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  • Country Presentation

    Sri Lanka

    Workshop on Capacity Development for Mainstreaming Energy SDGs

    Targets and Indicators into statistical Programmes in Asian Contries

    Organized by

    DSD / UNDESA in collaboration with UNSOD

    17th - 19th November 2015

    Incheon , Republic of Korea

    Mr Meril Gunathilake Mr H .A Vimal Nadeera Mr Asanji Susan Pathirana Ms Iresha Shyamali Mr Satharasingha Arachige

  • OUTLINE

    Country at a Glance

    Policy Framework

    Institutional Framework

    Development of Renewable Energy

    Energy Management Programme

    2

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • PHYSICAL FEATURES AND CLIMATE

    Area Total area : 65,610 sq.km.

    Land area : 62,705 sq.km.

    Inland waters : 2,905 sq.km.

    Climate Low country : min. 24.3C - max. 32.0C

    Hill country : min. 18.3 C - max. 27.0C

    Annual Rainfall (average) mm : 2013 : 1,687

    2014 : 2,136

    3

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

    Mid-year population (000) in 2014 : 20,675

    Population density (2014) : 330 persons per sq.km.

    Human Development Index (2013) : 0.750

    Rank among 187 countries : 73

    Employment (2014)

    Employed persons (000) : 8,424

    Agriculture : 28.5%

    Industry : 26.5%

    Services : 45.0% 4

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS

    Growth of mid-year population (%) 0.9

    Un employment rate (% of labour force)- 4.3

    Per Capita GDP 3625 US$

    Exchange Rate

    Annual average (Rs/US$)- 130.56

    Year End 131.05

    5 Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • Government employees (000) : 1,330

    State sector : 51.3%

    Provincial public sector : 29.0%

    Semi government sector : 19.7%

    Expectation of Life at Birth (2013) : 74.3

    Literacy Rate (2013)

    Average : 92.5%

    Male : 93.5%

    Female : 91.6%

    6 Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • Energy Sector Primary Energy Supply by Sources:

    - Petroleum & Coal : 49.8%

    - Biomass : 43.3%

    - Large hydro : 4.3%

    - NREs (Small hydro, wind, solar): 2.6%

    Energy Consumption by Sectors: - Industry : 25.4 %

    - Transport : 28.8 %

    - Domestic & Commercial : 45.8 %

    Electricity Sector: - Total Installed Capacity : 3900 MW

    - Peak Load : 2200 MW

    - HH electrification : 99% (Grid Access - 96% + Off-grid - 3%)

    COUNTRY AT A GLANCE

    Generation by Source

    - Hydro : 30%

    - Thermal : 60%

    - NRE : 10%

    NRE Capacities

    - Small hydro : 310 MW

    - Wind : 125 MW

    - Solar : 15 MW

    - Biomass : 20 MW

  • Sustainable Development

    Development that meets the needs of the

    present without compromising the ability

    of future generations to meet their own

    needs

  • NATIONAL ENERGY SCENARIO

    Major Hydro

    Coal New RE

    Oil

    Major Hydro

    Coal New RE

    Oil

    Biomass

    Primary Energy

    Supply by Source

    Source: SLEB-2013, SLSEA

    Gross Electricity

    Generation of

    Grid Connected

    Power Plants

    Role of RE in Energy Sector

  • NATIONAL ENERGY SCENARIO

    Source: SLEB-2013, SLSEA

    Role of RE in Energy Sector

    Large Hydro 50.1%

    Oil 28.0%

    Coal 12.2%

    New RE 9.8%

    Industrial Sector Household, Commercial & others Sector

    Electricity Sector Transport Sector

    Biomass 77.2%

    Petroleum 8.1%

    Electricity 14.7%

    Biomass 72.7%

    Petroleum 11.0%

    Coal 2.6%

    Electricity 13.6%

    Gasoline 28.1%

    Diesel 59.4%

    Av. Fuel 12.5%

  • National Development Policies and Strategies

    Election Manifesto of New H.E. the President Section

    10: An Energy Secure Sri Lanka

    Haritha Lanka Programme: Action plan of the National

    Council for Sustainable Development

    Provincial Sustainable Energy Policies / Plans (in

    progress)

    Energy Sector Policies and Strategies

    Sri Lanka Energy Sector Development Plan for a

    Knowledge-based Economy 2015-2025

    National Energy Policy and Strategies

    National targets (20% grid electricity by NRE & 2000

    GWh of electricity saving by 2020)

    Sustainable Energy Policy / 100% RE Policy (draft).

    POLICY FRAMEWORK

  • Key Agencies

    Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA)

    Duel role as regulator and facilitator.

    Ministry of Power & Energy Energy policy & planning

    - Ceylon Electricity Board (Generation, transmission & distribution)

    - Lanka Electric Company (Distribution)

    - Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (Fuel quality)

    Public Utilities Commission of SL Sector governance

    Other Stakeholder Institutions

    Ministry of Finance & Planning Fiscal policies

    Ministry of Environment Environment policies; CC

    - Central Environmental Authority (Environment / waste regulations)

    Universities and R&D Institutions RD&D, Training

    GOs; ESCOs, NGOs, CBOs, Technology suppliers, ...

    INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

  • Resource Planning

    Strategic Approach

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

    RESOURCE MAPS

    RESOURCE INVENTORY

    TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP

    Technical

    Potential

    Socio-

    Environmental

    Potential

    Policy

    Targets

  • RE Resource Maps

    Solar Wind Hydro

    (kWh/m2/yr)

    RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES

    Biomass

    Biomass Potential Areas

    Hydro Potential Areas

    River Network

  • RE Resource Inventory No District Biomass Solar Wind Hydro Total 1 Ampara 30 0 0 0 30 2 Anuradhapura 15 30 0 2 47

    3 Badulla 15 0 60 61 136

    4 Batticaloa 15 0 0 0 15

    5 Colombo 40 0 0 0 40

    6 Galle 15 0 0 12 27

    7 Gampha 5 0 0 0 5

    8 Hambantota 15 100 60 1 176

    9 Jaffna 0 0 100 0 100

    10 Kalutara 30 0 0 3 33

    11 Kandy 15 0 30 80 125

    12 Kegalle 0 0 0 94 94

    13 Kilinochchi 15 30 60 0 105

    14 Kurunegala 30 30 0 0 60

    15 Mannar 0 0 260 0 260

    16 Matale 0 0 30 38 68

    17 Matara 15 0 0 13 28

    18 Monaragala 30 15 0 6 51

    19 Mullaittivu 15 0 30 0 45

    20 Nuwara Eliya 0 0 60 133 193

    21 Polonnaruwa 15 30 0 8 53

    22 Puttalam 15 0 260 0 275

    23 Ratnapura 0 0 30 151 181

    24 Trincomalee 15 0 30 0 45

    25 Vavuniya 15 15 0 0 30

    Total 360 250 1010 602 2222

    RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES

  • Legal Framework for Grid Electricity

    Regulation for resource allocation and project

    development (for on-grid renewable energy projects)

    Technology specific, cost reflective FiT (20 yr SPPA)

    Net-metering (Up to contract demand; < 1MW).

    The Historical Progress

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

    Wind

    Small Hydro

    Biomass

    Solar SPPA

    160 Plants

    410 MW

    Net-Metering

    3000+ PV

    plants

    15 MW

  • SUCCESS STORIES

    17

    Solar Net Metering: - 3000+ Systems

    - 15 MW

    - 100+ Companies

    EV + Hybrid Cars - 50,000+ Systems

    0

    10000

    20000

    30000

    40000

    50000

    60000

    2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Nu

    mb

    er o

    f F

    irst

    Reg

    istr

    ati

    on

    s (C

    ars

    )

    Year

    Diesel

    Petrol

    Hybrid /Electric

  • Thermal Energy Applications

    No specific regulation for resource allocation /

    project development

    Implemented mainly - by industries / commercial establishments themselves; and

    - as rural development programs facilitated through government

    funding.

    Main Programmes

    Basic energy needs / rural energy services - National biogas programme

    - Biomass dryers for processing of agricultural / food products

    - Solar water pumping

    - Improved cookstoves.

    Promoting sustainable biomass energy production &

    modern bio-energy technologies UNDP/GEF/FAO

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Implementation Plan - SLSEA

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME

    Regulations Energy Services Awareness Financing

    Acc

    red

    itatio

    n o

    f E

    nerg

    y M

    an

    ag

    er / E

    nerg

    y A

    ud

    itor

    Energy Efficient Building

    Code

    Secto

    r sp

    ecific

    en

    erg

    y e

    fficie

    nc

    y

    pro

    gra

    mm

    es

    (Ho

    tel, T

    ea, W

    ate

    r P

    um

    pin

    g, G

    ov. S

    ecto

    r Bu

    ildin

    gs,

    )

    Energy Labeling

    of Appliances

    Pro

    ject fo

    rmu

    latio

    n a

    nd

    im

    ple

    men

    tatio

    n th

    rou

    gh

    ES

    CO

    s

    Pro

    vid

    e s

    op

    his

    ticate

    d in

    stru

    men

    ts

    for e

    nerg

    y a

    ud

    iting

    Su

    sta

    inab

    le G

    uara

    nte

    e F

    acility

    Co

    nd

    uct T

    rain

    ing

    an

    d A

    wa

    ren

    ess

    Pro

    gra

    mm

    es

    Introduction of

    Energy subject to

    School curricula

    Imp

    lem

    en

    ting

    Natio

    nal E

    nerg

    y

    Aw

    ard

    Industry

    Commercial

    General

    Public

    Man

    dato

    ry E

    nerg

    y A

    ud

    iting

    / C

    on

    su

    mp

    tion

    Data

    Rep

    ortin

    g

    Fuel economy

    standards Transport

    ISO

    50001

    En

    erg

    y M

    an

    ag

    em

    en

    t Syste

    m

    19

  • Thank You

  • National Targets (by 2020)

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME

    21

    Technology / Process

    Annual

    Saving

    (GWh)

    Technology / Process

    Annual

    Saving

    (GWh)

    Energy Labeling Program Efficient motors 185

    Ceiling Fans 35 Building Management

    System 20

    Tubular Fluorescent

    Lamps 65

    Eliminating Incandescent

    Lamps 205

    Magnetic Ballasts 80 Solar water heaters 5

    Refrigerators 16 Telecommunication 10

    Efficient lighting 173 Efficient air compressors 11

    Air Conditioning 250 Efficient office equipment 16

    ISO 50001 375 Green Buildings 550

    Total 1,990 GWh

  • Code of Practice for Energy Efficiency Buildings Established to improve energy performance of buildings

    Implemented in 2008 for commercial buildings

    Now under revision for further improvements (Regulation)

    Energy Efficiency Building Guideline for residential

    buildings is under development.

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

  • Accreditation of Energy Manager / Energy Auditor To improving energy efficiency performances in industrial

    & commercial organizations.

    Target Group

    - Annual Electricity Consumption > 600,000 kWh or

    - Annual Thermal Energy Consumption > 4500 TOE

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

    1525 Consumers

    (20% of the population)

    80% of the

    Consumption 3740 GWh

  • Energy Labeling of Appliances CFL

    - Mandatory programme in full implementation

    - More than 80% penetration in households

    - Savings: 280 GWh/yr (~300 MW peak load)

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

    0

    5,000

    10,000

    15,000

    20,000

    25,000

    30,000

    35,000

    200

    1

    200

    2

    200

    3

    200

    4

    200

    5

    200

    6

    200

    7

    200

    8

    200

    9

    201

    0

    201

    1

    201

    2

    201

    3

    CFL and IL Imports

    CFLs IFLs

    Nu

    mb

    er

    of

    lam

    ps (

    in '000)

    Year

  • Energy Labeling of Appliances Ceiling fans

    - Energy performance ratings have been finalized

    - About to implement

    Electric motors

    - Three energy efficiency classes proposed

    - Need a testing laboratory

    Other Appliances in consideration

    - Linear florescent lamps and Magnetic ballast

    - Refrigerators and Air-conditioners

    - LED lamps

    - Computers.

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

  • Energy Consumption Benchmarks Sector specific energy performances

    - Hotels, Tea, Hospitals, Water pumping/distribution, Government

    sector buildings, etc.

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1,000

    1,200

    1,400

    0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

    MWh/Year

    Annual Production (ton/year)

    Annual Electricity Consumption of Tea Factories

    High

    Middle

    Low

    Benchmark:

    0.63 kWh/kg

  • Transport Sector National programme on energy efficient and

    environmentally sound transport (E3ST) system

    - Driving cycles are being developed for establishing fuel economy

    standards.

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

    Sp

    ee

    d (

    km

    /h)

    Time (s)

    Colombo driving cycle:

    Average speed : 20.3 km/h

    Idling time : 20.5%

    Cruising time : 12.8%

    0

    20

    40

    60

    80

    100

    0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

    Sp

    ee

    d (

    km

    /h)

    Time (s)

    Southern highway driving cycle:

    Average speed : 79.4 km/h

    Idling time : 0%

    Cruising time : 50.1%

  • Awareness & education programmes

    For all the sectors of the community.

    KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

    In establishing a KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    and ENERGY CONSCIOUS NATION