Jop Ananalysis

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job analysis

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Research reportJob Search Study: Literature review and analysis of the Labour Force Survey by Anne E. Green, Maria de Hoyos, Yuxin Li andDavid OwenDepartment for Work and PensionsResearch Report No 726Job Search Study: Literature review and analysis of the Labour Force SurveyAnne E. Green, Maria de Hoyos, Yuxin Li and David OwenA report of research carried out by the Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick on behalf of the Department for Work and Pensions Crown copyright 2011. You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence.To view this licence, visit http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/ or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk.This document/publication is also available on our website at:http://research.dwp.gov.uk/asd/asd5/rrs-index.aspAny enquiries regarding this document/publication should be sent to us at: Department for Work and Pensions, Commercial Support and Knowledge Management Team,Work and Welfare Central Analysis Division, 3rd Floor, Caxton House, Tothill Street, London SW1H 9NAFirst published 2011.ISBN978 1 84712 925 3Views expressed in this report are not necessarily those of the Department for Work and Pensions or any other Government Department.iiiContentsAcknowledgements ................................................................................................................................ viiiThe Authors ................................................................................................................................................ ixSummary .....................................................................................................................................................11Introduction .........................................................................................................................................51.1Background ...............................................................................................................................51.2Research aims ..........................................................................................................................61.3Approach ...................................................................................................................................61.3.1Introduction to the methodology for the job-search study .............................61.3.2Scope and approach of the literature review ......................................................61.4Structure of report ...................................................................................................................72Job search .............................................................................................................................................82.1The concept of job search......................................................................................................82.2Measuring job search ..............................................................................................................92.3Empirical evidence on job search ...................................................................................... 102.3.1Number and characteristics of individuals seeking work .............................. 102.3.2Methods of searching for work ............................................................................ 132.3.3Main methods of searching for work ................................................................. 192.4Overview ................................................................................................................................. 263The Internet and job search .......................................................................................................... 273.1The role of the Internet in job search............................................................................... 273.1.1Introduction............................................................................................................. 273.1.2Impact of the use of the Internet and ICT for job search ............................. 283.1.3The emotional impact of Internet job search .................................................. 303.1.4Adverse selection of applicants........................................................................... 313.2The digital divide ................................................................................................................. 323.3Use of the Internet in job search: analyses using LFS data ......................................... 343.3.1Descriptive analyses .............................................................................................. 343.3.2Multivariate analyses ............................................................................................. 38Contentsiv3.4Overview ................................................................................................................................. 414Social networks and job search ..................................................................................................... 424.1The role of social networks in job search ........................................................................ 424.2Predictors and outcomes of the use of social networks in search ............................ 434.3Demographic variables and the use of social networks:insights from the literature ................................................................................................. 454.3.1Gender ...................................................................................................................... 454.3.2Ethnicity .................................................................................................................... 474.4External factors affecting the use of social networks .................................................. 484.5Use of social networks in job search: insights from the Labour Force Survey ......... 514.6Overview ................................................................................................................................. 605Self-efcacy and job search ........................................................................................................... 615.1Introduction to the concept of self-efcacy................................................................... 615.1.1The concept of self-efcacy ................................................................................. 615.1.2Dimensions, sources and consequences of self-efcacy beliefs................. 625.2The relationship between self-efcacy and job search ................................................ 635.2.1The relevance of self-efcacy to job search ..................................................... 635.2.2General versus specic job-search self-efcacy .............................................. 655.2.3Developing job-search self-efcacy through training interventions ........... 665.2.4Developing job seekers self-efcacy: the Jobcentre Plus WorkFocused Interview .................................................................................................. 675.3Overview ................................................................................................................................. 696Conclusions ........................................................................................................................................ 706.1Job search: an overview of key ndings and implications ........................................... 706.2Key themes ............................................................................................................................ 726.3Evidence gaps ........................................................................................................................ 75Appendix ALiterature search methodology ................................................................................... 76Appendix BMultivariate analysis of Internet job search model andestimation method ........................................................................................................ 79Appendix CMultivariate analysis of Internet job search description of pooled sampleand results ........................................................................................................................ 81References .............................................................................................................................................. 101ContentsvList of tablesTable 3.1Description of independent variables used in multivariate analysis ................... 40Table C.1Statistical description of selected variables: all job seekers .................................. 81Table C.2Statistical description of selected variables: Internet job seekers ....................... 83Table C.3Statistical description of selected variables: non Internet job seekers ............... 85Table C.4Econometric results when including separate variables foreconomic position, JSA claimant and dummies for year ................................. 87Table C.5Econometric results when including separate variables foreconomic position, JSA claimant and dummies for quarter ........................... 89Table C.6Econometric results when including separate variables foreconomic position, JSA claimant and dummies for year detailed disaggregation for region of residence ...................................................... 90Table C.7Econometric results when including separate variables foreconomic position, JSA claiming and dummies for quarterdetailed disaggregation for region of residence..................................................... 92Table C.8Econometric results when including interaction terms foreconomic position and JSA claimant and dummies for