Country Presentation Sri Lanka - Presentation - Sri... · Country Presentation – Sri Lanka ... Mr

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  • Country Presentation

    Sri Lanka

    Workshop on Capacity Development for Mainstreaming Energy SDGs

    Targets and Indicators into statistical Programmes in Asian Contries

    Organized by

    DSD / UNDESA in collaboration with UNSOD

    17th - 19th November 2015

    Incheon , Republic of Korea

    Mr Meril Gunathilake Mr H .A Vimal Nadeera Mr Asanji Susan Pathirana Ms Iresha Shyamali Mr Satharasingha Arachige

  • OUTLINE

    Country at a Glance

    Policy Framework

    Institutional Framework

    Development of Renewable Energy

    Energy Management Programme

    2

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • PHYSICAL FEATURES AND CLIMATE

    Area Total area : 65,610 sq.km.

    Land area : 62,705 sq.km.

    Inland waters : 2,905 sq.km.

    Climate Low country : min. 24.3C - max. 32.0C

    Hill country : min. 18.3 C - max. 27.0C

    Annual Rainfall (average) mm : 2013 : 1,687

    2014 : 2,136

    3

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS

    Mid-year population (000) in 2014 : 20,675

    Population density (2014) : 330 persons per sq.km.

    Human Development Index (2013) : 0.750

    Rank among 187 countries : 73

    Employment (2014)

    Employed persons (000) : 8,424

    Agriculture : 28.5%

    Industry : 26.5%

    Services : 45.0% 4

    Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • KEY ECONOMIC INDICATORS

    Growth of mid-year population (%) 0.9

    Un employment rate (% of labour force)- 4.3

    Per Capita GDP 3625 US$

    Exchange Rate

    Annual average (Rs/US$)- 130.56

    Year End 131.05

    5 Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • Government employees (000) : 1,330

    State sector : 51.3%

    Provincial public sector : 29.0%

    Semi government sector : 19.7%

    Expectation of Life at Birth (2013) : 74.3

    Literacy Rate (2013)

    Average : 92.5%

    Male : 93.5%

    Female : 91.6%

    6 Targets and Indicators into statistical

    Programmes in SriLanka

  • Energy Sector Primary Energy Supply by Sources:

    - Petroleum & Coal : 49.8%

    - Biomass : 43.3%

    - Large hydro : 4.3%

    - NREs (Small hydro, wind, solar): 2.6%

    Energy Consumption by Sectors: - Industry : 25.4 %

    - Transport : 28.8 %

    - Domestic & Commercial : 45.8 %

    Electricity Sector: - Total Installed Capacity : 3900 MW

    - Peak Load : 2200 MW

    - HH electrification : 99% (Grid Access - 96% + Off-grid - 3%)

    COUNTRY AT A GLANCE

    Generation by Source

    - Hydro : 30%

    - Thermal : 60%

    - NRE : 10%

    NRE Capacities

    - Small hydro : 310 MW

    - Wind : 125 MW

    - Solar : 15 MW

    - Biomass : 20 MW

  • Sustainable Development

    Development that meets the needs of the

    present without compromising the ability

    of future generations to meet their own

    needs

  • NATIONAL ENERGY SCENARIO

    Major Hydro

    Coal New RE

    Oil

    Major Hydro

    Coal New RE

    Oil

    Biomass

    Primary Energy

    Supply by Source

    Source: SLEB-2013, SLSEA

    Gross Electricity

    Generation of

    Grid Connected

    Power Plants

    Role of RE in Energy Sector

  • NATIONAL ENERGY SCENARIO

    Source: SLEB-2013, SLSEA

    Role of RE in Energy Sector

    Large Hydro 50.1%

    Oil 28.0%

    Coal 12.2%

    New RE 9.8%

    Industrial Sector Household, Commercial & others Sector

    Electricity Sector Transport Sector

    Biomass 77.2%

    Petroleum 8.1%

    Electricity 14.7%

    Biomass 72.7%

    Petroleum 11.0%

    Coal 2.6%

    Electricity 13.6%

    Gasoline 28.1%

    Diesel 59.4%

    Av. Fuel 12.5%

  • National Development Policies and Strategies

    Election Manifesto of New H.E. the President Section

    10: An Energy Secure Sri Lanka

    Haritha Lanka Programme: Action plan of the National

    Council for Sustainable Development

    Provincial Sustainable Energy Policies / Plans (in

    progress)

    Energy Sector Policies and Strategies

    Sri Lanka Energy Sector Development Plan for a

    Knowledge-based Economy 2015-2025

    National Energy Policy and Strategies

    National targets (20% grid electricity by NRE & 2000

    GWh of electricity saving by 2020)

    Sustainable Energy Policy / 100% RE Policy (draft).

    POLICY FRAMEWORK

  • Key Agencies

    Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority (SLSEA)

    Duel role as regulator and facilitator.

    Ministry of Power & Energy Energy policy & planning

    - Ceylon Electricity Board (Generation, transmission & distribution)

    - Lanka Electric Company (Distribution)

    - Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (Fuel quality)

    Public Utilities Commission of SL Sector governance

    Other Stakeholder Institutions

    Ministry of Finance & Planning Fiscal policies

    Ministry of Environment Environment policies; CC

    - Central Environmental Authority (Environment / waste regulations)

    Universities and R&D Institutions RD&D, Training

    GOs; ESCOs, NGOs, CBOs, Technology suppliers, ...

    INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

  • Resource Planning

    Strategic Approach

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

    RESOURCE MAPS

    RESOURCE INVENTORY

    TECHNOLOGY ROADMAP

    Technical

    Potential

    Socio-

    Environmental

    Potential

    Policy

    Targets

  • RE Resource Maps

    Solar Wind Hydro

    (kWh/m2/yr)

    RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES

    Biomass

    Biomass Potential Areas

    Hydro Potential Areas

    River Network

  • RE Resource Inventory No District Biomass Solar Wind Hydro Total 1 Ampara 30 0 0 0 30 2 Anuradhapura 15 30 0 2 47

    3 Badulla 15 0 60 61 136

    4 Batticaloa 15 0 0 0 15

    5 Colombo 40 0 0 0 40

    6 Galle 15 0 0 12 27

    7 Gampha 5 0 0 0 5

    8 Hambantota 15 100 60 1 176

    9 Jaffna 0 0 100 0 100

    10 Kalutara 30 0 0 3 33

    11 Kandy 15 0 30 80 125

    12 Kegalle 0 0 0 94 94

    13 Kilinochchi 15 30 60 0 105

    14 Kurunegala 30 30 0 0 60

    15 Mannar 0 0 260 0 260

    16 Matale 0 0 30 38 68

    17 Matara 15 0 0 13 28

    18 Monaragala 30 15 0 6 51

    19 Mullaittivu 15 0 30 0 45

    20 Nuwara Eliya 0 0 60 133 193

    21 Polonnaruwa 15 30 0 8 53

    22 Puttalam 15 0 260 0 275

    23 Ratnapura 0 0 30 151 181

    24 Trincomalee 15 0 30 0 45

    25 Vavuniya 15 15 0 0 30

    Total 360 250 1010 602 2222

    RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES

  • Legal Framework for Grid Electricity

    Regulation for resource allocation and project

    development (for on-grid renewable energy projects)

    Technology specific, cost reflective FiT (20 yr SPPA)

    Net-metering (Up to contract demand; < 1MW).

    The Historical Progress

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

    Wind

    Small Hydro

    Biomass

    Solar SPPA

    160 Plants

    410 MW

    Net-Metering

    3000+ PV

    plants

    15 MW

  • SUCCESS STORIES

    17

    Solar Net Metering: - 3000+ Systems

    - 15 MW

    - 100+ Companies

    EV + Hybrid Cars - 50,000+ Systems

    0

    10000

    20000

    30000

    40000

    50000

    60000

    2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Nu

    mb

    er o

    f F

    irst

    Reg

    istr

    ati

    on

    s (C

    ars

    )

    Year

    Diesel

    Petrol

    Hybrid /Electric

  • Thermal Energy Applications

    No specific regulation for resource allocation /

    project development

    Implemented mainly - by industries / commercial establishments themselves; and

    - as rural development programs facilitated through government

    funding.

    Main Programmes

    Basic energy needs / rural energy services - National biogas programme

    - Biomass dryers for processing of agricultural / food products

    - Solar water pumping

    - Improved cookstoves.

    Promoting sustainable biomass energy production &

    modern bio-energy technologies UNDP/GEF/FAO

    DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

  • Implementation Plan - SLSEA

    ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME

    Regulations Energy Services Awareness Financing

    Acc

    red

    itatio

    n o

    f E

    nerg

    y M

    an

    ag

    er / E

    nerg

    y A

    ud

    itor

    Energy Efficient Building

    Code

    Secto

    r sp

    ecific

    en

    erg

    y e

    fficie

    nc

    y

    pro

    gra

    mm

    es

    (Ho

    tel, T

    ea, W

    ate

    r P

    um

    pin

    g, G

    ov. S

    ecto

    r Bu

    ildin

    gs,

    )

    Energy Labeling

    of Appliances

    Pro

    ject fo

    rmu

    latio

    n a

    nd

    im

    ple

    men

    tatio

    n th

    rou

    gh

    ES

    CO

    s

    Pro

    vid

    e s

    op

    his

    ticate

    d in

    stru

    men

    ts

    for e

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    ud

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    Su

    sta

    inab

    le G

    uara

    nte

    e F

    acility

    Co

    nd

    uct T