Kapitel 1 Prähistorische Kunst in Europa. Outline of Prehistoric Period Paleolithic –Lower –Middle –Upper Neolithic

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Kapitel 1Prhistorische Kunst in Europa1Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Outline of Prehistoric PeriodPaleolithicLowerMiddle UpperNeolithicPaleolithic AgeOld Stone Age - 2,500,000 10,000 BCTechnological advancement from spear to bow/arrow = better huntingAppearance of Homo sapiens sapiens (-120,000)Cro-Magnon ManEuropeStone Ax = chop down trees & make boatsHunting large animals required 4-5 bands of people working togetherChief status for leaderCave Paintings

3Der homo sapiens sapiens

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Schutzbau oder Architektur?5Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Fundsttte einer Mammut-Knochen-HtteAus der Ukraineca. 16 000-10 000 v. Chr.Wohnsttten der Eiszeitjger6Dias und Konzept von Georg Capol lernblitz.chFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

7Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Werkzeug oder Kunsthandwerk?8Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Der Lwen-Mensch vonHohlenstein-Stadel, Deutschlandca. 30,000-26,000 v.Chr.Aus einem Mammutzahn geschnitzt11 3/8 inch. hoch

9Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Prhistorische Skulpturenlteste menschliche Kunstwerke: aus Stein,Elfenbein, Geweih, KnochenKultobjekt ? Lwenartiger Mensch als MotivTeil einer Jagdwaffe ? geschnitzt und in dreidimensionaler Darstellung: also schon geistig hochstehende Gedanken-Kultur.10Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Weibliche Figuren (Venus)11Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Venus von WillendorfOesterreichca. 28 000-25 000 v.Chr.limestone4 1/4 inch. hoch

12Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Venus von Willendorf

13Frau von LespugueAus einer Hhle in Les Rideaux, Franceca. 20,000 v. Chr.Mammut-Elfenbein5 3/4 inch hoch

Weitere weibliche Schnheiten14Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Verschiedene Venus-Statuetten aus der Urzeit

15Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Moderne Formen der Uebertreibungen

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17Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Die Bedeutung der HhlenmalereienDie ersten Gemlde entstanden etwa vor 15 000 JahrenUr-Bilder von: Bison, Hirsch, Pferd, Khen, Mammuts und Wildschweinen sind die Hauptmotive. Rituelle oder religise Geisteshaltung zur Steigerung des Jagderfolgs oder der Fruchtbarkeit.

18Die Bedeutung der HhlenmalereienArcheologists speculate the animal images were meant to guarantee a successful huntDrawing a picture of it gave you power over it?Sympathetic magicArtwork has been depicted with realistic features that enables scholars to identify animals19Hhlenmalereien von Chauvet Vallon-Pont-dArc, Ardche, Franceca. 30 000-28 000 v.Chr.Pigmentfarben aus Fels

20Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

21Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Hhlenmalereien aus Pech-MerleLot, Franceca. 22 000 v.Chr.Pigmentfarbe auf Stein

Nicht fr ewig gemalt?Hnde als Fingerprintim modernen Sinne ?22Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

23Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Hhlenmalerein von LascauxLascaux, Dordogne, Franceca. 15 000-13 000 v. Chr.Pigmentfarbe aus Stein

24Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Twisted Perspective horns, eyes & hooves are shown as seen from the front, yet heads & bodies are rendered in profile25Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Prehistoric Art ToolsCave artists used charcoal to outline the walls; sometimes they incised the wall with sharp stones or charcoal sticksThe paints used were ground minerals like red & yellow ochreThe minerals were applied directly on the damp limestone walls

26Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

27Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Altamira Cave paintingsSantander, Spainca. 12,000-11,000 B.C.E.pigment on stone28Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Bison CeilingArtists used the irregularities of the cave to create sculptural effects by painting over them

29Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

Neolithic RevolutionEnd of Ice Age (100,000 8000 BCE) brought ability to search for new foodSystemic Agriculture Making the conscious decision to plant & grow foodDomestication Raising goats, sheep, pigs & cattleDevelopment of permanent, year-round settlements (and eventually, civilization)

30Skara Brae ArchitectureNeolithic settlement in northern Scotland3100 and 2600 BCECorbeling layers of stones are piled on top of each other to form walls without mortar

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32Megalithic ArchitectureLarge stone (mega + lithos)Powerful religious or political figures and beliefs was the impetus for these massive building projects2 types:Dolmen large, vertical stones with a covering slab like a giant table (mounded over with dirt to form a cairn)Menhir single stone set on its endPositioned:Henge circular arrangement of stonesAlignment in rows33

34Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

StonehengeSalisury Plain, Wiltshire, Englandca. 2,550-1,600 B.C.E.sarsen and bluestone

35Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permissions and rights.

36Slide concept by William V. Ganis, PhDFOR EDUCATIONAL USE ONLYFor publication, reproduction or transmission of images, please contact individual artists, estates, photographers and exhibiting institutions for permi