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IDEALISM - 東京農工大学web.tuat.ac.jp/~gaia/MPPsympo/  · PDF file 2012. 6. 8. · IDEALISM (Throw Away Living, Life Magazine, 1955) REALITY. WESTERN NPG EXPEDITION 2012 –

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  • IDEALISM (Throw Away Living, Life Magazine, 1955)

  • REALITY

  • WESTERN NPG EXPEDITION 2012 – Majuro Atoll to Tokyo, Japan

    INDIAN OCEAN

    NORTH PACIFIC

    SOUTH PACIFIC SOUTH ATLANTIC

    NORTH ATLANTIC

  • IN 20 hrs of timed observations we saw 151 pieces

    Courtesy of Hank Carson, UH Hilo, Hawaii

  • DISTRIBUTION OF DEBRIS BY CATEGORY

    Courtesy of Hank Carson, UH Hilo, Hawaii

  • GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF

    PLASTIC POLLUTION

  • Plastic Pollution Accumulation Zones (Lebreton et al., Mar. Pol. Bul., 2012)

    INDIAN OCEAN

    NORTH PACIFIC

    SOUTH PACIFIC SOUTH ATLANTIC

    NORTH ATLANTIC

    North Pacific Gyre N. Atlantic Gyre Indian Ocean Gyre South Pacific Gyre S. Atlantic Gyre

  • North Atlantic Gyre

  • North Atlantic Gyre

  • North Atlantic Gyre - Mats of sargassum trap plastic

  • North Atlantic Gyre

  • North Pacific Gyre – 2008

  • North Pacific Gyre

  • North Pacific Gyre

  • Indian Ocean Gyre

    14,817,185km2

  • Indian Ocean Gyre

  • South Atlantic Gyre

  • South Atlantic Gyre

  • South Pacific Gyre

  • South Pacific Gyre

  • SOUTH PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCH

  • GARBAGE PATCHES AND HOTSPOTS

    INDIAN OCEAN

    NORTH PACIFIC

    SOUTH PACIFIC SOUTH ATLANTIC

    NORTH ATLANTIC

    HOTSPOT HOTSPOT HOTSPOT

  • FATE OF PLASTIC POLLUTION IN THE

    MARINE ENVIRONMENT

  • SOUTH PACIFIC GARBAGE PATCH

    1-2.79 mm particles

    greater than all smaller sizes?

  • LIMITATIONS OF METHODS & VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION OF PLASTIC

  • UV DEGRADATION & EMBRITTLEMENT

  • www.sea.edu

    6000 surface tows in the North Atlantic spanning 22 years

    Courtesy of SEA Education Association – Woods Hole, MA

  • 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0

    0.5

    1

    1.5

    2

    2.5

    3

    3.5

    x 104

    Av er

    ag e

    pl as

    tic c

    on ce

    nt ra

    tio n

    (p ie

    ce s

    km -2

    )

    Year

    Trend: 117 ± 196 pieces km-2 year-1

    r2 = 0.016, P > 0.1

    www.sea.edu

    No significant increase in 22 years

    Courtesy of SEA Education Association – Woods Hole, MA

  • WASHED ASHORE - Azores, North Atlantic

  • WASHED ASHORE - Easter Island, South Pacific

  • DOES INGESTION, ENTANGLEMENT, BIOMASS = NEGATIVE BUOYANCY

  • MICOBIAL DECOMPOSITION AT SEA

  • SUMMARY OF THE PROBLEM OF

    PLASTIC POLLUTION

  • GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION, INGESTION, VECTOR FOR POPs

  • LITTER AND DESIGN PROBLEM

  • WASTE MANAGEMENT PROBLEM

  • YAMUNA RIVER – New Delhi, India

  • But unlike most oil spills, Plastic Pollution is:

    Non-biodegradable

    Occurs in international waters

    No corporate responsibility

    Plastic Pollution is a Petroleum Spill

  • FOCUS ON SOLUTIONS TO

    PLASTIC POLLUTION

  • THE HONEST BROKER

  • School recycling

    Bring Your Own

  • Pyrolosis

    Biopolymers

    Biopolymers

    Voluntary

    EPR

  • Bad design obsolete

    Structural Controls

    Plasma Gasification

  • MAY 24, 2012

    LOS ANGELES

    BANS

    PLASTIC BAGS

    Thanks to:

    Clean Seas Coalition

    Heal the Bay

    Environment California

    ….and many others.

  • LOW TECH, LOW COST, LOW TEMP, SAFE, ECONOMIC INCENTIVE

  • NEXT STEPS

    FOR

    5 GYRES

  • TSUNAMI DEBRIS FIELD EXPEDITION

  • •  Type and abundance of debris

    •  Rafting communities of marine organisms

    •  Population density of Halobates

    •  POPs in ambient seawater/plastic

    •  DNA of microbes on plastic/seawater

    RESEARCH GOALS OF TSUNAMI DEBRIS FIELD EXPEDITION

  • GREAT LAKES EXPEDITION, Summer 2012

  • BAY OF BENGAL HOT SPOT, 2013

    Bay of Bengal

  • INSPIRE AMBASSADORS FOR OCEAN CONSERVATION

  • CITIZEN SCIENTIST – TRAVEL TRAWL LOAN PROGRAM

  • TRAVELING EXHIBIT 2013

  • Learn More

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