Los Cognados y Cognados Falsos Cognates and False Cognates

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  • Los Cognados y Cognados Falsos Cognates and False Cognates
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  • Nouns Many Spanish nouns can easily be converted into English nouns. English nouns and Spanish nouns ending in -or are very often identical. #1. -or = -or EnglishSpanishactorcolordoctordirector
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  • Nouns English nouns and Spanish nouns ending in -al are often identical. #2. -al = -al EnglishSpanishanimalgeneralhospitalmanualmoral
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  • Nouns Many English nouns ending with -ist, can be converted into Spanish nouns by changing to -ista. #3. -ist -ista EnglishSpanish artist list socialist tourist artista lista socialista turista
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  • Nouns #4. -ism -ismo EnglishSpanish idealism realism mechanism optimism organism idealismo realismo mechanismo optimismo organismo
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  • Nouns #5. -nce -ncia EnglishSpanish abundanceabundancia arrogance experience patience intelligence arrogancia experiencia paciencia inteligencia
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  • Nouns #6. -ty -dad EnglishSpanish activityactividad curiosity electricity identity university curiosidad electricidad identidad universidad
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  • Nouns #7. -tion -cin EnglishSpanish associationasociacin combinationcombinacin conditioncondicin exemptionexempcin instructioninstrucin
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  • Nouns English nouns ending with -y often correspond to Spanish nouns ending with -a, ia, or io. #8. -y '-a', '-ia', or '-io' EnglishSpanish agencyagencia agonyagona batterybatera familyfamilia historyhistoria salarysalario testimonytestimonio dictionarydiccionario
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  • Adjectives Like nouns, many English adjectives can be converted into Spanish simply by changing the word ending. Here are some useful rules. #1. -ive ivo EnglishSpanish activeactivo decisivedecisivo festivefestivo effectiveefectivo indicativeindicativo
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  • Adjectives #2. -al = -al EnglishSpanishbrutalusuallocalcriminalnatural
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  • Adjectives #4. -ic -ico EnglishSpanish magneticmagntico fantasticfantstico electricelctrico artisticartstico automatic automtico
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  • Adjectives #5. -ble = -ble EnglishSpanishadmirable impossibleimposibleterriblefavorable notable
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  • Adjectives #6. -nt -nte EnglishSpanish ignorantignorante convenientconveniente prudentprudente importantimportante triumphant triunfante
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  • Adjectives #7. -id -ido EnglishSpanish stupidestpido lucidlcido splendidesplndido candidcndido solid slido
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  • Adjectives #8. -ile -il EnglishSpanish agilegil fragilefrgil mobilemvil juvenilejuvenil automobile automvil
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  • Adjectives #9. -ary -ario EnglishSpanish arbitraryarbitrario ordinaryordinario imaginaryimaginario
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  • Adverbs In English, "-ly" combines with many adjectives to form adverbs. In Spanish, "-mente" combines with (feminine) adjectives to form Spanish adverbs. -ly -mente EnglishSpanish absolutelyabsolutamente normallynormalmente naturallynaturalmente finallyfinalmente correctlycorrectamente exactlyexactamente evidentlyevidentemente difficultlydificilmente
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  • False Cognates Many words appears to be similar in English and Spanish, but do not have the same meaning. These are called false cognates. Below are a few examples of false cognates. 1.) embarazada pregnantDoes not mean embarrassed. embarrassed = avergonzado 2.) bizarro brave; valiantDoes not mean strange or bizarre strange; bizarre = extrao; raro 3.) asistir to attendDoes not mean to assist to assist = ayudar (to help) 4.) xito successDoes not mean exit exit = salida 5.) fbrica factoryDoes not mean fabric fabric = tejido