First Author Forum Rho GTPases: halfway island from gene to circuit Xiao-bing Yuan Neural Plasticity Group Institute of Neuroscience Shanghai Institutes

  • Published on
    08-Jan-2018

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Cajals drawing This fiber ends in an enlargement which may be rounded and subtle, but that may also adopt a conical appearance. This latter we shall name the growth cone, that at times displays fine and short extensions Growth cone appears to insinuate themselves between the surrounding elements, relentlessly forging a path through the interstitial matrix. It endowed with amoeboid movements. It could be compared to a living battering ram, soft and flexible, which advances, pushing aside mechanically the obstacles which it finds in its way, until it reaches the area of its peripheral distribution. Guide Post First Author Forum

Transcript

First Author Forum Rho GTPases: halfway island from gene to circuit Xiao-bing Yuan Neural Plasticity Group Institute of Neuroscience Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences Chinese Academy of Science Key steps in the development of neural network Neurogenesis Neuronal migration Axon pathfinding Synapse formation Cajals drawing This fiber ends in an enlargement which may be rounded and subtle, but that may also adopt a conical appearance. This latter we shall name the growth cone, that at times displays fine and short extensions Growth cone appears to insinuate themselves between the surrounding elements, relentlessly forging a path through the interstitial matrix. It endowed with amoeboid movements. It could be compared to a living battering ram, soft and flexible, which advances, pushing aside mechanically the obstacles which it finds in its way, until it reaches the area of its peripheral distribution. Guide Post First Author Forum Netrins Shh NTs Netrins Semaphorins Slits First Author Forum Cajals drawing This fiber ends in an enlargement which may be rounded and subtle, but that may also adopt a conical appearance. This latter we shall name the growth cone, that at times displays fine and short extensions Growth cone appears to insinuate themselves between the surrounding elements, relentlessly forging a path through the interstitial matrix. It endowed with amoeboid movements. It could be compared to a living battering ram, soft and flexible, which advances, pushing aside mechanically the obstacles which it finds in its way, until it reaches the area of its peripheral distribution. First Author Forum Receptor Cytoskeleton ? First Author Forum Rho GTPases First Author Forum Rho GTPases First Author Forum Genetic evidences GEFs GAPs Cdc42 Rac RhoA VASP Pak ROCK LOF GOF Axon pathfinding errors First Author Forum Cdc42/Rac1/ RhoA First Author Forum Instructive or permissive ? How ? Models for Rho GTPase functions in growth cone guidance. First Author Forum Conclusions: 1 Rho GTPases mediator 2 cAMP switch 3 crosstalk through myosin This is a fairly comprehensive study of Rho GTPase involvement in axonal turning in the Xenopus spinal cord. (Guan & Rao Nature Review Neuroscience, 2003) First Author Forum BDNF Ca 2+ Cdc42 Attraction ? LPA G 12/13 RhoA Repulsion ? Hypothesis First Author Forum Mediator The Housekeeping Technique Growth cone turning assay ( Poo assay ) Select cells with GFP fluorescence hr rt Turning Assay two-cell stage Fertilized egg Stage 22 dissociation Materials and methods First Author Forum cDNA Materials and methods First Author Forum Results First Author Forum LPA Y Figure 5. RhoA- and ROCK-dependent neurite inhibition or collapse induced by LPA. Results First Author Forum .. LPA Results First Author Forum First Author Forum 2001/5/13 Submission to Cell Results First Author Forum First Author Forum 2001/12/06 Resubmission to Cell First Author Forum 2002/4/30 Submission to Neuron First Author Forum 2002/6/24 Submission to NCB First Author Forum 2002/10/22 Resubmission to NCB First Author Forum Conclusions: 1 Instructive role 2 cAMP switch 3 crosstalk through myosin First Author Forum Implications: 1 Axon guidance signaling 2 Nerve regeneration 3 Synapse plasticity Things should be made as simple as possible, but not any simpler Albert Einstein First Author Forum Lessons: comprehensive First Author Forum Lessons: First Author Forum Lessons: First Author Forum Lessons: First Author Forum Lessons: First Author Forum Lessons: Dont make a comprehensive story. Dont evade the most important experiment. First Author Forum Questions remain to be clarified: 1 Signaling pathway for growth cone turning 2 Who guides the expression of guidance cues? Acknowledgement Prof. Mu-Ming Poo Dr. Yu- Qinag Ding Prof. Shumin Duan Dr. Yi-Zheng Wang Prof. Chienping Wu Dr. Xue-Liang Zhu Dr. Guo-Li Ming Dr. Gang Pei Dr. Lin-Ying Feng Ming Jin Xiao-Hua Xu Rotation students Thanks ! First Author Forum