Cognados Cognates. The following slides are examples of cognates

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  • CognadosCognates

  • The following slides are examples of cognates

  • Es terrible!Es horrible!

  • Es imposible!

  • Es posible! No es posible!

  • No es probable!

  • No es horrible! Es horrible!

  • En tus palabras.In your own wordsQu es un cognado? (What is a cognate?)Es una palabra en ambos ingls y espaol que se deletrea similar y su significacin es semejante. It is a word in both English and in Spanish that is spelled similarly and has the same meaning.

  • Many words in English have nearly identical Spanish cognates. Only the pronunciation is different and, at most, a very little spelling change. antena rea auto can chocolate conclusin cnsul familiar gala gas hotel idea meln milln plaza radio regular religin similar telfono villa

  • Spanish words that end in -a, -o or -e very often have an equivalent in English. Simply drop or change the last vowel.

    airelistaatletamapacasomedicinacausaminutocostomuchocreativopartecrditopersonadietapositivodramarpidofavoritouso formavctimaguitarravisita

  • There are many Spanish cognates that end in -cin. The equivalent English word ends in -tion. Note that all of these words have the stress on the final syllable. Also, all of these words are feminine in gender.

    accindegeneracinadministracindescripcinadmiracineliminacinanimacinexperimentacinaplicacininformacinasociacininvestigacinatencinorganizacincelebracinrepresentacincombinacintransformacinconcentracintransportacincontaminacinvegetacincreacinvocacin

  • Many Spanish words that end in -ma are irregular in that they are masculine in gender, even though they end in the usually feminine -a. Words that end in -ary in English very often have a Spanish cognate that ends in -ario.

    climadiagramaidiomaproblemaprogramasistematema

    aniversariodiccionariodisciplinarioitinerarioliterarionecesarioordinariovocabulario

  • Words that in in -dad are quite common in Spanish. They usually correspond to an English word that ends in -ty. All of these words are feminine in gender. English words that end in -ic usually have a Spanish cognate that simply add an -o.

    autoridadciudadcomunidaddificultadenfermedadformalidadnecesidadprosperidadpublicidaduniversidadvelocidad

    Atlnticoautomticodemocrticodidcticoescolsticofantsticogimnsticolingusticooptimsticopesimsticoromnticosarcstico

  • English words than end in ent often have a cognate in Spanish that ends in ente. These are usually adjectives but sometimes also nouns.Spanish words that end in mente are usually the equivalent of ly words in English and usually adverbs.

    agenteclientediferenteequivalenteindiferentepatentepotentesuficiente

    afortunadamentecorrectamentedesafortunadamenteespecialmenteexactamentefinalmentegeneralmentemoralmentenaturalmenteobviamenterapidamente

  • Words than end of al in both English and Spanish often mean the same.Words than end in ence or ance often have a Spanish cognate ending in encia or -ancia

    animalpersonalcapitalcentralcomercialespecialgeneralhospitaltotallocalocasionaloficialoriginal

    ausenciacircunstanciaconcienciadiferenciadistanciaexperienciaimportanciainstanciaobedienciapermanenciatolerancia

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