Matematiki leksikon

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MATEMATIKI LEKSIKON

MATEMATIKI LEKSIKON

PROJEKT

Predmet : Matematika

Mentor: Ivica valjek

• I

Matematiki leksikon O Side Kouti Radoboj

Cijeli brojevi ........................................................................................................................... 2

Zbrajanje i oduzimanje cijelih brojeva ............................................................................... 3

Mnoenje i dijeljenje cijelih brojeva .................................................................................. 4

etverokut .............................................................................................................................. 6

Paralelogram ....................................................................................................................... 6

Pravokutnik ........................................................................................................................ 8

Romb .................................................................................................................................. 8

Trapez ................................................................................................................................. 9

Decimalni brojevi ................................................................................................................. 11

Zbrajanje decimalnih brojeva ........................................................................................... 11

Oduzimanje decimalnih brojeva ....................................................................................... 12

Mnoenje decimalnih brojeva s dekadskim jedinicama ................................................... 12

Dijeljenje decimalnih brojeva dekadskim jedinicama ..................................................... 12

Mnoenje decimalnih brojeva cijelim brojevima ............................................................. 13

Dijeljenje decimalnih brojeva cijelim brojevima ............................................................. 13

Djeljivost prirodnih brojeva ................................................................................................. 14

Viekratnik i djelitelj ........................................................................................................ 14

Djeljivost sa 2, 3, 5, 9 i 10 ................................................................................................ 15

Rastavljanje broja na proste faktore ................................................................................. 15

Geometrijska tijela ............................................................................................................... 17

Prizme ............................................................................................................................... 17

Piramide ........................................................................................................................... 23

Valjak ............................................................................................................................... 26

• II

Matematiki leksikon O Side Kouti Radoboj

Stoac ............................................................................................................................... 27

Kugla i sfera ..................................................................................................................... 28

Jednostavni kamatni raun ................................................................................................... 29

Koordinatni sustav u ravnini ................................................................................................ 30

Koordinatni sustav na pravcu ............................................................................................... 30

Korjenovanje racionalnih brojeva (drugi korijen) ................................................................ 32

Racionalizacija nazivnika ................................................................................................. 33

Krunica i krug ..................................................................................................................... 34

Osnovni pojmovi kod kruga i krunice ............................................................................ 34

Kutovi ................................................................................................................................... 37

Vrste kutova ..................................................................................................................... 37

Sukuti i vrni kutovi ......................................................................................................... 38

Linearna funkcija .................................................................................................................. 41

Linearna jednadba s jednom nepoznanicom ....................................................................... 43

Mnogokuti ............................................................................................................................ 45

Pojmovi bitni za mnogokut .............................................................................................. 45

Omjer i proporcija ................................................................................................................ 47

Proporcionalne i obrnuto proporcionalne veliine ........................................................... 47

Osnovni geometrijski pojmovi ............................................................................................. 50

Pitagorin pouak ................................................................................................................... 52

Primjena Pitagorina pouka na pravokutnik i kvadrat ..................................................... 52

Primjena Pitagorina pouka na jednakostranini i jednakokrani trokut ......................... 53

Primjena Pitagorinog pouka na romb ............................................................................. 55

• III

Matematiki leksikon O Side Kouti Radoboj

Primjena Pitagorinog pouka na jednakokrani trapez .................................................... 55

Postotak ................................................................................................................................ 56

Preslikavanje ravnine ........................................................................................................... 57

Translacija ........................................................................................................................ 57

Osna simetrija ................................................................................................................... 57

Centralna simetrija ........................................................................................................... 58

Rotacija ............................................................................................................................. 59

Prirodni brojevi .................................................................................................................... 60

Dijeljenje prirodnih brojeva ............................................................................................. 60

Izvoenje vie raunskih radnji ........................................................................................ 60

Oduzimanje prirodnih brojeva ......................................................................................... 62

Racionalni brojevi ................................................................................................................ 64

Pozitivni i negativni racionalni brojevi ............................................................................ 65

Prikazivanje racionalnih brojeva na pravcu. .................................................................... 65

Usporeivanje racionalnih brojeva ................................................................................... 66

Razlomci ............................................................................................................................... 67

Raunske operacije s razlomcima .................................................................................... 67

Trokut ..................................

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