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  • d.nichols

    $100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500$100$200$300$400$500Early AmericasMayas AztecsIncasConquist-adores Random

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    1-1001 - 100Where is Mesoamerica?a.the southern part of what is now Mexico and parts of the northern countries of Central Americab.the central United States and the northern part of Mexicoc.from present-day Panama to the southern end of the Amazond.from the southeastern United States and encompassing the islands of the Caribbean

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    1-100A1 - 100

    the southern part of what is now Mexico and parts of the northern countries of Central America

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    1-200 What is the most accepted theory as to how the first people arrived in the Americas?a.Sea travelers from islands in the South Pacific sailed to the Americas.b.People walked across a land bridge that crossed the Bering Strait.c.People traveled over frozen seas from northern Europe and then into North America.d.Sea travelers sailed across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa.

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    1-200A1 - 100b.People walked across a land bridge that crossed the Bering Strait.

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    1-300 Which crop helped establish a reliable food source for the early people in Mesoamerica?a. cacao beans c. beansb. maize d. squash

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    1-300A1 - 100b. maize

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    1-400In order to increase the amount of land to cultivate, farmers

    a.filled in large portions of swampland to create new crop fields.b.shaped nearby hillsides into flat terraces on which to plant crops.c.invaded neighboring peoples to take over cropland.d.flattened hills.

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    1-400A1 - 100b.shaped nearby hillsides into flat terraces on which to plant crops.

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    1-500The first people to arrive in the Americas werea.fishers from the west coast of Africa.b.farmers from northern Europe.c.hunter-gatherers.d.herders from Asia.

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    1-500A1 - 100c.hunter-gatherers.

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    2-1001 - 100What caused the collapse of the Maya civilization?a.European countries invaded.b.Diseases wiped out most of the population.c.Historians arent sure but think it was a mix of several factors.d.Several large earthquakes destroyed the Maya cities.

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    2-100A1 - 100c. Historians arent sure but think it was a mix of several factors.

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    2-200What significant mathematical concept did the Maya help develop?

    a.They developed geometry.b. They were one of the first peoples with a symbol for zero. c.They discovered pi.d.They were the first to work with algebra.

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    2-200A1 - 100b. They were one of the first peoples with a symbol for zero.

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    2-300What is the significance of the Popol Vuh?a.This book is a valuable source of information about the Maya.b.This book details the Spanish expeditions to the Americas.c.This book explains Maya mathematics.d.This book is a collection of all the important Maya songs.

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    2-300A1 - 100a.This book is a valuable source of information about the Maya.

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    2-400A tribute wasa.a payment to a more powerful ruler or country.b.a special musical ceremony performed by the citizens of conquered cities.c.the name given to the ruler of the Aztec Empire.d.a rare gem found along the shores of Lake Texcoco.

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    2-400A1 - 100a. a payment to a more powerful ruler or country.

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    2-500 The period during which the Maya spread to the Yucatn Peninsula is called thea. Great Migration.b. Yucatn Era.c. Classic Age.d. Golden Age.

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    2-500A1 - 100c. Classic Age.

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    3-1001 - 100Which of the following is the name for the type of floating gardens the Aztecs built? a.malinchista c.chinampas b.quipus d.causeway

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    3-100A1 - 100c.chinampas

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    3-200What prompted Moctezuma II to welcome Hernn Corts?a.Moctezuma thought that Corts was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.b.Moctezuma knew that Corts had a more powerful army.c.Moctezuma wanted to trick Corts into believing he was welcome.d.Moctezuma planned to make a secret alliance with Corts.

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    3-200A1 - 100a.Moctezuma thought that Corts was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl.

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    3-300A codexa. is the Aztec calendar.b. is the type of temple the Aztecs built.is the Aztec religion.d.is a book of historical records.

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    3-300A1 - 100d. is a book of historical records.

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    3-400 These great towns and pyramids and buildings rising from the water, all made of stone, seemed like an enchanted vision. . . It was all so wonderful that I do not know how to describe this first glimpse of things never heard of, seen, or dreamed of before.

    The speaker in the passage above isdescribing his first view of a European city.retelling a dream told to him by Moctezuma IIc.describing his first visit to Tenochtitln.d.explaining how the towns in the empire were organized.

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    3-400A1 - 100c.describing his first visit to Tenochtitln.

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    3-500 An Aztec community of families that shared land, schools, and a temple was calleda. a codex.c. a chinampab. the mita.d. a calpulli.

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    3-500A1 - 100d. a calpulli.

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    4-1001 - 100 Before the Europeans arrived, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitln was aa. group of farming villages with about 100,000 people.b. city with limited trade.c. center of the Catholic religion.d. thriving city with about 200,000 residents.

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    4-100A1 - 100d. thriving city with about 200,000 residents.

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    4-200Which of the following was not a reason the Spanish explorers and soldiers came to the Americas?a. to explore new landsb. to search for goldc. to spread the Catholic religion d. to gain religious freedom

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    4-200A1 - 100d. to gain religious freedom

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    4-300 What did the Spaniards unknowingly bring with them that helped them conquer the Aztecs?small insects that ate the Aztecs main cropsdeadly diseases, such as smallpoxc.stowaway slaves that helped the Spaniards in battled.horses

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    4-300A1 - 100b. deadly diseases, such as smallpox

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    4-400 Who was the Aztec woman who helped Corts defeat the Aztecs?a.Huitzilopochtlic.Malintzinb.Tlaloc d.Pachacuti

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    4-400A1 - 100c.Malintzin

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    4-500 Which of the following groups of people were the lowest class in Aztec society?a. farmers and slavesb. merchants and artisansc. priests and warriorsd. slaves and warriors

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    4-500A1 - 100a. farmers and slaves

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    5-1001 - 100Where did the first Incas live?

    a. in the northern part of what is now Mexicob. along the coastline of eastern South Americac. in the rain forests of the Amazond. in the Andes Mountains

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    5-100A1 - 100d. in the Andes Mountains

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    5-200 The capital city of the Inca Empire wasa. Chim.c. Cuzco.b. Nazca. d. Machu Pichu.

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    5-200A1 - 100c. Cuzco.

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    5-300Establishing Quechua as the official language of the Inca Empire was important becausea.only Inca leaders could speak it, which helped them hold on to their power.b.it was the only way the Incas could keep their religion secret.c.it helped them communicate with the conquistadors.d.it helped unify the empire.

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    5-300A1 - 100

    d.it helped unify the empire.

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    5-400The Inca labor tax system called the mita requireda.all Inca children to become laborers and travel to distant villages.b.Inca citizens to pay the government in labor instead of money.c.all citizens to serve in the army.d.each household to determine how best to support the government.

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    5-400A1 - 100b.Inca citizens to pay the government in labor instead of money.

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    Who was the leader of the Spanish conquistadors who invaded the Inca Empire?a.Hernn Corts c.Pachacutib. Francisco Pizarro d. Huamn Poma

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    5-500A1 - 100b. Francisco Pizarro

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    6-1001 - 100What were the main sources of food of the early people in the Americas?a. early types of corn and other vegetables that they could growb.various types of large birds such as turkeys, ducks, and geesec.fish and other foods from the sead.bison, woolly mammoths, fruits, nuts, and wild grains

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    6-100A1 - 100d.bison, woolly mammoths, fruits, nuts, and wild grains

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    6-200 Which of the following peoples formed the first urban civilization in Mesoamerica?a. the Mayac. the Chavnb. the Olmecd. the Zuni

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    6-200A1 - 100b. the Olmec

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    6-300What is obsidian?a.a spice used throughout the Maya civilizationb.a type of seashell that the Maya used as moneyc.a rare and valuable tree that produces the most beautiful lumberd.a glasslike volcanic rock that the Maya traded

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    6-300A1 - 100d.a glasslike volcanic rock that the Maya traded

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    6-400When early people learned to plant seeds and farm, what major impact did this have on their lives?

    a.They were able to settle in one place.b.They could bring their seeds with them as they moved from place to place.c.They could then focus on finding other sources of food.d.They had to set up food distribution systems.

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    6-400A1 - 100a.They were able to settle in one place.

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    6-500What was special about cacao beans?a.They had great value, were restricted to only the most important Maya, and used as money.b.They were used in very important religious ceremonies.c.They were used as the primary food for children throughout

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