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Blazing Trails. Leading Student Learning. Learning MODES Lead them to Water. Auditory Learners. Learn by hearing Remember sounds/remember what was said Lectures, recordings, reading aloud, group discussions, oral instructions, books on CD & ebook readers Take few notes Record own voice. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Blazing TrailsLeading Student Learning
Lead them to Water
Auditory LearnersLearn by hearingRemember sounds/remember what was saidLectures, recordings, reading aloud, group discussions, oral instructions, books on CD & ebook readers Take few notesRecord own voice
Visual LearnersLearn by seeingRemember a picture/remember what was shownReading, video/diagrams/charts/pictures, print screen features, turn off ebook audio features, written directions, colorTake lots of notesWill ask you to repeat information
Kinesthetic LearnersLearn by doing (first-hand experience, tactile)Remember what they doExperiments/labs, games, field trips, problem-solving, physical propsTake lots of notes (that they may not read)Use movement for experience
Biggest Misconception Because everyone can learn by hearing, seeing, and doing, it does not matter how the instructor structures or designs the delivery of information.
Ability and preference are NOT the same.
ShakyHave to think aboutHardSlowUncomfortableUnsure
Learning ModePreference IS Important
Best HandoutColor paper or ink
Fill-in Map or Outline places to write in information
Key steps/words for assignment -- acronyms/visuals
Get them to Drink
Learning is perceiving and processing information.Learning style is PREFERENCE for perceiving and processing information.David Kolb
Learning STYLES1. Imaginative WHY?
2. Analytical WHAT?
3. Common Sense HOW?
4. Dynamic WHAT IF?
Imaginative LearnersPerceive through experience, process through reflectionSeek meaningfulness Ask WHY?Starting PointGather ideas, brainstorm, various points of view, argue both sides, find connectionsCurious
Analytical LearnersPerceive through abstract conceptualization, process through reflectionSeek knowledge/informationAsk WHAT?Follow ImaginationGather facts and evidence, evaluate ideas, build theories, sort and organizeWant to get it right
Common Sense LearnersPerceive through abstract conceptualization, process through experimentationSeek usabilityAsk HOW?Follow InformationGather evidence through trying it out, trial and error, make it work, tinker, practiceFigure out what works
Dynamic LearnersPerceive through experience, process through experimentationSeek possibilitiesAsk WHAT IF?Follow Trying/Practice/TinkeringGather experience and information to make it their own, do it their own way, refine whats been givenWhat if I do this?
Freshman Learning Communitylibrary instruction experience.
Instruction DesignWhat?Content and outcome -- InformationWhy?Past and future Experience (context)How?Practice -- UsefulnessWhat if?Playing and Becoming -- Integration
Do not forget the WHY?
Practical/Failure/So You Can Do It Yourself?
Can skip the WHAT IF?
$10 online Learning Type Measure assessment of learning style
David Kolb, Experiential Learning TheoryBernice McCarthy, About Learning
Leading Student LearningLearning ModesLead them to Water
Learning StylesGet them to Drink
Thank you, Mark.Im very pleased to be with you this morning. I love talking about students and how they learn. I will share with you today some of what Ive learned about students and how they learn and how that information impacts teaching design.
This information is what I use to design successful instruction whether its a one-time instruction session or a semester-long course. This information is a key component of my teaching philosophy and I use it to drive my interactions with students.So first lets talk about delivery of information and how students learn. Im going to focus on auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learning. And let me say that its important for you to know how YOU prefer to receive information as a learner because that influences the decisions you make when you teach and deliver information. LEARNING MODALITIES or modes is the common term for auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learning. [These are modes for getting information into your working memory so that you can perceive and process the information.]
An Internet search will give you a multitude of websites on learning modalities many of which will include a brief assessment of your preferred learning mode. Most of them are decent but you know yourself well enough to determine your model preference. Lets go through a quick overview of each mode.
Auditory learners through hearing. They enjoy lectures, recordings, group discussions, oral instructions, and they often read aloud or benefit from reading aloud. These students will volunteer in class to read aloud. They often ask questions and will be most likely to engage in conversation with you. If you have a student who talks with you during an instruction session as if it were only the two of you present, that is most likely an auditory learner who engages the information through discussion. The auditory learner may also be the student who whispers to the person seated next to him or her during your presentation. They like books on CD and want ebook readers with good quality sound features. Choose a podcast when available. Like videos and webinars but focus on the audio portions. These learners prefer oral instructions. May say just tell me rather than wanting a set of written directions. [Those of you who have a strong preference for auditory learning will ask someone to give you directions to a location orally rather than drawing you a map. Sounds are important to them. They may often say things like I hear that. I remember the teacher said,. . . . . . That sounds about right. tell me what you mean.
Might benefit from voice recognition tools and text-to-speech features. 20 30% of the populationVisual learners learn by seeing. Often remembers information by using imagery remembers a picture usually enjoy presentation software they can focus their attention on something to see while listening. Lecture without visuals is difficult.Visual learners typically enjoy reading, charts/ diagrams/ videos (sound can sometimes be distracting might turn off sound if possible), Like flow-charts and overviews showing connections among ideas mind maps. Like quiet study space. USE COLOR highlighting, font colors, colored index cards, file folders Use graphics features in software programs.
Visual learners take lots of notes because they have to see it to hear it. They will often ask you to repeat information that might seem insignificant of inconsequential to you they are trying to hear what you said by writing it down and then the visual learner will see whether the information is important or not. Visual learners will often mention being able to see information on a page in the text, in their notes, on a handout, etc.
About 60% of populationWill often use comments like: I can see that. Can we look at that from another perspective? I cant quite picture that Show me what you mean.
Kinesthetic learners learn by doing, through body movement and often through touch tactile learning. Kinesthetic learners remember what they do.
They learn best when they can do experiments, play games, experience field trips, real-life problem solving, use physical props related to what they are learning or tied to studying writing index cards, creating diagrams, charts, posters, etc.
They take lots of notes that they may not read. The movement while writing is helping to connect the information to memory so re-reading the information may not be necessary.
Walking while studying, exercising while reviewing information , etc. movement is important. These students fidget when they have been without movement for too long. Volunteer to write on board to pass around handouts, etc.
10 20% of population often tied to visual learningKinesthetic language includes That feels right. I follow your point. My gut tells me
Most of us are able to write with our left hand or our right hand but we have a preference in using one over the other. When we start to write something, we dont say HMMMMM. I can use either hand to write with which one will I use today? We have one that we prefer to write with.
In fact, lets just see how that works. Take out a piece of paper and something to write with and write your name and address with your preferred hand and then with your non-preferred hand.
How did that feel to you?
These are commonly used descriptors when people complete this exercise.
Handedness is a good way to conceptualize PREFERENCE. Key concepts and ideas should be delivered with sound, visuals, and an opportunity to do or move or touch when possible. When I design an instruction session, I like to identify the 1 3 things that I want to make sure that students will remember when they leave the session. I will then be purposeful to make sure that those 1 3 things are delivered in each learning mode.
You do not need to know which students or how many students are of each mode when designing instruction -- use all modes.
Sometimes in a one-on-one session, a student will indicate or even ask directly for you to use one mode more than another and definitely follow that lead.Have student create their own handout.
This is a great assessment/feedback tool when you have the opportunity to meet with the same group of students more than once.
When they develop their own guides, they will focus on their modality preferences and you can provide feedback on the content, sequence, etc. of what they have prepared.100 years ago we lived in a much more auditory society. Literacy, -- education immigrants, radio, silent films
Talking movies, TV, computers, video games, Learning style as defined by David Kolb is the perceiving and processing of information. Its what we do with the information once it has been delivered to us. [some overlap with modes] We know that learning MODES alone do not result in comprehension. Just because an auditory learner hears, it doesnt mean that she understands the information. Just because a visual learner reads the information , it doesnt mean that he can explain to someone else. Even doing something doesnt mean that it has been integrated into the learners abilities or knowing. If that were the case, we could simply determine what delivery mode a student prefers and deliver the information via that mode, and understanding would result.
We know that there is something more and well call that something more learning and this morning look at learning styles as developed by David Kolb and Bernice McCarthy.
Willing to be wrong do not mind changing their mind
Beginning of a learning cycle
They like to like their teacher appreciate respect, caring, supportLike to learn from someone who will start where the student is at
Carroll Botts instruction sessionCompetitive
Like organization prefer a teacher who is organized
Like to learn from an expert
Follow through with Carroll Botts example
They like a teacher who is a coach helps them when they need assistance but are also willing to let the student try on his/her own.
These students do not mind getting it wrong the first time. They learn from trial and error. Like to solve problems.
Follow through with Carroll Botts exampleVery willing to try to figure it out on their own.
They like a teacher who serves as a facilitator someone who is there to guide them when needed.
Carroll Botts example.