In Vietnam: Ecosystems and Livelihoods Adaptation Network - Key Concepts

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  • 1. Key Concepts - Integrating ecosystem management approaches into people-centered adaptation Carina Bachofen April 28, 2011 Hanoi, Vietnam
  • 2.
    • How has climate change affected your work?
    • Does your organization focus on a particular aspect of climate change?
    • What do you think are the major challenges to implementing adaptation policy and practice in Vietnam?
    Addressing Climate Change in Vietnam
  • 3. What does good adaptation look like?
    • Long-term livelihood security
    • A continuous process
    • Results are sustained
    • Resources are efficiently and sustainably used
    • Pro-poor planning is key
    • Old strategies and new knowledge are combined
    • - Addressing changing disaster risks
  • 4. Community-based Adaptation A community-led process based on communities priorities, needs, knowledge, and capacities, which should empower people to plan for and adapt to the impacts of climate change Hannah Reid, Mozaharul Alam, Rachel Berger, Terry Cannon, Saleemul Huq, and Angela Milligan, Community-based adaptation to climate change: an overview, 2010
  • 5. Focus for Today: Integrated Approaches to Adaptation WHAT is the role that ecosystem goods and services play in community-based adaptation? WHY is integrating sound ecosystem management important for adaptation policy and practice that helps people? HOW can we integrate sound ecosystem management practices into policy and practice that helps people adapt?
  • 6. Understanding the role of ecosystems in community-based adaptation
    • Why is integrating sound ecosystem management important for adaptation?
      • To improve our diagnosis
      • To avoid maladaptation
      • To reduce costs and increase sustainability
  • 7. 2. Avoiding Maladaptation
    • Promoting sound ecosystem management in adaptation can:
    • Avoid one-sided or incoherent, approaches based on NRM
    • Discourage destructive practices
    • (i.e. degradation, deforestation, etc)
    • Improve human health, facilitate human habitation, economic activity, and sustainable livelihood activities
  • 8. 3. Reducing costs of adaptation while building community resilience
    • Ecosystem-based solutions are often more effective and less costly than hard infrastructure options
  • 9. How do we integrate ecosystem management approaches into adaptation planning? Promote approaches that reduce human pressures on ecosystems Emphasize bottom-up approaches that promote community engagement in adaptation Promote and maintain flexibility to adapt to a dynamic climate Work across different social, political and ecological scales
  • 10. Integrated Approaches: a new way of thinking about Adaptation
    • No longer an adaptation option perhaps the adaptation option!
    • A work in progress
    • What are your thoughts?
  • 11. Thank you! Carina Bachofen bachofen.iucn@gmail.com ELAN Website: www.elanadapt.net

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