Glossary of Railway Terms

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Glossario de Termos Ferrovirios em Ingles.

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<ul><li><p>Glossary of Railway Terms </p><p>AAR: Association of American Railroads The central coordinating and research agency of the American railway industry. This agency deals with matters of common concern in the whole field of railroading from operations to public relations. </p><p>AAR Car Type Standard coding scheme for classifying cars, composed of a leading alpha character to describe the general type of car (e.g. box car) and three numeric digits, each describing a separate characteristic of the car. </p><p>AAR Pool Number A seven-digit numeric code assigned to pools reported to the Association of American Railroads (AAR). </p><p>AAR Pool Type An alpha character code designated by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) that defines the type of pool, e.g. G is a pool containing contaminated cars. </p><p>Abandon A proceeding wherein a carrier seeks authority to abandon all or parts of its route. </p><p>Abandonment of Freight Freight that is refused due to damage in transit. </p><p>Absorption of Charges A carriers payment of switching or other special charges out of its share of the earnings, to another carrier, without increase of the rate or change to the shipper. </p><p>Absolute Control Order A high priority control order entered by Car Management to direct the movement of empty cars. Certain event reports trigger an automatic application of cars to an ACO. </p><p>Acceptance Receipt by the consignee of a shipment. </p><p>Accessorial Service A service rendered by a carrier in addition to a transportation service, such as stopping in transit to complete loading or to partially unload, heating, and storage. </p><p>Act of God An irresistible superhuman cause, such as no reasonable human foresight, prudence, diligence and care can anticipate or prevent. </p><p>Actual Value Rates Rates published to correspond to the actual value of the property offered for transportation. </p><p>Ad Valorem According to value. </p><p>Advance Charge The amount of freight or other charge on a shipment advanced by one carrier to another, or to the </p></li><li><p>shipper, to be collected from the consignee. </p><p>Advance Consist A train document which is either automatically generated to a downline reporting station when a trains departure is reported or is requested via train document requests. This document includes cars sorted by train blocks, reported to arrive at a location on a particular train. Information concerning the car such as load/empty status, commodity, consignee, and destination data is also included. </p><p>Advance Notice Notification to the customer of intended action or an approaching event. </p><p>Agency Legal agreement or contractual arrangement by which one party is authorized to act as the representative, or in place of another. </p><p>Agent A person authorized to transact business for and in the name of another. </p><p>Agreed Valuation The value of a shipment agreed upon to give the shipper a specific rating and the carrier a definite liability. </p><p>Agreed Weight The weight prescribed by agreement between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in certain packages or in a certain manner in order to circumvent weighing. </p><p>Air Problems Any issues associated with the train line or air brake system, including leaking gasket, etc. </p><p>Allowance 1. A deduction from weight or value of shipment 2. An amount given in repayment. </p><p>Alternative Routing Clause A provision that carriers may, if necessary, use routes other than usual or designated routes; the rates shown in tariff will apply. </p><p>Alternative Rates Provision in a tariff that whichever of two or more rates produces the lowest charge may be used. </p><p>Amended Items When, through error or changed conditions, it is necessary to change the provisions of an item in a transportation publication, the change is made by issuing an amended item in full, in its revised form. </p><p>Amendment A change, correction, or alteration. </p><p>Angle Bars Short pieces of steel used to join track sections to other sections or track structures. </p><p>Anticipated Consist (Inbound) A list requested prior to the receipt of a Detail Advance Consist that is customized to show all the cars scheduled to arrive at a given location. </p><p>Any Quantity Rate </p></li><li><p>A rate that applies regardless of the amount shipped. </p><p>Application of Rates The points, from, to, or between, which the rates and routes shown in the tariff apply. </p><p>Application of Tariff The territory, or points within a territory, from, to, or between which the provisions and rates shown in the tariff apply. </p><p>Area of Responsibility The geographical territory that is the responsibility of a particular section of an Operations Control Center. </p><p>Arrival Notice A notice, furnished to the consignee, of the arrival of freight. </p><p>Assignee One to whom a right or property is transferred. </p><p>Assignor One by who a right or property is transferred. </p><p>Astray Freight Freight which bears marks indicating owner and destination, but for which no billing is found. </p><p>Audit Number A freight station accounting code (FSAC); a carrier-assigned unique number for every station that originates billing. Accounting systems use audit numbers and billing roads to identify stations. </p><p>Authority of Law When property being transported is sized by lawfully authorized authorities and taken from the carrier, and the carrier notifies the consignor of the seizure. </p><p>Autobill System whereby a customer service representative can create a paper hardcopy of a waybill at the same time the waybill is prepared and sent via computer. </p><p>Autorack A rail car used to transport automobiles. It usually contains three ramps and metal side panels to protect the automobiles. </p><p>Average Agreement (Demurrage) An agreement between the shipper or receiver of goods and a transportation line by which the shipper or receiver is charged for cars held over a specified free time and given credit for cars released in less than the specified time. This is usually averaged at the end of each month. </p><p>Back Haul To handle a shipment in the direction of the light flow of traffic. </p><p>Bad Order A freight car loaded improperly, mechanically defective, or has safety violations. </p><p>Basing Point A point in which the to and from rates are used in constructing through rates between other points. </p></li><li><p>Behind X Trims Trims are sorted tracks of cars in a hump yard pulled out of the sorting tracks and coupled to make up outbound trains. </p><p>Belt Line A short line operating within and/or around a city. </p><p>Beneficial Owner The actual owner of the lading, who is using a consolidator. </p><p>Bi-Level A freight car that has two decks, an upper and a lower, and is designed for transporting automobiles. </p><p>Billed Weight The weight shown in a freight bill. </p><p>Bill of Lading A shipping form which is both a receipt for property and a contract for delivery of goods by a carrier. </p><p>Billing Carrier (Bill Road) The carrier performing the first-line haul service of the movement. This carrier is responsible for preparing the waybill document. </p><p>Block (Operating) Unit in which a group of cars are moved towards the same destination. </p><p>Block (Revenue) Groups of points considered together for rate-making purposes in connection with the express business. </p><p>Blocking or Bracing Wood or metal supports to keep shipments in place in or on railcars and trailers. </p><p>Bond of Indemnity An agreement made with a carrier relieving it from liability for any action on its part for which it would otherwise be liable. </p><p>Bonded Warehouse A warehouse owned by persons approved by the Treasury Department, under bond or guarantee for the strict observance of revenue laws, utilized for storing goods until duties are paid or goods are otherwise properly released. </p><p>Box Car A car with sides enclosed and having a roof; doors are placed in the sides or sides and ends. </p><p>Brake Beam The rigging under a freight car that connects the brake shoe with the air cylinder. </p><p>Brake Shoe The mechanical device activated by air pressure or by end, which pushes against the wheel and creates friction, producing a stopping action. </p><p>Branch Line A rail line serving one or more stations beyond the point of junction with the mainline or another branch line. </p></li><li><p>Break Bulk To remove all or a portion of the contents of a car for transportation to points beyond. </p><p>Break Bulk Point The point at which a portion or all of the contents of a car are unloaded and distributed. </p><p>Bridge Move A railroad movement involving at least three road-haul carriers at which a specific railroad is neither the first nor the last carrier. </p><p>Broker An individual who acts as an agent for a customer who is attempting to route a care to a customer in Mexico or Canada. </p><p>Brokerage License Authority granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission to persons to engage in the business of arranging for transportation of persons or property in interstate commerce. </p><p>Building Trains Assembling sorted cars in proper sequence for outbound departure. </p><p>Bulk Train made up of a single bulk commodity and car type. Bulk commodities include coal, grain, soda ash and ore. </p><p>Bulk Freight Freight not in packages or containers. </p><p>Bulkhead A permanent load securement device attached crosswise of a car that is used to prevent lengthwise movement of lading and/or to restrain or contain the lading into sections. </p><p>Bunching The accumulation and tender of cars for loading or unloading in excess of orders or contrary to customary schedules. </p><p>Caboose A freight train car usually attached to the rear of a train for the use of trainmen in giving and receiving signals, handling car records, and performing other duties. </p><p>Cancellation of Rate or Tariff Removing the application of a rate or rates or tariff b appropriate supplemental cancellation. </p><p>Capacity Amount of freight which can be carried in a railcar or trailer expressed in terms of weight and measurement. </p><p>Car Cycle The time a car is on a railway system without changing its load/empty status or having a new waybill issued for the car. </p><p>Car Hire Allowance A charge issued by the owner of a rail car. </p></li><li><p>Car Lining Material placed on the walls or floor of a car for protection of goods. </p><p>Car Mile A unit used in comparing freight earnings, or the amount earned from or the cost of hauling a car of freight one mile. </p><p>Car Pooling The pooling of certain equipment that is owned by two or more railroads under a central control or agency for the benefit of car owners and users. </p><p>Car Scheduling A system of assigning a trip plan that is based primarily on waybill data. Cars are scheduled to the first available train that may carry the specific type of traffic into which they are categorized. </p><p>Car Service Rules Rules established by agreement between railroads in connection with the interchange of cars, dealing primarily with the selection of cars for loading and the return of foreign cars to the home road, loaded or empty. </p><p>Car Set Out Bad order in a train that has a mechanical defect and must be set out on line for repairs. </p><p>Cargo The lading of a vessel. </p><p>Carload The quantity of freight required for the application of a carload rate, or a car loaded to its weight or space-carrying capacity. </p><p>Carload Minimum Weight The least weight which a shipment is charged to obtain the carload rate. </p><p>Carload Rate The rate applicable to a shipment which equals, exceeds, or is charged for the carload minimum weight. </p><p>Carrier An individual, partnership, or corporation engaged in the business of transporting goods or persons. </p><p>Carriers Lien The right of a carrier to retain property it has transported as security for the freight charges. </p><p>Cartage Pick up or delivery of freight within the commercial zone of a city by the local carrier acting as an agent for the shipper or over-the-rail carrier. </p><p>Certificate of Origin A certified document as to the origin of the goods which is sometimes required in connection with foreign traffic. </p><p>Certificate of Weight An authoritative statement of the weight of a shipment. </p><p>Chassis </p></li><li><p>A rubber-tired trailer under-frame upon which containers are mounted for street or highway movement. </p><p>Claim Trace A request for advice concerning the status of a claim. </p><p>Claims A demand, supported by evidence, to show that the claimant has sustained a loss through the negligence of a carrier. These include damage claims, loss claims, overcharge claims, and reparation claims. </p><p>Class and Commodity Tariff One which contains both class and commodity rates </p><p>Class 1 Railroads Railroads with annual revenue above $1,000,000. </p><p>Class II Railroads Railroads with annual revenue from $100,000 to $999,999. </p><p>Class III Railroads Railroads with an annual revenue lower than Class II railroads. </p><p>Class Tariff A publication containing only class rates. </p><p>Classification Yard The place where cars are segregated by the carriers according to their destinations or delivers and made ready for proper train movement or delivery. </p><p>Classification (freight) A publication containing a list of articles and the classes to which they are assigned for the purpose of applying class rates. </p><p>Classification Job A switch engine moving cars from track to track within a classification yard to organize them in groups for their outbound move. </p><p>Clean Bill of Lading A bill of lading receipted by carrier for merchandise in good condition, which does ot bear such notations as shippers load and count. </p><p>Cleaning in Transit The stopping of articles in transit between points of origin and destination for cleaning, such as dried beans or peanuts. </p><p>Clear Record A record showing that a shipment was handled without loss or damage. </p><p>Clearance The amount of space above and beside transportation lines when they pass through tunnels or over bridges. </p><p>Clearance Tables Publications showing the clearance on rail lines, together with information such as the height of cars </p></li><li><p>that will pass specified points. </p><p>Clearing House A mutual agreement between railroads for the use of each others empty cars of specified mechanical designation without regard to some car service rules. </p><p>Cleat A strip of wood or metal used to add strength, prevent warping, or hold in position. </p><p>CLM Car Location Message. That part of the fleet system which deals with providing the fleet operator with information on car movement data for all cars in the fleet. </p><p>Closed Van Unit with metal sides and top completely enclosing the freight being transported. </p><p>Collector of Customs A representative of the US Treasury Department acting for the government in connection with foreign traffic. </p><p>Combination Rate A rate made by combining two or more local rates. </p><p>Combination Through Rate The rate that applies from origin to destination over a through route that does not enjoy a joint through rate and is made by combining two or more separate factors. </p><p>Commercial Zone Geographical area of commercial influence of a specified point. </p><p>Commodity Any article of commerce. Goods shipped. </p><p>Commodity Pool An assignment of cars established to handle a particular commodity, having no specific assignment location. </p><p>Commodity Rate A rate applied to a given article between sp...</p></li></ul>