A A/D Analog to Digital A/D/P Analysts / Designers / Programmers A/UX Apple's version of Unix AA Attribute Association Function AAAP Autodesk Animator and Animator Pro AAB All-to-all Broadcast AACR Anglo - American Cataloguing Rules AAER Accounting and Auditing Enforcement Releases AAL ATM Adaptation Layer AAP Association of American Publishers AAP Applications Access Point AAR Addition Accumulation Register AAS All-to-all Scatter AASP ASCII Asynchronous Support Package AAT Average Access Time AAUP American Association of University Presses

ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

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Page 1: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

AA/D Analog to Digital

A/D/P Analysts / Designers / Programmers

A/UX Apple's version of Unix

AA Attribute Association Function

AAAP Autodesk Animator and Animator Pro

AAB All-to-all Broadcast

AACR Anglo - American Cataloguing Rules

AAER Accounting and Auditing Enforcement Releases

AAL ATM Adaptation Layer

AAP Association of American Publishers

AAP Applications Access Point

AAR Addition Accumulation Register

AAS All-to-all Scatter

AASP ASCII Asynchronous Support Package

AAT Average Access Time

AAUP American Association of University Presses

AB Average BIOS

ABC Adaptive Binary Coder

ABC American Broadcast Company

ABC Abstract Base Class

ABC Atanasoff-Berry Computer


Abstract Base Class Derived Class Method

ABCM Abstract Base Class Method

ABED Algorithm - Based Error Detection

Page 2: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ABEND Abnormal End

ABFT Algorithm Based Fault tolerance

ABI Application Binary Interface

ABIOS Advanced Basic input Output System

ABIST Automatic Built-in Self-Test

ABLE Adaptive Battery Life Extender

ABM Asynchronous Balanced Mode

ABR Available Bit Rate

ABRS Automated Book Request System

ABS Absolute

ABS Address Book Synchronization

ABT Abort

ABT Abstract Behavoired Types

ABTS ASCII Block Terminal Services

AC Automatic Computer

AC Autocheck

AC Auxiliary Carry

ACAP Analyst Capability

ACAP Application Configuration Access Protocol

ACB Access Control Byte


Arithmetic Coding Based Continuos Error Detection

ACC Aston Compiler Constructor

ACC Abstract and Concrete Classes

ACC Accumulator

ACCU Association of C and C++ Users

ACD Automatic Call Distribution

ACDI Asynchronous Communications Device Interface

Page 3: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ACE Advanced Computing Environment

ACE Automatic Computing Engine

ACE Adverse Channel Enhancements

ACE Access Control Entry

ACE Adaptive Critic Element

ACF Access Control Field

ACF Advanced Communications Function

ACH Automated Clearing House

ACIA Asynchronous Communication Interface Adapter

ACIAS Automated Calibration Interval Analysis System

ACIS American Committee for Interoperable Systems

ACK Acknowledgment

ACL Applet Class Loader

ACL Access Control List

ACLE Array C Language Emulator

ACM Audio Compression Manager

ACM Association for Computer Machinery

ACMS Application Control Management System


ACM - Special Interest Group On Management Information Systems

ACMT Association of Computer Machinery Transaction

ACP Algebra of Communicating Processes

ACP Arabic Command Processor

ACP Auxiliary Control Process

ACP Ancillary Control

Page 4: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


ACPI Advanced Configuration and Power Interface

ACR Allowed Cell Rate

ACR Available Cell Rate

ACS Access Control Set

ACS Access Control System

ACS Advanced Computer System

ACS Anti Curl System

ACS Asynchronous Communication Server

ACS Access

ACSE Association Control Service Element

ACTS Advanced Communications Technology Satellite

ACTS Automated Computer Time Service

ACTT Advanced Communication and Timekeeping Technology

ACU Automatic Calling Unit

ACWP Actual Cost of Work Performed

AD Activity Description

ADA Application Domain

ADA Automatic Data Acquisitions


Adaptive Linear Neuron

ADB Apple Desktop Bus

ADBS Autonomous Data Base System

ADC Add with Carry

ADC Adaptive Data Compression

ADC Add White Carry

ADCCP Advanced Data Communication Control Procedure

Page 5: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ADD Automatic Document Detection

ADF Adapter Description File

ADF Automatically Defined Function

ADF Automatic Document Feeder

ADFD Action Data Flow Diagram

ADI Apple Desktop Interface

ADI Autodesk Device Interface

ADI Autocad Device Interface

ADL Address Data Latch

ADL Architectural Description Language

ADLAT Adaptive Lattice Filter

ADLC Asynchronous Data Link Control

ADLC Adaptive Losses Data Compression

ADLS Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line

ADM Arrow Diagramming Method

ADM Add / Drop Multiplexer


Apple Document Management and Control System

ADN Add in Utility

ADNO Address Number

ADO Active Data Objects

ADP Asynchronous Data Processing

ADP Automatic Data Processing

ADPCM Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation

ADR Add Double Precision Register

ADR Address

ADS Automatic Distribution System

Page 6: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ADS Application Development Solutions

ADS Application Development Standards

ADSC Adobe Document Structuring Conventions

ADSC Address Status Changed

ADSI Analog Display Services Interface

ADSI Active Directory Service Interface

ADSL Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line

ADSL Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Loop

ADSP Appletalk Data Stream Protocol

ADSR Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release

ADT Application Data Types

ADT Abstract Data Type

ADU Automatic Dialing Unit

AE Above Or Equal

AE Average Error

AEB Analog Expansion Bus

AEC Architecture, Engineering, Construction

AEE Arithmetic Expression Evaluation

AES Advanced Encryption Standard

AES Asynchronous Event Services

AESA ATM End System Address

AETG Automatic Efficient Test Generator

AETLTA Association for the Education Training of Library Technicians and Assistants

AF Auxiliary Flag

AFA Add File to Archive

Page 7: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

AFA Accelerated File Access

AFC Application Foundation Classes

AFC Automatic Frequency Control

AFC Automatic Font Change

AFC Accelerating Fractal Compression

AFD Actual Finished Date

AFD Automatic File Distribution

AFDW Active Framework for Data Warehousing

AFG Advanced Frame Grabber

AFI Authority and Format Identifier

AFII Association for Font Information Interchange

AFIPS American Federation of Information Processing Societies

AFIRM Automated Fingerprint Image Reporting and Match

AFIS Automated Fingerprint Identification System

AFK Away From Keyboard

AFM Adobe Font Metrics

AFP Adjusted Function Points

AFP Appletalk Filing Protocol

AFP Advanced Function Presentation

AFR Assemble Feasibility Report

AFR Annualized Failure Rate

AFS Andrew File System

AFTP Anonymous File Transfer Protocol

AGA Advanced Graphics Adapter

AGC Automatic Gain Control

Page 8: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

AGI Address Generation Interlock

AGP Accelerated Graphics Port

AGR Adaptation-Guided Retrieval Method

AGU Address-Generation Unit

AGV Automated Guided Vehicles

AH Authentication Header

AHA Advanced High Analysis

AHM Amsterdam Hypermedia Model

AHPL A Hardware Programming Language

AHS Automated Highway Systems

AI Aggregate Identification

AI Analog Input

AI Artificial Intelligence

AIA Applications Integration Architecture

AIAG Automative Industry Action Group

AIC Akaike's Information Criterion

AICPA American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

AIF Audio Information File Format

AIF Audio Interchange Format

AIG American International Group

AIMS Automated Inspection & Measurement Station

AIN Advanced Intelligent Network

AIO Aquittement Input / Output

AIOPAD Asynchronous Input / Output Packet Assembler /

Page 9: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


AIR Assemble Investigation Results

AIR Additive Increase Rate

AIRES Automated Image Reconstruction Using Expert Systems

AIS Association for Information Systems

AIS Automated Identification System

AIS Alarm Indication Signal

AIS Automated Information System

AISP Association of Information Systems Professionals

AISPM Automated Information System Program Manager

AIT Advanced Intelligent Tape

AIX Advanced Interactive eXecutive

AKL Automatic Key Lock

AKO A - Kind - Of

AL Application Layer

ALA American Library Association

ALAP Appletalk Link Access Protocol

ALC Automatic Level Control

ALC Arithmetic and Logic Circuits

ALD Assemble Logical Design

ALE Application Linking and Embedding

ALE Address Latch Enable

ALGOL Algorithmic Oriented Language

ALGOL Algorithm Language

ALH Augmented Lagrange-Hopfield

ALIBI Adaptive Location of Internetworked Bases of Information

Page 10: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ALINK Active Link

ALIWEB Archie Like Indexing in the Web

ALN Asynchronous Learning Network

ALPAC Automatic Language Processing Advisory Committee

ALR Advanced Logic Research

ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit

ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit

ALVINN Autonomous Land Vehicle in a Neural Network

AM Abstract Model

AM/PSK Amplitude Modulation with Phase-Shift Keying

AMA Automatic Message Accounting


Automated Messaging and Directory Assistance

AMD Active Matrix Display

AMD Advanced Micro Devices

AML Arc Macro Language

AMMA Advanced Memory Management Architecture

AMP Atomic Multicast Protocol

AMPS Advanced Mobile Phone Service

ANDF Application Neural Distribution Format

ANI Animated Cursor

ANI Automatic Number Identification

ANN Annotations

ANN Artificial Neural Network

ANOVA Analysis of Variance

ANS Application Naming Standards

ANS Advanced Networks and Services

Page 11: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ANSD Analysis and Modeling Software Development

ANSI American National Standard institute

ANX Automotive Network Exchange

AO Analog Output

AO/DI Always On / Dynamic ISDN

AOCE Apple Open Collaborative Environment

AOE Application Operating Environment

AOI Automated Optical inspection

AOL American Online

AOM Application Profile OSI Management

AON Activity On Node

AOP Access Oriented Programming

AOS Add Or Subtract

AP Adjunct Processor

AP Applications Processor

AP Augmentation Plan

APA All Points Addressable

APA Arithmetic Processing Accelerator

APA Adaptive Packet Assembly

APAR Authorized Program Analysis Report

APAREN Address Parity Enable

APC Asynchronous Procedure Call

APCUG Association of PC User Groups

APD Assemble Logical Design

APET Anticipated Pure Execution Time

APFR Annalist of Presence and Future

Page 12: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


API Application Programmer Interface

API Application Program Interface

APIC Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller

APIS Advanced Passenger Information System

APL A Programming Language

APM Advanced Power Management

APN Abstract Petri Net

APNIC Asia-Pacific Network Information Center

APOP Authenticated Post Office Protocol

APP Application

APPC Advanced Program - to - Program Communication

APPI Advanced Peer - to - Peer Internetworking

APPN Advanced Peer to Peer Networking

APR Address Resolution Protocol

APRP Adaptive Pattern Recognition Processing

APS Advanced Printing Service

APS Asynchronous Protocol Specification

APS Automatic Protection Switching

APSE ADA Programming Support Environment

APT Address Pass Through

APT Advanced Parallel Technology

APT Automatically Programmed tools

ARA Appletalk Remote Access

ARAS Appletalk Remote Access Services

Page 13: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ARCA Advanced RISC Computing Architecture

ARCM Adaptation Rate Coding Modulation

ARCnet Attached Resource Computer Network

ARCS Advanced RISC Computing Specification

ARD Automatic Relevance Determination

ARE Asymptotic Relative Efficiency

ARI Abort Retry Ignore

ARL Adjusted Ring Length

ARLL Advanced Run - Length Limited

ARM Advanced RISC Machine

ARM Asynchronous Response Mode

ARM Annotated Reference Manual

ARMA Autoregressive

Moving Average

ARP Address Resolution Protocol

ARPA Advanced Research Project Agency


Advanced Research Projects Agency Network

ARPL Adjust Requested Privilege Level

ARQ Automatic Repeat Request

ARRA Announced Retransmission Random Access

ARS Assemble Requirement Specification

ART Adaptive Resonance Theory

ART Advanced Recognition Technologies

ARTA Apple Real Time Architecture

ARTIC A Real - Time Interface Coprocessor

Page 14: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


Adaptive Resource Theory Mapping

ARTS Asynchronous Remote Takeover Server

ARTT Asynchronous Remote Takeover Terminal

ARTTel Automated Request Transmission By Telecommunications

ARU Audio Response Unit

AS Autonomous System

AS/400 Application System / 400

AS/RS Automated Storage and Retrieval System

AS/U Advanced Server for Unix

AS3AP ANSI SQL Standard Scalable and Portable

ASA Adaptive Server Anywhere

ASAI Adjunct Switch Application Interface

ASAP Academic Strategic Alliance Program

ASAP Automatic Switching and Processing

ASAP As Soon As Possible


ASC All Stations Connected

ASCC Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator

ASCII American (national) Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASD Actual Start Date


Assisiant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence

ASE Associative Search Element

ASF Algebric Specification Formalism

ASF Active Streaming

Page 15: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit

ASIT Advanced Security and Identification Technology

ASL Average Search Length

ASL Adaptive Speed Leveling

ASL Arithmetic Shift Left

ASLIB Association of Special Libraries and Information Bureaus

ASLM Apple Shared Library Manager

ASLP Adaptive Session Level Pacing

ASM Assembler Source Language

ASM Association for Systems Management

ASMP Asymmetric Multiprocessing

ASN Action Selection Network

ASN Abstract Syntax Notation

ASN Autonomous System Number

ASNO Abstract Syntax Notification On

ASO Automated Systems Operations

ASP Active Server Page

ASP Authorized Service Provider

ASP Association of Shareware Professionals

ASP Active Server Page

ASP Appletalk Session Protocol

ASPI Advanced SCSI Programming Interface

ASPS Advanced Signal Processing System

ASR Address Space

Page 16: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


ASR Automatic System Reconfiguration

ASR Automatic Send / Receive

ASR Automatic Speech Recognition

ASSES Architecture for Structuring the Requirements Specification of Embedding Critical Systems

ASSET Asset Source for Software Engineering Technology

ASSIA Applied Social Science Index and Abstracts

ASVD Analogue Simultaneous Voice / Date

AT Acceptance Test

AT Attention

AT Advanced Technology

AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph

ATAPI Attachment Packet Interface

ATAPI Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface

ATC Autodesk Training Center

ATDM Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexers

ATDP Attention Dial Plus

ATDT Attention Dial ton

ATE Automated Test Equipment

ATG Advanced Technology Group

ATH Attention Hang-up

ATL Active Template Library

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

ATM Adobe Type Manager

Page 17: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ATM Automated Teller Machine


ATM Channel Service Unit / Date Service Unit

ATMs Automatic Teller Machines

ATP Appletalk Transaction Protocol

ATP Advanced Technology Program

ATPS Appletalk Printing Services

ATR Automatic Terminal Recognition

ATRAC Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding

ATS Algorithmic Test Sequence

ATS Apple Terminal Services

ATS Administrative Terminal System

ATX Advanced Technology Extended

AUDIT Automated Data input Terminal

AUI Attachment Unit Interface

AUP Acceptable Use Policy


Automatic Execution

AUX Auxiliary

AV Arcview

AV Authenticity Verification

AV Audiovisual

AVA Audio Visual Authoring

AVC Audio Visual Connection

AVD Alternating Voice and Data

AVG Average

AVI Audio Video Interleaved

AVK Audio Video Kernel

Page 18: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

AVL Adelson Velsky Landis Tree

AVL Abstract Visualization Language

AVL Automatic Vehicle Location

AVQ Adaptive Vector Quantization

AVR Automatic Voice Recognition

AVRM Amplitude Varying Rate Matrix

AVRS Amplitude Varying Rate Statistics

AVT Applied Voice Technology

AVX AntiVIrus Expert

AWACS Airborne Warning and Control System

AWE Advanced Wave Effects

AWG American Wire Gauge

AWS Advanced Workstations and


AWT Advanced Abstract Window toolkit

AX Architecture Extended

AXCW Active X Component Wizard

Page 19: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BB - ICI Broadband -

Intercarrier Interface

B - ISDN Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network

B/F Background / Foreground

B2X Binary to Hexadecimal

BAB Branch and Bound

BAI Book Aid International

BAIM Baseline Advanced Industrial Management

BAK Backup

BAK Binary Adaptation Kit

BAL Basic Assembly Language

BAL Branch and Link

BALUN Balanced Unbalanced

BAM Boyan Action Module

BAM Bidirectional Associative Memory

BAPI Business Application Programming Interface

BARTS Bell Atlantic Regional Timesharing

BAS Basic Language

BAS Buffer Allocation Size

BASH Bourne Again Shell

BASIC Beginner All Purpose Symbolic instruction Code

BASM Built-in Assembler

BAT Batch Processing

BAT Block Address Translation

BBA Boundary Based Approach

BBL Be Back Later

Page 20: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BBLT Bus Block Transfer

BBN Bolt Beranek and Network

BBS Bulletin Board Systems

BBS Blocked Before Service


Blocked Before Service - Server Is Not Occupied

BBS-SO Blocked Before Service - Server Occupied

BBW Best of Both World

BCB Both Connection Based

BCC Blared Courtesy Copy

BCC Borland C Compiler

BCC Board of County Commissioners

BCC Block Check Character

BCC Blind Carbon Copy

BCD Binary Coded Decimal

BCI Binary Coded Information

BCI Binary Code instrumentation

BCL Batch Command Language

BCO Band Compression Order

BCP Best Current Practice

BCP Bulk Copy Program

BCPL Basic Computer Programming Language

BCR Byte Count Register

BCR Basic Channel Rates

BCS Bandwidth Conservation Society

BCS Bar Code Sorter

BCWS Budget Cost of Work Scheduled

BDA Bios Data Area

Page 21: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BDAM Basic Direct Access Method

BDC Backup Domain Controller

BDD Binary Decision Diagram

BDE Borland Database Engine

BDK Bean Developer Kit

BDLS Bidirectional Loop Switching

BDOS Basic Disk Operating System

BDP Bottom Driver Pattern

BDR Bus Device Request

BDSL Broadband ADSL

BDSS Bayesiam Decision Support System

BDY Boundary

BE Below Or Equal

BE Basic Event

BECN Backward Explicit Congestion Notification

BEDO Burst Extended Data Out


Bell Communications Research

BER Basic Encoding Rules

BER Bit Error Rate

BERT Bit Error Rate Test

BF Bad Flag

BFA Bellmon Ford Algorithm

BFA Buffer Area

BFF Binary File Format

BFN Buffer Number

BFS Breadth First Search

BFT Batch File Transmission


BGA Ball Grid Array

Page 22: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BGE Branch if Greater Or Equal

BGI Borland Graphic Interface

BGP Border Gateway Protocol

BGT Branch if Greater Than

BHI Branch if Higher

BHIS Branch if Higher Or Same

BHN Binary Hopfield Network

BHNS Binary Hopfield Network System

BI Binary input

BIB Bibliography

BIB Bus Interface Board

BIC Buffer Interface Controller

B-ICI Broadband - Intercarrier Interface


BiDi Bi-directional

BIDS Bath Information and Data Services

BIFET Bipolar Field Effect Transistor

BIFF Binary Interchange File Format

BIM Beginning of Information Marker

BIN Binary

BINAC Binary Automatic Computer

BIND Berkeley Internet Name Domain

BINHEX Binary Hexadecimal

BIOFAM Binary input Output Fuzzy Associative Memory

BIOS Basic input / Output System

BIP Bit Interleaved Parity

BIS Business Information System

Page 23: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

B-ISDN Boardband Integrated Services Digital Network

BIST Built in Self Test

BISYNC Binary Synchronous Communication

BIT Binary Digit

BITBLT Bit Block Transfer

BITNET Because It's Time Network

BITNIC Bitnet Network Information Center

BIU Bus Interface Unit

BIW Business Intelligence Warehouse

BIX Byte Information Exchange

BK! Backup

BL Bit Line

BL Branch On Low

BLAISE British Library Online Information Service

BLAST Blocked Asynchronous Transmission

BLD Basic Blood Graphics

BLDSC British Library Document Supply Center

BLE Branch if Less Or Equal

BLER Block Error

BLK Block

B-LLI Broadband Lower - Layer Information

BLMC Buried Logic Macrocell

BLOB Binary Large Object

BLOS Branch if Lower Or Same

BLT Black Logical Transfer

BLU Basic Link Unit

BM Benchmark

Page 24: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BMI Branch if Minus

BMIC Busmaster Interface Controller

BMP Bitmap

BMP Batch Message Processing Program

BMP Basic Mapping Support

BNB British National Bibliography

BNC Bayonet Neill - Concelman

BNE Branch if Not Equal

BNF Backus Name Form

BNS Backbone Network Service

B-NT Boardband Network Terminator

BNZ Branch On Not Zero

BO Branch On Overflow

BO Binary Output

BOA Basic Object Adapter

BOAT Back Office Automation Technology

BOB Brains On Board

BoB Break-out Box

BOC Bell Operating Company

BOF Beginning of File

BOM Bill of Material

BOM Begin of Message

BON Better Object Notation

BOND Bandwidth On Demand

BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol

BOP Byte Oriented Protocol

BOPS Billion Operations Per Second


Borland Pro Quattro

BORQU Borland Quattro

Page 25: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BOS Basic Operating System

BOT Beginning of Tape

BP Base Pointer register


BPAM Basic Partitioned Access Method

BPB Bios Parameter Block

BPDU Bridge Protocol Data Unit

BPI Bits Per Inch

BPL Branch if Plus

BPO Back Projection Operator

BPR Business Process Reengineering

BPRTI Business Process Reengineering and Technology Integration

BPS Basic Program Structure

Bps Bytes Per Second

BPSK Binary Phase Shift Keying

BPTT Back Propagation Through Time

BPU Bit Processing Unit

BR Bad Register

BR Baud Rate

BRAM Broadcast Recognition Access Method

BRAP Broadcast Recognition with Alternating Priorities

BRB Be Right Back

BRCCN Bidirectional RCCN

BRE Boolean and Selectional Expression

BRF Basis Radial Function

BRGC Binary Reflected Gray Code

BRI Brain Response

Page 26: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


BRI Basic - Rate Interface

BRMO Binary Relationship Model Query

BRO Boolean and Selectional Operator

BRS Big Read Switch

BS Binary Search

BSA Business Software Alliance

BSAM Basic Sequential Access Method

BSB Brain State in a Box

BSC Boyan Script

BSC Block Sorting Compression

BSC Bisynchronous Communication

BSC Binary Synchronous Communication

BSCS Bachelor of Science (degree) in Computer Science

BSD Berkley Software Distribution

BSF Bit Scan forward

BSI British Standards Institute

BSO Business System Option

BSP Breaches of Structure Program

BSP Basic Shadow Problem

BSP Bulk Synchronous Parallelism

BSR Bit Scan Reverse

BSR Build System Requirements

BS-RAM Burst Static RAM

BSS Block Started by Symbol

BST Binary Search Tree

BSTS Broadband Series Test System

Page 27: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BSTW Bentley - Sleator Tarjan - Wei algorithm

BSV Basic Save Graphics

BSY Busy

BSYNC Binary Synchronous Communications

BT Bit Test

BT Binary Trees

B-TA Broadband Terminal Adapter

BTAG Beginning Tag

BTAM Basic Telecommunication Access Method

BTB Branch Target Buffer

BTC Branch Table Cache

BTC Bit Test and Complement

B-TE Broadband Terminal Equipment

BTEC Business and Technology Education Council

BTH Binary Tree Hierarchy

BTOA Binary to ASCII

BTP Batch Transfer Program

BTQ Blocked Transaction Queue

BTR Better Than Random

BTR Bit Test and Reset

BTS Bit Test and Set

BU Branch Unit

BUA Bottom Up Algorithm

BUBL Bulletin Board for Libraries

BUF Buffer

BUI Basic Information Unit

BUS Broadcast and Unknown Server

BVCP Brunswick Virtual Cellular Processor

BVH Base Video Handler

Page 28: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

BWM Block - Write Mode

BWT Burrows Wheller Transform

BXLE Branch on Index Less Than Equal

BYL Before You Leap

BYTE Binary Element String

BZ Branch On Zero

Page 29: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CC C Source Code

C SLIP Compressed Slip

C&T Chips and Technologies

C/D Control Data

C/R Command / Response

C/S Client / Server

C/SB Client / Server Binding

C/SCS Client / Server Computer System

C++ C Plus Plus

C+LP Cluster and LP algorithm

C2D Character to Decimal

C2X Character to Hexadecimal

CA Collision Avoidance

CA Cellular Automate

CAB Citizens Advice Bureaus

CAC Connection Admission Control

CACM Communication of the Association of Computers Machinery

CACP Central Arbitration Control Point

CAD Computer Aided Design

CAD Computer Aided Drafting

CAD Computer Aided Dispatch

CAD Class Association Diagram

CADD Computer Aided Design and Drafting

CADE Client / Server Application Development Environment

Page 30: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CAE Client Application Enabler

CAE Computer Aided Engineering

CAE Common Application Environment

CAEX Computer Aided Exploration

CAFE Corporate Average Fleet Efficiency

CAFE Conditional Access for Europe

CAG Column Address Generator

CAI Computer Aided Instruction

CAIRN Collaborative Advanced Interagency Research Network

CAL Calendar

CAL Client Access License

CAL Computer Assisted Learning

CALS Computer - Aided

Aquisition and Logistics Support

CALS Computer Assisted Logistic System

CAM Communication Access Method

CAM Content - Addressable Memory

CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing

CAMMU Cache / Memory Management Unit

CAMS County Address Management System

CAP Capture

CAP Carrierless Amplitude and Phase-modulation

CAP Central Arbitration Point

CAP Communication Application Platform

CAP Competitive Access Provider

CAP Computer Aided Publishing

Page 31: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CAPD Computing to Assist Persons with Disabilities

CAPE Concurrent Art to Product Environment

CAPP Computer Process Planning

CAPP Computer Aided Planning Project

CAPS Cassette Programming System

CAQ Computer Aided Quality

CAR Commented Arcs Ratio

CARL Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries

CAS Column Address Select

CAS Computer Aided Styling

CAS Column Address Strob

CAS Communications Applications Specification

CAS Current Alerting System

CAS/HE Computer Aided Software / Hardware Engineering

CASBR Checkpoint After Send - Before Receive

CASE Common Application Service Elements

CASE Computer Aided Software Engineering

CASL Crosstalk Application Scripting Language

CASR Center for Aviation Systems Reliability

CASS Computer Assisted Search Service

CASSIS Classified and Search Support Information System

CAST Centrex Audit Strategy Tool

CAT Catalog

CAT Computer Adaptive Test

Page 32: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CAT Computer Aided Testing

CAT Computer Aided Tomography

CAT Computer Aided Transcription

CAT Computer Aided Test

CATIA Computer Aided Three - dimensional Interactive Application

CATS Contained Array Test System

CATS Computer Assisted Training System

CAU Controlled Access Unit

CAV Constant Angular Velocity

CAVE Computer Automatic Virtual Environment

CAW Channel Address Word

CB Call Barring

CBC Clipher Block


CBCR Channel Byte Count Register

CBD Case - Based Design

CBDS Connectionless Broadband Data Service

CBEMA Computer Business Equipment Manufactures Association

CBI Computer Based Instrumentation

CBIOS Compatibility Bios

CBL Cobol Source Code

CBL Computer Based Leaving

CBL Computer Based Learning

CBLT Character Block Transfer

CBMS Computer - Based Message System

CBR Continuous Bit Rate

Page 33: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CBR Constant Bit Rate

CBR Case - Based Reasoning

CBT Computer Based Training

CBVIS Context Based Vision

CBW Convert Byte to Word

CBX Computerized Branch Exchange

CC Courtesy Copy

CC Cluster Controller

CCA Covert Channel Analyze

CCB Command Control Block

CCC Cube Connected Cycles

CCC Cyber Cash's Crane

CCCB Currency Client Callback

CCD Charge - Coupled Device

CCD Class Communication Diagram

CCD-FIT Change Complied Device Frame Interline Transfer

CCD-FT Charge Complied Device Frame Transfer

CCD-IT Charge Complied Device Interline Transfer

CCF Central Control Function

CCFT Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube

CCG Class Code Generation

CCI Common Client Interface

CCIS Common Channel Interoffice Signaling

CCITT Committee Consultatif International Telephonique et Telegraphique

CCK Complementary Code Keying

Page 34: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CCL Cube Connected Cycle

CCL Computer Communication Laboratories

CCL Compiler Construction Language

CCL Connection Control Language

CCL Cursor Control Language

CCLN Cascade - Correlation Learning Network

CCM Component Categories Manager

CCM Concurrency Control Mechanism

CCM Contour Combinates Memory

CCN Computer - Communication Network

CCP Console Command Processor

CCP Consib Command Processor

CCP Certified Computer Programmer

CCR Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery

CCR Chip Count Register

CCS Color Calibration System

CCS Change Current Server

CCS Common Communications Services

CCS Common Command Set

CCS Common Communications Support

CCS Continuous Composite Servo

CCSD Cellular Circuit - Switched Data

CCSDS Consultative Committee Space and Data Systems

Page 35: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CCTA Central Computer and Telecommunication Agency

CCW Channel Command Word

CD Class Diagram

CD Countdown Counter

CD Conceptual Dependency

CD Carrier Detect

CD Change Directory

CD Color Display

CD Compact Disk

CD Collision Detection


Card Channel Ready

CD+G Compact Disk Plus Graphics

CDA Compact Disk Audio

CDA Compound Document Architecture

CDAd Component Data Administrator

CDAI Digital Communications Associates Inc.

CDATA Character Data

CDBT Compact Disk-based Training

CDC Control Data Corporation

CD-DA Compact Disk - Digital Audio

CDDI Copper Distributed Data Interface

CDE Complex Data Entry

CDE Common Desktop Environment

CD-E Compact Disc Erasable

CD-E Compact Disk - Erasable

CDF Command Delimited Format

CDF Channel Definition Format

Page 36: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

CDFS Compact Disc File System

CD-I Compact Disc Interactive

CD-I Compact Disk Interactive

CDIA Certified Document Imaging Architect

CDIS Central Control Function Display Information System

CDL Computer Design Language

CDM Conceptual Data Modeling

CDM Cell Delay Module

CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

CDMF Commercial Data Masking Facility

CD-MO Compact Disk - Magneto Optical

CDOS Concurrent Disk Operating System

CDP Certification Data Processing

CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data

CDQ Convert Doubleword to Quardword

CDR Compare Double Precision Register

CDR Call Detail Recording

CDR Common Data Representation

CD-R Compact Disc Recordable

CD-R/E Compact Disc Recordable and Erasable


CD-RDx Compact Disk - Read Only Memory Data Exchange Standard

CDRI Copyright Digital Research Inc.

CDRL Contract Data Requirements List

CD-ROM Compact Disk Read

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Only Memory


CD-ROM Extended Architecture


Compact Disk - Real Time Operating System

CD-RW Compact Disc Rewritable

CDS Current Directory Structure

CDS Command and Data System

CDSA Common Data Security Architecture

CDSL Consumer Digital Subscriber Line

CDT Corel Draw Template

CDTV Commodore Dynamic Total Vision

CDV Cell Delay Variation

CD-V Compact Disk - Video

CDVT Cell Delay Variation Tolerance

CD-WO Compact Disk - Write Once

CDX Compound Index

CD-XA Compact Disk - Extended Architecture

CE Collision Elimination

CE Chip Enable

CE Cache Enable

CE Convert Enable

CE Change of Error

CEG Continuous Edge Graphics

CEI Conducted Electromagnetic Interference

CELP Card Edge Low Profile

CEMM Compaq Expanded Memory Manager

CEMS Constituent Electronic Mail System

CEOP Conditional End of Page

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CEPT Conference on European Post & Telegraph

CER Cell Error Rotation

CER Canonical Encoding Rules

CERT Computer Emergency Response Team

CF Carry Flag

CFB Chipper - Feed Back

CFB Configurable Function Block

CFC Control Flow Constructs

CFD Control Flow Diagram

CFD Computational Fluid Dynamics

CFE Compiler Front End

CFG Configuration

CFG Context - Free - Grammar

CFG Control Flow Graph

CFL Context Tree Language

CFM Code Fragment Manager

CFM Cubic Feet per Minute

CFR Computerized Facial Recognition

CFS Common File System

CFS Caching File System

CFS Computer Function Specification

CFV Collision - Free Vector

CFV Call For Votes

CG Control Gate

CGA Color Graphics Adapter

CGE Common Graphics Environment

CGI Computer Graphics Interface

CGI Computer Generated

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CGI Common Gateway Interface

CGI-BIN Common Gateway Interface - Binary

CGLI City and Guilds of London Institute

CGM Computer Graphics Metafile

CGPM Compiler Generation for Parallel Machines

CGRM Computer Graphics Reference Model

CGS Continuous - Grain Silicon

CHAP Challenge Hand - Shake Authentication Protocol

CHAT Conversational Hypertext Access Technology

CHCK Channel Check

CHCP Change Code Page

CHDIR Change Directory

CHFN Change Finger

CHGRP Change Group

CHIPS Channel Incentive Program for Sales


Check Disk

CHMOD Change Mode

CHOWN Change Owner

CHP Chapter

CHR Character

CHRP Common Hardware Reference Platform

CHS Class Hierarchy Specification

CHS Cylinder Head Sector

CI Component Interface

CI Configuration Item

CIA Current instruction Address

CIAC Computer Incident Advisory Capability

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CICRIS Commercial and Industrial Cooperative Reference and Information Service

CICS Custom Information Control System

CICS/VS Customer Information Control System / Virtual Storage

CID Charge - Injection Device

CID Configuration / Installation / Distribution

CIDR Classless Inter - Domain Routing

CIF Customer Information Feed

CIF Cell Information Field

CIF Common Intermediate Format

CIFS Common Internet File System

CIK Conference on Information and Knowledge

CIM Common Information Model

CIM CompuServe Information Manager

CIM Computer Input from Microfilm

CIM Computer Integrated Manufacturing

CIM Center for Information Management

CIOCS Communication Input / Output Control System

CIP Capital Improvement Projects

CIP Common Indexing Protocol

CIP Command Interface Port

CIR Committed Information Rate

CIR Committed Information Rate

CIRC Circular Reference

CIRC Cross - Interleaved Reed - Solomon

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CIS Computer and Information Science

CIS Card Information Structure

CIS Client Information System

CIS Contact Image Sensor

CIS CompuServe Information Service

CIS Computer Information Systems

CIS Customer Information System

CIS Center for Information Security

CISC Complex Instruction Set Computer

CISIE Center for Information Systems Integration and Evolution

CIT Computer -Integrated Telephony

CITED Copyright in Transmitted

Electronic Documents

CIVR Computer and Interactive Voice Response

CIX Compulink Information Exchange

CIX Commercial Internet Exchange

CJCS Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

CJLI Command Job Language Interpreter

CKD Count Key Data

CKPO Count Key Progressive Overflow

CL Confidence Level

CL Cirrus Logic

CL Connectionless

CLA Cary Lockheed Addition

CLAR Channel Local Address Register

CLASS Client Access to Systems and

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CLASS Cooperative Library Agency for Systems and Services

CLASS Custom Local - Area Signaling Services

CLC Clear Carry Flag

CLD Clear Direction Flag

CLG Common Language Grammar

CLI Clear Interrupt Flag

CLI Client Library Interface

CLI Compare Logical Immediate

CLI Call Level Interface

CLI Command -Line Interpreter

CLI Command Line Interface

CLIB C Library

CLID Common Language Independent set of Database

CLID Calling Line Identification

CLIST Command List

CLK Clock

CLK Caps Lock Key

CLLM Consolidated Link Layer Management

CLM Compose Logical Under Mask

CLNP Connection Less Network Protocol

CLNS Connectionless Network Service

CLOS Common Lisp Object System

CLP Clipboard

CLP Cell Less Priority

CLP Constraint Logic Programming

CLR Cell Lass Ratio

CLS Custom Link Series

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CLS Clear Screen

CLSF Connectionless Server Function

CLTP Connection Less Transport Protocol

CLTS Clear Task Switch flag

CLTV Constant Linear Time Velocity

CLU Constant Linear Velocity

CLUI Command Line User Interface

CLUT Color Look - Up Table

CLV Constant Linear Velocity

CM Configuration Management

CM Conceptual Model

CM Corrective Maintenance

CM Control Mark

CMA Concert Multi - thread Architecture

CMAC Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller

CMC Controlled Motion Compresation

CMC Common Messaging Calls

CMC Common Mail Calls

CMC Communication Management Configuration

CMC Computer - Mediated Communication

CMD Command

CMD Circuit Mode Data

CMF Creative Music Format

CMIM Control Program for Microprocessor

CMIP Common Management Information Protocol

CMIP Common Management Interface Protocol

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CMIS Client - Side Image Maps

CMIS Common Management Information Service

CMIS Common Management Information System

CMISE Common Management Information Service Element

CML Conceptual Modeling Language

CML Current Mode Logic

CML Computer Managed Learning

CMM Compatibility Maturity Model

CMMS Computerized Maintenance Management Software

CMMU Cache / Memory Management Unit

CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

CMOV Conditional Move

CMP Configuration Management Plan

CMPS Computer Music Performance System

CMPS Compare Word String

CMS Code Management System

CMS Compiler Monitor System

CMS Conversation Monitor System

CMS Color Management System

CMS Configuration Management System

CMS Control Mini Slot

CMTB Cache Mire Test Bench

CMU Carnegie Melon University

CMVC Configuration Management Version Control

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CMW Compartment Mode Workstation

CMY Cyan, Magenta, Yellow

CMYK Cyan Magenta Yellow & Blake

CN Computer Network

CNA Certified NetWare Administrator

CNAPS Co-processing Node Architecture for Parallel Systems

CNC Computerized Numerical Controller

CNC Create New Contact

CNC Computer Numerical Control

CNE Certified NetWare Engineer

CNES Centre National D'etudies Spatiales

CNF Configuration

CNI Commisia Nationala de Informatica

CNI Certified Novell Instructor

CNIDR Clearinghouse for Network Information Discovery and Retrieval

CNLS Connectionist Normalized Linear Spline Network

CNM Communication Network Management

CNN Cellular Neural Network

CNN Composite Network Node

CNR Carrier to Noise Ratio

CNS Connected Station

CNSS Core Nodal Switching Subsystem

CNV Conventional

CNX Certified Network Expert

CO Command Output

CO Convert Out

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CO Central Office

COAM Customer Owned And Maintained

COAST Computer Operations, Audit and Security Technology

COAST Card On A Stick

COB Chip - On - Board

COB Coupling Between Object Classes

COBOL Common Business Oriented Language

COBRA Common Object Request Broker Architecture


Constructive Cost Model


Conference On Data System Language

CODE Computation - Oriented Display Environment

CODE Client - server Open Development Environment

CODEC Compression / Decompression

CODEC Codificator - Decodificator

CODIL Context Dependent Information Language

COFF Common Object File Format

COGO Coordinate Geometry

COL Computer Oriented Language

COL Collision

COLD Computer Output to Laser Disk

COLD Common Object - oriented Language for Deign

COLL Collision

COM Command

COM Component Object Model

COM Computer Output Microfilm

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COM Continuation of Message

COM Common Object Model

COMA Cache Only Memory Architecture

COMD Complex Object Data Models


Computer Dealers Exhibition

COMET Cornell Macintosh Terminal Emulator

CON Console

CONS Connection - Oriented Network Service

COOC Concurrent Object Oriented C

COPICS Communications Oriented Production Information and Control System

COPS Computer Oracle and Password System

COQ Cost of Quality

COR Common Object


CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CoREN Corporation for Research and Enterprise Network

COS Connection Oriented Service

COS Common Object Service's

COS Compatible Operating System

COSE Combined Office Standard Environment

COSE Common Open Software Environment

COSIP Computer Open Systems Implementation Program

COSMIC Computer Software Management and Information Center


Computer System for Mainframe Operations

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COSS Common Object Services Specification

COWBP Compression Order with Bounded Prediction

CP Compare Packed

CP Copy Protected

CP/M Control Program for Minicomputer

CPC Computer Program Component

CPC Constant Point Calculation

CPCI Computer Program Configuration Item

CPCS Common Part Convergence Sublayer

CPCS Check Processing Control System

CPDI Consolidate Process Data Interface

CPE Cover Page

CPE Customer Premises


CPE Central Processing Element

CPE Customer Provided Equipment

CPFF Cost Plus Fixed Fee

CPG Clock Pulse Generator

CPI Code Page Information

CPI Clock Per Instruction

CPI Common Programming Interface

CPI Common Part Indicator

CPI Customizing Process Interaction

CPI Character Per Inch

CPI-C Common Programming Interface for Communications

CPIF Cost Plus Incentive Fee

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CPIO Copy In and Out

CPL Control Panel

CPL Current Privilege Level

CPLD Complex Programmable Logic Device

CPM Critical Path Method

CPODA Contention PODA

CPQ Central Processing Queue

CPS Cycles Per Second

CPS Characters Per Second

CPSR Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility

CPT Command Pass Through

CPU Central Processing Unit

CPW Commercial Processing Workload

CR Carriage Return

CR/LF Carriage Return / Line Feed

CRAM Cyberspatial Reality Advancement Movement


Create Your Own Newspaper

CRB Consensus Recovery Block

CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check

CRC Class - Responsibility Collaboration

CRCN Concurrent Read Concurrent Write

CRD Cardfile

CRD Chord

CREM Corporation for Research and Educational Networking

CREN Computer Research Education Network

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CREN Corporation for Research and Education Networking

CREW Concurrent Read Exclusive Write

CRF Cross Reference File

CRF Cable Retransmission Facility

CRI Color Reproduction Indices

CRI Compositional Rule of Interface


Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining

CRL Carnegie Representation Language

CRM Cell Rate Margin

CROM Control Read Only Memory

CROS Capacitive Read Only Storage

CRP Collision Resolution Period

CRS Cell Rate Service

CRS Conflict Resolution Set

CRT Collision Resolution Techniques

CRT Cathode Ray Tube

CRTC CRT Controller

CRUD Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete

CS Clear to Send

CS Chip Select

CS Code Segment

CS Convergence Sublayer

CS/SS Card Service/socket Service

CSA Calendaring and Scheduling API

CSA Concept Studies Approval

CSAR Channel System Address Register

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CSB Common Sense Builder

CSC Computer Software Component

CSCI Computer Software Configuration Item

CSCW Computer Supported Cooperative Work

CSD Circuit - Switched Data

CSD Computer Services Department

CSD Corrective Service Diskette

CSDS Circuit Switched Data Service

CSE Certified System Engineer

CSFI Communication Subsystem for Interconnection

CSG Constructive Solid Geometry

CSG Consulting Services Group

CSI CompuServe


CSI Command Sequence Introducer

CSID Call Subscriber ID

CSL Computer Sensitive Language

CSLIP Compressed Serial Time Interface Protocol

CSM Client Supplier Model

CSM Communications Services Manager

CSM Code Set Map

CSMA Carrier Sense Multiple Access


Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Avoidance


Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

CSMS Customer Support Management System

CSN Card - Select Number

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CSNET Computer & Science Network

CSO Computing Services Offices

CSO Central Services Organization

CSP Constraint Satisfaction Problem

CSP Certified Systems Professional

CSP Chip - Scale Packaging

CSP Commercial Subroutine Package

CSP Compucom Speed Protocol

CSP Communicating Sequential Processes

CSP Cross System Product

CSPDN Circuit Switched Public Data Network

CS-PDU Convergence Sublayer Protocol Data Unit

CSRS Collaborative

Software Review System

CSS Cascading Style Sheets

CSS Continuous System Simulator

CSS Contact Start - Stop

CSSA Computer Service and Software Association

CSSM Client - Server Systems Management

CSTA Computer - Supported Telephony Applications

CSTA Concurrent Search Tree Algorithm

CSU Channel Service Unit

CSU Channel Switching Unit

CSU Channel Service Unit

CSV Circuit - Switched Voice

CSV Comma - Separated

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CSV Common Services Verbs

CSW Channel Status Word

CT Component Type

CTB Cipher Type Byte

CTC Channel to Channel

CTC Counter Timer Circuit

CTCP Client - To - Client Protocol

CTD Cell Transfer Delay

CTE Content Transfer Encoding

CTI Computer Telephony Integration

CTLP Cluster and LP Algorithm

CTMC Continuos Time Markov Chain

CTOS Computerized Tomography Operating System

CTOS Convergent Technologies Operating System

CTPA Coax - to - Twisted - Pair Adapter

CTRCO Calculating, Tabulating, Recording Company

CTS Customer Telephone System

CTS Clear to Send

CTSS Compactable Time Sharing System

CUA Common User Access

CUB Cursor Backward

CUD Cursor Down

CUE Custom Updates and Extras

CUF Cursor Forward

CUG Closed User Group

CUI Character - oriented User Interface

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CUI Common User Interface

CUP Cursor Position

CUPID Completely Universal Processor I/O Design

CUSI Configurable Unifier Search Engine

CUSIP Committee for Uniform Security Identification Procedures

CUT Control Unit Terminal

CUTE Clarkston University Terminal Emulator

CUU Cursor Up

CVB Convert Packed Decimal to Binary

CVD Convent Binary to Packed Decimal

CVF Compressed Volume File

CVGA Color Video Graphics Array

CVIA Computer Virus Industry Association

CVR Comment Volume Ration

CVRP Cost Versus Risk Parameter

CVS Coded Video Stream

CVW CodeView for Windows

CW/H Call Wait / Hold

CWA Closed Word Assumption

CWD Convert Word to Double Word

CWD Change Working Directory

CWIS Community Wide Information Service

CWIS Campus Wide International System

CWQC Company Wide Quality Control

CWSS Collaborative Work Support System

CYL Cylinder

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CYMK Cyan - Yellow - Magenta - Black

Page 56: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

DD/C/T Design Code Test

D/CP Decomposition / Composition Principe

D/R Direct or Reverse

D2C Decimal to Character

D2T2 Dye Diffusion Thermal Transfer

D2X Decimal to Hexadecimal

DA Double Addressing

DA Design Associate

DA Destination Address

DA Desk Accessory

DAA Decimal Adjust Accumulator

DAA Decimal Adjust for Addition

DAB Digital Audio Broadcasting

DAC Divide And Conquer

DAC Discretionary Access Control

DAC Data Acquisition and Control

DAC Dual Attachment Concentrator

DAC Digital to Analog Converter

DAD Desktop Application Director

Dad Data Administrator

Dadm Data Administration

DAG Distributed Acyclic Graph

DAG Directed Acyclic Graph

DAI Distributed AI

DAL Dedicated Access Line

DAL Data Access Language

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DAL Disk Access Lockout

DAM Data Acquisition and Monitoring


DAO Data Access Object

DAP Data Access Protocol

DAP Developer Assistance Program

DAP Directory Access Protocol

DAPIE Developers Application Programming Interface Extensions

DAPM Data Administration Program Manager

DAPMO Data Administration Program Manager Office

DARI Database Application Remote Interface

DARMS Digital Alternate Realization of Musical Symbols

DARPA Defuse Advanced Research Projects Agency

DART Digital Audio Reconstruction Technology

DARTS Distributed Architecture for Real Time Systems

DAS Dual Attachment Station

DAS Decimal Adjust for Subtraction

DASD Direct Access Storage Device


Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Information Management

DASP Data Administration Strategic Plan

DAT Digital Audio Tape

DAT Disk Array Technology


Data Communications

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DATE Data Acquisition Test Environment

DAV Digital Audio - Video

DAVIC Digital Audio - Visual Council

DAW Digital Audio Workstation

DB Define Byte

DB DataBase

DB Data Buffer

DB Device Bay

DBAd Database Administrator

DBAdm Database Administration

DBB Distributed Bulletin Board

DBC Data Base Connector

DBC Device Bay Controller

DBCS Double - Byte Character Set

DBCS Delivery Bar Code


DBF Database

DBI Decomposition Based Induction

DBIS Dun & Bradstreet Information Services

DBIT Define Bit

DBL Data Base Language

DBM Data Base Manager

DBMS Data Base Management System


Data Base Management System / Data Storage Classification

DBP Determinate Baize Plane

DBPL Data Base Programming Language

DBR Detailed Bug Report

DBR Dos Boot Record

DBS Database System

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DBS Data Base Server

DBTD Database Transcription Design

DBTG Database Task Group

DBU Dial Back Up

DBV Digital Broadcast Video

DC Data Collection

DC Direct Current

DC Data Control

DC Data Communication

DC Device Control

DCA Document Content Architecture

DCA Digital Communication Associates

DCAF Distributed Console Access Facility

DCAM Direct Chip Attach Module

DCAM Digital Camera

DCB Disk Coprocessor Board

DCB Device Control Block

DCB Data Control Block

DCC Direct Client Chat

DCC Digital Compact Cassette

DCC Data Country Code

DCC Digital Command Control

DCC Direct Client Connection

DCC Direct Cable Connection

DCC Display Combination Code

DCD Data Carrier Detected

DCE Data Circuit - terminating Equipment

DCE Data Communications Equipment

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DCE Distributed Computing Environment

DCED Distributed Computing Environment Daemon

DCF Data Communication Facility

DCF Data Compression Facility

DCF Data Count Field

DCF Driver Configuration File

DCI Display Control Interface

DCI Document Creation and Interchange

DCL Dynamic Class Loading

DCL Digital Command Language

DCL Data Control Language

DCL DEC Command Language

DCL Device Clear

DCL Declaration

DCL Digital Control Logic

DCO Define Cell Origin

DCOM Distributed Component Object Model

DCP Discrete Communicating Processes

DCP Data Call Plus

DCR Dynamic Control Routing

DCS Distributed Computing System

DCS Data Collection System

DCS Data Control System

DCS Distributed Control System

DCS Desktop Color Separation

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DCSS Digital Customized Support Services

DCT Dictionary

DCT Discrete Cosine Transform

DCU Data - Cache Unit

DCVN Digital's Customer Video Network

DD Depacketization Delay

DD Date Definition

DD Double Density

DD Digital Display

DDA Detailed Diagram of Activity

DDA Digital Differential Analyzer

DDA Domain - Defined Attribute

DDA Distributed Data Access

DDA Demand Deposit Account

DDB Distributed Data Bases

DDB Device Descriptor Block

DDB Device Dependent Bitmap

DDBMS Distributed DBMS

DDBS Distributed Data Base System

DDC Digital Data Channel

DDC Direct Digital Control

DDC Display Data Channel

DDC1 Display Data Channel One

DDCMP Digital Data Communications Message Protocol

DDCP Direct Digital Color Proof

DDCS Distributed Database Connection Services

DDD Direct Distance Dialing

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DDD Data Definition Language

DDE Direct Data Entry

DDE Dynamic Data Exchange

DDEML Dynamic Data Exchange Manager Library

DDF Dynamic Data Formatting

DDH Drop Dead Halt

DDI Device Driver Interface

DDI Direct Dial In

DDI Digital Document Interchange

DDI Director of Defense Information

DDI(FIM) Director of Defense Information, Functional Information Manager

DDK Device Driver Kit

DDL Data Description Language

DDL Data Definition Language

DDL Document Description Language

DDM Drop Down Menu

DDM Distributed Data Management

DDN Defense Data Network

DDNS Dynamic Domain Naming System

DDP Distributed Data Processing

DDP Datagram Delivery Protocol

DDPM Data Design Project Management

DDR Data and Dimensionality Reduction

DDRS Defense Data Repository System


Double Data Rate-SDRAM

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DDS Digital Dataphone Service

DDS Design Data Sheet

DDS Distributed Database Services

DDS Digital Data Storage

DDS Distributed Directory Service

DDX Dialog Data Exchange

DDX Digital Data Exchange

DE Device End

DE Debugging Extension

DE Discard Eligibility

DEA Data Encryption Algorithm

DEAL Deductive Algebra

DEC Device Clear

DEC Decrement

DEC Digital Equipment Corporation

DECB Data Event Control Block

DECNET Digital Equipment Corporation Networking

DED Date Environment Designer

DEDS Dispute Event Decision System

DEF Defaults

DEF Definitions

DEF Desktop Functional Equivalent

DEI Data Extraction Interface

DEIM Divide Et Impera Method

DEK Data Encryption Key

DEL Delete

DELSTR Delete String

DEM Demonstration

DEM Digital Elevation

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DEN Document Enabled Networking

DEO Dialogue Element Description

DER Distinguished Encoding Rules

DES Description

DES Data Entry Sheet

DES Data Encryption Standard

DET Device Execute Trigger

DF Data Field

DF Destination Field

DF Device Flag

DF Double Flag

DF Direction Flag

DFA Deterministic Finite Automation

DFC Data Flow Control

DFD Data Flow Diagram

DFG Data Flow Graph

DFL Divide Floating Long

DFM Data Flow Model

DFM Design For Manofacturability

DFS Depth First Search

DFS Distributed File System

DFS Distributed File Services

DFS Design For Serviceability

DFSCC Distributed File Service Client Component

DFSMS Data Facility Storage Management Subsystem

DFT Design For Testability

DFT Diagnostic Function Test

DFT Distributed Function

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DFT Discrete Fourier Transform

DFU Data File Utility

DG Design Group

DGB Design Guideline Base

DGC Data General Corporation

DGIS Direct Graphics Interface Standard


DHCP Dynamic Host Control Protocol

DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

DHL Dynamic Head Loading

DHP Dr. Halo Pic

DHT Double Hashing Technique


DI Destination Index

DI Data In

DIA Document Interchange Architecture

DIB Directory Information Base

DIB Device Independent Bitmap

DIB Dual Independent Bus

DIBOL Dec Business Oriented Language

DIC Dictionary

DICE Delivering Information in a Cellular Environment

DID Data Inter Description

DID Direct Inward Dialing

DIDS Distributed Intrusion Detection System

DIF Drawing Interchange Format

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DIF Data Interchange Format

DIGIT Diffusion Internet Group in Information Technology

DII Dynamic Invocation Interface

DIIP Direct Interrupt Identification Port

DIME Dual Independent Map Encoding

DIMM Dual In-line Memory Module

DIN Deutsche Industrie Norm

DIO Data Input - Output

DIP Dialup Internet Protocol

DIP Dual In-line Pin

DIP Digital Image Processing

DIP Document Image Processing

DIP Dual In-line Package

DIR Directory

DIS Dynamic Impedance Stabilization

DIS Data Integration Server

DIS Draft International Standard

DISA Data Interchange Standards Association

DISA Direct Inward System Access

DISA Defence Information System Agency

DISP Displacement

DIT Directory Information Tree

DIVE Direct Interface Video Extension

DIW D - Inside Wire

DIZ Description In Zip

DJO Distributed Java Kit

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DKBS Distributed Knowledge Base System

DKE Data & Knowledge Engineering

DL/1 Data Language One

DLC Data Link Control

DLC Distributed Loop Carrier

DLCI Data Link Connection Identifier

DLD Display List Driver

DLE Data Link Escape

DLFRN Discrete-state Local Feedback Recurrent Network

DLH Dialogue Level Help

DLL Doubly Linked List

DLL Dynamic Link Library

DLM Distributed Lock Manager

DLM Dynamic Link Module

DLM Distributed Lock Manager

DLP Digital Light Processing

DLR DOS LAN Requester

DLRU Distributed LRU

DLS Data Link Switching

DLT Digital Linear Tape

DLU Dependent Logical Unit

DM Data Management

DM Descriptive Model

DM Distributed Memory

DMA Direct Memory Addressing

DMA Direct Memory Access

DMA Dynamic Memory Allocation

DMAC DMA Controller

DMACS Distributed Manufacturing

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Automation & Control Software

DMCP Data Manipulation and Control Package

DMD Directory Management Domain

DMD Digital Micromirror Device

DME Direct Memory Execution

DME Distributed Management Environment

DMF Distribution Media Format

DMI Desktop Management Interface

DMI Definition of Management Information

DMI Desktop Management Interface

DML Declarative Markup Language

DML Data Manipulation Language

DMM Digital Multimeter

DMMS Dynamic Memory Management System

DMOS Double - diffused Metal - Oxide Semiconductor

DMP Dot Matrix Printer

DMPA Distributed Memory Parallel Architecture

DMPC Distributed Memory Parallel Computer

DMPDU Derived Mac PDU

DMPM Data Measurement Process Model

DMPP Distributed Memory Parallel Processor

DMQS Display Mode Query and Set

DMS Data Management Software

DMS Document Management System

DMS Database Management System

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DMS Data Management System

DMSD Digital Multistandard Decoding

DMSS Distributed Mass Storage System

DMT Discrete Multi - Tone

DMTF Desktop Management Task force

DMU Digital Mock - Up

DMY Day Month Year

DNA Distributed Network Architecture

DNA Digital Network Architecture

DNC Distributive Numerical Control

DNC Direct Numerical Control

DNIC Data Network Identification Code

DNIS Dialed Number Identification Service

DNS Domain Name


DNS Domain Name System

DO Distributed Objects

DO Data Out

DOB Dynamic Object Binding

DOC Documentation

DOC Document

DOCSV Data Over Circuit - Switched Voice

DOD Distributed Object Development

DoD Department of Defense


DoD Data Administator

DOE Distributed Objects Everywhere

DOF Degrees Of Freedom

DOIP Dial Other Internet Providers

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DO-IT Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking and Technology

DOM Document Object Model

DOM Distributed Object Model

DOMF Distributed Object Management Facility

DOOC Distributed Object Oriented Computing

DOOL Distributed Object Oriented Language

DOS Disk Operating System

DOS Distributed Object System

DOSEM DOS Emulation

DOV Data Over Voice

DOW Day Of Week

DP Data Processing

DPA Demand Protocol Architecture

DPA Document Printing Architecture

DPAM Demand Priority Access Method


Data Parity Enable

DPB Drive Parameter Block

DPC Direct Program Control

DPCA Distributed and Parallel Computer Architecture

DPI Dots Per Inch

DPI Distributed Protocol Interface

DPL Descriptor Privilege Level


DPM Dual Processor Memory

DPM Digital Panel Meter

DPM Data Project Management

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DPMA Data Processing Management Association

DPMI DOS Protected Mode Interface

DPMS Display Power Management Signaling

DPMS Display Power Management Support

DPO Data Phase Optimization

DPS Document Processing System

DPS Develop Processing Specification

DPSK Differential Phase Shift Keying

DPtoTP Display Coordinates to Tablet Coordinates

DPU Dual Processor Unit

DQ Define Quadword

DQBD Distributed Queue Dual Bus

DQE Data Quality


DQL Data Query Language

DQS Distribution Queuing Services

DR Data Received


Dial-up Router Bandwidth On Demand

DRAM Dynamic RAM

DRAW Direct Read After Write

DRD Distributed RAM Disk

DRDA Distributed Relational Database Architecture

DR-DOS Digital Research - Disk Operating System

DRDW Direct Read During Write

DRE Dynamic Recompilation Emulator

DRI Digital Research Incorporated

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DRO Destructive Read - Out

DRO Data Request Output

DROW Direct Read During Rate

DRS Driver Resource

DRS Document Registration System

DRSP Define Required System Processing

DRV Drive

DRW Drawing

DRW Draw

DS Data Send

DS Data Server

DS Double Sided

DS Data Segment

DS Directory Service

DS/DD Double - Sided, Double Density

DS0 Digital Signal Level 0

DS1 Digital Signal Level 1

DSA Directory System Agents

DSA Digital Signature Algorithm

DSAP Destination Service Access Point

DSC Document Structuring Committee

DSC Dominant Sequence Clustering

DSD Direct Stream Digital

DSDD Double Sided, Double Density

DSE Data Encryption Standard

DSEA Display Station Emulation Adapter

DSECT Dummy Control Section

DSF Derive System Function

Page 73: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

DSG Default Slot Generator

DSHD Double Sided, High Density

DSI Dynamic Skeleton Interface

DSIS Distributed Support Information Standard

DSL Dynamic Simulation Language

DSL Digital Subscriber Line

DSLAM Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

DSM Document Structure Matrix

DSM Digital System Maps

DSMA Digital Sense Multiple Access

DSMR Dual - Stripe Magneto - Restrictive

DSN Deep Space Network

DSN Delivery Service Notification

DSNG Digital Satellite New Gathering

DSOM Distribute System Object Model

DSP Domain Specific Part

DSP Digital Signal Processor

DSP Directory Synchronization Protocol

DSQD Double Sided, Quad Density

DSQM Design Software Quality Model

DSR Data Set Ready

DSR Device Status Register

DSS Decision Support System

DSS Digital Signature Standard

DSSD Defense System Software Development

Page 74: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

DSSD Data Structure System Design

DSSI Digital Standard Systems Interconnect

DSSS Direct - Sequencing Spread Spectrum

DSSSL Document Style Semantics and Specification Language

DSTN Double Supertwisted Nematic

DSU Digital Service Unit

DSU Data Switching Unit

DSU Data Service Unit

DSU Distribution Service Unit

DSVD Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data

DSW Device Status Word

DSW Data Status Word

DSX Digital Signals Cross-connect

DT Define Ten Byte

DT DMPDU Trailer

DTA Disk Transfer Address

DTC Design Technology Conference

DTC Desktop Conferencing

DTD Document Type Definition

DTE Data Terminal Equipment

DTE Dumb Terminal Emulator

DTF Distributed Test Facility

DTL Dialogue Tag Language

DTL Diode Transistor Logic

DTLS Descriptive Toplevel Specification

DTM Data Modeling Techniques

Page 75: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

DTM Distributed Test Methodology

DTMF Data Tone Multiple Frequency

DTMF Dual - Tone Multi - Frequency

DTP Distributed Transaction Processing

DTP Data Transfer Protocol

DTP Desktop Publishing

DTP Distributed Transaction Process

DTR Data Transfer Rate

DTR Data Terminal Ready

DTR Data Trouble Report

DTS Distributed Time Service

DTV Desktop Video

DTVC Desktop Video Conferencing

DU Disk Usage

DUA Directory User Agent

DUAL Diffusing Update Algorithm

DUAT Direct User Access Terminal

DUD Define User Dialogues

DUN Dial - Up Networking

DUNCE Dial Up Network Connection Enhancement

DUP Define User Processes

DV Desqview Script

DVB Digital Video Broadcasting

DVC Desktop Video Conferencing

DVD Digital Video Disc

DVD-E Digital Video Disc Erasable

DVD-R Digital Video Disc Recordable

Page 76: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


Digital Versatile Disc - RAM


Digital Versatile Disc - ROM

DVE Digital Video Effects

DVI Device Independent

DVI Digital Video Interactive

DV-I Digital Video Interactive

DVMRP Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

DVP Digital Video Product

DVR Device Driver

DVST Direct View Storage Tube

DW Define Word

DW Data Warehouse

DWMT Discrete Wavelet Multitone

DXC Data Exchange Control

DXC Digital Cross (x)-connect

DXDE Datechannel XML Development Environment

DXF Drawing Interchange Formal

DXI Data Exchange Interface


Dynamic Source

Page 77: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

EEA Extended Address

EA Effective Address

EAC Estimate At Completion

EAF Establish Analysis Framework

EAG Extended Attribute Grammar

EAM Extended Andorra Model

EAN European Articles Numbering

EAP Enquiry Access Path

EAR External Access Register

EARA Entry - Attribute - Relationship - Aggregate

EARN European Academic Research Network

EAROM Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory

EARS Electronic Access to Reference Services

EARS Electronic Authoring and Routing System

EARS Explicit Archive and Retrieval System

EAT Estimation Quality Factor

EATA Enhanced At Bus Attachment

EB Exabyte

EB Executive Board

EBC Environment - Based Constraints

EBC EISA Bus Controller

EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

EBCT Electron Beam Computed Tomography

EBI Equivalent

Page 78: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Background Input

EBI Extended Background Investigation

EBP Error Backpropagation

EBT Electronic Benefits Transfer

EBU European Broadcasting Union

EC Error Control

EC Electronic Commerce

ECA Event - Condition - Action

ECAI European Conference on Artificial Intelligence

ECAL Enjoy Computing And Learn

ECAM Extended Communication Access Method

ECAT Electronic Card Assembly and Test

ECB Electronic Codebook

ECB Event Control Block

ECC Error Correcting Code

ECC Error Check Code

ECC Elliptic Curve Crypt

ECC Error Checking and Correction

ECCTIS Educational Counseling and Credit Transfer Information Service

ECD Effect Correspondence Diagram

ECD Enhanced Compact Disk

ECD Enhanced Color Display

ECDSA Elliptic Curve Criptosystems Such As

ECDSA Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm

ECF Enterprise Framework Communication

ECHO European

Page 79: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Commission Host Organization

ECI External Call Interface

ECIS European Conference On Information Systems

ECL Emitter - Coupled Logic

ECM Error - Correction Mode

ECM Electronic Control Module

ECMA European Computer Manufacturer Association

ECNE Enterprise Certified NetWare Engineer

ECP Engineering Change Proposal

ECP Extended Capabilities Port

ECPA Electronic Communications Privacy Act

ECR Efficient Consumer Response

ECS Enhanced Chip Set

ECSA Exchange Carriers Standards Association

ECTF Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum

ECTL Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe

ECU EISA Configuration Utility

ED Erase Display

ED End Delimiter

EDA Electron Design Automation

EDA Embedded Document Architecture

EDB Extensional Data Base

EDC Electronic Digital Computer

EDC Enhanced Data Correction

EDC Error Detection and Correction

Page 80: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


Error Detection Code / Error Correction Code

EDDC Extended Distance Data Cable

EDFS Earliest Deadline First Service

EDGAR Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval

EDI Electronic Document Interchange

EDI Echange de Documents Informatisés

EDI Electronic Data Interchange

EDIF Electronic Design Interchange Format

EDL Environment Description Language

EDL Edit Decision List

EDLC Ethernet Data Link Control

EDM Evidence - based Data Mining

EDM Extended Data Modeling

EDMS Electronic Document Management System

EDMs Enterprise Wide Data Models

EDO Extended Data Out

EDP Electronic Data Processing

EDP Event Driver Programming

EDPM Electronic Data Processing Machine

EDRAM Extended Dynamic Random Access Memory

EDS Enterprise Digital Switch

EDS Electronic Data Systems

EDSAC Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Computer

EDVAC Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer

Page 81: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

EE Extended Edition

EEC Extended Error Correction

EED Extended Entry Description

EEL Epsilon Extension Language

EEM Event - Entry Modeling

EEMAC Electrical & Electronic Manufacturers of Canada

EEMS Enhanced Expanded Memory Specification

EEP Edge Election Problem


Electrically Erasable Programmable Read - Only Memory

EER Extended ER

EES Escrow Encryption Standard

EFA Extended File Attribute

EFD Early Finish Date

EFD Event Forwarding

EFD Event Forwarding Discriminator

EFF Electronic Frontier Foundation

EFI Electronics For Imaging

EFIGS English, French, Italian, German, Spanish

EFL Emitter Follower Logic

E-FORM Electronic Form

EFQM European Foundation for Quality Management

EFR Enhanced Full Rate

EFSM Extended Finite State Machine

EFT Electronic Founds Transfer

EFT Earliest Task First

EFTS Electronic Funds Transfer System

Page 82: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

EG Exception Generator

EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter

EGD Enhanced Graphics Display

EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol

EGREP Extended Global Regular Expression Print

EGRP Exterior Gateway Routing Protocol

EHDFD Extra High Density Floppy Disk

EHLLAPI Emulator High Level Language Application Programming Interface

EHV Extra High Voltage

EIA Electronic Industries Association

EIA-RS 232

Electronic Industry Association Revised Standard 232

EIDE Enhanced IDE

EIP Extended Instruction Pointer

EIR Excess Information Rate

EIS Executive Information System

EIS Engineering Information System

EIS Environment Impact Statement

EISA Extended ISA

EKE Encrypted Key Exchange

EKF Extended Kalman Filter

EL Erase Line

ELAN Emulated Local Area Network

ELC Embedded Linking and Control

ELC Equally weighted Linear Combination

ELF Executable and Linkable Format

Page 83: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ELF Extremely Low Frequency

ELIC Embedded Losses Image Compression

ELS Entropy Logarithmic Scale

ELS Entry Level System

EM End of Medium

EM Electronic Mail

EM Expanded Memory

EM Expectation - Maximization

EMA Electronic Mail Association

EMA Enterprise Management Architecture

EMACS Editing Macros

E-MAIL Electronic Mail

EMB Evaluation Model Base

EMB Extended Memory



Electronic Mail Broadcast to A Roaming Computer

EMC Enhanced Memory Chip

EMC Extended Math Coprocessor

EMC E-Mail Connection

EMM Expanded Memory Manager

EMR Electronic Medical Record

EMR Enhanced Metafile Record

EMS Electronic Message Service

EMS Electronic Mail System

EMS Expanded Memory Specification

EMS Enterprise Management Station

EMSAPI Extended Messaging Services Application Programming

Page 84: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


EMWAC European Microsoft Windows NT Academic Center

ENC Encoded

ENDEC Encoder / Decoder

ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator Analyzer and Computer

ENQ Enquirer Character

ENS Enterprise Network Services

ENSS Exterior Nodal Switching Subsystem

EOA End Of Address

EOB End Of Block

EOC End Of Conversion

EOF End Of File

EOF Enterprise Objects Framework

EOI End Or Identify

EOI End Of Interrupt

EOI End Of Intercept

EOJ End - Of - Job

EOL End Of Line

EOL End Of List

EOM End Of Message

EOR Exclusive Or

EOS End of String

EOS Earth Observing System

EOT End of Table

EOT End of Text

EOT End of Tape

EOT End of Transmission

EOT End of Transmission

EP Echo Protocol

EPAC Extended Privilege Attribute Certificate

EPD Elementary Process

Page 85: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


EPET Elapsed Pure Execution Time

EPIC Electronic Privacy Information Center

EPIC Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing

EPL Effective Privilege Level

EPLD Electrically Programmable Logic Device

EPM Enhanced Editor for Presentation Manager

EPM Enterprise Process Management

EPOS Electronic Point - Of - Sale

EPP Enhanced Parallel Port

EPROM Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

EPROM Electrically Programmable Read Only Memory

EPS Encapsulated Post Script

EPSF Encapsulated Port Script File

EPU Event Processing Unit

EQF European Quality Framework

EQS European Quality Standard

ER Entity Relationship

ER/RC Extended Result / Response Code

ERA Extended Registry Attributes

ERA Entry Relation Attributes

ERAS Electronic Routing and Approval System

ERD Emergency Repair Disk

ERD Entry Relationship Diagram

ERDM Enhance Required Data Model

Page 86: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

EREW Exclusive Read Exclusive Write

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ERLL Enhanced Run Length Limited

ERMA Electronic Recording Method, Accounting

ERO Echo Remote Object

EROM Erasable Read Only Memory

EROS Earth Resources Observation System

ERRL Enhanced Run Length Limited

ERT External Reference Table

ERU Emergency Recovery Utility

ES Extra Segment

ES Exchange Server

ES Embedded System

ESA Enterprise Systems


ESA European Space Agency

ESAS Enterprise Strategic Advisee System

ESC EISA System Component

ESC/P Epson Standard Code for Printers

ESCE Expert - System - Consultation Environment

ESCM Extended Services Communications Manager

ESCON Enterprise System Connection

ESD Electronic Software Distribution

ESD External Symbol Dictionary

ESDE Expert - System - Development Environment

ESDI Enhanced Small Device Interface

Page 87: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ESDI Enhanced System Device Interface


Enhanced SDRAM

ESEG Experimental Software Engineering Group

ESF Extended Super - Frame

ESI Enhanced Serial Interface

ESILD Expert System for Interpreting Log Date

ES-IS End System to Intermediate System protocol

ESM European Satellite Multimedia

ESMR Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio

ESN Electronic Security Number

ESN European Source & News

ESP Enhanced Serval Port

ESP Encapsulating Security Payload

ESP Emulation Sensing Processor

ESP Enhanced Service Provider

ESP Enhanced Serial Port

ESR Event Service Routine

ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute

ESS Executive Support System

ESS Electronic Switching System

ESU Electro - Static Unit

ET Enhancement Technology

ETACS Extended Total Access Communication System

ETANN Electrically Trainable Artificial Neural

Page 88: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


ETB End of Transmission Block

ETC Estimation to Complete

ETC Enterprise Technology Concepts

ETC Electronic Toll Collection

ETC Enhanced Throughput Cellular

ETCQ Embedding Trellis Coded Quantization

ETD Event Trace Diagram

ETF Enriched Text Format

ETOM Electron - Trapping Optical Memory

ETS Econometric Time Series

ETVX Entry Task Validation - Exit

ETX End of Text

EU Execution Unit

EU Extended Unix code

EUC End User Computing

EUI End - User Interface

EUI External User Interface

EULA End User License Agreement

EVA Explicit Vector Language

EVE Extensible VAX Editor

EVGA Extended Video Graphics Area

EVRP Extended Vehicle Routing Problem

EVT End Validity Time

EWAN Emulator Without A good Name

EWDA Enterprise Wide Data Access

EWS Employee Written Software

ExCA Exchangeable Card Architecture

Page 89: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

EXE Executable

EXM Enterprise Messaging Exchange

EXP Exponent

EXT External

EXTRN External Reference

Page 90: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

FF Flag

F/T Full Time

F2F Face to Face

FAA Folding And Adding

FACOLA Face Coder based on Location and Attention

FACT Federation of Automated Coding Technology

FACTS Fast Adaptive Context Template Selection

FAL File Access Listener

FALCON Fuzzy Adaptive Learning Control Network

FALVQ Fuzzy Algorithm for Learning Vector Quantization

FAM Fuzzy Associative


FAMOS Floating Gate Avalanche MOS

FANS Future Air Navigation System

FAP File Access Protocol

FAP File Allocation Problem

FAPI Family Application Program Interface

FAPM Functional Activity Program Manager

FAQ Frequently Asked Questions

FAQL Frequently Asked Questions List

FARNET Federation of American Research Networks

FASIC Function and Algorithm - Specific Integrated Circuit

FAT Feature Attribute Table

FAT File Allocation Table

Page 91: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

FBA Full Bit Array

FBP Fast Backpropagation algorithm

FBT Full Binary Trees

FC/AL Fiber Channel / Arbitrated Loop

FC/EL Fiber Channel / Enhanced Loop

FCA Foundation Configuration Audit

FCB File Control Block

FCC Federal Communication Commission

FCC Freeman Character Coding

FCC File Carbon Copy

FCCSET Federal Coordinating Council for Science, Engineering and Technology

FCFS First - Come, First - Serve

FCI Flux Changes per


FCIM Function Component Implementation Map

FCP File Color Property

FCPDD First Cut Physical Data Design

FCPH Fast Compression of Periodic Halftones

FCR Fault tolerant Compressionless Routing

FCR FIFO Control Register

FCS Frame Check Sequence

FCS Fiber Channel Standard

FCS Fast Circuit Switching

FCS Frame Check Sequence

FCS Finite Coordinate Space

FD Fixed switching Delay

FD Full Duplex

Page 92: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

FD Floppy Disk

FDAd Functional Data Administrator

FDAS Fixed Dependency After Send

FDBS Federated Data Base System

FDC Floppy Disk Controller

FDC Full Duplex Communication

FDD Floppy Disk Drive

FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface

FDDI Full Duplex Data Interchange


FDF Form Definition File

FDHD Floppy Disk High - Density

FDI Fixed Dependency Interval

FDISK Fixed Disk

FDM Frequency - Division Multiplexing

FDM Fused Deposition Modeling

FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

FDX Full Duplex

FEA Finite Element Analysis

FEBE Far End Block Error

FEC Forward Error Correction

FECN Forward Explicit Congestion Notification

FED Field Emission Display

FEFO First - Ended, First - Out

FEM Finite Element Method

FEP Front End Processor

FEPI Front End Programming

Page 93: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)




FeRAM Ferroelectric RAM

FERF Far End Reporting Failure

FEs Framing Environments

FESDK Far East Software Development Kit

FET Final Element Type

FET Field Effect Transistor

FF Form Feed

FF Flip - Flop

FFA Ford Fulkerson Algorithm

FFD Float File Database

FFDC First Failure Data Capture

FFL Free Form Language

FFNC Feedforward Neuro - Controller

FFP Firm Fixed Price

FFS Federal Financial System

FFS Fast File System

FFST First Failure Support Technology

FFT Fast Fourier Transform

FFT Final Form Text

FFV Freeze Frame Video

FG Frame Grabber

FG Floating Gate

FGCS Fifth Generation Computer System

FGCSP Fifth Generation Computer Systems Project

FGK Faller - Gallager Knuth Algorithm

FGM Fuzzy Generic Modeling

FGREP Fixed Global Regular

Page 94: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Expression Print

FGSM First Generation Security Methods

FGW Freelance Graphics for Windows

FH Function Header

FHD File Huffman Decoding

FHE File Huffman Encoding

FHS Fan Heat - Sink

FIB File Processor Buffering

FIF Fractal Image Format

FIFO First In First Out

FILO First - In, Last - Out

FIM Functional Information Manager

FIMS Form Interface Management System

FIN Financial

FIP Fast Infrared Port

FIPS Federal Information Processing Standards

FIR Fast Infrared

FIRM Flood Rate Insurance Map

FIRST Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams

FIS Final Information Statistics

FIU Fingerprint Identification Unit

FIX Federal Internet Exchange

FLA Four Letter Acronym

FLC Fixed Length Code

FLE Fixed Length Entropy

FLL FoxPro Link Library

FLOP Floating Point Operation

FLOPS Floating Point Operations per Second

Page 95: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

FLOWID Flow Identifier

FLR Folder

FLS Filelist Location Server

FLVQ Fuzzy Learning Vector Quantization

FM Frequency Modulation

FMC Flexible Manufacturing Cells

FMLP Feedforward Multilayer Perceptron

FMO Floppy Disk Magnetic Optical

FMS File Management System

FMS Flexible Manufacturing System

FMS Forms Management System

FMT Format

FMV Full Motion Video

FMVA Full Motion Video Adapter

FNEA Failure Node and Effect Analysis

FNF First Normal Form

FOCUS Federation On Computing in the United States

FOCUS Forum of Control data Users

FOD Fax On Demand

FOG First Osborne Group

FOIRL Fiber Optic Inter Repeater Link

FOL First Order Logic


Free On - Line Dictionary Of Computing

FOOPS Functional and Object Oriented Programming System


Formula Translation

FOSE Federal Office Systems Exposition

Page 96: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

FOSI Format Option Specification Instance

FOSSIL Fido / Opus / Seadog Standard Interface Layer

FP/PD Function Point per Person Day

FPA Function on Points Analysis

FPC Floating Point Calculation

FPCE Floating - Point C Extension

FPD Full Page Displays

FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array

FPI Functional Process Improvement

FPL From Physical Layer

FPLA Field Programmable Logic Array

FPM Fast Page Mode

FPN Folder Petersen Network


FPP Floating Point Processor

FPP Fixed Path Protocol

FPR Floating - Point Register

FPS Frames Per Second

FPS Favorite Picture Selection

FPSR Floating Point Status Register

FPT Forced Perfect Termination

FPU Floating Point Unit

FQDN Fully Qualified Domain Name

FQR Formal Qualification Review

FR Frame Relay

FRAD Frame Relay Access Device

FRAD Frame Relay

Page 97: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Assembler / Disassembler

FRAM Ferromagnetic Random Access Memory

FRC Functional Redundancy Checking

FRED Front - End to Dish

FRED Frame Editor

FRPI Flux Reversals Per Inch

FRS Functional Requirements Specifications

FRU Field Replaceable Unit

FS Fuzzy Systems

FS File Separator

FSCL Frequency Sensitive Competitive Learning

FSD File System Driver

FSDC Full Structure Definition Compiler

FSDL Full Structure Definition Language

FSE Full Screen Editor

FSF Free Software Foundation

FSK Frequency - Shift Keing

FSMs Finite State Machines

FSN Full Service Network

FSP File Service Protocol

FSP File / Print Server Protocol

FSR Force Sensing Resistor

FSR Free System Resources

FSS File Sharing Services

FST Flat Square Tube

FT1 Fractional T1

FTAM File Transfer Access Method

FTAM File Transfer, Access,

Page 98: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

and Management

FTC Federal Trade Commission

FTI Fault Tolerant Indexing

FTL Flash Transition Layer

FTM Flat Tension Mask

FTMP Fault Tolerant Multiprocessor

FTP File Transfer Protocol

FTPD File Transfer Protocol Daemon

FTS Federal Telecommunication System

FTS Fault Tolerant Software

FTTB Fiber To The Building

FTTC Fiber To The Curb

FTTE Fiber To The Exchange

FTX Fault Tolerant Unix

FUD Fear Uncertainty and Doubt

FUI File Update Information

FURM Function / User Role Matrix

FVT Full Video Translation

FVU Fraction of Variance Unexplained

FWIW For What It's Worth

FWLC Fixed Word Length Computer

FX Field Exchange

FYI For Your Information

Page 99: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

GGA Genetic Algorithm

GAL Generic Array Logic

GAP General Argumentation Blow

GAPI Gateway Application Programming Interface

GART Graphics Address Relocation Table

GAT Group-based Adaptive Tolerance

GATT Graphics Address Translation Table

GB Gigabytes

Gb Gigabits

GBML Genetics - Based Machine Learning

GBN Go Back N algorithm

Gbps Gigabits Per Second

GBSB Generalized Brain State in a Box

GBT Glass Box Testing

GBTT Generalized Backpropagation - Trough - Time

GC Garbage Collector

GC Guarded Commands

GCAC Generic Connection Admission Control

GCC Global Collect Call

GCC GNU C - Compiler

GCCD Glass - passivated Ceramic Chip Diode

GCE General Competitive Equilibrium

GCNN Gram Charlier Neural Network

GCR Group Code Recording

GCRA Generic Cell Rate Algorithm

Page 100: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

GCSI Generalized Coved Set Induction

GCWA Generalized Closed Word Assumption

GD Grand Debug

GDA Generalized Deterministic Annealing

GDA Global Data Area

GDB Graphic Datapath Builder

GDC Global Date Connection

GDDK Graphics Device Driver Kit

GDDM Graphical Data Display Manager

GDE Generic Decryption Engine

GDG Generation Data Group

GDI Graphical Device Interface

GDLC Generic Data Link Control

GDMO Guidelines for the Definition of Management Objects

GDP Graphic Draw Primitive

GDS Global Directory Service

GDSS Group Decision Support System

GDT Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing

GDT Graphics Development Toolkit

GDT Global Descriptor Table

GDU Global Dial - Up

GE Global Exact

GECOS General Electric Comprehensive Operating System

GEIS General Electric Information Service

GEM Generalized Estimation -

Page 101: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


GEM Graphics Environment Manager

GEMS Greatest Electronic Mail System

GENIE General Electric Network for Information Exchange


Generator Lock

GEOS Graphic Environment Operating System

GERT Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique

GET Get Execute Trigger

GFC Generic Flow Control

GFI General Format Identifier

GFOS Get From Other Side

GGP Gateway - Gateway Protocol

GI Graphical Interface

GIF Graphics Interchange Format

GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out

GII Global Information Infrastructure

GILS Government Information Locator Service

GIPE Generation of Interactive Programming Environment

GIS Geographic Information System

GIS Global Information Solutions

GIX Global Internet Exchange

GKS Graphical Kernel System

GL Graphics Language

GLIS Global Land Information System

GLM General Linear Models

Page 102: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

GLS Global Learning Scheme

GLT Generalized Linear Test

GLT Generalized Linear Test

GLVQ Generalized Learning Vector Quantization

GLY Glossary

GMA Gaussian Marking Algorithm

GMD General Media Descriptor

GMD Generalized Messages Diagram

GMI Geometric Visual Interface

GML Generalized Markup Language

GMP Global Mobile Professional

GMS Global Management System

GMS Global Messaging Service

GMT Greenwich Mean Time

GNN Global Network Navigator

GNOME GNU Network Object Model Environment

GNP Gross National Prudent

GNU GNU is Not Unix

GOE Geometry Object Extension

GOLTS Greedy Off Live Textual Substitution

GoM Graphs of Models

GOMS Goals, Operators, Methods and Selection

GOOD General Object Oriented Design

GOSIP Government Open System Interconnection Profile

GP General Purpose

Page 103: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

GPBA General Parameter Based Approach

Gpbs Gigabits per second

GPE Generalized Prediction Error

GPF General Protection Fault

GPI Graphics Programming Interface

GPIB General - Purpose Interface Bus

GPL Generations of Programming Language

GPL General Purpose Interface

GPM Gradient Projection Methods

GPO Global Program Optimization

GPR General Purpose Register

GPRC Glass Passivated Rectifier Chip

GPS Global Telegraph and Telephone

GPS Global Positioning System

GPS Global Positioning Satellite

GPSS General Purpose Simulator System

GPU Generic Program Unit

GPU Graphics Processing Unit

GQF Generic Quality Framework

GQM Goal - Quality Metrics

GRADD Graphics Adapter Device Driver

GRCM Global Rule Checkest Metric

GRE Graphics Engine

GREP Global Regular Expression Print

GRIT General Risk Information Template

GRNN Generalized

Page 104: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Regression Neural Network

GS Global Separator

GS Group Separator

GSI Gray Scale Image

GSI G2 Standard Interface

GSI General Server Interface

GSM Generic System Model

GSM Global Shared Memory

GSM Global System for Mobile communications

GSNW Gateway Service for NetWare

GSP Generic Server Passer

GSPN Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets

GSQM Global Software Quality Management

GSRN Good / Services

Received Notes

GSTN General Switched Telephone Network

GSU Georgia State University

GTAL Graphical Task Analysis Language

GTD Global Descriptor Table

GTDR Global Descriptor Table Register

GTL Gunning Transceiver Logic

GTO Guide To Operations

GTP Geometry Theorem Prover

GUI Graphical User Interface

GUID Globally Unique Identifier

GuSS Guided Social Simulation

GVM Global Variance Measure

Page 105: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

GVT Global Virtual Time

GW General Waiting


Gee Whiz BASIC


Page 106: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

HHAD Hierarchical

Aggregation Decompression

HAD Hierarchical Aggregation Disaggregation

HAGO Have A Good One

HAL Hardware Abstraction Layer

HAL Heuristically Programmed Algorithm

HARN High Accuracy Reference Network

HAS Hybrid Access System

HBA Host Bus Adapter

HBS Harvard Business School

HCA Huffman Coding Algorithm

HCB High Capacity Battery

HCC Horizontal Cell Collection

HCI Human - Computer Interaction

HCN Hierarchical Computer Network

HCS Header Check Sequence

HD Hamming Distance

HD Hard Disk

HD High Density

HDB Heterogeneous Database

HDB Historical Database

HDBMS Hierarchical Database Management System

HDBS Heterogeneous Data Base System

HDC Half Duplex Communication

HDD Hard Dick Drive

Page 107: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

HDF Hierarchical Data Format

HDF High Density Factor

HDL Hardware Design Language

HDLC High-level Data Link Control

HDM Historical Data Model


High - Density Multimedia Compact - Disc

HDR Header

HDSL High bit rate Digital Subscriber Line

HDTV High Definition TV

HDx Half Duplex

HEC Header Error Code

HEC Hyperelipsoidal Clustering

HECA Hardware Error Confinement Area

HEM Hyper Exponential Model

HEMT High Electron Mobility Transistor

HEPC Home Entrainment Personal Computer

HERTIS Herfordshire Technical Information Service

HEX Hexadecimal

HF Hashing Function

HF High Frequency

HFS Hierarchical File System

HGA Hercules Graphics Adapter

HGC Hercules Graphics Card


HyperText Transfer Protocol Next Generation

HIBC Health Industry Bar Code

HIBCC Health Industry Business Communications Council

Page 108: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

HIC Hybrid Image Compression

HICSS Hawaii International Conference on Systems Science

HIM Historical Information Management

HIO Halt Input / Output

HIPO Hierarchy Input Process Output

HIPPI High Performance Parallel Interface

HIS Hypermedia Interchange Standard

HLCs High Level Components

HLI High Level Integration

HLL High Level Language

HLLAPI High - Level Language Application Programming Interface

HLS Hue Lightness Saturation

HM Heuristic Method

HMA High Memory Area

HMA Hub Management Architecture

HMD Head - Mounted Display

HMI Human - Machine Interface

HMM Hidden Markov Modules

HMMU Hardware Memory Management Unit

HNL Hierarchy Nesting Level

HNN Hopfield Neural Network

HNR Handwritten Numeral Recognition

HNR Host Not Responding

HOB Head Of Bus

HOB High - Order Bus

HOL High Order Language

Page 109: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

HOOD Hierarchical Object Oriented Design

HOOP Hypertext Object Oriented Programming

HOOPS Hierarchical Object Oriented Picture System

HOP High Order Perception

HP Hewlett Packard

HP/UX Hewlett - Packard's version of Unix

HPC High Performance Computing

HPC Handheld PC

HPCC High - Performance Computing and Communications

HPF High Performance Fortran

HPFS High Performance File System

HPGL Hewlett - Packard Graphics Language

HPIB Hewlett - Packard Interface Bus

HPPI High Performance Peripheral Interface

HPPLL Hewlett - Packard Printer Control Language

HPSG Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar

HRA Historical Relational Algebra

HRSC High Resolution Source Coding

HSBU High - Speed Buffer Unit

HSDB High Speed Ring Bus

HSM Hierarchical Storage Management

HSP High Speed Printer

HSSI High Speed Serial Interface

HST High Speed Technology

HSTS Hubble Space Telescope Scheduling

Page 110: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

HSYNC Horizontal Synchronization

HT Headland Technologies

HTI Human / Technology Integration

HTML HyperText Markup Language

HTN Hierarchical Task Network

HTO Host Timed Out

HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HTTPD Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Daemon

HVP Horizontal - Vertical Projections

HW Hardware

HWCIS Hardware Configuration Items

HWPO Hashing With Progressive Overflow

Hz Hertz

Page 111: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

II/EMS Integrated / Engineery

Modeling System

I/O Input / Output

I/O A Input / Output Area

I/O C Input / Output Channel

I/O C Input / Output Controller

I/O D Input / Output Device

I/O P Input / Output Port

I/O P Input / Output Processor

I/O S Input / Output Statement

I/OS Input / Output Structures

I/OSD Input / Output Structure Description

I2C Inter Integrated


I2L Integrated Injection Logic

I2O Intelligent Input / Output

IAB Internet Activities Board

IAB Internet Architecture Board

IAC Inter - Application Communication

IAG Instruction Address Generation

IAHC International Ad Hoc Committee

IAK Internet Access Kit

IAL International Algebraic Language

IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority

IANS International Article Numbering System

IAP Internet Access Providers

Page 112: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IAS Interactive Application System

IAT Import Address Table

IAUP Internet User Account Provider

IBC Instrument Bus Computer

IBM Industry Business Machines

IBM-AT IBM - Advanced Technology

IBM-GL IBM Graphics Language

IBM-PC International Business Machine Personal Computer

IBP Indeterminate Basic Plan

IBS Internet Billing Server

IBSP Internet Billing Server Protocol

IC Integrated Circuit

IC Individual Chips

IC Interrupt Controller

IC Input Circuit

ICA Intra - application Communications Area

ICA Intelligent Console Architecture

ICAP Internet Calendar Access Protocol

ICAS Intel Communicating Applications Specifications

ICAs Image Compression Algorithms

ICB Internet Citizen's Band

ICC Intercomputer Communication Corp

ICCP International Consortium of Computing Professionals

ICCP Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals

ICCS Indention Conditioned Cover Sets

Page 113: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ICD Investigate Current Data

ICD Interface Control Document

ICD In Circuit Debuggers

ICD International Code Designator

ICE Information and Content Exchange

ICE Internet Connections for Engineering

ICE Integrated Computing Environment

ICE In - Circuit Emulator

ICES Interference - causing Equipment Standard

ICF Interactional Cryptography Framework

ICGSVD Iterative Conjugate Gradient Singular - Value Decomposition

ICI Interface Control Information

ICI Intercarrier Interface

ICI Image Component Information

ICIS International Conference on Information Systems

ICL Interface Clear

ICLID Incoming - Call Line Identification

ICM Incremental Computation Model

ICM Incoming Message

ICM Image Color Matching

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol

ICNN International Conference on Neural Network

ICO Icon

ICP Internal Caching Protocol

ICP Integrated Channel Processor

ICR Intelligent Character Recognition

Page 114: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ICS Institute of Computer Service

ICS Intuitive Command Structure

ICS Intergraph Computer Systems

ICSAPI Internet Connection Services API

ICSS Internet Connection Secure Server

ICT Information and Communication Technology

ICT Intermodule Communication Tool

ICU Interface Control Memory

ICU Instruction - Cache Unit

ICU Intel Configuration Utility

ICU ISA Configuration Utility

ID Identification

ID Identifier

IDA Intelligent Drive Array

IDA Integrated Digital Access

IDA Intelligent Disk Array

IDAPI Integrated Database Application Programming Interface

IDAPI Independent Database API

IDB Internal Drive Bay

IDC Integrated Database Connector

IDC Integrated Desktop Connector

IDC Internet Database Connector

IDC Interactive Data Capture

IDDD International Dedicated Direct Dial

IDDE Integrated Development & Debugging

Page 115: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


IDE Integrated Development Environment

IDE Intelligent Drive Electronics

IDE Interactive Design and Engineering

IDE Interface Design Enhancement

IDE Integrated Drive Electronics

IDEA International Date Encryption Algorithm

IDEF Integrated Data Engineering Facility

IDEL Interface Design Evaluation Language

IDES Interface Description and Evaluation System

IDEs Impact Differential Equations

IDF Intermediate Distribution Frame

IDG Inter - Dialog GAP

IDI Initial Domain Identifier

IDIV Integer Divide

IDL Interface Description Language

IDL Interactive Data Language

IDL Interface Diffusion Language

IDL Interface Definition Language

IDM Integrated Data Management

IDMS Integrated Data Base Management System

IDN Integrated Digital Network

IDNX Integrated Digital Network Exchange

IDP Integrated Data Processing

IDP Internet Datagram Protocol

IDR Investigate & Define

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IDR Intelligent Document Recognition

IDSL Internet Digital Subscriber Line

IDT Interrupt Descriptor Table

IDT Interface Design Tool

IDU Interface Data Unit

IDX Index

IE Internet Explorer

IEC International Electrotechnical Commission

IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers

IEF Information Engineery Facility

IEMSI Interactive Electronic Mail Standard Identification

IEN Internet Experiment Notes

IEPG Internet Engineering and Planing Group

IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group

IET Initial Element Type

IETF Internet Engineering Task Force

IF Interrupt Flag

IFC Internet Foundation Classes

IFD Image File Directories

IFF Interchange File Format

IFG Inter - Frame GAP

IFG Incoming Fax Gateway

IFIP International Federation Information Processing

IFP Instruction Fetch Pipeline

IFPUG International Function Point Users Group

Page 117: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IFR Interface Repository

IFS Instable File System

IFSM Information Systems Management

IGA Integrated Graphics Array

IGBT Insulated - Gate Bipolar Transistor

IGC Integrated Graphics Controller

IGES Initial Graphics Exchange Standard

IGES Initial Graphics Exchange Specification

IGFET Insulated - Gate Field Effect Transistor

IGMP Internet Group Multicast Protocol

IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol

IGMP Internet Group Membership Protocol

IGP Interior Gateway Protocol

IGRP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

IGS Internet Go Server

IHD Integrated Help Desk

IHV Independent Hardware Vendor

II/O Intelligent Input / Output

IIBR Inheritance Interface Based Refinement

IIF Immediate Interface

III Interstate Identification Index

IIL Integrated Injection Logic

IIOP Internet Inter - ORB Protocol

IIP Information Interface and Presentation

IIP Impact Indirection Procedure

IIR Immediate Impulse Response

Page 118: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IIS Internet Information Server

IIS Institute of Information Scientists

IISP Interim Interswitch Signaling Protocol

IITF Information Infrastructure Task Force

IJAIT International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools

IJCGA International Journal of Computational Geometry and Applications

IJCIS International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems

IJCP Ink Jet Color Printer

IJFCS International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science

IJHSC International Journal of Height Speed Computing

IJPRAI International Journal of Pattern

Recognition and Artificial Intelligence

IJSEKE International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering

IJUFKS International Journal of Uncertainty, Fuzziness and Knowledge-based Systems

IKP Internet Keyed Payments

ILA Image Light Amplifier

ILMI Inter Local Management Interface

ILS International Language Support

ILU Independent Logical Unit

IM Information Management

IMA Interactive Multimedia Association

IMACS Image Management and Communication

Page 119: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


IMAP Internet Message Access Protocol

IMAP Interactive Mail Access Protocol

IMC Internet Mail Consortium

IMDS Image Data Stream

IME Input Method Editor

IMG Image

IMHO In My Humble Opinion

IML Initial Microcode Load

IMNO Implementing Multiple Networked Objects

IMO In My Opinion

IMP Interface Massage Processor

IMP Information Message Processor

IMPA Intelligent Multi - Port Adapter

IMPDU Initial Mac Protocol Data Unit

IMR Internet Monthly Report

IMS Information Management System

IMS Intermediate Maintenance Standards

IMSP Internet Message Support Protocol

IMSSI Inter - MAN Switching System Interface

IMT Image Memory Translatable

IMT Inferential Modeling Technique

IMTC International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium

IMTV Interactive Multimedia Television

IMUL Integer Multiply

IMUX Inverse Multiplexer

Page 120: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

INC Increment

INCAS Incremental Architecture for distributed Systems

INCOSE International Council On Systems Engineering

INDEO Intel Video

INF Information

INI Initialize

INIC Internet Network Information Center

INM Integrated Network Management

INND Internet News Daemon

INS Integrated Network Server

INS Input String

INT Internal

INT Integer

INT International

INT Interrupt

INTA Interrupt Acknowledge

InTek Integration Technologies

InterNIC Internet Network Information Center

IOC Inter - Office Channel

IOC Initial Operational Capability

IOCC Input / Output Channel Converter

IOCR Intelligent Optical Character Recognition

IOCS Input / Output Control System

IODE Integrated Development and Debugging Environment

IOE Integrated Office Environments

IOG Input Output Group

IOHMM Input Output Hidden

Page 121: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Markov Model

IOIS Inter - Organization Information System

IOP Input / Output Processor

IOPB Input / Output Permission Bitmap

IOPL Input / Output Privilege Level

IOQ Input Output Queue

IOR Interoperable Object Reference

IOS Internetwork Operating System

IOS Inter Object Synchronization

IOSGA Input / Output Support Gate Array

IP Instruction Pointer

IP Internet Protocol

IP Internetwork Protocol

IPBF Installed Peripheral Base Flexibility

IPC Institute for interconnecting and Packaging electronic Circuit

IPC Interprocess Communication

IPC Instructions Per Clock

IPC Interprocess Commutation

IPC Information Processing Center

IPCP Internet Protocol Control Protocol

IPDS IBM Personal Dictation System

IPDS Intelligent Printer Data Stream

IPFC Information Presentation Facility Compiler

IPI Intelligent Peripheral Interface

IPIDs Interface Pointer Identifiers

IPL Initial Program Load

Page 122: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IPL Information Programming Language

IPM Interpersonal Message

IPM Images Per Minute

IPNG Internet Protocol, Next Generation

IPO Input Process Output

IPP Internet Packing Protocol

IPP Internet Printing Protocol

IPRA Internet PCA Registration Authority

IPSE Integrated Programming Support Environment

IPSE Integrate Project Support Environment

IPSEC IP Security

IPSJ Information Processing Society of Japan

IPX Internet Packet


IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange

IPX/SPX Internet Packet Exchange / Sequenced Packet Exchange

IQC Indeo Quick Compressor

IQL Interactive Query Language

IR Information Retrieval

IR Immediate Restart

IR Infrared

IR Instruction Register

IRAM Integrated RAM

IRC Internet Relay Chat

IRC Interrupt Request Controller

IRCCN Input - space RCCN

IRD Internet Resource Directory

Page 123: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IRD Integrated Receiver / Descrambler

IRDA Infrared Data Association

IRDS Information Resource Dictionary System

IRET Interrupt Return

IRF Intermediate Routing Function

IRF Inheritance Rights Filter

IRG Inter - Record GAP

IRGB Intensity Red Green Blue

IRIS Image Recognition Integrated Systems

IRL Inter - Repeater Link

IRL Interactive Reader Language

IRLAP Infrared Link Access Protocol

IRM Information Resource Management

IRQ Interrupt Request

IRS Interface Requirements Specification

IRT Inverse Radon Transform

IRTF Internet Research Task Force

IRX Information Retrieval Experiment

IS Interrupt Status

IS Information System

IS Intermediate System

IS Information Strategy

ISA Integrated Services Architecture

ISA Industry Standard Architecture

ISA Instruction - Set Architecture

ISAKMP Internet Security Association Key Management Protocol

ISAM Indexed Sequential Access Method

Page 124: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ISAPI Internet Server API

ISAPI Internet Server Application Program Interface

ISBN Integrated Satellite Business Network

ISBN International Standard Book Number

ISC Internet Software Consortium

ISC Inter - Systems Communication

ISC Instruction Set Computer

ISD Image Section Descriptor

ISD Instructional Systems Design

ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network

ISDU Isochronous Service Data Unit

ISE Input Sensitivity Equation

ISG Information Storage Group

ISG Interactive System Group

ISH Information Super Highway

ISI Internally Specified Index

ISIS Integrated Systems and Information Services

ISIS Intelligent Scheduling and Information System

IS-IS Intermediate System - to - Intermediate System

ISKM Internet Starter Kit for the Macintosh

ISL Interactive System Language

ISM Integrated System Management

ISMF Interactive Storage Management Facility

ISMN Information System in Mobile Networks

Page 125: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ISO International Standards Organization


International Organization for Standardization / Open System Interconnection Model

ISOC Internet Society

ISP Internet Service Provider

ISP International Standardized Profiles

ISP Interrupt Stack Pointer

ISP Interrupt Status Port

ISPA Internet Service Providers Association

ISPF Interactive System Programming Facility

ISR Information Storage and Retrieval

ISR Interrupt Status Register

ISR Interrupt Service


ISS Integrated Silicon System

ISSI Inter - Switching System Interface

ISSLL Integrated Services over Specific Link Layers

ISSN International Standard Serial Number

ISSS Initial Sector Suit System

ISV Independent Software Vendors

IT Information Technology

ITAA Information Technology Association of America

ITB Intermediate Text Block

ITB Information Technology Branch

ITCC Internet Training and Certification Consortium

Page 126: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ITE Information Technology Equipment

ITF Interactive Test Facility

ITF Improvement Time Factor

ITI Intelligent Transportation Infrastructure

ITIC Internet Telephony Interoperability Consortium

ITN Identification Tasking and Networking

ITP Integrated Product Team

ITPs In Circuit Test Probes

ITR Internet Talk Radio

ITS Intelligent Tutoring Systems

ITSEC Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria

ITSP Internet Telephony

Service Provider

ITU International Telecommunication Union

ITUG International Telecommunications User Group


ITU - Telecom Information Exchange Services

ITU-TSS ITU - Telecommunications Standards Section

ITV Interactive Television

ITV International Telecommunication Union

ITX Intermediate Text block

IU Integer Unit

IUAP Internet User Account Provider

IUS/ITB Interchange Unit Separator / Intermediate Transmission Block

Page 127: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

IV Interactive Video

IV&V Independent Verification and Validation

IVIS Interactive Video Information System

IVL Intel Verification Lab

IVL Independent Vendor League

IVP Initial Value Problems

IVR Interactive Voice Response

IVS Interactive Videodisk System

IVT Interrupt Vector Table

IW Integrated Workstation

IXC Interexchange Circuit

IXC Interexchange Carrier

Page 128: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

JJ/SQL Java Structured

Query Language

JA Jump Address

JAD Joint Application Design

JAD Joint Application Development

JAE Jump if Above Or Equal

JANET Joint Academic Network

JAR Java Archive

JBE Jump if Below or Equal

JBOD Just a Bunch Of Disks

JC Jump if Carry set

JCE Java Cryptographic Extension

JCGIS Jefferson County

Geographic Information Systems

JCIN Jefferson County Information Network

JCL Job Control Language

JCMD Jefferson County Mapping Department

JCN Jittery Coding Nudnicks

JCOS Jefferson County Open Space

JDBC Java Data Base Connectivity

JDE Java Development Environment

JDK Java Developer Kit

JE Jump if Equal

JEDEC Joint Electron Device Engineering Council

JEIDA Japanese Electronics Industry Development Association

JEPI Joint Electronic Payment Initiative

Page 129: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

JES Job Entry System

JES Java Embedded Server

JFC Java Foundation Classes

JFIF JPEG File Interchange Format

JFM Junk Fax Mail

JFS Journalized File System

JG Jump if Greater

JGE Jump if Greater Or Equal

JGL Java Generic Library

JIDL Java Interface Description Language

JIPS Janet Internet Protocol Service

JIS Japan Industrial Standard

JIT Just - In - Time

JL Jump if Less

JLIP Joint Level Interface Protocol

JMAPI Java Management Application Programming Interface

JMF Java Media Framework

JMP Jump

JN Jordan Network

JNA Jump if Not Above

JNAE Jump if Not Above or Equal

JNB Jump if Not Below

JNBE Jump if Not Below or Equal

JNDI Java Naming and Directory Interface

JNG Jump if Not Greater

JNGE Jump if Not Greater Or Equal

JNI Java Native Interface

JNK Junk

Page 130: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

JNL Java Numerical Library

JNLE Jump if Not Less or Equal

JNO Jump if No Overflow

JNP Jump if No Parity

JNS Jump if No Sign

JNZ Jump if Not Zero

JOE Java Objects Everywhere


John Neumann Integrator and Automatic Computer

JOSS Johnniac Open Shop System

JOTC Joint Operability Test Center

JPE Jump if Parity Even

JPE Jet Propulsion Laboratory

JPEG Joint Photographic Expert Group

JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory

JPT Joe Project Tool

JS JavaScript

JS Jump if Sign

JSD Jackson Structured Development

JSD Jackson System Development

JSDK Java Servlet Development Kit

JSEP Joint Services Electronics Program

JSP Jackson Structured Programming

JSQ Joint the Shortest Queue

JSS Java-script Style Sheet

JTAPI Java Telephony Application Programming Interface

JTLW Java Type Library Wizard

Page 131: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

JTM Job Transfer and Manipulation

JTS Java Transaction Service


Jonzy's Universal Gopher Hierarchy Excavation And Display

JVM Java Virtual Machine

JWS Java Workshop

JWS Java Web Server

JZ Jump if Zero

Page 132: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

KKA Knowledge Aquisition

KARP Knowledge Aquisition Representation and Processing

KAS Kerberos Authentication Server

KB Kilobytes

Kb Kilobits

KBANN Knowledge Based Artificial Neural Network

KBD Keyboard

KBE Knowledge Based Engineering

KBps Kilobytes Per Second

Kbps Kilobits Per Second

KBS Knowledge Based Systems

KBSA/ Knowledge Based

ADM Software Assistant / Advanced Development Model

KDC Kerberos Distribution Center

KDD Knowledge Discovery in Databases

KDS Korean Data System

KDT Key Definition Table

KEDS Knowledge - based Equation Discovery System

KEFIR Key Findings Reporter

KHZ KiloHertz

KIDS Kertrel Interactive Development System

KIF Knowledge Interchange Format

KIS Knowbot Information Service

KKL Knowledge - based Kernel Language

KLM Knowledge Level Model

Page 133: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

KLOC Kilas Lines Of Code

KMP Knuth Morres Pratt

KNN K - Nearest Neighbor

KOPS Kilo - Operations Per Second

KORE Knowledge Object Relationship Environment

KOSI Knowledge Oriented Statistic Interface

KPI Kernel Programming Interface

KQML Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language

KRS Knowledge Retrieval System

KSAR Knowledge Source Activation Record

KSH Korn Shell

KSPH Keystrokes Per Hour

KSR Keyboard Send Receive

KSRT Keyboard Send Service Terminal

KWIC Key Word In Context

Page 134: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LL2TP Layer 2 Tunneling


LA Look - Ahead

LAA Locally Administrated Address

LADDR Layered Device Driver Architecture

LAG Logical Address Group

LAIS Local Area Interconnect Support

LALL Longest Allowed Lobe Length

LALR Look - Ahead Left to Right

LAMP Link Access Protocol for Modems

LAN Local Area Network

LANACS Local Area Network Asynchronous Connection Server

LANDP LAN Distributed Platform

LANE LAN Emulation

LAP Link Access Procedure

LAPB Link Access Protocol Balanced

LAP-B Link Access Procedure - Blanched

LAPD Link Access Procedure type D

LAPM Link Access Procedure for Modems

LAR Load Access Right

LASER Laboratory for Advanced Software Engineering Research

Laser Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation

LAST Local Area Storage Transport

LAT Local Access

Page 135: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


LAT Local Area Transport Protocol

LATA Local Access and Transfer Area

LAVC Local Area VAX Cluster

LAWN Local Area Wireless Network

LB Left Button

LB Letter Ballot

LBA Logical Block Addressing

LBG Line Buzo Gray

LBR Library

LBT Listen Before Talk

LBX Local Bus Accelerator

LCA Lotus Communications Architecture

LCC Loadless Chip Carrier

LCD Liquid Crystal Display

LCD Lowest Common Denominator

LCF Low Cost Fiber

LCF Logic for Computable Function

LCFS Last - Come, First - Serve

LCGN Logical Channel Group Number

LCID Label Connections Identifier

LCIDs Local Identifiers

LCK Library Construction Kit

LCM Least Common Multiple

LCMT Linguistically-based Conceptual Modeling Technique

LCN Logical Channel Number

LCOM Lock of Cohesion in Method

LCP Logical Construction

Page 136: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


LCP Link Control Protocol

LCR Line Control Register

LCS Lexical Conceptual Structures

LCS Lotus Customer Support

LCU Last Cluster Used

LDA Logical Device Address

LDA Linear Discriminant Network

LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

LDC Lossy Data Compression

LDC Lotus Development Corporation

LDCDF Local Direction Contributivity Density Fealure

LDF Largest Degree First

LDFM Logical Data Flow Model

LDI Linear Differential Inclusions

LDLP Language for Distributed Logic Programming

LDM Long Distance Modem

LDM Logical Data Module

LDP Load Protection

LDP Live Database Page

LDPD Logical Database Process Design


Logical Data Store / Entity Cross Reference

LDT Local Descriptor Table

LDV Lock Data View

LE Less Or Equal

LE Local Exact

LEA Load Effective Address

Page 137: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LEAF Law Enforcement Access Field

LEC LAN Emulation Client Service

LEC Local Exchange Carrier

LED Light Emitting Diode

LEL Link, Embed and Launch - to - edit

LEM Language Extension Module

LEN Low Entry Networking

LENNI LAN Emulation Network Node Interface

LEO LON Earth Orbit

LEP Loader Election Problem

LES LAN Emulation Server

LET Letter

LF Line Feed

LFAP Lightweight Flow Admission Protocol

LFD Late Finish Data

LFI Language Feature Interrogation

LFI Last File Indicator

LFN Long File Name

LFRN Local Feedback Recurrent Network

LFS Load Pointer and FS, GS

LFSR Linear Feedback Shift Register

LFT Low Function Terminal

LFU Least Frequently Used

LGA Leadless Grid Array

LGDE Logical Grouping of Dialogue Elements

LGDT Load Global Descriptor Table

LH Link Header

LHF Loading a Hash File

Page 138: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LHS Left Hand Side

LI Length Identifier

LIAS Library Information Access System

LIB Library

LIBRIS Library Information System

LIC Lossless Image Compression

LIC Line Interface Coupler

LICS Lotus International Character Set

LIDT Load Interrupt Descriptor Table

LIEP Large Internet Exchange Packet

LIF Low Insertion Force

LIFO Last In, First Out

LIFR Live Intern Fill Rate

LILO Last In, Last Out

LIM Lotus - Intel - Microsoft

LIM EMS LIM Expanded Memory Specification

LIMDO Light Intensity Modulation Direct Overwrite

LIMM Light Intensity Modulation Method

LIMS Library Information Management System

LINC Library and Information Cooperation Council

LIP Large Internet Packet

LIPS Lightweight Internet Person Schema

LIPS Logical Interface Per Second

LIPS Linear Inferences Per Second

LIS Logical IP Subnet

LIS Local Independent Subnet

LISA Library and

Page 139: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Information Science Abstract

LISP Language Independent Subtitling Program

LISP List Processing

LISP List Processor

LIU Logical Interface Unit

LIU LAN Interface Unit

LLC Logical Link Control

LLCP Logical Link Control Protocol

LLCs Low Level Components

LLDT Load Local Descriptor Table

LLF Low Level Format

LLI Low Level Input

LLI Low Level Integrations

LLL Low Level Language

LLV Lockheed Launch


LM Likelihood Method

LM/X LAN Manager for Unix

LMB Left Mouse Button

LMBCS Lotus Multi - Byte Character Set

LMCOA Link Monitor and Control Operator Assistant

LMD Last Modification Date

LMDS Local Multipoint Distribution Service

LME Layer Management Entity

LMF Low Motion Footange

LMI Local Management Interface

LMI Link Management Interface

LMS Least Mean Square

LMS Lotus Messaging Switch

Page 140: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LMSE Least Mean Square Error

LMSW Load Machine Status Word

LMU LAN Management Utilities

LMU LAN Manager for Unix

LN Logarithm

LN Load Number

LN:DI Lotus Notes : Document Imaging

LNNI LAN emulation Network Node Interface

LNV Large Noise Variance

LOC Line Of Code

LOC Loop On-line Control

LOD Level Of Detail

LODSB Load String Byte

LOE Level Of Effort

LOG Logarithm


Logistics Applications of Automated Marking and Reading Symbols

LOL Laughing Out Loud

LON Local Operating Network

LOOPE Loop While Equal


Loop While Not Equal

LOOPNZ Loop While Not Zero

LOOPZ Loop While Zero

LORE Line Oriented Editor

LP Lach Power

LP Line Printer

LP Long Play

LP Linear Programming

LPAR Logic Programming and Automated Reasoning

LPC Local Procedure Call

Page 141: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LPC Linear Predictive Code

LPD Line Printer Daemon

LPI Lines Per Inch

LPL Lotus Programming Language

LPL Logic Programming Language

LPM Lines Per Minute

LPMUD Programming Language MUD

LPN Logical Page Number

LPP Linear Programming Problem

LPR Line Printer Remote

LPS Low - Power Schottky

LPS Layered Product Support

LPT Local Printer

LPT Line Print Terminal

LQ Letter Quality

LQM Link Quality Monitoring

LR Left to Right

LR Link Register

LRC Local Register Cache

LRC Longitudinal Redundancy Check

LRFS Least Remain - First Service

LRL Least Recently Loaded

LRM Least Recently - used Master

LRM Language Reference Manual

LRO Locating Remote Objects

LRPC Lightweight Remote Procedure Call

LRS Language Resource

LRU Last Recently Used

Page 142: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LS Line Splitter

LSA LAN and SCSI Adapter

LSA Line Sharing Adapter

LSA Local Security Authority

LSAPI License Services Application Program Interface

LSB Last Significant Bit

LSC LIFO Stack Class

LSC Least Significant Character

LSD Least Significant Digit

LSI Large Scale Integration

LSL Link Support Layer

LSL Lach Shared Language

LSL Load Segment Limit

LSR Loop Structural Ratio

LSS Load Pointer SS

LSSF Last Square Spherical Fitting

LSSM Logical System Specification Module

LST Logical Listing Device

LSX Lotus Scripting Extension

LT Link Trailer

LT Line Termination

LTE Line Terminating Equipment

LTR Load Task Register

LTR Left - To - Right

LTW Long Term Workload

LU Logical Unit

LUA Logical Unit Application

LUI Local User Input

LUIS Library User Information Service

Page 143: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

LUN Logical Unit Number

LUNI LAN emulation User Network Interface

LUT Lookup Table

LV Logical Volume

LVM Logical Volume Management

LVQ Learning Vector Quantization

LVS Logic Verification Software

LW Lazy Write

LWR Loop Weight Ration

LYR Lyrics

LZA Lempel Ziv Algorithm

LZS Lempel Ziv Stack

LZW Lempel Ziv Welch

Page 144: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

MM3P2E Machinery Materials

Measurement People Process Environment

MA Medium Adapter

MAC Media Access Control

MAC Message Authentication Code

MAC Macintosh

MAC Medium Access Control

MAC Multiple Access Computers


Macintosh TCP

MACH Multilayer Actuator Head

MACOS Macintosh Operating System

MAD Median of the Absolute Deviations

MADE Manufacturing and Automated Design Engineering


Mathematical Dynamic Modeling

MAE Metropolitan Area Ethernet

MAE Mean Absolute Error

MAE Macintosh Application Environment

MAG Modular Attribute Grammar

MAI Multiple Applications Interface

MAN Metropolitan Area Network

MAN Manual

MANIAC Mathematical Analyzer Numerical Integrator And Computer

MAP Maintenance Analysis Procedures

MAP Memory Allocation Map

Page 145: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

MAP Manufacturing Automation Protocol

MAP Maximum A Posteriori

MAPI Messaging Application Program Interface

MAPICS Manufacturing, Accounting and Production Information Control System

MARS Multicast Address Resolution Servers

MARVEL Machine - Assisted Realization of the Virtual Electronic Library

MASM Macro Assembler

MASS Maximum Availability and Support Subsystem

MAT Maintenance Access Terminal

MAT Machine Assisted Translation

MATLAB Matrix Laboratory

MATS Modified Algorithmic Test Sequence

MAU Multistation Access Unit

MAU Media Adapt Unit

MAU Media Access Unit

MAU Medium Attachment Unit

MAVDM Multiple Application VDM

MAX Maximum

MaxEN Maximum Entropy Network

MB Mailbox

MB Middle Button

MB Mega Bytes

Mb Megabits

MBASIC Microsoft Basic

MBCS Multi - Byte Character Set

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MBD Model - Based Diagnosis

MBI Manpower Buildup Index

MBONE Multicast Backbone

MBps Megabytes per second

Mbps Megabits per second

MBR Master Boot Record

MBS Maximum Burst Size

MC Mega Cycle

MCA Micro Channel Architecture

MCA Micro Channel Adapter

MCA Micro Channel Architecture

MCAD Mechanical Computer Aided Design

MCAM Multiscale Content - Addressable Memory

MCB Message Control Block

MCB Memory Control Block

MCC Microelectronics and Computer Consortium

MCDV Maximum Cell Delay Variation

MCE Machine Check Enable

MCF MAC Convergence Function

MCF Message Security Protocol

MCF Meta Content Format

MCGA Multi Color Graphics Adapter

MCGA Monochrome Color Graphics Adapter

MCI Media Control Interface

MCIS Microsoft Commercial Internet System

MCL Microsoft Compatibility Labs

MCL Median - weighted Linear Combination

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MCLR Maximum Cell Loss Ration

MCM Multi Chip Module

MCNE Master Certified Novell Engineer

MCNS Maximum Conditional Node Span

MCNS Multimedia Cable Network System

MCP Multimedia Personal Computer

MCP MAC Convergence Protocol

MC-PGA Metallized Ceramic - Pin Grid Array

MCPS Microsoft Certified Product Specialist

MCPSM Multiresolution Critical - Point Segmentation Method

MCR Minimum Cell Rate

MCR Mixed Cell Reference

MCS Multicast Server

MCS Multicart Communication System

MCSE Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer

MCTD Maximal Cell Transfer Delay

MCU Microcontroller Unit

MCU Multi-chip Unit

MCU Multipoint Control Unit

MD Module Diagram

MD Make Directory

MD Mini Disk

MD Monochrome Display

MDA Multidimensional Analysis

MDA Monochrome Display Adapter

MDA Mini Driver Architecture

MDB Multimedia Database

MDBMS Multimedia Database

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Management System

MDC Message Driven Computation


Multidimensional Database Management System

MDF Menu Definition File

MDGD Multi - Dimensional Gaussian Distribution

MDI Medium - Dependent Interface

MDI Multiple Document Interface

MDI Memory Display Interface

MDIC Manchester Decoder and Interface Chip

MDK Multimedia Developers Kit

MDL Message Description Language

MDLP Module Data Link Protocol

MDR Minimum Design Requirement

MDR Malfunction Detection Report

MDT Microsoft Distributed Transaction

MDT Minimum Down -Time

MDY Month Day Year

MEB Memory Expansion Board

MEE Maximum Entropy Estimation

MEN Menu

MES Manufacturing Execution System

MESI Modified Exclusive Shared Invalid

MET Memory Enhancement Technology

MET Metafile

MFA Most Frequently Accessed

MFA Mean Field Annealing

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MFC Microsoft Foundation Classes

MFCL Microsoft Foundation Class Library

MFFS Microsoft Flash File System

MFL Multiple Floating Long

MFLOPS Millions of Floating Point Operations Per Second

MFM Modified Frequency Modulation

MFP Multi Function Peripheral

MFPI Multifunction Peripheral Interface

MFPS More From Program Status

MFS Model Formulation System

MFS Macintosh File System

MFS Memory File System

MFS Modified Filing System

MFT Master File Table

MFT Multiprogramming with a Fixed number of Tasks

MFTM Mean Field Theory Modrive

MGA Monochrome Graphics Adapter

MGE Modular GIS Environment

MGET Multiple GET

MGR Manager

MGSM Multi - Geometry Surface Model

MH Message Handler

MHD Minimum Hop Distance

MHEG Multimedia and Hypermedia Experts Group

MHI Master Help Index

MHS Message Handling System

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MHS Message Handling Service


Mapping and Hierarchical Self Organizory Neural Network

MHz Mega Hertz

MI Management Interface

MI/MIC Mode Indicate / Mode Indicate Common

MIB Management Information Base

MIC Musical Image Compression

MICA Multiprotocol Image Compression Algorithm

MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition

MICROB Making Intelligent Collective Robotics

MICS Macro Interpretive Commands

MID Multiplexing Identifier

MID Message Identifier

MIDAS Multiuser Distributed Application Services

MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MIDL Microsoft IDL computer

MIE Microsoft Internet Explorer

MIF Management Information Files

MII Microsoft - IBM - Intel

MIL Military

MIL/STD Military Standard

MIM Management Information Model

MIM Metal - Insulator - Metal

MIMD Multiple Instruction Multiple Data

MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension

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MIMO Multiinput / Multioutput

MIN Multistage Interconnection Networks

MIN Minimum

MINDS MS-DOS Internal Network Drive Scheme

MINUET Minnesota Internet Users Essential Tools

MIP Mix - Integer Programming

MIPS Million Instruction Per Second

MIPS Music Information Processing Standards

MIS Management Information System

MIS Multimedia Information Sources

MISD Multiple Instruction Single Data

MJVM Microsoft Java Virtual Machine

MKDE Microkernel Datebank Engine

MKDIR Make Directory

MKF Multimedia Knowledge Formalizer

MKS Mortice Kern System

ML Meta Language

ML Machine Language

MLAPI Multilingual Application Programming Interface

MLC Multistrategy Learning Classifier

MLC Multilevel Cell

MLE Multi - Line Editor

MLE Maximum Likelihood Estimation

MLFNN Multilayer Feed forward Neural Networks

MLID Multiple Link Interface

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MLL Multi - Layer Logic

MLM Mailing List Mongol

MLMA Multi - Level Multi Access

MLP Multi Layer Perceptron

MLPPP Multilink Point to Point Protocol

MLR Multi - channel Linear Recording

MLS Multi Level Secure

MLS Multiple Listing Service

MLSE Maximum Likelihood Sequence Estimation

MM Markovian Model

MMA Microcomputer Managers Association

MMAC Multi - Media Access Control

MMC Matched Memory Cycle

MMC Microcomputer Marketing Council

MMC Microsoft Management Console

MMCD Multimedia Compact - Disc

MMCX Multimedia Communication Exchange

MMF Memory Mapped File

MMFS Manufacturing Message Format Standard

MMI MAN - Machine Interface

MMI Maximum Mutual Information

MMIC Multi - Mod Image Compression

MMIS Materials Manager Information System

MML Minimum Message Length

MMP Memory Management Program

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MMPM Multimedia Presentation Manager

MMSE Minimum Mean Square Error

MMU Memory Management Unit

MMVF Multimedia Video File

MMX Matrix Manipulation Extensions

MMX Multimedia Extension

MND Motor Neuron Disease

MNN Mapping Neural Network

MNP Microcom Network Protocol

MOB Memory - Order Buffer

MOC Microsoft Official Curriculum

MOD Master Of Description

MOD Magneto Optic Disc

MODD Magneto Optic Disc Drive

MODEM Modulator - Demodulator

MOF Metaobject Facility

MOHLL Machine Oriented High Level Language

MOI Microsoft Office Interface

MOIMS Mapobjects Internet Map Server

MOLAP Multidimensional On - Line Analytical Processing

MOM Message Oriented Middleware

MOM Manufacturing Operations Management

MOM Message - Oriented Middleware

MOMA Message Oriented Middleware Association

MONET Multiwavelength Optical Networking

MOO MUD Object Oriented

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MOOD Multiple Object Oriented Design

MOP Maintenance Operations Protocol

MOR Magenta Optical Recording

MOS Master Operating System

MOS Metal Oxide Semiconductor

MOS Meta Operating System

MOS Magneto - Optic Storage

MOSES Methodology for Object - oriented Software Engineering of Systems


Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

MOSIS Metal Oxide Semiconductor Implementation Service

MOSS MIME Object Security Services

MOTIS Message - Oriented Text Interchange System

MoU Memorandum of Understanding

MOVS Move String

MP Multiple Processors

MP Massively Parallel

MP Monitor Coprocessor

MP/M Multi - tasking Program for Microcomputers

MPA Multi Packer Archiving

MPC Multimedia PC

MPC Multipath Channel

MPCS Mission Planning and Control Station

MPD Monochrome Plasma Displays

MPE Multiple Programming Executive

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MPEG Moving Pictures Expert Group

MPEG Motion Picture Encoding Group

MPEX Mossing Pictures Exports Group

MPG Medical Product Group

MPI Message Passing Interface

MPI Multiprecision Integer

MPL Multi - Programming Level

MPM Multi Platform Management

MPM Modern Project Management

MPMD Multiple Processor / Multiple Data

MPNP Massively Parallel Network based Parsing

MPOA Multiple Points Of Access

MPOA Multi Protocol Over ATM

MPP Massively Parallel Processing

MPP Manager Prototyping Project

MPP Message Processing Program

MPPC Microsoft Point - to - Point Compression

MPPC Multi Purpose Parallel Computer

MPQP Multi - Protocol Quad Port

MPR Multi Protocol Router

MPR Multipart Repeater

MPS Multiprocessor Specification

MPS Master Prodention Schedule

MPTN Multi - Protocol Transport Network

MPTS Multi - Protocol Transport Services

MPU Microprocessor Unit

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MPW Macintosh Programmer's Workshop

MQA Management of Quality Assurance

MQI Message Queue Interface

MR Magnetoresistive

MR Modem Ready

MR Modification Request

MR3 Modeline Rule 3

MRA Model Residual Approach

MRAC Model Reference Adaptive Control

MRBF Median Radial Leases Function

MRCF Microsoft Real-time Compression Format

MRCI Microsoft Real-time Compression Interface

MRD Minimum Reflective Difference

MRFCS Multirate Fast Circuit Switching

MRFE Modified Return Form Exception

MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging

MRM Most Recently - used Master

MRNN Model Reference Neural Network

MRO Multi - Region Operation

MRP Manufacturing and Resource Planning

MRP Material Requirement Planning

MRPL Main Ring Path Length

MRS Media Recognition System

MRT Mean Repair Time

MRU Maximum Receive Unit

MS Microsoft

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MS Millisecond

MS Microsecond

MS Memory System

MS Message Store

MSA Metropolitan Statistical Area

MSACM Microsoft Audio Compression Manager

MSAP Mini Slotted Alternating Priorities

MSAP MAC Service Access Point

MSAU Multi - Station Access Unit

MSAV Microsoft Anti Virus

MSB Most Significant Bit

MSBF Mean Swaps Between Failures

MSC Mobile Switching Center

MSC Most Significant Character


Microsoft Compact Disc Extensions

MSD Modular Structure Diagram

MSD Microsoft System Diagnostics

MSD Mass Storage Device

MSD Most Significant Digit

MSD Multistage Detector

MSDN Microsoft Developer Network

MS-DOS Microsoft - Disk Operating System

MSDR Multiplexed Streaming Data Request

MSDS Microsoft Developer Support

MSDU MAC Service Data Unit

MSE Multiuser Simulation Environment

MSE Mean Square Error

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MSFR Minimum Security Function Requirements

MSG Message

MSI Medium Scale Integration

MSIE Microsoft Internet Explorer

MSIR Multiple - Input Signature Register

MSIX Metered Services Information Exchange

MSL Many - Sorted Logic

MSL MAP Specification Library

MSL Mathematics Subroutine Library

MSMQ Microsoft Message Queuing

MSN Microsoft Network

MSO Multiple - Systems Operator

MSP Message Security Protocol

MSP Microsoft Paint

MSRP Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price

MSS Mass Storage System

MSS Multiprotocol Switched Services

MSS Maximum Segment Size

MSS MAN Switching System

MST Minimal Spanning Tree

MSTS Microsoft Terminal Server

MSW Machine Status Word

MT Mount

MT Machine Translation

MTA Message Transfer Agent

MTA Multiple Terminal Access

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MTA Message Transfer Agent

MTBB Mean Time Between Breakdowns

MTBF Mean Time Between Failures

MTBJ Mean Time Between Jams

MTF Microsoft Tape Format

MTF Modulation Transfer Function

MTL Mixed - temporal Propositional Logic

MTL Merged Transistor Logic

MTP Message Transfer Part

MTRP Maximum Transfer Rate Performance

MTS Microsoft Transaction Server

MTS Multichannel Television Sound

MTS Message Transfer System

MTT Multi - Transaction Timer

MTTD Mean Time To Diagnose

MTTF Mean Time To Failure

MTTR Mean Time To Repair

MTU Maximum Transmission Unit

MU Modules Used

MU Multi - User

MUA Mail User Agent

MUAP Motor Unit Action Potential

MUC Message Understanding Conference

MUD Multi - User Dimension

MUD Multi - User Dungeon

MUI Matrix User Interface


Multiplexed Information and

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Computing Service

MUNIN Muscle and Nerve Interface Network

MUOS Multiple User Operating System

MUSE Multi - user Simulation Environment

MUSE Multi - user Shared Environment

MUSH Mail Users' S Shell

MUT Minimum Up - Time

MUX Multiplexer

MVA Mean Value Analysis

MVAR Mapped Variable

MVB Multimedia Viewer Book

MVC Multimedia Viewer Compiler

MVC Model - View Controller

MVD Multiuser Dungeon

MVDM Multiple Virtual DOS Machines

MVGA Monochrome Video Graphics Array

MVI Motion Video Instructions

MVIP Multi - Vendor Integration Protocol

MVP Multimedia Video Processor

MVS Multiple Virtual Storage

MVT Macro Virus Track

MVT Multiprogramming with a Variable number of Tasks

MWM Motif Window Manager

MWV Minimized Window Viewer

MX Mail Exchanger

MXS Microsoft Exchange Server

MYOB Mind Your Own Business

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MZR Multiple Zone Recording

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NN/I Non - Interlaced

NAC Network Application Consortium

NAC Notesuite Application Collection

NACD National Association of Computer Dealers

NAC's Network Attachment Controllers

NAE Not Above or Equal

NAEP National Assessment of Education Progress

NAG Numerical Algorithms Group

NAK Negative Acknowledgment

NAL Novell Application Launcher

NAM Number Assignment Module

NAM Name Space Module

NAM Network Administration and Management

NAMPS Narrow - band Analog Mobile Phone Service

NAND Not And

NAP Network Access Point

NAP National Attachment Point

NAPA National Auto Parts Stores

NAPLPS North American Presentation - Level Protocol Syntax

NARM Nonlinear Autoregressive Moving Average

NARX Nonlinear Autoregressive Models with Exogenous

NAS Network Application Support

NAS Network Access Server

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NASA National Aeronautic and Space Administration

NASAPI Netscape Server API


National Association of Securities Dealers Automatic Quotation

NASI NetWare Asynchronous Services Interface

NASIRC NASA Automated Systems Internet Response Capability

NAT Network Address Translation

NAU Network Addressable Unit

NAU Network Access Unit

NAUN Nearest Active Upstream Neighbor

NAV Norton Anti - Virus

NAWS Negotiate About Window Size

NBCD Natural Binary Coded Decimal

NBE Not Below or Equal

NBI Nothing But Initials

NBMA Nonbroadcast Multi - Access network

NBNC No Blanks, No Comments

NBP Name Binding Protocol

NBS National Bureau of Standards

NBS Narrowband Socket

NBS Number of Executable Statements

NC No Carry

NC Numerical Control

NC Network Computer

NCA Near - Critical Activity

NCA Network Computing Architecture

NCA Network Communications

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NCA Network Computing Architecture

NCB National Computer Board

NCC Norton Control Center

NCD Network Computing Device

NCDS Noncontiguous Data Structure

NCF Network Computing Framework

NCF NetWare Command File

NCGA National Computer Graphics Association

NCM Network Configuration Manager

NCMT Numerical Control for Machine Tools

NCN Number of Conditional Noals

NCOS Network Computer Operating System

NCP Not Copy Protected

NCP NetWare Core Protocol

NCP Network Control Processor

NCP Network Control Program

NCR National Cash Register

NCSA National Computer Security Association

NCSA National Center for Supercomputer Applications

NCSC National Computer Security Center

NCSI Network Communications Services Interface

NDA Non - Disclosure Agreement

NDA Nonlinear Discriminant Network

NDDK Network Device Development Kit

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NDE Network Design Engineering

NDIS Network Driver Interface Specification

NDL Network Data Language

NDM Normal Disconnected Mode

NDMP Network Data Management Protocol

NDN Non - Delivery Notice

NDP Numeric Data Processor

NDPS NetWare Distributed Print Services

NDR Network Data Representation

NDR Network Data Representation

NDRN Normally Distributed Random Numbers

NDRO Non - Destructive Read Out

NDS Novell Directory


NDS NetWare Directory Service

NDT Next Departure Time

NDT Non - Distributive Testing

NDU Network Device Utility

NE Network Element

NEC Nippon Electric Company

NED NASA Extragalactic Database

NEL Nesting Level

NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association

NEP Network Entry Point

NES National Education Supercomputer

NEST Novell Embedded Systems Technology

NET Network

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Network BIOS Extended User Interface


Network Basic Input - Output System

NETBLT Network Block Transfer


Network Monitor

NEWS NetWare Early Warning System

NEWS Network Extensible Window System

NFA Nondeterministic Finite Automation

NFF No Fault Found

NFI Named Field Inheritance

NFS Network File System

NFSP Network File Service Protocol

NFT Network File Transfer

NFT Normal Form Transition

NG No Good

NGCR Next Generation Computer Resources

NGE Not Greater or Equal

NGI Next - Generation Internet

NGT Nominal Group Technique

NHC National Hurricane Center

NHPP Nonhomogenous Poisson Process

NHR National Handwriting Recognition

NHRP Next Hop Resolution Protocol

NHS Novell's Message Handling service

NIA Next Instruction Address

NIC Numeric Intensive Computing

NIC Network Information Center

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NIC Network Interface Card

NIC Network Interface Controller


Network Information Center On - line Aid System

NICS Noetherian Inderection with Cover Sets


NID New Interactive Display

NIF Network Interface Facility

NII National Information Infrastructure

NIM Number of Instance Methods

NIM Network Installation Management

NIPS Network I/O Per Second

NIR Network Information Retrieval

NIS Network Information Service

NISC Network Information System Center

N-ISDN National ISDN

N-ISDN Narrowband ISDN

NISO National Information Standard Organization

NISP Networked Information Services Project

NIST National Institute for Service and Technology

NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology

NIT Next Interruption Time

NITC National Information Technology Center

NIU Network Interface Unit

NJE Network Job Entry

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NL New Line

NLC Number of Loop Constructs

NLDB Natural Language for Databases

NLE Not Less or Equal

NLI Natural Language Interface

NLIC Near - Lossless Image Coding

NLM NetWare Loadable Module

NLOC Non - commentary Line Of Code

NLP Natural Language Processing

NLQ Near Letter Quality

NLR Natural Language Recognition

NLS Native Language Support


National Language Support Function

NLSP Network Layer Security Protocol

NLU Natural Language Understanding

NLV National Language Version

NM Network Management

NMA Number of Methods Added

NMC Network Management Center

NMF Network Management Forum

NMI Nonmaskable Intercept

NMI Nonmaskable Interrupt

NMM NetWare Management Map

NMOS N - channel Metal Oxide Semiconductor

NMP Network Management Protocol

NMS Network Management

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NMSO Navy Maintenance Support Office

NN Neural Network

NN Network Node

NNC Neural - Network Controller

NNC Nearest - Neighbor Classifier

NNDS Neural Network Dynamical System

NNF Non Normal Form

NNI Network Node Interface

NNI Network to Network Interface

NNM Network Node Manager

NNM Neural Network Module

NNMLP Nearest - Neighbor Multilayer Perceptron

NNOS Naming Networked Object Service

NNT Nippon Telegraph and Telephone

NNTP Network News Transport Protocol

NNW Novell NetWare

NOC Network Operations Center

NOCC Network Operations Control Center

NOD Networked Object Debugger

NOR Notice Of Revision

NOS Network Operating System

NP Nondeterminater Polynomial algorithms

NP Network Performance

NPA Numbering PLAN Area

NPA Network Printer Alliance

NPC Network Parameter Control

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NPI Network Printer Interface

NPL New Programming Language

NPL Non - Procedural Language

NPM Number of Pending Nodes

NPM Network Print Manager

NPN Negative - Positive - Negative

NPPL Non Procedural Programming Language

NPS Novell Productivity Specialist

NPSF Neighborhood Pattern Sensitive Fault

NPTN National Public Telecommuting Network

NPU Natural Processing Unit

NPX Numeric Processor Extension

NQS Network Queuing System

NRA Network Requirement Analysis

NRAS No Receive After Send

NRC No Return Character

NREN National Research and Education Network

NRIC Network Reliability and Interoperability Council

NRM Normal Response Mode

NRS Novell Replication Services

NRZ Non Return Zero

NRZ Non Return to Zero

NRZL Non Return to Zero Level

NS Network Size

NS Nano Second

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NS Netscape

NS Non Stop

NS Network Supervisor

NS Network Service


National Security Agency Polygraph

NSAP Network Services Access Point

NSAPI Netscape Server Application Program Interface

NSC National Support Center


NSERC National Sciences and Engineering Research Council

NSF National Science Foundation

NSFNET National Science Foundation Network

NSI NASA Science Internet

NSM Netscape Server Manager

NSP Native Signal Processing

NSP Network Service Provider

NSP Number Sequence Protocol

NSSC NASA Standard Spacecraft Computer

NSTC National Science and Technology Council

NSTL National Software Testing Labs

NT Network Termination

NT New Technologies

NT-1 Network Terminator type 1

NTAS NT Advanced Server

NTF No Trouble Found

NTFS New Technology File System

NTFS NT File System

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NTM Nonuniform Troffic Model

NTN Neural Tree Network

NTP Network Time Protocol

NTRAS NT Remote Access Services

NTSA NetWare Telephony Services Architecture

NTSC National Television Standards Committee

NTT Next Transaction Time

NTU Network Termination Unit

NUI Network User Identification

NUI Network User Interface

NUMA Non Uniform Memory Access

NUMA Non Uniform Memory Architecture

NVM Non - Volatile


NVOD Near - Video On Demand

NVP Nominal Velocity of Propagation

NVP N Version Programming

NVP Name Value Pair

NVRAM Non - Volatile Random Access Memory

NVS Network Video Systems

NVT Network Virtual Terminal

NWS NetWare Web Server

NYU New York University

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OO/R Originator / Recipient

OADW Oracle Application Data Warehouse

OAG Open Application Group

OAI Open Application Interface

OAL Object Assembly Language

OAM Object Access Model

OAM Operations Administration and Maintenance


OAM and Provisioning

OARE Output Appearance Reliability Estimation

OAS Oracle Application Server

OAS One - to - All Scatter

OASIS Open Access Same - time Information System

OB Object Based

OBA Object Behavior Analysis

OBD Optimal Brain Damage

OBD On Board Diagnostics

OBDM Object Based Data Models

OBE Office By Example

OBEX Object Exchange

OBI Open Buying on the Internet

OBJ Object

OBP Object Based Programming

OBS Organization Breakdown Structure

OBS Optimal Brain Surgeon

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OC Optical Carrier

OC3 Optical Carrier 3

OCE Open Collaborative Environment

OCF Objects Components Framework

OCF Operator Control Language

OCH One Copy Heuristic

OCIS Organization Communication and Information Systems

OCL Other Current Liabilities

OCLC Online Computer Library Center

OCM Object Communication Model

OCM Object Control Matrix

OC-N Optical Carrier level N

OCR Optical Character Recognition

OCR Object Class Requirement

OCS On -Card Sequencer

OCSA Oracle Client Server Area

OCSM Oracle Client Software Manager

OCT Optimal Context Three

OCX Object Linking and Embedding Control

OD Optical Disk

OD Origin - Destination

ODA Office Document Architecture

ODA Open Document Architecture

ODAPI Open Database API

ODB Optimal Barain Damage

ODBC Open Database Concept

ODBC Open Database Connectivity

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ODBC Object - oriented Database Connectivity

ODBMG Object Database Management Group

ODBMS Object Database Management System

ODC Orthogonal Defect Classification

ODC Object Detection and Classification

ODD Object Database Designer

ODE Ordinary Differential Equation

ODI Open Datalink Interface

ODIF Open Document Interchange Format

ODL Object Definition Language

ODM Object Data Manager

ODMA Open Document Management API


Oracle Data Most Suite Sale and Marketing

ODNC Object Digital Nautical Chart

ODP Open Distributed Processing

ODP IDL ODP - Interface Definition Language

ODPR Over Drive Processor Replacement

ODS Open Data Services

ODSI Open Directory Service Interface

ODT On - line Debugging Tool

OEC Oracle Education Center

OEM Oracle Enterprise Manager

OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer

OEP Operand Execution Pipeline

OF Overflow Flag

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OFB Output Feed Back

OFC Open Financial Connectivity

OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

OFML Open Forms Markup Language

OFS Output Field Separator

OFS Object File System

OFX Open Financial Exchange

OH Overhead

OH Off Hook

OHF Object Header File

OI Owner Information

OID Object Identification

OIDL Object Interface Definition Language

OIS Office Information System

OIW OSE Implementers Workshop

OL Object Language

OL Ordered List

OLAP On - Line Analytical Processing

OLAP On - Line Application Processing

OLCP On - Line Complex Processing

OLD Optical Line Distributor

OLE Object Linking and Embedding

OLEDB Object Linking and Embedding Database

OLF Off - Line Function

OLGA On - Line Guitar Archive

OLI Optical Line Interface

OLMC Output Logic Macrocell

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OLSP On - Line Service Provider

OLT Optical Line Terminator

OLTP On Line Transaction Processing

OLWM Open Look Window Manager

OM Object Manager

OM Oral Message

OMA Object Management Architecture

OMAP Operations and Maintenance Applications Part

OMB Optical Module Box

OMC Object Modeling Card

OMC Object Method for Case

OMD Optimal Multiuser Detector

OME Open Messaging Environment

OMF Object Module


OMF Open Media Framework

OMG Object Management Group

OMGIDL OMG Interface Definition Language

OMI Open Messaging Interface

OML Open Modeling Language

OML Object Manipulation Language

OMR Optical Mark Recognition

OMR Optical Mark Reader

OMRB Object Modeling Resource Base

OMT Object Modeling Techniques

ONC Open Network Computing

ONDS Open Network Distribution Services

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ONE Open Network Environment

ONM Oracle Network Manager

ONMS Open Network Management System

ONU Optical Network Unit

OO Object Oriented

OOA Object Oriented Analysis

OOA Object Oriented Application

OOA Object Oriented Architecture

OOAD Object Oriented Analysis and Design

OOAD Object Oriented Application Development

OOB Out Of Band

OOCE Object Oriented Customer Education

OOD Object Oriented Design

OOD Object Oriented Development

OODB Object Oriented Databases


Object Oriented DBMS

OODCE Object Oriented Distributed Computing Environment

OODD Object Oriented Design Document

OODMS Object Oriented Document Management System

OOEP Object Oriented Effort Points

OOF Out Of Frame

OOFS Object Oriented File System

OOI Object Oriented Interface

OOIE Object Oriented Information Engineering

OOL Object Oriented

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OOL Object Oriented LISP

OOM Object Oriented Model

OOM Object Oriented Metrics

OOM Object Oriented Manager

OOMDB Object Oriented Multimedia Database

OONB Object Oriented Net Base

OONMD Object Oriented Network Management Development

OOO Observer and Observable Object

OOOS Object Oriented Operating System

OOP Object Oriented Programming

OOPL Object Oriented Programming Languages

OOPS Object Oriented Programming and


OORP Object Oriented Rapid Prototyping

OORSS Object Oriented Role Analysis System and Structuring

OOS Off - line Operating Simulator

OOS Object Oriented Software

OOS Object Oriented Structure

OOS Object Oriented Scheme

OOSA Object Oriented System Analysis

OOSC Object Oriented Software Composition

OOSD Object Oriented Structured Design

OOSE Object Oriented Software Engineering

OOSM Object Orientation for Software Maintenance

OOT Object Oriented

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OOT Object Oriented Tools

OOT Object Oriented Technology

OOUI Object Oriented User Interface

OOW Object Oriented Workstation

OP Object Program

OPAC On - line Public Access Catalogue

OPAM Optical Parallel Architectures Model

OPM Operations Per Minute

OPNET Optimized Network Engineering Tools

OPROM Optical Programmable ROM

OPS Oracle Parallel Server

OPS Open Profiling Standard

OPSEC Open Platform for Secure Enterprise


OPT Open Protocol Technology

OPUS Octal Program Updating System

OQL Object Query Language

ORA Optimal Routing Algorithms

ORB Object Request Broker


Orthogonal Recursive Bisection Modern of Medians

ORC Object Recognition and Classification

ORCCN Output - space RCCN

ORDB Object Relational Database


Ordonance Variable Automatic Computer

ORI Online Retrieval Interface

OROM Optical Read Only Memory

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ORP Optimal Routing Problem

ORS Output Record Separator

OS Open System

OS Operating System

OS/1 Operating System 1

OS/2 Operating System 2

OS/E Operating System / Environment

OSA Open System Architecture

OSA Open Solution Architecture

OSA Object - oriented System Analysis

OSA Open Scripting Architecture

OSD OEN Software Description

OSD Operating System Dependent

OSD Office of the Secretary of Defence


Office of the Secretary of Defence, Principal Staff Assistant

OSE Output Sensitivity Equation

OSF Open Software Foundation

OSI Open System Interconnection

OSIRM Open System Interconnection Reference Model

OSL Optical System Language

OSL Object Server Language

OSM Object Server Maker

OSM Off - Screen Model

OSP Optical Storage Processor

OSP On - Screen Programming

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OSP Oscilloscope Signal Processor

OSPF Open Shortest Path First

OSQL Object Structured Query Language

OSR Off Specification Report

OSR2 OEM Service Release 2

OSS Object Serialization Specification

OT Object Technology

OTA Operation - Triggered Architecture

OTA Operational Transconductance Amplifier

OTF Object Testing Framework

OTF Open Token Foundation

OTM Object Type Management

OTNC Optimal Tracking Neuro - Controller

OTOH On The Other Hand

OTP Object Team Product

OTP One - Time Programmable

OTS Off The Shelf

OTS Object Transaction Service

OTS Object Testing Software

OURS Open Users Recommended Solutions

OUTS Output String

OVAL Object - based Virtual Application Language

OVPE Object Vector Product Format

OWH One Way Hash

OWL Object Windows Library

OWL Open Windows Library

Page 183: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

OXIDs Object Exporter Identifiers

Page 184: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PP Positive

P&IP Piping and Instrumentation Diagram

P&P Plug and Play

P/FR Problem / Failure Report

P/T Part Time

PA Perturbation Analysis

PAB Personal Address Book

PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange

PAC Presentation Abstraction Control

PACE Priority Access Control Enabled

PACIS Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems

PACS Picture Archiving and Communication System

PACS-L Public Access Computer Systems List

PAD Packet Assembler Dissembler

PADS Pen Application Development System

PAF Page Address Field

PAF Prearbitrated Function

PAIH Public - Access Internet Host

PAIS Public - Access Internet Site

PAL Programming Assembly Language

PAL Phase Alternation Line

PAL Performing Arts Laboratory

PAL Programmable Array Logic

Page 185: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PAL Paradox Application Language

PAL Process Asset Library

PALC Plasma - Addressed Liquid Crystal

PALS Principles of the Alphabet Literacy System

PAM Pulse Amplitude Modulation

PAN Personal Area Network

PAP Printer Access Protocol

PAP Password Authentication Protocol

PAP Packet - level Procedure

PAR Personal Animation Recorder

PAR Positive Acknowledgement with Retransmission

PARC Polo Alto Research Center

PA-RISC Precision Architecture - RISC

PAS Publicly Available Specification

PAT Point Attribute Table

PAT Polygon Attribute Table

PAT Project Assurance Team

PAT Pattern

PAT Patch

PATN Promotional Port Access Telephone Number

PAX Portable Archive Exchange

PB Power Builder

PBE Prompt By Example

PBG Problem Behavior Grapple

PBGA Plastic Ball Grid Array

PBS Product Breakdown

Page 186: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


PBT Phong Bui Tuong

PBX Private Branch Exchange

PC Personal Computer

PC Printed Circuit

PCA Physical Configuration Audit

PCA Principal Component Analysis


Personal Computer Automated Calibration Interval Analysis System

PCB Printed Circuit Board

PCB Program Control Block

PCBC Plain Cipher Block Chaining

PCBC Propagating Cipher Block Chaining

PCD Photo Compact Disk

PCD Project Constraints Document

PC-DOS Personal Computer Disk Operating System


PCI Program Controlled Interrupt

PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect

PCIC PC-card Interrupt Controller

PCL Printer Control Language

PCM Pulse Code Modulation

PCM Personal Computer Manufacturer

PCM Printer Cartridge Metric

PCMA Paired Carrier Multiple Access

PCMB Personal Computer Module Box

PCMC PCI, Cache, Memory Controller

Page 187: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PCN Personal Computer Network

PCNFS Personal Computer Network File System

PCO Point of Control and Observation

PCO Pre - Computed Order

PCR Peak Cell Rate

PCS Print Contrast Signal

PCS Personal Communications Services

PCS Project Control System

PCS Patchable Control Store

PCS Personal Conferencing Specification

PCS Planning Control


PCS Program Counter Store

PCS Process Control Systems

PCSA Personal Computing System Architecture

PCT Private Communication Technology

PCT Process Creation Table

PCT Program Comprehension Tool

PCT Picture

PCWG Personal Conferencing Working Group

PCX Picture Exchange

PD Packetization Delay

PD Problem Domain

PD Public Domain

PD Phase-change Dual

Page 188: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PDA Push Down Automate

PDA Personal Digital Assistant

PDBS Parallel Database System

PDC Peripheral Direction Contributive

PDC Primary Domain Controller

PDCA Plan Do Check and Act

PDD Physical Data Design

PDD Portable Digital Document

PDD Physical Device Driver

PDE Partial Differential Equation

PDES Product Data Exchange Specification

PDF Portable Document Format

PDF Package Definition


PDF Processor Defined Function

PDF Portable Document File

PDF Program Development Facility

PDG Program Dependence Graph

PDH Plesivchronous Digital Hierarchy

PDI Process Data Interface

PDIAL Public Dial - up Internet Access List

PDL Program Description Language

PDL Page Description Language

PDL Program Design Language

PDM Precedence Diagramming Method

PDM Pulse Duration Modulation

Page 189: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PDM Product Data Management

PDN Public Data Network

PDO Portable Distributed Objects

PDOD Prototype Demonstrative Objective Document

PDP Parallel Data Processing

PDP Plasma Display Panel

PDP Programmable Data Processor

PDPC Process Decision Program Chart

PDR Pagine Descriptor Register

PDS Portable Document Software

PDS Processor Direct Slot

PDS Packet Driver Specification

PDS Planetary Data System

PDS Partitioned Data Set

PDSC Post Script Document Structuring Convention

PDSS Post Development and Software Support

PDT Performance Diagnostic Tool

PDT Programmable Drive Table

PDU Plug Distribution Unit

PDU Protocol Data Unit

PDX Paradox

PDX Printer Description Extension

PE Processing Elements

PE Persistency of Excitation

PE Parity Even

PE Protect Enable

PEA Pocket Ethernet Adapter

Page 190: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PEC Physical Environment Classification

PEEL Programmable Electrically Erasable Logic

PEEM Privacy Enhanced Electronic Mail

PEF Push Extended Flags

PEL Picture Element

PEM Private Enhanced Mail


Pen Computing Software Development Kit

PEP Packet Exchange Protocol

PER Packet Error Rate

PERC Practical Engineering Research Concepts

PERL Practical Extraction and Report Language

PERT Program Evaluation and Review Technique

PES Physical Environment


PES Positioning Error Signal

PES Processor Enhancement Socket

PET Pure Execution Time

PET Print Enhancement Technology

PF Parity Flag

PFB Printer Font Binary

PFD Product Flow Diagram

PFE Programmer's File Editor

PFM Printer Font Metrics

PFR Power - Fail Restart

PFT Processor Fault Tolerance

PFX Personal Effects Exchange

PG Projects Group

PGA Professional Graphics

Page 191: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


PGA Pin Grid Array

PGA Programmable Gate Array

PGC Program Group Control

PGDN Page Down

PGL Professional Graphics Language

PGML Precision Graphics Markup Language

PGO Parameterized Geometric Object

PGP Pretty Good Privacy

PGP Program Parameter

PGUP Page Up

PHF Project History File

PHIGS Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive Graphics Standard

PhM Phenomenon Modeling

PHO Phone list

PHRM Project Human Resource Management

PHS Personal Handphone System

PHY Physical

PI Parameter Identifier

PI Process Interaction

PI Program Interruption

PIA Peripheral Interface Adapter

PIA Programmable Interface Adapter

PIC Programmable Interrupt Controller

PIC Program Interrupt Controller

PIC Priority Interrupt Controller

PIC Personal Information Carrier

Page 192: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PIC Personal Intelligent Communicator

PIC Platform for Internet Content

PICA Platform Independent Cryptography API

PICS Platform for Internet Content Selection

PID Proportional - Integral - Derivative

PID Process Identification number

PID Product Identifier

PID Project Initiation Document

PIER Procedures for Internet / Enterprise Renumbering

PIF Picture Interchange Format

PIF Program Information File

PII Program Integrated Information

PILOT Programmed Inquiry, Learning Or Teaching

PIM Primary Interface Module

PIM Protocol - Independent Multicast

PIM Personal Information Manager

PIN Personal Identification Number

PIN Positive Intrinsic Negative

PIN Parcel Identification Number

PINE Program for Internet News and E-mail

PING Packet Internet Group

PIO Parallel Input / Output

PIO Programmed Input / Output

PIO Processor Input / Output

PIP Picture In Picture

PIP Problem Isolation Procedure

Page 193: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PIP Programmable Interconnect Point

PIP Process Improvement Proposal

PIPLT Partition Into Path of Length Two

PIPO Parallel In, Parallel Out

PIPS Permit Information Processing System

PIR Protocol Independent Routing

PIR Packet Insertion Rate

PIT Programmable Interval Timer

PIU Path Information Unit

PIXEL Picture Element

PJ/NF Projection - Join Normal Form

PKCS Public Key Cryptography Standard

PKI Public Key Infrastructure

PL Physical Layer

PL Pad Length

PL Pearl Language

PL/1 Programming Language One

PL/M Programming Language for Microcomputers

PLA Programmable Logic Array

PLAN Population - based Learning for ANN

PLATO Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations

PLC Programmable Logic Controller

PLC Project Life Cycle

PLCC Plastic Leadless Chip Carrier

PLCP Physical Layer Convergence Protocol

PLC's Programmable Logic Controllers

Page 194: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PLD Process Life Descriptor

PLD Programmable Logic Device

PLDS Pilot Land Data System

PLE Programmable Logic Element

PLL Phase Locked Loop

PLL Prelinked Library

PLN Probabilistic Logic Neuron

PLR Packet Loss Rate

PLS Primary Link Station

PLS/PS Physical Signaling

PLT Processing Logic Trees

PLV Production Level Video

PM Process Manager

PM Preventative Maintenance

PM Project Management

PM Performance Monitoring

PM Physical Medium

PM Presentation Manager

PM Program Manager

PMA Physical Medium Attachment

P-MAIL Paper Mail

PMBOK Project Management Body Of Knowledge

PMC Project Management Context

PMD Physical Medium Dependent

PMD Packet Mode Data

PMI/SC Project Management Institute / Standard Committee

PMMU Paged Memory Management Unit

PMOS P - channel Metal

Page 195: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Oxide Semiconductor

PMP Project Management Professional

PMR Problem Management Report

PMS Policy Management System

PMS Pantene Matching System

PMT Process Model Types

PN Pery Net

PN Processing Node

PNA Programmable Network Access

PNAL Petri - Net Analysis Library

PNG Portable Network Graphic

PNN Probabilistic Neural Networks

PNNI Private Network Node Interface

PnP Plug and Play

PNPM Petri Nets Performance Models

PNV Petri - Net Validator

PO Parity Odd

POC Point of Contact

POD Plain Old DOS

PODA Priority Oriented Demand Assignment

POE Power Open Environment

POH Power - On Hours

POH Path Overhead

POI Path Overhead Identifier

POL Procedure - Oriented Language

PON Passive Optical Network

POP Post Office Protocol

PoP Point of Presence

POP3 Post Office Protocol 3

Page 196: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

POPA POP All Registers


POR Power - On - Reset

POS Positive

POS Point Of Sale

POS Programmable Option Select

POs Purchase Orders

POSE Picture - Oriented Software Engineering

POSIT Profiles for Open Systems Internetworking Technology

POSIX Portable Operating Systems Interface for Unix

POSO Persistent Object Store Organization

POST Power On Self Test


Postal Numeric Encoding Technique

POTS Plain Old Telephone Service

POU Protocol Data Unit

POWER Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC

PP Prototype Pathway

PP Project Processes

PP Parallel Port

PPA Pixel Processing Accelerator

PPA Partial Product Array

PPCP Power PC Platform

PPD Postscript Printer Description

PPDS Personal Printer Data Stream

PPE Project Plan Execution

PPE Prototyping and Programming Environments

PPEL Process - level

Page 197: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Program Execution Long

PPGA Plastic Pin Grid Array

PPI Pixels Per Inch

PPI Precise Pixel Interpolation

PPI Programmable Peripheral Interface

PPL Parallel Processing Letters

PPL Projection Pursuit Learning

PPLN Projection Pursuit Learning Network

PPM Pages Per Minute

PPN Policy Powered Network

PPNI Private Network Node Interface

PPP Point - to - Point Protocol

PPPRNS Point to Point Remote Node Services

PPR Projection Pursuit


PPRT Per Process Region Table

PPS Physical Process Specification

PPS Peripheral Power Supply

PPS Power Personal Systems

PPS Packets Per Second

PPTP Point to Point Tunneling Protocol

PQ Pin Quik

PQC Participator Quality Control

PQC Poor-Quality Cost

PQFP Plastic Quad Flat Pack

PQI Print Queue Information

PQM Project Quality Management

Pr Priority bit

Page 198: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PRA Parallel Recognition Algorithm

PRACSA Public Remote Access Computer Standards Association

PRAM Parallel Random Access Machine

PRD Printer Driver

PREMO Presentation Environment of Multimedia Objects

PReP Power PC Reference Platform

PRF Pulse Repetition Frequency

PRF Preferences

PRG Program

PRH Probability of begin sent to Right Handler

PRI Primary - Rate Interface

PRINTF Print with Formatting

PRISM Photo - Refractive Information Storage


PRIT Project Risk Information Template

PRJ Project

PRM Protocol Reference Model

PRM Project Risk Management

PrM Process Modeling

PRMD Private Management Domain

PRML Partial Response Maximum Likelihood

PRN Printer

PRO Profile

PROBE Proxy - Based Estimating

PROFS Professional Office System


Programming Logic

PROM Programmable Read Only Memory

Page 199: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PROTest Program Test Environment

PrtScr Print Screen

PS Proportional Spacing

PS Process Specification

PS Postscript

PS/2 Personal System Two

PSA Parallel Signature Analysis

PSAPI Presentation Space Application Programming Interface

PSC Personal Super Computer

PSC Print Server Command

PSC Product Service Center

PSC Problem Solving Context

PSCM Problem Spare Computational Model

PSDN Packet - Switched Data Network

PSDS Packet - Switched Data Service

PSE Page Size Extension

PSEE Process - centred Software Engineering Environment

PSF Permanent Swap File

PSID Postscript Image Data

PSK Phase - Shift Keying


Problem Statement Language / Problem Statement Analyzer

PSM Problem Space - level Model

PSM Printing Systems Manager

PSN Packet Switch Node

PSN Packet Switching Network

PSP Personal Software Process

Page 200: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

PSP Personal Software Products

PSP Program Segment Prefix

PSPDN Public Switch Packet Data Network

P-SRAM Pseudo - Static Random Access Memory

PSRG Privacy and Security Research Group

PSRT Postscript Round Table

PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network

PSU Power Supply Unit

PSW Processor Status Word

PSW Program Status Word

PT Payload Type

PT Page Table

PTD Parallel Transfer Disk Drive

PTE Path - Terminating Equipment

PTF Problem Trouble Fix

PTI Payload Type Identifier

PTM Project Time Management

PTT Postal, Telegraph & Telephone

PU Physical Unit

PUB Publication

PUN Physical Unit Number

PUNI Public User Network Interface

PUP PARC Universal Packet

PUS Processor Upgrade Socket

PUSHA Push All

PUSHF Push Flags

PV Parameter Value

PVC Permanent Virtual

Page 201: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)


PVC Permanent Virtual Circuit

PVM Parallel Virtual Machine

PVMD Parallel Virtual Machine Daemon

PVP Parallel Vector Processing

PVS Parallel Visualization Server

PWAs Printed Writing Assemblies

PWB Printed Wire Board

PWB Programmer's Workbench

PWD Present Working Directory

PWD Piece - Wise Determinate

PWL Piece - Wise Linear

PWM Pulse Width Modulation

PWSCS Programmable

Workstation Communication Services

PWT Page Write Through

PX Primary Index

Page 202: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

QQA Quality Assurance

QA Queued Arbitrated

QAD Quick And Dirty

QAF Queued Arbitrated Function

QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation

QARCC Quality Attribute Risk and Conflict Consultant

QBE Query By Example

QBF Query By Form

QBIC Query By Image Content

QBL Query Based Learning

QBP Quick Backpropagation Algorithm

QC Quality Control

QCC Quality Control Circles

QCS Quality Capacity System

QCU Qualification Control Unit

QD Querty / Dvorak

QD Queuing Delay

QDA Quality Data Analysis

QDI Quicken Dictionary

QDOS Quick and Dirty Operating System

QDV Quality Destroys Value

QE Quality Evaluation

QEMM Quaterdeck Expanded Memory Manager

QFA Quick File Access

QFD Quality Function Deployment

Page 203: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

QFE Quick - Fix Engineering

QFP Quad Flat Pack

QI Quality Improvement

QIC Quater Inch Cartridge

QIC Quality Information using Cycle time

QIF Quicken Interchange Format

QIF Quicken Import File

QIMA Quality Improvement Methods Analysis

QIP Quality Improvement Paradigm

QISAM Queued Indexed Sequential Access Method

QL Query Language

QML Quicken Memorized List

QN Queuing Network

QOS Quality of Service

QOSC Quality of Service Classes

QP Quality Planning

QP Qudratic Programming

QPG Quantum Phase Gate

QPL Quality Process Language

QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

QR Qualitative Reasoning

QTC QuickTime Conferencing

QV Quality Verification

QWL Object Windows Library

Page 204: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RR&D Research and


R/W Read / Write

RAA Random Access Algorithms

RAD Rapid Application Development

RADIUS Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service

RADSL Rate Adaptive Digital Subscription Line

RAIC Redundant Array of Inexpensive Computers

RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disk

RAM Random Access Memory

RAM Risk Assessment and Management

RAM Responsibility Assignment Matrix


Random Access Memory Digital-to-analog Converter

RAMM Risk Analysis Management and Methodology

RAMP Risk Assessment and Management Program

RAND Random

RAP Rapid Application Prototyping

RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

RARP Raster Address Resolution Protocol

RAS Raw Address Strob

RAS Remote Access Server

RAS Remote Access Service

RB Recovery Block

RBCN Rule - Based

Page 205: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Connectionist Network

RBF Roadval Basis Function

RBFN Radial Basis Function Network

RBR Rule - Based Reasoning

RCA Root Cause Analysis

RCCN Radial - basis Competitive and Cooperative Network

RCE Reduced Coulomb Energy

RCL Rotate Left through Carry

RCR Rotate Right through Carry

RCS Revision Control System

RCU Readout Control Unit

RD Read Direct

RDA Relation Data Analysis

RDA Random Data Access

RDA Remote Database Access

R-DAT Rotary Digital Audio Tapes

RDBMS Relational Data Base Management System

RDC Remote Data Concentration

RDD Replicable Database Drivers

RDD Responsibility Driven Design

RDF Resource Description Framework

RDF Rate Decuase Factor

RDI Remote Defect Indication

RDIS Reteaua de Date a Invatamantului Superior

RDM Relational Data Model

RDML Relational Data Manipulation Language

Page 206: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RDN Relative Distinguished Name

RDO Remote Data Objects

RDS Read Data Stepper

RDS Random Data Stereograme

RDT Rate Distortion Theory

RDU Renaming Duration

REC Remote Exception Class

RED Rapid Evolutionary Development

REG Register


Registry Editor

REIL Rank - Expansion with Instant Learning

RELUR Relative Uniform Resource Identifiers

REM Remark

REM Remote


Reprogrammable Read Only Memory

REQ Request

RET Return

REX Remote Executive

REXX Restrictioned Extended Executor


Reinforcement Fuzzy Adaptive Learning Control Network

RFC Requests For Comment

RFD Resource Flow Diagram

RFD Request For Discussion

RFDC Radio Frequency Identification

RFI Ratio Frequencing Interface

RFNM Ready Nor Next Message

RFP Request for Proposal

Page 207: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RFQ Request For Quotation

RFS Remote File System

RFS Remote File Sharing

RFTDCA Revisable - Form Text DCA

RGB Red - Green - Blue

RH Response Header

RH Request Header

RHHP Right Hand Half Plane

RHS Right Hand Side

RIF Routing Information Field

RIFF Raster Image File Format

RIMS Risk and Insurance Management Society

RIMS Road Information Management System

RIP Raster Image Processor

RIP Routing Information Protocol

RIP Remote Imaging Protocol

RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer

RIT Robust Image Transmission

RIT Risk Information Template

RITTY Radio Tele Type

RJE Remote Job Entry

RJP Remote Job Processing

RL Remote Login

RLA Remote Link Adapter

RLCI Reusability and Life Cycle Issue

RLE Run - Length Encoding

RLG Right Linear Grammar

Page 208: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RLIN Research Libraries Information Network

RLL Run - Length Limited

RLM Run Length Memory

RLN Remote LAN Node

RLSA Recursive Least Squares Algorithm

RLSA Run Length Smoothing Algorithm

RLSD Received Line Signal Detect

RM Role Mapping

RM Resource Management

RM Reference Model

RMG Recording Media Group

RMI Remote Method Invocations

RMICL Remote Method Invocation Class Loader

RMM Real - Mode Mapped

RM-ODP Reference Model for Open Distributed Processing

RMON Remote Monitoring

RMS Remote Mailbox System

RMS Root Mean Square

RMS Removable Media Support

RMW Read, Modify, Write

RNC Reteaua Nationala de Calculatoare

RNG Random Number Generator

RNN Reduced Nearest - Neighbor

RNR Receive Not Ready

ROC Remote Object Class

ROCOF Rate of Occurrence of Failures

ROFL Rolling On the Floor, Laughing

Page 209: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

ROI Return On Investment

ROI Region Of Influence

ROL Rotate Left

ROL Request On Line

ROLAP Relational On Line Analytical Processing

ROM Read Only Memory


Read Only Memory Basic Input / Output System

ROOM Real - time Object Oriented Modeling

ROPE Reusability - Oriented Parallel - programming Environment

ROR Rotate Right

ROS Read Only Storage

ROSE Remote Operation Service Element

ROT Read - Only Terminal

RP Running Priority

RPB Reverse Path Broadcasting

RPC Remote Procedure Call

RPCL Remote Procedure Call Language

RPF Reverse Path Forwarding

RPG Report Program Generator

RPM Red hat Package Manager

RPM Reverse Path Multicasting

RPN Reverse Polish Notation

RPN Risk Priority Number

RPS Rapid Prototyping System

RPT Relationship Participant Types

RQ Ready Queue

RQ Risk Quantification

RR Round - Robin

Page 210: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RRAS Routing and Remote Access Service

RRC Risk Response Control

RRD Risk Response Development

RRK Registration Roller Knob

RRSP Resource Reservation Setup Protocol

RS Reduced instruction Set

RS Recommended Standard

RS-232 Revised Standard 232

RS-232 Recommended Standard 232

RSA Rrivest - Shamin - Adleman

RSAC Recessional Software Advisory Council

RSD Resource Sharing Delay

RSD Raster Scan Display

RSDFM Required System Data Flow Model

RSEB Reuse - driven Software Engineering Business

RSL Requirement Specification Language

RSLDM Required System Logical Data Model

RSM Requirements Specification Module

RSN Real Soon Now

RST Reliable Software Technologies

RSVP Resource Reservation Setup Protocol

RSX Read - time System Executive

RSX Realistic Sound Experience

RT Run Time

RT Real Time

Page 211: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RTA Response Time Agreement

RTC Real Time Clock

RTDG Round Trip Gestalt Design

RTF Rich Text Format

RTFM Read The Friendly Manual

RTFM Read The Flaming Manual

RTGD Round Tip Gestate Design

RTL Resistor Transistor Logic

RTL Real Time Language

RTL Run Time Library

RTL Register Transfer Level

RTL Right - To - Left

RTM Read The Manual

RTM Runtime Manager

RTM Response Time Monitor

RTMP Routing Table Maintenance Protocol

RTN Recursive Transition Network

RTNS Romanian Telecom Network Service

RTOS Real - Time Operating System

RTP Real Time Protocol

RTP/C Real Time Producer / Consumer

RTRL Real - Time Recurrent Learning

RTS Residual Time Stamp

RTS Request To Send

RTS Remote Takeover System

RTS/E Resource - sharing Timesharing System / Extended

RTSE Reliable Transfer Service Element

Page 212: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

RTSP Real - Time Streaming Protocol

RTT Round Trip Time

RTTI Runtime Type Information

RTTY Radio Teletypewriter

RTV Real - Time Video

RTVM RCCN Training and Verification Module

RTX Run Time Extension

RU Request Unit

RU Response Unit

RUIP Remote User Information Program

RVA Relative Virtual Address

RVFL Random Vector version of Functional Link

RVI Reverse Interrupt

RWM Read Write Memory

RZ Return to Zero

RZ Return Zero

Page 213: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

SS/MIME Secure Multipurpose

Internet Mail Extension

S/N Signal to Noise Ratio

S/WAN Secure Wide Area Network

S2MP Scalable Symmetric Multiprocessing

SA Synchronous Allocation

SA Source Address

SA Structured Analysis

SA/SD Structured Analysis / Structured Design

SAA System Application Architecture

SAAL Signaling ATM Adoption Layer

SAB Segment Accessed Bit

SADT Structured Analysis and Design Technique

SAE Society of Automotive Engineers

SAF Sequential Access File

SAFB Store And Forward Buffer

SAFE Security And Freedom through Encryption

SAG SQL Access Group

SAINT Symbolic Automatic Integrator

SAL Shift Automatic Left

SAM System Administration Manager

SAN Stochastic Activity Networks

SAN Storage Area Network

SAN System Area Network

SANE Standard Apple

Page 214: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Numeric Environment

SAP Service Access Point

SAP Service Advertising Protocol

SAP Simple Augmentation Plan

SAPD System Analysis and Program Development

SAPI Speech Application Programming Interface

SAPI Service Access Point Identifier

SAR Shift Automatic Right

SAR Segmentation And Reassembly

SARC Symantec Antivirus Research Center


Segmentation and Reassembly Protocol Data Unit

SARQ Selective Automatic Repeat Request

SAS Statement of Auditing


SAS Statistical Analysis System

SASI Shugart Associates Standard Interface

SATAN Security Administrators Tool for Analyzing Networks

SATC Software Assurance Technology Center

SBC Single Board Computer

SBI Small Basic Interpreter

SBR Steel Belted Radius

SBR Server Based Replication

SBRM Semantic Binary Relationship Model

SCC Spearman' s Correlation Coefficient

SCC Source Code Control

SCCP Signaling Connection

Page 215: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

Control Part

SCCS Source Configuration Control System

SCERA Software Cost Estimation and Risk Assessment

SCI Scalable Coherent Interconnections

SCL System Control Language

SCN Specification Change Notice

SCO Simple Currency Object

SCO Santa Cruz Operation

SCORE Symptoms Causes Outcomes Resources and Effects

SCP System Control Package

SCPC Single Channel Per Carrier

SCR Sustainable Cell Rate

SCR Silicon - Controlled Rectifier

SCS Schema Construction System

SCS Simple Classifier System

SCSI Small Computer System Interface

SCTC Secure Computing Technology Corporation

SCV Singapore Cable Vision

SDA Storage Data Acceleration

SDAI Standard Data Access Interface

SDC Sequential Data Compression

SDCN SNR Dependent Cepstrum Normalization

SDD Software Description Database

SDD Software Design Description

SDE Spatial Database Engine

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SDF Smallest Degree First

SDF Space Delimited Format

SDF Space Delimited File

SDG System Dependence Graph

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SDI Single Document Interface

SDIF SGML Document Interchange Format

SDIS Simmer Database Interchange Specification

SDK Software Developer's Kit

SDL Software Description Language

SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control

SDLM Software Distributed Lock Manager

SDM Semantic Data Model

SDM Space - Division Multiplexing

SDN Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SDN Systems Development Needs

SDQM Strategic Data Quality Management

SDR System Design Review

SDS Software Development System

SDSL Symmetric Digital Subscriber Line

SDT Software Design & Testing

SDT Synchronous Digital Transmission

SDTI Synthetic Discrete Tone Image

SDTV Standard Digital TV

SDU Service Data Unit

SDV Singular Decomposition Value

Page 217: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

SEAL Simple Efficient Adaptive Layer

SEAL Sensors and Environmental Applications Laboratory

SEAT Software Engineering Applied Technology

SEC Significant Error Case

SEC Securities and Exchange Commission

SEC Single Edge Connector

SECC Single Edge Contact Cartridge

SED Stream Editor

SEE Software Engineering Environment

SEFS Shortest Execution - First Service

SEG Software Engineering process Group

SEH Structured Exception Handling

SEI Software Engineering Institute

SEK Simulator of Expert's Knowledge

SEP Software Engineering Process

SEPO Software Engineering Process Office

SEPP Software Engineering for Parallel Processing

SER Serial

SERG Software Engineering Research Group

SES Severely Errored Seconds

SET Secure Electronic Transaction

SETP Secure Electronic Transaction Protocol

SF Sign Flag

SF Superframe

SFA Sales Force Automation

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SFD System Failure Description

SFLC Software First Life Cycle

SFPR Standard Floating Point Representations

SFT System Fault Tolerance

SFX Self Extracting archive

SGA System Global Area

SGI Silicon Graphics Inc.

SGML Standard Generalized Markup Language

SGMP Simple Gateway Monitoring Protocol

SGRAM Synchronous Graphic RAM

SHA Secure Hash Algorithm

SHA Simple Hashing Algorithm

SHCFG Strictly Hierarchical Context Free


SHTML Serverprased HTML


S-HTTP Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol

SI Shift In

SIB System Interface Buffer

SIBL System Interface Buffer Loader

SID System Identifier

SID Symbolic Interactive Debugger

SIDM Single Instruction, Multiple Data

SIF Standard Interchange Format

SIG Special Interest Group

SIG ACT SIG Automatic and Computability Theory

SIG CAS SIG Computer And Society

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SIG CUE SIG Computer User Education


SIG Management Of Data


SIG on computer Graphics

SILO System Integrating Logic Objects

SIM Society for Information Management

SIM Simulation

SIMD Single Instruction, Multiple Data

SIMM Single In - line Memory Modules

SIMS Sun Internet Mail Server

SIMS Survey Information Management System

SIO Start I/O

SIP SMDS Interface Protocol

SIP Single In - line Package

SIP Session Initiation Protocol

SIPEX Satellite IP Exchange

SIPP Single In - line Pin Package

SIR Software Incident Report

SIR Sustained Information Rate

SIR Serial Infrared

SISAL Stream and Iteration in a Single Assignment Language

SISD Single Instruction, Single Data

SISO Single Input, Single Output

SITE Software, Information and Technology Exchange

SKIP Simple Key management for Internet Protocols

SLA Serial Level

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SLA Software Fault Analysis

SLC System Life Cycle

SLCM Software Life Cycle Model

SLE System of Linear Equations

SLES Simultaneous Linear Equations System

SLI Session Level Interface

SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol

SLL Singly Linked Lists

SLM Service Level Management

SLOC Source Line Of Code

SLR Service Local Requirement

SLSI Superlarge Scale Integration

SLWB Second Level Write Buffer

SM Software Metrics

SMA System Multi - Agent

SMA System Masking Algorithm

SMART Self Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology

SMB Server Message - Block

SMD Structural Model Diagram

SMDL Standard Music Description Language

SMDS Switched Multimegabit Digital Service

SMDS Switched Multimegabit Data Service


SMDS Data Exchange Interface

SMES Supporting Microsoft Exchange Server

SMES Small and Medium Size

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SMF Single - Mode Fiber

SMF System Management Function

SMFA System Management Function Area

SMG Stochastic Market Group

SMI Software Maturity Index

SMI Structure of Management Information

SMIL Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language

SMIS Society for Management Information System

SMIT System Management Interface Tool

SMK Shared Management Knowledge

SML Standard Math Library

SMLC Software Maintenance Life


SMM Software Maintenance Models

SMM Share Mellor Method

SMM System Management Segment

SMM System Management Mode

SMO System Management Overview

SMP Symmetric Multi Processing

SMP Symmetric Multi Processor

SMPTE Society of Motion Picture & Television Engineering

SMS Sort Message Service

SMSL Standard Multimedia Scripting Language

SMT Surface - Mount Technology

SMTP Simple Mail Transport Protocol

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SN Sequence Number

SN Serial Number

SNA System Network Architecture

SND Sound

SNDCP Subnetwork Dependent Convergence Protocol

SNF Second Normal Form

SNI Subscriber Network Interface

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SNP Sequence Number Protection

SNPS Secure Marchant Payment System

SNR Signal to Noise Ratio

SNRM Set Normal Response Mode

SO Shift Out

SOB Substract One and


SOE Sequence Of Events

SOE Standard Operating Environment

SOFM Self Organizing Feature Map

SOH Start of Heanding

SOH Section Overhead

SOKR Structured Object Knowledge Representation

SOM System Object Model

SOMA Semantic Object Modeling Approach

SONET Synchronous Optical Network

SONN Self - Organizing Neural Network

SOOD Structural Object Oriented Design

SOP Standard Operating Practice

SOP Standard Operating Procedure

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SORS Same Origin Ray Set

SOW Statement Of Work

SOW Sum Of Weights

SP Standard Play

SPAM Software Productivity Analyst Method

SPANS Simple Protocol ATM Network Signaling

SPARC Sun Parallel Architecture

SPARC Scalable Processor Architecture

SPC Signal Processing Center

SPCD Soft Psench's subprocess Control Daemon

SPE Synchronous Pay load Envelope

SPEC Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation

SPF Shortest Path First

SPI Software Process Impediment

SPI Service Provider Interface

SPICD Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination

SPID Service Profile Identifier

SPIEL Story Producer for Interactive Learning

SPL Synchronous Programming Languages

SPM Software Project Management

SPN Stochastic Petri Nets

SPOOL Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On - Line

SPP Sequenced Packet Protocol

SPR Software Problem Report

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SPRT Sequential Probability Ratio Test

SPSR Saved Program Status Register

SPSS Statistical Package for the Social Sciences

SPT State Process Table

SPUR Symbolic Processing Using RISCs

SPVC Switched Permanent Virtual Connection

SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange

SQA Software Quality Assurance

SQAP Software Quality Assurance Plan

SQBL Supervised Query Based Learning

SQL Structured Query Language

SQM Software Quailing Metrics

SRAM Secondary RAM


SRAM Synchronous RAM

SRAPI Speech Recognition Application Programming Interface

SRE Software Reliability Engineering

SRE Software Risk Evaluation

SREJ Select Reject frame

SREM Software Requirement Engineering Methodology

SRM Software Risk Management

SRM Suitability of Reasoning Method

SRN Stochastic Reward Nets

SRR Software Requirement Review

SRS Software Requirement

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SRS System Requirements and Specification

SRT Source Route Transparent Protocol

SRT Supplier Response Time

SR-TB Source Route Translation Birding

SRTS Synchronous Residual Time Stamp

SS Stack Segment

SS Single - Sided

SS#7 Signaling System Number 7

SS/SD Single - Sided, Single - Density

SSA Serial Signature Analysis

SSA Serial Storage Architecture

SSADM Structured System Analysis and Design Method

SSAP Source Service Access Point

SSCC Serial Shipping Container Code

SSCF Service Specific Coordination Function

SSCOP Service Specific Connection Oriented Protocol

SSCP System Services Control Point

SSCS Service Specific Convergence Sublayer

SSD Snappy Software Development

SSD Solid - State Disk

SSDPM Supporting O Software Development Process Model

SSE Sum of Squared Errors

SSFDC Solid State Floppy Disk Card

SSFT Space Station File Transfer

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SSH Safe Shell

SSI Server Side Includes

SSI Small - Scale Integration

SSL Secure Socket Layer

SSM Single Segment Message

SSO System Setup Object

SSOC Space System and Operations Command

SSP Scientific Subroutine Package

SSP State Strict Passive

SSQAP Standard for Software Quality Assurance Plans

SSQM Strategy Software Quality Management

SSR Software Specification Review

SSS System Segment Specification

SST Structured Spanning Tree

ST Send Time

ST Symbol Table

STC Software Technology Center

STCP Spanning Tree Construction Problem

STD State Transition Diagram

STD Standard

STDERR Standard Error

STDIN Standard Input

STDM Synchronous TDM

STDM Statistical Time Division Multiplexing

STDOUT Standard Output

STE Section Terminating Equipment

STEIM Software Technologies Evaluation , Integration and

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STEP Standard for the Exchange Product Data

STI Set In

STL Structured Translator Language

STL Standard Template Library

STM Synchronous Transfer Mode

STM Short - Term Memory

STOP Security Tracking of Office Property

STOR Software Testing On - line Resources

STOS Send To Other Side

STP Shielded Twisted Pair

STP Spanning Twisted Pair

STP Software Through Picture

STR System Timer R

STRM Software Team Risk Management

STS Synchronous Transport Signal

STT Secure Transaction Technology

STW Short Term Workload

STX Start of Text

SUB Subroutine

SunOS Sun Operating System

SUOS Single User Operating System

SVC Switched Virtual Circuit

SVC Signaling Virtual Channel

SVD Single - Value Decomposition

SVG Standard Vector Graphics

SVGA Super Video Graphics Adapter

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SVGA Super Video Graphics Array

SVID System V Interface Definition

SVM Shared Virtual Memory

SVR Smart Video Recorder

SVS Smaller Video Sizes

SVT Start Validity Time

SVVP Software Verification and Validation Plane

SVVR Software Verification and Validation Report

SW Software

SWF Secure Way Framework

SWI Software Initiative

SWISH Simple Web Indexed System for Humans

SWNs Stochastic Well formed Nets

SXR Set Exception Return

SYS System


System to Evaluate Prescription Effects on Productivity

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TT/B Top and Bottom

T/R Transmit / Receive

TA Terminal Adapter

TAC Terminal Access Controller

TACACS TAC Access Control System

TACS Total Access Communication System

TAD Telephone Answering Device

TAMPEL Task Analytic Model for Predicting Ease and Learning

TAMS Telnet Access Management System

TAP Telelocator Alphanumeric Protocol

TAP Terminal Application Program

TAPCIS The Access Program for the CompuServe Information Service

TAPI Telephony Application Programming Interface

TAQL Task Acquisition Language

TAS Telephone Access Server

TASI Time Assignment by Speech Interpolation

TASM Turbo Assembler

T-ASPs Transport Abstract Service Primitives

TASs Terminal Access Controllers

TAXI Transparent Asynchronous Transceiver / receiver Interface

TB Tera Byte

TBBS The Bread Board System

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TBF Time Between Failure

TBGA Tape Ball Grid Array

TBK Toolbook

TBU Tape Backup Unit

TC Technical Committee

TC Transmission Control

TC Test Control

TC Terminal Controller

TC Transmission Convergence

TCA Text Compression Algorithm

TCB Trusted Computing Base

TCB Task Control Block

TCCG Technical Committee on Computer Graphics

TCI Telecommunications, Inc.

TCL Tool Command Language

TCL Tool Control Language

TCL/TK Tool Command Language / Tool Kit

TCM Trellis Code Modulation

TCO Total Coast Ownership

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

TCP Tape - Carrier Package

TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol

TCQ Trellis Coded Quantization

TCS Transmission Convergence Sublayer

TCSEC Trusted Computer Systems Evaluation Criteria

TD Transmission Delay

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TD Transmit Data

TDA Top Down Algorithm

TDC Tabular Data Control

TDD Telecommunications Device for the Deaf

TDE Terminal Display Editor

TDF Trace Definition File

TDI Transport Device Interface

TDM Technical Document Management

TDM Time - Division Multiplexing

TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

TDMS Terminal Display Management System

TDN Temporal Dependency Network

TDNN Time Delay Neural Network

TDP Top - Driver Pattern

TDP Tag Distribution Protocol

TDP Telelocator Data Protocol

TDQM Total Data Quality Management

TDR Time Domain Reflectometry

TDS Type Data Stream

TDSR Transmitter Data Service Request

TDT Template Date Types

TDV Test Device

TE Terminal Equipment

TE/2 Terminal Emulator 2

TEB Thread Environment Block

TEC Technical Education Council

TED Technical Environment Description

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TED Tiny Editor

TEI Terminal Endpoint Identifier

TELNET Teletype Network

TEML Turbo Editor Macro Language

TF Translation Fault

TF Trap Flag

TFDD Text File Device Driver

TFEL Thin - Film Electroluminescent

TFM Tagged Font Metric

TFSA Time - of Flight Scintillation Array

TFT Thin Film Transistor

TFTP Trivial File Transfer Protocol

TG Transmission Group

TGS Ticket Granting Server

TGT Ticket - Granting


TH Transmission Header

THD Total Harmonic Distortion

THD Thread


The House Open Multimedia Access System

THOR Tandy High - performance Optical Recording

THP Trusted High Process

THR Transmit Holding Register

THT Total Handing Times

TI Transformational Implementation

TIA Thanks In Advance

TIA The Internet Adapter

TIC Token - Ring Coupler

TID Target ID

TIDL Transactional

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Interface Definitional Language

TIES Time Independent Escape Sequence

TIF Total Include File

TIF Tagged Image File

TIFF Tag Image Format File

TIGA Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture

TIGER Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing

TIIAP Telecommunications and Information Infrastructure Assistance Program

TIM Technical Information Memo

TIMI Technology Independent Machine Interface

TIMS Text Information Management Systems

TINA Telecommunication Information Networking Architecture

TIO Test Input / Output

TIP Terminal Interface Processor

TIP Terminal Input Predicate

TIP Terminal Interface Processor

TIS Trusted Information Systems

TIW Telesystem International Wireless

TK/TK Track to Track

TKB Task Builder

TL Transport Layer

TLA Three Letter Acronyms

TLB Translation Look Buffer

TLB Table

Page 234: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

TLD Top Level Domain

TLI Transport Layer Interface

TLP Transited Low Process

TLS Transport Layer Security

TLS Transport Level Security

TLSP Transport Layer Securiting Protocol

TLU Table Lookup

TLX Telex

TM Trademark

TMDS Transition Minimized Differential Signaling

TML Task Modeling Language

TML Template

TMN Telecommunication Management Network

TMP Test and Measurement Processor

TMP Temporary

TMS Time - Multiplexed Switch

TMSD Time - Multiplexed Space - Division

TMT Transverse Memory Technology

TN Twisted Nematic

TNC Terminal Node Controller

TNF Third Normal Form

TNL Total Number of Lines

TNO The Netherlands Organization

TOBPTT Time - Optimal Backpropagation Through Time

ToC Table of Contents

TOD Time Of Day

TOF Top Of File

TOOR Traceability of Object Oriented

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TOP Technical and Office Protocols

TOP Transition Output Predicate

TOPS Transparent Operating System

TOS Tape Operating System

TP Transaction Processing

TP Twisted Pair

TPC Transaction Processing Council

TPC-D Transaction Processing Council benchmark D

TPDU Transport Protocol Data Unit

TPEP Trusted Product Evaluation Program

TPF Transactions Processing Facility

TPG Test Pattern Generator

TPI Tracks Per Inch

TPL Table Producing Language

TPM Transactions Per Minute

TPM Total Productive Maintenance

TPO Transaction Processing Online

TPORT Twisted pair Port Transceiver

TPR Tandem Project Report

TPS Technical Publishing Software

TPS Transactions Per Second

TPS Transaction Processing System

TPU Telephone Part User

TPW Turbo Pascal for Windows

TQC Total Quality Control

Page 236: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

TQFP Thin Quad Flat Pack

TQM Total Quality Management

TR Technical Report

TRADIC Transistorized Airborne Digital Computer

TRAM Tableau noir pour la Robotique Autonome Mobile

TRAM Transputer Module

TRD Take - on Requirements Description

TREC Text Retrieval Conference

TRI Term Rewriting Inderection

TRM Team Risk Management

TRM Terminal

TRN Token - Ring Network

TRN Threaded Read News

TRON The Real - time Operating system Nucleus

TROS Transformer Read Only Storage

TRP Token Ring Protocol

TRPB Truncated Reverse Path Broadcasting

TRS Tandy - Radio - Shack

TRST Technical Review Support Tool

TRT Token Rotation Timer

TS Task Switched

TS/SI Top Secret / Sensitive Information

TSAP Transport Service Access Point

TSAPI Telephony Services Application Program Interface

TSD Time Stamp Disable

TSDU Transport Service Data Unit

Page 237: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

TSE The Stemware Editor

TSL Three Static Logic

TSO Technical System Option

TSO Time Sharing Option

TSOP Thin Small Outline Package

TSP Traveling Salesperson Problem

TSR Terminate and Stay Resident

TSS Time - Sharing System

TSSE Total Sum of Squared Errors

TST Time - Space - Time

TST Test

TSTN Triple Supertwisted Nematic

TSV Tab Separated Values

TT Typewriter Text

TTA Transport - Triggered Architecture

TTCN Tree and Tabular Combined Notation

TTF TrueType Font

TTFD Testing Timing Factors Definition

TTL Time To Live

TTL Transistor - Transistor Logic

TTP Telephone Twisted Pair

TTP Thermal - Transfer Printing

TTRT Target Token Rotation Time

TTS Transactional Tracking System

TTS Text - To - Speech

TTSP Training - Test Set Pairs

TTY Teletypewriter

TUCOW The Ultimate Collection Of Winsock

Page 238: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

S Software

TUI Text - based User Interface

TUMS Table Update and Management System

TUT Tutorial

TV Turbo Vision

TVF Table of contents Verbosely from File

TVFS Toronto Virtual File System

TWAIN Technology Without An Interesting Name

TWM Tab Window Manager

TWX Teletypewriter Exchange Service

TXD Transmit (tx) Data

TXF Tax Exchange Format

TXT Text


Text to Structured File

TZ Time Zone

Page 239: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

UUA User Agent

UAA Universally Address

UAA Universally Administered Address

UAC User Assurance Coordination

UAE Unrecoverable Applications Error

UAM User Authentication Method

UAPI Universal Asynchronous Protocol Interface

UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver - Transmitter

UBNS Upper Bound on Network Size

UBR Unspecified Bit Rate

UCE Unsolicited Commercial E-mail

UCL Universal Communications Language

UCPC Useful Character Part with Coordinates

UCPP Useful Character Port with Projection

UCS Unicode Conversion Support

UCS Universal Character Set

UCS User Coordinate System

UCT Universal Coordinated Time

UDAO Universal Data Access Object

UDC User Defined Commands

UDC Universal Decimal Classification

UDE Universal Data Exchange

UDEC Universal Digital

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Electronic Computer

UDF User Defined Functions

UDF Universal Disk Format

UDF Unit Development Folder

UDG User Defined Gateway

UDP Unit Date Protocol

UDP User Datagram Protocol

UDT Uniform Data Transfer

UFDT User File Description Table

UFM Universal Function Model

UFP Unadjusted Function Point

UFS Unix File System

UG User Group

UHCI Universal Host Controller Interface

UHF Ultra - High Frequency

UHL User's Header Label

UI User Interface

UI Unix International

UIB User Interface Buffer

UIBL User Interface Buffer Loader

UIC User Identification Code

UID Unique Identifier

UID User Interface Definition

UID User Identifier

UIDSS User Interface Design Support System

UIL User Interface Language

UIMS User Interface Management System

UISM User Interface Standard Manual

Page 241: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

UIT Implementation Under Test

UL Unordered List

UL Upload

UL Underwriters Laboratories

ULA Uncommitted Logic Array

ULCC University of London Computing Center

ULN Universal Link Negotiation

ULSI Ultra Large Scale Integration

UMA Uniform Memory Access

UMA Upper Memory Area

UMA Unified Memory Architecture

UMB Upper Memory Block

UME Unit Management Entity

UML Uniform Modeling Language

UNC Uniform Naming Convention

UNC Uncoded Netnews Collator

UNCOL Universal Computed Oriented Language

UNI User Network Interface

UNICOM Universal Integrated Communication

UNII Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure

UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer

UNMA Unified Network Management Architecture

UPC Universal Product Code

UPC Usage Parameter Control

UPC Universal Products Code

UPL User Program Language

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UPM User Profile Management

UPM Update Process Model

UPP Universal Payment Preamble

UPS Uninterruptible Power System

UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply

UQBL Unsupervised QBL

UR Universal Relation

UR/FM User Role Function Matrix

URC Uniform Resource Citation

URC Uniform Resource Characteristics

UREP Unix RSCS Emulation Protocol

URFM User Role Foundation Matrix

URI Uniform Resource Identifier

URL Uniform Resource Locator

URN Universal Resource Names

US Universal Server

US Unit Separator

USART Universal Synchronous / Asynchronous Receiver / Transmitter

USB Universal Serial Bus

USENET User's Network

USG Unix Support Group

USOC Universal Service Ordering Code

USR US Robotics, Inc.

USRT Universal Synchronous Receiver - Transmitter

USS User System Support

USSA User Supported Software Association

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UT User Terminal

UTC Unshielded Twisted Pair

UTF Unicode Text Format

UTI Universal Text Interface

UTL User's Trailer Label

UTM Universal Transverse Mercator

UTOPIA Universal Test & Operation Physical Interface

UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair

UUCP Unix - to - Unix Copy Program


Unix - to - Unix Decoding


Unix - to - Unix Encoding

UUI User - to - User Information

UUID Universal Unique


UVL User's Volume Label

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VV&V Verification and


VA Virtual Address

VAB Voice Answer Back

VAC Volts Alternating Current

VAD Value Added Dealer

VADD Value Added Disk Driver

VADSL Very - high - rate Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

VAF Value Adjustment Factor

VAG VRML Architecture Group

VAL Voice Application Language

VAM Virtual Access Method

VAN Value Added Network

VAP Value Added Process

VAR Value Added Reseller

VAR Variable

VAS Vendor Application Services

VAST Variable Array Storage Technology

VAX Virtual Address Extension


Virtual Address Extension / Virtual Memory System

VB Visual Basic

VB Variable Block

VBA Visual Basic for Application

VBAR Vectorial Boundary Adaptation Rule

VBE/AI VESA BIOS Extension / Audio Interface

Page 245: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

V-BIC Wavelet Based Image Coding

VBL Vertical Blanking Interrupt

VBNS Very high - speed Backbone Network System

VBR Variable Bit Rate

VBRUN Visual Basic Runtime

VBX Visual Basic Extension

VC Virtual Channel

VC Virtual Circuit

VC Virtual Call

VCC Virtual Channel Connections

VCC Vertical Cell Collection

VCC Video Capture Card

VCD Video Capture Device

VCD Virtual Communications Driver

VCG Video Compression Guide

VCI Virtual Channel Identifier

VCL Views Class Library

VCL Visual Component Library

VC-N Virtual Container - N

VCOS Visual Caching Operating System

VCPI Virtual Control Program Interface

VCR Video Cassette Recorder

VCS Video Coding Standard

VCV Virtual Channel identifier Vector

VDD Version Description Document

VDD Virtual Display Device

VDD Virtual Device Driver

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VDDM Virtual Device Driver Manager

VDE Visual Development Environment

VDISK Virtual Disk

VDL Vienna Definition Language

VDM Video Display Metafile

VDM Virtual DOS Machine

VDMAD Virtual Direct Memory Access Device

VDMS Vienna Development Method Specification

VDMSL Vienna Development Method Specification Language

VDS Virtual DMA Services

VDSL Very - high - bit - rate Digital Subscriber Line

VDT Video Dial Tone

VDT Video Display Terminal

VDU Visual Display Unit

VEMM Virtual Expanded Memory Manager

VEMMI Versatile Multimedia Interface

VERM Verify for Read / Write


Very Easy Rodent - Oriented NetWare Index to Computerized Archives

VERR Verify Read access

VERW Verify Write access

VES Video Encoding Standard

VESA Video Electronics Standard Association

VESP Voice Enhanced Services Platform

VF Variance Factor

VF Virtual Floppy

VFAT Virtual File Allocation Table

Page 247: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

VFC Version First Class

VFD Vacuum Fluorescent Display

VFS Virtual File System

VFW Video for Windows

VGA Video Graphics Array

VGC Video Graphics Controller

VGM Voice - Grade Media

VHDL VHSIC Hardware Description Language

VHF Very - High Frequency

VHLL Very High Level Language

VHR Vertical and Horizontal Reduction

VHS Very High Speed

VHS Virtual Host Storage

VHS Video Home System

VHSIC Very High Speed Integrated Circuit

VI Visual Interactive

VIA Virtual Interface Architecture

VICS Voluntary Interindustry Communications Standards

VIDC Video Controller

VIE Virtual Information Environment

VIF Virtual Interrupt Flags

VIM Vendor Independent Messaging

VIM Vendor Independent Mail

VIM Video Interface Module

VINOS Virtual Network Operating System

VIO Virtual Input / Output

VIP Video Information Provider

VIP Virtual Interrupt Pending

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ViP Visual Programming

VIPER Verifiable Integrated Processor for Enhanced Reliability

VIS Visual Instruction Set

VIS Voice Information System

VIS Video Information System

VISA Virtual Socket Interface Alliance

VLAN Virtual LAN

VLB VESA Local Bus

VLD Visible Laser Diode

VLD Variable - Length Decoder

VLDB Very Large Database

VLF Very Low Frequency

VLINK Visited Link

VLIW Very Large Instruction Word

VLM Very Large Memory

VLM Virtual Loadable Module

VLS Very Large System

VLSI Very Large Scale Integration

VLSIPS Very Large Scale Immobilized Polymer Synthesis

VLT Variable List Table

VM Virtual Memory

VM Virtual Machine

VMA Virtual Memory Address

VMB Virtual Machine Boot

VMD Vendor - Managed Inventory

VME Virtual Mode Execution

VME Virtual Machine Environment

VME Versa Module Eurocard

Page 249: ACRONIME Calculatoare (Adi Pascu Si Ivan)

VME Virtual Memory Environment

VMI Video Module Interface

VMID Virtual Machine Identifier

VML Vector Markup Language

VMM Virtual Machine Monitor

VMMP Vector Matrix Multiplication Primitive

VMOS Vertical MOS

VMP Virtual MODEM Protocol

VMS Virtual Machine Storage

VMS Voice Message System

VMS Virtual Memory System

VMT Virtual Memory Technique

VN Virtual Network

VNA Virtual Network Architecture

VOB Voice Of the Business

VOC Voice Of Customer


Voice Operated Coder

VOD Video On Demand

VOFR Voice Over Frame Relay

VOIP Voice Over Internet Protocol

VON Voice On the Net

VOR Visions Of Reality

VOS Voice Operating System

VOS Verbal Operating System

VP Virtual Path


Virtual Path Connection Identifier / Virtual Channel Identifier

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VPD Virtual Product Definition

VPD Virtual Printer Device

VPD Vital Product Data

VPDN Virtual Private Data Network

VPDS Virtual Private Data Service

VPE Video Port Extensions

VPE Visual Programming Environment

VPF Vector Prudent Forward

VPI Virtual Path Identifier

VPIM Voice Profile for Internet Mail

VPL Virtual Programming Language

VPM Video Port Manager

VPN Virtual Private Network

VPN Virtual Page Number

VPS Voice Processing System

VPSC Vault, Process, Structure, Configuration

VPT Virtual Print Technology

VQ Vector Quantization

VQR Visual and verbal Qualitative Reasoning

VR Virtual Reality

VR Voltage Regulator

VRAM Virtual RAM


VRC Vertical Redundancy Check

VRE Voltage Regulated Extended

VRM Voltage Regulator Module

VRML Virtual Reality Modeling Language

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Virtual Real - time Object Oriented Memory Manager

VRT Voltage Regulation Technology

VRU Voice Response Unit

VS Virtual Storage

VSAM Virtual Storage Access Method

VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal

VSE Virtual Storage Extended

VSF Vertical Scanning Frequency

VSI Virtual Socket Interface

VSIO Virtual Serial Input Output

VSL Virtual Shareware Library

VSLI Very Large Scale Integration

VSM Virtual Shared Memory

VSM Virtual Storage Management

VSM Visual System Management

VSM Vector Smart Map

VSN Volume Serial Number

VSOS Virtual Storage Operating System

VSS Video Signal Standard

VSYNC Vertical Synchronization

VT Virtual Terminal

VT Virtual Tributary

VT Vertical Tab

VTAM Virtual Telecommunication Access Method

VTD Virtual Timer Device

VTOC Visual Table Of Contents

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VTP Virtual Terminal Protocol

VTR Video Tape Recorder

VUE Visual User Environment

VUEWM Visual User Environment Window Manager

VUI Video User Interface

VUIT Visual User Interface Tool

VUP VAX Unit of Performance

VUT Videx Ultra Term

VWB Visual Workbench

VXD Virtual Extended Driver

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WW3 World Wide Web

W3A World Wide Web Applets

W3C World Wide Web Consortium

W4 What - Works - With - What

WAAS Wide Area Augmentation System

WABI Windows Application Binary Interface

WAI Web Application Interface

WAIS Wide Area Information Server

WAIS Wide Area Information Service

WAITS Wide Area Information Transfer System

WAM Workstation Access


WAN Wide Area Network

WATM Wireless ATM

WATS Wide Area Telecommunications Service

WATT Web Automation Toolkit

WAV Waveform audio

WBEM Web - Based Enterprise Management

WBM Workload Base Models

WBS Work Breakdown Structure

WBT Windows - Based Terminal

WC Word Count

WCL Wireless Communication Link

WCS Writable Control Storage

WCS World Coordinate

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WD Write Direct

WDI Western Digital Imaging

WDL Windows Driver Library

WDM Warelength Division Multiplexing

WDM Windows Driver Model

WDP Web Developers Pack

WDRAM Windows Dynamic Random Access Memory

WebDAV Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning

WebNFS Web Network File System

WELL Whole Earth 'lectronic Link

WFM Wired For Management

WFMS Work Flow Management System

WFS Wide Frams Structure

WFW Windows For Workgroups

WFW Word For Windows

WGDS Working Group Draft Standard

WGS Work Group System

WGs Working Groups

WHAM Waveform Hold And Modify

WHC Workstation Host Connection

WIMP Windows Icons Menus and Pointers

WIN Windows

WIN95 Windows 95

WINE Windows Emulator

WINF Wireless Information Networks Forum

WINS Windows Internet Naming Service

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WIPR Work In Progress Register

WISC Writable Instruction Set Computer

WISE WordPerfect Information System Environment

WIT Web Interactive Talk

WKB Workbook

WKE Worksheet

WL Word Line

WMC Workflow Management Coalition

WMC Weighted Methods per Class

WMF Windows Metafile Format

WMNL Weighted Mean Nesting Level

WNIC Wide - area Network Interface Coprocessor

WNIM Wide - area Network Interface Module

WOD Warnier - Orr Diagrams

WORM Write Once, Read Many

WOS Workstation Operating System

WOSA Windows Open Services Architecture

WP Word Processing

WP Word Processor

WP WordPerfect

WPD WordPerfect Document

WPD Windows Printer Description

WPG WordPerfect Graphics

WPHD Write - Protect Hard Disk

WPM Words Per Minute

WPOS Workplace Operating System

WPS Workplace Shell

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WPS Windows Printing System

WPVM Windows Parallel Virtual Machine

WRAM Window Random Access Memory

WRB Web Request Broker

WRK Windows Resource Kit

WRS Wind River Systems

WS Workstation

WSAPI Web Site Application Program Interface

WSD Word Sense Disambiguation

WSH Windows Scripting Host

WSP Web Standards Project

WT Write Through

WT Weak Typing

WTS Windows Terminal Server

WWIS World Wide Information System

WWW World Wide Web

WWWC World Wide Web Consorting

WWWW Word Wide Web Worm


What You See Before You Get It


What You See Is What You Get

WZLU Weinberg's Zeroth Low of Unreliability

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XX X window system

X2B Hexadecimal to Binary

X2C Hexadecimal to Character

X2D Hexadecimal to Decimal

XA Extended Architecture

XAPIA X.400 API Association

XBM X - windows Bitmaps

XCMD External Command

XCOPY Extended Copy

XDF Extended Density Format

XDM X Display Manager

XDMCP X Display Manager Control Protocol

XDR External Data Representation

XFCN External Function

XFCN Extended Function

XFN X / open Federated Naming

XGA Extended Graphics Adapter

XGA Extended Graphics Array

XID Exchange Identifier

XIOS Extended Input / Output System

XLL Extensible Linking Language

XML Excel Macro Language

XML Extensible Markup Language

XMM Extended Memory Manager

XMP X / open Management Protocol

XMS Extended Memory

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XNS Xerox Networking System

XOR Exclusive-or

XPG X / open Portability Guide

XPM X - windows Pixelmaps

XPRM Xerox Print Resources Manager

XPS Extended Parallel Server

XRT Extensions for Real - Time

XSL Extensible Style Language

XSMD Extended Storage Module Drive

XSSI Extended Server Side Includes

XT X Terminal

XTCLK External Transmit Clock

XTP Express Transfer


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YY2K Year 2000

YAHOO Yet Another Hierarchically Officious Oracle

YCM Yellow - Cyan - Magenta

YHBT You Have Been Trolled

YHL You Have Lost

YSDM Yourdon's Structured Design Method

YTD Year To Date

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ZZAW Zero Administration


ZBR Zone - Bit Recording

Z-CAV Zoned Constant Angular Velocity

ZDL Zero Delay Lockout

ZDS Zenith Data Systems

ZF Zero Flag

ZFT Zero Force Threshold

ZIF Zero Insertion Force

ZIL Zinc Interface Library

ZIP Zone Information Protocol

ZIP Zig - zag In - line Pin

ZIP Zig - zag In - line Package

ZIP Zone Improvement


ZIT Zone Information Table

ZL Zero Latency

ZPV Zoomed Port Video

ZSL Zero Slot LAN