FRENCH SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES A FOCUS ON FRENCH SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES: A FOCUS ON USE PRELIMINARY

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  • FRENCH SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURES:

    A FOCUS ON USE PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM THE GEOBS PROJECT

    Financial partners : Région Nouvelle Aquitaine, CNRS, Université de Bordeaux Montaigne

    JADE GEORIS-CREUSEVEAU (CNRS - UMR PASSAGES)

    MATTHIEU NOUCHER (CNRS – UMR PASSAGES) FRANÇOISE GOURMELON (CNRS – UMR LETG)

  • WHY A RESEARCH PROJECT ABOUT FRENCH SDIS?

    WHY A FOCUS ON SDIS USE?

  • LARGE NUMBER OF

    FRENCH SDIS

    THE NATIONAL CONTEXT National and sub-

    national SDIs in European Union

    member states from 2009 to

    2011 (source:

    EUROGI/eSDI-net 2014)

    CURRENT TERRITORIAL REFORM THAT MERGES 22 REGIONS INTO 13

    COMPLEX SPATIAL INFORMATION UNIVERSE COMPRISING REDUNDANCIES, MERGES, COMPETITION

  • THE PROJECT CONTEXT: GEOBS

    systems interoperability

    actor networking

    data accessibility

    DATA and SERVICES

    USERS

    PROMOTERS

    informational equality

    PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE VIEW OF INSTITUTIONAL SPATIAL DATA SHARING IN FRANCE

    4 DIMENSIONS

    3 AXIS

  • THE PROJECT CONTEXT: GEOBS

    systems interoperability

    actor networking

    data accessibility

    DATA and SERVICES

    USERS

    PROMOTERS

    informational equality

    PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE VIEW OF INSTITUTIONAL SPATIAL DATA SHARING IN FRANCE

    4 DIMENSIONS

    3 AXIS

    http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/6/4/99

    http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/6/4/99 http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/6/4/99 http://www.mdpi.com/2220-9964/6/4/99

  • JUSTIFIED BY: LOW ATTENTION TO THE STUDY OF SDI USERS SDIS ARE LARGE AND COMPLEX WEB-BASED SYSTEMS SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL COMPONENTS

    RESEARCH QUESTIONS:

    WHO ARE THE USERS?

    WHAT KIND OF SDIS DO THEY USE?

    HOW DO THEY USE SDIS?

    WHAT ARE THE CHANGES OVER TIME?

    FOCUS ON SDIS USE

  • DATA COLLECTION: ONLINE SURVEYS IN 2012 AND 2017 BASED ON SIMILAR QUESTIONS

    DATA ANALYSIS: SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS

    USERS CONSIDERED: PUBLIC BODIES WORKING FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT (GOVERNMENT SERVICE, LOCAL AUTHORITY, PUBLIC INSTITUTION...)

    CORPUS:

    2012 2017 in common

    SDIs 141 99 29

    Users 446 256 unknown

    FOCUS ON SDIS USE

  • WHO ARE THE USERS?

    WHAT ARE THE CHANGES BETWEEN 2012 AND 2017?

  • 0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Local Regional National European and International

    2012

    2017

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Other Decision maker Geomatics specialist

    Domain specialist

    0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    70%

    80%

    90%

    100%

    Other Territorial agencies

    Private companies Government departements

    Little change between 2012 and 2017

    Organisation

    Institutional level

    Professional position

  • WHAT KIND OF SDIS DO THE USERS USE?

    WHAT ARE THE CHANGES BETWEEN 2012 AND 2017?

  • 64%

    35%

    1%

    2012

    multiple domains data unique domain data

    remote sensing data

    67%

    30%

    3%

    2017

    multiple domains data unique domain data

    remote sensing data

    2012 2017

    Institutional level n % n %

    Global 20 14 3 3

    European 5 4 4 4

    National 28 20 33 33

    Regional 44 31 38 38

    Department 24 17 17 17

    Municipal 20 14 6 6

    Total 141 100% 99 100%

    little change between 2012 and 2017

  • HOW DO THE USERS USE SDIS?

    WHAT ARE THE CHANGES BETWEEN 2012 AND 2017?

  • 13 Network of interactions

    User 1

    SDI 1

    SDI 5

    SDI 4

    SDI 3

    SDI 2

    User 2

    SDI 6

    User 3

    SOCIAL NETWORK ANALYSIS:

    ANALYSIS OF THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THE SDIS AND THEIR USERS

    2012 2017

    SDIs 141 99

    Users 446 256

    SDI

    USER

  • A FEW SDIS USED BY A LARGE NUMBER OF USERS MANY SDIS USED BY A SMALL NUMBER OF USERS OR ONLY ONE USER

    A FEW USERS USING A LARGE NUMBER OF SDIS

    MANY USERS USING ONE SDI OR A SMALL NUMBERS OF SDIS SDI

    USER

    2017 2012

  • A FEW SDIS USED BY A LARGE NUMBER OF USERS MANY SDIS USED BY A SMALL NUMBER OF USERS OR ONLY ONE USER

    SDI

    USER

    2017 2012 2012

    GEOPORTAIL GEOPORTAIL

    126 users 49 % of the total number of users

    CRIGE-PACA

    183 users 41 % of the total number of users

  • SDI

    USER

    2017 2012 2012

    10 SDIs 7 % of the total number of SDIs

    A FEW USERS USING A LARGE NUMBER OF SDIS

    MANY USERS USING ONE SDI OR A SMALL NUMBERS OF SDIS

    USER 46 USER 454

    20 SDIs 20 % of the total number of SDIs

  • SDI

    USER

    2017 2012 2012

    A FEW USERS USING A LARGE NUMBER OF SDIS

    MANY USERS USING ONE SDI OR A SMALL NUMBERS OF SDIS

    235 users use more than one SDI (53 % of the total number of users)

    179 users use more than one SDI (69 % of the total number of users)

  • MULTI-LEVEL REPRESENTATION - GRAPH LIMITED TO THE USERS USING MULTIPLE SDIS

    2012 2017

    municipal

    department

    regional

    national

    global

    USERS INVOLVED IN ALL LEVELS USE SDIS IMPLEMENTED FROM LOCAL TO GLOBAL LEVELS

  • 0%

    10%

    20%

    30%

    40%

    50%

    60%

    2012 SDIs

    Edges

    NATIONAL LEVEL

    REGIONAL LEVEL

    0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%

    2017 SDIs

    Edges

    MULTI-LEVEL REPRESENTATION - GRAPH LIMITED TO THE USERS USING MULTIPLE SDIS PROMINENT ROLE OF REGIONAL AND NATIONAL SDIS

  • EXTERNAL FACTORS

    actor networking

    data accessibility

    DATA and SERVICES

    USER

    PROMOTERS

    informational equality

    systems interoperability

    Put the “SDIs use” questions into perspective Bring some answers about environmental governance

  • Matthieu Noucher & Françoise Gourmelon

    Xavier Amelot Marina Duféal

    Pierre Gautreau Jade Georis-Creuseveau

    Adeline Maulpoix Karel Soumagnac-Colin

    Guy Melançon Julie Pierson Bruno Pinaud

    Nathalie Pinède Olivier Pissoat Mathias Rouan

    THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION

    GEOBS TEAM:

    http://geobs.cnrs.fr

    http://www-iuem.univ-brest.fr/pops/projects/geobs

    FOR MORE INFORMATION: