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[ 1 ] Plantele Si Fazele Lunii - 2. Fazele Lunii - WIKI

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Text of [ 1 ] Plantele Si Fazele Lunii - 2. Fazele Lunii - WIKI

Vert 14 Autumn Col 09.1.3

Who I Am : "Orice are forma, poate fi definit. Si orice poate fi definit, poate fi invins". Sun Tzu, 500 BC

Who I Am : "Orice are forma, poate fi definit. Si orice poate fi definit, poate fi invins". Sun Tzu, 500 BC

Vert 14 Autumn Col 09.1.3

1. La LUNA NOUA - Luna si Soarele sunt in conjunctie si rasar/apun odata.La Luna Noua, Luna nu este vizibila pe cer.2. LC = Intre LUNA NOUA SI LUNA PLINA = Luna este in crestere3. La LUNA PLINA - Luna si Soarele sunt in opozitie. Cand rasare Luna, apune Soarele.4. LD = Intre LUNA PLINA SI LUNA NOUA - Luna este in descrestere

Moon Phases

LN = New moon

Primul patrar LC = Waxing

LP = Full Moon

Al doilea patrar

LD = Waning

Fazele lunii 2012Tabelul de mai jos prezinta fazele Lunii asa cum se vor produce pe parcursul anului 2012. Fazele Lunii pentru lunatia in curs sunt marcate printr-o culoare distincta.

Luna NouaPrimul PatrarLuna PlinaUltimul Patrar

DataOraDataOraDataOraDataOra

24.12.201120:0601.01.201208:1409.01.201209:3016.01.201211:08

23.01.201209:3931.01.201206:0907.02.201223:5314.02.201219:04

22.02.201200:3401.03.201203:2108.03.201211:3915.03.201203:25

22.03.201216:3730.03.201221:4006.04.201221:1813.04.201212:49

21.04.201209:1829.04.201211:5706.05.201205:3512.05.201223:46

21.05.201201:4728.05.201222:1604.06.201213:1111.06.201212:41

19.06.201217:0227.06.201205:3003.07.201220:5111.07.201203:48

19.07.201206:2426.07.201210:5602.08.201205:2709.08.201220:55

17.08.201217:5424.08.201215:5331.08.201215:5808.09.201215:15

16.09.201204:1022.09.201221:4030.09.201205:1808.10.201209:33

15.10.201214:0222.10.201205:3229.10.201221:4907.11.201202:35

14.11.201200:0820.11.201216:3128.11.201216:4606.12.201217:31

13.12.201210:4120.12.201207:1928.12.201212:2105.01.201305:57

http://www.astro-info.ro/home/fazele_lunii_2012.php

Fazele Lunii in 2013

http://www.astro-info.ro/home/fazele_lunii_2013.phphttp://www.astro-info.ro/home/fazele_lunii_2013.phpFaza curenta a Lunii este:

Tabelul de mai jos prezinta fazele Lunii asa cum se vor produce pe parcursul anului 2013. Fazele Lunii pentru lunatia in curs sunt marcate printr-o culoare distincta.

Luna NouaPrimul PatrarLuna PlinaUltimul Patrar

DataOraDataOraDataOraDataOra

13.12.201210.4120.12.201207.1928.12.201212.2105.01.201305.57

11.01.201322.4319.01.201302.4527.01.201307.3803.02.201316.56

10.02.201310.2017.02.201323.3025.02.201323.2605.03.201300.52

11.03.201322.5119.03.201320.2627.03.201312.2703.04.201308.36

10.04.201313.3518.04.201316.3125.04.201323.5702.05.201315.14

10.05.201304.2818.05.201308.3425.05.201308.2431.05.201322.58

08.06.201319.5616.06.201321.2323.06.201315.3230.06.201308.53

08.07.201311.1416.07.201307.1822.07.201322.1529.07.201321.43

07.08.201301.5014.08.201314.5621.08.201305.4428.08.201313.35

05.09.201315.3612.09.201321.0819.09.201315.1227.09.201307.55

05.10.201304.3412.10.201303.0219.10.201303.3727.10.201303.40

03.11.201315.5010.11.201308.5717.11.201318.1525.11.201322.27

03.12.201303.2209.12.201318.1117.12.201312.2825.12.201316.47

TOTI ANII - Moon Phases Calendar

http://www.moonconnection.com/moon_phases_calendar.phtmlhttp://www.moonconnection.com/moon_phases_calendar.phtmlhttp://www.moonconnection.com/moon_phases_calendar.phtml

CURRENT MOON

http://www.calculatorcat.com/moon_phases/moon_phases.phtmlLunar phase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected fromMoon phases)

"Moon phase" redirects here. For the manga and anime series, seeTsukuyomi: Moon Phase.

The phase and libration of the Moon for 2013 at hourly intervals, with music, titles and supplemental graphics.

Animation of the Moon as it cycles through its phases, as seen from the Northern Hemisphere. The apparent wobbling of the Moon is known aslibration. The apparent change in size is due to the eccentricity of the lunar orbit.

Alunar phaseorphase of the moonis the appearance of the illuminated (sunlit) portion of theMoonas seen by an observer, usually on Earth. The lunar phases change cyclically as the Moonorbitsthe Earth, according to the changing relative positions of theEarth,Moon, andSun. The half of the lunar surface facing the Sun is always sunlit, but the portion of this illuminated hemisphere that is visible to an observer on Earth can vary from about 100% (full moon) to 0% (new moon). Thelunar terminatoris the boundary between the illuminated and unilluminated hemispheres. Aside from some craters near the lunar poles such asShoemaker, all parts of the Moon see around 14.77 days of sunlight followed by 14.77 days of "night" (there is no permanently "dark side" of the Moon).

Contents

hide 1Overview 2Phases of planets 3Names of lunar phases 4Calendar 5Calculating phase 6See also 7References 8External links 8.1General 8.2Educational aids

Thelunar phasedepends on the Moon's position in orbit around the Earth and the Earth's position in orbit around the sun. This animation (not to scale) looks down on Earth from the north pole of the ecliptic.

Lunar phases are the result of looking at the illuminated half of the Moon from different viewing geometries; they arenotcaused by the shadow of the Earth orumbrafalling on the Moon's surface (this occurs only during alunar eclipse).

The Moon exhibits different phases as the relative position of the Sun, Earth and Moon changes, appearing as a full moon when the Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the Earth and as a new moon (dark moon) when they are on the same side. The phases of full moon and new moon are examples ofsyzygies, which occur when the Earth, Moon, and Sun lie (approximately) in a straight line. The time between two full moons (aLunar month) is about 29.53 days1(29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes) on average (hence, the concept of the time frame of an approximated month was derived). Thissynodic monthis longer than thetimeit takes the Moon to make one orbit around the Earth with respect to the fixed stars (thesidereal month), which is about 27.32 days.1This difference is caused by the fact that the Earth-Moon system is orbiting around the Sun at the same time the Moon is orbiting around the Earth.

The actual time between two syzygies or two phases is quite variable because the orbit of the Moon isellipticand subject to various periodic perturbations, which change the velocity of the Moon. When the moon is closer to the earth, it moves faster; when it is farther, it moves slower. The orbit of the Earth around the Sun is also elliptic, so the speed of the Earth also varies, which also affects the phases of the Moon.

It might be expected that once every month when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun during a new moon, its shadow would fall on Earth causing asolar eclipse. Likewise, during every full moon one might expect the Earth's shadow to fall on the Moon, causing alunar eclipse. Solar and lunar eclipses are not observed every month because the plane of the Moon's orbit around the Earth is tilted by about five degrees with respect to the plane of Earth's orbit around the Sun (theplane of the ecliptic). Thus, when new and full moons occur, the Moon usually lies to the north or south of a direct line through the Earth and Sun. Although aneclipsecan only occur when the Moon is either new or full, it must also be positioned very near the intersection of Earth's orbit plane about the Sun and the Moon's orbit plane about the Earth (that is, at one of itsnodes). This happens about twice per year, and so there are between four and seven eclipses in a calendar year. Most of these are quite insignificant; major eclipses of the Moon or Sun are rare.

SeePlanetary phase

Phases of the Moon, as seen looking southward from the Northern Hemisphere. The Southern Hemisphere will see each phase rotated through 180. The upper part of the diagram is not to scale, as the Moon is much farther from the Earth than shown here.

The phases of the Moon have been given the following names, in sequential order:

A last quarter crescent moon above Earth's horizon is featured in this image photographed by anExpion 24crew member.

PhaseNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereVisibilityStandard time of culmination (mid-phase)

New moonNot visible, traditionally Moon's first visiblecrescentafter sunset12 noon

Waxing crescent moonRight 149% visibleLeft 149% visibleafternoon and post-dusk3 pm

First quarter moonRight 50% visibleLeft 50% visibleafternoon and early night6 pm

WaxinggibbousmoonRight 5199% visibleLeft 5199% visiblelate afternoon and most of night9 pm

Full moonFully visibleFully visiblesunset to sunrise (all night)12 midnight

Waning gibbous moonLeft 5199% visibleRight 5199% visiblemost of night and early morning3 am

Third (last) quarter moonLeft 50% visibleRight 50% visiblelate night and morning6 am

Waning crescent moonLeft 149% visibleRight 149% visiblepre-dawn and morning9 am

Dark moonNot visible, traditionally Moon's last visiblecrescentbefore sunrise12 noon

When the Sun and Moon are aligned on the same side of the Earth the Moon is "new", and the side of the Moon visible from Earth is not illuminated by the Sun. As the Moon waxes (the amount of illuminated surface as seen from Earth is increasing), the lunar phases progress from new moon, crescent moon, first-quarter moon,gibbousmoon and full moon phases, before returning through the gibbous moon, third-quarter (or last quarter) moon, crescent moon and new moon phases. The terms old moon and new moon are interchangeable, although new moon is more common. Half moon is often used to mean the first- and third-quarter moons, while the term 'quarter' refers to the extent of the moon's cycle around the Earth, not its shape.

Gibbous vs Crescent

When a sphere is illuminated on one hemisphere and viewed from a different angle, the portion of the illuminated area that is visible will have a two-dimensional shape defined by the intersection of an ellipse and circle (where the major axis of the ellipse coincides with a diameter of the circle). If the half-ellipse is convex with respect to the half-circle, then the shape will be gibbous (bulging outwards), whereas if the half-ellipse is concave with respect to the half-circle, then the shape will be acrescent. When a crescent Moon occurs, the phenomenon ofEarthshinemay be apparent, where the night side of the Moon faintly reflects light from the Earth.

Crescent Moon taken by MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope atLa Silla. CrESO.

In thenorthern hemisphere, if the left side of the Moon is dark then the light part is growing, and the Moon is referred to aswaxing(moving toward a full moon). If the right side of the Moon is dark then the light part is shrinking, and the Moon is referred to as waning (moving toward a new moon). Assuming that the viewer is in the northern hemisphere, the right portion of the Moon is the part that is always growing (i.e., if the right side is dark, the Moon is growing darker; if the right side is lit, the Moon is growing lighter). In the southern hemisphere the Moon is observed from a perspective inverted to that of the northern hemisphere, so the opposite sides appear to grow (wax) and shrink (wane).

MayJune 2005 calendar of lunar phases

Main article:Lunar calendarThe average calendrical month, which is 1/12 of a year, is about 30.44 days, while the Moon's phase (synodic) cycle repeats on average every 29.53 days. Therefore the timing of the Moon's phases shifts by an average of almost one day for each successive month. Photographing the Moon's phase every day for a month, starting in the evening after sunset, and repeating approximately 25 minutes later each successive day, ending in the morning before sunrise, would create a composite image like the example calendar from May 8, 2005, to June 6, 2005. There is no picture on May 20 since a picture would be taken before midnight on May 19, and after midnight on May 21. Similarly, on a calendar listing moon rise or set times, some days will appear to be skipped. When the Moon rises just before midnight one night it will rise just after midnight the next (so too with setting). The 'skipped day' is just a calendar artifact and not the Moon behaving strangely.

Lunar apogee and perigee

The approximate age of the moon, and hence the approximate phase, can be calculated for any date by calculating the number of days since a known new moon (such as January 1, 1900 or August 11, 1999) and reducing this modulo 29.530588853 (the length of a synodic month). The difference between two dates can be calculated by subtracting theJulian Day Numberof one from that of the other, or there are simpler formulae giving (for instance) the number of days since December 31, 1899. However, this calculation assumes a perfectly circular orbit and therefore may be incorrect by several hours (it also becomes less accurate the larger the difference between the required date and the reference date); it is accurate enough to use in a novelty clock application showing moon phase, but specialist usage taking account of lunar apogee and perigee requires a more elaborate calculation.

Moon portal

Blue moon Lunaception Lunar effect Lunation Observing the Moon Planetary phase Planetshine Seven-day week Tides Week

This articleneeds additionalcitationsforverification.Please helpimprove this articleby adding citations toreliable sources. Unsourced material may bechallengedandremoved.(July 2012)

1. ^abPamela J. W. Gore (1996-01-22)."Phases of the Moon". Georgia Perimeter College. Retrieved 2010-06-14.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:Lunar phases

Six Millennium Catalog of Phases of the Moonhosted byNASA Virtual Reality Moon Phase US Naval Service on Moon Phase/What the Moon Looks Like Today(United States Naval Observatory)

Full Moon Names Telescopic moon photos through the phasesby Michael Myers

Current Moon Phase The Length of the Lunar Cycle(numerical integration analysis)

Lunar phase simulator (animation) Starchild: Moonlight MadnessLunar Phases Game

Names and Images of the 8 moon phases Quia 3rd Grade SOL 3.8 Put the Moon's Phases in the Correct OrderGame

Astrophysics Science Project Integrating Research & Education: Lunar PhasesQuiz

hide v t eTheMoon

Physical features

Internal structure Gravity field Topography Magnetic field Atmosphere Ion tail Moonlight

Orbit

Orbit of the Moon Phases Solar eclipse Lunar eclipse Solar eclipses on Moon TideLunar surface

Selenography Near side Far side Lunar mare List Craters List Mountains Valleys South PoleAitken basin Shackleton crater Water Soil Peak of eternal light Space weathering Transient lunar phenomenon Lunar basalt 70017Lunar science

Geology timescale Giant impact hypothesis Moon rocks Lunar meteorites KREEP ALSEP Lunar laser ranging Late Heavy Bombardment Observing the Moon Apollo 11 lunar sample display Apollo 17 lunar sample displayExploration

Exploration of the Moon Apollo program Robotic exploration Future missions Lunar colonization Moon Landing hoax accusationsOther topics

Calendar Month The Moon in art and literature The Moon in mythology Moon illusion Harvest moon Hunter's moon Lunar effect Craters named after people Man in the Moon Moon is made of Green Cheese See alsoSolar System Natural satellite Double planet

LINKS

Primul Ptrar - Luna n cretere la 90 de grade de Soare (n cuadrat)Seminele ncep s germineze.

Citeste mai multe despreRitmuri cosmice - ciclul Lunii - Articole - Mirabilys Magazinpe paginawww.mirabilys-magazin.rohttp://www.mirabilys-magazin.ro/articole/ritmuri-cosmice-ciclul-luniiCalendarul lunii

de M.Arjoca,vegetalshapes.comhttp://vegetalshapes.com/Romana/CalendarulLunii.htmlOamenii au fost fascinati din totdeauna de astre, de modul in care viata poate depinde de acestea. Observatoare astronomice vechi de mii de ani ne uimesc si ne trezesc curiozitatea. Soarele, luna, alte planete si stelele in corelatie cu pamantul au jucat un rol important de-a lungul timpului in credintele, religiile, viata culturala si agricola a oamenilor.

In lumea plantelor elementele cheie necesare ca acestea sa incolteasca, sa creasca, sa infloreasca si sa rodeasca sunt:lumina,solul,apasiaerul.

Soarele, prin lumina si caldura pe care o emana, este astrul cu importanta majora in lumea verde. Luna, corpul ceresc cel mai apropiat de pamant, a fost considerata o zeitate, un teritoriu al binelui sau al raului, un lacas al spiritelor, o multime de povesti, superstitii si credinte circuland din timpuri stravechi pana in ziua de azi. In ultima vreme oamenii au inceput sa se intrebe daca si in ce fel ar avea luna influenta asupra plantelor. Cautand un raspuns la aceasta intrebare, am ajuns la concluzia ca exista trei opinii legate de acest subiect:

luna nu are influenta asupra plantelor si chiar daca are, influenta este nesemnificativa.

luna are influenta asupra plantelor in ceea ce priveste germinarea, cresterea, dezvoltarea si rodirea (si de aici au rezultat calendare lunare ale lucrarilor in gradina).

nu se poate afirma daca luna are sau nu are influenta asupra plantelor intrucat nu exista suficiente experimente cu rezultate evidente.

Luna se roteste in jurul pamantului si impreuna cu acesta (sistemul pamant-luna) in jurul soarelui. Luna se roteste in jurul pamantului pe parcursul aproximativ a 28 de zile, timp in care parcurge 4 faze: luna noua, primul patrar, luna plina si ultimul patrar. Aceste faze sunt date de pozitia sa fata de pamant si fata de soare, de unghiul sub care cade lumina soarelui pe luna. Perioada in care lumina lunii creste (intervalul luna noua luna plina ) se imparte in 2 faze, fiecare durand 7 zile: primul patrar si al doilea patrar, iar perioada in care lumina sa scade (intervalul luna plina luna noua) se imparte deasemenea in 2 faze, fiecare avand tot 7 zile: al treilea patrar si al patrulea patrar.

Infotografiade mai jos postata de wikipedia se pot observa aceste faze.

Pamantul si luna se atrag reciproc iar acest fapt determina aparitia unor fenomene ca mareele, vanturile lunare si furtunile cu tunete.

Forta gravitationala dintre luna si pamant face ca apa oceanelor sa se ridice. Cand luna se apropie de pamant apele oceanelor tind sa se ridice catre ea si astfel apare fluxul.

Forta de atractie dintre soare si pamant creaza deasemenea fluxuri, dar aceasta forta este mai slaba decat cea dintre luna si pamant. Insa in momentul in care soarele, luna si pamantul se afla aproximativ pe aceeasi linie, (luna noua si luna plina), fortele lor gravitationale se unesc si fluxul atinge inaltimea maxima. In timpul primului si ultimului patrar luna si soarele se afla in unghiuri drepte fata de pamant si deci inaltimea fluxului este mica.

Nu orice mare sau lac are maree insa. Pentru ca acestea sa se formeze este nevoie de un volum imens de apa. In cazul unor lacuri sau mari inaltimea fluxului este doar de cativa cm sau mm.

Cei care sustin ca luna influenteaza ciclul de viata al plantelor, se bazeaza pe ideea ca acestea sunt foarte sensibile la fenomenele care au loc in jur, forta de atractie dintre luni si pamant exercitandu-se nu numai asupra oceanelor ci si asupraapeidin sol si din plante.

In momentul in care apa dinsolse ridica catre luna, semintele plantelor pot sa o absoarba mai repede si mai bine, determinand o germinare de succes. Ei considera ca activitatile in gradina se pot realiza in functie defazele lunii:

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://vegetalshapes.com/Images/Second-quarter.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET

INCLUDEPICTURE "http://vegetalshapes.com/Images/Last-quarter.jpg" \* MERGEFORMATINET

Luna nouaCrestereLuna plinaDescrestereLuna noua

Aici este un link unde poti afla care estefaza curenta a lunii.

PerioadaLucrari

Luna noua - Luna plina

- cresterea luminii

- nivelul apei se ridica Prima saptamana

- plantarea legumelor de tip frunza: broccoli, varza, salata, spanac, telina, conopida

A doua saptamana

- plantarea legumelor care fac seminte in interiorul fructelor: fasole, mazare, rosii;

- recoltarea de legume;

- transplantarea

Luna plina Luna noua

-descresterea luminii-nivelul apei scade

Prima saptamana

- plantarealegumelor de tip radacina: cartofi, morcovi, sfecla, ceapa;

- taierea crengilor

A doua saptamana- nu se insemanteaza, nu se recolteaza si nici nu se taie crengile;

- culegerea buruienilor si alte lucrari adiacente in gradina

Unii dintre cei care sustin ca luna are o influenta directa mare asupra plantelor se bazeaza pe teoria siderala a Mariei Thun,care incepand cu anii 1952 a realizat o serie de experimente in urma carora a ajuns la concluzia ca pozitia lunii in zodiac este importanta pentru dezvoltarea plantelor.

Ea a impartit plantele in patru categorii care sunt corelate la elementele clasice:

Radacini pamant

Frunze apa

Flori aer (lumina)

Fructe si seminte foc (caldura)

Apoi a impartit constelatiile zodiacului in patru triunghiuri, fiecare dintre acestea corespunzand deasemenea unui element dintre cele patru si deci uneia dintre categoriile de plante.

Aceste triunghiuri devin importante pentru plante daca, insamantarea, plantarea sau recoltarea pentru fiecare tip de planta se face in momentul in careluna se afla in constelatiile corespunzatoare:

Pozitia luniiElementPlante

Berbec, Leu, SagetatorFocFructe, Seminte

Gemeni, Balanta, VarsatorAerFlori

Rac, Scorpion, PestiApaFrunze

Taur, Feciora, CapricornPamantRadacini

Pe langa pozitia lunii, M. Thun sustine ca mai trebuie adaguate calitateasolului, acompostului, adancimea brazdei si sistemul de udare pentru ca rezultatele sa fie eficiente. Anual apare un calendar al lucrarilor in gradina elaborat de aceasta.

Diversi cercetatori care au realizat experimente la randul lor pentru a verifica teoria siderala a M. Thun au mentionat o serie de probleme care se regasesc in experimentele ei:

imposibilitatea de a repeta experimentele;

masurarea unui singur parametru;

neraportarea datei exacte si a timpului cand s-a realizat insamantarea;

influente subiective;

neinformarea tuturor participantilor care sunt randurile experimentale etc.

Rezultatele obtinute de ei nu au confirmat teoria acesteia, ba unele chiar au infirmat-o, experimentele care apar in calendarul sau anual, fiind considerate prea sumare si deci fara importanta stiintifica.

Alti cercetatori au realizat deasemenea experimente pentru a vedea daca exista sau nu o influenta lunara asupra plantelor si au constat ca in faza de luna plina apare un efect pozitiv in ceea ce privaste germinarea. Insa experimentele de acest tip sunt putine la numar si inca nu se poate afirma cu tarie existenta unui efect sigur.

Prin urmare ramane la latitudinea fiecaruia sa decida daca face gradinarit in functie de ciclul lunar sau urmeaza ghidul propriului sau simt.