of 39 /39
MicroBlaze Overview Theresa Chou

MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

  • Upload
    others

  • View
    10

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

Page 1: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 000-00) 04.01.04

MicroBlaze Overview

Theresa Chou

Page 2: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Agenda

MB OverViewMB Bus & IPSW Flow MB OS & 3’th party tool

Page 3: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

MicroBlaze is a soft processor core that can be implemented into any Virtex architecture:

Embedded soft RISC Processor32-bit data32-bit instruction word (three addresses and two addressing modes)32 registers (32-bit wide)3 pipe stages (single issue)Big-endian format

BusesFull Harvard-architectureOPB (CoreConnect), instruction and dataLMB for connecting to local BRAM (faster), instruction and data

MB architecture

Page 4: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

MB architecture

BUSIF

PROGRAM COUNTER

INSTRUCTION BUFFER

INSTRUCTION DECODE

REGISTER FILE32b X 32b

BUSIF

MICROBLAZE CORE

ADD/SUB

SHIFT/LOGICAL

MULTIPLY

See more in http://www.xilinx.com/ipcenter/processor_central/microblaze/architecture.htm

Page 5: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

All instruction takes one clock cycle exceptLoad and store (two clock cycles)Multiply (two clock cycles)Branches (three clock cycles, can be one clock cycle)

MB performance

See more in http://www.xilinx.com/ipcenter/processor_central/microblaze/performance.htm

Page 6: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

MicroBlaze Memory Space

Memory and peripheralsThe MicroBlaze processor uses 32-bit addresses

Special addressesMicroBlaze processors must have user-writable memory from 0x00000000 through 0x00000017

BRAM size limitsThe amount of BRAM memory that can be assigned is limitedThe largest supported BRAM memory size for Virtex and Virtex-E is 16 kilobytes; for Virtex-II, it is 64 kilobytes 0x0000_0000

0x0000_00080x0000_0010

0xFFFF_FFFF

0x0000_0018

Reset AddressException AddressInterrupt Address

LMB Memory

OPB Memory

Peripherals

Page 7: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

IBM CoreConnect Bus

The IBM CoreConnect standard provides three buses for interconnecting cores, library macros, and custom logic:

Processor Local Bus (PLB)On-chip Peripheral Bus (OPB)Device Control Register (DCR) bus

See more in http://www-3.ibm.com/chips/products/coreconnect/

MasterMaster/Slave

Slave Slave Slave

Master ArbiterArbiter

Page 8: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

IBM CoreConnect Busses

Page 9: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Local Memory Bus (LMB)32-bit high speed memory accessSingle-cycle to on-chip BRAMILMB (Instruction LMB)DLMB (Data LMB)

On-Chip Peripheral Bus (OPB)32-bit processor interface8/16/32-bit peripheral interfaceIOPB (Instruction OPB)DOPB (Data OPB)

MicroBlaze – Busses

Page 10: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

MicroBlaze Bus Example

MicroBlaze

DOPBBRAM

DLMB

IIC

OPB ARB

GPIO

UART

Ethernet

LCD

BRAM

INTC

IOPBILMB Ext Mem

ILMB Bus

DLMB Bus DOPB Bus

IOPB Bus

All buses are 32 bits

Page 11: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

ILMB

MicroBlaze Processor

Memory Controller

Instruction Memory

Data Memory

Dual Port Memory

(8K Bytes)

DLMB UART

JTAG UART

GPIO Input

GPIO Output

RS-232

JTAG Header

DIP Switches

7-Segment LED

Example MicroBlaze System

DOPB

50MHzClock

ResetSwitch

FPGA External

OPB Interface

Page 12: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Free Cores

OPB ArbiterOPB TimeBase/WDTOPB Timer/CounterOPB GPIOOPB UART-LiteOPB JTAG UARTOPB EMC Memory Controller

Flash SRAM ZBT System ACE

OPB BRAM ControllerOPB DDR ControllerOPB SDRAM Controller

PPC System ResetDCR Interrupt ControllerDCR InterfacePLB ArbiterPLB EMC Memory ControllerPLB BRAM ControllerPLB DDR ControllerPLB SDRAM Controller

PLB2OPB BridgeOPB2PLB BridgeOPB2OPB BridgeOPB2OPB Bridge-Lite

Bus-to-Bus communication

Page 13: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Custom IP Custom IP -- dkgpiodkgpio

dkgpio

opb_ipif_ssp0 dk_logic

OPB Bus

OPB IPIF InterfaceIPIC

Interface LED[0:3]

IPIC is a simplified IPIF interface

Page 14: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Design Debug (HW and SW)

HW Block Diagram

HW Description

Synthesize

P&R

BIT File/ Download

SW Flow Chart

Create SW source

Compile Simulate

ELF File/ Download

Hardware Flow Software Flow

ISE

EDK

Hardware / Software Flow

DATA2BRAM

Page 15: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Xilinx EDK

Embedded Development KitXilinx Platform Studio (XPS) – GUI interfaceSupports MicroBlaze and PPC developmentTools for HW and SW platform specificationXilinx Microprocessor Debug (XMD)Board Support Package (BSP) generatorInterface to industry standard simulation tools

MicroBlaze Core & LicensePeripheral IP (Parameterizable)GNU Tools (Compiler, Debugger)Application Examples

Page 16: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow

PPC405 PLB /Arbiter

PLBEMC

OPBGPIO

OPBUART

PLB2OPBBridge

OPB2PLBBridge

BRAMBlock

OPB /Arbiter

JTAGCNTL

PLBBRAM

I/F

Specify Processor,Bus & Peripherals,

Hardware Configuration

Automatic HardwarePlatform Generation

Xilinx Implementation Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

Page 17: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow – MHS

Microprocessor Hardware Specification File (MHS)

A text file that describes the hardware structure

ProcessorBus architecturePeripheralsConnectivity of the systemInterrupt request prioritiesAddress space

Specify Processor,Bus & Peripherals,

Hardware Configuration

Automatic HardwarePlatform Generation

Xilinx Implementation Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

MHS

Page 18: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

BEGIN microblazePARAMETER INSTANCE = mblazePARAMETER HW_VER = 2.00.aPORT CLK = sys_clkBUS_INTERFACE DLMB = d_lmbBUS_INTERFACE ILMB = i_lmbBUS_INTERFACE DOPB = myopbEND

BEGIN lmb_v10PARAMETER INSTANCE = d_lmbPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.00.aPARAMETER C_EXT_RESET_HIGH = 0PORT LMB_Clk = sys_clkPORT SYS_Rst = sys_rstEND

BEGIN lmb_v10PARAMETER INSTANCE = i_lmbPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.00.aPARAMETER C_EXT_RESET_HIGH = 0PORT LMB_Clk = sys_clkPORT SYS_Rst = sys_rstEND

BEGIN opb_v20PARAMETER INSTANCE = myopbPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.10.bPARAMETER C_EXT_RESET_HIGH = 0PORT OPB_Clk = sys_clkPORT SYS_Rst = sys_rstEND

# ParametersPARAMETER VERSION = 2.0.0

# Global PortsPORT sys_clk = sys_clk, DIR = INPORT sys_rst = sys_rst, DIR = INPORT rx = rx, DIR = INPORT tx = tx, DIR = OUT

# Sub ComponentsBEGIN bram_blockPARAMETER INSTANCE = bram_lmbPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.00.aBUS_INTERFACE PORTA = ilmb_portaBUS_INTERFACE PORTB = dlmb_portb

END

BEGIN lmb_bram_if_cntlrPARAMETER INSTANCE = my_ilmb_cntlrPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.00.bPARAMETER C_BASEADDR = 0x0000_0000PARAMETER C_HIGHADDR = 0x0000_1FFFBUS_INTERFACE SLMB = i_lmbBUS_INTERFACE BRAM_PORT = ilmb_porta

END

BEGIN lmb_bram_if_cntlrPARAMETER INSTANCE = my_dlmb_cntlrPARAMETER HW_VER = 1.00.bPARAMETER C_BASEADDR = 0x0000_0000PARAMETER C_HIGHADDR = 0x0000_1FFFBUS_INTERFACE SLMB = d_lmbBUS_INTERFACE BRAM_PORT = dlmb_portb

END

Hardware Flow – MHS

IO Port DelcarationsMicroBlaze port connections, bus organization and parameters

LMB/OPB Bus Specifications

Peripherals (memory, etc…)

Auto-Generated MHS File

Page 19: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow – MPD

Microprocessor Peripheral Definition (MPD)• Template that specifies ports

and parameters of peripherals and IPLists ports and default connectivity for bus interfacesLists parameters and default valuesAny MPD parameter is overwritten by the equivalent MHS assignment

Specify Processor,Bus & Peripherals,

Hardware Configuration

Automatic HardwarePlatform Generation

Xilinx Implementation Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

MPD

MHS

Page 20: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow – MPD FormatBEGIN opb_uartlite, IPTYPE=PERIPHERAL, EDIF=TRUE, HDL=BOTHOPTION SIM_MODELS = BEHAVIORAL : STRUCTURALBUS_INTERFACE BUS=SOPB, BUS_STD=OPB, BUS_TYPE=SLAVE

# Generics for vhdl or parameters for verilogPARAMETER C_BASEADDR = 0xFFFF8000, DT=std_logic_vectorPARAMETER C_HIGHADDR = 0xFFFF80FF, DT=std_logic_vectorPARAMETER C_OPB_DWIDTH = 32, DT=integerPARAMETER C_OPB_AWIDTH = 32, DT=integer PARAMETER C_DATA_BITS = 8, DT="integer range 5 to 8"PARAMETER C_CLK_FREQ = 125_000_000, DT=integerPARAMETER C_BAUDRATE = 9600, DT=integerPARAMETER C_USE_PARITY = 1, DT=integerPARAMETER C_ODD_PARITY = 1, DT=integer

# Global portsPORT OPB_Clk = "", DIR=IN, BUS=SOPB, SIGIS=CLKPORT OPB_Rst = OPB_Rst, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPBPORT Interrupt = "", DIR=OUT, EDGE=RISING, SIGIS=INTERRUPT# OPB slave signalsPORT OPB_ABus = OPB_ABus, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPB, VEC=[0:C_OPB_AWIDTH-1]PORT OPB_BE = OPB_BE, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPB, VEC=[0:C_OPB_DWIDTH/8-1]PORT OPB_RNW = OPB_RNW, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPBPORT OPB_select = OPB_select, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPBPORT OPB_seqAddr = OPB_seqAddr, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPBPORT OPB_DBus = OPB_DBus, DIR=IN, BUS=SOPB, VEC=[0:C_OPB_DWIDTH-1]PORT UART_DBus = Sl_DBus, DIR=OUT, BUS=SOPB, VEC=[0:C_OPB_DWIDTH-1]PORT UART_errAck = Sl_errAck, DIR=OUT, BUS=SOPBPORT UART_retry = Sl_retry, DIR=OUT, BUS=SOPBPORT UART_toutSup = Sl_toutSup, DIR=OUT, BUS=SOPBPORT UART_xferAck = Sl_xferAck, DIR=OUT, BUS=SOPB# uart signalsPORT RX = "", DIR=INPORT TX = "", DIR=OUT

END

Peripheral name, type and HDL source code type

Bus interface information

Parameters/Generics that can be customized by user. Includes default values and variable type.

OPB Port Declarations. These get automatically connected since they are specified to be part of the OPB Slave Bus Interface

User Ports.

Page 21: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow – Platform GeneratorPlatform Generator (PlatGen)

Uses MHS and MPD files to create the hardware platformCreates netlist filesCreates support files for downstream toolsCreates HDL wrappers

Specify Processor,Bus & Peripherals,

Hardware Configuration

Automatic HardwarePlatform Generation

Xilinx Implementation Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

MPD

MHS

Page 22: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Flow – ImplementationImplementation Flow

XFLOW• Batch Mode Place & Route

flow.ProjNav

• ISE Project NavigatorGUI Place & Route flow

Specify Processor,Bus & Peripherals,

Hardware Configuration

Automatic HardwarePlatform Generation

Xilinx Implementation Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

Xflow /ProjNav

MPD

MHS

Page 23: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Software Flow

After peripheral hardware definition, the software flow is independent of the hardware flow.

Hardware Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGAPPC405PLB /Arbiter

PLBEMC

OPBGPIO

OPBUART

PLB2OPBBridgeOPB2PLBBridge

BRAMBlock

OPB /Arbiter

JTAGCNTL

PLBBRAM

I/F

GDB /XMD

Data2BRAM

Executable in on-chip memory

Specify SoftwareArchitecture

Automatic Software BSP/Library Generation

Software Compilation

Executable

Executable in off-chip memory

?

Download to FPGA

Page 24: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

PPC405PLB /Arbiter

PLBEMC

OPBGPIO

OPBUART

PLB2OPBBridgeOPB2PLBBridge

BRAMBlock

OPB /Arbiter

JTAGCNTL

PLBBRAM

I/F

Software Flow – MSS

Hardware Flow

Bitstream

Download to FPGA

Specify SoftwareArchitecture

Automatic Software BSP/Library Generation

Software Compilation

Executable

Executable in off-chip memory

MSS

Executable in on-chip memory

GDB /XMD

Data2BRAM?

Download to FPGA

Microprocessor SoftwareSpecification (MSS)• Auto-generated/user

modifiable file• Contains all project

software options (C-compiler options, driver info, etc.)

Page 25: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Software Flow – MSS Format

PARAMETER VERSION = 2.0.0PARAMETER HW_SPEC_FILE = system.mhs

BEGIN PROCESSORPARAMETER HW_INSTANCE = my_microblazePARAMETER DRIVER_NAME = cpuPARAMETER DRIVER_VER = 1.00.aPARAMETER EXECUTABLE = executable.elfPARAMETER COMPILER = mb-gccPARAMETER ARCHIVER = mb-arPARAMETER DEBUG_PERIPHERAL = my_jtaguartPARAMETER STDIN = my_uartlitePARAMETER STDOUT = my_uartliteEND

BEGIN DRIVERPARAMETER HW_INSTANCE = myethernetPARAMETER DRIVER_NAME = emacPARAMETER DRIVER_VER = 1.00.bPARAMETER LEVEL = 0PARAMETER LIBRARY = XilNetEND

BEGIN DRIVERPARAMETER HW_INSTANCE = my_uartlitePARAMETER DRIVER_NAME = uartlitePARAMETER DRIVER_VER = 1.00.bPARAMETER LEVEL = 0END

Auto-Generated MSS File

Page 26: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Software Flow – Library Generator

Library Generator (LibGen)Configures libraries and device drivers

• Creates xparameters.h include file for driver definitions

• Creates libc.a, libm.a, libxil.a libraries that contain functions that the processor can access

Specify SoftwareArchitecture

Automatic Software BSP/Library Generation

Software Compilation

Executable

MSS

Page 27: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Software Flow – Compiler

XPS SupportsGNU Compiler for MicroBlaze

Specify SoftwareArchitecture

Automatic Software BSP/Library Generation

Software Compilation

Executable

.c

MSS

Page 28: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Easy to Use Flow

Design your Cpu and Cpu Bus by Graphic

Set each component attribute , port , memory mapping

Finish your CPU design

Use tool bar to run your HW and SW flow

Page 29: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Starting a New Project

Step through the XPS Hardware FlowCreate a new projectSetup project optionsInsert peripheralsMake connectionsCreate portsSet parametersSet STDIO

Page 30: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Starting a New Project

Open XPS by selecting Start>Programs>Xilinx Embedded Development Kit>Xilinx Platform Studio

Select the location of the Project File (.xmp)If you have an existing MHS file, Browse to ImportSelect the Target DevicePeripheral Repository Directory

Allows you to select the location of your peripherals if they are not local to your project area.

Page 31: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

From the XPS MenuOptions>Project Options

Target DeviceAllows you to retarget the design to another device

Peripheral Repository Directory

Allows you to specify the location of your peripherals

Project Options – Device and Repository

Page 32: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Project Options – Hierarchy and Flow

Design HierarchyAllows you to place the design as a sub-module within another design

Netlist Generation Targets the synthesis tool and allows for flat netlist creation

Implementation Tool FlowTargets Xflow or ISE Project Navigator

Page 33: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Project Options – HDL and Simulation

HDLSelects the language of the peripheral wrappers

SimulatorSelects between ModelSim or Verilog-XL

ModelSim Libraries PathBrowse to the directories where you have compiled the Xilinx Models

Simulation ModelsSelect the models desired for simulationRefer to “Getting Started Guide” for library compile info

Page 34: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Processor Block DiagramProcessorBlockDiagram (PBD)• Auto-generated/user

modifiable file• Block diagram format of

MHS file• Good as reference, but

keep closed to avoid MHS conflicts

Page 35: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Define Hardware Platform

All hardware information is stored in the MHS file and can be edited in multiple ways using XPS

Select Project>Add/Edit Cores…(dialog)

This dialog allows you to add Peripherals, Bus Connections, Ports, Parameters, etc.

Page 36: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Hardware Implementation

Generate Netlist

Hardware Directories

Generate Bitstream

Page 37: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Software Implementation

Generate Libraries

Library StructureLibraryDriver

MicroBlaze BSP

LibGen

MSSMHS

*.a*.hXmdstub.elf

MDDMDD

MDDLibraries

Drivers for IP

Page 38: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

Downloading Bitstreams

Downloading BitstreamsTools>DownloadRuns iMPACT in batch modeUses download.cmd batch file from the etc directory to properly describe JTAG chainUser must create download.cmd for their system

Page 39: MicroBlaze Overview - myweb.ntut.edu.tw

© Memec (MG 001-04) 02.27.04

DEMO Flow