Polonnaruwa - Sri Lanka

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    16-Dec-2014

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Presentation done by Jetwing Travels new recruits:-Ushman Ali -Damith Fernando -Suren Ambrose -J. Pathiratne-Darren Mario

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<ul><li> 1. A Y U B OW A N</li></ul> <p> 2. </p> <ul><li><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Kings who ruled Polonnaruwa </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Stupas and Monuments </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Image Houses</li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Ancient Palaces </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul></li></ul> <p>CONTENT 3. THE KINGS WHO RULED POLONNARUWA </p> <ul><li>CHOLA1017-1070 </li></ul> <ul><li>VIJAYABAHU 1 1070-1110</li></ul> <ul><li>JAYABAHU 1 1110-1111 </li></ul> <ul><li>VIKRAMABAHU 1 1111-1132 </li></ul> <ul><li>GAJABAHU 11 1132-1159 </li></ul> <ul><li>PARAKRAMABAHU 1 1153-1186 </li></ul> <ul><li>VIJAYABAHU 11 1186-1187 </li></ul> <ul><li>NISSANKAMALLA 1187-1196 </li></ul> <ul><li>VIKRAMABAHU 11 1196 </li></ul> <ul><li>CHODA GANGA 1196-1197 </li></ul> <ul><li>LILAWATHEE 1197-2000 </li></ul> <ul><li>SAHASA MALLAWA 1200-1202 </li></ul> <ul><li>KALYANAWATHI 1202-1208 </li></ul> <ul><li>DHARMASHOKA 1208-1209 </li></ul> <ul><li>ANIKANGA MAHADIPADA 1209 </li></ul> <ul><li>LILAWATHEE (2 ndtime) 1209-1210 </li></ul> <ul><li>LOKESHWARA 1210-1211 </li></ul> <ul><li>LILAWATHEE ( 3 rdtime) 1211-1212 </li></ul> <ul><li>PARAKRAMABAHU PANDU 1212-1215 </li></ul> <ul><li>MAGHA (Kalinga Vijayabahu)1215-1236 </li></ul> <p> 4. POLONNARUWA </p> <ul><li>RANKOTH VEHARA </li></ul> <ul><li>KIRI VEHARA </li></ul> <ul><li>WATADAGEYA </li></ul> <p> 5. TYPES OF STUPA </p> <ul><li>GHANTAKARA -(Bell shape) </li></ul> <ul><li>GHATAKARA -(Pot shape) </li></ul> <ul><li>PADAMAKARA -(Lotus shape) </li></ul> <ul><li>DHANYAKARA (Heap of paddy shape) </li></ul> <ul><li>BUBBULAKARA -(Bubble shape) </li></ul> <ul><li>AMLAKARA -(Shape of Nelli fruit) </li></ul> <p> 6. PARTS OF STUPA </p> <ul><li>PESAVALALU Berms or terraces </li></ul> <ul><li>GHARBAYA Hemispherical Dome </li></ul> <ul><li>HATHARAS KOTUWA Tee Cube </li></ul> <ul><li>DEVATHA KOTUWA Cylindrical neck </li></ul> <ul><li>KOTH KERELLA Conical Spire </li></ul> <ul><li>KOTHA </li></ul> <p> 7. RANKOTH VEHARA Build by king Nissankamalla 8. RANKOTH VEHARA </p> <ul><li>BUILD BY King Nissankamalla </li></ul> <ul><li>HEIGHT 55mtrs </li></ul> <ul><li>OLD NAME Ruwanvali dagaba </li></ul> <p> 9. KIRI VEHARA 10. KIRI VEHARA </p> <ul><li>BUILD BY King Parakramabahu </li></ul> <ul><li>HEIGHT 95 mtrs </li></ul> <p> 11. The Sage (King Parakramabahu) IT IS A 12 THCENTURY STATUE OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE SAGEBUT POPULARLY BELIEVED TO REPRESENT PARAKRAMBAHU. 12. The Vatadage DESPITE CLAIMING TO HAVE DONE SO,THE VATADAGE WAS NOT BUILT BY NISSANKAMALLA BUT ONLY REPAIRED AND EMBELLISHED BY HIM. 13. Gal Vihare-Rock Shrine THE MOST IMPRESSIVE SCULPTURES AT POLONNARUWA ARETHE COLOSSAL BUDDHA IMAGES CARVED ON THE FACE OF A GRANITEBOULDER AT THE GAL VIHARE. 14. Royal Palace 15. Audience Hall 16. Parakrama Samudraya Not even a little water that comes from the rain must flow into the ocean without being made useful to man 17. Lankathilakaya 18. Hinduinfluence Buddhist architecture 19. * Two great walls *Very impressive 20. Thuparamaya 21. whole building as survived over 900 years miraculously 22. The statue are made of the precious stone which reflect sunlight illuminating 23. Thiwanka Image House 24. 25. Frescos showing the Jathaka Stories 26. Uncommon lady Bahirawa Image 27. Thank You </p>