihua there is drinking, people drink


ahcan nowhere

ahco upward

ahcohuetzqui light, not heavy

ahcualli bad, evil

ahhuatl thorn

ahhuatla thorny place

ahhuayo spiny, thorny

ahmopatzahuallani he does not deflate himself

ahmozcalia he is not discreet

ahnoce perhaps

ahpalanini that which does not rot

ahquenman never

ahquicuazque they will not eat it

ahquizque they will not drink it

ahtehuihui it trembles

ahteutini that which does not powder,

that which does not become


ahtinemizque we will not live

ahtlapalli wing

ahtlazotli worthless, of no value

ahtle nothing

ahtle ipan tlachia he belittles

ahua tepehua inhabitant of a city

ahuacatl avocado

ahuachio dewy

ahuachquemitl dew cape

ahuacuahuitl oak log; oak tree

ahuacuauhtomatl acorn

ahuatl acorn; oak; oak tree; thorn

ahuatomatl acorn

ahuatzalpan on dried mud

ahuauhtli water fly egg

ahuayo bristly, spiny, thorny

ahuayo prickly; spiny; thorny

ahuayocan thorny place

ahuayochamahuac coarse-spined

ahuayohua it form thorns, it produces

thorns; it forms thorns

ahuayotilahuac thick-spined

ahuazhuatl oak leaf

ahuehuetl cypress tree

ahuel he cannot

ahuelic not of pleasing odor; of no


ahuelnenemi they cannot walk

ahuia he is content; he is contented

ahuiac fragrant, perfumed; pleasing;

odoriferous; savory

ahuianime harlots

ahuic back and forth

ahuic directionless, to and fro; from

one side to the other; back

and forth

ahuic to and fro, back and forth;

without direction; directionless

ahuic yauh she wanders here and there

ahuiccampa back and forth

ahuictli boating pole, oar; paddle

ahuienime pleasure girls

ahuilcuicatl pleasure song; song of

debauchery; song of vice

ahuillatoa he speaks vainly

ahuilli jest; laughter; lewd; play

ahuilnemi he is given to pleasure

ahuilnemi she is given to carnal pleasure

ahuilnemiliztli carnal life; incontinence;

debauchery; lustful and

debauched living

ahuilnemilizyotl debauched living;

debauchery; evil life

ahuilnemilizzotl lust and debauchery

ahuilquiza she disgraces herself

ahuixpatic very pleasing, exceedingly


ahuixtic of pleasing odor; pleasing

ahuiyac fragrant; good smelling; good-

tasting; pleasing; savory

ahuiyaltic sweet smelling

ahuiz and here, and behold

ahyectli bad

ahzo about, perhaps

ahzo either, perhaps; or;

perchance; maybe; about;

lest; mayhap; neither; nor;

Page 4: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 4 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 4 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

possibly; whether

ahzoc perhaps; perchance

ai she does it

aic never

aicochiz he does not sleep [i, nothing is

his sleep]

ainnezcaliliz their uncouthness

aitic in the water, in the lake; in

water; in the midst of the


aitlacual not his food

aitlacualiz he has no food [ie nothing is

his food]

aitoloni unspeakable, not fit to be said

aitzcuauhtli os·prey (¼s“pr¶, -pr³) n.,

pl. os·preys. 1. A fish-

eating hawk (Pandion

haliaetus) having plumage

that is dark on the back and

white below. Also called fish

hawk. 2. A plume formerly

used to trim women's hats.

[Middle English osprai, from

Anglo-Norman ospreit, from

Medieval Latin avis prede,

bird of prey : Latin avis, bird;

see awi- below + Latin

praedae, genitive of praeda,

booty, prey

aitzcuintli otter: ot·ter (¼t“…r) n., pl.

otter or ot·ters. 1. Any of

various aquatic, carnivorous

mammals of the genus Lutra

and allied genera, related to

the minks and weasels and

having webbed feet and

dense, dark brown fur. 2. The

fur of this mammal.

aiuccic poorly fired [re pottery]

aixnamiquiliztli insupportability, irresistibility;


aixnamiquiztli unbearability, dazzling

alacpatic very slippery: slip·per·y

(sl¹p“…-r¶) adj.


slip·per·i·est. 1. Causing

or tending to cause sliding or

slipping: a slippery sidewalk.

2. Tending to slip, as from

one's grasp: a slippery bar of

soap. 3. Not trustworthy;

elusive or tricky

alactic smooth: smooth

(sm›th) adj. smooth·er,

smooth·est. 1. Having a

surface free from

irregularities, roughness, or

projections; even. See

Synonyms at level. 2.

Having a fine texture: a

smooth fabric. 3. Having an

even consistency: a smooth

pudding. 4. Having an even

or gentle motion or

movement: a smooth ride. 5.

Having no obstructions or

difficulties: a smooth

operation. See Synonyms at

easy. 6. Serene: a smooth

temperament. 7. Bland: a

smooth wine. 8. Ingratiatingly

polite and agreeable. See

Synonyms at suave. 9.

Having no grossness or

coarseness in dress or

manner. --smooth v.

smoothed, smooth·ing,

smoothes. --tr. 1. To make

(something) even, level, or

unwrinkled. 2. To rid of

obstructions, hindrances, or

difficulties. 3. To soothe or

tranquilize; make calm. 4. To

make less harsh or crude;

refine. --intr. 1. To become

smooth., slick: slick (sl¹k)

adj. slick·er, slick·est. 1.

Smooth, glossy, and slippery:

sidewalks slick with ice. See

Synonyms at sleek. 2.

Deftly executed; adroit: “as

slick as a sonnet, but as dull

as ditch water” (Tallulah

Bankhead). 3. Shrewd; wily.

4. Superficially attractive or

plausible but lacking depth or

soundness; glib: a slick writing


alahuac mucus: mu·cus

(my›“k…s) n. The viscous,

slippery substance that

consists chiefly of mucin,

water, cells, and inorganic

salts and is secreted as a

protective lubricant coating by

Page 5: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 5 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 5 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cells and glands of the

mucous membranes.; phlegm:

phlegm (flµm) n. 1.

Thick, sticky, stringy mucus

secreted by the mucous

membrane of the respiratory

tract, as during a cold or other

respiratory infection. 2. One

of the four humors of ancient

physiology, described as cold

and moist and thought to

cause sluggishness, apathy,

and evenness of temper. 3.

Sluggishness of temperament.

4. Calm self-possession;

equanimity. [Middle English

fleume, mucous discharge,

the humor phlegm, from Old

French, from Medieval Latin

phlegma, flegma, from Late

Latin phlegma, the humor

phlegm, from Greek, heat, the

humor phlegm, from phlegein,

to burn.; humor; slick; slimy;

slippery; smooth; viscous

alahuacapetlatl smooth reed mat

alaztic sleek; smooth

alcecec cold water

alcecec tzitzicaztli castigation, punishment

alchichic bitter water

altepecalli government house

altepehuaque inhabitants of a city;

townsmen; inhabitants of a


altepemaitl hamlet, town

altepeme cities

altepeonoque they are city dwellers

altepepializtli the guarding of the city

altepetl city; state; town; settlement;


amacale having a paper headdress

amacalli paper crown

amachcocolhuan your [pl.] great-grandfathers

amacuitlapile having paper pendants

amaizque you [pl.] will do

amamachiotl paper pattern

amapan in a river

amatecque paper cutters

amatetehuitl paper streamer

amatic paper-like

amatica with paper, by means of paper

amatl paper; book

amatlamatque paper designers; those skilled

with paper

amatlapal wing

amatlapalchihchichiltic having chili-red wings

amatlapale finned, having fins; leafed;

having leaves; winged; having


amatlapalhuiac long-finned, having long fins

amatlapalhuihuiltecqui having wings mingled with red

amatlapaliztac having white wings

amatlapaloa it forms leaves

amatlapalpatlactotonti small, broad leaves

amatlapalpatlahuac broad-leafed, wide-leafed,

having broad leaves; having

wide leaves

amatlapalpitzatoton small and slender leaves

amatlatl strainer

amatlatquitl paper adornment; paper

array; paper goods; paper


amatzintli paper, paltry paper

amatzotzolli scrap of paper

amaxca your [pl] possession, your [pl]

property; your [pl] array

amaxotlalo paper is cut

amechcahualtiz he will refuse it to you [pl]

amechiztlacahuiaya it misled you [pl]

amechmonequililia he requires it of you

amechtlapololtiaya it deluded you [pl]

amehuanti you (pl)

amehuantin you (pl); you [pl]

ameyalco in a spring

ameyalli spring

amicoa all die of thirst, there is thirst

amicoayan place of thirst

amicohuaya place of death from thirst

amihiyotzin your (pl) spirit

amihuaz there will be hunting

amiitto you (pl) are seen

amilamatlaca you are old women

amilamatque you are old women

amilamayotzin your (pl) old-womanliness

amilhuicapipilti you [pl] are heavenly


amilome white fish

amilotetl white fish egg

amilotl white fish

amintli diarrhea

amiquiliztli thirst

amitic within you (pl)

amixpan before you (pl), in front of you


Page 6: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 6 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 6 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

amixpantzinco before you (pl), in front of you

(pl); in your (pl) presence

amo no, not

amo tle inecoca it is useless, it is valueless

amochantzinco your (pl) home

amochitl tin

amochoquiz your (pl) weeping

amocihuan your [pl] grandmothers

amocolhuan your [pl] grandfathers; your

[pl] forefathers; your [pl]


amocxi your [pl] feet

amohuepanmecauh your [pl] heavy rope

amonanhuan your [pl] mothers

amonanyotzin your (pl) motherhood, your

(pl) motherliness

amonayotzin your (pl) motherhood, your

(pl) motherliness

amonemiliz your [pl] life, your [pl] way of


amono neither; nor

amopiltzin your [pl] son, your [pl] child

amoquichtzitzinti you men

amotahuan your [pl] fathers

amotayotzin your (pl) fatherhood, your (pl)


amotequiuh your [pl] goal, your [pl]

function; your [pl] task

amotlachihual your [pl] deed, your [pl] work

amotlaocol your (pl) compassion

amotlapal your (pl) strength

amotlatoltzin your [h] words; your [pl]

words; your [pl] exhortations

amotlatqui your [pl] possession, your [pl]

property; your [pl] array

amotzontecon your [pl] heads

amoxhua owner of a book

amoxtli book

amoyollo your [pl] hearts

amoyollotzin your [pl] heart; your [pl] hearts

amoyome water flies

amoyotlaxcalli water fly tortilla

amozcalia he is untrained

amozcaliani one who is indiscreet

anacayo fleshless

anahuac on the coast

anahuacatlatoque rulers of anahuac

anahuatl one who whispers

analoya they were chosen

anca so, therefore, that being the

case; accordingly

ancho:ca you (pl) weep

ancoconetzitzinti you [pl] are children

ancuaiztaque you (pl) have become white-


ancualani you [pl] become angry

anemiuhqui incomparable

anemiznequi he does not wish to live

anhuallaque you (pl) came

anhuehuetque you are old men

anitlachia I am inexperienced; i do not


anmochintin all of you

anmononotzazque you [pl] will consult with one


annechmomapilhuilia you [pl] choose me, you point

at me

annemi you (pl) live

ano he is chosen; he is taken; he

is seized; it is captured; it is

caught; it is removed; it is

taken; neither; nor; not

eithernot also; also not; or

ano they are caught, they are

captured; they are hunted;

they are seized; they are


anoac nor anyone

anoce or; or else; perhaps

anoque they were seized, they were


anozo either, or; or else; o; or; or

perhaps; else; if

anpipiltin you [pl] are noblemen

anpipiltzitzinti you [pl] are babies

anque hunters

anqui hunter; huntsman

anquichia you [pl] wait for him

anquichihua you (pl) do it

anquichihuazque you (pl) will do it

anquimati you [pl] do not know it; you [pl]

know it

anquinequi you [pl] want it, you [pl] wish it

anquipoloa you [pl] destroy it

anquitlatoltemozque you [pl] will seek his counsel

anquitta you (pl) see him; you [pl] see


antelpopochtin you [pl] are youths

antequiti you [pl] work, you [pl] labor

antlaca you people

antlacatque you [pl] were born

antlacoti you [pl] work, you [pl] labor

antlaocoya you (pl) feel compassion

antonantzitzinhuan you [pl] are our mothers

Page 7: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 7 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 7 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

antopilhuan you [pl] are our sons

antotatzitzinhuan you [pl] are our fathers

antoteucyohua you are our lords

antoteucyohuan you are our lords

aoccampa nowhere

aoccan no where; nowhere

aocmo no longer; no more; not

anymore; nevermore

aocmo ompa conitta he despises him

aoctle no longer anything

aoctli yellow maguey wine

aocuilcualoni that which is not eaten by


aohiximati he is ignorant of the road, he

is not familiar

aomio not bony, boneless

aoompa incapable

aoquic no longer, nevermore

aoztoc in a watery cavern; in

underwater caverns

aoztotl watery cavern

apan body of water

apantlaca water people, people who live

on the water

apaztli basin; earthen basin; earthen

tub; tub

apia they guard the water

apilolli water jar

apitzalli diarrhea

apitzaltontli little bit of diarrhea

apizmicoa there is death from hunger,

there is starvation

apizmicoac there was death from hunger,

there was starvation

apizmicque they died of hunger, they


apizmicqui starved, dying of hunger

apizmiquia they hungered

apizmiquiliztli hunger; starvation

apizmiquizque they will be hungry

apiztla place of hunger

apiztli famine, hunger

apozonalli amber

apozoni it boils, it bubbles

aquen in no way; in no manner

aquenman never

aqui he enters; he fits; he who; one


aquia she entered

aquimati they do not know it

aquimichin water mouse

aquin he who; the one who; who;

one who; anyone; one;

someone; whoever; one that;

she who; whom

aquinequi he does not want it, he does

not wish it

aquique those who; some; those; who


aquittaz it will not endure it

aquittazque they will not see it

at perhaps

atapalcatl ruddy duck

atatacac it dug for water

atelchitl he had it coming

atenco at the shore; coast; shore;

water's edge; on the bank; on

the shore; on the coast; sea


atenhua man of the river banks

atenio lousy

atenpoztequini ceaseless talker

atenyohua it becomes lousy

ateponaztli american bittern

(bit·tern1 (b¹t“…rn) n. Any

of several wading birds of the

genera Botaurus and

Ixobrychus, having mottled,

brownish plumage and a

deep, booming cry in the

male. [Middle English bitour

(with -n perhaps from heron)

from Old French butor,

possibly from Vulgar Latin

*buti-taurus : Latin b¿ti½,

buzzard + Latin taurus, bull

(after its cry); see tauro-


ateteca they pour water

atexcalco in craggy water; water in the

crags(crag (kr²g) n. A

steeply projecting mass of

rock forming part of a

rugged cliff or headland.

[Middle English, from

Welsh craig or Scottish

Gaelic creagh.] --

crag“ged (kr²g“¹d) adj.


atexcaloztotl water cavern in the crags

atia it becomes loose; it is

softened; it liquefies; it melts;

it loosens

atiani something that melts

Page 8: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 8 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 8 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

atic aqueous, runny

atic loose; sparse; watery;

dissolved in water;

transparent; liquefied; liquid;

runny; soft; clear; relaxed;

loose-woven; sparce

atica with chocolate, by means of

chocolate, by means of drink;

with drink; with water; by

means of water

atililoni something that can be


atimozcalia you are untrained

atitleme we are nothing

atl water; chocolate; drink; lake;

river; sea

atl cecec tzitzicaztli castigation, punishment;

reprimands and corrections

atl tepetl city

atl tlacualli sustenance

atlaca evil men; inhuman people

atlaca water folk; fisher folk

atlacatl diabolical, inhuman; man of

the water; monster; inhuman

person; savage

atlachia he does not look, he is


atlactic slippery

atlacui they transport water, they get


atlacuic she fetched water, she drew


atlan by the water; from the water;

in the water; into the water; in

water; on the water; through

the water

atlapale leafed, having leaves; winged;

having wings

atlapalli wing

atlapaltin wings

atlatlacui they draw water

atlatlalacatl goose (goose (g›s) n.,

pl. geese (g¶s). 1.a. Any of

various wild or domesticated

water birds of the family

Anatidae, and especially of

the genera Anser and Branta,

characteristically having a

shorter neck than that of a

swan and a shorter, more

pointed bill than that of a

duck. b. The female of such a

bird. c. The flesh of such a

bird used as food. 2. Informal.

A silly person. 3., pl.

goos·es. A tailor's pressing

iron with a long curved

handle. 4. Slang. A poke,

prod, or pinch between or on

the buttocks. --goose tr.v.

goosed, goos·ing,

goos·es. Slang. 1. To

poke, prod, or pinch (a

person) between or on the

buttocks. 2. To move to

action, spur: “The pilot goosed

his craft, powering away”

(Nicholas Proffitt). [Middle

English goos, from Old

English g½s. See ghans-


atlauhco in a canyon; in an abyss; in a


atlauhitic in a gorge

atlauhtli canyon, gorge, ravine

atlauhyo having gorges, having ravines

atle nothing

atle inecoca it is useless, it is valueless; it

is worthless

atle ipan teitta she respects no one

atleh nothing

atlei nothing

atleti he becomes nothing; it

becomes nothing

atletiz it will fail, it will become


atletzin nothing

atli he drinks; he drinks (water)

atli it drinks; it drinks water; it

takes water

atli they drink

atlia they drank; they drank water

atlihua one drinks; there is drinking;

people drink chocolate

atlihualoni drinking vessel

atlihuaya there was drinking, people


atlihuaz he will drink water

atliliztli drinking

atliz he will drink; he will drink

water; he is to drink water; it

will drink water

atolihui it becomes soft

atolli atole; maize gruel

atoltic mushy; soft

atonahui he has a fever; he has fever

Page 9: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 9 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 9 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

atonahuizpatli fever medicine

atoncuepotli ruddy (rud·dy (r¾d“¶) adj.

rud·di·er, rud·di·est.

1.a. Having a healthy,

reddish color. b. Reddish;


atotoli pelican

atotolin american bittern(bit·tern1

(b¹t“…rn) n. Any of several

wading birds of the genera

Botaurus and Ixobrychus,

having mottled, brownish

plumage and a deep, booming

cry in the male. [Middle

English bitour (with -n perhaps

from heron) from Old French

butor, possibly from Vulgar

Latin *buti-taurus : Latin b¿ti½,

buzzard + Latin taurus, bull

(after its cry);); american white

pelican; pelican

atototl water bird

atoyaatl river

atoyac in a river; in the river; in the


atoyatetl river pebble

atoyatl current, torrent, river; stream

atoyatl tepexitl danger

atoyaxalli river sand

atzcalli oyster

atzcaltontli little oyster

atzetzelhuaztli water sprinkler

atzintli drink

atzitzicuilotl northern


(f²l“…-r½p”) n. Any of several

small wading birds of the

family Phalaropodidae,

resembling sandpipers but

having lobed toes that enable

them to swim. [French, from

New Latin phalaropus : Greek

phalaris, coot (from phalaros,

having a white spot)

atzopelic insipid

auh and; but

auhtic fine

axaxayacatl water fly

axcahua possessor; possessor of

goods; possessor of wealth

axcahuilo possessions are procured

axcan now; for the moment; present;

presently; nowadays

axcan today; now; nowadays

axcanpa now

axihua he is seized; he is captured;

he is detained; it is caught; it

is captured; they are hunted;

they are caught; they are

seized; they are detained

axihuac he was seized, he was


axihuaya he was seized, he was


axihuaz he will be seized, he will be


axixchipahua it cleanses the urine

axixcocolli gall stones

axixmiqui he wishes to urinate

axixpatli urine medicine

axixtecomatl bladder

axixtetzahua he has a urinary obstruction

axixtic urine-like

axixtica with urine, by means of urine

axixtli urine

axolotl axolotl

axoquentlatoa they speak like little blue


ayac no one, nobody

ayacacholo there is gourd rattling; there

was gourd rattling

ayacachotinemi he goes rattling the rattles

ayacachotoque they sat rattling gourd rattles;

they sat rattling the rattle

boards; they sat rattling the

gourd rattle

ayacachpixolo the rattle boards were sown

ayacachquetztoque they sat erecting gourd rattles

ayacachtli gourd rattle; rattle

ayacachtototl banded-backed wren(wren

(rµn) n. 1. Any of various

small brownish songbirds of

the family Troglodytidae,

having rounded wings, a

slender bill, and a short, often

erect tail. 2. Any of various

similar unrelated songbirds.

[Middle English wrenne, from

Old English wrenna.])

ayachcuahuitl cloud rattle board

ayahuitl haze, mist, cloud, film

ayamo not yet; before

ayatl thin cape

ayatzitzicaztli coarse maguey fiber cape

Page 10: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 10 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 10 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

with nettles

ayauhcalco at the mist house; in the mist


ayauhcalli mist house

ayauhchapoli mist grasshopper

ayauhchicahuaztli mist rattle board

ayauhcozamalotl rainbow

ayauhquemitl mist cape

ayauhtic misty

ayaxcan difficult; with difficulty;

gradually; with effort

ayayac no one

ayazolli miserable cape, old worn

cape; old maguey fiber cape

ayecotli fat bean; fat black bean; fat

red bean; large black bean

ayectli bad, evil; unrighteousness\

ayetic light; not heavy

ayo juicy; watery

ayocmo no longer; not any more; no

more; nevermore

ayoctli watered wine

ayohuachnamacac seller of gourd seeds or

squash seeds

ayohuachpalan spoiled squash seed

ayohuachtli gourd seed; gourd seeds;

squash seed

ayomecatic like a gourd vine

ayomichi turtle

ayopaltic violet-colored

ayotectli gourd

ayotetl gourd

ayotl gourd

ayotl turtle; turtle shell

ayotlaxcalli gourd tortilla

ayotli gourd

ayotochi armadillo

ayotochtli armadillo

ayoxochquilitl gourd blossom

azazaca they carry water

azcame ants

azcapapalotl butterfly ant

azcapatlan flying ant

azcapotzalco in an anthill

azcatl ant

azoc perhaps

azolin wilson snipe(Wilson's

snipe n. A common North

American snipe (Capella

gallinago subsp. delicata.)

[After Alexander Wilson

(1766-1813), Scottish-born

American ornithologist.])( snipe (snºp) n. 1., pl.

snipe or snipes.a. Any of

various long-billed shore birds

of the genus Gallinago or

Capella, related to the

woodcocks and sandpipers,

especially the common, widely

distributed species G.

gallinago or C. gallinago. b.

Any of various similar or

related birds. 2. A shot,

especially a gunshot, from a

concealed place. --snipe

intr.v. sniped, snip·ing,

snipes. 1. To shoot at

individuals from a concealed

place. 2. To shoot snipe. 3.

To make malicious,

underhand remarks or

attacks. [Middle English,

probably from Old Norse -

snºpa, as in mþrisnºpa, marsh


aztapiltic exceedingly white; intensly

white; very white

aztatl heron; snowy egret

aztatlatoa they speak like white herons

bathed; it is washed burns the


c no longer, no more; not yet

c no one any longer

c iron pyrites

ca for; because

ca he is

ca it is; there is

ca they are

caaltia they bathe her; they bathe him

caaltiz he will bathe him

caanque they took it up, they seized it

caantinemi they go grasping it

cacahuacuahuitl cacao tree

cacahuapetlatl bale of cacao

cacahuatetl cacao bean

cacahuatl cacao; cacao bean; chocolate

cacahuatlalli powdered cacao

cacalaca it crackles; it jingles; it rattles;

it sounds

cacalacaya it rattled

cacalachihui it slaps

cacalacoa there is entering on the part of

Page 11: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 11 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 11 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

each one

cacalacoac there was entering on the part

of each one

cacalacque they each entered; they

entered; they got in

cacalaqui he enters repeatedly, he

enters from house to house;

he repeatedly enters; he

enters; they enter from house

to house

cacalaquia he entered from house to


cacalaquizqueh they will enter repeatedly

cacalihui it becomes hollow

cacalotetic like "raven-stone"

cacalotetl "raven-stone"; crow-egg

cacalotl common raven

cacalpixque each of the majordomos, each

of the house stewards;


cacamactic porous

cacanauhti ducks

cacanauhtin ducks

cacapaca it whispers

cacatzactic black

cacatzactli black

cacatzca it stretches

cacaxmecatica with carrying frame cords, by

means of carrying frame cords

cacaxtli carrying frame

caci he arrives at it, he reaches it;

he captures him; he captures

it; he catches him; he seizes

him; he gains it; he achieves

it; he seizes it; he takes him; it

achieves; it hunts it; it

reaches; it equals

caci they catch him, they capture

him; they catch it; they seize

him; they detain him; they

take it

cacia he captured him

cacic he took him, he captured him;

he took it; he seized it

cacin it hunts it

cacique they captured it; they caught

it; they hunted it; they took it

cacitiuh he goes to take him, he goes

to capture him

caciz he will capture it, he will catch


caciznequi they try to catch it, they want

to catch it

cacnamaca he sells sandals

cacnamacac seller of sandals

cacnamacaque sellers of sandals

caco it is heard

caco they are heard

cacocui he brandishes it; she takes it


cacocuiz she will lift it up

cacolehua he raises it as a threat

cacoya it was heard

cactepiton small sandal

cactihuetzi it is still, it is quiet; there is


cactihuetzia it was still

cactimomanaya it was quiet, silence reigned

cactli sandal

caczolli old sandal

caczoque sandal makers

cah it is; there is

cahaltiz he will bathe him

cahcamanale entertainer

cahcamanaltini jester

cahci he reaches it, he catches it; it

catches it

cahualo she is left

cahualoya he was abandoned; he was let

go; he was released; they

were released; they were


cahualoz it will cease, it will stop

cahuaya he scolded him, chided him;

he berated him

cahuilquixtia he affronts him; he dishonors

her; he dishonors him

cahuilti (may) he gladden him

cahuiltia she amuses him; they

gladden him; they gladden it;

they harry(har·ry (h²r“¶)

tr.v. har·ried, har·ry·ing,

har·ries. 1. To disturb or

distress by or as if by

repeated attacks; harass. See

Synonyms at harass. 2. To

raid, as in war; sack or pillage.

[Middle English harien, from

Old English hergian.) him

cahuiltiaya they harried him

cahuiltiz he will gladden him, he will

amuse him

cahuitl time

cahuitontli brief time; moment; bit of time

cahuitzintli time

Page 12: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 12 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 12 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

calac he entered, he went in

calacoa people enter; there is entering

calacoaya there was entering, people


calacoayan entrance

calacoaz there will be entering, people

will enter

calacohua people enter

calacque they entered

calactihuetzi it enters quickly, it penetrates

quickly; it suddenly enters; it

suddenly dives in; they enter

quickly; they hasten to enter;

they enter suddenly

calactinemi they go along entering

calactinenca they had gone entering, they

had gone penetrating

calaqui he enters; he goes in; he goes


calaqui it enters; it goes in; it

penetrates; it sets

calaqui she enters; they enter; they go

in; they penetrate

calaquia he entered; it entered; it went

in; they entered; they came in;

they penetrated

calaquico they came to enter

calaquih he enters, he returns

calaquiloya he was imprisoned

calaquini he is accustomed to entering;

one who enters; it is

accustomed to entering; they

enter; they are accustomed to


calaquito they went to enter

calaquiz he will enter; it will enter; it will

go in

calaquiznequi he wants to enter, he tries to


calaquizque they will enter; they will


calcuac on a roof

cali house; home

calinemiliztli home life

calitic in the house; into the house;

within the house; inside the

house; within; inside

callaqui they enter, they come in

calli house; hut

calpan in the houses

calpixcantli stewardship

calpixque majordomos, house stewards;


calpixqui majordomo, house steward;


calquimichi house mouse

calquimichin house mouse

caltepipitzotl pigsty

caltepiton small house

caltia he bathes him; he bathes it;

she bathes him; she bathes it;

they bathe her; they bathe

him; they bathe it

caltiaya he bathed him; she bathed

her; she bathed him; they

bathed her; they bathed him;

they washed him

caltiz he will bathe him

caltizque they will bathe him

caltontli small house

calyahualli round house

camachalacaliuhcantli grooved part of the lower jaw

camachalli jawbone

camachaloacaliuhiantli concave part of the lower jaw

camachalotoc it lies open-mouthed

camachichic bitter to the taste

camacococ that which burns the mouth

camacoyahuac wide-mouthed

camahuac tender

camanalli jest, joke; scoffing

camaquentia they wrap it in paper

camatetl cheek

camaxacal big-mouthed; having an open


camaxacaltic big-mouthed; having a wide


camilhuiltic brown

camillo brown

camiltic brown

camiltique brown

camiqui they thirst for it

camopaltic orange; purple

campa in a place, anywhere

campa somewhere; anywhere; to a

place; to where; whence; from

where; where; in the direction;

in what place; wherever;


campan where

can somewhere

can where

cana he captures him; he catches

her; he seizes her; he catches

it; he seizes it; he grasps it; he

hunts it; he posts him; he

Page 13: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 13 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 13 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

places him; he seizes him; he

grabs it; he takes it; he takes

her; he takes him; he accepts


cana it catches him; it seizes it; it

takes it

cana she takes it; somewhere;

anywhere; elsewhere; in a

place; in places; some place;

some places; where;

wherever; they catch it; they

raise it; they take it; they

receive it; they seize it

cana whereabouts; wherever

canaco they came to capture him;

they came to take her

canah somewhere

canahua it thins

canahuac fine, thin

canahuacantli temple

canahualoni something which can be


canapa somewhere

canatiuh it goes to seize him, to catch

him; it goes to takeit

canato she went to take it; they went

to seize him

canauhihhuitl duck feather

canauhtenpatlactli wide bill of a duck

canauhtetl duck egg

canauhtlahuatzalli dried duck

canauhtlapahuaxtli duck stewed in a pot

canauhtlatoa they speak like ducks

canauhtli duck; mallard

canauhtzin duckling

canaz he will seize it, he will grab it;

he will take her; he will take it;

he will covet it

canaznequi he tries to capture her, he

wants to seize her; he tries to

capture it; he wants to seize it;

he tries to catch it; he wishes

to take it

canazque they will catch it; they will take

him; they will take it; they will

seize it

candela candle

caniliz he will take it from him, he will

remove it from him

canin somewhere; where; wherever

canpa where

canque they took it

cantli cheek

capapachoa they keep wetting him

capoli cherry; cherry tree

capolin cherry, american cherry

capotztic black

caquia he puts it inside

caquiaya they inserted it

caquitiloc it was made known

caquizti he discloses, he is heard; he

is audible; he sounds; it is

audible; it sounds; it is heard;

it is loud; it resounds; it

sounds out; it sounds well; it is

heard clearly; it makes a

noise; it rings out

caquizti there is sound; they resound;

they sound

caquiztia it sounded, it was audible

caquiztini something that resounds

catca he was; it was; she was; there

was; they were

cate they are

catli it drinks it; they drink it

catlitiz he will provide drink for him

catzacpol dirty

catzactic dark

catzahuac black; dark; dirty; dirty black;


caxic in a basin, in a bowl

caxihui it is depressed, it becomes


caxitl basin, bowl; vessel

caxiuhqui bowl-like

caxixa he expels it in the urine; he

urinates it (i e; expels it in the

urine); he urinates it (ie; he

urinates on it; she urinates it (i


caxixaz he will urinate it (i e, expel it in

the urine); she will urinate it


caxtic bowl-like; concave; bowl-


caxtolli fifteen

caxtolloce sixteen

caxtollonnahui nineteen

caxtolmapan fifteen spans

caxtololotl fifteen

caxtolpoalli three hundred

caxtolpoalxihuitl three hundred years

caxtoltetl fifteen

caxtoltin fifteen

caxtolxihuitl fifteen years

Page 14: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 14 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 14 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cayac (may) no one, (may) nobody

cayac for no one, for nobody

cayacachilhuia they sound the rattle-board for


cayacachoa it rattles it

ce one; a; an; single

ceccan separate place

cecec cold; chill; fresh; cool

cececni in various places; separately

cecelia it calms down

cecelic each one soft; verdant; green;

very fresh

cecelpatic very tender

cecempoalilhuitl each twenty days

cecempoalli by twenties

cecentetl each one; one by one

cecepalalahtic very cold

cecepatic very cold

cecepoctli knuckle

cecexiuhtica each year, yearly; once a

year; during each year

ceceyaca each one; one by one; one at

a time

ceceyoal each night; nightly

ceceyohual every night

cecmicque they died of the cold

cecni in some place, apart,

elsewhere; separate

cectlapal at one side; half

cehpayahuitl snow

cehualli shadow

cehuetzi it freezes, it gets cold (i e,


cehuetziz it will freeze

cehui (may) it be placated, (may) it

be calmed; (may) it go out;

(may) it be extinguished;

(may) it rest; it abates; it

calms down; it becomes calm;

it becomes quiet; it goes out; it

is extinguished; it is calmed

cehuiz it will abate; it will calm down;

it will be calmed; it will be

placated; it will cool

celia it becomes tender; it buds

celic delicate; fresh; green; tender;


celpatic very fresh and green; very


celtic fresh; green

cemicac always; constantly; eternal;

forever; eternally

cemilhuicochi he sleeps all day

cemilhuitiz he will spend the day

cemilhuitl a whole day, all day; by day;

during the day; for a day; one


cemiztac completely white

cemmachoa it is made known

cemmolicpitl a forearm [in length]

cemonoque they dwell together

cemoquichtli only boy, only male child

cempoalilhuitl twenty days

cempoalli twenty

cempoalmatl twenty fathoms

cempoalpa twenty times

cempoalteme twenties, scores

cempoaltetl twenty

cempoalxihuitl twenty years

cempoalxochitl marigold

cenca exceedingly, very; extremely;

great; greatly; much;

frequently; a lot

cenca much; great; greatly; strongly

cenca very; very quite; exceedingly;

excessively; great; much;

greatly; pure; really; very


cencalaqui it all enters

cencamatica with one word, by means of a


cencamatl a word; one word

cencan much; very

cencuahuitl all the forest, the whole forest

cenielohuac there was a reunion

cenmani it spreads

cenmanque they scattered

cenmapilli one finger [measure]

cenmatl fathom

centeconetl only child

cententica with one word, by means of a


cententli one word

centetl one; single; a; an

centlamamalpan a carrier load

centlamantin kinds

centlamantli a kind; one kind; a way; a

manner; one thing; a thing;

some; some kind

centlapal on one side

centli dried ear of maize

centzontlatole northern mockingbird

centzontli four hundred

centzontotochti four hundred rabbits

Page 15: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 15 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 15 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cenyohual all night

cepa once, one time

cepayahuitl snow

ceppa once; one time; first; first time

cequi others; some; in part; one;

part; some things

cequin some

cequinti some

cequintin some; a number of; certain

cetica from ice, by means of ice

cetl frost, ice

cexihuitl one year

cexiuh one year

cexiuhtica at the end of one year; each

year; yearly; for a year; once a

year; every year

ceyoal all night; at night; during the

night; night; by night

ceyohual all night; during the night; at


CHA:HUAPA:PA:LO:TL night butterfly, "moth"

chacayoltic callused

chachacuachtic rough; coarse; irregular

chachalaca it rattles

chachapaca it falls in large drops

chachayactic spreading

chahuayotl jealousy

chalcatlatoque chalcan rulers

chalchihuitl precious green stone; green


chalchiuhcozcatl green stone necklace

chalchiuhiximati they have knowledge of green


chalchiuhtecomatl green stone jar

chalchiuhtentetl green stone lip plug

chalchiuhtototl blue honeycreeper


(h¾n“¶-kr¶”p…r) n. 1. Any of

various small, often brightly

colored tropical American

birds of the family

Coerebidae, having a curved

bill adapted for sucking nectar

from flowers. 2. Any of

several birds of the family

Drepanididae of Hawaii,

similar to the mainland


chalchiuhxicalli green stone jar

chamahua it becomes coarse

chamahuac coarse; rough; dense;

developed; filled out; fat; firm;

large; thick

chanchihua it makes its home

chane dweller; householder

chaneque dwellers; householders;

inhabitants; members of the


chanitta she finds lodging

chanonoque they are house dwellers

chapani it droops

chapoli locust, grasshopper

chapolin locust, grasshopper

chapopotic like pitch, like

bitumen(bi·tu·men (b¹-

t›“m…n, -ty›“-, bº-) n. Any

of various flammable mixtures

of hydrocarbons and other

substances, occurring

naturally or obtained by

distillation from coal or

petroleum, that are a

component of asphalt and tar

and are used for surfacing

roads and for waterproofing.

[Middle English bithumen, a

mineral pitch from the Near

East, from Latin bit¿men,

perhaps of Celtic origin.] --

bi·tu“mi·noid” (-m…-noid”)


chapopotli pitch, bitumen

chiactic oily

chiahua it becomes greasy; it becomes

soggy; it exudes matter; it

gets greasy; it is greasy; it is

fat; it is oily; it stains

chiahuac fatty, greasy; fat; oily

chiahuacaayo oily

chiahuacayo greasy

chiahuacayotl greasiness

chiancaca marchpane

chiauhtlalli marshy land

chicacpatic very strong

chicactic strong, sturdy

chicahua he becomes strong; he

becomes mature; it becomes

firm; it becomes mature; it

becomes strong; it grows

chicahua they are strong; they become

strong; they fill out; they

become mature; they grow

chicahuac firm; hardened; strong; solid;

stiff; developed; resistant;

Page 16: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 16 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 16 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

hard; sturdy; tough

chicahuaque strong

chicalotl argemone

chicha he spits

chichi dog

chichic bitter; acid

chichicacococ bitter, burning

chichicahua it becomes strong

chichicatl bile(bile (bºl) n. 1. A bitter,

alkaline, brownish-yellow or

greenish-yellow fluid that is

secreted by the liver, stored in

the gallbladder, and

discharged into the duodenum

and aids in the emulsification,

digestion, and absorption of

fats. Also called gall1. 2.

Bitterness of temper; ill

humor; irascibility. 3. Either of

two bodily humors, black bile

or yellow bile, in medieval

physiology. [French, from

Latin bºlis.])

chichicuatzin little bag

chichicueei eight

chichicuitlapilli dog's tail

chichihua she suckles (them)

chichihualayotl milk

chichihuame nursemaids

chichilihui it becomes red, chili-red

chichilpahtic very red, very chili-red

chichilpatic very chili-red, exceedingly


chichiltic chili-red, red; vermillion

chichime dogs

chichipalalatic exceedingly bitter; very bitter

chichipatic very bitter

chichipatzontic very bitter, exceedingly bitter

chichitl saliva; spittle

chichiton little dog

chichix it became bitter

CHICHIZA:YO:LIN dog-fly, a hovering fly

chichtli barn owl

chicohuiac uneven

chicome seven

chicometica seven at a time, by sevens

chicomilhuitl seven days

chiconahui nine

chiconamictlan nine places of the dead

chiconauhxihuitl nine years

chiconquiahuitl seven rain

chicotlamati he is suspicious

chicotlamatiz he will suspect

chicotlatoltica with malicious words, by

means of malicious words

chicuace six

chicuaceccan sixth place

chicuacempoalilhuitl one hundred and twenty days

chicuacen six

chicuacentetl six

chicuancen six

chicuatic like a barn owl

chicuatli barn owl; screech owl

chicuei eight

chicueilhuitl eight days

chicuepoalxihuitl one hundred sixty years

chicuetetl eight

chicuexihuitl eight years

chielo he is expected, he is awaited

chien chia

chihchalo spit

chihchicotlacaqui he misunderstands

chihchiltic red, chili-red

chihua it does it

chihualo it is done; they are done; they

are practised

chihualoz it will be done

chilcanauhtli cinnamon teal

chilpatic very red

chiltotopil red warbler(war·bler

(wôr“bl…r) n. 1. Any of various

small New World songbirds of

the family Parulidae, many of

which have brightly colored

plumage or markings, as the

redstart and the chat. Also

called wood warbler. 2. Any

of various small, often

brownish or grayish Old World

songbirds of the family

Silviidae, as the blackcap and

the whitethroat. 3. Music. One

that warbles; a singer.)

chiltzintli little chile

chimalli shield

chimaltica with shields, by means of


chimaltontli little shield

chimalxochitl shield flower

chipacaltic very clear

chipaccaltic very clear

chipacpahtic very clean

chipacpatic exceedingly clear; very clear

Page 17: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 17 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 17 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

chipactic clean; clear

chipahua it becomes clean; it becomes

pure; it cleanses; it purifies; it

is purified

chipahuac clean; pure; clear; limpid;

delicate; fresh; refined

chipahuaca pure, clean

chipahuacaneci it appears clear

chipahuacanemi he lives in chastity

chipahuacanemilice chaste

chipahuacanemiliztli chastity, clean way of life;

pure life; clean life

chipahuactic very clean

chipayac bad smelling

chiquihuitl basket

chiquimoli gossiper; ladder-backed


chiquiztli testicle

chitepaqui it brings pleasure

cho:ca he weeps; he cries; it cries; it

cries out; it hoots; it howls

cho:ca she weeps, she cries; they

cry; they weep

cho:cac he wept, he cried

cho:cani one who weeps, one who

cries; weeper

cho:caque they wept, they cried

cho:catica it is weeping

cho:catinemi he goes along weeping; he

goes weeping

cho:catoc he lies crying, he lies weeping

cho:caya it hooted; it was wailing; it was

weeping; it was crying; she

cried; she wept; they wept;

they cried

cho:cohua there is weeping

chocho:ca it weeps constantly

chocholoa he leaps about, he leaps


chocholohua it jumps constantly

chocoa there is weeping

chocoaya place of weeping

chohchole having


(d›“klô”, dy›“-) n. A

vestigial digit or claw not

reaching the ground and

found on the feet of certain

mammals. [Origin unknown,

perhaps from alteration of

toe.] --dew“clawed” adj.)

chohcholli hoof

chohcholoa:ni constant jumper

cholo:z he will flee; it will leap; it will


choloa he flees; he runs away; it

flees; it leaps

choloa they flee

choloa:ni jumper

cholohua it jumps

choloque they fled

cholotehua he springs up to run

chontzin beautiful

choponiloni fang

choquizcali house of weeping

choquiztica with weeping, weepingly

choquiztli weeping; crying; lamentation

choquiztli ixayotl mourning

ciahuac damp, wet

ciahuatotoli turkey hen

ciahuiztli fatigue

ciammiquiliztli fatigue

cicitlallo starry, having stars

cicitlalti stars

cicitlaltin stars

cihcihuatlatoa he talks like a woman

cihtli hare

cihua women

cihuacochi he sleeps with a woman

cihuacochia he lay with a woman; he lay

with woman; he slept with a


cihuacochiz he will sleep with a woman

cihuacocolli woman's ailment

cihuacuicatl women's song

cihuah women

cihuahua husband

cihuamazatl doe

cihuamone one who has a daughter-in-


cihuanequini one who is given to women

cihuanotza he is given to women

cihuapan women's quarters

cihuapilchichihualli girl's breast

cihuapille o my lady; o noblewoman

cihuapilli noblewoman; vulva

cihuapilpil young girls

cihuapilti she lives as a noblewoman,

she becomes a noblewoman

cihuapiltontli baby girl; girl child; female

child; girl; little girl; noble girl;

small girl

cihuapiltzintle o my beloved lady

cihuapiltzintli noblewoman

Page 18: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 18 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 18 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cihuapipilti princesses

cihuapipiltotonti girls; small girls; young girls;

young women

cihuateotl goddess

cihuateteo goddesses

cihuateteu godesses

cihuatitici elderly female matchmakers;

women physicians

cihuatl bride, woman; female; hen;

uterus; girl

cihuatlahueliloc evil woman

cihuatlahueliloque whores

cihuatlamacazque offering priestesses

cihuatlapalihui robust woman

cihuatlatolli women's words

cihuatlatquitl equipment of women,

women's belongings; women's


cihuatotoli turkey hen

cihuatotolin turkey hen

cihuatzintli girl, lady; woman

cihuatzitzinti beloved women; honored

women; women; young


cintanaton little maize basket

cintlaolli ear of maize or corn

cintli dried ear of maize; dried ear

of maize or corn; ear of maize

citlalcolotl scorpion star

citlalcueye star-skirted, having a star skirt

citlalcuicuiltic painted like a star

citlali star

citlalin star

citlalli star

citlallotoc spread with stars, covered

with stars

citlalmaololo star gatherer, one who

gathers stars

citlalminqui wounded by a shooting star

citlalmitl star arrow

citlalpol morning star, big star

citli hare; jack rabbit

coacihui he has the gout; they have the


coacihuizio paralyzing

coacihuiztli gout; numbness

coamichi eel

coatetl cyst

coatl snake, serpent

coatlanquiza canine teeth emerge

coatontli small snake

cochcamachaloa his lips move from side to

side; it yawns

cochhiza it wakens sleepers

cochi he sleeps

cochi it sleeps; she sleeps; they


cochihuani something for sleeping [eg,

clothing to sleep in]

cochiz he will sleep

cochizani vigilant

cochiztli sleep

cochoctli sleep-producing pulque;

sleep-producing wine

cochque they slept

cochtica he is sleeping

cochtimotlalia he lies down to sleep

cochtlatoa they talk in their sleep

cocoa serpents, snakes; twins

cococ afflicted; affliction; anguish;

bitter; burning

cococ hot, burning; it burns like

pepper; misery; affliction;

pain; piquant; that which


cocochi he sleeps

cococuicatl song of the sick

cocohua snakes; serpents

cocolilozque they will be hated

cocolizcui it sickens

cocolizcuiz he will suffer, he will get sick

cocoliztl sickness

cocoliztli sickness; affliction; ailment;

pestilence; plague

cocolli ailment; infection; sickness;

pain; illness

cocoltic curved; wavy

cocomotzahui it splashes

coconetotonti children; little babies

coconetzitzinti small children

coconeyotl childishness, babyishness

cocopahtic extremely hot, burning

cocopalalatic exceedingly burning

cocopatic very burning

cocoti servants

cocotl throat

cocotoca it breaks up; it falls to pieces;

it is cut to pieces

cocotzin little dove

cocotzohuia they apply pine pitch to it

cocoxque sick people; the sick

cocoxqui sick; sick person; patient

cocoya it becomes pregnant

cocoyac sickening

Page 19: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 19 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 19 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cocoyactic wide

cocoyahuac distended (each one)

cocoyani subject to pregnancy

cocoyontiuh they keep opening

cohcomoltic full of holes

cohuacihuizpatli remedy for gout, cure for gout

cohuacihuiztli gout

cohuaciztli gout

cohuapetlatl serpent mat

cohuatetl cyst

cohuatl serpent, snake

cohuatololiztli swallowing of serpents,


cohuatontli little serpent, little snake

cohuayo having snakes

cohuicaittaya they regarded it as dangerous

coli quail

colini he moved him

colinia he molests it, he moves it; it

stirs it; it moves it; she moves

it; they move it

colinique they moved it

coliniznequi he wants to move it

collamizque they will play ball against him

colochahui it becomes curly

cololhuitimoteca they seat themselves around

cololoa it makes it into a ball; it moves

it; they ball it together; they

pile it up

colotitech on the frame

colotl scorpion

colotli carrying frame; frame;

wooden framework

coltic curved

colxahua they paint it with rubber

comalchihua he makes griddles

comalco on the griddle

comic interior of the vessel

commana he offers it, he places it

commapilhui he pointed to it

commatia they took account of him

comolihui it becomes hollow

comoltic hollowed

comotzihui it shakes

compacaya they washed it

compachoa they press it

compalo it ate it, it consumed it

compaloa it sucks it

compatiaya he cured him

compatzca they squeeze it out

compehualtia he begins it; they begin it

conaci they seize him, they detain


conahuaz he will scold him, he will chide


conalahua they anoint it

conana he grabs it, he seizes it; he

takes her; he seizes her; he

takes it; they seize him; they

grab him

conanaya they took him

conanilia he seizes it from him; he takes

it from her; it works on him

conanque they seized it

conaquia he places it, he inserts it; he

puts it on her; they fit it on

him; they put it on him

conaquiaya they fitted it, they inserted it

conaquilia they insert it into him

concahua he leaves it; they leave her;

they leave him; they escort

him; they leave it

concahuaya he left it; he delivered it; she

left it; they left her; they left

him; they left it

concahuazque they will leave it

concalaquia he takes it in

concalaquique they put it in

concanauhtli goose

concaqui he hears it

concauhque they delivered it, they left it

conchamahua they fatten it

conchicha he spits at her

conchihua he does it

conchipinia he applies it in drops, he drips


conchipinilia he drips it

conchiuh he made it

conchoquiliz he will weep for him

concua it eats it; they eat it

concuaz he will eat it, he is to eat it

concui he acquires it, he takes it; he

grabs it; he takes it up; he

seizes it

concui she takes it; they take it; they

grasp it; they seize it; they

take it

concuia he took it; they took it; they

gathered it; they got it; they

plucked it; they secured it

concuicuia he took it (repeatedly)

concuilia they take it from him

concuitihuetz she snatched it up, she seized

it suddenly

Page 20: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 20 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 20 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

concuitihui they go taking it

concuitimani they continue taking it

concuitiquiza they quickly snatch it

concuizque they will grasp it

concuizquia she would take it

conelcicihuiliz he will sigh for him

conetl child, girl

conetontli baby; child; girl; infant; small


conetzin child

conetzintli baby; child; little girl; children;

little child; small girl

conexiquipilti womb

coneyotl childishness, babyishness

conhuicaque they brought it

conhuicaya they took him

coni (may) he drink it

coni he drinks it

coni she drinks it; they drink if; they

drink it

conia they drank it

coniahua he raises it as an offering

conic he drank it

conichiqui he scrapes it

conichtacacalaquia he secretly puts it in, he

secretly takes it in

conicza she tramps on it, she steps on


conihua he sends him

conilhui he said it to him

coniltequi they sip it

conitia they have him drink it

conitiaya they had him drink it, they

made him drink it

conitizque they will make him drink it

conito she said it

conitoa he says it; she says it; they

say it

conitotihui they go saying it

conitqui they take it

conitta he looks upon it; he sees her;

he looks at her; he sees him;

he sees it

conitta they see him; they see it; they

study it

conittaque they saw it

conittaya he saw it; they saw him; they

saw it

conittaz he will discover it, he will see

it; he will experience it

coniyahua he raises it in dedication, he

raises it in offering, he offers

it; she raises him in

dedication; she raises him in

offering; she offers him; she

raises it in dedication; she

raises it in offering; she offers

it; they raise her in dedication;

they raise her in offering; they

offer her; they raise it in

dedication; they raise it in

offering; they offer it

coniz he will drink it; he is to drink it

coniz she will drink it, she is to drink


conizque they will drink it, they are to

drink it

conmaca he gives it to her, he offers it

to her; he gives it to him; he

gives it to it

conmaca they give it to him

conmacaque they gave it to him

conmacaya he gave it to him

conmama they carry it on their backs

conmana they lay it; they lay it down;

they lay it out

conmaquia he puts it on; they put it on


conmaquiaya he put it on; he placed it on


conmati he feels it; it feels it

conmatizque they will remember it

conmicti he killed them

conmictia they kill him, they slay him;

they kill it

conmocahuili they abandoned it there

conmochihuiliz he [h] will do it, he [h] will

bring it about

conmomaca he gives himself to it

conmonequiltiz he will ordain it, he will

determine it, he will will it

conmoquixtilia he [h] passes it, he [h] moves


connacaztequi they cut his ears

connamiquito they went to meet him

connepanoa it places it together

connequiz he will wish it, he will want it

connequizque they will want it, they will

require it

connotza they summon him, they call

out to him

connotzque they called to him

conoocotzohuia they apply pine resin to each


conpalo he tasted it

Page 21: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 21 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 21 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

conpaloltia she makes him taste it

conpinauhtiz it will shame him

conpoztec he broke it

conquechcotona they behead it

conquentia he covers it; they clothe him;

they clothe it; they cover it

conquetza he stands it up; she sets it up;

she stands it up

conquetzato they went to stand him up

conquixtia he passes it, he moves it

conteca he fills it, he pours it; he

places it; he spreads it out;

she places him; she lays him

down; she places it; they lay

her down; they stretch her out;

they lay her out; they lay him

down; they stretch him out;

they lay it down; they lay it

out; they place him; they place

it; they pour it; they spread

him out; they spread it out

contecac he laid him out; he laid it; she

filled it

contecaya he laid him out; she placed it

contema it places it

contepehua he scatters it; they cast it; they

scatter it; they cast them; they

scatter them; they spread it;

they toss it

contepehuaya they cast it, they scattered it;

they strewed it; they threw


contepeuhtitlalia they heap it up; they pile it up

contequia they cut it; they did cut it

contequilia she pours it on him; they

apply it to him; they cut it off of

her; they lay it out for him;

they place it on him; they

spread it out for him

contlalia he lays it, he places it; he

places them; she places it;

they place him; they place it;

they put it in its place; they set

it in place; they set it; they put


contlaliaya they placed it

contlalilia she places it on him

contlapaloa they greet her; they greet him

contlati he lit it, he set fire to it

contlatia they burn it

contlatlalilique they did put it on him

contlatlaxilia they throw it on him

contlatlaza they throw each one

contlaz she cast it, she threw it

contlaza he casts it, he throws it; they

cast it down; they throw it

down; they cast it; they throw


contlazaya they threw it, they cast it

contlazotla they love him

contlecahuia they set fire to it

contlecahuique they set fire to it

contoca it buries it

contocaya he buried it; it followed him

conxicoltique they clad him in a sleeveless

jacket, they put a sleeveless

jacket on him

conxochicozcati he placed flower garlands on


conzoa they stretch it out, they open it


copalli incense

copaltema they spread incense

copaltzintli incense, paltry incense

copalxalli coarse incense

cotaloa they croak

cotalotica they continue croaking, they

keep croaking

cotalotoc groaning

cotoni it parts, it breaks; it snaps

cotze he has calves (ie on his legs)

cotzehuatl band for the calf of the leg;

leather leg band; skin of the

calf of the leg

cotznacatl flesh of the calf of the leg

cotztetl calf of the leg

cotztili it impregnates her

cotztli calf of the leg

coxonqui powdered

coya he shells it

coyahuac broad, wide; enlarged;

extensive; distended; open;


coyametl peccary; pig

coyoehuatl coyote skin

coyohuia they cry out; they howl

coyohuitihuia they went howling

coyoichcamaxtlatl coyote fur breechcloth

coyoichcatilmatli coyote fur cape

coyoichcatl coyote-colored cotton

coyolli bell

coyolmichihua he makes awls

coyolomitl awl

coyoltic like the sound of a bell

coyonenemi they walk on all fours

Page 22: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 22 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 22 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

coyoni they open

coyonqui hollow; hollowed; perforated;

bored through; having a hole

coyotl coyote

coza they anoint him

cozahtli weasel

cozahuia it turns yellow

cozama weasel

cozamatl weasel

cozauhqui yellow; blond

cozcacuauhtetl vulture egg

cozcacuauhtli king vulture; vulture

cozcatl jewel, bead, necklace; neck


cozhuahuanqui striped with yellow

cozolco in a cradle; in the cradle

cozolli cradle

cozpahtic very yellow

cozpatic very yellow

cozpiltic very yellow

coztic yellow

coztlhotli yellow falcon

cozyayactic dark yellow

cuachichilihui the head becomes red, chili-


cuachichiltic having a chile-red head;

having a red head

cuachnamacac seller of large cotton capes

cuachpalan spoiled large cotton cape,

rotton large cotton cape

cuachpalaxtli spoiled large cotton cape,

rotton large cotton cape

cuachtli blanket; large cape; mantle

cuacoztli canvas-back

cuacuacuahue they have antennae

cuacuahue antled, having antlers;

antlered; bull; having thorns

cuacuahuini woodcutter

cuacualaca it boils; it cooks; it churns up;

it roars; it swirls; it thunders

cuacualacatoc he lay there rumbling; he

stretches out rumbling

cuacualacaz it will boil, it will cook

cuacualli good; wonderful

cuacualo chewable

cuacualoni chewable; edible

cuacualti beautiful

cuacualtzin good

cuacuauhnacatl flesh of cattle, beef

cuacuauhti eagles; it has a pain in its side

cuahcualli good

cuahuacatl pole

cuahuacazhuatl oak leaf

cuahuamatl coarse paper

cuahuic on a board; on wood; on a

cradle board

cuahuitl club, piece of wood; log;

wood; pine stick; pole; shrub;

staff; stick; stave; tree; tree

branch; forest; wooden stave

cuahuitl tetl castigation, punishment

cuahuitztic pointed on top; tapered

cuahuitztoton having a small pointed tip;

pointed at the ends

cuaiztac white-headed

cuaiztapatoton white-headed

cuaiztaque gray-headed; white-headed

cualani he becomes angry; it

becomes angry; it is angry;

she becomes angry; they are

angry; they become angry

cualanque they became angry; they were


cualantli hatred, anger

cualcan favorable time; good place;

good time; opportune time

cualittoya he was well regarded

cualli good; beautiful; fair;

handsome; favorable; fine;

proper; sound; well; pretty

cualneci it appears beautiful; it is

beautiful; it is good looking; it

looks good

cualnemilice pious

cualnemiliztli good life

cualnezcapol attractive

cualnezqui beautiful; good looking; of

good appearance; pleasing of

appearance; they are beautiful

cualo he is eaten; it is eaten

cualo they are eaten

cualocatl cancer

cualoni edible; edible things; food;


cualoni something to be eaten; source

of food; there is food

cualonime edible ones

cualoya it was eaten; they were eaten

cualoz it will be eaten

cualtepil tiny

cualteton tiny, minute

cualtia (may) it become good; he

becomes good; it became

good; it improves; it becomes

Page 23: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 23 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 23 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

good; it is improved

cualtin good

cualton average size; small

cuamalacachtic round at the top, having a top

like a spindle whorl

cuamalacachton round on top, having a top like

a small spindle whorl

cuamanqui v-shaped

cuanacame chickens

cuanacatl flesh of the head

cuanmaitl piece of wood

cuanmaxac tree crotch

cuanmecatica with heavy ropes, by means of

heavy ropes

cuaololtic having a round top

cuapatlachtic having a wide head

cuapazoltic having disheveled hair

cuapitzahua it becomes slender at the top

cuapitzahuac slender at the tip; slender at

the top; thin at the top

cuapohpoliuhtinemi he goes with tangled hair

cuapohpolpol having twisted hair

cuapopoltic tangle-haired

cuappachcintli tawny dried ear of maize

cuappachmaxtlatl tawny-colored breechcloth

cuappachtic tawny

cuappachtilmatli tawny cape

cuappachtli tawny(taw·ny (tô“n¶) n.

Color. A light brown to

brownish orange. [Middle

English, from Anglo-Norman

taune, variant of Old French

tane, from past participle of

taner, to tan. See TAN1.] --

taw“ni·ness n. --taw“ny


cuappachtototl squirrel cuckoo

cuappalcintli tan dried ear of maize

cuappantli hip

cuappetlatl eagle mat

cuappetlatl ocelopetlatl military establishment; realm

cuappiaztli eagle cane, eagle drinking


cuappitzauhqui harsh

cuappitztic harsh

cuatatapatic having unkempt hair

cuateconpol having a very pot-like head

cuatecontic having a large head; having a

pot-like head

cuatenamaztic having a large head

cuatepatlachtic having a broad head; wide-

headed; having a wide head

cuatequixicihuizpatli remedy for dandruff

cuatequixquiicihuiliztli dandruff

cuatequixquiicihuizpatli remedy for dandruff

cuatetextli brains

cuatextli brain

cuatezcatl mirror-head; purple gallinule

(gal·li·nule (g²l“…-

n›l”, -ny›l”) n. Any of

various wading and

swimming birds of the

family Rallidae,

frequenting swampy

regions and

characteristically having

dark, iridescent plumage

and a red bill tipped with

yellow. [Latin gallºnula,

pullet, diminutive of


cuatlahueliloc foolish

cuatolontic having a round top

cuatomahuac flaring at the top, thick at the

top; flaring toward the top;

thick-headed; having a thick


cuatzohmapol having matted hair

cuatzomatic having uncombed hair

cuatzontli skein (skein (sk³n) n.

1.a. A length of thread

or yarn wound in a loose,

elongated coil. b.

Something suggesting

the coil of a skein; a

complex tangle: a

twisted skein of lies. 2. A

flock of geese or similar

birds in flight. See

Synonyms at flock1.

[Middle English skeine,

from Old French

escaigne.]) cuauhacatl pole

cuauhazcatl tree ant

cuauhcalco in a wooden cage; in jail;

wooden jail; wooden cage

cuauhcali eagle house; warriors' house

Page 24: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 24 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 24 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cuauhcapolin american cherry

cuauhcaxtica by means of a wooden vessel

cuauhcelotl tender shoot of a tree

cuauhchicahuac strong tree

cuauhchimalli wooden shield

cuauhchochopitli woodpecker

cuauhcihuatl mature woman; valiant

woman; brave woman

cuauhcoyametl forest peccary

cuauhichcatl tree cotton

cuauhicxitl eagle foot

cuauhihhuitl eagle feather

cuauhnacatl eagle meat

cuauhnacayotl wood of the tree

cuauhnelhuatl tree root

cuauhneuctli bee honey; wild bee honey;

wild honey

cuauhocuili tree worm

cuauhocuiltin tree worms

cuauhpilli sapling

cuauhquezcomatl wooden grain bin

cuauhquimichi forest mouse

cuauhquimichin forest mouse

cuauhquiyahuac eagle gate

cuauhtanatli small wooden basket

cuauhte o eagle warriors

cuauhtechalotl tree squirrel

cuauhtemimilli cylinder of wood

cuauhtenco at the edge of the forest

cuauhtencolli eagle's curved bill

cuauhtenhuetzi he falls down exhausted; he

falls exhausted; she tumbles

cuauhtenhuetziz he will collapse

cuauhtepiton small tree

cuauhtepitztli hard tree; hard wood

cuauhtetepoyo having an eagle claw design

cuauhtetl firm tree

cuauhtextli sawdust

cuauhtic tall; bigger; grown; high; large;

long; mature; size; towering

cuauhtica with a club, by means of a

club; with staves; with clubs;

be means of clubs; by means

of clubs; with wooden staves;

by means of wooden staves

cuauhticatontli a little tall

cuauhticpac in the treetops; in tree-tops; in


cuauhtilac very thick

cuauhtitech on sticks

cuauhtiz he will be an eagle warrior; he

will become like a tree

cuauhtla forest

cuauhtlacacahuatl wild cacao

cuauhtlacatl woodsman

cuauhtlactli tree trunk

cuauhtlamazatl forest deer

cuauhtlanemi it lives in the forest

cuauhtlapitzalli flute

cuauhtlatoque governors; military governors

cuauhtlatzacuillotl eagle gate

cuauhtleconi tree-climber

cuauhtli eagle; eagle warrior; warrior

cuauhtlotli marsh hawk

cuauhtontli small stick; stick; sliver of


cuauhtzintli little tree; sapling; tree

cuauhuitztli thorn stick

cuauhxeloloni ax

cuauhxicalco in the eagle vessel

cuauhxicalli eagle vessel; wooden vessel

cuauhxincayotl woodcarving

cuauhxinque carpenters; woodcutters

cuauhxinqui carpenter; woodcarver;


cuauhxiuhatlapalli petal of a tree flower

cuauhyahualli round tree

cuauhyahualtic rounded tree

cuauhyo tall; wooded; having trees

cuaxicalli skull

cuaxipetztli bald pate (pate (p³t) n. 1.

The human head, especially

the top of the head: a bald

pate. 2. The intellect; one's

brains. [Middle English.] --

pat“ed adj), bald head

cuaxiquipiltic cuaitl-xiquipilli-tic

cuaxococihui his head itches

cuaxococihuiztli head abscess

cuaxolotl xolotl head

cuayahualtic having a round top

cuayahualtoton small and round on the tips

cuechahuac moist

cuechihui it becomes pulverized; it is


cuechiuhqui fine-textured

cuechpatic of very fine texture; very fine-

textured; very finely ground up

cuechtic fine; fine-textured; finely

ground up; pulverized; of fine

texture; porous; powdery

cuecuechca he quakes, he quavers; it


cuecuechihui it is very porous

Page 25: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 25 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 25 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cuecuechiuhqui finely ground up, pulverized

cuecuechpatic very finely ground up

cuecuechtic finely ground up; powdery;

very loose; very porous

cuecuel briefly, quickly

cuecueltic winding

cuecuepoca it blooms constantly; it

blossoms constantly; blooms

constantly; it crackles; it pops;

it shoots forth; it sputters

cuecuepocani one which shoots forth

cuecuepocaticac it stands blooming; it stands

constantly blossoming;


cuecuepocatimani it spreads blossoming

constantly, blooming


cuecuepocatoc it lies blossoming constantly,

blooming constantly; it

spreads constantly

blossoming; blooming

cuecueponticac it stands blossoming

cuecuepontimani it extends blossoming

cuecuepontoc it spreads blossoming

cuecuetlaca they crackle

cuecuetlaxtic hide-like

cuecueya frogs

cuecueyahua they radiate, they spread out

cuecueyoca it glistens

cueitl skirt

cuel briefly; quickly

cuel quickly; soon; briefly; then

cuele forthwith; again?; quickly;

forthwill; then

cueltic curved, doubled over

cuemitl agricultural land

cuepon it blossomed

cueponcayotl blossoming, opening

cueponi he blossoms; it blooms; it

blossoms; it bursts; it flowers;

it opens; it burst open; it

bursts forth; it bursts open; it


cueponi they bloom, they blossom

cueponini bloomer; blossomer

cueponiz it will blossom; it will flare up

cueponqui blossomed; in blossom;


cueponticac it stands blossoming

cuepontoc it lies blossoming, blooming; it

spreads blossoming

cuetlachtli wolf

cuetlanextic faded ashen color

cuetlapilhuiac long-tailed

cuetlaxcactli sandal made of cured leather

cuetlaxiuhqui leather-like

cuetlaxochitl poinsettia

cuetlaxtic leathery

cuetlaxtilmatli leather cape

cuetlaxtli cured leather; leather

cuetontli little skirt

cuetzpalcuani eater of lizards

cuetzpalcuitlatl lizard excrement

cuetzpali lizard

cuetzpalin lizard

cuetzpalli lizard

cuexcochtli nape of the neck

cueyame frogs

cueyatl frog

cueye huipille woman

cuezali flame-colored thing; scarlet-

macaw feather; red-macaw

feather; scarlet macaw

cuezcomatl corn bin, grain bin; maize bin;


cui:co there is singing, people sing

cuiatl frog

cuica he sings; it sings

cuica they sing

cuicaanqui one who leads the singing

cuicacalco in the song house

cuicacali song house

cuicacalli house of song

cuicaitoani singer who intones the chant

cuicamana they provide song

cuicani singer

cuicanime singers; musicians

cuicapiquini composer of songs; song


cuicatihui they go singing

cuicatilo there is singing

cuicatiuh he goes singing

cuicatl song; music; singing

cuicatlahuilli torch for singing

cuicatlaliani songwriter

cuicatlaza they loose the song

cuicatoque they sat singing

cuicaz he will sing

cuichectic blackish, sooty

cuichehuac blackish, sooty; dark; dusky

cuico there is singing; people sing

cuicoanaliztli song

cuicoya there was singing; people


Page 26: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 26 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 26 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

cuicuica it sings constantly

cuicuica they each sing; they sing

cuicuicani constant singer

cuicuico there is singing in each place

cuicuilihui it becomes varicolored

cuicuilpatic quite varicolored

cuicuiltic spotted; varicolored

cuicuitzcatl barn swallow

cuihua it is taken

cuilchiltentli edge of the anus

cuillotic thin

cuiquiztli singing

cuitihuecho he is quickly seized, he is

quickly captured

cuitlaazcatl dung ant

cuitlachehuatl wolf skin

cuitlachhuehue old bear

cuitlachtic wolf-like

cuitlachtli bear; wolf

cuitlacochin curve-billed thrasher

cuitlacochtototl curve-billed thrasher

cuitlahuaquiztli dry excrement

cuitlananaca slothful

cuitlanexehuac faded ashen color

cuitlanexiuhtinemi he goes wallowing in

ordure(or·dure (ôr“j…r) n.

1. Excrement; dung. 2.

Something morally offensive;

filth. [Middle English, from Old

French, from ord, filthy, from

Latin horridus, frightful, from

horr¶re, to shudder.])

cuitlanexpol filthy

cuitlanextic ashen; ashen green; ash-

colored; dark ashen; faded

ashen color; having an ashen


cuitlaolol having a round back

cuitlaololtic having a round back; having a

rounded back

CUITLAPA:YOTL flying dung beetle

cuitlapachtic low-backed; squat

cuitlapalaniliztli indigestion

cuitlapan on your back

cuitlapanaatetl testicle

cuitlapanaayecotli testicle

cuitlapanton hunched shoulder

cuitlapatlachtic having a broad back; wide-


cuitlapicic having a small back

cuitlapicictic having a very small back

cuitlapilcocoltic having a long, curved tail

cuitlapile tailed, having a tail

cuitlapilhueyac long-tailed

cuitlapilhuiac having a long tail; long-tailed

cuitlapilhuiacapil having a rather long tail

cuitlapilhuiyac long-tailed

cuitlapillanqui extending toward the tail

cuitlapilli tail

cuitlapilli atlapalli common folk; vassal

cuitlapiltetepontic stub-tailed, having a stubby

tail; stubby tail

cuitlapiltin tails

cuitlapiltzatzapal having a streaked tail

cuitlapiltzatzapaliuhqui the tail is as if streaked

cuitlapiltzatzapaltic having a streaked tail

cuitlapilyahualtic having a rounded tail

cuitlapoxcahuilizili mouldy excrement

cuitlatecomatl stomach

cuitlatemoli dung beetle

cuitlatetemalli purulent (pu·ru·lent

(py‹r“…-l…nt, py‹r“y…-) adj.

Containing, discharging, or

causing the production of pus:

a purulent infection. [Middle

English purulente, from Old

French purulent, from Latin

p¿rulentus, from p¿s, p¿r-,

pus. See pü- below.] --

pu“ru·lent·ly adv.)


cuitlatexcalhuaquiztli hardened excrement

cuitlatexotic silvery

cuitlatitimalli purulent excrement

cuitlatitlan in dung; in excrement

cuitlatl corruption, excrement; dung;


cuitlatzcocopic very careless

cuitlatzcopic careless

cuitlaxcolli entrails; intestine; intestines

cuitlaxoxoctic green-backed

cuitlayo dirty, filthy

cuix perchance, perhaps

cuixi plover

cuixihhuitl hawk feather

cuiyatl frog

eacalli three boats

ecacehuaztli fan

ecachichina it sucks in air

ecatetzahua it hardens in the air

ecatl wind

ecatototl hooded


Page 27: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 27 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 27 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

r (m…r-g²n“s…r) n. Any of

various fish-eating diving

ducks of the genus Mergus or

related genera, having a slim,

hooked bill. Also called

sheldrake. [New Latin : Latin

mergus, diver (from mergere,

to plunge) + Latin ³nser,

goose; see ghans- below.])

ecauhtic airy

echichilli red bean

ecoztapayolli yellow bean ball

ecoztli yellow bean

ecuicuilli mottled bean

eecatl wind

eei three

eexcan in three places

eheca there is wind

ehecatl wind; air

ehecatlan windy place

ehecatle o wind

ehezhuahuanqui striped blood-red

ehua bean owner

ehuac it rose

ehuachimalli leather shield

ehuah bean owner

ehuatanatli small leather basket

ehuatl shirt; skin

ehuayo barked, having bark

ehuayo having a skin; having bark

ehuayocanahuac thin-skinned

ehuayotilahuac thick hulled; thick-barked;


ei three

eilhuitl three days

eintin three

eixtin three

elacaliuhiantli sternal groove

elcicihui he sighs

elcicihuia she signed

elcicihuiliztli sigh

elcicihuini one who sighs

elcicihuiztli sigh

elcozauhqui very yellow-breasted

elcoztic yellow-breasted; yellow-


elehuilizio desirable

elehuiliztli desire

eliztac white-breasted; white-bellied

elnacatl flesh of the chest

elotl ear of green maize; green ear

of maize; green ear of maize

or corn; green ear of corn;

green maize ear; green maize

elotlaxcalli green maize tortilla

elotototl blue


(gr½s“b¶k”) n. Any of various

finches of the family

Fringillidae of Europe and

America, having a thick,

conical bill. [Partial translation

of French grosbec : gros,

thick, large (from Old French;

see GROSS) + bec, beak.])

elozacatl maize stalk, corn stalk; maize

straw; corn straw

elpoccoztic having a smoky yellow belly

eltapachtli liver

eltepicicitli sternum

emapan three arms spans

enamacac bean seller

epalaxtli spoiled bean, rotten bean

epatl skunk

epoalxihuitl sixty years

eptli oyster; pearl

epyollotli pearl

etetl three

etic heavy, burdensome

eticpatic very heavy

etl bean

etlaxoz there will be planting of beans

etlazaloz there will be planting of beans

excampa nacace triangular

excan three parts; three places

exihuitl three years

exotl green bean; string bean

exoyo string beans

exoyoa it forms a bean

expa three times; thrice

ezaxixtli bloody urine

ezcocotli blood vessel

ezcuahuaqui dried, hardened blood

ezcuicuiltic mingled with blood

ezhuahuanqui striped blood-red

ezhuaqui dried blood

ezio bloody

ezo bloody

ezpanitl blood banner

ezpetlatl red reed mat

ezquiza her blood flows

eztecpatl blood-flint, blood-stone

eztemalli bloody pus

Page 28: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 28 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 28 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

eztenqui full of blood

eztetl bloodstone

eztic blood colored; blood-colored

eztica with blood

eztli blood

eztli tlapalli nobility

ezzo bloody, stained with blood;

having blood

haatlihua there is drinking; people drink

hahuicmichi fresh fish

hamo no, not

hatle nothing

hetic heavy

hi this

hicotoca he snores

hiilhuichihua they each carry out the feast

hiilhuitlamati they each celebrate the feast

hitla something

hiyac stinking

huac it dried

huacalihui it becomes concave; it

becomes hollowed

huacaliuhqui hollowed; having gorges

huacaltic concave; having ravines;

having concavities; hollowed

huaccatlatlaciztli dry cough

huacqui dried; dry

huahuacca dry place

huahualaca they growl

huahuanqui striped

huahuanti striped ones

hualaci he arrives; he arrives here; it

arrives; it reaches; they arrive;

they reach

hualacia it reached, it arrived; they


hualaniz it will break out

hualcalac he entered; it entered

hualcalacque they entered

hualcalactihuetzia they entered swiftly

hualcalactihuetzque they quickly entered

hualcalaqui they enter; they enter here

hualcalaquia he entered; they entered

hualcalaquizque they will enter

hualcaquizti it is clearly heard

hualcueponi it bursts forth

hualehuaque they departed

hualhuetz he fell

hualhuetzi it falls; it falls out; it tumbles

down; it falls down; they fall

hualhui they come

hualhuicoque they were brought

hualhuiloa people go back; there is going


hualhuiloaz there will be coming, people

will come

hualhuilohuaya there was coming, people


hualiiza he awakes

hualitto it is seen

hualixhua it sprouts

hualla it came

huallacat he was born

huallacuepaya they turned back

huallami it ends, it is ended

huallaque they came; they arrived; they

came back

huallathui dawn comes

huallathui it dawns; day breaks

huallathuic dawn came

huallathuih dawn comes

huallathuiz it will dawn, it is about to

dawn, day is about to break

huallatoa he speaks

huallauh it came; it comes

huallayahualoa they make a circle

huallaz he will come; he will return; it

will come

huallaznequi it threatens, it wants to come

hualmehua he arises, he gets up

hualmeya it exudes, it flows out

hualmeyaz it will flow out, it will come out

hualmitotiaya he came forth to dance; they


hualmitotitiuh he goes dancing

hualmocuepa he turns back; they turn

around; they turn back; they


hualmocuepaz he will return

hualmomanaya they remained

hualmonextia she appears

hualmoquetza it sets in

hualmoteca it extends itself; it stretches


hualmotlalia she sits down; they sit down

hualmotlaloa they run

hualmotoxahua it gushes out

hualmoxixtoc it lies excreting

hualnacaztlachie he looks to one side

hualneaxixalo there is urination

hualneci it appears; it issues; it shows;

it shows through; they appear

hualnecuepalo people return, there is


Page 29: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 29 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 29 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

hualnemanalo there is setting out; there is


hualneneci it appears

hualnetlalolo there is flight, there is running

hualnoquilo it is poured out

hualoquichehua he acquits himself as a man

hualpehua he begins; he starts forth; he

departs; he sets forth; he

starts; it begins; it starts forth;

they start forth; they started;

they set forth

hualpeuhque they started forth

hualpinauhtiloc he was shamed

hualpozoni they swell up

hualquiz it came up, it rose

hualquiza he comes forth; he comes up;

he departs; he goes out; he

emerges; he goes forth; he

rises; it came up; it comes

forth; it comes out; it comes

up; it rises; it emerges; it

issues; it rises (e g; sun); she

comes forth; they come forth;

they come out; they emerge;

they go forth; they go out

hualquizaya he came out, he emerged; he

rose; it rose (ie; sun); it came

out; they came forth; they

went forth

hualquizaz it will come forth; it will rise [ie;

sun]; it will come out; it will

emerge; it is about to emerge

hualquizque they came forth; they went

forth; they will come forth

hualquiztica he is going forth

hualquiztiquizque they will leave quickly

hualtemo it came down, it descended;

they climb down; they

descend; they come down

hualtemoa they came down, they

descended; they descend

hualtemoc it decended

hualtemoya they descended

hualtemozque they will descend

hualtzatzi they shout out

hualtzatzitoc it lies crying out

hualyaocalaquia they entered during war

huapactic firm, stiff; hard; rough

huapahua it hardens; it is rough

huapahuac firm; stiff; hard; stern; hardy;

rough; coarse; rugged; rigid;


huapahualiztli stiffness

huapahualo they are raises

huapahualoni rearing

huapalli base; beam; board; plank

huapalpan on the board

huapalteconi suitable for being cut into


huapaltic like a wooden beam

huapaltilahuac thick beam; thick board

huapaltontli thin board

huapalxacalli plank house

huaqui dry; it becomes lean; it dries; it

becomes thin; it dries off; it

dries up; it withers; it hardens;

they dry

huauhnamacac amaranth seed seller

huauhpalaxtli spoiled amaranth seed

huauhpixoloz amaranth seed will be cast

huauhquilitl amaranth green

huauhquiltamalli tamal stuffed with greens

huauhtli amaranth; amaranth seed

huauhtzontli amaranth head; head of


huayolcayotl kinship

hueca far; far away; at a distance;

distant; from a distance; deep;

profound; extensive; high

hueca yauh it lengthens

huecahuaque they tarried (tar·ry1 (t²r“¶)

v. tar·ried, tar·ry·ing,

tar·ries. --intr. 1. To delay

or be late in going, coming, or

doing. See Synonyms at

stay1. 2. To wait. 3. To

remain or stay temporarily, as

in a place; sojourn. --tr.

Archaic. 1. To wait for; await.

--tar·ry n. A temporary stay;

a sojourn. [Middle English

tarien.] --tar“ri·er n.), they


huecahuaz he will grow old, he will linger

huecapan high

huecapan tall

huecapanihui (may) it grow, (may) it

increase; it increases; it grows

huecatlan deep; depth

huecauh times of old, remote times

huehca far away; afar

huehcahualoya place to grow old in

huehue old man; aged man; old men;

old; aged; ole

huehueca far apart

Page 30: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 30 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 30 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

huehuecuahuitl old tree

huehuei big; great; large; grown; long

huehueinti great; large

huehueintin aged; great; grown people;

important; large; old; old

people; old ones

huehueipopol very large

huehueitlaca grown people, mature people;

old people

huehuelic always tasty; of pleasing odor

huehuemicoa there is death for the old men

huehuento little old man

huehuentzin old man; revered old man

huehuentzitzin esteemed old men; old men

huehueti he grows old; they become

old men

huehuetiz he will become an old man; he

will grow old

huehuetl drum; ground drum; upright

cylindrical drum; skin drum

huehuetlaca old people, ancient people

huehuetlacatl old man; aged man

huehuetlatolli counsel of the elders; words

of the old men

huehuetque ancient ones; ancients

huehuetque old men; ancients; old people

huehuetqueh old men

huehuetzca it laughs; it laughs heartily

huehuetzonani drum beater

huehuetzonqui ground drum beater, one who

beats a ground drum

huehuetzotzonalo there is drum beating

huehuetztoc cast down, cast about; it is

strewn about

huehueyac each one long; long

huei big; great; large; important;

greatly; expansive; main;

principal; grown; massive; old;

long; major; mature

huei size

huei atenco ocean shore, seashore

huei atl lagoon; sea

huei mapilli thumb

hueipol large; big; quite large; very


hueitepol big; big and coarse; huge;

large; very large

hueitontli a little large; a little long;

rather large

hueiya he becomes large; it becomes

large; it grows big; it quickens;

it grows; they become large

hueiyaz he will grow

huel indeed, really

huel quite, very; really

huel very; great; much; really;

completely; well

huelic delicious; fragrant; good

smelling; good-tasting; of

pleasant odor; of pleasing

odor; pleasing; savory; good

tasting; sweet; tasty; xavory

huelique savory; they are savory

huelitolo he is liked, he is spoken well


huellacaconemi he lives in bliss, in peace

huellacaqui they are obedient

huellacatlacua it eats like a human being

huellachia it sees well; it watches

carefully; they look well; they

look carefully

huellacuaz she will eat well, she is to eat


huellaiximatia they had good knowledge

huellaiximatini one who is very learned

huellamati they are satisfied

huellatzcueponi it explodes

huellazotli very precious

huelpahtic very tasty

huelpatic very good-tasting; very tasty

hueltic good-tasting; tasty

huenchihualiztli the making of offerings

huentli gift; offering

huepanmecatl heavy rope

huetz he fell

huetz it ended; it fell

huetzco there is laughter, people laugh

huetzi he falls; he falls down; it

descends; it drops; it falls; it

drops out; it ends; it fires; it

goes off; it goes; it goes away;

it is expelled; it sheds off; it

fires (e g; gun); it discharges;

it strikes [ie; gun]; she settles

huetzi they fall

huetzia he fell; it fell

huetzico he came to fall; it came to fall

huetzitiuh he goes to fall

huetzito he went to fall; it went to fall

huetziz he will fall; it will descend; it

will fall; it will end; it will go

huetzizque they will fall

huetzquili:lo make s.o. laugh

huetzquililo there is occasion for mirth

Page 31: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 31 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 31 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

huetzquiztli laughter; smile; laugh

huetztihuitz it quickly settled

huetztoc cast down, cast away; he is

lying down; he was lying

down; it is spread out; it lies

fallen; stretched out; lying


huexihua one who has co-parents-in-


huexihue one who has co-parents-in-


huexocanauhtli black-crowned night heron

huexolotl turkey cock; turkey-cock

huexotl willow

hueya (may) it grow, (may) it


hueya it enlarges; it grows; it grows

large; it is big; it increases; it


hueyac big; high; long; tall

hueyacapil small and long

hueyaquia it grows long; it lengthens; it


hueyatl lagoon

huezacotl kangaroo rat

hui they go; they depart; they


hui:lohua go

huiac high; long; tall

huiacapil a little long; small and long

huiacapol very long

huiacatontli rather long; small and long

huiaquia it lengthens, it becomes long

huico he is carried off; she is taken;

she is borne; she is carried;

they are brought; they are


huicoc she was taken away, she was

carried off

huicoz he will be carried off

huictli digging stick; hoe

huih they go

huihui they each go; they disperse;

they individually go

huihuiac each one long; long

huihuiacapipil a little long

huihuiacatotonti rather long

huihuilanqui creeper

huihuilantica it is dragging

huihuiloa there is departing on the part

of each one; there is

dispersing; there is dispersing

on the part of each one; there

is going on the part of each

one; they disperse

huihuiloac there was going on the part of

each one

huihuilohua there is departing on the part

of each one; there is going of

various people

huihuiteco he is beaten

huihuitztic each one pointed; jagged;

pointed; spiny; thorny

huihuitzyo spiny; thorny

huihuiyac long

huihuiyoca he quivers, he trembles; it


huilame cripples

huilantoc it lies dragging; it lies

stretched out; it lies reaching

outward; it lies strung out; she

lies outstretched

huiloa everyone goes; one goes;

people go; there is going;

there is departing

huiloatz people come, there is coming

huiloaya one went, people went

huilohuaya people go, there is going

huilotl dove; mourning dove

huipilli blouse; blouse (of indigenous

women); shift

huiptla the day after tomorrow

huiptlatica every third day

huiteco he is struck by lightning; they

are struck; they are struck by

a thunderbolt; they are struck

by lightning

huitecoc it was struck; it was struck by


huitecoya he was struck by lightning

huitlatzpatic very long

huitlatztic very long

huitomi it crumbles; it falls

huitz he comes

huitz it comes; it falls (ie; day); it


huitz she comes

huitze they come; they come back

huitzilatenco southern seashore

huitzitzili hummingbird

huitzitzilin hummingbird

huitzitziltetl opal

huitzitzilti hummingbirds

huitzitziltzin hummingbird

Page 32: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 32 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 32 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

huitzmallochihua he makes needles

huitzmallonamacac needle seller

huitzmallotl needle

huitzquilitl thistle

huitztequi they cut maguey spines

huitztequiliztli the cutting of maguey spines

huitztic pointed; sharp

huitztica with a maguey thorn, by

means of a maguey thorn;

with a thorn; by means of a

thorn; with maguey spines;

using maguey spines

huitztli maguey spine, thorn; maguey

thorn; spine

huitztontli sharp and pointed; small and


huitzyo spiny, thorny

huiya they went

huiyac long humans; we men

iacapitzac his reed stalk

iach his older brother

iacol his upper arms

iacolyacac tips of the wing-bends

iacoquizaya his exaltation

iahahuitz its wing tips

iahaz its wings

iahuayo its thorns

iahui his aunt

iahuihuan her aunts

ialtepeuh his city

iamacal her paper crown; his paper


iamatlapal its blades; its leaf; its leaves;

its wings

iamatlapalton its little leaves

iamatlapaltoton its little leaves

iamatlatqui his paper adornment; his

paper raiment; his paper

vestment; his paper

vestments; paper vestments

iamox his book, his almanac

ianima her soul; his soul

iapitzal his diarrhea

iatenco her water's edge

iatlapal its fins; its leaf; its leaves; its

wing; its wings

iatlapalio its leafiness, its leaves

iatlapalpan on its wings

iatlapaltitech on its wing; on its wings

iatlauhyacac her vagina

iatzin his water

iauh his drink

iaxca her belongings; her

possession; his belongings;

his goods; his possession; his

property; its possession; their


iaxcatzin his (h) possession; his (h)

property; his (h) treasure

iaxix his urine

iayacach his gourd rattle

iayauhxicol his mist jacket

iayo her water

iayo its broth; its juice; its liquid; its


iayohuachio its seeds

ic be means of, with it; by it; by

means of it

ic hence

ic in order that; in order to

ic purpose, reason; so that; so;

thus; thereby; as a result;

therefore; because of it;

because of this; for this

reason; in this way; hence

ic whereof, whereby, therefore;

with it; by means of it; with

this; thus

ica because of him, about him

ica sometime; with it; over it; with

its use

icac he stands; her sandals; his

sandal; his sandals; it stands;

it is; she stands

icaca he stood

icaca it stood; it was

icaca they stood

icacahuauh his chocolate

icacalaquian its various entering places

icacamanal his joke

icacapollo its berries

icahuaca it twitters

ical her house; his house

ical its hive; its nest

icalaquia its place of entrance

icalaquiampa its place of setting, its place of


icalaquian his place of entry; its place of

setting; its place of entering

icalaquiyan its place of setting, its place of


icalitic in his house; within his home

icallo its setting

icalpixcacal his treasury storehouse

Page 33: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 33 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 33 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

icamac his mouth; in his mouth; in its

mouth; its mouth

icamachaloan its jaws

icamacpa by his mouth, from his mouth;

his mouth

icampa behind him; behind his back;

behind it

icanahuacan his temples; on his temples

icanauh his duck

icapollo its berries

iccen finally, once and for all; for the

last time

icecentetl each one

iceceyaca each one

icel alone, by himself; by itself; he

alone; singly

icel only, alone; plain;

unaccompanied; she alone;

singly; by itself

icelica his tenderness, his freshness

iceltzin he alone; only he; he himself

icemilhuitl all day

icentequiuh their complete function

ichamatl maguey fiber paper

ichan her home; her abode; her

house; his dwelling place; his

home; his house; his houses;

home; its dwelling; its dwelling

place; its home; its habitat; its

hive; its burrow; its nest; its

house; their dwelling place;

their home; their homes; their


ichantzinco his home; his house

ichayatl coarse maguey fiber cape

ichcactli sandal made of maguey fiber

Ichcacuahuitl Mesoamerica

a woody perennial tree

ichcacuitlatl sheep dung, sheep excrement

ichcacuitlayo cotton waste

ichcame sheep (pl); sheep [pl]

ichcatl cotton

ichcatlahuapahualli reinforcement of cotton,

reinforced cotton

ichcatlapochintli carded cotton

ichcatontli small piece of cotton

ichcauh her cotton

ichicahualiz its power, its strength

ichicahualizo its strength

ichicahuaz his rattle stick

ichichihual her breast

ichichihualayo her milk

ichichitica with its saliva, by means of its


ichimal her shield; his shield; its shield

ichio stringy

ichiquiz its rubbing

ichmaxtlatzintli maguey fiber breechcloth

ichochol its dewclaws (dew·claw

(d›“klô”, dy›“-) n. A

vestigial digit or claw not

reaching the ground and

found on the feet of certain

mammals. [Origin unknown,

perhaps from alteration of

toe.] --dew“clawed” adj.)

ichoquiz his weeping

ichoquiztlatol his word of sorrow

ichpocatoton young women

ichpoch his daughter

ichpocheque relatives of the girl

ichpochtlahueliloc evil young woman

ichpochtli daughter; girl; maiden; virgin

ichpochtontli baby girl; girl; maiden

ichpochtotoli turkey pullet, young turkey


ichpochtotolin young turkey hen

ichpochtzintli maiden

ichpopochpipil unmarried girls

ichpopochti maidens; young women

ichpopochtzitzinti maidens

ichtaca secret; secretly

ichtacacalaquia they entered secretly

ichtacatlatolli secret

ichtec he stole

ichtecque thieves

ichtequi he steals; it steals

ichtequiliztli theft

ichtequiz he will steal

ichtequizque they will steal, they will

commit a robbery

ichtic fibrous; wiry

ichtica with maguey fiber thread; with

maguey thread; by means of

maguey thread

ichtilmatli maguey fiber cape

ichtli maguey fiber

iciahuia place of fatigue

iciahuiz her fatigue; his fatigue

icicani that which pants

icihuahuan his women

icihuamon her daughter-in-law

icihuatlatqui her equipment of women, her

woman's belongings; her

Page 34: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 34 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 34 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

womanly belongings

icihuauh his wife

icihuaxic her female navel

icihuayo her uterus; her vagina; her


iciquiztli the act of panting

icitzin his beloved grandmother

iciuhca hurriedly, quickly; quick; at

once; immediately; in haste;

promptly; soon; speedily;

suddenly; swift; swiftly

iciuhcatlacatl impetuous person

icnimmoyactli withdrawal of friends

icniuh his friend

icnocalli humble house

icnocuauhtli humble eagle warrior; poor

eagle warrior

icnohuehue miserable old man; poor old

man; poor old men

icnohuehuetque poor old men

icnoilama miserable old woman; poor

old woman; poor old women

icnoilamayotl misery of old women

icnonemiliztli humble life

icnoocelotl humble ocelot warrior; poor

ocelot warrior

icnopiltzintli orphan

icnotepilhuan poor sons, poor children

icnotlaca needy people; poor people

icnotlacatl humble person; indigent

person; miserable; miserable

man; miserable person; needy

person; poor man; orphan;

poor person

icnotlacatzintli very poor person

icnotlacayotl misery; orphanhood

icnoyotl mischance, misery; poverty;


icoatlan its fangs

icoatzin his little snake, his little


icochia her sleeping place

icochian her sleeping place

icochiz his sleep

icocol his ailment

icocolizyo its ailments, its sicknesses

icocouh its throat

icohuacualocauh his snakebite

icohuahuan his guests, his invited ones

icol his grandfather

icoltzin his beloved grandfather

iconetzin his dear child

iconeuh her child; her son; his child

icopal his incense

icotocatoc snoring

icozqui his jewel

icpac at the top of it; on top of it

icpal his seat

icpaltiz he will have a seat

icpatl thread

icpitl firefly

icuac at its head; at the end

icuac its tip; on his head; on its

head; on its top; on the end of

it; to its top

icuac when; as; at that time; at the

time of; at this time; the time

of; then; thereupon; this time

icuachichiquil its crest

icuacuauh his horns; its antlers

icuaihhuiyo its head feathers

icualan his anger

icuanepantla crown of his head; on the

crown of his head; the crown

of his head

icuauh his club, his piece of wood; his


icuauh iteuh his punishment, his


icuauhyo its handle; its stalk; its stalks;

its stem; its vine; its vines

icuaxical its skull

icue her skirt; her skirts

icuech its rattle; its rattles

icuepca its reply

icueponca its blossom; its blossoming; its


icueton her little skirt

icuexanco in her lap

icuezcon her grain bin

icuic her song; his song

icuicanyo his songs

icuitl his excrement; his offal; its


icuitlapampa from his rectum; his rectum; in

his rectum; in the rectum; on

its back

icuitlapan its under surface; on her back;

on his back; on its back; on

their back

icuitlapanpa from his anus

icuitlapil his tail; its tail

icuitlapil iiatlapal his common people

icuitlapilco at its tail; at its tail end; in its

Page 35: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 35 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 35 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


icuitlapiltitech on its tail

icuitlapilyac the point of its tail

icuitlatetepon its spine, its backbone

icuitlaxcol his intestine; his intestines; its

entrails; its intestines

icxi her feet; his feet; his foot; his

leg; his legs

icxi its feet; its legs; its foot

icxic on her feet; on his feet; on its


icxicocolli foot ailment; leg swelling; leg


icxicoztic having yellow legs

icxihueyaquia the leg becomes very long,

the leg lengthens

icximimiquiz his feet will be numbed

icxiohtli path

icxitl foot

icxitlan at the foot of it

iczotilmaxixipetztli shiny palm leaf fiber cape

iehuayo her skin; his skin; its bark; its

hide; its skin

ielchiquiuh his chest

ielpan its belly, its breast; on its


ielpanehua its chest

iexoyo its bean; its pod

ieyo its bean

iezyo his blood

iezzo his blood; its blood; their blood

ihcac it stands, it is

ihcica he is out of breath, he pants; it


ihcoyoca it crackles

ihcuac at that time; at the time; at this

time; then; when; when when;

as; while; at a time; at some

time; at once; during;

forthwith; in that time;

thereupon; whenever

ihhuicalli house of feathers

ihhuinamacac feather seller

ihhuipapalotl feather down butterfly

ihhuitelolotli ball of feathers

ihhuitic feather-like

ihhuitica with feathers; by means of

feathers; feathered; using


ihhuitilahuac heavy feathered

ihhuitilmatli feather cape

ihhuitl feather

ihhuitlachihualli feather work; feather creation

ihhuitlacuilolli feather mosaic, feather design

ihhuitopilli feathered staff

ihhuitzahua she spins feathers

ihhuitzoncal his feather headdress; his

feathered headdress

ihhuitzoncalli feather headdress

ihhuiyo feathered, having feathers; its

feathers; plumage;


ihhuiyotilahuac having thick feathers; heavy


ihhuizaloliztli feather gluing

ihichtequiz he will steal

ihicxe it has feet

ihilihuizti she is inconsiderate

ihixtelolohua having eyes

ihiyo his breath, his spirit

ihiyoquiza it perspires

ihiyotica with its breath, by means of

his breath

ihiyotl breath; spirit

ihiyotzin his breath, his spirit

ihiztaquiltic light green

ihiztlacati he lies constantly; he tells lies;

it is a liar; liar

ihiztlacatizque they will tell lies

ihquitiliztli weaving

ihquitiz she will weave

ihtic inside it

ihticoyoni it is hollow inside

ihtitl belly

ihtlacauh it became corrupted

ihua it is drunk

ihualoni drink

ihuan and; also; with him

ihuan with it, and

ihuani drink; drinkable; potable;

something to be drunk; there

is drink

ihuanyolque his kin, his relatives; his

kinsmen; their kin; their


ihuanyolqui her kinsman

ihuauhyo its amaranth seeds

ihuayolque her kinsmen

ihuehueihuan his old men

ihuehueyohuan his old men

ihueimaxtli his large breechcloth

ihuelica its scent, its odor

ihuelmach his pleasure

ihueltiuh his older sister

Page 36: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 36 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 36 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ihuen his offering

ihuetzian his place of reclining; its place

of falling

ihueyilhuiuh his great festival

ihui it is similar; like; as

ihuian at his leisure, without haste;

calm; calmly; in peace;

peacefully; carefully;

cautiously; gently; quietly;

gradually; little by little; in


ihuian meekly, peacefully; peace;

peaceful; in peace; in

tranquility; quietly; silently;

slowly; calmly; cautiously;little

by little; gently; carefully;

gradually; tranquilly; softly

ihuian unobtrusively; without haste;


ihuianioque those who are peaceful

ihuiantzin meekly, peacefully

ihuic to him, toward him; toward it;

towards it

ihuical with it, accompanying it

ihuicpa near it; to him; toward him; to

them; toward them; toward

her; toward it; to it

ihuin thus

ihuinti he gets drunk

ihuinti she gets drunk; they become

intoxicated; they get drunk

ihuintia they became besotted, they

got drunk

ihuintic drunk, intoxicated; he became

drunk; he became intoxicated;

he got drunk

ihuintiliztli drunkenness

ihuintitinemi she goes about drunk

ihuintitl drinker, drunkard

ihuintiztli drunkenness

ihuipil her shift; her blouse; her shifts

ihuipilton her little blouse

ihuitenhuahuanqui striped with feathers

ihuitz her thorns; his maguey spine;

his maguey spines; his thorns

ihuitzo its thorns

ihuiyan calmly; peacefully; peaceful;


ihyac aromatic; stinking

ihyalpatic extremely foul smelling

ihyaya it stinks

iiahui his aunt

iiahuiltoca his derisive name

iiahuitzin his beloved aunt

iiahuiyaca its scent

iiamamaxtli its paper breechcloth

iiamatlapal its leaves; its petals; its wings

iiamatlapalto its little leaves

iiatlapal his wing; its leaves; its wings

iiauh his water

iiaxca her property; her realm; his

possession; his property

iiaxcatzin his (h) possession, his (h)


iiaxix her urine

iiayocali his house of tears

iichpochtontli maiden

iicnihuan its companions

iicniuh his friend

iicxi his foot; his leg; its foot

iicxic on her legs

iiehuayo her skin; its skin; its hide

iielpan his chest, his breast

iiezzo his blood; its blood

iihhuiyo its feathers

iihtztica it remains looking

iilhuiuh his feast day

iiohhui her road, her way; its road; its


iiohui its way, its path

iiomio his bones; its bones; its


iithualco his courtyard; in his courtyard

iiti her abdomen; her abdomen

[ie; her labor pains]; her

womb; its abdomen; its belly;

its insides

iitic between them; his stomach; in

him; in his stomach; in it;

inside it; in the center of it; in

the middle of it; in the middle;

in the midst of it; in the midst

of them; in their midst; inside

him; within him; its center; its

interior; its intestines; on its

belly; within her; within it

iititzin her abdomen

iitla his uncle

iitzqui active

iiusticia its justice

iix her eye; his eye

iix its eye

iix inacaz her mediator

iixayo its tears

Page 37: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 37 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 37 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

iixco in front of him, before him; in

his face; at his face; on his

face; on its surface

iixhuacan its sprouting place

iixhuaya its sprouting place

iixiptla his image; his impersonator

iixpan before her, in front of her; in

her presence; before him; in

front of him; in his presence

iixpantzinco before him, in front of him; in

his presence

iiztaya it becomes white; it whitens; it


iizti his fingernail, its claw; its

claws; its nails

iiztlac his lie

ilacatztic spiraled

ilama old woman; old women

ilamamicoa there is death for the old


ilamanemiliztli life of an old woman

ilamapipil old women

ilamapol poor old woman

ilamati they become old women

ilamatiz she will become an old


ilamatlaca old women

ilamatlacatl noble old woman; old woman

ilamatlahueliloc evil old woman

ilamato little old woman

ilamaton little old woman

ilamatotoli old turkey hen

ilamatoton old women

ilamatque old women

ilamatzin little old woman; old woman;

respected old woman

ilamatzitzin esteemed old women; old


ilamayohua her old women

ilamayohuan his old women

ilaquiloz he will be drowned

ilhuicaapan in the ocean; in the sea

ilhuicaatenco ocean shore, seashore;


ilhuicaatl ocean; sea

ilhuicaaxalli ocean sand

ilhuicaaxaltitlan in the ocean sand

ilhuicac heaven

ilhuicac in heaven; in the sky

ilhuicacihua celestial women

ilhuicacihuatl celestial woman, heavenly

woman; woman of the


ilhuicateotl god of the heavens

ilhuicatitech in the heavens

ilhuicatl heaven; heavens; in heaven

ilhuichihualo a feast is held

ilhuilo he is addressed; it is said to

him; it is said; it is told

ilhuiloc it was said

ilhuiloque they were told

ilhuiloya he was told; he was advised;

it was said; it was said to her;

she was told; it was said to

him; they were told

ilhuiquixtililoya his feast day was celebrated

ilhuitl day, feast day; feast; his

desert; his merit

ilhuitlalo a feast day is celebrated; the

feast is celebrated

ilhuitlamati he considers it a feast day

ilhuiuh her feast day; his feast; his

feast day

ilihuiz without reason; thoughtlessly

ilihuiztlacatl inconsiderate person

ilihuiztlatlatolli idle word

ilihuiztlatolli unconsidered discussion

ililhuiloya he was told

ilin ash tree

illamato little old woman

iloti it abates, it retreats

ima her arms; her hands; his arm;

his arms; his hand; its front

foot [ie; of an animal]; his


ima its branches; its feet; its fore

legs; its fore-legs; its hand

imaamamaxtli their paper breechcloths

imaamaneapanal their paper stoles

imac at his hand; at his hands

imac by his hand

imac in her hand; in her hands; in

her care; in her charge; in his

care; in his hands; in his hand;

in its grasp; in its hands; in

their hands

imac on her arms; on his arm; on

his arms; on his hand; on his

hands; on its hands

imac with his hands

imacal their boat; their boats

imacalco to their boat, in their boat

imacalyacac in the prow of their boat

imacaxo he is feared; it is feared; it is

Page 38: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 38 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 38 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

dreaded; they are feared

imacaxoa it is respected

imacaxoya he was feared, he was

dreaded; she was feared; they

were dreaded; they were


imacaxtli respected; revered

imaccuauh his obsidian-bladed club; his

war club

imacehuahuan his vassals

imacehual his common folk, his vassals;

his desert; his merit; his man;

his servant; his people; his


imacehualhuan his people, his vassals

imachcauh their leader

imacolpan on their shoulders; on their

upper arms

imacpa from his hands; from his


imactzinco in his hands

imacualnemiliz their evil life

imacuauh his obsidian-bladed club; his

war club; its sword; their

obsidian-bladed clubs

imahcehual his merit

imahuayo their thorn

imahuiz her awe; his fear; his glory

imahuizyo his honor; his renown

imahuizyocan his place of honor

imal his captive; its catch

imalac her spindle; her spindle whorl

imaltepeuh their cities; their city

imama its branches

imamamaxtli their paper breechclouts

imamaneapan their paper should-sash

imamanechichihual their paper adornment; their

paper adornments

imamatlaquen their paper clothing; their

paper vestments

imamatlatqui their paper adornment; their

paper array; their paper

vestment; their paper


imamatzon their paper wigs

imaniman their soul

imapil her finger; his finger

imapiltzalan between his fingers

imaquechtlan on his wrist

imatitlan on its branches

imatl his net

imatlian their drinking place

imatliyan their drinking place

imatzocol its branch

imatzotzopaz his forearm

imauh their water

imaxca their possession; their

property; their privilege

imaxtlaton his small breechcloth

imaxtli his breech clout; his

breechcloth; his breechclout

imayacach their gourd rattle; their gourd


imayazol their miserable cape, their old

worn cape

imayo their milk

imayouh their turtle shell

imecac in his bonds, in his ropes

imecamaxal her divided cord

imecayo its vine

imehuayo their skin

imelchiquiuh their chest; their chests; their


imelcicihuiliz their sighing

imemecayo its vine

imemetl its gizzard

imemeyallo its exudation; its sap

imetz her thigh; his thigh; his thighs;

its legs

imetzpan on his thigh

imezzo their blood

imezzotica with their blood, using their


imicampa behind them

imichhuan its fish

imichpoch their daughter; their maiden

imichpochhuan their daughters; their maidens

imichtech their stolen goods

imicnihuan their companions

imicniuh their friend

imicpac on top of them, on their heads

imicxi their feet

imicxic on their ankles; on their feet

imieuh their maguey

imihiyo intlatol their orations

imil his maize field, his corn field

imilhuiuh their feast day

imimiyahuayo moquetza he has a stitch in his side

imiquiz her death; his death; its death;

its misery

imiquizpan her time of death; his time to


imiquiztehuical his companion in death

imiquiztequipan his tribute of death

Page 39: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 39 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 39 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

imiquiztequiuh his burden of death

imithualco in their courtyard; in their


imitic inside them; within them

imitlacauhca their defect, their fault; their


imittac their refreshment

imitzcuinhuan their dogs

imiuh his arrow; its star

imiuhcatiliz their condition; their inherent


imix their eyes; their face

imixayo their tears

imixco in their eyes; in their faces

imixcua their foreheads

imixcuac their foreheads

imixhuihuan his grandchildren; their


imixiptla their images; their


imixiptlahuan their images; their

representations; their

likenesses; their


imixpan before them, in front of them;

in their presence; their

presence; in their time

imixtelolo their eyes

imiztlac their saliva

imiztlacateohuan their false gods

imiztlacatlatol their false word, their lying


immac in their hands; on their hands;

on their wrists

immachiyouh their omen, their sign

immalhuan their captives

immanel although

immiquiz their death

imoc their wine

imochihuaya its breeding place

imochiuhya its growing place

imochiuhyan its growing place

imol his sauce

imomio his bones

imonnan his mother-in-law

imoquichtiliz their valor

imoztlayoc on the morrow, on the next

day; the following day

impan on them; among them; at


impanpa for their sake

impial their charge, their care

impilhuan its young; their children; their


in ichpoch his daughter

in ilhuiuh his feast day

in ima its fore feet

inaca its flesh

inacacayo his flesh

inacayo her body; her flesh; her

substance; his body; his flesh;

his form; its body; its flesh; its

wood; their body

inacayocan on the body

inacayotzin his body

inacaz her ear, her hearer; his ear

inacaz its ear; its ears

inacazco in his ear; on his ear

inacazhuan its ears

inacaztitech from his ear

inacaztlan on its outskirts [e g, of a town]

inahuac near it; in the vicinity of it

inahual his disguise; his magic form

inamic her helpmate; her husband;

her mate; his consort; his

equal; his match; his remedy;

his spouse; her spouse; his


inamic its mate; its remedy

inamichuan their wives

inan her mother; his mother

inan its mother; their mother

inanamic its remedy, its cure

inanhuan her mothers; its mothers; their


inantzin his beloved mother; his

mother; its afterbirth; its


incacax their carrying frame

incal their house, their houses

incamac in their mouth

incamaxoquiaca the bad odor of their mouths

incampa where

incanahuacan on their temples; their temples

incelica their tenderness

inchachan their homes; their houses;

their various homes

inchan their home; their habitat; their

house; their territory; their

homes; their houses; their


inchantzinco their home

inchichihualayouh their milk

inchichimal their shields; their shields

Page 40: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 40 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 40 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

(each one)

inchimal their shield; their shields

inchipahuacanemiliz their pure life, their clean life

inchoquiz their tears; their weeping

inchoquiztlatol their cries, their weeping

words; their words of grief

inchoquizyo their weeping

incihuahua their wives; their women

incihuahuan their hens; their women

incihuan their grandmothers

incihuatlatqui their womanly belongings;

their womanly array

incihuayo their vulva

incinteohuan their maize gods

incocoliz their sickness

incocoxcahuan their sick people

incolhuan their grandfathers

inconeuh their child

incuach their large capes, their


incuauh their stave

incue their skirts

incuetitlan in their skirts

incuic their song

incuitlapiltzin their tail feathers

incuitlaxcol their entrails; their intestines

inealtiliz his bathing

inechichihual her adornment; her array; his

adornment; his array; his

ornamentation; his finery; their


inechihual her ornamentation

inecnomachiliztlatol his words of humility

inecoca her need, need of her; his

need; need of him; its need;

its use; need of it

inecuepaliz his guise; his reappearance;

his transformation

inelhuayo his root, his origin; its root; its


inelhuayotitech next to its root

inelhuayoton its small root

inemac his gift; his privilege

inemanahuil his excrement

inemauhtil his dread, his fear

inemia her dwelling place

inemian his abode; its dwelling place

inemiliz her life; his life; his ways; its

life; its manner of life

inemiyan his abode, his dwelling place

inenamictiliz her marriage

inenepil his tongue; its tongue

inenepilco on his tongue

inenextiliz his apparition, his appearance

inentla its dwelling; its dwelling place

inepantla in the middle of it

ineteilhuil his accusation; their complaint

inetequipachol his effort

inetlaxoniuh his resting place

inetoliniliz his poverty, his misery

ineuc its honey; its sweetness

ineucyo its sap

inextitlan his fireside

ineyollaliliz his consolation

inezahualiz her fast

inezca its meaning; its omen; its sign;

its trace

inhuan poss-hua:n1; with them

inhuehuetcahuan their old men

inhueltiuh their older sister

inhuen their gift; their gifts

inhuic toward them

inhuipil their blouses, their shifts

inhuitz their maguey spines; their

thorn; their spine

inhuitzio their spine, their thorn

inic for this reason; in order that;

in order to

inic such; thus; for this reason; in

this way

inicnihuan their friends

iniezzo his blood

inihuayolque his kinsmen

inin nowhere; this

inique these

inixiptlahuan their images, their


inixpan before them, in front of them

iniyollo his heart

inma their arms; their forelegs; their


inmac in their arms; in their hands;

on their arms

inmacuauh their sword; their swords

inmahuizcuiyan time of their fright

inmahuizyo their honor

inmalhua their captives

inmalhuan their captives

inmamaccuauh their obsidian-bladed swords

inmamacuauh their swords (each one)

inmanel although, even though; even

inmapil their fingers

inmaquechtlan their wrists

inmatzotzopazpan on their forearms

Page 41: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 41 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 41 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

inmaxtli their breechcloths

inmecahua their paramours, their


inmemecamaxtli their rope breechcloths

inmeuh their maguey

inmil their field

inmiquiz their death

inna their mother

innacayo its flesh; their bodies; their

body; their flesh; their staff of


innacaz their ears

innahuan their mothers; their older


innahuatil their commandment, their law;

their precept

innamichuan their mates; their spouses;

their husbands

innan their mother

innanhuan their mothers

innealtiayan their bathing place

innealtiliz their bathing

innechichihual their adornment

innecuepal their return

innecuiltonol their wealth; their riches

innehuapahualiz their upbringing; their


inneixcahuil their privilege

innemiliz their life; their manner of life;

their way of life

innenecoc on both sides

innenepil their tongues

innenonotzal their council; their tradition

innetlapololtiliz their confusion; their folly;

their delusion

innetlapololtilizpan their place of confusion

innetol their vow

innetoliniliz their poverty, their misery,

their distress; their affliction

inneuhca their breakfast

innexin their hair style, their haircut;

their hair-dress

innezahualiz their fasting

innezcaliliz their prudence; their rearing

innezcaltiliz their rearing

inoma herself, on her own

inpan on them

inpaquiz their happiness

inpayo their potions

inpetl their mat; their reed mat

inpetlacal their reed chest

inpiel their charge, their storage

inpilhuan its young; their children; their

sons; their young; their young

ones; their babies

inpillo their lord

inpiltzin their son, their child

inquech their neck

inquechtlan on their neck

inquimil their bundle

inta their father

intahhuan their fathers

intahuan their fathers

intatanatoton their little reed baskets

intelpoch their young man, their youth;

their son

intelpochhuan their youths

intemal someone's captive

intenanhuan their mothers; their walls

intenco on their lips

intenonotzaliz their discourse

intenteuh their lip plugs

intentzon their beards

inteoauh intlachinol their war

inteocal their temples

inteohua their gods

inteohuan their gods

inteopan their temple

inteotequiuh their godly obligation, their

godly responsibility

inteouh their god; their deity; their


intepeuh their hill; their mountain

intepozcuacalala their helmet

intepozmacuauh their iron sword

intepoztopil their iron lance

intequiuh their burden; their cares; their

charge; their duty; their

function; their task; their labor;

their office; their

preoccupation; their

responsibility; their work

intequiuh huetzi they lay down their cares

intetahuan their fathers

inteteopan their temples

intetepozmacuauh their iron sword

intetlapaloaya their greetings

intetzauh their omen, their evil omen,

their portent

inteyacancauh their leader

intilma their capes

intilmatzitzi their little capes

intla if; if if; whether

intla cana if somewhere

Page 42: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 42 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 42 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

intlac their bodies; their body

intlaca if not

intlacalaquil their tribute; their tribute


intlacamo if not; otherwise; unless

intlacaquiliz their understanding

intlacayocmo if no more, if no longer

intlachializ their appearance

intlachichihual their work

intlachieliz their appearance

intlachihual their act, their deed; their

work; their product

intlacouh their twigs

intlacua:yan their eating place

intlacual their food

intlahuanaya their drinking vessel

intlahuancax their drinking vessel

intlahuitol their bow; their bows; their


intlal their lands

intlalhuayo their nerves

intlalpan their land

intlan among them; with them;

beneath them

intlan their teeth; with them; among


intlancua their knees

intlancuac on their knees

intlanel if; though; although

intlanextil their discovery

intlanitzco on their shins

intlaniyaca the bad odor of their teeth

intlanozo or perhaps

intlaocol their sorrow, their compassion

intlaol their dried grains of maize

intlapetlanilcuauh their lightning stick

intlapilchihual their sin

intlapoal their reckoning, their count

intlaquen their clothes; their clothing

intlaqui their equipment

intlateotoquiliz their idolatry

intlatlacol their sin

intlatlamanaya their offering places

intlatocauh their ruler

intlatol their speech; their words; their

account; their consideration;

their counsel; their

determination; their discourse;

their discourses; their

exhortations; their language;

their opinions; their

pronouncements; their say;

their tongue; their utterance

intlatollo their history; their words

intlatolpan in their language

intlatoltzin their words

intlatqui their array; their equipment;

their garment; their goods;

their possessions; their


intlatquitzi their noble goods

intlayectlalil their product

intlema their incense ladle; their

incense ladles

intoca their name; their names

intomio their fur

intonacayouh maize, corn

intonal their day, their day-sign; their

lot; their fate

intonalamauh their book of days

intop their coffer

intop inpetlacal their secrets

intopil their lance

intozqui his voice; their voice

intzalan among them

intzatzalan between them

intzitzicaz their nettles

intzon their hair

intzonipilhuaz their hair braids

intzontecon their head; their heads; their


intzotzoma their rags, their tatters

inxayac their face; their faces

inxilla in their bosoms

inxillan in their bosom

inxixical their gourds

inxoquechtlan their ankles

inyacac in their nose, in their nostrils

inyaohuan their adversaries, their

enemies, their foes

inyaotlatqui their battle dress

inyeliz their mode of behavior, their

being; their nature

inyollo their heart; their heart[s]; their


inyollocopa from their heart

inzacapech their straw beds

ioc his pulque, his wine

iocxayac his wine face

iohhui its trail, its path; its road

iohuitzin his little danger

iomio his bones; its bones

iomiyo his bones

ioquichhuacan her wifely place

Page 43: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 43 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 43 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ioquichhui her bridegroom, her man; her


ioquichtihua her older brothers

ioztoyo its mine, its cave

ipac his joy, his happiness

ipaccanemiliz its life of peace

ipahyo his remedy; his cure; its cure

ipal because of him, with his help;

by him; by his grace;

ipal with its help

ipalanca its rottenness

ipaltzinco by his grace

ipampa because; because of him; on

his account; because of it; by

reason of it; by this reason;

devoted to it; for; for it; for that

reason; for this reason; in

order to; since; therefore;

wherefore; because of this;

because of; for the sake of; its

reason; for the reason; for the

sake of him; for this because;

hence; in connection with; in

order that

ipampa on account of it; on behalf of

him; on this account; because

of this; so; therefore; thus;


ipampan because of it; therefore

ipan in it; on it

ipan of him, about him; on her; on

him; upon him; on it; in it

ipan she looks; with it; on it

ipan mixeuh he represented him

ipan moquixti he appeared in the form of

him; he took the form of him

ipan moquixtiaya he turns himself into it

ipan oquizque they contended with him; they

set upon him

ipan tlatoa he pleads his cause

ipan tlatoaya they sponsored him

ipanocatilahuac thick all over

ipanpa because; because of it; its

reason; on account of it; for it;

therefore; hence

ipanpan because of it; for that reason;


ipatica its cure, its remedy

ipatiuh his price; its price

ipayo its cure; its remedy; its


ipehualiz his origin

ipetl his reed mat

ipetlacaltzin his reed chest

ipetlapan on his reed mat

ipetlapan icpalpan in his realm

ipetlatzin his reed mat

ipial her charge, her care

ipialoca the keeping of it

ipiazyo its channel

ipiel his charge

ipihuan her older sisters

ipilhuan her poults, her young; his

children; his noblemen; his

sons; its young

ipiltzin his child; his dear son; his son

ipinahuiz his shame

ipochquiotl its vapor

ipolihuia his destruction

ipolihuiz his ruin

ipozonca its foam

iquech his neck; its neck

iquechpan on its shoulder, from its


iquechtlan from its neck; in his throat; on

his neck; to his neck; on his

shoulders; on its neck; about

its throat; to its neck; on its


iquillo its foliage; its leaves; its

shoots; its stalk; its stalks

iquin when

iquiyoyo its stem

iquizaya its place of egress, it place of

going out

iquizayan its place of egress, its leaving


ita her father; his father

ita its father

itahua its fathers

itahuan her fathers; his elders; his


itana her basket

itapachcal his house of seashells

itapalcayo its shell; its sherd

itapazol its nest

itatapa his rags, his tatters

itatzin her father; his beloved father;

his father

itech from it; with it; in it; into it; on

him; on it

itech to him; to it; up to it; with him

itech onaci he lays hold of it

itech oquiz it affected him

itechpa about him; about it

Page 44: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 44 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 44 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

itecpayo his flint knife

itehuan its eggs

itehuical his companion

iteiccahuan his younger brothers

iteiccauh his younger brother

itelpoch his youth

itemoya his way of coming down, his

path of coming down

itempilol his lip pendant

iten his lips

iten it bill; its bill; beak; its beak; its

edge; its border; its edges; its

lips; its muzzle

itenco at its edge; on his lips; on the


itencualac his lie; his venom; its poison

itenhuan its lips

itenhuitz its pointed bill

itenpa at its edge

itenpatlac its wide bill

itentlacahual its gnawed leavings

itentzon his beard

itenxipal his lip

iteocal his temple

iteocuitlacal his golden house; his house of


iteocuitlapan its golden banner

iteopan her temple; his temple

iteouh his god

itepetzin his hill, his mountain

itepixcauh his guardian

itepoloaya his time to destroy people

itepozmacuauh his iron sword

itequio his office, his function

itequiuh her duty; her fate; her task;

her works; his charge; his

function; his responsibility; his

destiny; his domain; his task;

his mission; his work; his

office; function; his duty; his

works; its function; its labor;

its work; its task; their acts;

their function; their office; their

task; their work

itetzauh his omen, his evil omen, his


iteuh his stone; his rock; its egg; its


itezacapiaz his slender lip pendant

itezacauh his lip pendant

ithualco courtyard; in the courtyard

ithualnepantla in the middle of the courtyard

itiachcauh his older brother

itiamic her wares

itianquiz her market place

itic in him, inside him; within him;

in it; during it; in midst of it; in

the midst of it; inside it; into it;

within it; among it; inside her;

in her womb; its womb; its


itic within her, in her; within him;

within it; in it

iticococ that which burns within

iticoyonqui hollow

iticpa from within him

itilma his cape; their cape

itipochinqui pithy; pithy on the inside; pithy


itipozahua his stomach is swollen

itixoxoctic green-bellied

itizauh her chalk

itla his uncle

itla some, something; anything;

some part; any; somewhat;


itlaaltilhuan his bathed sacrificial victims;

his bathed slaves

itlac her body

itlac his body; his upper body; his

torso; its body; torso; its trunk;

its trunk [ie; of a tree]

itlacaccauh her hearer

itlacachan its breeding place

itlacahui it becomes damaged; it is

harmed; it is damaged; it

spoils; it suffers harm

itlacahuiz his failure

itlacapan on its body

itlacatia its breeding place

itlacatian its breeding place

itlacatiliz his birth, his birthright; its

birth; its birth date

itlacauhqui blemished

itlachcayo its down, its feathers

itlachializ its appearance; its vision; its


itlachieliz his appearance; his

countenance; its appearance

itlachihual his deed; his doing

itlachihual its power, its doing

itlachihualhuan his creations; his creatures

itlachihualtzin his (h) creation; his creation

itlachinolxochiuh his fire-flowers

Page 45: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 45 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 45 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

itlacoanotzalhuan his guests, his invited ones

itlacoyo its stalk; its stem; its stalks; its


itlacual her food; his food

itlacual its food; their food

itlacualhuan its foods

itlacualtzin their food

itlacuilol his writing

itlaczaya his walking staff

itlahtol its song

itlahuan her uncles

itlahuancayo his drunkenness

itlahuilanhuan its companions

itlahuitol his bow

itlahuiz his insignia

itlal his land

itlalhuayo his nerves

itlallo its land

itlalticpactoca his earthly name

itlan by it; next to it

itlan his tooth; its teeth; near him

itlan onoque they are in charge of him

itlanco in his teeth

itlancoch its molars

itlanelohuaya its rowers

itlanex its light

itlanextil his invention; his discovery

itlanexton its small light

itlaocol his sorrow

itlaocollatol his word of sorrow, his word of


itlapacholhuan his subjects

itlapalihuiz her effort; his effort; his work;

his strength

itlapallo its color

itlapializ his overseeing

itlapilchihualiz his sin

itlaquen his clothing; his covering; his

vestments; its accouterments;

its dress

itlatlachihual its actions, its deeds

itlatlacol his sin, his fault; its error; its

harm; its damage

itlatlacolpil its harm

itlatlatollo its separate accounts

itlatocatequiuh his office of ruler, his function

as ruler

itlatol her language; her speech; his

command; his word; his

message; his speech; his

statement; his words; his

conversation; his information;

his opinion; his discourse

itlatol its song; its voice; its words

itlatolhuaz his gullet

itlatollo its account; its discussion; its


itlatoltzin his word; his words

itlaton a little something

itlatqui her array; her domain; her

goods; his adornment; his

array; his belongs; his

possessions; his clothing; his

raiment; his goods; his

property; his vestment; his

wealth; its adornment; its

array; its property

itlatquitzin his (h) property; his (h) goods;

his clothing

itlatzin his beloved uncle; some little


itlatzintil his innovation; his invention

itlaxichio their bolts, their pegs

itlazo his esteem

itlazopiltzin his beloved son

itlecuauh his fire drill

itlecuillan his hearth

itlema his incense ladle

itleuh his fire; its rump gland

itleyo his glory

itlilauh his black water

itoca her name; his name; its name;

it is called; so-called

itocatzin his holy name; his name

itoch his rabbit

itolo he is called; his praised; it is

determined; it is said; they are

told of

itoloc it was declared, it was said; it

was determined; it was


itoloz it will be said

itomio its bristles; its fur; its fuzz; its


itonal her day sign; his day sign; his

fate; his fortune; his lot; his

privilege; his prerogative; its

day sign; its fate; its heat

itonal their privilege

itonallo his heat; its fortune

itonatiuh his sun

itopil his cane, his staff

itoptzin his coffer

itoptzin ipetlacaltzin his mysteries

Page 46: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 46 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 46 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

itotouh his bird

itozca its throat

itozcac in its throat; on his throat; on

its throat

itozcatlan on its throat

itozqui his voice; its voice

ittalo it is seen, it is visible

ittaloni visible

ittaloque they were seen

ittaloya it was seen

itto he is seen; he is looked at; it

is seen; it was seen

itto they are seen; they are


ittoc he was seen; it was seen

ittoque they were seen

ittoya it was seen; it looked; they

were discovered; they were


ittoz he will be seen; it was seen; it

will be seen

ittozque they will be seen

itzahualcax her spinning bowl

itzatziliz his cry, his shout

itzcac obsidian sandal

itzcactli obsidian sandal

itzcalpatic exceedingly cold

itzcaltic very cold

itzcapatic extremely cold; very cold

itzcozcatl obsidian necklace

itzcuauhtli golden eagle; obsidian eagle

itzcuin his dog

itzcuincuani ringtail

itzcuinhuan his dogs

itzcuinnacatl dog meat

itzcuinnemitiliztli dog breeding

itzcuintepolli penis of a dog

itzcuinti dogs

itzcuintli dog

itzin its origin

itzinco in his anus

itzintamal his buttocks; its haunches

itzinteyo its roots

itzintiliz his beginning

itzintlan at its foot, at its base; at the

base of it; at the bottom of it;

its abdomen

itzintomahuaca its thick base

itzmiquilitl purslane

itzmitl obsidian-pointed arrow

itzon her hair; his hair

itzon its hair; its maize silk; its corn

silk; its spikelet; its top (ie;

amaranth leaves)

itzoncal his headdress; his wig

itzonhuaz his snare

itzonquen her mantle of hair

itzonteco his head

itzontecon her head; his head; its head

itzontencon his head

itzotzoma his rags; his tatters

itzotzomatzin his rags; his tatters

itzotzopaz her weaving stick

itzpactli obsidian medicine

itztapalcatl obsidian chip

itztetl unworked obsidian

itztic cold; cool; cooling

itztimotlalia it sits facing it

itztli obsidian; obsidian blade;

obsidian knife

iucci it cooks; it ripens

iuccic cooked; fired [re pottery]; it

cooked; well-formed?; well-


iuh as, like; thus

iuh like, as if

iuh so, thus, like this; in this way;


iuhcapan at such a time

iuhqui as if; as; like; likewise; similar

to; so; similar

iuhqui similar; such; such as; thus; in

the same way; same; so

iuhquima as if; like; as

iuhquin as if; like; so; as; just as;

similar to; so that

iuhquin similar; thus; as if; in this way

iuhquinma as if; like; as

ix his face

ix quicui he sobers up

ixayac her face; his face; his mask

ixayo his tears

ixayocali house of tears

ixayotica with tears

ixayotl tear

ixayoyotlatolli tearful words

ixchicactic firm

ixchicahuac brave

ixchichilihui his face becomes red

ixchichilpol red-faced

ixchichiticahuiliztli cataract

ixcitlalichihuale having a star design painted

on his face

ixcitlalicihuiztli film over the eye

Page 47: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 47 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 47 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ixco in his eye; in his face; in his

presence; in its face; in its


ixco on her face; on his face; on its

surface; on the surface; on the

surface of

ixco present

ixcococ revolting; sad-faced

ixcocoliztli eye ailment; eye pain;

sickness of the eyes

ixconi it can be baked on a griddle

ixcopa from the front

ixcoztic yellow

ixcuacehua its forehead

ixcuamolli eyebrow

ixcuappachtic tawny; tawny on the surface

ixcuatoleehua his eyelids burn

ixcuatoltitech on the eyelids

ixcuitlatl rheum of the eyes

ixeehua his eyes ache

ixhua it erupts, it sprouts; it forms

ixhua they sprout

ixhuan its eyes

ixhuaz it will grow, it will sprout

ixhuihua one who has grandchildren

ixhuihuan his grandsons

ixhuiuhtli grandchild

ixic her umbilical cord; his

umbilical cord

ixichuen his umbilical cord offering

ixicol his sleeveless jacket

ixillan her bosom; its belly

ixiloyo its silk (ie, cornsilk)

ixinach his semen

ixinach its seed

ixinachio its seed

ixinacho its seed

ixinachyo its seed

ixincayo its scales, its bark; its


ixiotl scum

ixipehuallo its bark

ixiptla her image; her representation;

her impersonator; her

likeness; her representative;

his envoy; his representative;

his figure; his representation;

his image; his impersonator;

his likeness; his proxy

ixiptla its image; its impersonator; its

likeness; its representation; its


ixiptlahuan his impersonators

ixiptlan its representation

ixiptlati he represents, he


ixiptlatzin his vicar, his representative

ixiquipil his pouch, his bag, his sack

ixiquipilco in its pouch

ixittoc he was respected

ixiuhyo its foliage; its leaves; its petals

ixiyotl shuttle

ixmimiqui it is blinded, it is dazzled

ixmimiquiliztli sun-blindness

ixmimiquini something which is blinded

ixnacatl flesh of the face

ixnamiquiztli insufferability, irresistibility

ixneci it is verified, it is evident

ixnex ash-face

ixnextic ashen

ixochicuallo its fruit

ixochio its blossom; its blossoms; its

fat; its flower

ixochiototon its little blossoms

ixochitli flower

ixochiuh its blossom

ixochyo its blossom

ixolohua their pages

ixolouh his page

ixoocpol drunken face

ixotlaca its bloom

ixpalani face festers; it festers on the


ixpampa from his presence

ixpan before her, in front of her;

before him; in front of him; in

his presence; before it; in front

of it; before them; in front of


ixpantzinco before him, in front of him; in

his presence

ixpatli eye medicine

ixpechtic having a wide face

ixpipitzahuac slender

ixpitzahuac small

ixpohpoyotic blind

ixpolihui it is destroyed; it perishes;

they are destroyed; they


ixpopoyome blind people

ixpopoyoti it becomes blind

ixpopoyotl blindness

ixpopoyotlachializtli blinded vision

ixpopozahua his eyes are inflamed, swollen

Page 48: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 48 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 48 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ixquempalli eyelid

ixquenpal his eyelid

ixquich all; all which; as much;

enough; everything; full

amount; some; whatsoever;

as much as; a full amount;


ixquichti all

ixquichtin all; everyone

ixquichtzin all

ixquitzin a little bit

ixtamazolicihuiztli crab lice; lice around the eyes

ixtelolo its eyes

ixtelolococopinalo his eyes are torn out

ixtelolohtli eye

ixtelolotli eye

ixtemamalacachtic having eyes like spindle


ixtenexiuhtinemi his face becomes pale

ixtenextic pale

ixtenmimilihui his eyelids droop

ixtezcaicihuiztli glazing of the eyes

ixtezcaihcihuiztli blindness, glazing of the eyes

ixtlahuacan on the desert; on the plain

ixtlahuatl desert; plain

ixtlamati they are experienced

ixtlapalihui daring; it is sound

ixtlapalotli short cut

ixtletlexochtic having eyes like live coals;

having flaming red eyes

ixtleyo valiant

ixtli eye; face

ixtli nacaztli mediator; prudent person

ixtlilihui face blackens

ixtliltic dark

ixtotolicihuiztli cataract

ixtozoani watchful

ixtzocuicuitlatl heavy perspiration of the face

ixtzocuitlatl perspiration of the face

ixxoxoctic greenish

ixxoxoxoctic mottled green

ixyayahualtic round; rounded on the surface

iyac his nose; its nose

iyac stinking

iyaca his nose; its scent; its odor

iyacac at the tip

iyacac in first position; in his nose; at

his nose; in his nostril; in the

lead; on its tip; on its end; at

its end; on its point

iyacacelica tender shoots

iyacacuitl its erectile process [of a

turkey]; its nose mucus

iyacatzol its snout

iyacayo its tip

iyacayocan in first place, in first position

iyacolpan on his shoulder

iyaohuan his enemies

iyapaltic dark green

iyauhchicahuaztli mist rattle board

iyaxtiuh it stinks

iyaya it has an aroma, it smells

iyaztlacapal its wing

iyecaxitl tobacco bowl

iyecuen his bean field

iyehel solicitous

iyel diligent

iyeliz his bearing; his being; his way

of life; his character; its

essence; its habits; its manner

of life; its nature; its

characteristics; their being;

their nature

iyetica with tobacco, by means of


iyetl tobacco; tube of tobacco

iyexochitl tobacco flower

iyo only

iyo:liliz its life

iyoca apart, alone, aside; by

himself; separately; each by

itself; in private

iyolian its breeding place

iyolic deliberately, slowly

iyolitlacoloca his offense

iyollo her heart; his heart; his mind;

its; its center; its heart; its

interior; its core; its pith; its


iyollo their heart; their hearts

iyolloco in its center; its central part; its


iyollopan in his chest; in his heart

iyollotzin her heart; his heart

iyolloyo its center

iyoquichio his exploit, his manliness

iytztic cold

iyztaya it whitens, it becomes white

iz here

izacapepech his straw bed

izahuacaya he was hoarse

izahuaquiliztli hoarseness

izazanillo its fable, its story

izca behold it, here it is; behold

Page 49: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 49 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 49 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

izcaliloca his rearing

izcaltilo it is nourished

izcaltiloz he will be reared

izcan behold, here it is

izcate behold them, here they are

izcatiloni up-bringing

izcatqui behold it, here it is; behold;

here she is; note it

izhuatica with maize husks, by means

of maize husks

izoloca it is rumbling

izquilhuitl all days; every day

izquitlamantli all kinds; every kind; many

things; various things; as

many things

izquixochicuahuitl popcorn flower tree

izquixochitic popcorn flower

izquixochitl popcorn flower

iztac white

iztacacuicuiltic mottled with white; spotted

with white

iztacanactli thin bar of salt

iztacapil very white

iztachiuhque salt makers

iztacpahtic very white

iztacpaltic very white

iztacpatic very white

iztalectic pale; yellow

iztalehua it becomes pale

iztalehuac pale; whitish; chalky

iztanamacaque salt merchants

iztaoctli white wine

iztapan salt bed

iztaquetl white bean

iztatapalcatl salt cake

iztatica with salt, using salt

iztatl salt

iztatlaca salt people

iztatlalli salty earth, salty soil

iztatzintli salt

iztaxalli coarse salt; grain of salt

iztaya he becomes white; it becomes


iztayo salt[ness]; salty; salted

iztayotic briny

iztayotl brine, salty water

izte clawed, having claws; having


izti his claw, his talon

izti its claws; its nails; its hooves

izticocoltic having curved claws

izticocopinalo his finger nails are torn out

izticohcoltic having curved claws

iztihuihuiac having long claws; having

long nails

iztihuihuitztic having sharp claws

iztiquiza claws emerge

iztitl nail, fingernail; toenail

iztitlatlaxo his finger nails are removed

iztitle o fingernail

iztitontli small fingernail

iztlac its venom

iztlacateteo false gods

iztlacati he lies

iztlacatiliztli lie; falsehood

iztlacatini liar

iztlacatlatolli deceitful word, lie; falsehood

iztlacayotl falsehood

iztlactica by means of licking

iztlactli falsehood, lie

ma let, may

maahuiltia she becomes a harlot

maaltia they bathe

maca let not, may not

macalhuitequi they hurl themselves into their


maccuahuitl war club

macehualli common folk; common man;

man of low estate; commoner;

vassal; lowly person; man;


macehualpan among common folk

macehualti common folk; common

people; commoners

macehualti she acts like a commoner

macehualtin common folk

macehualtzintli poor commoner

macehualtzitzinti common folk

mache especially

machiotl example; insignia; mark;

model; pattern; sign; standard

machiotlatolli figure of speech; metaphor

macho it is known

machtiloni teachable

maci it is captured; it is caught

macihui although

macihuin although

macitica pure; whole

maco it is given

maco they are given

macomana it is raised up

macoquetza it sits up

macoya it was given; they were given

macoztic yellow-leafed, having a yellow

Page 50: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 50 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 50 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


macpalhuehuei having wide pads

macpalnacatl flesh of the palm of the hand

macpalpapatlactic having very wide pads

macuahuitl war club

macuexcohuatl "bracelet snake"

macuextlaxcalli bracelet tortilla

macuextli bracelet

macuil five

macuil matlac a few; a little bit

macuilcan five places

macuilcaxitl five bowls

macuililhuitl five days

macuilli five

macuilmatl five fathoms

macuilpa five times

macuilpeso five pesos

macuilpoalxihuitl one hundred years

macuiltetl five

macuiltin five

macuiltzin five

macuiltzontli two thousand

macuilyohual five nights

macxoyauh your fir branch

mahahuiltia she is given to amusement

mahaltia they bathe

mahaltiaya they were bathing

mahana it stretches

mahcotonhuitzoa it leaps up

mahmae it has hands

mahtzopaztli forearm

mahueyac long hand

mahuihuiac having long branches; having

long leaves

mahuihuiyac long hands

mahuiloa she is dissolute

mahuilquixtia he dishonors himself; he

demeans himself

mahuilquixtia she degrades herself, she

dishonors herself

mahuilquixtiani one who dishonors herself

mahuiltia it plays

mahuitzoco fearful

mahuizauhqui admirable; marvelous;


mahuizcuihuac there was fear, there was


mahuizcuique they were frightened

mahuizo wonderful, marvelous

mahuizoloni worthy of admiration

mahuizoticatca it was awesome

mahuizotihui they go in glory, they go in


mahuizotl honor

mahuizpan awesome place

mahuiztia they were esteemed

mahuiztic wonderful, marvelous;

estimable; esteemed; noble;

of good quality

mahuizticapil wonderful, very marvelous

mahuiztihuani venerable

mahuiztililo he is honored

mahuiztililoni meriting wonder; worthy of

honor; estimable; illustrious; of

reverence; praiseworthy

mahuiztililoya he was honored; he was

revered; respected; she was

esteemed; they were honored

mahuiztililoz he will be honored

mahuiztiz he will be esteemed

mahuiztli fear; awe; fright; glory; honor;

solemnity; wonder

mahuizyo honored; esteemed

mahuizyo wonderful, marvelous

mahuizyopolihui his renown is destroyed, his

renown perishes

mahuizyotl honor

mahuizzo honored

mahuizzochimalli splendid shield

maitia it happens

maitl arm; hand

malacachihui he becomes round; it

becomes like a spindle whorl;

it becomes round

malacachiuhqui round, like a spindle whorl;

shaped like a spindle whorl

malacachiuhtiuhi he goes becoming round

malacachtic circular, round, like a spindle

whorl; shaped like a spindle


malacachtontli small spindle whorl

malacatl spindle; spindle whorl;

spinning whorl

male captor; one who owns a


maleque owners of captives; slave


mali slave

malli captive; loot; booty

malmicoa there was dying of captives

malmicoaya there was slaying of captives

maltepeuh your city

maltequime tribute captives

maltia he bathes; he is bathed; it

Page 51: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 51 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 51 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

bathes itself; it is

maltia she bathes; she is bathed;

they bathe

maltiani one who bathes herself

maltiaya he bathed; he was bathed;

she was bathed; they bathed;

they were bathed

maltiz he will bathe; he is to bathe;

he will be bathed; it will be


maltiz she will bathe, she is to bathe;

she will be bathed

maltizque they will bathe

mamachihua it is made into paper

mamacue your paper skirt

mamae having branches

mamahuia he is covered with paper

mamalacachiuhqui round, like a spindle whorl

mamalacachti it becomes like round, it

becomes like spindle whorls

mamalacachtic arched, curled, round; like a

spindle whorl

mamalti captives

mamaltin captives

mamaltzitzinti captives

mamana she becomes disturbed

mamapile fingered, having fingers

mamatlaltic dark green

mamatlapaltia it forms leaves; it produces


mamaye it has branches

mamaza deer; deer (pl); deer [pl]

mamazoa it extends its hand

mamohuia he uses soap; it is spread on;

it is washed; they wash their


mamohuiaya they soaped themselves

mamohuiya they soaped themselves

mana it increases in size; it is taken;

it lengthens

manaz it will develop

manazque they will develop

manel although; even though; even;

even if; nevertheless; no

manel no matter, even though

manellamaz although he will take captives

manenemi animals; four-footed; they

walk on four feet

manenenque four-footed animals

mani it extends, it is; it spreads out;

it lies; it prevails; it rests; they

are spread out; they are; they

stand; they lie; they spread

out; they remain

maniz it will rest; it will lie

manozo or; or else; but; perhaps

mantiuh it goes resting

mapachitli raccoon

mapilli finger

mapilnacatl flesh of the finger

mapiloque they pointed with their fingers

mapiltotomactic fat-fingered, having fat fingers

mapiltzatzapal lamed finger

mapilxocoyotl little finger

mapipitzahuac having slender branches;

having slender leaves

mapipitzoa he whistles; it whistles

mapipitzoa there is whistling; they whistle

mapipitzoani shrill whistler; whistler

mapitza he has diarrhea

mapitzahuac having slender leaves

maquia it is put; it is transplanted; they

are planted

maquixtia water is extracted

maquiza they escape

maquiztli bracelet

matcatlacatl tranquil person

matemecatl wrist band, bracelet

matilahuac having thick branches

matitilahuac having thick branches

matlac in a net; in the net

matlac ten

matlacmapan ten spans

matlacmatl ten fathoms

matlacopa from the net

matlacpa ten times

matlacteme ten

matlactetl ten

matlactin ten

matlactli ten

matlactloce eleven

matlactlomei thirteen

matlactlomome twelve

matlactzontli four thousand

matlacxihuitl ten years

matlalatl blue water

matlaloctli blue pulque

matlaltic dark green

matlanhuiz he will throw himself into the


matlapal your wing

matlaquilhuitl ten days

matlatl net

Page 52: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 52 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 52 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

matlayo net-like

matlequiquizoani arquebusier

matlequiquiztli arquebus

matlian your time of drinking

matoconi touchable

matohtomactic having thick paws

matohtozantic having gopher-like paws

matoyahuiz he will throw himself into the


matzatzaztli ring

matzin your [h] water; your water

matzin motepetzin your [h] city

matzopetztli wrist band

matzotzopaztli forearm; lower arm bone

mauhca fearful

mauhcaitto it is looked at with fear; it is

regarded with dread; it is seen

with fear

mauhcaittoni venerable, fearful

mauhcaittoya she was held in awe; they

were held in awe; they were

looked upon with fear; they

were regarded with fear

mauhcatlacatl coward

mauhqui frightened

maxaltic divided, split

maxcatzin your possession; your


maxelihui it spreads

maxhuia axin is provided, axin is


maxixa he defecates; it is urinated (ie;

expelled in the urine); it is

expelled in the urine); it

urinates; one urinates; they


maxixaya he urinated

maxixaz he will urinate

maxoxoctic green-branched

maxtlatl breech clout; breechcloth;


maxtlazoltzintli old, worn breechcloth

mayana it is hungry

mayanacochtli ear plug made of black


mayanaliztica from hunger, through hunger

mayanaliztli famine

mayanalo there is hunger

mayanalo there is hunger

mayanaloz there will be famine, people

will be hungry

mayanaya there was famine; they were


mayehuatl leather glove

mayoxochquillotia it produces gourd blossoms

mazacetl deer fat

mazaconetl fawn

mazaehuatl deerskin

mazanacatl venison

mazatiz he will become a deer

mazatl deer

mazatla place of the deer

mazatlacualli deer fodder, horse fodder;

fodder for the deer

mazcapotzaltia it forms itself an anthill

mazoma he rages over drink, he gets

angry about drink

mea it flows, it exudes

mec then

mecahuehuetl guitar

mecamaxalli divided cord

mecapitzahuac like a slender cord

mecatic cord-like; stringy

mecatica with a cord, by means of a

cord; with a rope; by means of

a rope; with cord; by means of

cord; with cords; by means of

cords; with ropes; by means

of ropes

mecatitech on the rope

mecatl cord; rope; thong

mecayo stringy

meellelquixtiaya they took their pleasure

mehmeya it flows

mehua it is raised

mehuatitlalia it sits up

mehuitztli maguey spine

melacpatic very long

melacpil rather long

melactic long; long and straight;


melactontli small and long

melahua it becomes long; it is straight

melahuac correct; correctly; justly; exact;

true; exactly; truthfully; just;

legitimate; long; straight; right;

truth; righteous; righteously;

direct; tall

melahuacatlacatl fair person

melahuatihuetzi it quickly straightens itself

melcicihuiliz your sighing

melcicihuititinemi they go about sighing

mellacuahua they trouble themselves

mellelquixtiaya he was amused

Page 53: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 53 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 53 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

memecati it binds

memecatia it becomes cord-like; it forms


memecatic cord-like; rope-like

memelactic slender; straight

memelahuac straight

menexoaliztli hemorrhoids; piles

mepan on a maguey leaf; on the


metitlan among maguey plants

metl maguey; maguey leaf

metlapilihui it becomes mano-like

metlapilli mano

metlapiltic like the mano of the metate;


metlaza beans are sown

metontli small maguey

metzcanauhtli blue-winged teal

metzcuitlatl mica

metznacatl flesh of the thigh

metzonco in maguey pith

metzonocuilin maguey worm

metzpan on the thigh

metzpil little moon

metztli month; moon

metztli cualo eclipse of the moon

metztona there is moonlight

meuhtoc he is risen

mexixin lepidium

mexoyotia it produces a bean

meya it exudes; it flows

meyaz it will flow; it will come

mi it is drunk

mi they are drunk

mia it was drunk

mic he died

mic it was drunk

mic she died

micampa behind you

miccauh your younger brother

micequiz it is roasted

michconetl baby fish

michcuani fisheater

michhuacqui dried fish

michi fish

michihuauhtli fish amaranth

michihuauhtzoalli dough made of fish amaranth

seed; fish amaranth dough

michin fish

michio having fish

michiqui it is scraped; it is scratched

michtzontecomatl fish head

miciuhcatlaloa he dashes, he runs hurriedly

mico:hua people die

micoa one dies, people die; there is

death; there is dying

micoac people died; there was death;

there was dying

micoani dead; deadly; fatal

micoaya there was dying; there was

death; there were deaths

micoaz there will be death; there will

be dying

micohuani fatal

micohuaya deathly place; place of death

micque they died

micqui dead; corpse; dull

micquiz he will die

mictihuetzi he dies suddenly

mictilo they are killed, they are slain

mictiloya they were killed, they were


mictiloz he will be killed, he will be put

to death

mictla place of death

mictlampa north; to the north

mictlan land of the dead

mictlan place of death; place of the


mictlanpa to the north

mictoc it lies dead

micuiloa it is painted

miec many; much; all

miecca often, frequently

mieccan many places; many; much

miecpa many times, often; frequent

miectin many

miequia they multiplied, they increased

in numbers

miequin many

miequinti many

miequintin many

miexi it breaks wind; it looses an


mih it is drunk

mihcuia it coils

mihiyo your spirit

mihiyohuia he suffers

mihiyotia it emanates splendor

mihiyotzin your spirit

mihmati he is cautious, he is prudent; it

is prudent

mihmatini one who is prudent

Page 54: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 54 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 54 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mihnecui it is smelled

mihtoaya it was called

mihtotia he dances

mihtotiaya they danced

mihtotihtinemi they go dancing

mihtotizque they will dance

mihuintia he becomes drunk

mihuintiani drunkard

mihuintihtinemi he goes about drunk

mihuintitinemi she goes about drunk

milchiuhqui field worker

millaca field people

milli maize field

milpan in the field

miltontli maize plot

mimacaci it is feared, it is dreaded

mimacacia he was feared, he was

dreaded; they were afraid

mimatcacueitl fine skirt

mimatcanemi he lives in modesty

mimati he is prudent; intelligent

mimati they are clever

mimatia they are skilled

mimatini prudent

mimatqui proper

mimattzintli circumspect

mimichti fish; fish (pl); fish [pl]; fishes

mimichtin fish [pl]; fish; fishes

mimicque dead people; the dead

mimictiloque they were slain, they were


mimilihui it becomes cylindrical; it

enlarges; they become

cylindrical; they enlarge

mimiliuhqui cylindrical; rounded

mimiltic cylindrical; rounded; round;

shaped like cylinders; thick

mimiltontli rounded

mimiltotonti small and cylindrical

mimiqui they die

minalo he is shot with an arrow, he is

pierced by an arrow

minax he hid, he took refuge

minayaz he will hide, he will take


minecui it is inhaled; it is smelled; it


minecuiz it is sniffed, it is smelled

mipotza it hisses

mipotzani one that hisses

miqui he dies; it dies

miqui she dies; they die; they die it

miquia he died; she died; they died;

they diedi

miquiciyac smelling of death

miquiciyaltic smelling much of death

miquiliztli death; mortality

miquini worthy of death

miquitiuh he goes to die, he would die; it

goes to die

miquito he went to die, he met his


miquiya they died

miquiz he will die

miquiz it will die

miquiz she will die

miquizhiyaltic deathly stench

miquizmauhque those who fear death

miquiznequi he is about to die; he is about

to drown; he is to die; he

wants to die; they wish for


miquizpatli cure for death

miquizque they will die

miquizquia he would die, he might have

died; he would have died

miquiztetzahuitl omen of death

miquiztli death

mitic like an arrow; within you

mitica with arrows, by means of


mitl arrow; bolt; dart; spear

mitl chimalli war

mitlaniz she will be requested, she will

be asked for

mito he was called

mito it was called; it was declared;

it was said; it was mentioned;

it was told

mitoa he is called; he is entitled; he

is said; it are told; it is asked;

it is called; so-called; it is

described; it is discussed; it is

mentioned; it is related; it is

said; it is told; one refers to it;

she is called; they are called;

they are known as; they are

mentioned; they are told; they

are said

mitoaya he pledged; he was called; it

used to be called; it used to

be said; it was called; it was

named; it was said; it was

claimed; it was stated; it was

said3D; they were called

Page 55: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 55 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 55 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mitohuaya it was called; it was said; they

were called

mitonia they sweat

mitoque they were called

mitotia he dances

mitotia she dances; they dance

mitotiani dancer

mitotiaya he danced; she danced; they


mitotica it is being said; it is said; it is

called; it is being called

mitotitihui they go dancing

mitotitihuitz he came dancing

mitotitihuitze they come dancing

mitotitinemi they continue dancing

mitotitiuh he goes dancing

mitotizque they will dance

mitotonti little arrows

mitoz it will be said; it will be told

mitozquia it would be said, it should be


mitzahuahuia he is pricked with an obsidian


mitzanatiuh he goes to take you, he goes

to seize you

mitzanazque they will take you, they will

seize you

mitzcaquiz he will hear you

mitzchiuh he made you

mitzcho:ca it weeps for you, it cries for


mitzelcicihui it sighs for you

mitzicxitocaz he will follow you

mitzitta he sees you

mitziximati they know you

mitzizcali he trained you

mitzmaca he gives it to you

mitzmacac he endowed you, he gave it to


mitzmachiotia he indicates you

mitzmapilhui he pointed his finger at you

mitzmapilhuia he points his finger at you

mitzmapilhuiz he will select you, he will point

his finger at you

mitzmochihuilia he [h] does it to you, he [h]

causes you

mitzmotlatolilochtiliz he will reverse your word

mitzmoyolitlacalhuia they offend you

mitznonotz he admonished you

mitznotza he calls out to you

mitzoma it is sewn; it is sutured

mitzoniyahua he raises you in dedication, he

raises you in offering, he

offers you

mitzquixtiz he will remove you

mitztatique they made you father

mitztlacanotzaz he will address you as a man

mitztlalaquia he plants you

mitztoca he buries you

mitzyocox he created you

mixamia he washes his face; his face is

washed; it washes its face

mixayotzin your tear

mixcahuia he is involved; it is involved;

they are concerned; they are

involved; they pay heed; it is

their doing

mixcahuiaya they were concerned, they

were involved

mixcitlalichiuh his face was painted with the

star design

mixco before you, in your presence;

in your face

mixcoacuauhtli crab-hawk

mixcomitl cloud vessel

mixicquetza he falls on his face

mixihuiz she will give birth

mixihuiznequi she is about to give birth; she

wishes to give birth

mixitl jimsonweed; datura


mixiuhque women who were recently


mixiuhqui newly delivered woman;

newly-delivered woman

mixnamicque they disputed among

themselves, they contended

with each other

mixpan before you, in front of you; in

your presence

mixpantzinco before you [h], in your [h]

presence; before you; in front

of you; in your presence; in

your sight

mixpiqui it closes its eyes

mixpoloaya they disguised themselves

mixtemi it fills with clouds

mixtlan before your face, in your


mixtlapalhuatzalhuia her face is covered with rouge

mixtlapalhuatzalhuiaya faces were covered with


mixtlehuia he has inflamed eyes

mixtli cloud

Page 56: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 56 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 56 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mixtoxahua he falls on his face

mixxoa it fills with clouds, it is


miyec many; much

miyeccan many places

miyecpa many times; often

miyequintin many

miz it will be drunk; it is to be


mizahuia she is apprehensive

mizahuiani one who is full of anxiety, one

who is fearful

mizcitlalchiuh he made a star design on his


mizehuatl puma skin

mizoni one who bleeds himself

mizotla he vomits

mizotlaz he will vomit; it will be vomited


mizquicuahuitl mesquite tree; mesquite wood

mizquitl mesquite; mesquite tree

miztli mountain lion

mizton cat

MO:YO:TL flying insect; a mosquito

MO:YO:TZIN gnat; literally "small mosquito"

moca covered with

moca for you, towards you; for your

sake; full of; covered with

mocacantlapalhuia her cheeks are colored

mocactia he wears sandals, he provides

himself with sandals

mocahua he ceases; he fails to; he

holds back; he restrains

himself; he remains; he is

spared; it ceases; it stops; it is

left; it is omitted; it remains; it

stays; they remain; they stop

mocahuaya he failed to; it ceased; it

remained; they remained

mocahuaz it will be left, it is to be left; it

will remain

mocalaquia they enter

mocalitic in your house

mocaltia it makes itself a nest

mocaltiaya he made himself a house

mocamatzayana he opens his mouth wide

mocaqui he is heard, he is heeded; it is

heard; it is known; it is

understood; it understood;

they are heard; they sound

mocaquiz it will be heard

mocauh he remained

mocayahua he deceives; he deceives

himself; he mocks; he makes

sport; he ridicules; it deceives;

it mocks

mocayahua she deceives; she mocks;

they deceive; they mock

mocayahuani one who mocks, mocker, one

who deceives

moccohcoha he gets sick

mocehuiz he will not rest

mocel you alone, by yourself

mocelica your tenderness

moceloitoani one who boasts of being an

ocelot warrior

moceltzin you alone, only you

mocempoalzauhque they fasted twenty days

mocencahua he adorns himself, he arrays

himself; he is arrayed; he is

adorned; he makes ready; he

prepares himself; he

prepares; it is cleaned; it is

prepared; it is finished; it is

finished off; it is perfected; it

prepares itself; it arranges

itself; they are adorned; they

are arrayed; they are dressed;

they array themselves; they

ornament themselves; they

prepare themselves

mocencahuaya he adorned himself; it was

arranged; they arrayed


mocencahuaz he will be supplied, he will be


mocenmati it cares for itself; it is well kept

mocenmatini he is proud

mocenneloa it is all mixed together; it is

mixed together; they are

mixed all together; well mixed

mocenquixtia it is chosen; they assemble

mocenquixtiaya they assembled, they came

together; they congregated

mocenteci it is ground up; it is ground up

together; they are ground


mocentlalia he sits firmly; they assemble;

they gather together

mocentotonia it is heated thoroughly, it is

heated completly

moch all; everything

mochan your home; your house

mochantia it nests, it makes a home for

itself; they nest

Page 57: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 57 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 57 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mochantzinco your home

moche all

mochi all; completely; entirely; every;

everything; many; very much

mochicahualiztzin your power

mochichihua he adorns himself; he arrays

himself; he decks himself; he

is adorned; he is arrayed; he

ornamented himself; it

prepares itself; they are

adorned; they are arrayed;

they are bedight; they are

dressed; they array

themselves; they ornament


mochichihuaya he arrayed himself; he was

adorned; he was arrayed; she

was arrayed; they adorned

themselves; they were

adorned; they were arrayed;

they were bedecked; they

were ornamented

mochichihuaz he will be adorned, he will be


mochichina he is sucked; it is sucked

mochichinoz he will be scorched; he will

singe himself

mochihua he becomes; it becomes; it

serves as; it forms; it befalls; it

happens; it appears; it breeds;

it occurs; it comes to pass; it

grows; it is produced; it is

done; it is made; it comes; it is

brought about; it is practised;

it is formed; it is grown; it is

prepared; it seems like ; it

served as

mochihua she becomes; they are made;

they become; they develop;

they form; they grow; they are


mochihuani it happens, it comes to pass

mochihuaya he adorned himself; he

became; it became; it befell; it

happened; it came to pass; it

grew; it was celebrated; it was

observed; it was done; it was

performed; it was made; it

was prepared; she became;

they became; they took the

form of; they grew; they

happened; they were done;

they were celebrated; they

were observed; they were

undertaken; they were made

mochihuaz he will become; it befalls; it

happens; it will be done; it is

to be done; it will happen; it

will be made; it will be

observed; it will become; it will

befall; it will come to pass; it

will form; it will turn out; it will

take place

mochihuazque they will become; they will do

it to themselves; it will happen

to them

mochihuazquia it would befall, it would


mochilchachapatz it is blotched with red, chili-red

mochimal your shield

mochimalhuitequi shields are struck together

mochimaltia it forms a shield

mochinti all; all of them; everyone

mochintin all; all (pl); all of them; each of

them; everybody; everyone

mochipa always; all the time;

constantly; continually;

frequently; often

mochipan always

mochipinia it drips

mochitlacatl all people, everyone

mochiuh he became; it became; it

happened; it came to pass; it

occurred; it was done; it took

place; it was formed; it was

made; it was waged

mochiuh they became

mochiuhque it happened to them

mochopinique they pecked at each other

mochoquiliaya she wept for herself

mochoquiz your tears; your weeping

mochoquizcanenequi they seem to weep

mochpanaya it was swept

mochtin all; all (pl)

mochuia he is affected by the wine

mocicihuapiltiani she provides herself with

young women

mocihuaittotia they dance in the fashion of


mocihuanenequi he takes the part of a woman,

he acts like a woman

mocinixquia they begin to roast

mocnelia he brings good to himself

mocnelilmati they are thankful

mocnihua your friends

mocnihuan your friends

Page 58: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 58 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 58 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mocniuh your friends

mocnochan your poor house

mocnoteca he humbles himself

mocochteca he lies down to sleep

mococoa he becomes sick; it hurts; it

has an ailment; it is sick; it

sickens; she is sick; they

become sick

mocococatzin your possession

mococoloa he dances the serpent dance

mocohua it is bought

mocohuaya it was bought

mocoltzin your grandfather [h]

mocopina it is cast; it is molded

mocopinaz it will be cast

mocotona it is cut

mocototztlalia he sits on his shins

mocototztlalique they sat down, they squatted

mocotzohuia pine resin is applied

mocotzoyotia it forms a resin

mocoxonia it is pulverized

mocpaltzin your seat

mocua it is chewed; it is eaten

mocua they are eaten

mocuacua it is chewed; it is eaten

mocuacuacuecuechotica he constantly shakes his head

mocuacualatza it is boiled

mocuacuaya it was chewed

mocualan your anger

mocualantzin your [h] anger; your [h] wrath

mocuanamictia the ends are joined

mocuapepetla he arranges his hair

mocuatzayana he is wounded in the head

mocuatzitzintiaya he was of disordered hair

mocuauh your club

mocuauhitoani one who boasts of being an

eagle warrior

mocuaya it was eaten

mocuayahualxima it is cut like a ring-shaped

carrying pad, it is cut round

mocuaz he will eat himself; it will be

eaten; it is to be eaten

mocuechoa it is pulverized

mocuecuepa they turn about

mocuepa he becomes; he turns; it

becomes; it turns into; they


mocuepaya they became; they were

turned into

mocuepaz it will become

mocuetia they dress themselves in


mocuetiaya they wore a skirt, they

provided themselves with a


mocueyotia it breaks into waves

mocuic your song

mocuicui it is sculptured

mocuicuilo varicolored

mocuiliani reserved person

mocuilo painted

mocuiltono rich man; he became rich

mocuiltonoa he acquires abundance, he

becomes prosperous; he

becomes rich; he enjoys; he is

rich; he is wealthy; he is


mocuiltonoa she is rich, she is wealthy;

they are rich; they prosper;

they rejoice

mocuiltonoani prosperous person; rich


mocuiltonoaya she prospered

mocuiltonocanectica he pretends to be rich

mocuiltonoz he will be rich; he will be

wealthy; rich; he will become

rich; he will have wealth; he

will prosper

mocuiltonoz she will be rich; she will

become rich; she will prosper

mocuiltonozque they will rejoice

mocuitlapil your tail

mocuitlapil matlapal your vassals

mocxi your foot

mocxipoztequi he breaks his foot; he breaks

his leg

mocxitlaloani runner, one who runs

mocxitzin your foot

moholchapani it is spotted as with rubber

mohoquichitoa he brags

mohotta he looks at himself

mohuapahua it develops

mohuatza it is dried

mohuicatz he [h] comes

mohuihuilana it constantly creeps; it creeps;

it keeps creeping

mohuihuilanani creeper

mohuihuitequi they are struck repeatedly

mohuihuixoa it stirs

mohuilana he crawls; it crawls; it creeps;

it drags itself; it is dragged

mohuilana they crawl

mohuilanani creeper

mohuipana they are set in order

Page 59: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 59 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 59 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

mohuipiltia they dress themselves in


mohuitequi it is beaten; she is beaten; she

is whipped; they beat each

other; they strike each other

mohuitz your thorn

mohuitztlalia they insert maguey spines in


molcahualtiloya they were made to forget

molcaxitl sauce dish

molchachapatz it is blotched; it is blotched as

with rubber

molhuil your desert

molicpitl elbow

molinia it stirs

molinique they moved

molli sauce

molnamiqui it is recalled, it is remembered

moloni it billows; it diffuses; it gushes;

it wells up; it spreads out; it

swirls; it swirls up

moloni they seethe; they swarm

molonini that which swirls up

molonqui pulverized; soft

molontoc it lies diffusing

molotl house finch

molpia it is tied

momac in your hand

momacaz it will be given; it is to be given

momacehual your merit

momacehualtzitzinhuan your servants

momahuizpia they are cared for with awe

momahuizyocan your place of honor

momahuizzotia he is honored

momahuizzotiaya she achieves honor

momal your captive

momalacachoa it becomes round, it becomes

like a spindle whorl

momalacachotinemi they keep turning around

momalcochotimotlalia he sits embracing himself

momalhuiani it is reserved

momamalacachotihui they go whirling

momamali it is drilled

momamalina they are twisted together

momamamanani it is accustomed to making


momamana it is arranged

momamantinemi he dances in a circle

momamatiloa it is rubbed

momamayauhtiuh he goes hurling himself along

momana it is set out; it settles; they

spread out

momanahuia they excuse themselves, they

defend themselves

momapoztequi he breaks his hand

momaquixtia they free themselves, they


momati it resembles; they think; they


momatia they were considered

momatica he is suspecting

momatiznequi he wants to think

momatzayana the branch is broken

momatzin your hand

momauhcatlaloa he flees in terror, he runs

away fearfully; they run away


momauhtia he gets frightened; he takes

fright; he becomes frightened;

it is frightened

momauhtiani coward; frightening; one who

takes fright; fearful person

momauhtiaya they were frightened, they

were in terror

momauhtique they were frightened

momaxacualoa it is crumbled in the hands

momaxtlatizque they will be provided with


momaxtlazoltzin your old breechcloth, your

wretched breechcloth

momayahui he throws himself

momayahuiz he will cast himself, he will

throw himself

momecania he hangs himself

momecati he had a paramour, he

provided himself with a


momecatia he lives in concubinage, he

provides himself with a


momecatiani one who has a paramour, one

who has a concubine

momecatitinemi he lives in concubinage

momehmecatiani one who lives in concubinage

momelahua it is declared

momemecatia he has a paramour, he

provides himself with a


momemelauhtica she remains with legs


momemelauhtimotlalia she sits with legs outstretched

momimiloa it becomes round; it is

rounded; it rolls

momina it is shot with an arrow

Page 60: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 60 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 60 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

momiquili he died

momiquilia she (h) dies

momiquiliaya he died [h]

momiquiz your death

momiyotia it is given a skeleton

momochitl popcorn

momoloca it billows, it seethes; it wells


momolocatoc it spreads billowing; it spreads

constantly billowing

momoloni it constantly swirls

momolontoc it spreads billowing

momonequi it is required

momoyactic outspread

momoyahua it becomes disordered; it

scatters; it spreads; it spreads

out; it radiates; they disperse;

they radiate; they scatter

momoyahuac radiating, spread out

momoztlae each day

momoztli altar

monacayo your body

monacayotzin your body

monacazco in your ear

monahuan your mothers

monahuatectimotlalia he sits hugging himself

monahuatiltzin your (h) duty

monamaca it is sold

monamacaz he will be sold

monamic your husband

monamictia he is married, he gets

married; it is added; it is

joined; it is joined with it; they

are added; they are brought


monamiqui it is added

monan your mother

monanacahuia he mushrooms himself, he

supplies himself with


monanamaca she sells herself

monanhua your mothers

monanhuan your mother; your mothers

monantia it takes root

monantzin your mother; your mother [h]

monantzitzinhuan your mothers

monanyotzin your (pl) motherhood, your

(pl) motherliness

monayotzin motherliness; your


moncitli mother of the parents-in-law

moncolli father of the parents-in-law

mone one who has a son-in-law

monec it was required

monechicoa they come together, they


monecuepal your return

monelhuayotia it takes root

moneloa it is mixed; it is stirred; it is


moneloz it is to be stirred, it is to be

mixed; it will be stirred; it will

be mixed

monemiliz your life; your way of life; your


monemilizcuepa he changes his way of life

moneneloa it is mixed in

monenemiliz your traveling

monenepanoa they join together

monenepil your tongue

monenequi he is capricious, he is over-

demanding; it is necessary; it

is needed; it is required; she is


monenequiz he will be demanding

monepantlazotlaya they loved each other

monequi he is required, he is needed; it

is necessary; it is required; it

is wanted; it is needed; it is

useful; it is desired; it is used;

it necessary

monequi they are required, they are

necessary; they are needed

monequia it is required, it is needed; it

was necessary; it was

desired; it was needed; it was

required; they were needed;

they were required

monequiltia he wills it

monequiz it will be needed; it will be

required; it will be necessary

monetequipachol your anguish

monetol your vow

monexti he showed himself

monextia it is shown; it shows itself

monextiaya they showed themselves, they

revealed themselves

monezahualhuiltequi the fast is broken

monnanti mothers-in-law

mononotza they confer, they consult with

one another

mononotzque they consulted among each


mononotztoque they were taking counsel with

each other

Page 61: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 61 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 61 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

monotza he is advised; he takes heed;

he thinks; he deliberates

monotza she takes heed; they are

summoned; they converse;

they deliberate; they speak to

each other

monotzani thinker, one who thinks

monotzaya he reflected

monotzaz he will take heed

montati fathers-in-law

montatli father-in-law

moohlinia they move

moolpia they gird themselves

mooquichitoa he calls himself a warrior

mopaca it is washed; they are washed

mopaccatlalia he sits down happily

mopachoa it is pressed; they press one

another together

mopahtia he excuses himself; it is cured

mopahuaci it is cooked in an olla

mopal through you

mopalehuia he helps himself

mopan on you

mopapaca she washes herself

mopapachoa he massages him; it is


mopapachoz he will be massaged

mopapahca it washes itself

mopapaloa it licks itself

mopatia they are cured

mopatla it is dissolved

mopazoloa it ruffles its hair

mopechteca he bows

mopehualtia it is started

mopepena it is gathered; it is selected; it

is chosen

mopetlahua it becomes bare, it is stripped;

it glistens; it is polished; it is

burnished; it shines

mopetlapan your reed mat

mopetlatzin your reed mat

mopia he is abstinent; it is guarded; it

is held; it is kept

mopia she guards herself; they are


mopiani chaste

mopiaya it was guarded; it was kept; it

was observed; it was stored;

they guarded themselves;

they were guarded

mopiaz it will be watched, it will cared


mopiazque they will keep themselves


mopilhuatia he begets sons; it bears its

young; it raises its young; it

brings forth its young; it

hatches its young; it produces

young; she bears children;

suckers are produced; they

rear their young

mopiloa it hangs

mopitza it becomes inflamed; it blows;

it flared; it flares up; it is

blown; it is cast; it is inflamed;

they are cast

mopixoa it is sown; they are sown

mopixqui continent

mopoani he is haughty

mopochquiotia one is fattened

mopopoxani energetic

moquechtlan on your neck, about your neck

moquentizque they will be provided with


moquequetza he hesitates; he totters

moquequetzani loafer

moquetza he arises, he gets up; it lights;

it stands; it set in; it sets in

moquetzaya he was set up; they grew

moquetzaz it sets in (e g, rain)

moquetzque they arose, they stood up;

they departed

moquichchicauhtic he became strong like a man

moquichhuatia she marries

moquichitoa he boasts of his manly deeds,

he boasts that he is a brave


moquichitoani boaster, one who boasts of

his manly deeds

moquichitotinemi he goes boasting that he is a

brave man

moquichnenequi they play the part of men

moquichnenequini he pretends to be a brave


moquichquetza he stands as a man

moquichquetzani one who stands as a man

moquichtlalia it sits up like a man

moquichtlaliani it sits like a man

moquixtia he frees himself; it is

removed; it is taken; it stems

moquixtiaya he freed himself; they freed

themselves; they escaped

mota your father

motachcauhnequia it wanted to be first

Page 62: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 62 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 62 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

motahua your fathers

motahuan your fathers

motapayollalia he sits rolls up like a ball; it


motapazoltiani nest maker

motataca they are dug out

motatzin your father; your father [h]

motatzitzinhuan your fathers

motayotzin fatherliness; your (pl)

fatherhood; your (pl)

fatherliness; your fatherliness

moteca he is stretched out; he lies

down; he stretches out; it

crouches; it extends; it is laid

out; it is placed; it is spread; it

is poured; it is served; it is

spread out; it is stretched; it is

stretched out; it lies flat; it

rests; it settles; it spreads; it

spreads out; it stretches out

moteca they are ranged about; they

are spread; they settle; they

stretch out

motecanahua it is thinned, it is made slender

motecaya it spread; it was poured; it was


motecaz it will be applied, it is to be

applied, it will be spread; it will


motecazque they will extend

motechcopa from you

moteci it is ground; it is ground up;

they are ground; they are

ground up

moteciz it will be ground, it is to be


motecpana they arrange themselves in


motecuancuepazque they will be changed into

fierce beasts

motehuilonenequi it resembles crystal

motema it is placed, it is put; she


motematiloa it is anointed

motemaz he will bathe

motempapaloa he licks his lips

motencacapatza it makes a smacking sound

with its mouth

motenehua he is called; he is known as;

he is named; he is renowned;

it is called; it is described; it is

told; it is determined; it is

expressed; it is known as; it is

mentioned; it is given

expression; it is named; it is

proclaimed; it is related; it is

said; it is stated; it was called;

it was known as; she are

mentioned; she is named; she

is called; she is mentioned;

they are called; they are

known as; they are

mentioned; they are named;

they are recorded; they are

told about

motenehuaya he was called; it was called; it

was known as; it was named;

it was said; it was affirmed; it

was stated; she was known

as; she was called; they were

called; they were known as;

they were named

motenehuaz it will be mentioned, it will be

called upon; it will be

published; it will be said; it will

be told

moteneuh it was named

motenhuitec he shouted, striking his lips

with his hand

motenmati he wonders

motenpapahuiani shouter

motentlan before your lips

motepanahuiltoca he thinks himself better than


motepapatlachoa they are crushed with a stone

motepetzin your [h] hill; your hill

motepexihuia he hurls himself from a cliff,

he throws himself from a cliff

motepexihuiz he will throw himself from a


motepiltzintiani one who adopts grandchildren

motepitztlalia he sits down firmly, fast

motepitzyollo the hardness of your heart

motepotlamia he stumbles

motepotlamiaya he stumbled

motequi it is cut

motequipachoa she becomes troubled

motequipachoani one who is troubled;


motequipachotica he is anguished

motequiquitzin your (h) task

motequiuh your task

moteteca it is spread diffusely; they are

placed one by one

motetequi they are cut up

moteteuhtlalia he sits down firmly

Page 63: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 63 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 63 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

motetia it lays eggs; it lays its eggs

motetiani egg producer

motetzahuiaya they took it as an omen

motetzotzona it is crushed; it is pounded

with a stone; they are

hammered with a stone

moteuh your stone

motezcahuia they look at themselves in the


mothotli chipmunk

motiachcauh your older brother

motilinia it extends itself; it stretches

motilmatizque they will be provided with


motiticana it becomes stretched

motlacacohuia they buy people for


motlacahualtia he abstains; he stops; she


motlacahualtiaya they abstained

motlacaitta he is regarded as a man; it is

regarded; it is respected

motlacamatiz he will prosper; she will


motlacateca he rests well

motlacatili he was born (h); it was born

(h); they were born (h)

motlacatiz she will be born (h)

motlacatlalia it is made in human form, it is

placed in human form

motlachihual your deed

motlachihualtzin your creation

motlacomolhuia it falls into the pit

motlacotiliqui they [h] do their labor

motlacua:yan your time of eating

motlacualzoma he rages over food, he gets

angry about food

motlaeltia he becomes nauseated

motlahuelquixtique they vented their wrath

motlahueltzin your fury

motlahuical your helpmate, your


motlali it took effect; it settled, it sat

down; it was laid (e g; fire)

motlalia he sits; he sits down; it is

formed; it is laid; it is set [ie;

fire]; it is made; it is placed; it

is applied; it is set; it occurs; it

is located; it places itself; it

sits down; it settles; it sits; she

sits; they are placed; they

settle; they sit down

motlalilia it is put on him

motlalique they sat down

motlalito she went to sit

motlaloa he runs; he runs away; it runs;

it runs off; it flees; they run;

they run away; they flee

motlalohuaya there was flight, there was


motlaloz he will run

motlalpiliz he will dress

motlalticpac your world

motlaltoca they take cover

motlamelauhcatlalia it sits upright

motlamiahua her teeth are darkened; teeth

are darkened; they darken

their teeth

motlamiahuaz the teeth will be darkened

motlamina it forms runners; it sends out


motlampacaz he will clean his teeth

motlan your teeth

motlancuatoxahua he falls on his knees

motlancuaxipehua he skins his knees

motlanoquilia he is purged

motlanpacaz the teeth will be washed

motlantzicuatiliaya they filed their teeth

motlantzin your teeth

motlantzinco with you [h

motlaocol your grief, your sadness

motlapal your force

motlapaloa he is daring; they dare

motlapana they hatch

motlapanani that which breaks up

motlapilchihual your sin

motlaquentia they clothe themselves; they

are clothed

motlaquentiz he will cover himself, he will

clothe himself

motlaquentizque they will be provided with


motlatia it is fired, it is burned; they are


motlatiz he will be burned; he will burn


motlatizque they will hide themselves

motlatlacol your fault, your sin

motlatlacolnamictia they incur sins, they do wrong

motlatlahuantia they each one get drunk,


motlatlalia he sits down; it forms; it is

placed; it is set (ie; fire); they

are each set down; they each

Page 64: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 64 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 64 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

seated themselves

motlatlaloa it flees, it runs; they each run


motlatlaloz she will run

motlatlapitzal your flute

motlatlatiliani one that stores things, one

that hides things

motlatol your speech; your statement;

your words; your word; your


motlatoltia he speaks

motlatoltzin your [h] word; your word

motlatqui your possession, your


motlatquitzin your property, your


motlaxapochhuiz he will throw himself into a


motlaxquia he roasts [something] for


motlayecoltia he gains a livelihood; he gains

his livelihood; he earns his

living; he makes a living; it

hunts food

motlayecoltia one who gains his livelihood,

one who works; they gain their


motlayecoltiani one that hunts food; one who

gains a livelihood

motlaza it is thrown away

motlazotlani person who is jealous of her


motlehuatzaz it will roast

motlehuia he has a fever; he has fever; it

has fever; they have fever

motleyotia one is made famous

motlilchachapatz blotched with black; it is

blotched with black; it was

spattered with black

motlilzahua he fast in black

motoca it is buried; it is planted

motocaya they were buried

motocayoti he was named; it is named; it

was called; it was named; it

was referred to

motocayotia he is called, he is known as;

he is named; he is given the

name; it is called; it is named;

it is given the name; it was

named; it was called; she is

named; they are called; they

are named; they call


motocayotiaya it was called; it was named; it

was given the name; they

were called; they were given

the names

motocayotique they were named, they were

given the name; they were


motocayotiz it will be called

motolinia he is poor; he suffers; he is

unfortunate; it suffers

motolinia she is poor; she suffers; they

are afflicted; they suffer; they

are poor; they are

unfortunate; they are


motoliniani one who is poor

motoliniaya they were poor

motoliniz he will suffer

motoliniz she will suffer

motolinizque they will be poor

motomahua it thickens

motompitzoa it gushes

motonacayouh your sustenance, your food

mototoloa it is swallowed

mototopalquetza they appear pompous

motta he is seen; it is considered; it

is seen; it is found

mottac it was seen

mottaya it was seen

motzacua it is closed up; it is stopped; it

is stopped up

motzcuinpoloani she brings herself to ruin like

a dog

motzehtzetzeloa it keeps beating its wings

motzetzeloa it beats its wings; it is

scattered; it is shaken out; it is

sifted out; it is strained; it is

sifted; it shakes itself

motzetzeloa they beat [ie, wings]

motzetzeloani wing-beater

motzinehua she backs away, she retreats

motzinquixtia they draw away, they

withdraw, they retreat

motzitzinnamaca she becomes a paramour, she

practices prostitution

motzonicquetza he falls head first

motzotzona it is beaten; she is beaten; she

is pounded; they beat each


motzoyonia it is cooked

motzoyoniz it will be cooked

moxahua she paints her face; they paint

Page 65: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 65 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 65 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

their faces

moxahuaya faces were smeared, faces

were made up

moxanchihua adobe bricks are made

moxancopina it is molded into adobe bricks

moxaxahua she variously paints her face

moxayac your face

moxca it is baked; it is fired; it is


moxexeloa they divide into groups

moxima he is shorn; his hair is cut; his

hair is shorn; it is carved; it is

shaved; it is cut; it is planed; it

is trimmed off; it molts; they

cut their hair; they preen

moximaya their hair was shorn, their hair

was cut; they did cut their hair

moximaz it will be carved

moxinachiotia it forms seeds

moxinachoa it is propagated; it is

engendered; seeds scatter;

they breed

moxinachyotia it produces seed

moxinqui molted

moxipehua it is barked, it is peeled

moxiuhnenequi it resembles turquoise

moxixa it defecates

moxixima it is carved

moxiximaya it was carved

moxochiotia it blossoms; it forms blossoms

moxochiotiani blossomer, bloomer; producer

of blossoms

moxochiotlaza it sheds blossoms

moxocoyotia it forms fruit

moxotla it is incised

moxoxouhcaih it is drunk uncooked

moya it is shelled

moyacacuitl your nasal mucous

moyacatlaza it sends out a shoot

moyacatlazani producer of runners

moyacatoxahua he falls on his nose

moyacatzayana he tears off his nose

moyahua it is disseminated, it spreads;

it scatters

moyahua they spread out

moyahuallalia it coils itself

moyahualochtia it is placed around the edge

moyaochichihua them arm themselves for war;

they arm themselves for war;

they array themselves for war

moyaochichiuhque they armed themselves for

war; they arrayed themselves

for battle

moyaochichiuhtihuitze they come arrayed for war

moyaomiquili he [h] died in war

moyecihmati he is wise

moyectia it cleans itself; it grooms itself

moyectilia it is made good, it is perfected

moyectlalia it is made good, it is perfected

moyehuatoca he thinks himself superior

moyehyectia it cleans itself

moyeliz your being, your nature

moyolitlacoani compassionate

moyolitlacoz he will be affronted, he will be


moyollalia they are content

moyollaliz he will be content, he will be


moyollalizque they will be comforted

moyollo his heart; its heart

moyollo your heart

moyollotechihua he steels himself

moyollotzin their heart; your [h] heart; your


moyolnonotzaya he consulted within his heart

mozahua he fasts

mozahua they fast

mozahuani one who fasts

mozahuaya he fasted; she fasted; she

should fast; they fasted; they

should fast

mozahuazque they will fast, they will do


mozalo it was joined, it was glued

mozaloa it is joined, it is glued; they are

joined; they are glued

mozalohua it is joined, it is glued

mozauhque they fasted

mozaz he will be anointed

mozcalia he is discreet; he is educated;

he is instructed; he is trained;

he is mature; he is prudent; he

is revived; he is skilled; he

rouses himself; he revives

himself; he comes to his

senses; it comes to life; it

grows; it is discreet

mozcalia she is discreet; she is reared;

they are able; they revive

mozcaliani he is able; one who is able;

one who is discreet; one who

is prudent; one who is trained

mozcaliaya they were trained

mozcaliz he will be instructed, he will be

Page 66: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 66 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 66 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


mozcaltia it grows; it grows bigger

mozcohua they warm themselves

mozoma he is enraged, he becomes


mozoma she becomes enraged, she

becomes angry

mozomaltzin your wrath, your anger

mozomani one who becomes enraged

mozomaz he will be wrathful, he will

frown in anger; he will be

wroth; he will become angry

mozonehua it bristles

mozti your claws

moztitzin your claws

moztla on the morrow, the next day;

tomorrow; on the next day

moztla huiptla for a little while; in a short time

moztlacahuiaya they fool themselves, they

deceive themselves

nabos turnip

nacacanahuac thin-fleshed

nacacuani meat eater, flesh eater

nacahua meat owner

nacamacac meat seller

nacanamacac meat seller

nacatamalli meat tamale

nacatepol very hard-fleshed, very firm-


nacatetic hard-fleshed, firm-fleshed

nacatic flesh-like; full bodied

nacatilahuac thick-fleshed

nacatl flesh; meat

nacaxoxouhqui raw meat

nacayo flesh; fleshy; having flesh

nacayocanahuac thin-fleshed

nacazchihchipichtic having droplet-shaped ears

nacazcuitlatl ear wax

nacazhuihuiac having long ears

nacazhuihuitztic having pointed ears

nacazpalaniliztli ear ulcer

nacazpapatlactic having a blunt snout, having a

wide nose

nacaztli ear

nacaztzontli hair of the ear

nacel my louse nits

naci i arrive

naciz i will reach

nacochtli ear plug

nahci i arrive

nahmapilli four fingers (e g, of a drink)

nahuacalli four boats

nahualcalaquia they entered in disguise

nahualcuahuitl sorcerer's staff

nahualli sorcerer, sorceress

nahuallotl sorcery

nahuat he spoke aloud

nahuati he speaks; he speaks aloud; it

sounds clear; they speak; they

speak aloud

nahuatlatoa they speak nahuatl

nahuatlatolli clear words; nahuatl language

nahuatlatolpan in the nahuatl language

nahui four

nahui my aunt

nahuilhuitl four days

nahuiluitl four days

nahuin four

nahuinti four

nahuintin four

nahuixti four

nahuixtin four

naltic translucent

naltona translucent

namacapolcua i eat mulberries

namechontlapializ i will guard for you [pl]

namique he has a spouse

namiqueque married persons

namonan i am your [pl] mother

namota i am your [pl] father

nanacatl mushroom

nanahuapatli pustule medicine

nanahuatl pustule; pustules

nanalca it snarls

nanalcatica it is snarling

nanaltona ever translucent

nanchihualo he becomes a mother

nantequitl duty of motherhood

nantin mothers

nantli mother

napa four times

napazchihua i make basins

napilolchihua i make water jars

napizmiqui i am dying of hunger, i am


nappa four times

nappan four times

nappoalilhuitl eighty days

nauhcamatl four mouthfuls

nauhcampa at four places; four places; in

four directions; in four places;

on four sides

nauhcan four parts

nauhilhuitl four days

Page 67: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 67 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 67 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

nauhtetl four

nauhtzontli sixteen hundred

nauhxihuitl four years

nauhxiuhtica every four years

naxca my property

nayoachcua i eat gourd seeds or squash


nayohuachcua i eat gourd seeds or squash


nayohuachihcequi i parch gourd seeds or squash


nayohuachquixtia i remove the gourd seeds

nayotl motherhood

nayotlapana i break the gourd open; i

break the turtle open

ne i, me

ne-zahualo there is fasting

ne:xohua appear

nea:to:ya:huilo fall into a river

neacomanalo there is disquiet, people are


nec then

neca:hualo remain

necacahualo there is dispersal

necacalaquilo there is repeated entering

necaco hear each other

necahualoya it ceased, it stopped

necalihuac there was fighting

nececentlalilo there was gathering together

on the part of each one

necentlalilo there is assembling, there is

gathering together

nechahua he chides me, he scolds me

nechcuaznequiz it will want to eat me

nechicoitoa he speaks ill of me, he

gossips about me

nechihua he sends me away

nechititzayanaz he will break open my entrails

nechixcuelitta they look askance at me

nechmaca they give it to me

necho:quizcui:cati:lo there are tearful songs

nechoquililo there is weeping

nechoquiztlapalolo there are tearful greetings;

people greet each other


nechtlazotlazquia he should have valued me, he

should have esteemed me

nechtolinia he abuses me, he causes me

pain, he afflicts me

neci he appears; it appears; it

comes; it comes to light; it is

apparent; it is clear; it is

evident; it is found; it is seen;

it looks; it presents itself; it

resembles; it seems; it shows;

it is plain; they appear

necia he appeared; it appeared; it

came; it looked; they

appeared; they looked like

necico it came to appear

neciz he will appear; it will appear; it

will be at hand; it will be plain;

it will be evident

necnelilmatiliztli gratitude

neco it is desired

neco they are desired

necoc at both ends; at each end

necoc on both ends; on both sides;

at both ends; in two ways;


necoc yaotl traitor

necocampa on both sides

necoccampa on both sides; at both ends

necoctene he is two-faced

neconi desirable; that which is useful;


necuatolli atole with honey

necuazcatl honey ant

necuepalo hear each other

necui:cati:lo there is singing

necuiltonolli wealth; contentment;

prosperity; riches; richness

necuiltonoloya land of wealth; rich place

neehehualo there is arising, people get up

nehmachoya esteemed place

nehnexehuaticac it stands ash-colored

nehto:ti:lo people dance

nehtotiloya there was dancing

nehuapahualiztli education; growing up;

upbringing; rearing

nehuapol i, me

nehuatl i; me; me i

nehuitzmanaliztli offering of thorns

nehzo:tlalo there is vomiting

neihuintiliztli intoxication, drunkenness

nel in truth; truly; verily

nel really, in truth, truly

nelhuayohuac it originated

nelhuayopitzahuac having slender roots

nelhuayotomahuac thick-rooted, having thick


nelli in truth, truly; true; truth

nelpililo people wrap themselves up

neltic true

Page 68: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 68 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 68 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

neltiliztlatolli word of truth

neltiliztli truth

neltiz it will be the truth, it will be

realized; it will become true

nemalhui:lo one takes care

nemaltilo there is confinement, there is

captive taking

nemamauhtilo there is constant fear, there is

constant fright

nemanaliztli act of placing, act of laying out

nematcayotl courtesy

nematiliztli prudence

nemauhtilo there is awe; there is fear;

everyone is frightened; there

is fright

nemauhtiloya there was fear

nemecatiliztli concubinage

nemi he goes, he walks; he lives; it

lives; it grows; it nemi; it walks

nemi they dwell, they live; they walk

nemia he lived; he walked; they lived

nemico he came to live, he came to


nemictiliztli murder

nemiliztli life; conduct; way of life

nemilizyotl conduct

nemini dweller; one who lives;


nemitiloni breedable

nemito they went to live

nemiz he will live; he is to live

nemiz she will life; she will live

nemiznequi he wants to live

nemizque they will live

nemoa one lives, people live

nemohua appear

nen in vain

nenantilo he is made a mother

nenca it had lived; she had lived

nencihuatl profitless woman

neneciz it will repeatedly appear

nenecoc at both ends; on both sides;

on each side

nenecuiltic twisted

nenemi it travels; it walks

nenemi she walks

nenemiliztli life

nenemiz he will walk

nenemiz she will walk

nenemiznequi she wishes to walk

nenenque travelers

nenepanoliztli union

nenepilli tongue

nenepilmaxaltic having a forked tongue

nenepiltexquimiliuhcayotl coating on the tongue

neneuctic extremely sweet; sweet

nenexquetzalo there is preparing of ashes

nenonotzale one who is advised

nenonotzalli account; common opinion;

consensus; counsel; fable;

legend; tradition

nenonotzalo there is consultation; there is

deliberation; there is

consulting; council is held;

there is conversing; there is


nenonotzaloc there was consultation

nenonotzaloya there was consultation, there

was plotting

nenoquich profitless man

nenpehua he starts in vain

nenque they lived

nenquizaz he will not go forth in vain

nenquizqui worthless, useless

nenti he fails

nentlacatl useless; useless man; useless

person; worthless person;


nentlacayotl uselessness

nentlamati he is anguished

nentlatlatolli useless discussion

nepacholo there is pressing together of

one another

nepanotl a mutual thing

nepantla tonatiuh at midday; noon

nepapaco there is washing

nepapan different, various; different


nepializtli chastity

nequehquetzalo there is jostling

nequentilo people wrap themselves in


nequentiloni something for clothing one's


nequentiloya there was wearing

nequetzalo stand up

netatilo he is made a father

neteco there is stretching out, there is

lying down

netenhuitecoya there was the striking of the

hand against the mouth

netepehxihui:lo fall from a crag

netepotlamilo there is stumbling, people


Page 69: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 69 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 69 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

netequiliztli cut, wound

netequipacholli torment, affliction

netla:lilo sit down

netlalilo there is sitting down

netlalolli running

netlalolo there is flight, there is running

netlaloloc there was flight, there was


netlamachtilli prosperity; riches

netlamachtiloya land of riches

netlancuicuihuaz there will be tooth cleaning,

people will clean their teeth

netlapacholo there is dressing, people

clothe themselves

netlapololtiliztli confusion; folly

netlatlalilo there was the seating of each


netlatlalolo there is flight, there is running;

there is running on the part of

each one

netlayecoltiliztli profession

netlazotlaliztli self-esteem

netoliniliztli poverty, misery; affliction;


netoliniloya place of misery

netonatiuhzahualoa there is fasting for the sun

netotiliztli dance, dancing

netotilo there is dancing; people


netotiloya there was dancing

netotiloz there will be dancing, people

are to dance

nettoni mirror

netzatzililo there is shouting at each other

netzomilli nasal mucus

neucnamacac maguey syrup seller

neuctamalli tamal made with honey

neuctetzahuac thick syrup

neuctic honey-like; honeyed; sweet;

syrupy; like honey

neuctica sweet; with honey; by means

of honey

neuctitlan in honey

neuctlaxcalli tortilla made with honey

neuctli honey; maguey syrup; nectar;


neuctzocaltic very sweet

neuctzopatic very honey-like; very sweet

neuctzopiltic very sweet

neucyo honeyed, honey-like; maguey


nexcacayactic ashen and scant

nexcococ having a taste like ashes;

tasting of ashes; tasting of


nexectic ashen, ash-colored

nexehua ashen, ash-colored

nexehua it becomes ashen

nexehuac ash-colored; gray; ashen; grey

nexehuacaticectic chalky-ashen

nexehuaque ashen

nexhuauhtli gray amaranth seed

nexi:malo there is shaving

neximalitztli obsidian razor; razor

neximaliztli act of trimming hair

neximaloni razor

nexochizahualo there is flower fasting

nexotlaliztli burn

nexpan in ashes

nexpixolo ashes are scattered

nextic ashen; ash-colored; gray

nextique ashen

nextitlan in the ashes

nextlahualiztli debt payment; debt-payment

nextlahualli offering

nextlahualoya there was paying of the debt

nextlalli ashen land; ashen soil

nextlatilli ashen mound

nextli ash; ashes

nextontli rather ashen

nexyayactic ashen; dark ashen

neyolcuitiliztlatolli confession

nez he appeared; it appeared

nezahualcuachtli fasting cape

nezahualiztli abstinence, fasting

nezahualoya everyone fasted, there was

fasting; there was abstaining

nezcalilizcali school

nezcaliliztlatolli words of training

nezcaltiliztli rearing

nezcaltiloya they were trained

nezohuaya there was drawing of blood

nezotlaliztli vomiting

nezotlalo there is vomiting

nezotlaloz there will be vomiting, there is

to be vomiting

nezque it appeared

nia i go

niauh i go

niaz i will go

nica i am

nicachihua i make bowls

nicaci i catch it

Page 70: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 70 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 70 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

nicahahuitzana i remove its wings

nicahua i scold him, i quarrel with him

nicalaqui i enter

nican here; in this place; native

nican tlaca natives; local people

nicana i take it, i seize it

nicapolcua i eat cherries

nicapolnamaca i sell cherries

nicapoltzetzeloa i shake the cherry tree

nicatilia i melt

nicaxchihua i make bowls

niccalaquiz i will introduce him, i will put

him inside

niccanahua i thin it

niccaquiz i will hear it

nicchichiqui i plane it, i scrape it

nicchihua i do it; i work it; i make it

nicchihuaz i will do it

niccochitlehua i see it in dreams

niccozcatlalia i form it into a necklace

niccualnextia i beautify it

niccuaz i will eat it

niccuitlapilhuihuitla i pluck its tail

nichuica i take it, i carry it

nichuicaz i will bring it

nicma i knew, i realized

nicmahuizoznequi i wish to marvel at it

nicmamaliz i will perforate it, i will make a

hole in it

nicmapilhuia i point at it

nicmati i know it

nicmelahuaz i will explain it, i will spread it


nicnemitia i breed them; i raise it

nicnencua i eat it in vain

nicnixnextilia i gain from it

nicnocozcatia i provide myself a necklace of


nicnomacuextia i provide myself a bracelet of it

nicnotlapehualtia i begin it for myself

nicnottiliz i will see him [h]

nicnoxacaltia i make myself a hut

nicochitlehuaz i shall see in dreams

nicochiz i will sleep

nicochpana i sweep the road

nicomalchihua i make griddles

nicomalixca i fire griddles

nicoyotl i am a coyote; i become a


nicpachichina i suck it

nicpatlahua i widen it

nicpetlahua i shine it

nicpia i guard it

nicpinauhtia i shame him

nicpitza i blow it

nicquetza i set it up

nicquixtia i bring it forth

nictemiqui i dream it

nictencopina i remove its bill

nictenextlatia i burn it to make lime

nictenmelahua i straighten the edge

nictequi i cut it

nictequiliz i will place it for him, i will lay it

for him

nictimaloa i exalt it

nictlacacihuitia i tame it, i domesticate it

nictlacuicuilia i clean it up

nictlalia i form it, i put it; i place it

nictlatolchie i await his word

nictlatolchielia i await his word

nictlaxichtoca i stake it

nictlazotla i esteem him

nictoca i follow it

nictolcapoyotia i temper it with reed stem


nictoliniz i will abuse him, i will cause

him pain

nictzetzeloa i shake it

nictzotzona i beat it, i pound it

nicuic i took it, i seized it

nicxacualoa i knead it

nicxalhuia i polish it with sand

nicxaxamania i make it crackle

nicxaxamatza i make it crunch

nicxipetzoa i smooth it

nicxiuhtzacua i affix turquoise to it

nicxoxouhcacua i eat it raw

nicyectia i improve it

nicyocoya i form it

nicyolehua i incite him

nihua i am sent

nihuallaz i will come

nihuauhmateloa i rub amaranth in my hands

nihuauhpixoa i sow amaranth

nihuauhpoztequi i thresh amaranth

nihuauhteca i plant amaranth

nihuauhyectia i clean amaranth

nihuecahuaz i will tarry, i will delay

nihuehue i am an old man

nihuetzi i fall

nihuintic i am drunk

nilama i am an old woman

nilatzoyotia i make things dirty

Page 71: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 71 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 71 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

nimacehualli i am a commoner

niman absolutely; extremely; really;

completely; forthwith; then; at

once; immediately; now; soon;

thereupon; whereupon

niman oncan right there

nimeaquia i transplant maguey

nimepachoa i press the maguey in

nimepixoa i sow maguey

nimeteca i plant maguey

nimetlalia i set out maguey, i plant


nimetlapana i break up the maguey

nimiqui i die

nimitzcalxaxapotlaz i will break a hole in your


nimitzcaquitia i cause you to hear it, i inform

you of it

nimitzihizahuiz i will frighten you

nimitzmaca i give it to you

nimitzmacaz i will give it to you

nimitzmamauhtiz i will terrify you

nimitznotlatolchialia i await your command

nimitznotza i address you, i call out to you;

i call to you

nimitztzatzilia i cry out to you; i shout to you

nimizquicua i eat mesquite

nimonan i am your mother

nimoteuczoma i am moteuczoma

nimotlan i am your tooth

nimozti i am your fingernail

ninacanacacuicui i pick mushroooms

ninalahua i slip

ninanacacua i eat mushrooms

ninanacaheehua i gather mushrooms

ninecuehua i remove the maguey syrup

ninehuaz i will arise, i will get up

ninemi i live

ninenecuehua i remove the maguey syrup

from each one

nineuctlatia i heat the maguey syrup

ninochichiuh i arrayed myself

ninocuaz i will eat myself

ninohueilia i become big, i grow

ninomati i consider myself; i regard


ninomayahui i throw myself, i cast myself

ninomixihuia i take jimsonweed

ninonanacahuia i take mushrooms, i supply

myself with mushrooms

ninopepetlahua i take off my clothing

ninoquetza i arise, i stand

ninotepotlamia i trip

ninotlampaca i wash my teeth

ninotlancuicui i pick my teeth

ninotlaza i throw myself, i cast myself

ninotomahua i enlarge

ninoyollaliz i will comfort myself, i will be


ninoztotema i place myself in a cave

nipepetlaca i glisten

niqui i drink it

niquilnamiqui i think about it, i remember it

niquimacui i take it in hand

niquimichti i become a mouse

niquinchopini i peck at them

niquinecui i smell it

niquitlacoz i will become a slave

niquito i said it

niquitoa i say; i say it; i repeat it

niquitta i see it; i discover it

niquittac i saw it, i came upon it

niquittaz i will see him

niquittaznequi i wish to see it

niquixpitzinia i smash it in the eye

niquixtelolopitzinia i smash it in the eyeball

niquixteloloquixtia i remove its eyeball

niquiz i will drink it

niteconchihua i make pots

nitemetzchipahua i purify lead

nitemetzpaca i wash lead

nitemetztemoa i search for lead

nitemetztlalcui i gather pulverized lead

nitemetztlallatia i heat pulverized lead

nitemetztlallatilia i fire pulverized lead

nitemetztlaltataca i excavate pulverized lead

nitemetztlaza i remove lead

nitemiqui i dream

nitemiquiz i shall dream

nitemixihuia i give jimsonweed to someone

nitemoc i came down, i descended; i

was born

niteocuitlapaca i wash gold

nitepetleco i climb the mountain

nitepozpitza i cast copper

nitepuzatilia i liquefy copper

nitexcalcehuia i cool the oven

nitic within me

niticitl i am a midwife

nitlachie i behold

nitlachipahua i make something clean

nitlachiqui i abrade something, i scrape

something; I scrape

Page 72: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 72 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 72 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

nitlachix i beheld

nitlacopina i mold things

nitlacopinalchihua i make things with molds

nitlacua i eat

nitlacua:z i will eat

nitlacualnextia i embellish something; i make

things beautiful

nitlacuammihuia i pry something

nitlacuatihuetzi i eat hurriedly

nitlacuiloa i paint

nitlahuica i carry something, i carry


nitlaixchipahua i clean the surface of


nitlaixyectia i improve the surface of


nitlamani i am a captor, i am a taker of


nitlancotoni i break my teeth

nitlanecui i smell something

nitlanezomalti i was overwrought

nitlanquiquici i whistle through my teeth

nitlapalihui i am a field hand

nitlapanchichihua i smooth the terrace

nitlapantlalcui i gather the terrace earth

nitlapantlallaza i remove the terrace earth

nitlapantlallecahuia i raise up the terrace earth

nitlapetlahua i polish something

nitlatexcaltema i fire things in an over

nitlatlahuia i redden something

nitlatlapachoa i provide the roof

nitlatlapana i break something up

nitlatoani i am ruler

nitlatzohuia i snare something

nitlatzontlapoa i take off the roof

nitlayohualli i am darkness

nitolinilo i am tormented, i am caused

to suffer

nitoliniloz i will be abused, i will be


nitotolpixqui i am a turkey caretaker

nitzoaloa i make amaranth seed dough

nitzotzocolchihua i make large water jars

nixalpaca i wash sand

nixalpitza i blow sand

nixalteci i pulverize sand

nixalyectia i purify sand, i clean sand

nixamana i remove adobe bricks

nixancopina i make adobe bricks

nixantlaza i lay adobe bricks

nixayo my tears

nixcoyan myself, on my own


nixilotl i am an ear of green maize

nixiuhzaloa i glue turquoise

nixochichihua i make flowers

nixochiehua i remove flowers

nixochimana i offer flowers; i lay flowers on

the ground

nixochipixoa i sow flowers

nixochitemoa i seek flowers, i look for


nixochitequi i pick flowers, i cut flowers

nixochitetequi i continue to cut flowers; i pick

different flowers; i cut different


nixochitlacuicuilia i assemble flowers

nixochitlalia i arrange flowers; i arrange


nixochitoca i plant flowers

nixochizo i thread a flower

nixochizozo i thread flowers

nixococihui my teeth are set on edge

nixpampa in my presence

nixtlamati i am wise

niya i go

niyauh i go

niyaz i will go

niyez i will be

niyolmiqui i faint

niyolpaqui my heart is delighted

niyolpolihui i am troubled

nizoquichihua i make it out of clay

niztatlalapachohua i leach the alkaline soil

niztatlalololohua i heap up alkaline soil

niztatlatia i make salt

niztayochihua i make brine, i make salt water

no also; also same; as well as;

likewise; too

no ce another

no cenca especially

no ceppa once again

no ihcuac at the same time

no iuhqui same

nochan my home; my house

nochpochtze o my maiden

nochpochtzin my daughter

nochpotzin my dear daughter

nochtlaxcalli tortilla made with tuna cactus


nocihuapiltzin my beloved noblewoman; my

noblewoman; my young


noconana i grasp it

Page 73: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 73 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 73 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

noconcui i grasp it

noconetzin my beloved child

noconiyahua i raise him in dedication, i

raise him in offering, i offer


noconpaloz i will taste it

noctlalia i make pulque, wine

nocuica my song

nohnoltic each one curved

nohquetza i travel the road

nohuia everywhere

nohuiampa in all directions, everywhere

nohuian everywhere; all about; all

around; all over; all places; in

all parts; in all places;


nohuianpa everywhere, in all directions

nohuiya everywhere

nohuiyampa everywhere; in all parts; from

everywhere; from all parts; to


nohuiyan everywhere; all about; in all

directions; in all parts; in all


nolihui they become curved

noliuhqui twisted

noltic curved; twisted; wrinkled

nomac in my hand

nomal my captive

nomiuh my arrow; my dart

nonacayo my body

nonamic my wife

noncua apart, separately; alone; aside

noncuah apart, separately

nonequixtil my duty; my obligation

nonhuetzi i fall

nonneci i appear

nonnohuitequi i beat myself

nonnotta i see myself

nonoc i lie, i rest

nononcua apart, separately; each one

alone; individually

nonopilhuantzitzin my beloved sons; my sons

nonotzale counselor; one who has

wisdom; one who is advised

nonotzaleque conjurers

nonotzalo he is admonished

nonotzaloc it was announced

nonotzaloya he was admonished

nontlatoa i speak

nontli dumb, speechless

nopalia nopal patch

nopalli tuna cactus

nopan on me; to me

nopilhuane o my sons

nopilhuantzitzin my beloved children; my

children; my sons

nopilhuantzitzine o my beloved sons; o my sons

nopiltzintzine o my beloved son; o my

nobleman; o my sons

nopolihuia my destruction

noquichpiltzin my beloved boy

noquichtihuan my older brothers

notatzin my beloved father

notech on me

notelpochtzin my beloved youth

notelpotzine o my youth, o my noble youth

notenahuatil my commandment

noteouh my god

notequiuh my burden; my task

noteucyo my lord

notlacual my food

notlatol my talk, my speech, my word;

my words

notlatqui my goods, my possession

notlaxcal my tortilla

notlazopiltzin my precious noble one; my

precious son

notocatzin my name

notonatiuh my sun

notopil my staff

notzalo he is addressed; he is


notzalo they are summoned

notzaloni tractable

notzaloque they were called

notzalotoc he is called to

notzaloya they were called

notzaloz he will be called

notzotzoma my rags

notztli i am pregnant

noxayac my face

noxhuiuhticatzine o my grandson

noxhuiuhtze my beloved grandson

noxhuiuhtzine o my grandson

noxocoyohue o my youngest child

noxocoyouh my youngest child

noyacauh my nose

noyaz i will go

noyolcauh my animal

noyollo my heart

nozo or

oachitzin a little, a little bit

oachto first

Page 74: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 74 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 74 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

oacic he arrived; he reached; it

arrived; it finished; it reach; it


oacico he came to arrive; he came to

reach; it came to arrive; they

came to arrive; they came to


oacique they arrived

oacito he arrived, he went to arrive;

he went to reach there]; it

arrived; it reached [him]; they

arrived; they reach [there];

they reached [there]; they

went; they went to arrive

[there]; they went to arrive;

they went to reach [there]

oanhuallaque you (pl) came

oanoc he was chosen, he was

picked; he was seized; he was


oanquimictique you (pl) killed him

oatix it melted, it became molten

oax he did

oaxihuac he was seized, he was


oc other; still; yet

oc still, yet; besides; first; more

oc yet, still

oc cenca especially

oc cepa again

oc ceppa again; once again

oc cequi others, even more; the rest;

still others

ocachihuiliaya they prepared drink for him,

they prepared chocolate for


ocacic he captured it; she captured


ocacique they captured him; they

seized him

ocalac he entered

ocalaquico he came to enter, he came to

go in; they came to enter

ocalaquito he went to enter; it went to

enter; it went to set; they went

to enter

ocalti she bathed him

ocanato she went to get him

ocatca he was; it had been; it was;

they were

occan two places

ocelo ocelots, ocelot warriors

ocelocueitl ocelot skirt

ocelocuicuiltic varicolored like an ocelot

oceloe o ocelot warriors

oceloehuacactli ocelot skin sandal

oceloehuaicpalli ocelot skin seat

oceloehuatepotzoicpalli ocelot skin seat with a back


oceloehuatl ocelot skin

ocelohuehuetl ocelot drum

ocelome ocelots

ocelopetlapan on the ocelot mat

ocelopetlatl ocelot mat

ocelotamalli spotted tamale

ocelotepotzoicpalli ocelot skin seat

ocelotetepoyo having an ocelot claw design

ocelotic like an ocelot

ocelotilmatli ocelot cape; cape with an

ocelot design

ocelotiz he will be an ocelot warrior

ocelotl ocelot; ocelot warrior

ocelotlachicomitl ocelot wine jar

ocelotlatzacuillotl ocelot gate

ocelotle o ocelot warrior

ocelotzontecoyo having an ocelot head

oceloyotl bravery; ocelot warriorhood;

status of the ocelot warrior

ocemilhuitl for a day

oceuh it calmed; it went out; it was


ochicahuac it became firm

ochihualoc it was made

ochoquiztli weeping

ochpantli highway; main road

ochpanzolli old main road

ocihuacoch he slept with a woman

ocihuamic his wife died

ococalcueitl pine nut skirt

ococalli pine wood cage

ococintli pine nut

ococuahuitl pine branch; pine log; pine

tree; pine stave; pine wood

ococuauhtica with pine boughs, using pine

boughs; with pine staves; by

means of pine staves

ocome pine sticks, torches

oconaaltique they bathed him

oconalti he bathed it

oconcahuato he went to leave him; they

went to leave him

oconcaquiti she informed him of it

oconcauh he abandoned it, he left it

oconchiuh he did it, he performed it

oconcuico he came to take it; they came

Page 75: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 75 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 75 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

to take it

oconcuito they went to take it

oconic he drank it

oconittac he found it, he saw it

oconpalo he tasted it

oconquechcotonque they beheaded it

oconquixti he brought it forth, he made it

flow out

ocontecac he spread it out

ocontlali he placed it

ocontlalito they went to place it; they

went to set it

ocontoyauh he poured it

ocontzonquixti he ended it

oconxipeuhque they flayed her

oconyahualoque they encircled it, they

surrounded it

ocopilli pine fire brand; pine torch;


ocotl pine; pine (resin); pine stick;

pine wood; torch

ocotochehuatl lynx skin; bobcat skin

ocotochin bobcat

ocotochtli bobcat; mountain cat

ocotzocuahue possessor of pine resin trees

ocotzocuicui he collects pine resin

ocotzocuicuini collector of pine resin

ocotzohua possessor of pine resin

ocotzonamaca he sells pine resin

ocotzonamacac pine resin seller

ocotzotica with pine resin, by means of

pine resin; using pine resin

ocotzotl pine resin; resin

ocotzoyo having pine resin

ocoxochitl pine flower

ocozacatl pine-tree grass

octlali wine-maker

octlaliloya wine shop

octli maguey wine; pulque; wine

ocualittoc he was seen to be suitable

ocualoc it was eaten

ocuepon it bloomed; it blossomed; it

burst out

ocuilcuacuah decayed, worm-eaten

ocuilcualo it becomes worm-eaten

ocuili worm; worms

ocuilin worm; worms

ocuilti worms

ocuiltin worms

ocuilton little worm; small worm

ocuiltoton little worms

ohecoque they arrived

ohiximati he knows the road, he is

famililar with the road

ohmati he knows the road

ohonoc it lies, it extends

ohontetl two

ohpitzactli trail, narrow road; path

ohtli road

ohuac it dried; it dried out

ohualacic he arrived

ohualan it broke out

ohualhuiloac there was going forth

ohualla he came; it came

ohuallacat it was born

ohuallaque they came

ohuallathuic it dawned, day broke

ohualmocuep he returned

ohualquiz he came forth; it arose [ie;

sun]; it came out; it emerged;

it came forth; she came forth

ohualtemoc he descended

ohualtemoque they climbed down, they


ohuapahuac he matured

ohuatl green corn stalk; green maize


ohuehueixque they grew large

ohuehuetic it became like an old man

ohueix it grew

ohuel well

ohuelacic it arrived

ohuelhuehuetic he grew very old

ohuelhuetz he fell

ohuellayohuac it became very dark

ohuetz he fell

ohuetz it fell

ohuetzico it came to fall

ohui it is difficult

ohuican dangerous place; difficult

place; inaccessible place;

difficult time

ohuican quizaz he will come to a bad end

ohuih grave, difficult

ohuihuiloac there was going on the part of

each one

ohuitecoc he was struck

ohuitlatolli insinuation

ohzolli old road

oicamac in its mouth

oichtec he stole

oihcuac when

oihtlacauh it became corrupted

oihualoque they were sent

Page 76: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 76 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 76 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

oihuintic she was drunk

oilamatic it became like an old woman

oimac in its claws, in its paws; in

their hands

oimacaxoya they were feared

oimpan on them

oinmac in their hands

ointlan among them

oinyollo their heart

oiquechtlan on its neck

oitlacauh it was damaged

oitoloc it was ordained, it was said; it

was determined

oittaloque they were seen

oittoc he was seen; it was seen

oittoque they were seen; they were


oiuccic it cooked; it got heated;


oiuccique they cooked

oixnez he appeared [before people]

oiztlacatiaque they lied

olcactli rubber sandal

olchapoli rubber grasshopper

olia it trembles

olin movement

olini it moves

ollacotl green branch

olli rubber

ololauhqui round; roundish

ololihui it becomes round

ololiuhqui round; rounded

ololpatic very round

ololpipil small and round

ololpol round

ololtic round

ololtontli small and round

olopitzahuac having a slender cob

olotl corncob

olteteo rubber gods

oltia it is resilient

oltic resilient; rubbery; rubber-

colored; rubber-like; yielding

omac on two hands, on two sides

omachoc it was known, it was found out

omacic he matured; mature

omalacachiuh he became round

omaltic he was taken captive, he

became a captive

omaltique they bathed themselves

omaxac at the crossroads; corssroads

omaxix he urinated

omaxixtzauc his urine was blocked

ome two; both; couple

omen two

omenti two

omentin two; both

ometochtecomatl two-rabbit basin

ometzin two

omexti two, both

omextin two; both

omeyocan place of duality

omic he died

omic it died

omic she died

omicamac opening in a bone

omicelic like tender bone

omicetl semen

omichicahuaztli bone rasp

omicoac there was death, people died

omicohuac there was death, people died

omicque they died

omicqueh they died

omicuicatl collar bone

omiex he loosed an odor, he broke


omihuictica with a bone blade, by means

of a bone blade

omihuictli bone blade

omilhuitl two days

ominoc it was shot

omio bone; bony

omiohua it becomes bony

omipalan rotten bone

omiquizquia he would have died

omitica with a bone awl, by means of

a bone awl

omitl bone; bone awl

omitlaco he harmed himself

omito it was mentioned; it was said;

it was described; it was told; it

was related; it was declared

omitoque they were mentioned

omitzalmihuali he sent you

omitzmahuizyoti he gave you honor

omitzmixamili he (h) washed your face

omitznantique they made you mother

omitzontlaocolnonotzaco he came to call out to you in


omitztlatolti he made you speak

omixochitl white amaryllis

omixpantzinco before you [h], in your [h]


ommaltia she bathes

Page 77: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 77 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 77 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ommaltiaya they bathed

ommaltique they bathed

ommi it is drunk

ommic he died; it died

ommicoaya there was dying

ommicque they died

ommih it is drunk

ommiqui it dies

ommiquia she died; they died

ommitoa it is said

ommiz it will be drunk, it is to be


ommocahua they are left; they remain

ommocauh it remained; it stopped

ommochihuaz it will be, it will become; it will

befall; it will happen

ommochihuazque they will become

ommochipinilia it is dripped on him

ommochiuh it became; it was done

ommocua it is eaten

ommomana it is quieted, it settles down

ommonamictia they marry

ommopapachoa it is pressed

ommoquetzaco they came to stand

ommoteca he stretches out; it is placed; it

is spread; it is applied; it

settles; it spreads out

ommotecac it was spread

ommotecato they went to establish


ommoteneuh it was mentioned

ommotlalia he seats himself, he sits

down; it is placed; they

repose; they sit down

ommotlaza it throws itself

ommotta he looks at himself, he sees


omocac it was heard

omocauh it remained

omocencauh it was prepared

omocenquixtiqueh they assembled, they


omochi all, everything

omochichihuaya he was adorned

omochiuh he became; it became; it

came to pass; it happened; it

was done; it occurred; it was


omochiuhca it had happened, it had


omocua it is eaten

omocuiltono he enjoyed himself

omomatque they thought, they took

[something] to be

omomecati he took a concubine, he

provided himself with a

concubine; he took a


omomiquili he [h] died

omomiquilique they [h] died

omopetlauh it was burnished, it was


omopiaya it was guarded

omopilhuati it bears its young, it raises its


omoquetzaco it came to establish itself; it

came to set in

omotecac it settled

omotecaque they assembled; they

established themselves

omotecato they went to assemble; they

went to rest; they went to lie

omotenamicti they met him

omoteneuh it was called; it was made

known; it was mentioned; it

was named; it was said; it was

published; it was told

omoteneuhque they were called; they were

mentioned; they were named

omotepexihui he fell from a precipice, a crag

omotez it was ground

omotlacatili he was born (h); he was born


omotlahuitec he tripped

omotlali it settled

omotlalique they sat down

omotlapololtique they were confused

omotlatocatlali he was made ruler

omotochhui he was affected by the wine


omotolini he was unfortunate

omottac it was seen

omotzintzacu he became constipated

omotzintzauc he became constipated

omoyolnonotzque they consulted among


omozalo it was joined, it was glued

omozcalique they revived

ompa there; there there; at that time;

at this time; then; where; to


ompa onquizaz he will be destitute

ompan there

ompaqui he is happy, he rejoices

Page 78: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 78 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 78 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ompatia it was remedied, it was cured

ompehua he begins; he departs; he

leaves; he sets forth; it begins;

it starts; they begin; they start;

they set forth; they depart;

they leave

ompehuaya he departed, he set forth

ompehuaz he will depart, he will set forth;

it will begin

ompehuaznequi they wish to depart, they wish

to set forth

ompehuazque they will set forth

ompeuh he set forth, he started

ompoalilhuitl forty days

ompoalxihuitl forty years

ompoliuh he disappeared

omtlami it ends

onac he entered

onaci he arrives; he approaches; he

reaches; it arrives; it arrives

at; it reaches; it approaches; it


onaci she arrives, she approaches;

they arrive; they reach; they

arrived; they reached

onacic he arrived; he reached; he

came; it arrived

onacico they came to arrive, they

came to reach; they came to


onacique they arrived; they reached

onacito he went to arrive; they went to

arrive; they went to reach

onahuilpehua they begin in fun

onaiz he will do

onano he is taken, he is seized

onapizmiqui he is starved, he is hungry

onauhcampa in four directions

onaxihua he is seized, he is detained;

there is arrival; people arrive;

there is arriving

onca there; there is

oncacalaqui it enters from place to place

oncahualoya they were left

oncalac he entered, he set; it set; it


oncalacque they entered; they went in;

they submitted

oncalactinemi he goes entering

oncalaqui he enters; it enters; it sets [ie;

sun]; the sun]; it sets; it goes

down; they enter

oncalaquito they went to enter

oncalaquiz it will set, it will enter

oncalaquiznequi he wishes to enter

oncan he sits; here; then; there; at

that time; at this time; on that

point; when; where

oncatca it was; there was; they were

oncate there are, they are; there were

onchichaz he will spit

onchichazque they will spit

oncho:cac he wept, he cried

oncholo he leaped

oncholo:z it will spring, it will jump

oncochia he slept

oncocochi they each sleep

oncualoc it was eaten

oncuecuepoca they each crackle

oncuecueponi they each explode

onechtolini he abused me, he caused me


onechyolitlaco he offended me

onelcicihuican (may) they sigh

onelcicihuiz he will sigh

onen he lived

onepantla in the middle of the road

onez it was evident, it appeared

onhuaqui it dries, it hardens

onhuetz he fell

onhuetzi he falls; it is dropped; it falls

onhuetziz he will fall; it will fall

onhuetzque they fell

onhuicozque they will be captured

onhuihuiloac there was going on the part of

each one

onhuiloaz there will be going, people will


onican here

onicatca i was

onicatoyahui i threw him into the river, i cast

him into the torrent

oniccochcauh i left him asleep

oniccua i ate it

onichtacacalaqui he secretly enters repeatedly

onicma i learned it

onicnexti i produced it, i discovered it

onicnomonti i made him my son-in-law

onicpaccacauh i gladly left him

onictepexihui i threw him from a crag, i cast

him from a crag

onictlazolmicti i ruined it

onilhuilo it is said to him

onilhuitlaque they celebrated the feast day

Page 79: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 79 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 79 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

oniquittac i saw it

onitoloz it will be said

onixhuaqui it dries on the surface

onixnecia they appeared, they came into


onixpoliuhque they perished

onixtotomahuaz he will be stupid

onmacalaquia he embarked in a boat

onmacalaquizque they will embark

onmachoc it was known

onmaltia he bathes; it is bathed

onmaquiaya it was put on

onmecaniloc he was hanged

onmic he died

onmic she died

onmichiqui it is grated, it is scraped

onmicoac there was dying; there was


onmicque they died

onminecui it is inhaled

onmiqui he dies

onmiquia he died; she died

onmitoa it is said; it is told

onmiz it will be drunk; it is to be


onmocahua they remain, they are left

onmocalaqui he entered

onmocenquixtia it is amassed, it is gathered

onmochihuaz it will be made; it will become;

it will happen; it will result; it

will occur

onmochipinia it is dripped

onmochiuh it became

onmocuacuacua it is chewed

onmocuapepetla he combs it

onmocuiltono he rejoiced

onmomamatiloa they rub themselves

onmomatoca he tends it with his hands

onmomiquili she died [h]

onmonextia it is divulged, it is made known

onmopachoa they are pressed

onmopatzca it is squeezed

onmopepetla he combs it

onmopiazoa it gushes, it spurts

onmoquetza he places himself

onmoteca he casts himself, he stretches

out; it is placed; it is set out; it

is spread out; it is spread; it is

spread on

onmotecac it was placed

onmotecaz it will be placed, it is to be

placed; it will be spread; it is

to be spread

onmoteci it is ground

onmoteneuh it was mentioned

onmotepehua they hurl themselves

onmotepehuaya they were cast, they were


onmotlalia he sits down

onmotlaloa he runs; he runs up

onmotlancuanexhuia they put ashes on their knees

onmozaloa it is joined, it is glued; they are


onneci it appears, it is visible

onnecia it appeared

onnemi he lives

onnextlahualoya there was paying of the debt

onnezahualoc the fasting stopped

onoc he is, he lies; he rests; he

stays; he resides; it exists; it

rests; it is laid out; it is; it lies;

it occurs; it lay; it was; it is

located; it located; it remains;

it spreads; it lives; it prevails; it

resides; it stands

onoc she is, she stays; there is; it


onoca he dwelled; he lay; he was; it

lay; it rested; it was; they lay;

they lived; they stayed; they

resided; they were; they


onoconcuic i took it

onoconic he drank it

onoconittac i saw it

onohuac there has been resting

onohuian everywhere; in all parts

onohuiyan everywhere; all over; in all


onopan on me

onoque there are, they lie; they are;

they exist; they remain; they

dwell; they dwelled; they

stayed; they extend; they

extended; they lay; they rest;

they spread out; they live;

they stay; they reside; they


onoquichtic she became a good warrior

onotiuh it lies, it rests

onotlapetlan lightning

onotlatlatzin thunder

onozque they will remain

onpa there

Page 80: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 80 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 80 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

onpehua it starts

onquiza it issues

ontecencahualoc there was adorning of people,

there was arraying of people

ontenacazxapotlaloc there was piercing of ear


ontenamoyeloz there will be plundering of


onteotlahuanoc sacred pulque was drunk,

there was drinking of sacred


ontetl two

ontetzatzilia he cries out to people, he

shouts to people

ontetzatziliz he will cry out to people, he

will shout at people

ontlachia he looks, he gazes; they look

ontlacua they eat

ontlacualoc there was eating; people ate

ontlahuelneciz it will appear attractive

ontlaiyahuaya he raised something in

dedication, he raised

something in offering

ontlalpia they bind something, they tie


ontlamanaya they laid an offering down

ontlamantli two kinds

ontlamaque they took captives

ontlami it ends; it is used up

ontlanque they came to their end, they


ontlanquiquici she whistles

ontlapia they keep watch, they keep


ontlapiaya they kept guard, they kept


ontlapitzaloc shell trumpets were blown

ontlatlamanaloc people made various offerings

ontlatlapaloa they sample, they sip, they


ontlatlaza they repeatedly cast it, they

repeatedly throw it

ontlatoa he rules; he speaks; they

speak; they talk

ontleco they ascend, they climb

ontlecoc he ascended, he climbed

ontlecoque they climbed up

ontoco it is sown

ontzinti it begins

ontzontli eight hundred

onxihuitl two years

onyaya it goes repeatedly

onyez he will be; there will be

ooccan in two places

oocelo ocelots, ocelot warriors

oocti they become wine

oommic she died

oommoquetzaco he came to stand

oompa there

oonacic he arrived

oonelcicihuico he came to sigh

oonhuitza he had come

oonmic he died; she died

oonoc it prevails; it reigns; there is

oonquiz it passed

oonteot she became a goddess

oontetl two

ooquichcoch she slept with a man

opa twice, two times

opalan it corrupted, it rotted; it

decayed; it festered

opatic he got well, he was cured; he


opatiloc he was cured

opehualoc it began

opeuh he began, he started; it began

opochmaye left-handed person

opoliuh he vanished; he perished; it

disappeared; it vanished; it


opozahuac it swelled

oppa two times, twice

oquic he drank it

oquicac he heard it; it heard it

oquicacque they heard it

oquiceli she received it

oquicencauh she prepared it

oquicentlalique they brought it together, they

put it together

oquichcochi she sleeps with a man

oquichcochia she lay with a man

oquichcochiz she will sleep with a man

oquichihuili he did it to her

oquichiuh he did it, he made it; he begat;

he fathered him

oquichiuh she did it, she made it

oquichiuhque they did it, they fulfilled it; they

made it

oquichiuhtiaque they proceeded to do it

oquichnotzale having masculine mode of


oquichololti he set him free, he let him run

oquichpia she holds a husband

oquichpilpil young boys

Page 81: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 81 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 81 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

oquichpiltontli baby boy; male chile; boy;

male child; noble boy; small


oquichpipiltotonti boys; small boys; young boys

oquichtacacua he ate it in stealth

oquichtequico he came to steal it

oquichti he becomes a man; he

becomes a warrior; men;


oquichti they are men, they become


oquichtia he became a warrior, he

became a man

oquichtin men; males; brave warriors;


oquichtini one who is brave

oquichtiz he will be brave; he will

become a brave warrior; he

will become a warrior; he will

become a man

oquichtizque they will be valiant, they will

be brave

oquichtlatoa she speaks man's talk

oquichtlatole having masculine speech

oquichtlatquitl men's array

oquichtli boy, male; cockerel; man;

manly; brave man; brave

warrior; courageous person;

husband; valiant; warrior; man

of war; men; males; middle-

aged man

oquichtotoli male turkey

oquichyotl heroism; manliness; valor;

exploits; status of the warrior;


oquicotonili he cut it out of it

oquicouh he bought him

oquicua he ate it; it bit him

oquicuacua he chewed it

oquicuaque they ate it

oquicuatinen they went eating it

oquicuic he took it, he assumed it; it

took him; it seized him; she

accepted it; she took it

oquihualnamicque they received her, they

confronted her

oquihuicaca they had brought it

oquimacac it gave it to him

oquimacaque they gave it to him

oquimacauh he permitted it

oquimacuic he seized it with his paws,

grabbed it with his paws

oquimahuiztiliaya they paid honor to him

oquiman he placed it

oquimattiaque they went learning it, they

went knowing it

oquimimilo he made it roll

oquimittac he beheld them, he saw them;

he looked upon them

oquimittaque they saw them

oquimochihuili he [h] made it

oquimocuitlahuique they took care of him

oquimonequilti he willed it; he determined it

oquimonhuihuitequito they went to strike each one

of them

oquimonmictique they killed them, they slayed


oquimoyolitlacalhui he offended him [h]

oquimoyolitlacalhuique they offended him

oquinapalo he carried it, he embraced it

oquinchiuhque they made them

oquinec he wished it, he wanted it

oquinemilique they deliberated about it, they

considered it

oquineuc he smelled it; they smelled it

oquinextique they found it

oquinhualittac he saw them

oquinmacac he gave it to them

oquinmopetlacaltemili he placed them in a reed


oquinmopolhui he destroyed them

oquinmotlatili he hid them

oquinpicque they formed them

oquinpolo he destroyed them

oquinquixtito they went to drive them out

oquintlacatili she gave birth to them

oquintlati he hid them

oquintlatolti he made them speak

oquipachoco they came to govern it

oquipehualtique they began it

oquipiaya he guarded it

oquique they drank it

oquiquixti he brought it forth

oquitac he saw her, he looked upon


oquitatacaque they dug it

oquitecac he laid her down, he misused


oquitemacac he gave it to someone

oquitequipacho he troubled him

oquitezque they ground it up

oquitlacualchihuiliaya they prepared food for him

oquitlali he placed it, he put it

oquito he said it

oquitocaque they buried him

Page 82: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 82 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 82 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

oquitocatinenca they had gone following him

oquitopeuh he knocked him down

oquittac he saw her; he saw it; he

found it; he sought it; it saw it

oquittac she saw him

oquittaco he came to see it, he came to

seek it; they came to see him

oquittaque they saw him; they saw it;

they discovered it; they found


oquittaqueh they saw it

oquitzintique they introduced it, they began


oquiximatque they knew, they realized

oquixipeuhque they flayed her

oquiz he came forth; he emerged;

he issued; it came; it came

forth; it came out; it departed;

it left; it ended; it passed; it

went away; it went out; it


oquizaco they came to emerge

oquizotlac he spewed it, he vomited it

oquizque they came out; they left; they

set forth; they went forth; they

went out

otecencahualoc there was arranging of people,

there was adorning of people;

there was ornamenting of


otechaqui it did put us

otehuan with others, with people

oteixiptlatic he was an impersonator

otemoc he descended

oteotlatoque they spoke divinely

otepalehuiaya they were aiding people

otequit he fulfilled his task, his did his

work; she worked; she


otetlaxin he committed adultery

oteyoleuhque they tempted people

otia you went

oticcauh you left it behind, you left it

oticchiuh you did it

oticcua you ate it

oticmihiyohuilti you suffered exhaustion; you

suffered fatigue

oticmochihuilitzino you [h] made it

oticmociahuilti you suffered fatigue

oticnahualchihuili you filched it from her

otihualla you came

otihuallaque we came

otihualmohuicac you [h] came

otimacahualoc you were forsaken

otimacic you matured

otimazatiac you made yourself into a deer,

you became a deer

otimoquetzaco you came to stand

otimotlacatili you were born (h)

otimotlaz you cast yourself, you threw


otiquic you drank it

otiquinmacato we went to give it to them

otiquinmopopolhui you destroyed them

otiquitoque we said it

otiquittac you saw him; you saw it; you

witnessed it

otiquittaque we saw it

otiquittaya you saw him

otitequit you worked, you labored

otitlacotic you worked, you labored

otitlacua you ate

otitochtiac you made yourself into a

rabbit, you became a rabbit

otitoloque it was said of us

otlacachiuh she gave birth

otlacat he was born; it became a man

in form; it was born; it formed;

it was formed

otlacat she was born

otlacatque they were born

otlacencahualoc there was arranging

otlachiquihuitl solid reed basket

otlacotic she performed her service;

she worked; she labored

otlacotico they came to serve

otlacua he ate

otlacua it ate; it fed

otlacuahuac it hardened

otlacualoc there was eating, people ate;

there has been eating

otlacualoyan place of eating

otlahuanque they drank pulque, they got


otlahuelcahualoc he was abandoned to evil

otlaipantili he hit the target, he found the

right spot

otlaliloc he was placed

otlalmic he died on the ground

otlaltic it became dust

otlalticpac on earth

otlalticpacquiz he came forth on earth

otlaltitechacico he came to reach the ground

otlama she took a captive

Page 83: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 83 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 83 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

otlamanaloc it was offered

otlamapilhuique they pointed

otlamimilo he rolled something

otlan it ended, it came to an end; it

finished; it was over

otlaocox he grieved, he sorrowed

otlapitzaloc trumpets were blown

otlapouh it opened

otlaquixtililoque they were despoiled, they had

something taken away from


otlathuic it dawned, day broke

otlathuili it dawned on him, dawn came

to him

otlatl cane stalk

otlatlaco he committed a fault, he did

wrong; he did evil; he erred;

she did evil; she did wrong;

she erred

otlato he spoke

otlatoca it travels

otlatocat he ruled, he reigned, he


otlatocatque they ruled, they reigned

otlatoque they decreed, they ruled; they


otlazoltic it became filth

otlecoc he ascended, he climbed, he

went up

otlecoque they ascended, they climbed


otlecoto he went to ascend, he went to

climb; they went to climb up

otli road; path; street; way

otlica along the road; on the road;

by the road; in the road; in the

street; on the ground; on the


otlipan along the road

otoconanque we took it, we grasped it

otoconcac you heard it

otoconcuic you took it, you seized it

otoconcuique we accepted it, we took it

otohuitza you had come

otoncacque we heard it

otoncihua otomA1 women

otoncuicatl otomi song

otonmocuiltono you became wealthy, you

became prosperous

otonteocalli otomA1 temple

otontli trail, little road

otopan above us

otopan on us; upon us

otopanomochiuh it befell us, it happened to us

otoyollo our heart

otzatzic he cried out, he shouted; it

screeched; it cried out

otzatzihuac there was shouting

otzintic it began

otzonquiz it came to an end; it

concluded; it passed; it ended

otzti it becomes pregnant

otztli pregnant woman

oxihuitl two years

oxiquiza resin exudes, resin flows out

oxitl resin

oxiuh two years

oxiuhtica at the end of two years

oxocox it soured

oxotlac it budded

oya he went; he left; it went

oya they went

oyametl fir

oyaomic he died in battle

oyaque they departed, they went; they

have gone

oyaquia it becomes long

oyauh he went

oyecauh he finished

oyoac night fell, it got dark

oyohuac it darkened, it got dark; it was


oyouhtinemi he goes howling

ozomacocone young monkeys

ozomahtli monkey

ozomati monkeys

ozomatli monkey

ozomatzin monkey

oztoc in a cave; at a cave; from a

cave; into a cave; in the cave;

into the cave

oztoehuatl fox skin

oztohua grey fox; cave-dweller

oztomeca vanguard merchants

oztopilcuahuitl large wooden stave

oztotl cave; spring

oztoyehuatl grey fox skin

oztoyehuatzintli grey fox skin

oztoyo having caves

pa:co make s.o. happy

PA:PA:LO:TL butterfly

paA4os cloth

paccanemilizyotl peaceful life

pachtic low, squat

Page 84: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 84 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 84 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

pachtilahuac wide and thick

pachtontli rather squat; squat

pacoani pleasurable

paconi something that can be


pactica it is happy

pacticate they were happy

pactli testicle

pahuaxoni cookable in an olla; cookable;

it can be cooked in a pot; it

can be cooked

pahzolpil fluffy

pahzolpol tangled, snarled

pahzoltic matted; tangled; snarled

paina they run, they hasten

palanaliztli festering; rottenness;

putrefaction; suppuration

palancapatli cure for festering; medicine for

festering; medicine for


palani it discharges pus; it festers; it

rots; it putrefies; it decays

palaniliztli festering; infection; rottenness

palanqui festered; pus; rottenness;


palantiuh it rots

palaxtli festering

paletl brown bean; purple bean

paltic wet; moist

panamacac medicine seller

pani on top; over it; upwards

papac he rejoiced

papachca it coagulates, it curdles

papacoa there is rejoicing

papacoaya there was contentment, there

was happiness

papalani it discharges pus; it festers; it

rots; it is full of sores

papalaniliztli festering

papalomatlatl butterfly net

papalotl butterfly

papaqui he is happy, he rejoices; it


papaqui they take their pleasure, they


papaquini happy; happy person

papatlaca (may) it flutter; he shakes; it

flutters; it quivers

papatlacani flutterer

papatlacatiuh it goes fluttering

papatlachtic very flat

papatlactic broad, wide

papatlahuac broad; wide

papatlani it flies constantly

papatlanini constant flyer

papayaca it crumbles

papazoltic woolly

paqui it brings delight; it brings


paqui they are happy; they rejoice

paquia they were happy, they


paquiliztli happiness

paquini bringer of pleasure

paquiztli delight

pati he gets well; he is cured; he

recovers; it cures; it becomes

cured; it disintegrates; it

dissolves; it falls apart; it falls

to pieces; it gets well; it heals;

it recovers; it is cured; it is


pati she gets well; she recovers;

they get well; they heal; they


patic healthful; she got well; she


patini it is a remedy

patio valuable

patiz he will be cured, he will

recover; he will get well; it will

recover; it will heal

patlachihui it widens

patlachiuhqui wide

patlachtic broad; wide; flat

patlachtilahuac broad and thick; long and flat;

long and thick

patlacpol excessively wide

patlactic broad; wide

patlactotonti small and wide

patlahua it broadens; it widens

patlahuac large; wide; spreading; broad

patlahuacatilahuac broad and thick

patlani it flies

patlani they fly

patlanini flyer

patlanqui wide, broad

patlantinemi it flies constantly; it goes flying

patli medicine; remedy; potion

patoxtetl duck-egg

patzahuac depressed, deflated

patzihui it softens

patzmiquia they died crushed

patztic soft

Page 85: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 85 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 85 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

pazoltic bushy; fleecy; matted; matter

pazoltontli straggly

pazotic bristly; shaggy; wooly

pe:hualo begin

pehpepetlaca it is shiny; it shines; it shines


pehua begins; he begins; it begins; it


pehua she begins; they begin; they

start; they leave; they start


pehualo it is begun

pehualo they are conquered

pehualoque they were conquered

pehualoya it was begun

pehuan it begins

pehuaya it began; it started

pehuaz he will begin

pehuazque they will begin

pepehua it begins (successively)

pepenalo he is chosen; he is selected

pepenaloya he was chosen; they were


pepepetlaca they flash, they shine

pepepetzca it glistens

pepetlaca he gives illumination; he

illuminates; it gleams; it

shines; it glistens; it is

resplendent; resplendent;

glistening; they gleam; they

shine; they glisten; they are

resplendent; they glitter

pepetlani it glistens constantly

pepetzca it glistens; resplendent

petlacalco in the granary; in the reed


petlacalli reed chest; woven reed chest

petlachihua he weaves reed mats

petlachiuhqui mat maker; reed mat weaver

petlahualoni polishable

petlamecatl mat cord

petlamoyahuac radiating mat

petlanamacac reed mat seller

petlani it glistens; it shines

petlapalan rotten mat

petlapan on a reed mat

petlapitzahuac narrow mat

petlatiz he will have a reed mat

petlatiz icpaltiz he will govern

petlatl mat; reed mat

petlatl icpalli realm; rulership

petlatlacuilolli painted reed mat

petlaxaxacualli frayed mat

petlayahualli round mat

petlazolli old, worn reed mat

petzcauhqui slick; slippery

peuh it began

peuhtica beginning, starting

pexontimani it is full to the brim

pialeque ones who have something in

their charge, in their care

pialilo it is saved, it is taken care of

piallatolli entrusted word

pialo she is guarded

pialoni cherishable, worthy of being

guarded; something that can

be guarded; something that

can be cared for; worthy of

being kept

pialoya it was guarded; they were


piaztic slender; thin; tube-like

piaztica with a drinking tube, by means

of a drink tube; with a hollow

cane; by means of a hollow

cane; with a long hollow cane

piaztli drinking tube; hollow cane;

sucking tube; tube

piaztontli spikelet

picietl fine tobacco; small tobacco

piciltic minute, tiny; shrunken; small;


piciltontli minute, tiny

picqui solid

pieloya it was guarded, it was kept

pilcac he hung

pilhua parent

pilhua she has children

pilhuacatzintli your maker

pilhuaque parents

pilini it withers

pilli noble; nobleman

piloa it hangs

pilpil child

piltontli baby; baby boy; child; boy;

girl; small boy; poult; puppy;

small child; small one; young;

young boy; young son

piltzintli babies; baby; boy; child; small


pinacatl black beetle

pinahua he is ashamed

pinahuac he was ashamed

pinahuani one who feels shame; modest

Page 86: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 86 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 86 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


pinahuiztli shame

pinectic pale

pinehua it becomes pale

pinehuac pale; pallid

pipiaztic long and slender; long and

thin; slender; slender and thin;


pipicpatic very compact

pipictic compact

pipilcualoni edible by children

pipillotl childishness, puerility

pipilti noblemen; nobles

pipiltin noblemen

pipiltotonti babies; boys; children; little


pipiltotonti small boys; small childen;

small children; young boys

pipiltotontin small children

pipiltzitzinti children

pipiltzitzinti small children; babies;


pipiltzitzintin small children

pipinqui compact; lean

pipitzahuac slender; thin

pipitzca it chatters; it shrieks; it

squeals; it whistles shrilly

pipitzca they neigh

pipitzcani screamer

pipitztlatoa they speak like gulls

pipixcan gull

pipixcanme franklin gulls

pipiyolti he becomes a wild bee

pitzactontli rather thin; small and slender

pitzahua it becomes slender; it

becomes thin; they become


pitzahuac fine; flaked; high-pitched; long

and slender; long and thin;

minute; narrow; slender;

small; thin; thin and long

pitzaloni something that can be blown;

something that can be cast

pitzaton small and thin

pitzatoton slender

pitzonacatl flesh of pig, pork

pitzotl pig

pitztic thin

pixahui they fall, they sprinkle; they

shower down

pixeque guardians of tradition

pixquiztli crop, harvest

poccoztic dark yellow, smoky yellow

pochectic smoky; smoked up

pochectique smoky (pl

pochotl silk cotton tree

pochquiotl fat

pochquiotlami fat dissolves

pochteca merchants

pochtecatl merchant

pochtecatlatoque principal merchants

poctic smoky

poctica with smoke, by means of


poctli smoke

pocyoa it smokes

poec salty

poelpatic very salty

poeltic salty

pohpocalex rail (kind of bird)

polaqui it sinks

polihui he is absent; he perishes; he

disappears; it disappears; it

ends; it vanishes; it fails; it

perishes; it is consumed; it is


polihui they perish

polihuia he was absent

polihuini worthy of destruction

polihuiz he will perish; it will perish

poliuh he vanished; it vanished

poliuhque they perished

pololli mud (for adobes)

popoca it smokes

popochuilo incense is offered

popolihuia it perished, it was consumed

popolihuito it went to disappear

popolihuiz he will perish, he will meet


popoloca he gibbers, he mumbles; they

speak a barbarous tongue

popolocatica he mumbles

popolocaya they spoke a barbarous

tongue, they mumbled

poponamaca he sells brooms

popoxtic energetic

popoxtli energetic

popoyec very salty

popozontoc it lies fluffed up

poxacpatic very spongy

poxactic porous; soft; spongy

poxacuatl whip-poor-will

poxahua it swells; they become soft

poxahuac loose; porous; soft; spongy

Page 87: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 87 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 87 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

poxcauhqui moldy

poyec salty

poyelpatic very salty

pozactic swollen

pozahua it swells; it swells up; she

swells up

pozoni it boils; it foams; it is boiled;

they swell

quechacqui stiff-necked

quechancatontli a little long-necked

quechcoacihuiztli numbed neck

quechhuiac having a long neck

quechhuiacatontli having a rather long neck

quechnacatl flesh of the neck

quechnanatztic having a fat neck

quechnenetiliztli stiff neck

quechomitl neck bone

quechpitzahuac having a slender neck

quechtli neck

quechtomahua the neck becomes thick

quechtomahuac having a thick neck

quehuilia they intoned it [ie, song] for


quelcicihuia they sighed

quelehuia they long for it

quemaca yes

queman sometimes

quemitl clothing; vestment

quen how; in what manner

quenami all kinds

quenami what kind; what sort; what

manner; what way; whatever

kind; whatsoever

quenamicatzintli what kind, what sort

quenamique how, in what manner or

condition; whatever kinds

quenin how; as; in what manner

quenmach however

quenman sometime; sometimes; at

times; when; at what; at what


quenmanian sometimes; at times; on some

occasions; sometime

quennel how else

quequechnecuiloa it twists its neck repeatedly

quequeyolli ankle bone; wrist bone

quequeyolnacatl flesh of the ankle

quetzalcoxcox pheasant

quetzalecacehuaztli quetzal feather fan

quetzalhuitzilin broad-tailed hummingbird

quetzalitztli emerald-green jade

quetzallahuehuetl precious cypress tree

quetzalli precious feather; quetzal


quetzallo having quetzal feathers

quetzaltototl resplendent trogon

quexquich as many as, so many; as

much as; so much; as much;


quexquichtin as many as, so many

quezqui a little; howsoever many

quezquilhuitl a few days

quezquitetl several

quezquitlamantli many things

qui he drinks it

qui she drinks it

qui they drink it

qui:xohua there is leaving, people leave

quia he drank it

quia they drank it

quiahui it rains; she rains

quiahuitl rain

quiahuiz it will rain

quic he drank it

quicac he heard him

quicacalatztiuh he went along rattling it

quicacamacahua he refrains from saying it

quicacatzilpia they bind it tightly, they tie it


quicacaxchichihuaya they arranged him on a

carrying frame

quicahua he dispels it, he leaves it

behind; he gives it up; he

leaves it; he lets it go; it

leaves it alone; they cease it;

they leave it; they leave her;

they leave him

quicahuato she went to leave it

quicahuaz he will abstain from it; he will

leave it

quicahuazque they will leave it; they will stop


quicalaquia he brings it in, he puts it in; it

puts it in; she puts her in; she

puts it in; she inserts it; she

puts it inside; they place him;

they put him in; they placed

him; they bring him in; they

put it in

quicalaquiaya they carried it in, they put it in;

they placed him; they put him

in; they took it in

quicalaquique they did put it in, they intruded


Page 88: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 88 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 88 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quicalaquitihuetzi they quickly place her

quicaltia he builds a house for it

quicamanalhuia she jokes with him

quicamatia they give it a mouth

quicanahua they thin it

quicanahuaya they flattened it

quicaqui he hears; he hears it; he

listens it; he listens toit; they

hear it

quicaquia he heard it; they heard it

quicaquiz he will hear it; listen to it

quicauhque they left it, they abandoned it

quicauhtiquiza they quickly leave him

quicecencahua they adorn it

quicehuia it alleviates it, it calms it; it

relieves it; it cools it; it lessens

it; it quiets it

quicehuiz he will quiet them, he will calm

them down

quiceltilia it makes her bloom

quicencahua he adorns him; he arranges it;

he prepares it; they array her;

they array it; they prepare it;

they finish it; they finish it off;

they ornament him; they

adorn him; they put it in order;

they arrange it

quicencahuaya they arrayed him, they

adorned him; they

ornamented her; they adorned


quicencahuilia they prepare it for him

quicenneloa he mixes it in; he mingles it

quicenquixtiaya they arranged it, they

gathered it

quicepanneloa he mixes it in

quichachamahua he praises it, he fills it out

quichamahua he raises it in price, he

increases it, he fills it out

quichia they wait for it

quichicha he spits it

quichichihua he adorns him; they adorn

her; they prepare her; they

adorn it

quichichihuaya they adorned it; they arrayed

her; they arrayed him; they

adorned him; they made it;

they prepared it

quichichihuiliaya they adorned it for him

quichichina he smokes it; it sucks it

quichichina they suck it

quichichinani sucker

quichichiqui they shave it

quichihua he did it, he dealt it; he does

it; he brings it about; he

carries it out; he performs it;

he makes him; he makes it;

he arranges it; it does it; it

brings it about; it makes it; it

makes it [the sound]

quichihua she does it; they do it; they

work it; they make it

quichihuani they practise it, they do it, they

are accustomed to doing it

quichihuaquihui they come doing it

quichihuaya he did it; he committed it; he

made it; he made iti; she did

it; they did it; they celebrated

it; they committed it; they

observed it; they performed it;

they performed; they rendered

it; they made it

quichihuaz he will do it; he will perform it;

he will it

quichihuaznequi he wants to do it; he wants to

make it

quichihuazque they will do it; they will

perform it; they will make it

quichihuiliaya they made it for him

quichipahua it cleanses it

quichipahuaz it will purify it

quichipinia he spills it; it drips it; it spills it

quichiqui they abrade it, they scrape it

quichiuh he did it; he committed it; he

made it

quichiuhque they did it; they made it

quichiuhqueh they did it, they celebrated it

quicho:caz he will weep for it

quichoponia it [eg snake] strikes him; it

strikes him

quichoquiznonotza he calls out to him with


quichoquiztlapaloa they greet him with tears

quichtacai it drinks it

quiciahua it waters it

quicnoitta he shows him compassion, he

has pity on him

quicoa he buys it

quicoaya he bought it; they bought her;

they bought it

quicochiloa they cut him with a knife

quicochitlehuaz he will see it in dreams

quicocoa it makes him sick; it sickens; it

gets sick

quicocomonia he troubles him

Page 89: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 89 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 89 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quicocototza it breaks it up, it cuts it up

quicohua they buy it

quicopina he draws it off, he takes it off

quicoyonia it bores a hole in it; it bores it;

it makes a hole in it; they drill


quicozcatia they give him a neck band

quicua he eats him; he eats it; he

chews it; he gnaws on it

quicua it bites him; it bites it; it

consumes it; it eats it; its eats


quicua she eats it; they eat it

quicuacua he chews it; they chew it

quicuacuatoque they sat eating it

quicuacuaz he will chew it; he will eat it;

she chews it

quicuah it bites him

quicualittaque they saw it as good, they liked


quicualittaya they considered it favorable;

they made it good; they

regarded it as good; they

regarded him as good; they

considered him favored; they

regarded him favorably; they

regarded it as favorable; they

liked it; they regarded it as


quicuallittaya they regarded him favorably;

they regarded it as good; they

considered it favorable; they

sought to make it good

quicualtia she feeds it to him

quicualtilia it benefits her; it improves it; it

makes it good; they make it


quicuan it eats it

quicuani eater; he is accustomed to

eating it

quicuani they customarily eat it

quicuania it removes it; they remove it;

they take it away

quicuaquihui they come to eat him

quicuatihuetzi he bolts it down, he eats it


quicuatihuetzito it quickly went to eat it

quicuatinemi he goes about eating it; it

continues eating it

quicuatoc it eats it lying down; it lies

eating it

quicuatzayana they wound someone on the

head, they smash someone's


quicuauhxicalhuia they pan it [sand]

quicuaya he ate it; they ate it

quicuaz he will eat it; he is to eat it; it

will eat it

quicuaz she will eat it; she is to eat it

quicuaznequi it wants to eat it

quicuazque they will eat him; they will eat

it; they are to eat it

quicuechoa they pulverize it

quicuechtilia they powder it, they pulverize


quicuecuentilia they arrange it in rows

quicuecuetlania he threatens him, he waves it

quicuepa she turns it over; they respond

to it

quicuepaz he will return it

quicuepazque they will change it

quicueponaltiaya he caused it to bloom; they

make it flare up

quicui he acquires it, he gets it; he

takes it; he assumes it; he

grabs it; he receives it; it

seizes him; it takes it

quicui she participates in it; they

gather it; they take it

quicuia they took it

quicuic he took it

quicuicatia they sing for her; they sing to


quicuicuiloaya they painted it

quicuicuitihuetziltia it caused him terror

quicuicuitlacuepa he keeps turning away

quicuilia he takes it away from him, he

seizes it from him; they take it

off her

quicuiliaya they took it from him

quicuiliz he will take it from him

quicuiloa they draw it; they paint it

quicuiloaya they painted her

quicuiloz he will write it, he will record it

quicuique they picked it; they took it

quicuitihuetz she seized it quickly

quicuitihuetzi he hurriedly seizes it; he

quickly grabs him; he quickly

seizes him; he quickly seizes

it; he seizes it quickly; it

pounces on it; they grab him

quickly; they quickly seize

him; they snatch it quickly

quicuitlapiciohua it gives her a big abdomen

quicuiz he will gain it, he will get it; he

Page 90: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 90 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 90 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

will seize it; he will take it; he

will take; he will undertake it; it

will carry him off

quicuizque they will take it

quicxilpia they tie his feet, they bind his


quicxitia he gives it feet

quihilpiaya they kept on binding it, they

kept on tying it

quihiyohuia he lives in want, he suffers;

they suffer; they suffer


quihiyohuiz she will suffer

quihpotza it hisses at him

quihuahuana he stripes him

quihualahua they scold him, they chide him

quihualana it grabs him; they grasp her;

they grab her; they seize her;

they seize him; they grab him

quihualanaya he drew him, he pulled him

quihualanazque they will grab him

quihualanque they drew him forth, they

pulled him out

quihualcaqui they hear it

quihualchiaz he will wait for him

quihualilhui he said it to her; he said it to


quihualinecui they smell it

quihualito he said it; she said it; she

says it

quihualitoa he says it

quihualitqui they bear it here, they bring it

quihualitta they learn it, they see it

quihualittaznequi he wants to see it

quihuallaza they throw him; they throw it

quihuallazaz he will throw it

quihualmaca they give it to him; they give it

to them

quihualmana he sets it out; they pour it out

quihualmayauhque they pushed him, they shoved


quihualmonequiltiz he will require it; he will wish it

on you

quihualnamiqui he confronts him; he receives

her; he confronts her; he

receives him; they meet it;

they receive her; they confront


quihualnamiquia they found it, they

encountered it

quihualnapaloa they take her in their arms,

they embrace her

quihualnextia it exposes it

quihualnotza they call to it

quihualpoloaya he destroyed it

quihualquechcotontihuetzi they quickly cut off her head

quihualquixtia he brings it forth; it brings it

out; it removes it; they bring

her out; they bring it forth;

they draw it forth; they remove


quihualquixtiaya they observed it [ie, feast

day]; they took it out; they

removed it

quihualquixtilia they take it out of it; they took

it out of it

quihualquixtiz it will bring it out, it will expel it

quihualteca they place it

quihualtemohuia he brings him down; they

brought it down

quihualtepehua he scatters it

quihualtoquilia it follows it

quihuapahua they reinforce it, they

strengthen it

quihuapahuaz he will bring them up, he will

rear them

quihuatza they dry it up

quihueicatenehua they consider it big

quihueitzatzitia he declares it to be costly

quihuelittaya they regarded him as favored

quihuenmanaz he will make an offering

quihuica he brings him; he carries him

off; he carries it; he takes her;

he takes him; he takes it; he

takes them; it bears him away;

it bears it; it carries it; it carries

him; it takes it away; it

transports it; it brings it

quihuica she carries off, she destroys;

she takes her; they

accompany her; they bear

her; they bear him; they take

him; they bear it; they carry it;

they carry her; they carry him;

they bear him away; they take

her; they take it; they take

them; they carry them

quihuicaque they brought him

quihuicatiquiza he swiftly takes it away

quihuicatiuh he goes carrying it; he goes

leading him; she goes to bring


quihuicaya they accompanied him; they

carried him; they took him;

they took it

Page 91: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 91 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 91 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quihuihuipana they place it in order

quihuihuitequi he keeps beating it; they

repeatedly strike him

quihuihuitla it plucks it; they pluck it

quihuilana he drags it; it drags it; they

drag him away; they pull at it;

they drag it

quihuitec he struck him

quihuitequi he beats it, he threshes it;

they beat it; they strike him

quihuitequiz it will injure it

quiilpia they bind it, they tie it; they

string it together

quil it is said that; it is said that; it

is said; they say

quilaquia it drowns him

quilcahuazque they will forget it

quilcualoni edible as greens

quilhui he said it to him

quilhuia he says it to her; he says it to

him; he says it to it; he says to

him; he says to it; it says it to

him; she says it to her; she

says it to him; she says to her;

they call it; they say it; they

say it to her; they say it to him;

they call him; they tell it

quilhuiaya he said it to her; he said it to

him; she said it to her; she

said it to him; they called it;

they said it to him

quilhuichihuiliaya they observed a feast for him

quilhuique they said it to her; they said it

to him; they said it to it

quilhuiquixtiliaya they celebrated a feast for

him; they observed his feast


quilhuitihui they go saying it to him

quilhuitinemi she proceeds saying it to him

quilitl herb, greens; plant

quillotilahuac having thick foliage

quilmach it is said that; so-called

quilnamictia it makes him remember it

quilnamiqui (may) he brood over it, (may)

he think about it

quilnamiqui he intends it, he thinks it; he

plans it; he remembers it; he

thinks of it; they imagine it;

they think it; they remember it

quilnamiquia he remembered him; he

remembered it; it recalled it;

they determined it; they

decided it; they remembered

it; they knew it from memory;

they bethought it; they thought


quilpaltic herb-green

quilpati its foliage falls to pieces

quilpia he binds it, he ties it; they bind

it; they tie it

quiltequi he gulps it, he sips it

quiltic herb green; dark green; herb-


quima he knew it

quimaca he gives it to her; he gives it to

him; it gives it to him; it offers

it to him

quimaca they give it to him

quimacac he gave her to him; he gave it

to him

quimacac it gave it to him

quimacaci he fears him; he fears it

quimacaci they fear it

quimacacia they dreaded it, they feared it;

they feared him

quimacacizque they will fear it

quimacaque they gave it to him; they

offered it to him

quimacaya he gave it to her; he gave it to

him; she gave it to her; they

gave it to him

quimacaz he feared it; he will give it to

him; it will give it to him; she

will give it to him

quimacaztihui they go fearing it

quimacehua he merits it, he deserves it;

she merits it; she deserves it

quimaceuh he deserved it

quimachili he knew it about him; he knew

something about him

quimaci it hunts them; they capture


quimaciz he will take them, he will

capture them

quimacizque they will seize them

quimacui he seizes it; it catches it with

its paws

quimahua he scolds them, he chides


quimahuaya they scolded them

quimahuitecque they struck his arms

quimahuizcuitia it caused him fear

quimahuizpia they guard it with honor

quimahuiztiliaya he paid honor to him; he paid

honor to it; they esteemed

Page 92: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 92 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 92 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

her; they paid honor to her;

they esteemed him; they

esteemed it; they paid honor

to it; they honored her; they

honored it; they venerated it;

they paid him honor; they paid

honor to him; they paid honors

to them; they respected it

quimahuiztilique they honored him

quimahuizyotiaya he praised it

quimaltiaya they bathed them

quimama he bears her on his back; he

carries it on his back; he

carries it; he bears it on his

back; he carryies it on his


quimama they carry it on their back;

they carry it on their backs

quimamaca they give it to him [repeatedly]

quimamacaque they gave it to him

quimamali they bore it

quimamama they each carried it

quimamana it continually offers it; they

arrange it; they place it; they

set it

quimamanaya they offered it

quimamati he is aware of it

quimamatiloa she massages him

quimamatiuh he goes carrying it on his back

quimamaya he carries it on his back; they

carried it on their backs

quimamohuiaya they soaped them

quimana he offers it; he places it; he

lays it down; he sets it out;

they offer it; they lay it down;

they set it out

quimanaya they laid it; they laid it down;

they lay it out; they set it out;

they placed it; they took them

quimanaz he will take them, he will

capture them

quimanaznequi he wants to catch them, grab


quimanazque they will off it, they will lay it


quimanilia he offers it to him; he places it

for him

quimapiqui he holds fast to it

quimaquixtique they saved it, they rescued it

quimatataca they seek it diligently

quimatepehua he cuts off its branches; they

prune its branches

quimati he feels it, he senses it; he

heeds it; he pays attention to

it; he knows it; he experiences

it; he is concerned with it; he

knows of it; he learns of it; he

masters it; he takes heed; it

knows it; she feels it; she is

rational; she heeds it; they

esteem it; they know it; they

think it; they know of it

quimatia he decided it; he gives it

hands; he knew it; they knew

it; they felt it; they sensed it;

they supposed it; they knew;

they believed; they thought it

quimatiz he will know it; he will know of


quimatiz she will consider it

quimatizquia they would know it

quimatlatlaza he knocks off its branches

quimatlitia he gives them drink; they give

them drink

quimatque they realized it

quimauhcaitta he respects him; they treat

him with reserve; they look at

him fearfully

quimauhcaittac he regarded it with terror, he

looked at it fearfully

quimauhtia it frightens him

quimayahui they knock it down

quimealtia they rub [bathe] him with

ground up maguey thorns

quimecahuitequizque they will whip him

quimecatitlan in cords

quimecayotia they put rope on it

quimeltequia they cut their chests

quimemecayotia they put a rope on him, they

fasten him with a rope

quimichcuani eater of mice; mouse eater

quimichetl mouse bean

quimichi mouse

quimichin mouse

quimichme mice

quimichpil little mouse

quimichtlaolli mouse-gnawed maize or corn

quimictia he kills him; he kills it; he kills

them; she kills him; they kill

him; they kill them

quimictiaya he killed him; they killed him;

they killed it

quimictizque they will kill her

quimihilpiliaya he bound it on them, he tied it

on them

quimiilpiaya they tied them

Page 93: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 93 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 93 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quimiizahuia he terrifies them

quimilhui he said it to them

quimilhui she said it to them

quimilhuia he addresses them, he says it

to them; he says to them; she

says it to them; they say it to


quimilhuiaya he said it to them, he ordered

them; they said it to them

quimilhuico they came to say it to them

quimilhuique they said it to them

quimilhuiz he will say it to them

quimiliuhtoc he is wrapped up

quimilli bundle

quimilpia he ties them

quimilpiaya they tied them

quimimictia it deadens it

quimimilotiuh it goes rolling it along

quimin he shot it with an arrow

quimina he shoots arrows at it; he

shoots it; it shoots him with an

arrow; it stings him; they

spear it

quiminaznequi they want to spear it, they are

about to spear it

quimitiaya they made them drink it

quimitotiaya they had them dance, they

made them dance

quimitta he sees them; it seeks them

out; it sees them; they see


quimittac he saw them; she saw them

quimittaya he saw them; he beheld them;

they saw them; they say them

quimittazque they will see them

quimittitia he brings it to them, he shows

it to them

quimiximatia they knew it, they understood


quimixiptlatiaya he made their image; he

represented him; he made

himself into his likeness; she

represented it; they

represented them

quimixiptlayotiaya they made them in its image

quimixnamictia it comes upon him

quimixpoloque they destroyed them

quimixtlatique they annihilated them

quimizcaltia they rear them

quimizcaltiz he will train them

quimocahualtiaya they abstained from it

quimochihuili he [h] did it

quimochihuilia he [h] does it, he [h] brings it

about; he [h] causes it

quimochihuiliz he [h] will do it; he [h] will do it

to him; he [h] will cause him;

he [h] will bring it about; he [h]

will cause it; he [h] will bring it

to pass; he [h] will dispose it

quimocuilia they take it for themselves

quimocuiltonoa they enjoy it

quimocuitia he takes it as applying to him

quimocuitlahuia they take care of it, they take

pains with it

quimolhuiaya they said to each other

quimolhuique they said it among themselves

quimomolchihua they make 15mole15 of it

quimonaci they hunt them

quimonahualtiaya he disguised himself

quimonamictia he embraces it, he marries it

quimonantia they make him their mother

quimoncahuato they went to leave them

quimoncahuaya they left them

quimoncohuaya they bought him

quimonequililia he requires it of him; he

requires it of it

quimonequiltia he wills it; he determines it

quimonhuihuitequito they went to strike each one

of them

quimonilhuia he says it to them

quimonilpilia they tie it to them, they bind it

to them

quimonmaca they give it to them

quimonteca they put them to bed, they lay

them down

quimontema it deposits it, it puts it

quimontlalilia they place in on them

quimontlancuanexhuia they put ashes on their

[someone else] knees

quimontlapaloa they greet them; they greets


quimontlapaloaya they visited them

quimontoquilia they follow them

quimontzintilinia he pulls it off them

quimonxiccotona they pinch their navels

quimonxiccui they snatch at their navels

quimonxiccuia they snatched at their navels

quimopialtiaya he kept it for himself

quimopieltia he keeps it for himself, he

guards it for himself

quimopopololtia he overcomes it

quimoquentia he clothes himself; he wraps

himself in it; he clothes

himself in it; it wraps himself in

Page 94: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 94 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 94 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


quimotatia they make him their father

quimoteotia they worship him

quimoteotiaya they worshipped her; they

worshipped him; they

worshipped it

quimoteotizque they will worship it

quimotequimaca he gives himself to it


quimotequiuhtia he dedicates himself to it

quimotetzahuia they regard it as an omen

quimotlacalhuiaya they ruined it

quimotlacamachitia they obey him

quimotlaelmaca he overindulges himself in it

quimotlalilia they seat her [h]

quimotlatlauhtilia he prays to god

quimotlatoltia he took it upon himself to talk

quimotocayotia they call themselves

quimottitia he finds it for himself, he

shows it to himself; it appears

to him; it shows itself to him

quimoxayacatia he uses it as a face, it shows

on his face

quimoyaotia they prey on it

quimozcohua they warm them

quimpiloa it suspends them, it hangs

them up; it hangs them

quin later

quin then, later

quinacaztequi they cut his ears

quinamaca he sells him; he sells it; she

sells it; they sell it

quinamic he met him

quinamictia he adds it to it; they add it

quinamictinemi they go encountering it

quinamiqui he adds it; he attains it; he

comes upon it; he encounters

it; he meets him; he

understands it

quinamiqui it counteracts it; it remedies it;

it meets him;it remedies him; it

touches it; it reaches it; they

add it; they come upon her;

they find her; they encounter

it; they meet him; they receive


quinamiquia they met him

quinamiquiin they meet him

quinamiquiz he will add it; he will

encounter her; he will find her;

he will meet her; he will meet


quinamiquizque they will challenge him

quinamoya they steal it

quinanamiquia they welcomed him, they

received him

quinanatzoa it fattens her

quinanquilia he answers it; they answer

him; they answer it

quinapaloa he carries it in his arms, he

embraces it; they carry it in

their arms

quinaya he conceals it, he hides it

quincactia he provides them with

sandals; they provide them

with sandals

quincalaquia they put them in

quincalaquiaya they did put them in

quincalaquito they went to quarter them,

they went to put them in

quincalaquizque they will put them in, they will

introduce them

quincalten he housed them

quincamanalhuia he jokes with them; it teases

them; it jests with them

quincecenmana he scatters them

quincemilnamiquia they remembered all of them

quincenmana he scatters them

quincenpachoa he governs them all

quincenpopoloaya she destroyed them


quincenquixtia they gather them

quincentlalia he gathers them together

quinchichihua he arrays them, he arranges

them; they adorn them; they

array them

quinchichihuaya he arrayed them; they

adorned them; they prepared

them; they arrayed them

quinchichihuilia he adorns it for them

quinchihua it makes them, it produces


quinchihuiliz he will do it for them

quinchoquilia it weeps for them, it cries for


quinchoquiztlapaloa he greets them with tears

quincocoltia they made them angry

quincotona they cut them, they decapitate


quincozolaquiaya they placed them in the cradle

quincozolteca she places them in the cradle

quincua it eats them

quincuacuatinemi it goes about eating them

quincualtia they feed it to them; they

Page 95: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 95 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 95 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

make them eat it

quincualtiaya they fed it to them

quincuaya they ate them

quincuexcochhuitequi they strike them on the back

of the head

quincuicatia they sing for them

quincuicatiaya they sang for them

quincuicatitihui they go singing for them, they

go providing them with a song

quincuilia he takes it away from them,

he seizes it from them

quincuitlahuihuitequi they beat their backs


quinechicoa he gathers it

quinechicotihui they go gathering it

quinecui he smells it

quineloa he mixes it in; he stirs it; they

mix it; they stir it

quineltoca they believe it

quinenehuilia it is the same as it, it

resembles it

quineneloa he mixes it

quinenepiltia they give it a tongue

quinequi he longs for her; he uses it; he

wants it; he wishes it; it wants

it; it desires it; it wishes it; she

wants it; she wishes it; they

want it; they desire it; they

wish it

quinequia they wanted it

quinequiz he will want it, he will will it; it

will want it; it will wish it

quinequizque they will wish it, they will want


quinetoltia he promises him; he promises

it; he swears it

quinextia he displays it; he gains it; he

discovers it; he makes it clear;

he reveals it; he provides it; it

bodes it; it signifies it; it

indicates it; it causes it to

appear; it displays it; it shows

it; it maifests it; it reveals it; it

foretells it; she shows it; they

display her; they display it;

they show it

quinextiaya he provided it; it indicated it; it

signified it; it revealed it; they

revealed it

quinextiliaya he disclosed it to him, he

showed it to him

quinextique they discovered it; they

invented it

quinextitiuh they go displaying it

quinezcayotia it denotes it, it makes it

evident; it shows it; she

signifies it

quinhualhuicac he brought them

quinhualhuicaque they accompanied them

quinhualhuicaya they brought them, they

carried them here

quinhualihua he sends them

quinhualilhui he said to them

quinhualmanaya they laid them out

quinhualmina they shoot them with arrows

quinhualnamiqui they meet them, they contend

against them

quinhualnanquili he answered them

quinhualquiquixtia it takes them out, it removes


quinhualquixti he led them out

quinhualquixtia it brings them out

quinhualquixtiaya they let them come out, they

brought them out

quinhualtemohuia he makes them go down, he

makes them descend

quinhualtepehua he scatters them

quinhualyacantiaque they guided them

quinhuica it brings them; it takes them; it

carries them along

quinhuica they take them; they

accompany them; they carry

them; they conduct them

quinhuicaque they took them, they escorted


quinhuicaya they took them, they carried


quinhuicaz he will carry them off; he will

take them

quinhuihuica they carry them; they take

each of them

quinhuihuitequi they beat them

quinhuipiltia he provides them with blouses

quinicuac in time, at that time

quinihcuac afterwards, later; then; at that


quinmaca he gives it to them

quinmaca they give it to them; they offer

it to them

quinmacac he gave it to them

quinmacaque they gave it to them; they

offered it to them; they gave

them to them

quinmacato they went to give it to them,

they went to offer it to them

Page 96: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 96 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 96 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quinmacaya he gave it to them; he offered

it to them; they gave it to

them; they served it to them

quinmacaz he will give it to them, he will

offer it to them

quinmacuilia he receives it from them

quinmama they bears them

quinmamaca they give it to them

quinmamaltia they carry them on their backs

quinmamama they carry them on their backs

quinmamauhtia he frightens them, he causes

them fear

quinmamayauhtehua they quickly throw them aside

quinmanilia they offer it to them

quinmaniliaya they offered it to them

quinmaxtlatia he provides them with


quinmicti he killed them

quinmictia he kills them; it kills them; they

abuse them; they kill them

quinmictiaya she killed them; they killed

them; they punished them

quinmictique they killed them

quinmictizque they will slay them, they will

kill them

quinmixiptlatiaya they represented them

quinmomapilhuili he [h] selected them, he

pointed his finger at them

quinmoquixtilia he [h] draws them forth

quinmoteotiaya they worshipped them

quinmoteotitiaque they worshipped them

quinmotlaya he threw [stones] at them;

they threw [stones] at them

quinmoyaotia it preys on them

quinnacazcoyoniaya they pierced their ears

quinnacaztequia they did cut their ears

quinnacazxapotlaya they perforated their ears

quinnahuatiaya he commanded them

quinnahuaya they embraced them

quinnamaca he sells them

quinnamacaya they sold them

quinnamiqui he confronts them, he meets

them; they confront them; they

encounter them [in battle];

they meet them; they contend

against them; they met them

quinnamiquito he went to meet them; they

went to contend with them;

they went to meet them

quinnamiquiz he will meet them; he will

contend with them

quinnanquiliaya they answered them

quinnanquilique they answered them

quinnemitiaya they let them live; they

maintained them

quinnotz he spoke to them; he

summoned them; he called to


quinnotza he calls them; it calls them;

they call them

quinnotzaya he addressed them; they

summoned them

quinnotztiuh he goes speaking to them

quinonotza they address him; they advise

her; they inform him; they

report it to him

quinonotzaco they came to consult with him;

they came toinform him; they

came to notify him; they came

to warn him; they to tell it to

him; they came to report it to


quinonotzato they went to report it to him;

they went to report to him;

they went to consult with him

quinonotzaya he addressed him; he

admonished him; he

counseled him; he exhorted

him; he summoned them; she

entreated her; they

admonished her; they advised


quinonotzazque they will inform him

quinoquia he has diarrhea; he passes it;

he empties it; he pours it out;

he pours it; he issues it; he

purges it; he sheds it; it expels

it; it purges it; they pour it out

quinotza he addresses it, he speaks to

it; he calls him; he summons

him; he calls out to him; he

speaks to him; it speaks to

him; it summons it; she

addresses him; they call forth

to him

quinotzaya he called out to him; he spoke

to him; they addressed it; they

called him; they called upon

him; they summoned him

quinpachoa he sits on them [ie, eggs]

quinpalehuia he helps them; he distributes

to them; it helps them

quinpapaquiltiaya they provided them pleasure

quinpatiaya he healed them, he cured


Page 97: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 97 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 97 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quinpatzmictiaya they crushed them to death

quinpepenaya he chose them

quinpia they guard them

quinpiaya they guarded them; they kept

them; they were guarding


quinpipiloa they hang each of them; they

hang them

quinpipitzquilia it squeals for them

quinpiquia they formed them

quinpiquiya they formed them

quinquetza they stand them up

quinquixtia he casts them out, he

removes them

quinquixtilia they take it away from them

quinquixtique they drove them out

quintecac he settled them

quintema they bathe them

quintemoa it hunts for them, it searches

for them; they search for them

quintemoaya they looked for them, they

sought them out

quintemotinemi it goes about hunting them

quintenehua they mention them

quintepehuaco they came to scatter them

quintepehuato he went to drive them, he

went to scatter them

quintepozmihuique they shot them with iron bolts

quintetepachoa they stone them

quintetzotzona they beat them with stones

quintlacahualtia they warn them

quintlacahualtiaya they restrained them; they

prevented them

quintlacualtia he gives them food; they give

them food; they feed them

quintlahuanilia they make them drink

quintlahuantia they give them pulque, they

make them drunk

quintlahuantiaya they made them drunk; they

were giving pulque to them;

they were making them drunk

quintlahxinque they betrayed them, they

committed adultery on them

quintlalia he places them; they place


quintlaliaya they placed them

quintlalilique they did put it on them

quintlamaca they serve [food] to them

quintlamamaca they offer them food

quintlamanilia they lay out offerings for them;

they lay something for them;

they offer something to them;

they offer it to them

quintlamaniliaya they made offerings to them,

they laid something before


quintlananquililia he responds for them, he

answers for them

quintlaocoltiz he will make them sad, they

will feel sorry for him

quintlaquentia they array them; they dress

them; they clothe them

quintlaquentiaya they clothed them

quintlatlamaniliaya they offered it to each of them

quintlatlanique they asked them

quintlatoyahuilia they pour something for them

quintlatzontequilia he sentences them

quintlaxquiaya they roasted them

quintlazolmictia he kills them through filth

quintlaztehua they quickly abandon them

quintlequiquizhuique they shot them with their guns

quintoca he follows them, he pursues

them; they bury them; they

pursue them; they follow them

quintocatzahualquimiloa it wraps them up in spider-


quintocaya they buried them

quintocayotia they name them

quintocayotiaya they called them

quintololti he made them swallow it

quintotocayoti he named them

quintotonia they heat them

quintzatzilia he screeches at them; she

cries out to them; she shouts

to them

quintzetzeloa they shake them off

quintzintilinia he pulls them down

quinxictequia they were cutting the umbilical


quinxinque they carved them

quinxipehuaya they flayed them

quinxixiltihui they go lancing them

quinyacana they lead them

quinyacanaya he led them

quinyahualoa they surround them

quipaca it cleans it

quipachoa he governs him; it grips it; it

sits on it [ie; egg]; she

massages her; she massages

it; they govern it; they impress

it; they protect it; they sit on it

[ie quipachoaya they

governed it

quipachozque they will govern it

Page 98: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 98 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 98 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quipahuaci they boil it

quipalanaltia they soften it

quipalehuia it helps him; it helps it; they

help him

quipalehuiz he will help him; it will help


quipaloa he tastes it; they sample it;

they taste it

quipanahuia it exceeds it,

quipantilia they find it, they come upon it

quipapaca she washes it; they wash her

quipapacaz he will wash him

quipapatla they keep changing it

quipati it cures it

quipatia it cures him; they cure it

quipatilizque they will exchange it

quipatiznequia she wanted to cure it

quipatla they change it

quipaz she will dye it

quipehualtia he begins it; he gives rise to it;

he starts it; it begins it; they

begin it; they undertake it

quipepechtia he goes to bed

quipepena he chooses it; they elect him;

they choose him; they pick it


quipetlahua he polishes it; they polish it

quipetztoccahuazque they will leave him bard

quipeuh he conquered it

quipia he guards her; he guards it;

he cherishes it; he has it; he

possesses it; he keeps her; he

watches it; it guards it

quipia she protects her; they guard

her; they guard him; they

guard it; they watch it; they

keep it; they take charge of it;

they watch over it; they care

for it

quipialiaya they guarded it for him

quipiaya he guarded it; he kept it; they

guarded her; they guarded it;

they kept it; they kept watch;

they maintained it; they

observed it; they stored it;

they tended it (eg; fire)

quipiaz he will guard it; he will take

charge of it

quipiaz she will guard it, she will take

care of it

quipiazque they will watch it, they will

care for it

quipie he stores it, he takes care of it

quipiloa he hangs it

quipinahua he shames him, he

embarrasses him

quipipia they shut him in, they guard


quipipiloa they hang it

quipiquia they composed it, they

invented it; they produced it;

they made it

quipitza he blows it; it blows on him;

she blows it; she casts him;

they blow it; they blow it off;

they cast it

quipitzaya they cast it

quipitzonequi he uses it like a pig, he uses it

excessively; they lust for it like


quipixca they harvest it

quipixoa they spread it

quipoaya they recounted it

quipochina they card it; they shred it

quipoloa he consumes it; he destroys it;

he loses it; he mars it; he

spoils it; it destroys it; it drives

it away; they dispel it; they

knead it; they set upon him;

they attack him

quipoloaya they destroyed it; they lost it;

they moistened it; they

kneaded it

quipoloz he will destroy it

quipopochina they shred it fine

quipopoloz he will destroy it

quique they drank it

quiquechpanoa he carries it on his shoulders

quiquechtia they give it a neck

quiquentica it forms a mantle on her, it

dresses her

quiquequetza they set it up

quiquequetzaya they erected it

quiquequeza he tramples on it, he steps on


quiquetza he places it, he sets it; he sets

it up; he stands it up; they set

it; they place it

quiquetzaya he stood him up

quiquimichti mice

quiquimichtin mice

quiquimiloa he covers it over; he wraps it

up; she swaddles him; she

wraps him up; they bind it up;

they wrap it up; they wrap it

quiquimiloaya they wrapped it

Page 99: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 99 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 99 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quiquinaca it growls

quiquinacani buzzer; something that groans

quiquinacatica it is growling

quiquiquimiloa they wrap him well

quiquixti he took it away, he removed it

quiquixtia he brings it forth; he causes it

to grow; he provides it; he

saves him; he rescues him; it

brings it out; it causes it to

flow out; it removes it; it draws

it out; it expels it; it extracts it

quiquixtia she takes it out, she removes

it; they cause it to flow out;

they issue it; they bring it

forth; they present it; they

remove her; they bring her

out; they take it away; they

take it out; they remove it

quiquixtian it drives it out, it removes it

quiquixtiaya he drew it out, he pulled it out;

they did set him aside

quiquixtitiuh it goes removing it

quiquixtiz he will ransom him, he will

bring him out; it will expel it; it

will remove it

quiquiztli large seashell

quitamachihua it measures it

quitataca they dig her up; they dig it

quitealahua they smooth it

quiteca he places it; he pours it; he

spreads it; he lays it out

quiteca she places it, she pours it

quitecac he built it, he set it up; he laid

it down

quitecaque they placed it

quitecaya they laid it out

quiteci he grinds it; it grinds it up;

they grind it

quitecococamati he notes the pain

quitecualtia he gives it to someone to eat

quitecuili he took it away from someone

quiteitia he gives it to someone to


quiteittitia it reveals it, it makes it evident

quitema it places it

quitemaca he gives it to someone

quitemacani he is accustomed to giving it

to someone

quitemacaya he bestowed it, he gave it to


quitemachitia they make it known

quitemiquiz he will dream of it

quitemoa he looks for her, he seeks her;

he looks for it; he seeks him

out; he seeks it; it searches

for it; it seeks it; it looks for it

quitemoa they look for it, they seek it

out; they seek it

quitemoani one who seeks it

quitemoaya they sought it, they looked for


quitemohuia they lower it, they bring it


quitemohuiz he will lower it, he will pass it


quitemolia he seeks of it

quitemotinemi they go along looking for it;

they go searching for it

quitemozque they will seek it, they will look

for it

quitenehua he mentions it; he divulges it;

it mentions it; they call it; they

call upon it; they mention it

quitenehuaya they told of it, they

pronounced it

quitenehuaz he will mention it

quiteonotza they speak to him as a god

quitepehua they cast it, they scatter it

quitepehuaya he shed it, he scattered it;

they scattered it

quitepeuhtitlalia it heaps it up

quitequi he cuts it up

quitequi they cut it

quitequia they (did) cut it; they did cut it

quitequicua it eats it gluttonously

quitequilia he sets it out for him; they cut

it off of her; they place it

before him; they place it for


quitequipachoa it displeases him, it troubles


quiteteca they spread it

quitetepachoa they stone him

quitetepachoque they stoned him

quitetepachozque they will stone him to death

quitetepehua they scatter it repeatedly

quitetequi it cuts it up; she dismembers

it; she cuts it up; they cut him


quiteteuhilpia they bind him thoroughly, they

tie him firmly; they bind it

firmly; they tie it firmly

quiteteuhquimiloa they wrap him thoroughly,


quitetololtia he causes someone to

Page 100: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 100 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 100 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

swallow it

quitetzammatia they took it as a portent

quitetzauhmatia they considered it an evil


quitinemiz he will go on drinking it, he is

to go on drinking it

quitlacahualtiaya they restrained him

quitlacamati he obeys him; it obeys it; it

responds to it

quitlacaquitia he explains it to him, he

informs him of it

quitlacatilia they produce it

quitlacatiliaya they gave it form, they formed


quitlacatoca he gives the name of a man

(of respect)

quitlacencuilizque they will rob him, they will

plunder him

quitlachialtiaya they made him look at it

quitlacoa he damages it, he harms it; he

spoils it; he sins; it damages

it; it harms it; it defiles it; it

harms him; they damage it;

they err in it

quitlacoaya they erred in it, they damaged


quitlacomolhuia they make it fall into a pit

quitlacotiz he will rule it

quitlacotonilia they behead quail for her; they

cut something for her

quitlacozque they will damage it, they will

err in it; they will harm it; they

will ruin it

quitlactia he gives it a body

quitlacuallotia he takes food, he eats

quitlacuicuilizque they will rob him

quitlaelnequi he needs it immoderately

quitlaeltia it nauseates him, it disgusts


quitlaeyecalhuia it mocks it

quitlahueliaya he harmed it

quitlahuelilotilia it causes him irritation

quitlaitlanilia he begs him

quitlalaquia they place her in the earth

quitlali he put it, he set it in place

quitlalia he places him; he places it; he

puts it; it places it; it implants

it; they lay it down; they place

it; they lay it out; they place


quitlaliaya they formed it; they placed it;

they laid it; they set it up; they

put it

quitlalilia she places it on him; they

place it on him

quitlalique they built it; they placed it;

they prepared it

quitlaliz he will put it

quitlalizque they will make it, they will put


quitlalnamictia he recalls it, remembers it

quitlamacaz he will provide food for him

quitlamachtia he enjoys it

quitlamamaca they make offerings to him

quitlamanilia they lay gifts before him, they

put something for him

quitlamaniliaya they laid offerings before him;

they made

quitlamia it consumes it; it finishes it;

they finish it; they conclude it

quitlamiaya he finished it

quitlanamoyalizque they will rob him, they will

despoil him

quitlanxaxamania it shatters it with its teeth

quitlaocolnonotza he calls out to him in sadness

quitlapaloa he greets her; he greets him;

she greets him; they greet him

quitlapaloaya he greeted him; they greeted


quitlapaloz he will greet him, he is to

greet him

quitlapalozque they will visit him

quitlapichilia they provide music for him

quitlapoaya they uncovered it

quitlatia he conceals it, he hides it; it

burns it; she burns it

quitlatiaya they burned it

quitlatique they burned it

quitlatlalia it fixes it, it places it; they

place it successively; they

place it; they set it in place

quitlatlaliaya they repeatedly placed it

quitlatlamantilia they offer it separately

quitlatlauhtia he prays to him; she prays to


quitlatlauhtiaya they exhorted her, they asked


quitlatolchiaya they awaited his word

quitlatolilochtia he forces him to recant

quitlatolimacaci they dread his words, they

fear his words

quitlatzontequilia he pronounces judgement on


quitlaxilia he shoots at it; he shoots it at

him; it casts it at it; it throws it

Page 101: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 101 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 101 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

at it

quitlaz he cast it away, he threw it


quitlaz she cast it forth, she threw it


quitlaza he casts it down, he fells it

[eg, tree]; he casts it; he

throws it; he expels it; he

coughs it up; he spends it (eg;

night); he throws it away; he

tosses it; they cast it; they

throw it; they pass it; they

scatter it; they shoot it

quitlazotla he loves it; they love him; they

love it; they value it

quitlazotlaya he loved him

quitlazque they laid it [ie, egg]

quitlecahuia they take him up

quitlequiquizhuizque they will shoot him with a gun

quitliloa it turns it black, it blackens it

quito he called it; he said it; he told


quito it said it

quito she said it

quitoa he says it; he speaks; it says

it; it speaks; it spoke; she says

it; she talks; they call it; they

say it; they tell it

quitoaya he said it; he mentioned it; he

used to say it; it said it; she

said it; they called him; they

named him; they called it; they

named it; they said it; they told


quitoca he follows her, he pursues

her; he follows it; he chases it;

he goes along it; he pursues

it; he plants it; he sows it; he

travels it (ie; road); it buries

him; it continues; it follows

along it; it follows him; it

pursues him; it proceeds

through it

quitoca she buries it; she follows him;

she pursues him; she follows

it; they bury her; they bury

him; they bury it; they

continue it; they follow him;

they follow it; they take it (ie;

road); they sow it

quitocac he buried it

quitocamaca they give him a name

quitocani one who follows it

quitocatihui they go to bury her

quitocatinemi he goes along it; he goes

following along it; they go

following him

quitocaya he followed it; she burid it;

they followed him; they

followed it

quitocayoti he named it, he called it, he

gave it a name

quitocayotia he calls it, he gives it a name;

they call him; they call it; they

give it a name; they give a

name; they name it; they

called it; they name him

quitocayotiaya they called it; they named it;

they gave it the name; they

named her

quitocayotique they called it, they gave it a

name; they named him; they

named it

quitocaz he will follow it

quitocazque they will bury her; they will

bury him; they will bury it

quitohua they said it

quitolinia they harass it

quitoliniz she will hurt it, she will cause

it pain

quitolo he swallowed it

quitoloa he swallows it; it swallows it

quitoma it opens her

quitonalitlacoa they damage his day sign for


quitopehua it drives it away

quitoque they said it; they spoke

quitoquilia it comes after it; it proceeds

out of it; it continues from it

quitotia they make her dance

quitotiaya he made him dance

quitotinemi she goes about saying it

quitotoca they chase it

quitotolquimiloa they wrap the groups of reeds


quitotonia he heats it

quitotonilia they make him hot

quitoz he will say it

quitoznequi it means; it means it; as if to

say; that is to say; that is; they

want to say it

quitqui he carries it; he carries it off;

he takes it

quitqui she takes it, she carries it;

they carry it; they take it

quitquique they took it

Page 102: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 102 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 102 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quitquitinemi they go about carrying it

quitta he attains it, he sees it; he

beholds him; he sees him; he

beholds it; he consults it; he

notes it; he saw him; he saw

it; he looked at it; he looks at

him; he finds it; he looks at it;

he seeks it; he studies it; he

witnesses it; he will see it; it

sees him; it sees it; it finds it; it

realizes it

quitta she considers it, she sees it;

they saw him; they see her;

they look at her; they see him;

they look upon him; they see

it; they encounter it; they find

it; they look for it; they seek it;

they watch for it

quittac he saw it; he looked at it

quittani one who is accustomed to

seeing it

quittaque they found it, they saw it; they

saw him; they looked at it

quittaya he beheld it, he saw it; he

found it; he observed it; he

saw her; he looked at her; he

saw him; he looked upon it;

she saw it; she looked at it;

they discovered it; they saw it;

they found it; they saw him;

they looked at it; they studied

it; they were seeing it; they

sought it

quittaz he will find it, he will see it; he

will see him; he will look for it;

he will seek it; it will see it

quittaz she will look to it, she will see

it; she will see him; she will

look at him

quittaznequi he wants to see it

quittazque they will see her; they will see

him; they will see it

quittitiz he will show it to him

quitzacua they cover it

quitzatzauctinemi he goes blocking it

quitzatzayana they tear it to pieces, they rip

it to shreds

quitzatzayanaya they split it up

quitzatzilia he cries out to him; he shouts

to him; she cries out to her;

she shouts to her; she cries

out to him; she cries out to it

quitzatziliaya he shouted to them, he

summoned them

quitzatzilitihui they go shouting at him

quitzeltilia she tears it; they pound him

quitzetzeloa he shakes it; they shake it out

quitzinpachichina it sucks it from below

quitzinpachoa it covers it at the back

quitzinquixtia they withdraw it

quitzinquixtique they withdrew it

quitzintia it introduces it, it begins it;

they begin in

quitzintique they began it, they founded it

quitzitzquia he holds it, he grasps it; she

holds it; she grasps it; they

seize it

quitzmolinaltiaya he caused it to sprout

quitzoncui he seizes his hair, he plucks

hair from him; he takes hair;

he plucks hair; they cut his


quitzoncuia he took hair, he plucked hair

quitzonteconehua it makes his head ache

quitzontecontia he gives it a head

quitzotzomaquimiloa she wraps it in cloth

quitzotzona she beats it, she pounds it;

they beat it; they pound it

quitzotzonaya they hammered it, they

pounded it

quitztzeltilia she pricks it

quixayacatia he gives it a face

quixayacatiaya they provided it with a mask

quixayohuitoma he looses tears

quixca they roast it

quixcocotona she tears her face

quixcocototza she hacks her face

quixhualtia he causes it to sprout

quixima he carves it; he cuts it; they

cut it [ie; her hair]; his hair];

they cut it; they shave it; they

smooth it; they plane it; they

work it

quiximati he knows it; he is familiar with

it; he identifies it; they give

heed to it; they know about it;

they are familiar with it; they

know it; they understand it;

they know of it; they recognize


quiximatia they knew it, they understood


quiximatiz he will know it, he will be

familiar with it

quiximatizque they will know him

Page 103: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 103 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 103 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

quiximatizquia they would have known him

quiximatque they knew it, they learned

about it

quixipehua they flay her; they flay him

quixipehuaya they flayed her; they flayed


quixipeuh he flayed him

quixipeuhtihuetzi they quickly flay it

quixiptlatiaya they formed her image; they

made an image of him; they

represented her

quixiptlayoti they made his image

quixiptlayotiaya he represented him; he was

his likeness

quixixili they spear

quixixiltinemi they keep packing it down

quixixima he keeps carving it

quixnamictimotlalia it settles down to face him

quixnamiqui they contend with it

quixoaya there was leaving, there was

going out

quixohuaya there was going forth

quixotlaltiaya he caused it to blossom

quixotlaya they (did) cut it

quixoxa they bewitch him

quixoxohuialtiaya he caused it to leaf out

quixoxouhcapachoa she massages her raw

quixpatilia it distracts him

quixtelolotia he gives it eyes

quixtiloya she was set aside; they were

released; they were freed

quixtlapachcuepa she turns it upside down

quiya he drank it

quiya they drank it

quiyacana he leads it

quiyacana they go before him, they go in

front of him

quiyacanamiqui he intercepts it

quiyahua she raises it in dedication, she

raises it in offering, she offers


quiyahuac outside; out of doors

quiyahualoa they encircle it, they surround


quiyahuatl water, rainwater

quiyahui it rains, it is rainy

quiyahuitl rain

quiyahuiz it will rain

quiyamania it soothes it; they tan it; they

soften it

quiyectlalia they arrange it well

quiyo:litia it animates it

quiyo:litiaya he quickened it, he gave it life

quiyo:litiz he will put life into it, he will

cause it to live

quiyocox he created it

quiyocoxque they devised it, they created it;

they invented it

quiyocoyaya he created it

quiyocoyaz he will create it

quiyolitlacoa compassionate; he hates it

quiyolmictiz it will terrify him

quiyoti it forms a stem

quiz he arrived; he will drink it; he

is to drink it; he will drink; he is

to drink; it came out; it


quiz she will drink it; she is to drink


quiza he comes forth, he comes out;

he escapes; he goes out; he

goes forth

quiza it comes; it comes out; it

emerges; it issues; it erupts; it

goes out; it leaves; it goes

away; it shows; they come

out; they emerge

quizaca it carries it off

quizacatlapachoa they cover it with grass

quizacaz it will carry it off

quizahuiaya it frightened him

quizaya he went out, he fared forth; it

came out; they passed

quizaz he will come out; he will

escape; he will go out; it will

come out; it will emerge; it will

pass out

quizaznequi he tries to go out, he wants to

go out; he tries to leave; he

wants to leave

quizcaltiaya he caused it to grow

quizo he pierces it

quizoa he opens it out, he spreads it

out; it spreads it; it opens it

quizoloa it ruins it

quizolotza he sucks it in

quizoma it irritates him, it angers him

quizonehua it disturbs it

quizotla it makes him vomit

quizotlacmiqui it paralyzes him

quizotlahuaz it will make him faint

quizozo they draw blood from him

quizozoya they bled him

quizque they escaped, they went out;

Page 104: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 104 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 104 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

they left; they traveled; they

will drink it

quiztihuetzi it quickly flies apart

quiztlacmina it (ie, snake) strikes him

quiztlaqui he lusts for it

sacramentos sacraments

tachihualo he becomes a father

taciz you will reach

tacizque we will reach, we will arrive

tacolpa on our shoulder

tahhuayo you are thorny

tahua you are the owner of water

tahua titepehua you are the inhabitant of a city

tahuehuetl you are a cypress tree

tai you do it

taiz you will do

tamaloa they make tamales

tamazoli toad

tamechtoyollalilizque we will console you (pl)

tanamelactli straight basket

tanamimilli cylindrical basket

tananamacac basket seller

tanatl basket

tanatli reed basket

tanayahualli small round basket

tanima our souls

tapachtli seashell

tapalcatl potsherd; sherd

tapalcayo having a shell; having tile-

shaped scales; sherd-like;

having a sherd; tile-like

tapalcayotl shell

tapayaxin salamander

tapayolca he is rolled up like a ball

tapayoltic ball-like; like a ball

tapazoltic bushy

tapiz our hunger

tatapatli rag, tatters

tatapatzintli rag, tatters

tatapayoltic round like a ball

tatatacazque let's scratch for water

tatequitl duty of fatherhood

tatli father

tatliz you will drink

tatliznequi you want to drink (water)

tatlizque we will drink water

taxca our possessions, our goods

taxix our urine

taxixteco our bladder

taxixtecon our bladder

taxixtetzahualiz our dysuria

tayo our liquid; our moisture

tayotl fatherhood

te you

te:chiyalo people wait for s.o.

te:imacaxo there is fearing of s.o.

te:itto there is fearing of s.o.

te:pahpa:quilti:lo make s.o. happy

te:te:ne:hualo there is mentioning of s.o.

te:telchi:hualo ridicule s.o.

te:tlazohtlalo love s.o.

teaahua he belabors people, he scolds


teahua he quarrels with people; he

wrangles with others; he

scolds people

teahualiztlatolli reprimanding words

teahui one's aunt

teahuialti it gladdens one

teahuihuan aunts

teahuilquixtia she dishonors one

teahuitiz she will be an aunt

teahuitzin aunt

tealtiani bather; one who bathes


tealtiani slave bather

tealtianime bathers; slave bathers;

ceremonial bather

tealtiaya he bathed people, he bathed

slaves; they bathed people

(eg; slaves)

tealtique bathers

tealtiz he will bathe people, he is to

bathe slaves; he will bathe

slaves; he will bathe

someone; she will bathe


teapitzalti it causes diarrhea

teatlanmictia it drowns people

teatlitiz he will provide drink

teatzelhuia he sprinkles people

teatzelhuitiuh he goes sprinkling people

teca for people, for others

teca tlaocoyani compassionate person

tecacalitic in each person's house

tecacqui obedient

tecalaquia he receives people, he acts as

a receptionist

tecamac in one's mouth

tecamacpa from one's mouth

tecamanalhuia he tempts people, he

entertains people

tecamapaca they wash people's mouths

Page 105: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 105 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 105 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tecamapaco mouth washing is done

teccizmichi shellfish

tecciztli seashell; shell trumpet; snail

tececec alum

tececenmana he disperses people

tecehuac chalky

tecencahualo there is adorning of people,

there is arraying of people

techahuilquixtia she dishonors us

techalotl squirrel

techaloyehuatl squirrel skin

techan someone's house

techcaqui he hears us

techicahua he animates people

techicauhca healthy place

techichihualo there is adorning of people,

there is arraying of people

techicoihtoz she will abuse someone

techicoitoa he betrays people

techitta he sees us

techmacaque they gave it to us

techmictiznequi he tries to kill us

techmomaquilia he gives it to us

techmonequililia he requires it of us

techoponia it [eg, snake] strikes one

techpalehuiz it will help us, it will be of

advantage to us

techpinauhtia she shames us

techpoloa it injures us

techpoloz he will destroy us

techtequipachoa it afflicts us, it makes us suffer

techtlanextili it provided us with light

techtolinia he abuses us, he causes us


tecihuahuan people's wives

tecihuiloz it will be hailed on

tecihuitl hail; hail stone

tecihuiz it will hail

tecinmiquiz it will be damaged by hail

teciuhtica with hailstones, by means of


teciz she will grind

tecoa they buy people

tecoacualli snakebite

tecoani slave buyer; slave dealer

tecoanime slave dealers

tecoanotza he invites him to a banquet

tecoanotzaliztlatolli invitation to a banquet

tecoanotzaliztli summons to a feast, invitation

to a banquet

tecoanotzalo there is inviting to a banquet

tecoanotzani host

tecoanotzaz she will invited people to feast

tecoanotzqui host

tecoaz he will buy slaves, he will buy


tecochizpan in a dream

tecoco painful

tecocolia he hates people

tecocoliani hater, one who hates people;

one who hates someone;


tecocoliliztli persecution, hate

tecocotlatolli words of torment

tecohuani slave buyer

tecohuanime slave dealers

tecohuanotzaliztli banquet invitation

tecohuaz he will buy a slave, he will buy

someone; he will buy slaves

tecol one's grandfather

tecolatl charcoal and water past;

charcoal and water paste

tecolli charcoal

tecolocualiztli scorpion bite

tecolotl horned owl; owl

tecoltia they char

tecoltic charcoal-colored

tecoltica with charcoal, by means of


tecomatl earthen vessel

tecomitl stone basin

teconaltic like carbon; like charcoal

teconeuh one's daughter

tecontic like a jar

tecontlacuilolli painted gourd vessel

tecpatetic like flint

tecpatl flint

tecpilli noble

tecpiltezcatl mirror of the noblemen

tecpiltic courteous

tecua it bites one; it bites people; it

bites someone

tecuacehcepouh he disgusted people

tecuachtli small cape

tecuacua it bites

tecualanalti it angers one

tecualani destestable, irritating

tecualania it angers someone

tecualnexti it made one appear good

tecualtilia it improves one

tecuanehuatl wild animal skin

tecuani beast; biter

tecuani poisonous

tecuani wild animal; wild beast

Page 106: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 106 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 106 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tecuanime biters; wild beasts

tecuanitla place of wild beasts

tecuannacatl wild beast flesh

tecuauhtlaxonecuilhuia it throws sticks at people

tecuazque they will eat people

tecue someone's skirt

tecuic someone's song

tecuicananamiqui he joins people in singing

tecuicatia he provides songs for others

tecuini it beats

tecuitlatl lake scum

tecuitlaxcolyecti it soothes one's intestines

teetili it makes one heavy

teezio our blood

teezzo one's color

tehcauh our breath

tehcoyouhtinemi he goes along howling

tehecatl you are the wind

tehipotza it hisses at one

tehitic inside people; within one;

within someone

tehixitia it brings one from his sleep, it

awakens one

tehpochtli smoky stone

tehtenextic ashen

tehuan among others, among people

tehuan together, with one [this may

their eggs]!!!; we; with one;

with people; with others; with


tehuantin we

tehuapahuani teacher

tehuatl you

tehuatzin you [h]

tehueilia it enlarges one

tehuetzquiti it made people laugh;


tehuic towards one, towards people

tehuicaltin companions

tehuihuiteco there is beating of people

tehuihuiteque they struck people

tehuilacachtic disc-like

tehuilonacochtli crystal ear plug

tehuilotic like crystal, like glass;


tehuilotl crystal; glass; rock crystal

tehuitequi he beats someone

tehuithualco in the temple courtyard

teicampa behind others

teichpoch maiden; one's daughter

teichpochhuan one's daughters

teicnotlacaahuatica he reprimands the poor

teimacacini they are respectful, they are


teimacaciz he will show reverence to

others, he will respect others

teimacazqui one who fears people

teini they are shattered

teitic within one; within someone;

within oneself

teitqui it carries one

teitta she sees someone

teittaz she will look at people

teitzmolinaltia it fills one out

teiuc one's second daughter

teiuctzin one's beloved second


teixco in one's presence; in public; in

people's presence; in people's

faces; in the eye

teixcuepanime tricksters

teixhuiuh grandchild

teixiptla image; representation;

impersonator; representative;

someone's image

teixiptlahuan impersonators; likenesses;

their images; their

representations; their


teixiptlati impersonator

teixpan before him, in front of him;

before people; in front of

people; in public; before the

people; before others; before


teixtenco on the eyelid

teixtlan before people, in front of


teiyemaco tubes of tobacco are offered

teizahuiaya she terrified people

teizcalia he rears people, he teaches


teizcaltia he rears people

teizotlalti it causes vomiting

teiztlacahuiani deceiver

teiztlacahuianime deceivers

tel nevertheless, but

telchihualoz he will be accursed

telchihualozque they will be abominated; they

will be accursed

telchiquiuh our chest

telchitl he is rightly served, it serves

him right

telpocatoton young men

Page 107: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 107 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 107 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

telpochcalco in the young men's house

telpochcali young men's house

telpochpan place of the youths; youths'


telpochtlahueliloc lewd youth

telpochtlatoque masters of the youths; rulers

of the youths

telpochtli youth; young (warrior); young


telpochtontli untried youth; young boy;

youth; young man

telpochtotolin young turkey cock

telpochyotl youthfulness, estate of youth

telpopochpipil youths

telpopochti youths

telpopochtin youths

telpopochtzitzinti youths

temac in someone's hands

temacehual one's reward

temachtia he instructs others

temahuizyotia it glorifies one, it gives one


temalaxixtli urine with pus

temalli pus

temamacuitihuetzi they quickly seize someone

with their hands

temamauhti it frightened people; terrifying;


temamauhtican fearful place

tematequilo hand washing is done

temauhcaittani they are attentive, they are


temauhcaittaz he will show reverence for


temaxac in someone's crotch

temazatl mountain goat

teme stones, rocks

temecanitihui they go hanging people

temetztlalli pulverized lead

temetztli lead

temi it fills; it swells

temicamatl dream book, book for

interpreting dreams

temictia he kills people; they kill

people; they slay people

temictilo there is slaying of people

temictli dream

temimiliuhqui shaped like a stone column

temimiltic cylindrical; like a pillar; like a

stone column; round like a

pillar; round like a stone

column; shaped like a stone

column; shaped like a stone


temiqui they dream

temixihuitiani one who delivers babies

temmetlapiltic having a large muzzle

temmimiltic having a cylindrical bill

temo it comes down, it descends; it


temo:hua there is descending

temoc it fell, it descended

temoli black beetle

temoloz he will sought

temomoyahua he disbands people

temotlaya he struck people

temoxtli ehecatl pestilence

temoya they descended; they went


tempatlactic broad-billed

tempatlactli wide bill

tempatlahuac having a broad bill; wide-billed

tempitzahuac having a slender bill; having a

slender muzzle; having a thin


tempitzaton having a slender muzzle

tenacaltic having a concave bill

tenacaztli corner stone

tenacazxapotlaloya there was piercing of ear


tenahuac with others, with people, near


tenahuan mothers

tenamiquizque they will meet him, they will

confront him

tenamitl wall; rampart; ramparts

tenamoyelo their is robbing of people;

there is plundering of people

tenan mother; one's mother

tenanahualnotza they call them by trickery

tenanhuan mothers; their mothers

tenantitlan at the wall

tenantzin mother

tenchalli chin

tenchicahuac having a strong mouth;


tencoliuhqui having a curved bill

tencolli curved bill

tencoltic having a curved bill; beak

tencoyahuac wide-mouthed

tencozpiltic having a very yellow bill

tencoztic having a yellow bill; having a

yellow mouth; yellow-

mouthed; yellow-billed

Page 108: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 108 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 108 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tencua hare-lipped

tencualactli deceit, lie

tencuicuitlatl dirt around the lips

tencuitlatl dirt around the lips

tene bordered, having a border

tenehuallo he is esteemed

tenehualo he is named; they are named;

they are mentioned

tenemiliz one's conduct; someone's life

tenemiliztia he is exemplary, he shows

someone a life

tenenco deceiving; fraud

tenenenco cheat

tenexatl lime water; ashen water

tenexatolli atole treated with lime

tenexcacahuatl chocolate with lime water

tenexhuia she applies ashes to someone

tenexihui she becomes pale (like lime)

tenexio mixed with lime

tenexmama he carries the lime on his back

tenexnamacac lime seller

tenextetic like limestone

tenextetl kind of limestone; limestone


tenextic chalky

tenextlalli limestone land

tenextlati one who burns limestone

tenextlatia he burns limestone

tenextlatiloni that which is burned to make


tenextli lime; limestone

tenhuelic agreeable of speech;

agreeable speaker

tenhuiac having a long bill

tenhuiacapil having a long, small muzzle

tenhuihuiyoca his lips tremble

tenhuilaxtic having a long muzzle

tenhuitzpil small pointed bill

tenhuitztic having a pointed bill; having a

sharp; pointed bill

tenhuitztli pointed bill

tenhuitzton small pointed bill; small;

pointed bill

tenihhuihuahuanqui striped with feathers

tenio famous

tenitztic sharp-edged

tenitztli black skimmer

tennacatl flesh of the lips

tenonotza he advises people

tenonotzale adviser

tenonotzaliztlatolli discourse of admonition;


tenonotzaliztli admonition, counsel

tenotza he admonishes people

tenotzaya he invited people; he

summoned people

tenpapatlaca his lips quiver

tenpitzaton having a rather thin snout;

having a small; slender


tenpochectic having a spongy muzzle

tenpochichitic having a soft muzzle

tentepitztic hard

tentepozomitic like a metal awl

tentepoztic having a bill like a nail; having

a nail-like bill; having a

pointed bill like a nail

tentetepontic having a blunt bill; having a

short muzzle; having a stubby

muzzle; short-billed; having a

short bill; stubby-muzzled;

with a very blunt snout; blunt-


tentetl lip plug

tentimani it is full

tentlapalli colored fringe

tentlaxichtic having a dart-shaped bill

tentli lip

tentliltic black-billed; having a black bill

tentomahuac having a thick muzzle; thick-


tentzone bearded

tentzoneque bearded ones

tenxochitl flowery of speech, beguiling;

of flowery speech

teoatl war

teoaztatl snowy egret

teocalli temple

teochia he waits for someone on the


teocihuayan place of hunger

teociohuaya place of starvation

teococoliztli divine sickness; leprosy

teoctli god's wine, sacred wine

teocuahuitl oak tree

teocuicatl gods' song, sacred song

teocuitla gold

teocuitlaamatl gold leaf

teocuitlacalli house of gold

teocuitlacaxitl gold bowl

teocuitlacomalli golden disc

teocuitlacopilli golden conical cap

teocuitlacotzehuatl golden band for the calf of the


Page 109: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 109 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 109 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

teocuitlacoyolli golden bell

teocuitlacozcatl gold necklace; golden


teocuitlacoztic gold

teocuitlacuauhcaxitl gold eagle vessel

teocuitlaepcololli curved gold shell pendant

teocuitlahua goldworker

teocuitlahuaque goldsmiths; goldworkers

teocuitlamatemecatl gold arm band; golden arm

band; golden bracelet

teocuitlanacoche having golden ear plugs

teocuitlanacochtli gold ear plug; golden ear plug

teocuitlapanitl golden banner

teocuitlapapalotl golden butterfly

teocuitlapatli gold medicine

teocuitlapitzaya they cast (past) gold

teocuitlapitzcayotl casting of gold

teocuitlapitzque gold-workers; goldsmiths

teocuitlapitzqui gold-worker

teocuitlaquemitl golden garment

teocuitlatempilolli gold lip pendant

teocuitlatentetl gold lip plug

teocuitlatica with gold, by means of gold

teocuitlatl gold; silver

teocuitlayo gold; golden

teohua keeper of the god

teohuatzin keeper of the god

teoithualco in the temple courtyard

teololihui it becomes like a round stone

teololtic like a round stone; round

teomiquiz he will be sacrificed as a


teooctli gods's wine, sacred wine;

sacred pulque

teootl deity, god

teopan temple

teopixque priests; guardians of god;

keepers of the gods

teopixqui keeper of the god, priest

teoquemitl divine cape; godly cape

teotetl jet

teotihuac the god was made

teotl god; blessed; divine; holy;


teotlac evening, late afternoon;


teotlachco god's ball court

teotlacpa in the evening; in late


teotlalli desert waste

teotlanextli god's light

teotlatlatolli god's word

teotlatolli god's word; holy word; word of


teotlatolpan in god's word

teotlatquitl array of the gods

teotzanatl boat-tailed grackle

teoxalli abrasive sand

teoxihuitl fine turquoise

teoxochitl godly flower, sacred flower

teoyotl divinity; holiness; something


tepachichina it sucks one

tepachoa he rules, he governs

tepachoani governor

tepal on someone's account

tepalehuiani helpful

tepallama he takes a captive with the aid

of others

tepan among others, among people

tepan on people, on men

tepan with people

tepan yaque they violated someone

tepan yauh he commits adultery; she

practises adultery

tepan yaz he will commit adultery

tepancacalaqui they enter from house to


tepancamac in openings in walls

tepanmelahuac straight-walled

tepantemo he climbs walls

tepantli wall

tepapaquiltia he gives joy to one

tepatia it cures one

tepatilo there is curing of people,

people cure someone

tepehuaco they came to conquer

tepepan in the mountains; on the


tepepia they guard the hill

tepeti he becomes a mountain

tepetic mountain-like

tepeticpac on the mountain top

tepetl hill; mountain

tepetlalli silt; topsoil

tepetontli small mountain, small hill

tepexitl crag

tepi oldest daughter

tepia she guards one

tepilhuan children; someone's sons;

someone's children

tepiltemalli corrupted matter from the


tepinauhtia he insults people

Page 110: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 110 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 110 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tepinauhtiliztli act of shaming someone

tepito small

tepiton a little bit; small; little

tepitoton a little bit; lesser; small; tiny;

very little; very small

tepitzin a little bit; little one

tepitzintle o little one

tepitzpatic very hard

tepitztic hard; firm

tepizcantoton small amount

tepolli penis

tepoloa he destroys people

tepoloani one who destroys people

teponazcuicanime those who beat the two-toned


teponazcuicatl song with the two-toned drum

teponazoani teponaztli player, one who

plays the two-toned drum

teponaztli two-toned drum

tepotzotic humped

tepozcaxic in a copper vessel

tepoze ax owner

tepozhuictica with a metal knife, by means

of a metal knife

tepozhuictli copper scalpel

tepozmaccuahuitl iron sword

tepozmacuahueque swordsmen

tepozmacuauhtica with iron swords, by means of

iron swords

tepozmitl iron arrow; iron bolt

tepoznacochtli copper ear plug

tepozomitotonti metal awls

tepozoni it swells one with anger

tepozpitza he casts copper

tepozpitzcayotl casting of copper

tepozpitzqui copper caster; coppercaster

tepozteca he pours copper

tepoztica with metal, by means of metal

tepoztlalli copper earth; copper filings

tepoztlateconi copper knife; knife

tepoztlaxichtli iron nail

tepoztli ax; copper, iron; hard metal;

irons; metal

tepoztopileque lancers

tepoztopilli iron lance

tepoztopiltica with an iron pole, by means of

an iron pole; with iron lances;

by means of iron lances

tequechtlan on someone's throat

tequipacholo:z she will be troubled

tequitia he worked

tequitilo he is given a task

tequitiz she will do her work; she will

work; she will labor

tequitl function; his mission;

obligation; responsibility; task;

requirement; tribute; work;


tequitlahuanqui very drunk

tequitlaneloa they pole vigorously, they row

hard; they row vigorously

tequitlatlatoa he gibbers

tequixocomic very drunk

tequixocomicqui very drunk

tequixquitlalli nitrous earth; nitrous soil

tequiyauh stones rained, it rained stones

teta father

teta one's father

tetahua fathers

tetahuan fathers; their fathers

tetatzin father

tetecoltic like charcoal

tetecuica it crackles; it flares up; it

howls; it hurts; it rumbles; it


tetecuitzahui it crackles; they crackle

tetecuitztic crackling

tetehuitl paper banner; paper streamer

teteini it breaks up

tetemoya he came down, he descended

tetenamitl walls

tetenqui full of stones, stony

tetenxochitzotzona he wheedles

tetenxochitzotzona she induces with words, she


tetenxochitzotzonani wheedler, one who wheedles

teteo goddesses; gods

teteoh gods

teteohuatzitzin keepers of the gods

teteopan temples

teteopohualli sacrificial paper

teteoye o gods

tetepachoa it throws stones at people

tetepacholo:z he will be stoned

tetepe mountains

tetepontic stubby; short

tetepontli knee

tetepontontli stubby, small

tetequipacho he oppressed people

tetetzacatili it cause him to become sterile

teteuctin lords

tetexotic light blue; very blue

teteyo very stony

tetica with a stone, by means of a

Page 111: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 111 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 111 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

stone; with stones; by means

of stones

tetilma one's cape

tetl rock, stone; clod

tetla among others, among people

tetlacachihuiliani one who brings birth about (ie,


tetlacahualtiaya they restrained him; they

restrained people

tetlacahualtiloya it was forbidden

tetlacamati he obeys

tetlacamatini obedient person

tetlacamatiz she will be respectful

tetlacaquitia he harangues people

tetlachialiani one who watches

tetlachialti it made people see

tetlacotl club

tetlacualtia they feasted others, they fed


tetlacualtiz she will give food to people

tetlahuan drinking cup; uncles

tetlailitta he despises people

tetlalcahuia he goes off by himself

tetlamacaz he will provide food

tetlan among people

tetlan with others, with people;

among others

tetlan aqui he commits adultery

tetlanaquini one who provides support

tetlanectia he makes people desire


tetlanocuilana she draws worms from

people's teeth

tetlapachilhuia he saves for others

tetlapallo one's color

tetlapaloliztlatolli word of greeting

tetlapaloz he will greet people

tetlapanqui one who shatters rocks; stone


tetlapololtianime confusers

tetlati he burned people

tetlatlacol one's guilt; wrongdoing

tetlatlaitlanilia it begs from them

tetlatlazaltique robbers

tetlatol one's words; someone's


tetlatzin uncle

tetlaxima he commits adultery; he

engages in adultery

tetlaxima she commits adultery

tetlaximaliztli adultery

tetlaximaz he will commit adultery

tetlaxinque adulterers

tetlaxinqui adulterer

tetlaxintli stone carving

tetlazotlaliztlatolli loving word

tetlazotlani they are benevolent

tetleyotia it makes one illustrious, it

makes one famous

tetloc with others, with people

tetolini he inflicted pain, he caused

suffering; it abused people; it

afflicted people; it caused

people suffering

tetoliniani one who abuses people, one

who causes people pain

tetolinica torment

tetolinican place of misery

tetoliniz he will abuse people, he will

cause people pain

tetoma it increases one in size

tetonal one's lot

tetontli small stone

tetzacpatic very thick

tetzahua it becomes firm; it thickens

tetzahuac thick; dense; firm; hard;


tetzahuitl monster; omen, evil omen,


tetzalan among people; among others

tetzamachiotl sign of evil

tetzatzilia he shouts at others; he shouts

at people

tetzatziliaya he was shouting at people

tetzauhcohuatl serpent of omen

tetzauhtlatlacolli abominable sin; great sin

tetzauhtlatolli rumor

tetzauhtototl bird of ill omen

tetzcalihui it becomes smooth

tetzcalpatic highly polished; very smooth

tetzcaltic polished; refined; shiny;

smooth; glossy; thick

tetzcaltontli small and smooth

tetzictic smooth

tetzintlan in the anus

tetzitzicazhui reprimander

tetzitzicazhuia he beats one with nettles

tetzitzquia he seduces people

tetzontecon one's head

tetzoponia it pricks one

tetzotzona he pounds stone, he hammers


tetzotzonaloz he will be struck by stones

tetzotzoncati he works as a stone cutter, he

Page 112: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 112 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 112 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

becomes a stone cutter

tetzotzonque lapidaries, stone cutters

tetzotzonqui stone cutter

teuctlatolli discourse of the ruler;


teuctlatoque high judges; judges; lords

teuctli lord

teuhtic powdered, like dust

teuhtlalli dusty land

teuhtli dust; filth; vice; perverseness

teuhtli tlazolli vice

teuhyo tlazollo full of vice

teutini that which powders, that

which becomes dust

texallo craggy

texamatl bark paper

texcalapan in craggy water

texcalcehuia he cools the oven

texcalco in an oven; in crags; in

precipices; in the crags; the


texcalla among the crags; in the crags

texcalli cliff; crag; precipice; oven

texcalmichi fish of the crags

texcalmichtin fish of the crags

texcaltitech on the crags

texcaltitlan among the crags

texcan bedbug

texicnacayo flesh of one's navel

texinqui lapidary

texio fine-textured

texiuhtlati irritating

texixilihua there is stabbing of people

texixitinia he scatters people

texoamacale having a blue paper


texocaltic exceedingly blue; very blue

texochimaca they give flowers to people

texochimacac flower server

texochimaco flowers are offered

texochitia they provide people with


texolotic pestle-shaped

texoni something which can be


texoti it is blue

texotic blue; light blue

texoxaya he bewitched people

texoxocoyomat she caresses people

textli flour; ground maize; ground

maize or corn

teyacacpa from people's noses

teyacana he takes the lead, he guides

people; it leads

teyacanaz he will lead people

teyacapan one's first-born

teyizahuican terrifying place

teyo:litia it makes one live

teyolitlaco it is disturbing to people; it is

offensive to people

teyollalia he consoles people; he gives

comfort to one; they give

comfort to one

teyollo men's heart; one's heart;

someone's heart

teyollotlapaltilia he comforts people

teyolmalacachoa it deranges people

teyolmictia it terrifies one

tezacatl lip rod

tezcahuauhtli mirror-stone amaranth

tezcatl mirror; example; model;


tezcatlalli mirror stone earth, pulverized

mirror stone; mirror-stone

earth; pulverized mirror-stone

tezonahui it becomes rough

tezontic rough

tezotlacmictia it paralyzes one

tezotlahua it makes one swoon away,


tiacapan first-born

tianquililo wares are marketed

tianquizco in the market place

tianquiztentli edge of the market place

tianquiztlacualli market food

tianquiztli market place

tiauh you go

tiaz you will go; you are to go

tiazque you will go

tica we are; you are

ticaciz you will capture him

ticahuiltiz you will gladden him

ticalaqui we enter

ticana you grasp it; you take it; you

seize it

ticanaz you will take it

ticaquiz you will insert it

ticate we are; we exist

ticcacque we heard it

ticcahuazque we will leave him, we will take

our leave of him

ticcana we accept it

ticcaquizque we will hear it, we will listen to


Page 113: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 113 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 113 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

ticchia you wait for him

ticchihua we do it

ticchihuaz you will do it; you are to do it;

you will make it; you will

commit it

ticchiuhqui you made it

ticcuaz you will eat it; you are to eat it

ticcui we take it; you take it; you

seize it

ticcuic you took it

ticectic white, chalky

ticehua it becomes chalky; it becomes


ticehuac ashen, whitish

ticehuac chalky; pale; whitish; grey;

light-colored; white

ticehuacatontli a little whitish

ticehuaque whitish (pl)

tichalchihuitl you are a precious green


tichichihualo you are arrayed

ticho:ca you weep, you cry

ticho:cani we are wont to weep, we are

accustomed to weeping

ticholo:zque we will flee, we will run away

tichuecahuaz you will delay

ticicaxitl physician's bowl

ticihua we are women

ticihuatzitzinti we women, us women

ticiotl art of medicine

ticitl medicine man; midwife;


ticmahuiltia you play

ticmahuizalhuiz you will honor him

ticmahuizoz you will admire it

ticmana we place it, we lay it down

ticmati we know it; we perceive it; you

consider him; you regard him;

you feel it; you are moved;

you know it; you think him

ticmatizque we will know it

ticmattiuh you go knowing it

ticmictia we kill her; we kill it

ticmocaquitia you (h) hear it

ticmochihuili you [h] did it

ticmochihuilia you [h] bring it about, you [h]

do it; you [h] make it

ticmochihuiliani you [h] customarily do it

ticmochihuiliz you [h] will do it, you [h] wil

make it

ticmocuilia you (h) grasp it, you (h) grab it

ticmoquixtilia you [h] bring it forth

ticnequiz you will wish it, you will

require it

ticnocuauhtli you poor eagle warrior

ticnohuehuetque we are poor old men

ticnoocelotl you poor ocelot warrior

ticochitlehua we see in dreams

ticochizque we will sleep

ticonetontli you are a child

ticpatiz you will heal her

tictequilizque we will lay it for him

tictlacaittaz you will see him as a man

tictlacamatiz you will obey him

tictlapoa we open it

tictlaza we cast it, we throw it; you

cast it away

tictlazaz you will cast it down

tictomacehuizque we shall merit it

tictotlatolchialican let us await his word

ticualtilizameyalli you are the fount of good

ticuauhtli you are an eagle; you are an

eagle warrior; you are the

eagle warrior; you eagle


ticueponi you hatch, you are hatched

tiez you will be

tihuallaque we came

tihualmocuepaz you will return

tihualquizazque we will come by

tihuecahuazque we will tarry, we will delay

tihuehuein we are mature; we old men

tihuehuenton you are an old man

tihuehuetque we are old men

tihuelitilizameyalli you are the fount of power,

you are the fount of might

tihuetz you fell

tihuetztoc you are lying

tihuian let's go

tihuitz you come

tihuitzyo you are spiny

tilacpahtic very thick

tilacpatic very thick

tilactic thick; thickish

tilahua it is thick

tilahuac thick; heavy

tilahuacayo thick

tilahuacayotl thickness

tilamatque we are old women

tilcahualoz you will be forgotten

tilhuilo it is told to you, you are told it

TILMAHTLI The cape, mantle or tunic

worn by Mesoamerican men

tilmanamacaque mantle sellers

Page 114: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 114 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 114 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tilmapalan spoiled cape, rotten cape

tilmatica with a cloth; with capes; by

means of capes

tilmatli cape; mantle

tilmazolli old cape

timacehualli you are a common person

timacehualti we achieve our merit; we

commoners; you gain merit

timaco it is given to you, you are

given it

timacoc it was given to you, you were

given it

timacoz it will be given to you, you will

be given it

timahuiztic you are esteemed

timahuizyo you are honored

timalli pus

timaltia you bathe

timaltiz you will bathe; you will bathe


timaxcatzitzinhuan we are your possessions

timazoa you stretch out your arms, you

open your arms

timecaniloz you will be hanged

timezyo you are their blood

timiminoz you will shot with arrows

timiquiz you will die

timitzittazque we will see you

timitzmaca we give it to you

timitztzatzilia we cry out to you, we shout at


timocalaquiz you will enter, you are to enter

timocauh you finished

timocexiuhzahuaz you will fast for a year

timochi all of you

timochihua you become

timochihuaz you will become

timochinti all of us

timochintin all of us

timochipahuaz you will purify yourself

timocochitiz you will sleep

timocuiltonoa you acquire abundance, you

become prosperous

timomati you consider yourself, you

regard yourself

timomauhtia you are afraid

timomauhtiz you will be afraid, you will

have fear

timomecaniz you will hang yourself

timonahuan we are your mothers

timoneloa you roll, you wallow

timonemitiz you [h] will live

timoquetzaco you came to place yourself,

you came to stand

timotahuan we are your fathers

timotepexihuiz you will hurl yourself from a

crag, you will throw yourself

from a crag

timotequitilia you [h] work, you [h] labor

timoteuczoma you are moteuczoma

timotlacatili you were born (h); you were

born [h]

timotlacotilia you [h] work, you [h] labor

timotlaloz you will run

timotlatiz you will hide yourself

timotolinia you are unfortunate, you are

poor; you suffer

timozahuaz you will fast

timozcalia you are discreet

timoztohuiz you will hurl yourself into a

cave, you will throw yourself

into a cave

tinantiz you will become a mother

tinantli you are mother

tinechmaca you give it to me

tinechmochihuilia you [h] make me, you [h]

cause me

tinemi we live; you live

tinemilizameyalli you are the fount of life

tinemiz you will go, you will travel; you

will live; you will dwell

tinemizque we will live

tinenca we had lived

tinentlacatl you are a useless person

tinnan you are their mother

tinocelouh you are my ocelot warrior

tinocuauh you are my eagle warrior

tinoxocoyouh you are my youngest son

tipaqui you rejoice, you are happy

tipeuhque we started, we began

tipialoni you are worthy of being


tipilhuan we are his sons

tipiltontli you are a child; you are a girl;

you are a little child; you are a

small child

tipiltzintli you are a baby; you are a


tipipialo you are guarded

tipopolihuizque we will perish

tiqui we drink it

tiquicchicha we spit it

tiquilcahuaz you will forget it

tiquilnamiquiz you will remember it; you will

Page 115: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 115 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 115 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

think of it

tiquincahua we leave them

tiquinmati you consider them, you regard


tiquinmochieli you [h] waited for them

tiquinmochielia you [h] wait for them

tiquinmopolhuiz you [h] destroy them

tiquinmopopolhuia you [h] destroy them

tiquinnamiquizque we will meet with them

tiquinpopolozque we will destroy them

tiquitlacoa you damage it, you harm it

tiquitoa we call it; we say it; we talk

tiquitoa you say it

tiquitoani we customarily speak; we say

it; we say it as we are

accustomed; we speak

tiquitoaya we spoke of it

tiquitoz you will say it

tiquitozque we will say it

tiquitta we see it; you see it

tiquittaca let's find her

tiquittaque we saw it

tiquittaz you will see it; you will watch

it; you will look to it; you will

discover it

tiquittaznequi we want to see him

tiquittazque we will see him

tiquixnotza you make eyes at her

tiquiz you will drink it; you are to

drink it

titatli you are father

titechcualtia you feed us, you give it to us

to eat

titechitia you give it to us to drink

titemati you consider people, you

regard people

titemiqui we dream

titenamichuan we are their equals

titeotl you are god

titeoxihuitl you are a fine turquoise

titepehua you are the owner of a hill

titequiti you work, you labor

titequitiz you will labor

titequitlacua:z you will eat excessively

titetzahua we mature

titic inside us

titic our abdomen, within us; our


titic within us; inside us

titici elderly matchmakers;


titici physicians; women physicians

titicuica it snaps; they thunder

titilahuac thick

titilahuacayotl various thicknesses

titilini it extends

titipa on our abdomen

titlaca we are people; we are men;

we people; us people; we

titlacat you were born

titlacatl you are the master

titlacatlacua:z you will fast

titlachia we see; you see; you look;

you observe

titlachiacan let's look

titlachiaz you will look, you will gaze

titlachiazque we will look; we will behold

titlacoti you work, you labor

titlacotiz you will work like a slave

titlacua you eat

titlacua:z you will eat

titlamaton you are an old woman

titlano he is sent

titlanti messengers

titlaocoyani we are wont to sorrow, we are

accustomed to sorrowing

titlatiz you will be something, you will

become something

titlatlachiaz you will look constantly; you

will stare

titlatlacozque we will commit sin, we will sin

titlatlahuana you drink continuously

titlatoa we speak; you speak; you talk

titlatoani you are ruler

titlatoz you will speak

titlazotli you are precious

titocahuazque we will remain

titocelouh you are our ocelot

titocuatzotzonque we gave ourselves a blow in

the head

titoloz it will be said of thee; it will be

said of you

titomati we consider ourselves, we

regard ourselves

titopalehuia we help ourselves

titotecuinia we stumble

titotolinia we are poor; we suffer

tittoz you will be seen, it will be

discovered of you

titzatzililo you are cried out to

tixocoyotl you are the youngest child

tixpnianome we are christians

tixtelolo our eyeball; our eyes

tiyani you are a wanderer

Page 116: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 116 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 116 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tiyauh you go

tiyazque we will go

tiyectli you are good

tiyez you will be

tiyo:liz you will live

tizacatlazaz you will pierce your tongue

with straws

tizachimalli chalky shield

tizacuaz she will eat chalk, she is to eat


tizaoctli chalky pulque; white pulque

tizapaloa he moistens chalk

tizapaloliztli moistening of chalk

tizatl chalk

tiztlacatini you are a liar

tla if

tlaaltilli bathed person; ceremonially

bathed person

tlaaltilti bathed ones; ceremonially

bathed ones; the bathed ones

tlaamana he troubles people

tlaana it takes hold

tlaantli taken

tlaaquixtia they press water out

tlaatilia he melts something

tlaatzetzelhuazhuia she filters, she strains

tlaca during the day, daytime

tlaca men; people

tlaca people; folk; humans; men

tlacacahuia they hum

tlacacemelle peace

tlacachihua it breeds, it has its young; its

bears its young

tlacachihuaz she will bear children; she will

give birth

tlacachihuazque they will give birth

tlacacihuitilo it is tamed

tlacacihuitilo they are tamed

tlacacihuitiloni tamable; capable of


tlacaciuhqui tame

tlacaco peacefully, tranquilly; there is

hearing; things are heard;

people hear

tlacacochi he sleeps easily, he sleeps


tlacahua master

tlacahuaca there was an outcry

tlacahuacac there was an outcry

tlacahuacaya there was shouting

tlacahualiztlamati he thinks of departing

tlacahuapahua he rears people, he teaches


tlacahuapahua she teaches people

tlacahuapahualoni teaching

tlacahuatza she gives war cries

tlacahuilotl ground dove

tlacaicxe having human feet

tlacaitolo he has good repute

tlacamacho he is obeyed

tlacamachoni he deserves obedience

tlacamaye having human hands

tlacamecayonelhuayotl source of lineage

tlacamecayopeuhcayotl beginning of lineage

tlacamecayotica through lineage, through


tlacamecayotl lineage

tlacamelahuac candid; candid person; honest

person; just person

tlacamiccacihuatl perverted woman

tlacamiccati he becomes perverted

tlacamichi large fish

tlacamichin large fish

tlacamicqui perverse; pervert; perverted

tlacamictiaya they killed people; they

sacrificed a person; they

sacrificed people

tlacamiloa it makes things brown

tlacamimil lump of flesh

tlacanacatl human flesh; flesh of men

tlacanahualli thin [plate]

tlacanemiliztli civilized way of life; human

way of life

tlacanemilizyotl civilized way of life

tlacapehualtia she founds her lineage, she

begins her lineage

tlacaqui he hears; he understands; it

hears; it hears things

tlacaqui she is intelligent, she


tlacaquini one who listens

tlacat he was born

tlacat it was born

tlacat she was born

tlacatecolotl devil; demon; possessed one

tlacatecolotlatolli enchantment; words of


tlacatecolotlatoltica through the command of the

devil, by means of the devil's


tlacatecoloyotl work of the devil, devil's doing

tlacati he is born

tlacati it breeds; it germinates; it

hatches; it is born; it is

Page 117: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 117 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 117 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

formed; it takes form

tlacati she is born

tlacati they are born; they breed;

they hatch

tlacatia he was born; he took form; he

was given human form; it took

human form; she was born;

they were born

tlacatihuani one who is in charge of


tlacatini producer

tlacatiz he will be born; it will be born

tlacatizque they will hatch

tlacatl lady; lord; master; person;

man; ruler; noble; noble

person; being; people

tlacatlacua it eats like a human being

tlacatlacua:ya they fasted

tlacatlacualli fast food; fasting food

tlacatlatoa it speaks like a man; it talks

like a person

tlacatlatoani talker

tlacatlatolli gossip; testimony

tlacatlatoz he will speak as a man; he will

talk as a man

tlacatle o lord; o master; o my lord; o


tlacatque they were born

tlacatzahua it blackens things

tlacatzahuani it blackens things

tlacatzintia she founds her lineage, she

begins her lineage

tlacaxayaque having a human face; man-

faced; having a face like a


tlacaxinachtli seed of man, semen

tlacaxolotl tapir

tlacayectli righteous; virtue

tlacayotl humanity

tlacazcaltia he rears people

tlacazcaltiloni training

tlacazollatolli intemperate word, speech

tlaceceyaya cool place

tlacehuia it cools things

tlacehuiloni something which cools

tlaceliani solicitous

tlacencahualo people arrange things; there is

preparation; there is arranging

tlachachamahua he praises

tlachamahua he brags; he praises his

wares; he fills something out;

he fattens something

tlachcuiticpac on top of a clod

tlachcuitl clump of grass

tlachi:hualo people make s.t.

tlachia he looks; he appears; he

gazes; he sees; he takes


tlachia it looks; it appears; it faces; it


tlachia she looks; they look; they

appear; they gaze; they see

tlachiahua it gets something greasy; it

stains something; it stains

things with grease

tlachiahualli treated with oil

tlachialo there is watching

tlachiaquiuh he comes to look

tlachiaz he will look, he will behold; it

will look; it will gaze

tlachiaznequi he wishes to look

tlachiazque they will look, they will gaze

tlachiccan tavern

tlachichictli abraded, scraped

tlachichihua they adorn something; they

adorn things; they fashion

something; they prepara

something; they manufacture

things; they work; they adorn;

they prepare something

tlachichihualiztli act of arranging, act of


tlachichihualli something which is prepared

tlachichihualo ornamenting is done, people

do ornamenting

tlachichina it sips, it sucks

tlachichiuhque ornamenters

tlachicque wine makers

tlachihualli made; something made;


tlachihualoctli honeyed pulque; honeyed


tlachihualtepetl artificial mountain

tlachihualti creations; creatures

tlachinolli fire, conflagration

tlachiqui they scrape something [ie,


tlachiuhtli something made, artifact,

creation; something treated;

something worked

tlachixque they looked; they gazed

tlachixqui onlooker, viewer

tlachiyalo people look

tlachpana he sweeps; it cleanses

Page 118: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 118 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 118 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlachpanaliztli sweeping

tlachpanazque they will sweep

tlachpanoya there was sweeping, people


tlachpanque they swept

tlachtli ball court

tlachueyac long-bodied

tlachuiac having a long body; long-


tlaciahui it endures fatigue

tlacihuiti solicitor, one who solicits

tlacihuitia he solicits things

tlacihuitiani solicitor, one who solicits

tlaciuhqui sorcerer

tlacmimiltic having a cylindrical trunk

tlacnocahualli someone who is forsaken

tlaco third daughter

tlacochtica with darts, by means of darts

tlacochtli arrow, spear; dart

tlacocoyonia it makes holes

tlacocuauhtli marsh hawk

tlacohuacualli snake-bitten person

tlacohuanotzalti invited guests

tlacoocelotl ocelot

tlacoquixtiloya there was the passing of

sticks [through the tongue]

tlacotalihui there is snoring

tlacoti he serves; she performs her

service; they become slaves

tlacotic stalky; stalk-like

tlacotica with a stick, by means of a


tlacotiz she will perform her office;

she will work; she will labor

tlacotl stick; log; twig; shrub; stalk

tlacotla on shrubs, on bushes

tlacotli slave

tlacotona they decapitate quail

tlacotonaya he did cut something; he

beheaded quail

tlacotontli small and stalky; small stick;

small twig; small stalk

tlacoyohuan midnight

tlacoyonia it bores things

tlacoyoniani borer

tlacoyotl slavery

tlacpac above; on a high place; up


tlacpahuitequini one who has stepchildren

tlactli body, torso

tlactomahuac having a thick body; thick-

trunked; having a thick trunk

tlactzocuitlatl perspiration of the body

tlacua he eats

tlacua it eats; it feeds

tlacua opossum; they eat

tlacua:ni eater

tlacua:ya he ate; they ate

tlacua:z he will eat; he is to eat

tlacua:znequi it wants to eat

tlacua:zque they will eat

tlacuacpatic very firm; very hard; very


tlacuactic firm; hard

tlacuacua it eats; it feeds; it gets its food;

it gnaws things

tlacuacualaca there is thundering; they


tlacuacuani eater; chewer

tlacuacuaya they ate

tlacuacuaz it will eat

tlacuacuitlapilli opossum tail

tlacuahua it hardens

tlacuahuac hard; firm; solid; tough

tlacualania he angers people; he caused

anger; he got people angry;

he quarrels; he causes anger

tlacualchihualo there is preparing of food

tlacualchihuaz she will prepare food

tlacualchiquihuitl food basket

tlacualitoa he speaks well of something

tlacualizpan time to eat

tlacualli food; meal

tlacualnamacac food seller

tlacualnextia it makes things beautiful; it

reveals beauty

tlacualnextiloni means for beautifying; means

for beautifying things;

something used in making

things beautiful; that which

beautifies; that which serves

as embellishment

tlacualo one eats; there is eating;

people eat

tlacualoc there was eating, people ate

tlacualoya place for eating; there was


tlacualoyan place of eating

tlacualoz there will be eating

tlacualtica with food, by means of food

tlacualtiloya they were fed

tlacualtzintli a little food; food

tlacuatl opossum

tlacuauh especially

Page 119: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 119 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 119 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlacuauhtzonquiza they grow like dense hair

tlacuauhyohua it is very dark

tlacuecuepoca it blossoms constantly,

blooms constantly

tlacuecuepocatoc it spreads constantly

blossoming, blooming

tlacuecuepontoc it spreads blossoming

tlacueponi it blossoms

tlacuicuiliztli act of gathering up [eg,

rubbish], act of cleaning

tlacuillo scribe

tlacuilo painter

tlacuilo scribe

tlacuiloa they paint

tlacuilolli decorated, painted; design;

representation; designed;

painted design; painting;


tlacuilollo having a painted design

tlacuilolmachiotl painted pattern

tlacuiloltilmatli painted cape, cape with


tlacuilolxicalli painted gourd vessel

tlacuiloque painters

tlacxotla it springs

tlaelihuintic filthily drunk

tlaelimicpa in worked soil

tlaelittaloz he will be abominated, he will

regarded with hate; it will be


tlaelitto he is detested; he is hated; it

is abhorred

tlaelittoz he will be hated

tlaelli filth

tlaeltezcatl ugly mirror

tlaetilia it makes things heavy

tlaezhuilli bloodied

tlaezicuilolli painting done with blood

tlaezzotilli bloodied

tlahca by day, in the daytime

tlahiloquichtli rabid warrior

tlahitlacoa he damages things

tlahmachchiuhque weavers of designs

tlahpaltic firm; strong

tlahtic inside

tlahtlacaqui he hears, he listens

tlahtlacatl benign

tlahtlahuana they drink pulque

tlahtlahuano there is drinking of pulque

tlahtlatolli sayings

tlahtlazollo filth, rubbish

tlahtoa it sings; it talks

tlahuahuanqui striper, one who puts stripes

on things

tlahuana they get drunk, they become


tlahuanaliztli drunkenness

tlahuanani drinker; drunkard; he is

accustomed to getting drunk

tlahuanaya he drank pulque, he got

drunk; they became drunk;

they became intoxicated; they

drank pulque; they got drunk

tlahuanayotl drunkenness

tlahuanaz he will become drunk

tlahuancanotzalo he is invited to drink

tlahuancaxitl drinking bowl; drinking vessel

tlahuanini drunkard, drinker

tlahuano there is drinking of pulque,

there is drinking of wine

tlahuanoni drinking cup

tlahuanoya drinking place

tlahuanque drunk; drunkards

tlahuanqui drinker; drunk; drunkard;

drunk man

tlahuanquinemi he goes about drunk

tlahuantoque they sat drinking pulque

tlahuapahua he raises animals; it becomes


tlahuapahualli well trained

tlahuatzalli dried

tlahuecauh it tarries, it delays

tlahueilia it enlarges

tlahueliloc bad; evil; perverse; wicked;

wicked person

tlahuelilocapil bad

tlahueliloque evil men

tlahuelli anger, fury

tlahuetzquitia he makes people laugh

tlahueyaquia it lengthens, it grows

tlahuilli light; brightness; lightness

tlahuitequi he strikes

tlahuitequiliztli lightning flash

tlahuitolli bow; bow (for arrows)

tlahuitoltic bowed

tlahuitoltontli little bow

tlahuiznextia they display their devices,

they display their insignia

tlahuiztli insignia, emblem

tlahzolli filth

tlai:hua people drink

tlaihiyohuia he endures; he suffers; he

undergoes trials; it suffers;

they suffer; they suffer

Page 120: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 120 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 120 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com


tlaihiyohuiliztli suffering, fatigue

tlaihiyohuitoc it lies suffering

tlaihua there is drinking, people drink

tlaihualoni drinking vessel

tlailli drinking; filth

tlaimacaxiliztli reverence

tlaitlacoa he damages things; she spoils

things; she damages things

tlaiximati one who has knowledge

tlaiximatini one who has experience; one

who has great experience;

one who is experienced; one

who is learned

tlaiximatinime those who have experience

tlaixmiqui it is dark

tlaixtlaza he flattens

tlalacuezali red-crowned parrot

tlalalacatl goose; wild goose

tlalapazco earth basin

tlalcahuilo he is avoided

tlalchi on the ground, groundward

tlalchihuic downwards, towards the

ground; toward the ground

tlalchihuic itto he is respected

tlalchihuic quitta they revere him

tlalchiuhque workers of the soil

tlalchiuhqui farmer

tlalcuaya he ate earth

tlalcuaz she will eat earth, she is to eat


tlalhuacpan dry land

tlalhuatic nerve-like

tlalhuatl nerve

tlalhuayo full of nerves

tlalichtic fibrous; tough

tlalictli rough

tlalilo he is placed; it was placed

tlaliloc it was placed, it was put

tlaliloya it was placed

tlaliloz it will be placed

tlallan in the earth; underground

tlalli dirt, earth; dust; field; ground;

land; soil; plain; world

tlallixco on the surface of the ground

tlallolini the earth quivers; there is an


tlalloliniliztli earthquake

tlalmiqui they die on earth

tlalmiquiz he will die in bondage

tlalnamiquini rememberer, one who


tlalocuili earthworm

tlalpan on the earth; on the ground

tlalpilmaxtlatl netted breechcloth

tlalpiltilmatli netted cape

tlalquimichi field mouse

tlalquimichin field mouse

tlaltechalotl ground squirrel

tlalteuctli lord of the earth

tlaltic like soil, like earth

tlalticpac on earth; in the world; of the

earth; the world; on the


tlalticpacayotl worldly goods, worldly things

tlalticpactlaca people on earth, people of the


tlalticpactli earth; on earth

tlaltitech to the ground

tlalxocotl alum

tlama he takes captives

tlama it hunts

tlama:ma:lo carry s.t. on the back

tlamacazcamazatl antelope

tlamacazque priests

tlamacazqui priest

tlamachcactli sandal with designs on it

tlamachcueitl embroidered skirt

tlamachtilli well instructed

tlamahuizoa he admires things; she

admires something

tlamahuizolli marvel

tlamahuizoloz people will marvel

tlamahuizoltic marvelous; wonderful

tlamahuizoz he will be admired, he will be

honored; respected

tlamahuiztilia he shows reverence

tlamahuiztililiztli honor

tlamahuizyocan place of awe

tlamahuizyotia he does honor

tlamaliztli taking of captives; act of

capturing someone

tlamalo captives are taken, there is

taking of captives

tlamamalli burden; burden borne on

one's back

tlamamani one who bears a burden

tlamamaz he will bear something on his


tlamanaliztli offering

tlamanalo people make offerings; there

are offerings; there is offering

tlamanaloya there was offering, people

made offerings

Page 121: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 121 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 121 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlamanaya they laid an offering down;

they laid things; they laid

offerings; they made offerings

tlamanaz he will make an offering

tlamanazque they will lay offerings

tlamaneloa it swims

tlamaneloani swimmer

tlamani captor; hunter; it is the custom

tlamani taker of captives

tlamani trapper

tlamania it was customary; it was the


tlamanililoya there was the setting out of

offerings to him

tlamanime captors; takers of captives;

those who take captives

tlamanitiliztli custom

tlamantin kinds

tlamantli kind; manner; way; thing; act;


tlamapilhuiani pointer

tlamapilhuiloni index finger

tlamatiliztli wisdom

tlamatini knower, one who knows

tlamatini wise man; wise person

tlamatinime wise men

tlamattimani it is calm [ie, weather]

tlamauhtiaya she frightened people

tlamaya they took captives

tlamaz he will take a captive; he will

take captives

tlamaznequi it wishes to hunt

tlamazque they will take captives

tlamecahuia he fastens with cord

tlamelahuaya they went straight

tlamelauhqui a straight thing

tlami it ends; it concludes; it

finishes; it gets used up; it is

used up; it is completed

tlami they end up

tlamia they finished

tlamiahualtica with the tlamiahualli herb

tlamicti slayer, killer

tlamictia it kills; they kill; they slay

tlamictiliztli slaying, sacrificial slaying

tlamina he shoots

tlaminque hunters

tlaminqui hunger; hunter; huntsman

tlamiz it will be complete; it will end

tlamizque they will end; they will perish;

they will be finished

tlan it ended up, it was consumed

tlanahuati he commanded

tlanamaca he sells

tlanamaquililo wares are sold

tlanamoya they loot, they steal

tlananquilia he answers; she answers

tlancochquiza molars emerge

tlancochtexolotl having molars like pestles

tlancoyolomitic having pointed front teeth

tlancualo he has a toothache, he has

tooth decay

tlancuanacatl flesh of the knee

tlancuicuitlatl filth left in the teeth

tlancuihcuitztic toothy

tlancuitlatiliztli scum on the teeth

tlancuitlatl filth left in the teeth; scum on

the teeth

tlancuitzoa it bares its teeth

tlane it has teeth

tlaneci day breaks, it gets light; it

grows light (ie; daybreak)

tlanehuihuiliztlatolli simile

tlanelhuatl root

tlanelhuatontli little root

tlanelolli mixture, something mixed

tlanemachtilli prudent

tlanemitia he keeps animals

tlanemmatini negligent

tlanenpoloa he wastes things

tlanepantla in the middle

tlanequiliztli desire

tlanexaquia he introduces ashes into


tlanextia he casts forth light; it shines

tlanextile founder

tlanextli light; brilliance

tlanez it shined

tlani deep

tlanitztepiton small shank

tlanixcuatl front tooth

tlanononcuanamaca he sells [something]


tlanonotzalli well reared

tlanquetzoma it bites

tlanqui ended

tlanquiquici it hisses; it whistles

tlanquiquici they hiss

tlanquiquicini hisser, that which hisses

tlanquiza teeth emerge

tlantexquimilihuiztli tartar on the teeth

tlantica it is extending

tlantli tooth

tlao:coyalo there is sorrow

Page 122: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 122 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 122 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlaocolcalli house of tears

tlaocolli sorrow

tlaocoxque they were saddened

tlaocoxtinemi he goes in sadness, he goes

sorrowing; it lives in mourning;

in sorrow

tlaocoya he is sad, he grieves; he

sorrows; he is moved

tlaocoyalo there is sadness

tlaocoyani one who sorrows; sorrower;

sad one

tlaocoyaz he will show compassion

tlaohuican dangerous place; difficult


tlaolchipinilli spattered with liquid rubber

tlaolcua it eats grains of dried maize, it

eats grains of dried corn

tlaolhuilli spattered with liquid rubber

tlaolli dried grain of maize or corn;

dried maize grain; dried corn

kernel; grain of maize; kernel

of maiz; kernel of maize;

maize; maize kernel; corn

tlaoltextli cornmeal; ground maize;


tlaomepializtli polygyny

tlapa it dyes things

tlapachoa he cares for his assets; he

governs; it grips; it sits [on

eggs]; they brood; they set [ie;

on eggs]; they govern

tlapachohua they govern

tlapactli washed

tlapalani it becomes inflamed; there is


tlapalatl dye water

tlapalcamilihui it becomes brown

tlapalcamiltic brown

tlapalcaxitl paint dish

tlapalcintli reddish dried ear of maize

tlapalcuicuiltic varicolored

tlapalehuia it helps

tlapalhuatzalli dried pigment

tlapalhuauhtli red amaranth

tlapalihhuitica with colored feathers, by

means of colored feathers;

with red feathers; by means of

red feathers

tlapalihhuitl colored feather; red feather

tlapalihui he dares; he is mature; he is

robust; they are mature; they

are robust

tlapalihuiztli effort; strength

tlapalli color; coloring; dye; pigment;

red; red color

tlapaloa it moistens; it sucks things

tlapaloaya he tasted it

tlapalolo he is greeted

tlapalpoyahuac rose-colored

tlapaltecciztli colored seashell

tlapaltehuilotl amethyst

tlapalteoxihuitl ruby

tlapaltic colored; powerful; red; ruby-


tlapaltica with red; by means of red

tlapaltototl vermilion flycatcher; vermillion


tlapanco roof terrace

tlapani it breaks; they hatch

tlapanizque they will break

tlapanoni breakable

tlapapactli washed

tlapapatlatztoc it lies beating [ie, its wings]

tlapatia he liquifies something; it

restores; it cures

tlapatl jimsonweed

tlapatlahua it widens

tlapazoloa he makes confusion, he mixes

things up

tlapcopa towards the east

tlapechhuapalli foundaton beam

tlapehualtia he starts, he begins

tlapehualtileque they founded things, they

began things

tlapepenaliztli election

tlapepentli chosen one

tlapetlahua he polishes

tlapetlahualli burnished, polished

tlapetlahualoni polish

tlapetlahuani one who polishes; something

which polishes

tlapetlanaliztli lightning flash

tlapetlaniliztli lightning flash

tlapetlanillotl lightning; lightning flash

tlapia he guards; he takes care of


tlapia they keep guard, they keep

watch; they guard; they stand


tlapializtli caretaking, acting of guarding

something; watch; guard

tlapialoya they were watched; watch

was kept; there was guarding

tlapialoz there will be guarding, people

Page 123: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 123 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 123 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

will guard; watch will be kept

tlapiani one who guards, one who

keeps watch

tlapiaya he kept guard, he kept watch;

he oversaw; she oversaw; she

kept watch; they kept guard;

they kept watch; they watched

tlapiazque they will guard, they will keep

watch; they will keep guard;

they will oversee

tlapipitzca there is neighing

tlapitza they blow (eg, trumpets)

tlapitzahuac long and narrow

tlapitzalo flutes are blown; musical

instruments are blown; shell

trumpets are blown; there is

blowing of shell trumpets;

trumpets are blown; there is


tlapitzaloya trumpets were blown

tlapochehualli smoked

tlapohui it opens

tlapolo:lo destroy

tlapouhque soothsayers

tlapouhqui soothsayer

tlapoxahuatzahua she spins loosely

tlapoyahua darkness falls; it gets dark;

night falls; it is dark

tlappoyahuac dark colored

tlaque corpulent

tlaque:mi:hua people get dressed

tlaquehquelmatini shirker

TLAQUEMITL The cape, mantle or tunic

worn by Mesoamerican men

tlaquentica with clothing, by means of


tlaquetzalli column

tlaquixtiani that which extracts

tlatataca it scratches; they dig

tlatconi tlamamaloni people who are governed

tlateci it grinds

tlatecolotl devil

tlatecpana he establishes order

tlatecpanoloz there is going into the palace,

people enter the palace

tlatecqui lapidary

tlatemohuiani aid to digestion

tlatemolo there is searching, people


tlatencuepa he turns hems

tlatenmimiloa he rolls hems

tlatentia he provides a rim, he forms a

rim; she forms borders

tlatentli band of cloth

tlateomatini devout person; one who is


tlateotocani idolater

tlateotocanime idolaters

tlateotocanipol despicable idolater

tlateotocatinemi he lives in idolatry

tlateotoquiliztli idolatry

tlatepehuani that which expels

tlatepitonauhia it becomes small

tlatepitonihui it decreases in size

tlatepoloa they destroy something

tlatepozhuiani ax-wielder

tlatequini cutter

tlatequipanoa he works

tlatetequi it cuts things; it cuts things up

tlatetequi they cut something up

tlatetequini cutter

tlatetexoa it gnaws

tlatetoa he jabbers

tlatetzotzona he beats; he beats with a


tlatexcaltema he loads the oven, he places

the limestone in the oven

tlatexhuia they apply maize dough

tlathui dawn breaks; it dawns; day


tlathui she wakes at dawn, she


tlathuia it dawned, day broke

tlathuinahuac at daybreak; near dawn

tlathuitihuitz it is about to dawn, day is

about to break

tlathuiz dawn will break; it will dawn;

day will break

tlathuiznequi it is about to dawn, day is

about to break

tlatilo he is burned; it is hidden

tlatitic inside, within

tlatla he burns

tlatla it burns; fire breaks out; it is

heated; it toasts

tlatla they burn

tlatla:hua:no there is drinking

tlatlaaltilti bathed ones; bathed slaves;

ceremonially bathed slaves

tlatlaaltiltin bathed ones

tlatlac fire broke out, it burned

tlatlac it burned

tlatlacahuaca there is shouting

tlatlacamati he is obedient; he obeys

Page 124: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 124 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 124 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlatlacamatini obedient person

tlatlacanequi she is impetuous

tlatlacatecolo devils; demons

tlatlacatl benign; gentle

tlatlachia he looks; it looks repeatedly; it

looks about

tlatlachiani examiner, one who watches

tlatlaci he coughs; he has a cold; it

has a cough

tlatlaci they cough

tlatlacizpatli cough medicine

tlatlaciztli cough; act of coughing; cold;


tlatlaco half-way

tlatlacoa he commits a sin; he does

harm; he does wrong; he errs;

he sins; he harms something;

he ruins things

tlatlacoa she harms things; they

commit a sin; they do evil;

they do harm; they do wrong;

they err; they make a mistake

tlatlacoani evildoer; sinner

tlatlacoitta he uses it moderately

tlatlacolchihua he does evil

tlatlacolli sin, fault; evil; wrong;

something wrong; vice

tlatlacoti slaves

tlatlacotic stalky; stick-like

tlatlacotzitzintin beloved slaves

tlatlacoz he will sin

tlatlacpahtic very ruddy, very red

tlatlactic reddish; ruddy; red; vermilion

tlatlactli ruddy, red

tlatlacualo everyone eats, people eat;

there is eating; there is


tlatlacualoya food was provided

tlatlacuiloa they paint, they write

tlatlacuilolli painted; painted design

tlatlahuana they drink pulque, they get

drunk; they drink wine

tlatlahuancatlatoa he speaks drunkenly

tlatlahuano there is drinking of pulque,

there is drinking of wine; there

is the drinking of pulque;

people get drunk

tlatlahueliloc perverse, wicked

tlatlahuia it becomes ruddy, it becomes


tlatlahuic ruddy, red

tlatlahuillo ruddy, red

tlatlahuiloni means for reddening

tlatlalia he distributes things

tlatlalteco it is placed on the ground

tlatlaltequi they gulp

tlatlama he hunts

tlatlama they snare game, they hunt

tlatlamanazque they will lay offerings

tlatlamani it is a hunter

tlatlamaya they hunted

tlatlancotona it tears with its teetl

tlatlane having teeth

tlatlanextia it illuminates

tlatlanonotza they narrate, they relate [eg,


tlatlanonotzaya they narrated

tlatlapaca it shatters

tlatlapalli many-colored

tlatlapalolo there is visiting

tlatlapana it hatches; it hatches [eggs]

tlatlapanani hatcher

tlatlapantli piece

tlatlaquetzani teller of tales

tlatlatia it hides things

tlatlatihuitz it comes burning

tlatlatinemi it keeps burning

tlatlatiuh it goes burning

tlatlatlauhtiaya they prayed

tlatlatlauhtiliztlatolli word of prayer

tlatlatlauhtiliztli prayer

tlatlatoa he chatters; it chatters; it

warbles; it sings

tlatlatoani constant warbler; great talker;

talkative person

tlatlatoc it lies burning

tlatlatolli account; report

tlatlatoznequi he wants to talk, to speak

tlatlatta they look on

tlatlatzini it thunders

tlatlatziniliztli thunder; thunder clap

tlatlatziniloni clapper, clapping instrument

tlatlatzintinemiz it will crackle

tlatlauhcacintli reddish dried ear of maize

tlatlauhque ruddy, red [pl]

tlatlauhqui red; reddish; ruddy

tlatlauhtiloya he was prayed to

tlatlauhtiloz he will be prayed to

tlatlauhtli entreaty

tlatlayahualoa they keep circling about

tlatlayohua it becomes dark

tlatlayohuatoc darkness lies about

tlatlayohuayan dark place

Page 125: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 125 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 125 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlatlaz it will burn

tlatlaza it lays eggs

tlatlazani egg-layer

tlatlazque they laid something [ie, eggs]

tlatlaztinemi he coughs constantly

tlatlaztinemiz he will go about coughing

tlatlecuauhyotia he places the firewood

tlatlemina he sets the fire

tlatlequiquizhuitihuitze they come firing guns

tlato (may) it sing

tlatoa he directs, he governs; he

speaks; he talks; it hoots; it

sings; it speaks; it sounds; it

talks; it tells

tlatoa she speaks; they govern; they

say; they speak; they sing;

they sing (eg; birds); they talk

tlatoani chief, ruler; speaker

tlatoaya he spoke; it told; they speak;

they spoke

tlatocamaxtlatl princely breechcloth; ruler's

breech clout; ruler's


tlatocamiquiliztli death of a ruler

tlatocat he ruled; he reigned

tlatocatezcatl mirror of the ruler

tlatocati he ruled, he reigned; he rules;

he reigns

tlatocatia he was ruling, he was reigning

tlatocatilmatli ruler's cape

tlatocatlatolli ruler's word; rulers' words

tlatocatque they ruled, they reigned, they


tlatocayoti he named; they named

tlatocayotl government, reign; rule

tlatoctli planted

tlatolahuiyac pleasing of speech

tlatolchialo word is awaited

tlatolchichihualli false word

tlatole counselor

tlatolhuaztli gullet

tlatolhuelic having pleasant speech; mild;

mild of speech

tlatoliniaya there was affliction, there was


tlatolli discourse, speech; word;

saying; story; accord; account;

advice; counsel; custom;

decision; declaration;

discussion; expression;

information; instruction;

language; news; proverb;

report; song; conversation;

something said; talking;

statement; talk; teaching;


tlatolli itlacual he is hot-tempered; he is of

evil temper; words are his


tlatoloa it swallows things

tlatoloyan place of discussion; place of


tlatoltetl words of stone

tlatoltica by talking, by means of

talking; of words; about words;

with words; by means of


tlatolyamanqui soft-spoken

tlatolyaotl discord

tlatoque lords; rulers; principal

[merchants]; principal men

tlatotica it continues to sing

tlatotonia it becomes warm

tlatotonilia it heats

tlatotoyan warm place

tlatoyahua he pours something

tlatoz he will speak; he will talk; it

will sing; she will speak

tlatqui it carries something

tlatquihua owner; possessor of goods

tlatquilolo wares are consigned

tlatquini one who carries something

tlatquitl array; article; property; goods;

clothing; possession; wealth

tlatquitl tlamamalli governed people

tlatquiz tlamamaz he will govern

tlattic inside, within

tlatzetzelhuazhuia he uses a sifter

tlatzetzelhuazhuiani one who uses a sifter

tlatzetzeloa he sifts

tlatzetzeloa she filters, she strains; they

shake things

tlatzetzeloani one who shakes out clothing;

one who shakes something

out; one who sifts

tlatzihui it becomes bare

tlatzihuia he was lazy

tlatzihuiliztica by laziness, by means of


tlatzini it breaks (eg, sore); it bursts

tlatziniloni clapper, clapping instrument

tlatzintia he starts, he begins

tlatzintile beginner

tlatzintileque they founded things, they

Page 126: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 126 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 126 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

began things

tlatzintla down below

tlatzintlan at the base; below; at the

bottom; at the foot; down

below; on the bottom; to the


tlatzitzquia it holds, it grabs

tlatziuhqui lazy

tlatzonqui tailor, one who sews

tlatzotzona he beats (eg, clay); two-toned

drum); he pounds; he

hammers; she beats; she

weaves tightly; they play the


tlatzotzoncuitl foamy, foamed up

tlatzotzonqui drum beater, one who beats a


tlatzoyonilli fried

tlatzoyotiani it soils things

tlauhquechol red spoonbill; roseate


tlaxacualolli something which is kneaded

tlaxapochtli hole; trap

tlaxcalli tortilla

tlaxcalo tortilla-maker

tlaxcaloani tortilla-maker

tlaxiccahuani unreliable

tlaxiccaqui heed it, hear it

tlaxiccui take it

tlaxichtli peg

tlaxinque carpenters; woodcutters

tlaxinqui carpenter

tlaxintli carving, something carved;

something hewn; something

carving; something worked

tlaxipehualli wood shavings

tlaxipetzoa they make things glossy

tlaxipetzolli smoothed

tlaxitiniaya there was dispersing

tlaxixintli carved, something carved;

carving; something hewn

tlaxo it is cast aside, it is thrown


tlayacana he presides, he governs; it

leads; she governs

tlayacatia he becomes a leader; it leads;

they lead; they are of the front


tlayamanilia it softens

tlayayauh they run about, there is

running about

tlayecchihualli well formed

tlayecoltiloni one who takes responsibility

tlayectenehua he praises something

tlayoa it becomes dark; it darkens; it

is dark

tlayoalli darkness

tlayoaticac it is in darkness

tlayoaya it is a place of darkness

tlayohua it becomes dark

tlayohualli darkness

tlayohuayan in the dark; in the darkness

tlayohuaz it will be dark, there will be


tlayolquixtia he torments

tlayoyocanamaca he sells prudently

tlazacani carrier

tlazalo it is cast aside, it is thrown

away; it is laid (ie; egg)

tlazalozque they will be thrown, they will

be cast

tlazazacani carrier

tlazcaltilli well taught

tlazocactli fine sandal

tlazochimalli costly shield; precious shield

tlazocozcatl precious necklace

tlazocueitl precious skirt; costly skirt

tlazohuipilli precious blouse, precious shift

tlazoihhuitica with costly feathers, by means

of costly feathers; with

precious feathers; by means

of precious feathers

tlazoihhuitl costly feather; precious

feather; rare feather

tlazolli filth; sin; vice; evil; refuse;

rubbish; corruption; dirt;


tlazoltitlan in filth; in rubbish

tlazoltontli a little dirt

tlazomacuextli precious arm band

tlazomaxtlatl costly breechcloth; precious

breechcloth; valuable breech

clout; valuable breechcloth

tlazomaxtle costly breech clout

tlazoneci it is rare; it appears rarely; it is


tlazonemi it is rare

tlazopialo it is guarded as precious

tlazopilli princely

tlazopipilti princes

tlazotetl precious stone

tlazotia it was costly

tlazotic precious, priceless

tlazotilmatica with a precious cape, by

Page 127: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 127 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 127 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

means of a precious cape

tlazotilmatli costly cape; costly mantle;

precious cape; valuable cape

tlazotitlaca precious persons

tlazotitlacatl esteemed noble person

tlazotitlacatle o precious person

tlazotlalo he is esteemed

tlazotlaloni amiable; lovable; worthy of

being loved

tlazotlaloz he will be esteemed

tlazotlanqui costly

tlazotli cherished; dear; valued;

choice; esteemed; costly;

precious; precious one;

expensive; preciousness;

proud; rare; value

tlazotzintle o precious one

tlazoxochitl precious flower

tle what

tle ipampa why

tleco at the fire; over the fire

tleco he ascends; he climbs; he

climbs up

tleco in the fire; into the fire; into the

flames; on the fire; it ascends;

it moves up; it rises; it climbs

tleco on the fire; in the fire

tleco they ascend, they ascend;

they climb; they climb up

tlecoa there is climbing

tlecoca they had ascended, they had

climbed up

tlecohuaya there was ascending, people


tlecomic fire pot [ie, charcoat brazier]

tlecopa storeroom

tlecoque they ascended, they climbed


tlecotihuetzi he ascends quickly, he goes

up quickly

tlecoya he ascended, he climbed

tlecoz he will ascend, he will climb

tlecuahuitl fire drill

tlecui they take fire

tlecuilco in the hearth

tlecuilixcuac before the hearth, in front of

the hearth

tlecuilli hearth

tleh what

tlehco they ascend

tlehco:hua climb, ascend

tleica why

tlein what; that which

tlemaco fire ladle, fire shovel

tlemaitl incense ladle

tlemiquiz he will suffer from the heat

tlemiyahuatl flame

tlemoyotl spark

tlemoyototonti little sparks

tlenamaca he offers incense

tlenamacac fire priest

tlenamacoya incense was offered; there

was offering of incense

tlenenepilli tongue of fire

tlepapalotl fire moth

tlepilli faggot

tlequiquizhuiloc he was shot by a gun

tlequiquiztlalli gunpowder

tlequiquiztli gun; lombard gun

tleteco fire is laid

tletic fiery

tletica at the fire, by the fire; with fire;

by means of fire

tletl fever, fire; temperature; flame;

heat; rump gland

tletlexochio live coals, embers

tlexictli hearth

tlexochpan on live coals, on embers

tlexochpatic very much like an ember

tlexochtli coal, ember; spark; live coal

tleyo having fire

tlhocuauhtli marsh hawk

tlilatl ink

tlilazcatl black ant

tlilcaxitl black bowl

tlilcohuatl blacksnake

tlilcuicuiltic mottled with black

tlilectic blackish; dark

tlilehua it becomes black

tlilehuac black; dark colored

tliletl black bean

tlilihui it becomes black

tlilletl black bean

tlilli black color; black stain

tlilli tlapalli writing

tlilnextic blackish, dark gray; dark


tlilpatic very black

tliltic black

tliltica with black, by means of black

tliltique black; black (pl)

tliltzotl black sweat

tlilxochitl vanilla

Page 128: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 128 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 128 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tlocuauhtli marsh hawk

tocaitl name; title

tocamachalacaliuhca grooved part of the lower jaw

tocamachaloacal concave part of our lower jaw

tocamachaloacaliuhia concave part of our lower jaw

tocamateuh our cheek

tocanahuaca our temples

tocanahuacan our temple

tocapeyotl spiderweb, cobweb

tocatl spider

tocatzahualli spiderweb, cobweb

tocayoh renowned

tocelica our cartilage; our freshness

tocelotl you are an ocelot; you are an

ocelot warrior; you are the

ocelot warrior; you ocelot


tocha our home, our house

tochcuicatl rabbit

tochi rabbit

tochiahuaca our grease

tochichi our saliva

tochichicauh our bile

tochin rabbit

tochiquiz our testicle

tochnacatl rabbit meat

tochomitl rabbit hair, rabbit fur

tochtiz he will become a rabbit

tochtli rabbit

tochton little rabbit

toci our grandmother

tocihuateucyo noblewoman

tocihuitica with yellow parrot feathers

tocnihua our friends

tocnocelouh our humble ocelot warrior

tocolhuan our forefathers, our


toconana we take it

toconcaquiz you will hear it

toconcuaz you will eat it

toconetzin our child

toconitozque we will say it

toconittazque we will see it

toconmati you know it

toconmonextiliz you [h] will procure it, you [h]

will discover it

toconnextizque we will discover it

toconqueloz you will ridicule him

tocontlalia we set it forth

tocontlazaz you will cast it off

tocontocaz you will follow her

tocoya they were buried

tocoz there will be sowing, there will

be planting

toctli young plant

tocuayac bad smelling, stinking

tocuilcoyotl brown crane

tocuilcoyotlatoa they speak like brown cranes

tocuitlapa on our back

tocuitlapampa our rectum

tocuitlapan on our back

tocuitlapanacaliuhca grooved part of our back

tocuitlatetepon our backbone

tocuitlaxilotca the small of our back

tocxi our feet; our hands

tocxitlan near our foot

tohmio hairy

tohpoltic lump-like

tohtolontic each one round, ball-like

tohtomahuac thick in each

tohueimapil our thumb

tohueixopil our big toe

tohueliacahuan our leaders

tolanazque they will gather reeds

tolcapoyo having reed stem fibers

toli reed; rush

tolinilo he is abused, he is caused


toliniloz he will caused to suffer

tolitic in the midst of reeds

tolla among reeds

tolla in the reeds

tollah among the reeds

tolloa it becomes reedy

tolmecatica with a cord made of reeds, by

means of a cord made of


tolompatic exceedingly round

tolonpol very round

tolontic bulbous, round; ball-like

tolotica with bowed head

tolotimotlalia he sits with his head drooping

tolpitzahuac thin reed

toltecatl craftsman; one who is skilled

toltzalan among the reeds

toma our hand, our arm; our hands

tomac in our hands

tomacohua he buys tomatoes

tomacpalacaliuhca grooved part of our hand

tomacpaltilahuaca thickness of the palm of our


tomactic thick

tomactontli thick-bodied

tomahua he enlarges; it becomes big; it

Page 129: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 129 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 129 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

becomes thick; it enlarges; it

swells; it fattens; it is

enlarged; it is well-formed; it is

thick; it thickens; she

enlarges; they fatten; they

grow large

tomahuac coarse; fat; thick; full; large

tomapilomio our finger bone

tomapiltzala between our fingers

tomaquequeyol our wrist bone

tomatl tomato

tomaxtli our breechcloths

tometzpa on our thigh

tomimiliuhca our cylindrical [parts], we are

cylindrical; our loins

tomimiyahuayo our lung

tomio downy; fuzzy; hairy; furry

tomio our bones

tomiollo fuzzy

tomiquian time of our death

tomitl fuzz; down

tomiyo our bones

tomolicpi our elbow

tompiatli palm-leaf basket

tona he shines

tona it shines (eg, sun, moon)

tonacacuezcomac maize bin

tonacacuezcomatl maize bin

tonacayo our body; our flesh

tonacayopan on our body

tonacayotica of the body

tonacayotl food; maize; corn; sustenance

tonacaz our ears

tonacaztlan near our ear

tonahuan our mothers

tonalamatl book of days

tonalco winter

tonalhuiteco summer lightning flash

tonalixco towards the east

tonalli day; day sign; fortune; sun

tonalpoalli day count

tonan our mother

tonana our mother

tonani our mother

tonanoz you will be taken, you will be


tonantze oh, our mother

tonantzin our mother

tonatiuh sun; day

tonatiuh cualo eclipse of the sun

tonatiuhtiz he will become the sun

tonaz it (ie, sun) will shine; it will

shine (ie; the sun)

tonca you are

toncate we are

toncochitlehua you see in dreams

tonconcui we grasp it, we take it

tonemanahuil our excrement

tonemiliz our life

tonenca our sustenance; our


tonenepil our tongue

tonenepilpatlahuaca wide part of our tongue

tonepoztequia our breaking place

tonetlapololtilizohhui our road to ruin

tonhuetziz you will fall

tonitoloz you will gain renown

tonneci we appear

tonoc you are here; you lie; you rest

tonpiatli palm-leaf basket

tonquiza we pass over

tontemiqui you dream

tontlamatiz you will know [something]

tontlatoa we speak

topal gaudy

topalti gaudy dressers

topan above us; over us; among us;

at us

topan for us; on us; about us; above

us; over us; upon us

topanehuayo our outer skin

topiazio our tube

topihpiazyo our tubes

topilli staff

topiltzin our prince; our son

topochquio our fat

topolihuiliz our ruin

toptli coffer

toquechtlan on our throat

toqueznacayo flesh of our hip

toquichcocol ailment of us men; our male


toquichio our manliness; our semen

toquichti we men

toquichtin us men; we men

toquichtli you are a man

toquichyo our genitals, our manliness;

our penis; our manhood

toquizpan time of sowing, time of


tota our father

totahuan our fathers

tote our abdomen; our lip

totecocolicahuan our adversaries, our enemies

Page 130: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 130 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 130 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

totecocolicauh our enemy, one who hates us

totecue o our lady; o our lord

totelpoch our youth

toteoh our god

totequiuh our tribute

totetzauh our omen, our evil omen, our


toteucyo our lady; our lord

toteucyocihuatl noblewoman

toteucyoe o our lady; o our lord

toteucyohua our ladies; our lords

toteucyohuan our goddesses; our ladies; our


toteucyohuane o our lords; our lords

toteucyoohuane o our lords

totezcauh our mirror

totilahuaca our thickness

totitilahuaca our various thicknesses

totlac our torso, our body

totlahuematia our place of tasting

totlalhuayo our nerves

totlan our teeth

totlanco in our teeth

totlancuanacayo flesh of our knee

totlanizcua our front tooth

totlapallo our redness

totlatlacol our sin

totlatlacoltica by our sins

totlatlaliaya our stomach

totlatlalil our stomach

totlatlalilteco our stomach

totlatoaya our speaking place

totlatocatzin our ruler

totlatocauh our ruler

totlatol our words

totlatolhuaz our gullet

totlatqui our possessions, our goods

totoca it runs; they run

totochti wine gods; rabbits

totochtin rabbits; wine gods

totoco it (ie, seed) is sown

totoihhuitl bird feather

totoixtli bird's eye

totoizquitl birds with toasted maize

totolayotl turkey broth; hen broth

totolcocone newly-hatched turkeys

totolcocotl throat of a turkey

totolconentoton turkey chicks

totolconetl poult, chick

totolconetontli little poult, little chick

totolhuauhtli bird amaranth; bird amaranth

seed; chicken amaranth

totoli fowl, bird

totoli turkey; turkey hen; fowl;


totolicxitl leg of a turkey

totolihhuitica with turkey feathers; by

means of turkey feathers

totolihhuitl bird feather; turkey feather

totolihuitica with turkey feathers, by

means of turkey feathers

totolin chicken; turkey; turkey hen

totolixtli eye of a turkey

totollaapozonilli stew turkey hen

totollalehuatzalli roasted turkey hen

totolme turkey hens; turkeys; fowls

totolnacatl turkey meat

totolontic each one round

totolpipil chicks

totolpixqui turkey guardian, turkey


totoltehuauhtli bird-egg amaranth seed

totoltenamacac egg seller

totoltepalan rotten egg

totoltetl bird's egg; birds' egg; egg;

turkey egg

totoltetlaxcalli tortilla made of turkey egg;

tortilla made with turkey egg

totolti turkey chicks; turkey hens;


totomactic each one is fat

totomahuac each one is fat; thick

totomatlatl bird net

totome birds

totomio hairy

totomitl bird arrow; feathered arrow

totomolihui it swells

totomonaliztli plague

totomoniliztli blister

totoncapatli fever medicine

totonenepilli bird's tongue

totonililo it is warmed

totoniliztli fever

totonilizzotl fever, feverishness

totonillotl fever; heat

totoniz it will heat up

totonqui heat; fever; hot; inflamed;

inflammation; warm

totopanitl bird banner

totopochhuaqui it shrivels up

totopochtli toasted tortilla

tototentli bird's bill

tototl bird; fledgling; penis

Page 131: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 131 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 131 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

tototouh our member, our organ; our


tototzintli small bird

totzon our hair

totzontecon our head; our heads

totzoyo our perspiration, our sweat

toxic our umbilical cord

toxillan our side (ie, of the body)

toximmolpia our binding of the years

toxiuh our years

toxocpalehuayo our skin of the sole of the foot

toxpalatl yellow water

toxuiuhtzin our grandson

toyac our nose

toyacaacaliuhia grooved places of our nose

toyacacpa to our noses

toyacelica our septum

toyaohuan our foes, our adversaries, our


toyaopan on our foes, on our

adversaries, on our enemies

toyaouh our enemy; our foe; our


toyaz you will go

toyezque we will be

toyolca our sustenance, our


toyollo our heart; our chest; our soul

tozan gopher

tozazaniltzin our little riddle; our little story

tozcachichiltic having a chil-red throat

tozcacococ that which burns or stings the

throat; that which

tozcayacacuitlatl mucus of the throat, phlegm;

throat mucus

tozozcuicatl vigil song

tozti our fingernails

toztlac our saliva

toztli yellow-headed parrot

trigo wheat

tzahtzi it roars, it cries out

tzahualcaxitl spinning bowl

tzahuaz she will spsin

tzanaihhuitl grackle feather

tzanatl slender-billed grackle

tzanatopilli grackle-stave

tzapame dwarves

tzapocuahuitl sapodilla tree

tzapocueye having a sapota-leaf skirt

tzatzatzi it cries out repeatedly

tzatzatzini crier

tzatzayan it broke into pieces

tzatzayani it breaks

tzatzayania it broke

tzatzi he cries out; he shouts; he


tzatzi it calls out; it cries out; it

screeches; it sings

tzatzi she calls out; she cries out;

she shouts; they cry out; they


tzatzia he cried out, he shouted; it

cried out; they shouted; they

cried out

tzatzic he cried out, he shouted

tzatzihua there is crying out, there is


tzatzililo he is cried out to

tzatzililotoc he is cried out to

tzatzililoya he was cried out to, he was

shouted to

tzatziliztli shout, act of crying out

tzatzini crier, one who shouts

tzatzique they shouted

tzatzitica it continues to call out

tzatzitinemi he goes shouting; they go

along crying out; they go

along shouting

tzatzitiuh she goes crying out

tzauctic gummy

tzauctli glue

tzayani it breaks; it tears

tzayanoni splittable

tzetzelihuiz he will sprinkle

tzicame ants; tzicatl ants

tziccuacua they chew chicle

tziccuacualiztli the chewing of chicle

tziccuacuaz she will chew chicle

tzictic gummy

tzicuictic agile

tzilini it resounds

tzimpitzahuac narrow at the base; narrow at

the bottom; slender at the

base; tapering toward the

bottom; thin at the base

tzincuauhyo having a stem

tzincuicuitlatl dirt of the buttocks

tzincuitlatl dirt of the buttocks

tziniztac having a white base; white at

the base

tzinmimiltic having a cylindrical base

tzinnenemi he turns back, he retreats

tzinpitzahuac long and thin at the root;

slender at the base; slender at

Page 132: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 132 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 132 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

the bottom; slender on the

end; slender-tailed; having a

slender tail

tzinpitzatoton having a small slender base

tzinquiza he turns back, he retreats

tzintetenpan rump

tzintic it began; it originated

tzintique they began, they had their


tzintomahua it thickens at the base

tzintomahuac having a thick base; having a

wide base; thick at the base

tzinxoxoctic having a green base

tzitzicace punisher

tzitzicaztli nettle; thistle

tzitziconoa he sobs

tzitzilica she tinkles

tzitzilli rattle, jingles

tzitzimitl demon

tzitziniztaya it becomes white at the base

tzitzitzilica she continuously tinkles

tzitzitzimi demons

tzitzquilo it is seized

tzoalli amaranth seed dough

tzocuitlatl perspiration, sweat

tzohtzoltic having folds

tzohtzoyontica sobbing

tzoltic restricted

tzompantli skull rack

tzompatic perfect; superb

tzoncalli headdress; headpiece; wig

tzoncualactic like mucus

tzonhuaztli rope for snaring; snare

tzonio hairy

tzonixhua hair appears; hair forms; hair

grows; it grows hair

tzoniztac white-haired

tzoniztaque white-haired; white-headed

tzonocuilcualiztli splitting of the hair

tzonquiza hair emerges; hair forms; it

concludes; it ends; it finishes

tzonquizcayotl conclusion, end

tzontecomatl head

tzonteconcocolli headache

tzontic perfect

tzontica with hair, by means of hair

tzontlaolli cornsilk

tzontle o hair

tzontli hair; mockingbird

tzonyohua hair thickens; it becomes

covered with hair; it has hair

tzopelic sweet

tzopelililoni something which can be made

into something sweet

tzopelpatic very sweet

tzopiloani scavenger

tzopilotetl turkey buzzard egg

tzopilotl black vulture

tzotl perspiration, sweat

tzotzoca he is parsimonious, he is

miserly; he is stingy

tzotzocati he is mean, he is miserly; he

is stingy; he becomes stingy

tzotzolihui it becomes flabby

tzotzoltic flabby; having folds; narrow

tzotzomatica with a rag, using a rag

tzotzomatli rag; something tattered;


tzotzomatzin rag, tatters

tzotzomatzintli rag, tatters

tzotzomatzitzinti swaddling cloths

tzotzonaloni something which can be


tzotzopaztli batten; weaving stick; wide


tzotzopelic sweet

tzotzotlaca it continually shines; they


tzotzotlani glistening

tzotzoyoca it crackles; it sizzles

tzoyaya it smells foul, it stinks

tzoyo hairy

tzoyoni it cooks

tzoyoniz it will cook; it will be cooked

tzoyotl perspiration, sweat

vaca cow

XA:LMO:YO:TL sand fly; a type of mosquito

XA:XA:YAC(A)-TZIN dragonfly

xacalli hut

xacaltontli small hut

XAHCALMO:YO:TL jacal-fly; a type of mosquito

xahuia be happy

xalcuani baldpate; sand eater

xallalli sandy soil

xalli sand

xallo grainy; sandy

xaloztoc in a sand cave

xaloztotl sand cave; cave where they

take out sand

xalpitzactic like fine sand

xalpitzahuac fine sand

xaltetl pebble

xaltic like sand; sand-like; sandy

xaltitlan in the sand; on the sand

Page 133: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 133 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 133 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

xamani they are crushed; shattered

xamitl adobe

xaxallo grainy

xaxamaca it crashes; it crunches; it


xaxamaca she clatters; there is havoc;

there is clatter; they are

crushed; shattered; they each


xaxamacani something that crashes

xaxamacaticac it is rapid-flowing

xaxamani it crackles

xayacatl mask

xayocuitlatl dregs

xelihui it divides in half; it divides; it

splits; it falls apart; it opens

(eg; sore); they extend

xeloloni splittable

xexelihui it extends; it spreads; they

each one fall apart; they

extend; they spread; they

spread out; they divide

xicahuilti gladden him

xicalco in the gourd vessel; in the jar

xicalli gourd; gourd vessel

xicaltic gourd-like

xicaltica in a vessel, by means of a

vessel; with a gourd vessel;

by means of a gourd vessel

xicaltzintli small gourd bowl

xicana grasp it, seize it; take it

xiccacalaqui retract it

xiccahua stop it

xiccaqui listen to him, pay him heed;

listen to it; hear it

xiccui take it, seize it

xicmaca give it to him

xicmochihuilia do it (h)

xicmocnelili show favor to her

xicmocuili take [h] it!

xicmonahnamiquili aid (h) him

xicmopalehuili help (h) him

xicmotla throw [stones] at him

xicmotzatzilili cry out to him

xicnacatl flesh of the navel

xicnotza shout at him

xicocuitlachihua he prepares beeswax

xicocuitlatica with beeswax, by means of


xicocuitlatl beeswax

xicolli sleeveless jacket

xicoti he becomes a bee

xicotli honey bee, bumblebee, large


xicoyohui cry out to him

xicpaccaitta look joyously at him, look

happily at him

xictli navel

xicxichuencuaqui eat the umbilical cord offering

xihualhuian come (pl); come here

xihualmohuica come hither, come here

xihuitl comet; foliage; herb; leaf;

grass; plant; turquoise; year

xilotl tender maize

xilotlaxcalli tortilla made of green maize

ximehua arise, get up

ximimati be prudent

ximmilli upland

ximocahua cease!, stop!

ximotequitili do your (h) work

ximotlacotili perform your (h) office, do

your (h) duty

ximotlali settle down, sit down

xinachio having seeds

xinachtli seed; semen

xincayo barked, having bark

xincayo scaly; having scales

xincayocanahuac having thin scales

xincayochamahuac thick scaled, coarse scaled

xincayohua it becomes scaly

xincayotilahuac having thick scales; thick-


xinechitta look at me

xinechmaca you give it to me

xinechmicti kill me

xinechoncohui buy it for me

xipehualo it is peeled, it is barked

xipetzihui it becomes smooth; it glistens;

it looks smooth

xipetziuhqui sleek; smooth

xipetztic slick, smooth

xipetztli smooth

xiquipiltontli small bag

xiquito say it

xiquitta look at it, see it, examine it;

look upon her; see her

xitechitta look at us

xitin it crumbled

xitini it breaks up; it crumbles

xitini they break apart

xitinohua there is breaking up

xitlacaqui hear, listen

xitlachia look, be careful; pay attention;

see; observe

Page 134: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 134 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 134 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

xitlatocan note haplology

xitoltic having a reed-like navel

xitomacihuiztli small tumor

xitoncueponi it blows up

xiuhamatl book of years

xiuhcoatl turquoise serpent

xiuhneci it looks like turquoise, it

resembles turquoise

xiuhpetlahualoni turquoise-burnisher

xiuhtontli little leaf; small herb

xiuhtotoamacale having a paper headdress

with the feathers of the lovely


xiuhtotocalli house of lovely cotinga


xiuhtotocuitlapilli lovely cotinga tailfeather

xiuhtotome lovely cotingas, blue cotingas

xiuhtotoquemitl lovely cotinga cape

xiuhtototic lovely cotinga

xiuhtototl lovely cotinga; blue cotinga

xiuhyo foliage; leafy

XIUHZA:YO:LIN green fly

xixincayo very scaly

xixipetztic smooth; smooth on all parts;


xixipetztli smooth on all parts

xixiquipilihui it swells

xixitin it crumbled

xixitini it falls apart

xixitomoni it blisters

xixtli excrement

xiyauh go!

xiyotl shuttle

xo:chipa:co: rejoice with flowers

xochayatl thin flowered cape

xochiayatl thin flowered cape

xochicacahuatl flowery cacao

xochichilihui the legs become red, chili-red

xochicihuiztli hemorrhoids; piles

xochicintli flower dried ear of maize

xochicozcatl garland of flowers, flower


xochicualcuahuitl fruit tree

xochicualla land of fruit

xochicualli fruit; food

xochicuallo fruit

xochihcihuiztli piles, hemorrhoids

xochimanalo there is flower offering

xochime flowers, blossoms

xochimecatl flower cord

xochiocotzotl liquidambar

xochitemoloa there is seeking of flowers

xochitic fatty; flower-colored; flower-

like; flower-yellow

xochitica with flowers, by means of


xochitl blossom, flower; delicate;


xochitla flower; flower garden

xochitla place of flowers

xochitlalpa land of flowers

xochitlalpan flower garden; land of flowers

xochitlano flower procurement is done

xochitli flower

xochitotonti small flowers

xochitototl oriole

xochyo flowers; having flowers; it has


xoco last daughter

xocoatica with acid water, by means of

acid water

xococ acid, sour

xococ sour

xococoztic having yellow legs; yellow-


xocohcozpatic having very yellow legs

xocohcozpiltic having very yellow legs

xocohcoztic having very yellow legs

xocomic he became drunk

xocomicqui drunk; drunkard

xocompehualti begin it

xoconcua eat it

xoconi drink it; drink it!

xoconitta see to him

xocopahtic very sour

xocopalalatic very sour, exceedingly sour

xocopatic very sour

xocotamalli fruit tamal

xocotonqui lacking a leg

xocotzin beloved last daughter

xocoyoa it develops fruit

xocoyotl youngest child; youngest

daughter; youngest son

xocoyotle o youngest child; o youngest


xocoyoton small, little

xocoztic having yellow legs

xocpalehuatl skin of sole of the foot

xocpalixtli sole of the foot

xocpalnacatl flesh of the sole of the foot

xohuehueyaquia the legs become long

xohueyac having a long stem; long-


xohuiac long-legged

Page 135: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 135 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 135 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

xohuihuiac having long legs; long-legged

xohxoloti she is stupid

xoiztalehuac having a pale base

xolachahui it becomes wrinkled

xolochahui it becomes wrinkled with age

xolochtic wrinkled

xolopime stupid people, senseless


xolopiti she is stupid

xolopitli foolish person, stupid person;

fool; idiot

xomecatic having cord-like legs

xomemecatia the legs become rope-like

xomimiltic having a cylindrical stem

xomoihhuihuipilli duck feather blouse (of

indigenous women), shift

xomoihhuitilmatli cape of duck feathers

xomolco in a corner; in the corner

xompaqui be happy

xonacatl onion

xonehuayo scaly

xonelcicihui sigh

xonelcicihuican sigh (pl)

xonmocuiltono be prosperous!

xontlachia look

xontlamati know!

xontlato speak

xopan summer

xopancuicatl flower song

xopantla summer

xopapachtic short-legged; wide-footed

xopapatlactic broad-footed; having wide feet

xopiaztic having a long slender foot

xopilli toe

xopilnacatl flesh of the toe

xopiltzatzapal lamed toe

xopitzahua the leg becomes slender

xoquechtlan on the ankle, to the ankle

xoquiac fetid, stinking; foul-smelling; of

fetid smell; smelly; spoiled

xoquiyatic fetid, stinking

xothiticectic chalky-legged

xotla it bursts

xotlacotic having legs like sticks; having

stick-like legs

xotlani bloomer

xotlaz it will bud

xotliltic having black legs

xotlitliltic having black feet; having

black legs

xotomahua the leg becomes thick

xotomahuac thick-legged

XOXO:TLANI firefly

xoxocacualoni edible uncooked

xoxocpatic very green

xoxoctia it becomes green

xoxoctic blue; green; blue-green;

greenish; light blue

xoxoctique green

xoxohqui green

xoxohuia it becomes blue; it becomes

green; it becomes discolored;

they become green

xoxohuic green

xoxolochahui it becomes very wrinkled

xoxolochtic very wrinkled

xoxotla it glistens; it glows

xoxotla they are crimson; they glisten;

they flame; they glow

xoxotlame fireflies

xoxouhcacuacualoni edible raw

xoxouhcacualoni edible raw; edible uncooked

xoxouhqui fresh; green; blue-green; blue;

raw; gangrenous; light blue;


xoxoxocpatic light green

xoxoxoctic green

xoxoxohuia it becomes green; they

become green

xoyac sour

xoyauhqui spoiled

xoyayauhqui having green legs

ya he goes; he went

ya it goes

yacachto at first

yacacuitlatl nasal mucus; nose mucus

yacahuiac long at the end

yacahuitzauhqui pointed at the end

yacahuitzihui it becomes pointed at the top

yacahuitztic pointed; pointed at the end;

having a pointed tip; having a

pointed end; sharp at the end

yacapitzahua they become pointed at the


yacapitzahuac slender at the end

yacatolli nasal mucus

yacatomahua the nose swells

yacatzolchiactic having a fatty nose

yacatzolchiahuac having an oily nose

yacaxihuitl turquoise nose rod

yacazozoloniliztli snuffles

yah he went

yahualihui it becomes round

yahualiuhqui round; rounded

Page 136: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 136 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 136 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

yahualtic circular, round

yahualtontli small and round

yahualtotonti small and round

yahuilquizca his vice

yamanca soft

yamancatlacatl gentle person

yamancatlatoltica with tender words, by means

of tender words

yamania it becomes warm

yamanic warm

yamannqui soft

yamanqui mellow; soft; softened; tender;

tepid; warm

yamazpatic very soft

yamaztic soft

yancuic new; newly; recently caught;


yancuican anew; for the first time; in the

beginning; new; newly

yani one who goes; she is

accustomed to going;

something that goes

yaoc enemy land

yaoc in war, in battle; war; battle;

battlefield; region of battle

yaochihualoque war was waged

yaoitacatl provision for war, battle


yaomicque they died in war, ones who

died in war; war dead

yaomicqui one who died in war

yaomiqui he dies in war; they die in


yaomiquia they died in war

yaomiquico he came to die in war

yaomiquiz he will die in battle; he will die

in war

yaopan at the battlefield; in a warlike

place; in battle; in time of

battle; in war; land of the

enemy; land of the foe; to war

yaoquixoaz war will break out

yaoquizatiuh he goes forth to battle

yaot she fought a battle

yaotenamitl bulwark

yaotetzahuitl omen of war

yaotitlan region of battle

yaotl enemy

yaotlachiani sentinel

yaotlachixque spies, sentinels

yaotlahueliloc furious in war

yaotlahueliloque intrepid warriors

yaotlapializtica guarding against the foe

yaotlapializtli guard, watch against enemies

yaotlapixque sentries

yaotlatoa they announce war; they

proclaim war

yaotlatquitl war array, battle gear; war


yaoyotica in battle; militarily

yaoyotl war; battle; warfare

yaque having a nose; pointed;

having a point; well-formed;

they went; they went away;

they departed; they migrated

yatinemi he keeps going

yauh he goes; it goes; it leaves; it

migrates; it moves; she goes;

they go

yauhcintli black dried ear of maize

yayacpol dark colored

yayactic dark; swarthy

yayahualtic round

yayahualtotonti small and round

yayamanqui soft

yayamaztic very soft

yayatinemi he wanders, he goes about

yayauh it goes (repeatedly)

yayauhqui dark; swarthy

yaz he will go; it will go; it will


yaz she will go

yaznequi he wants to go; he plans to

go; they wish to go

yazque they will go

ye already; when

ye when, already

ye oncan onaci it is enough, it is sufficient

yecahua one who has good drink

yecaxitl bowl for tobacco

yeccan favorable place; good time

yece though, however

yecnemilice just; one who has a saintly

life; one who has a righteous


yecnemilizotli road of righteous life

yectia (may) it become good; it

becomes pure

yectlacuale one who has good food

yectlatole having a good voice

yectli bad, evil; fine; good; clear;

fair; favorable; good thing;

proper; righteous; sound;


Page 137: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 137 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 137 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

yectozque having a good voice

yeehuan they, them

yehuan they; them; these; those

yehuanti they; these; those

yehuantin they; them; those; these;

those who

yehuantzitzin they, those

yehuatica it is sitting

yehuatl he; one who; she; it; this; this

one; that

yehuatzin he; he [h]

yeilhuitl three days

yelchichiltic having a chili-red breast

yeliz his nature

yelizyotl character, nature, being

yellacuaz he will not be able to eat

yexcan three places

yexiuhtica at the end of three years

yeyehuan they, these

yez he will be; it will be; it will


yez she will be; there will be; it will


yezque there will be; they will be; they

will exist

yezquia he would have been

yo:li he lives; it exists; it is alive; it

lives; it takes form

yo:li they are formed; they live

yo:li:hua live

yo:liliztli life

yoac at night; in the dark

yoalli night

yoalnepantla at midnight; midnight

yoaltica at night; by night

yoatzinco at dawn; early in the morning;

in the early dawn; in the


yocoxca calm, modest; calmly;

peacefully; deliberately; in

peace; little by little; in

tranquility; quietly

yocoxcatlacatl peaceful person

yocoxcayotl peace, contentment

yohualahuachtli morning dew

yohualcuauhtli nocturnal eagle

yohualli dark, nighttime; night;

darkness; shadow

yohualnepantla at midnight; midnight

yohualtica at night; by night; in the dark

yohuan at night; by night; in the dark;

nighttime; night-time

yohuatzinco at dawn; in early morning; in

the early morning

yohuayan at night, by night

yoitolo it was ordained, it was said

yolcahua animal owner

yolcatl animal, creature

yolcatontli small insect

yolcatzitzinti small animals

yolcayotl nourishment

yolchicahua they become courageous

yolchicahuac brave; valiant; courageous

yolizmatque prudent people

yolizmatqui discreet

yollatolli atole, maize gruel

yollochamahuac having a fat center

yollochicahuac brave-hearted; stout of heart;


yollochichic firm of heart

yollochipahuac pure of heart

yollococihuatl middle-aged woman

yollocococ cruel

yollocoztic having a yellow center

yollopiciltic having a small center

yollopitzahuac having a slender center

yolloquiquimil dull

yollotlahueliloc mad; madman

yollotlahuelilocatiliztli insanity

yollotlapalihui he is valiant, he is

courageous; it becomes hardy

yollotlapaltic it is hardy

yollotli heart

yolloxochitl magnolia

yolmiqui he faints; it is deadened

yolmiquia he was frightened to death

yolollotli heart

yolque animals

yolqui animal

yoltica it is living

yoltoz it will remain alive

yoyohuac nightly, night after night

yoyoli alive; insect; small animal

yoyoliton insect; little fly

yoyolitoton little insect; small insects

yoyolitzin little creatures, little animals

yoyomoctli testicle

yuhquinma as if

za just, only

za only, just

ZA:YO:L-IN fly

zacachapoli grass grasshopper

zacapan on grass; on straw; on the

Page 138: NAHUATL Florentine Codex Dictionary

Florentine Codex Vocabulary Page 138 of 138

Nahuatl Eglish Gloss Nahuatl English Gloss

Nahuatl Vocabulary Page 138 of 138

Re-compiled by Tezozomoc contact me at tezozomoc.at.hotmail.com

grass; on the straw

zacatecolotl burrowing owl

zacaticpac over the grass

zacatl grass; straw

zacatla grass land; grassland; grassy


zacatontli grass

zacaxacalli grass hut

zacayaman soft grass

zacayamanqui soft grass

zacayo grass blades

zacayohua it becomes grassy

zacuan troupial

zah only, just

zahuatl pimple; pox; smallpox

zan just; only; only just; quite; still;


zan huetzi it is useless

zan oncan right there

zaniyo alone

zaniyo just, only

zaniyoca separately, alone

zaniyocan separate place

zatepan later; then

zayolcintli fly-specked dried ear of maize

zayoli fly; gnats

zayolin fly

zayolla place of flies

zayolli fly

zayollo flies

zayoltoton little fly

zazalic adhesive, sticky, viscous

zazaliuhqui jointed

zazaltic adhesive, sticky

zolcanauhtli mallard

zoletl quail bean; quail-colored

bean; speckled bean

zoli quail

zolin montezuma quail; quail

zollatoa it sings like a quail

zolli montezuma quail

zolli quail

zollin quail

zolnacatl quail meat

zoloni it darts; it forms rapids; it


zolonini something that whirs

zoltetl quail egg

zoltic like a quail, quail-like

zonectic spiky; spongy; fluffy; light

zonectontli fluffy

zonehuac bristling; spongy; light

zoquiazolin wilson snipe

zoquicanauhtli goose

zoquichiuhque potters

zoquichiuhqui potter

zoquinacochtli pottery ear plug

zoquitic wet

zoquititlan in the mud

zoquitl clay; mud

zoquitlatquitl earthenware; clay articles

zoquixicocuitlatl impure beeswax

zotl piece of cloth

zotlahua he faints; he loses his

strength; they yield; they are


zoyatanatl small palm leaf basket

zozoloca it buzzes

zozolti quail (pl); quails

zozoltin quails

zozotlahua they yield, they are soft