Country Presentation Bangladesh Country Presentation Bangladesh Access to Internet: Bangladesh Perspective Presented by: Akber Hossain Senior Assistant

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul> <p>Country Presentation Bangladesh Country Presentation Bangladesh Access to Internet: Bangladesh Perspective Presented by: Akber Hossain Senior Assistant Secretary Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh Ministry of Science and Information &amp; Communication Technology (MoSICT) Phone: +880-2-9566571, Fax: +880-2-71619606 Phone: +880-2-9566571, Fax: +880-2-71619606 E-mail: most@bangla.net Web site: http://www.mosict.gov.bd http://www.mosict.gov.bd Global indicators workshop on community access to ICTs Mexico City 16-19 November 2004 Slide 2 Slide 3 Country Profile Country Profile 1. Area : 144000 Sq.Km 1. Area : 144000 Sq.Km 2. Population : 123.15* Million 2. Population : 123.15* Million 3. Population density : about 880/ sq. Km. 3. Population density : about 880/ sq. Km. 4. Divisions : 6 4. Divisions : 6 5. Districts : 64 5. Districts : 64 6. Sub Districts (Upazila) : 465 6. Sub Districts (Upazila) : 465 7. Unions (rural) : 4484 7. Unions (rural) : 4484 8. Villages (rural) : 87319 8. Villages (rural) : 87319 9. Municipalities (urban ) : 223 9. Municipalities (urban ) : 223 10. City Corporation :6 10. City Corporation :6 11.Per capita GDP : About USD 346 11.Per capita GDP : About USD 346 * Source: Population Census 2001 Slide 4 Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh Fixed line Telephone : 0.83 Million, (digital: 0.79 M) (Public Sector) Fixed line Telephone : 0.83 Million, (digital: 0.79 M) (Public Sector) Digitalized District : 64 Digitalized District : 64 Digitalized Sub district : 165 ( out of 465, 100% Coverage will be within 2005) Digitalized Sub district : 165 ( out of 465, 100% Coverage will be within 2005) Mobile Telephone : 3.00 Million (Private Sector Mobile Telephone : 3.00 Million (Private Sector Teledensity : 2.90 line per 100 people (PSTN &amp; Mobile) Teledensity : 2.90 line per 100 people (PSTN &amp; Mobile) Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission established in 2002 Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission established in 2002 Telephone call charge reduced significantly Telephone call charge reduced significantly Recently fixed line phone sector has been opened for private sector investment. Recently fixed line phone sector has been opened for private sector investment. Mobile telecoverage reaches most of the rural areas Mobile telecoverage reaches most of the rural areas 82000 Grameen Phone serving remotest areas 82000 Grameen Phone serving remotest areas Recently VOIP legalized Recently VOIP legalized Slide 5 Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh contd.. 1800 KM fibre optic cable under Bangladesh Railway is being utilizad by the private mobile telephone operator 1800 KM fibre optic cable under Bangladesh Railway is being utilizad by the private mobile telephone operator Fibre optic link between few districts existing under BTTB Fibre optic link between few districts existing under BTTB Packet Switching Exchange in 9 big District HQ established for data communication by BTTB Packet Switching Exchange in 9 big District HQ established for data communication by BTTB Etablishment of DDN Node in 17 district under progress Etablishment of DDN Node in 17 district under progress BTTBs 1 million mobile phone project is yet to be implemented in 2005 BTTBs 1 million mobile phone project is yet to be implemented in 2005 Fibre optic link between all district is planned by BTTB Fibre optic link between all district is planned by BTTB Slide 6 Internet First introduced in 1996 First introduced in 1996 Number of ISPs : 159 ( 64 are actively providing services) Number of ISPs : 159 ( 64 are actively providing services) 80% ISPs are located at capital Dhaka 80% ISPs are located at capital Dhaka Government owned Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB) has extended ISP services to all 64 district HQ and 165 Sub district HQ out of 465 Government owned Bangladesh Telegraph and Telephone Board (BTTB) has extended ISP services to all 64 district HQ and 165 Sub district HQ out of 465 ISP Subscriber : 0.2 Million(10% are broad band available only at Dhaka and Chittagong City area and rest are dial up) ISP Subscriber : 0.2 Million(10% are broad band available only at Dhaka and Chittagong City area and rest are dial up) Number of Internet users 2 Million Number of Internet users 2 Million Bandwidth range: Dial up-32kbps to 56 kbps, BB-64kbps to 8 mbps Bandwidth range: Dial up-32kbps to 56 kbps, BB-64kbps to 8 mbps Technology uses: VSAT Technology uses: VSAT Submarine cable yet to be connected in 2005 Submarine cable yet to be connected in 2005 PC Penetration rate is very low: 1.5 Sets /1000 Peoples PC Penetration rate is very low: 1.5 Sets /1000 Peoples Internet connection slow and costly, not affordable by general people Internet connection slow and costly, not affordable by general people Establishment of Internet Exchange is under implementation Establishment of Internet Exchange is under implementation Slide 7 Internet in rural areas Villages and Unions where 80% of the rural peoples lives are still out of reach of internet facilities Villages and Unions where 80% of the rural peoples lives are still out of reach of internet facilities In a very few places of these rural areas some NGOs are working for internet connectivity, such as: In a very few places of these rural areas some NGOs are working for internet connectivity, such as: Grameen communication (ISP) Village e-mail Services Village internet Program Village internet Program Village cyber kiosk www.grameen-info.org/gc Grameen Shakti (ISP) Village e-mail Services Village internet Program Village internet Program www.gshakti.com Slide 8 Community e-Centres Community e-Centres At present Government do not have any Community e-Centres program At present Government do not have any Community e-Centres program Ministry of Science and ICT has taken a program to set up few centres as pilot basis in cooperation with ADB and Commonwealth Secretariat. Ministry of Science and ICT has taken a program to set up few centres as pilot basis in cooperation with ADB and Commonwealth Secretariat. Some NGOs and SDNP of UNDP has setup very few centres where access to internet by community available Some NGOs and SDNP of UNDP has setup very few centres where access to internet by community available Cyber Cafes are working as Community e- Centres Cyber Cafes are working as Community e- Centres Approximately 500 Cyber Cafes are in operation, most of them are located at Dhaka and Chittagong City Approximately 500 Cyber Cafes are in operation, most of them are located at Dhaka and Chittagong City Some are in other District HQ Some are in other District HQ A very few are in the Sub district level A very few are in the Sub district level Slide 9 ICT in Bangladesh ICT in Bangladesh ICT has been declared as the thrust sector by the Government. ICT has been declared as the thrust sector by the Government. A National ICT Task Force, headed by the Honorable Prime Minister herself leads the ICT initiatives in the country. A National ICT Task Force, headed by the Honorable Prime Minister herself leads the ICT initiatives in the country. Slide 10 National ICT Policy 2002 This Policy aims at building an ICT-driven nation comprising of knowledge-based society by the year 2006. In view of this, a country-wide ICT- infrastructure will be developed to ensure access to information by every citizen to facilitate empowerment of people and enhance democratic values and norms for sustainable economic development by using the infrastructure for human resources development, governance, e-commerce, banking, public utility services and all sorts of on-line ICT-enabled services. Slide 11 Policy Statements regarding community access to the internet Policy Statements regarding community access to the internet (3.2.16 ) The Internet facility will be extended to all the district headquarters and subsequently to its adjacent areas upto Subdistrict levels. (3.2.17) Internet will be provided to the educational institutions and libraries.To ensure public access to information, Cyber Kiosks will be set up in all Post offices, Union complex and Upzila complex. Private sector participation will be encouraged to set up these facilities. Slide 12 Indicators of Community Access Indicators of Community Access No authenticated surveys has been done so far to asses the needs of community to access to the internet. No authenticated surveys has been done so far to asses the needs of community to access to the internet. As per ITU Digital Access Index 2002 the position of Bangladesh is 0.18 As per ITU Digital Access Index 2002 the position of Bangladesh is 0.18 Major government efforts are in the field of Infrastructure development and HRD in ICT Major government efforts are in the field of Infrastructure development and HRD in ICT Common peoples, specially the young, are very much enthusiastic to the access to the internet Common peoples, specially the young, are very much enthusiastic to the access to the internet 1 st Bangladesh Internet Fair in April 2004 conducted by the ISP Association of Bangladesh proved the interest of the common people 1 st Bangladesh Internet Fair in April 2004 conducted by the ISP Association of Bangladesh proved the interest of the common people Number of internet subscribers as well as users of internet cafes are increasing significantly during recent past. Number of internet subscribers as well as users of internet cafes are increasing significantly during recent past. Slide 13 About Questionnaire About Questionnaire Indicators used in the questionnaire are not fully appropriate for a LDC like Bangladesh though the indicators are well defined Indicators used in the questionnaire are not fully appropriate for a LDC like Bangladesh though the indicators are well defined Necessary/authenticated data are not available in the country Necessary/authenticated data are not available in the country Questions regarding number of Cyber Cafes, number of internet connections in Educational Institutions, number of Community e-Centres and number of users etc may be added for easy understanding of the questionnaire. Questions regarding number of Cyber Cafes, number of internet connections in Educational Institutions, number of Community e-Centres and number of users etc may be added for easy understanding of the questionnaire. Slide 14 Positive Steps towards Computerization Exemption of tax on Computer items Distribution of computers to schools Computerization of government offices Launching of websites of government, (e.g. www.bangladesh.gov.bd) Ministries/Divisions Legislature, Judiciary and Local Government institutions Abolition of state monopoly in Telecom Use of Computers at the sub-district level Slide 15 Constrains For Development Of ICT Sector in Bangladesh Constrains For Development Of ICT Sector in Bangladesh Low compute penetration Low compute penetration Low teledensity Low teledensity Internet access show and expensive Internet access show and expensive Bangla interface lacking Bangla interface lacking Weak data communication infrastructure Weak data communication infrastructure Absence of legal infrastructure Absence of legal infrastructure No law against cyber crime No law against cyber crime No law of electronic authenticationNo law of electronic authentication No electronic certification authorityNo electronic certification authority Lack of public awareness about ICTs Lack of public awareness about ICTs Lack of adequate human resource Lack of adequate human resource Brain Drain Brain Drain Slide 16 Thanks..... Welcome Comments, Questions.... </p>