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  • E N V I R O N M E N T P R O T E C T I O N A U T H O R I T Y

    Jenkins Street, Birkenhead

    Air Quality Monitoring Hot Spot Report No 6

  • Air Quality Monitoring Hot Spot Report No.6

    Jenkins St, Birkenhead

    October 2006

  • Air Quality Monitoring Hot Spot Report No 6: Jenkins St, Birkenhead

    Author: C. Powell

    For further information please contact:

    Information Officer Environment Protection Authority GPO Box 2607 Adelaide SA 5001

    Telephone: (08) 8204 2004 Facsimile: (08) 8204 2020 Free call (country): 1800 623 445

    Web site: www.epa.sa.gov.au

    E-mail: [email protected]

    ISBN 1 876562 83 8

    October 2006

    Environment Protection Authority

    This document may be reproduced in whole or part for the purpose of study or training, subject to the inclusion of an acknowledgment of the source and to its not being used for commercial purposes or sale. Reproduction for purposes other than those given above requires the prior written permission of the Environment Protection Authority.

  • iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Summary ....................................................................................... vii Results ......................................................................................vii

    Introduction .....................................................................................1

    Hot spot air quality monitoring..............................................................2

    Sampling site ....................................................................................3

    Results ...........................................................................................4 Particulate matter (PM10) ................................................................. 4 Benzene (C6H6).............................................................................. 8 Toluene (C7H8) .............................................................................10 Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) ...................................................................12 Ozone (O3)..................................................................................14 Carbon monoxide (CO) ...................................................................16 Sulfur dioxide (SO2) .......................................................................18 Formaldehyde (CH2O).....................................................................19 Naphthalene (C10H8) ......................................................................20

    Conclusion ..................................................................................... 21

    References..................................................................................... 22

    Appendix APollution Roses ............................................................... 23 Benzene pollution roses ..................................................................31 Toluene pollution roses ..................................................................33

    Appendix BMetadata....................................................................... 35

  • iv

    List of Figures

    Figure 1: Aerial photo of the sampling site and nearby industrial sources (Photo: ImageMapSA, Department for Environment and Heritage) .......................... 3

    Figure 2: PM10 concentrations measured at Birkenhead (6 December 2003 to 3 January 2005)............................................................ 5

    Figure 3: PM10 concentrations measured at Netley and Kensington (6 December 2003 to 3 January 2005)............................................................ 6

    Figure 4: Benzene one-hour averages measured at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) .......................................................... 9

    Figure 5: Toluene 30-minute averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 11

    Figure 6: Nitrogen dioxide 1-hour averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 13

    Figure 7: Ozone 1-hour averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 15

    Figure 8: Ozone 4-hour averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 15

    Figure 9: Carbon monoxide 8-hour rolling averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 17

    Figure 10: Sulphur dioxide 1-hour averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 18

    Figure 11: Formaldehyde 30-minute averages at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 19

    Figure 12: Naphthalene levels measured at Birkenhead (11 December 2003 to 3 January 2005) ......................................................... 20

    Figure A-1: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 16/12/03 .................... 23 Figure A-2: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 10/2/04...................... 23 Figure A-3: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 2/3/04 ....................... 24 Figure A-4: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 3/3/04 ....................... 24 Figure A-5: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 4/3/04 ....................... 25 Figure A-6: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 28/3/04...................... 25 Figure A-7: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 8/4/04 ....................... 26 Figure A-8: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 20/4/04...................... 26 Figure A-9: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 21/4/04...................... 27 Figure A-10: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 12/5/04 ...................... 27 Figure A-11: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 21/7/04 ...................... 28 Figure A-12: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 25/8/04 ...................... 28 Figure A-13: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 6/10/04 ...................... 29 Figure A-14: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 20/10/04..................... 29 Figure A-15: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 10/11/04..................... 30

  • v

    Figure A-16: Pollution rose for when PM10 exceeded the NEPM standard 3/1/05........................30 Figure A-17: Benzene pollution rose25/2/04 ................................................................31 Figure A-18: Benzene pollution rose23/3/04 ................................................................31 Figure A-19: Benzene pollution rose25/3/04 ................................................................32 Figure A-20: Toluene pollution rose25/2/04.................................................................33 Figure A-21: Toluene pollution rose23/3/04.................................................................33 Figure A-22: Toluene pollution rose25/3/04.................................................................34 Figure A-23: Toluene pollution rose14/5/04.................................................................34

    List of Tables

    Table 1: Summary of PM10 particulate levels measured at Birkenhead, Netley and Kensington .. 5 Table 2: Dates when PM10 levels exceeded the 50 g/m3 standard ................................... 7 Table 3: Dates of high benzene levels and the direction from which they were detected ......... 9 Table 4: Toluene and the direction from which it came.................................................10

  • vii

    Summary

    The South Australian Environment Protection Authority began monitoring airborne pollutants at Jenkins Street, Birkenhead, in response to a proposed re-development of the Port River area at Birkenhead.

    As no information about air pollutants was provided with the plan amendment report (PAR) the EPA needed baseline data to be able to respond to the application. A monitoring program was begun to provide this. It was set up on vacant land (a potential development site) directly opposite the Port Adelaide Sailing Club and, to sample through seasonal variation, was conducted between 6 December 2003 and 3 January 2005.

    Substances measured throughout the survey were: particulate matter less than 10 m in diameter (PM10), nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, benzene, toluene, formaldehyde and naphthalene. Meteorological data was collected from 6 April 2004. Data prior to this is from another EPA meteorological station located at Osborne, 4.5 km north north-east of the hot spot monitoring site.

    Measurements were compared to the National Environment Protection (Air Quality) Measure (Air Quality NEPM) and other international health guidelines (WHO, EPAQS-UK). The Air Quality NEPM standard for PM10 was used as a guideline. It should be noted that the NEPM goal does not cover peak or hot spot sites, unless the site has been deemed a NEPM monitoring site by the National Environment Protection Council.

    Results The PM10 NEPM standard of 50 g/m3 was exceeded 16 times during the monitoring

    period, making it the most affected area in metropolitan Adelaide so far identified.

    Ten minute average benzene levels greater than 100 g/m3 were measured on a number of occasions. Maximum 1-hour concentration of benzene exceeded 50 g/m3

    on two occasions.

    Elevated toluene levels (below WHO

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