NOBEL PRIZEby Sarfaraz Ahmed
NOBEL PRIZE, THE MOST RESPECTED AWARD, WAS ESTABLISHED IN STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, IN THE YEAR 1901 AS THE MEMORY OF ALFRED NOBEL
PEACE , PHYSICS,CHEMISTRY,PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE,ECONOMIC SCIENCES ANDLITERATURE.
FOR ACHIEVEMENTS IN:
Nomination forms are sent by the Nobel Committee to about 3,000 individuals, usually in September the year before the prizes are awarded.
Regarding the Peace Prize, inquiries are also sent to governments and former Peace Prize laureates.
The deadline for the nomination forms is 31 January of the year of the award.
The Nobel Committee nominates about 300 potential laureates from these forms.
The nominees are not publicly named, nor are they told that they are being considered for the prize.
All nomination records for a prize are sealed for 50 years from the awarding of the prize.
Nobel's will provide prizes in recognition of discoveries made during the preceding year.
The institutions meet to choose the laureate or laureates in each field by a majority vote.
Their decision is announced immediately after the vote.
A maximum of three laureates and two different works may be selected per award.
Except for the Peace Prize, which can be awarded to institutions.
If the Peace Prize is not awarded, the money is split among the scientific prizes.
AWARD INCLUDESa diploma and a cheque for a large sum of money (about 10 million Swedish crowns last time).
Front of the medal
Back of the medal
LIST OF 2016 NOBEL WINNERS
PEACE"for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end"Juan Manuel Santos
PHYSICS"for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter"David J. Thouless,F. Duncan M. HaldaneandJ. Michael Kosterlitz
CHEMISTRYJean-Pierre Sauvage,Sir J. Fraser StoddartandBernard L. Feringa"for the design and synthesis of molecular machines"
PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE"for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy"Yoshinori Ohsumi
ECONOMIC SCIENCESOliver HartandBengt Holmstrm"for their contributions to contract theory"
LITERATURE"for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition"Bob Dylan
INDIAN ACHIEVERSRabindranath Tagore - [ Literature (1913) ]
Sir C.V. Raman - [Physics (1930)]
Dr. Hargobind Khorana- [ Medicine and Physiology (1968)]
Mother Teresa - [peace (1979)]
Dr. Subramaniam Chandrasekar- [physics (1983)]
Dr. Amartya Sen- [Economics (1998)]
V.S. Naipaul - [British writer of Indian origin, Literature 2001 ]
Rudyard Kipling - [Literature (1907)]
Kailash Satyarthi - [peace (2014)]
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT NOVEL PRIZE
Nobel himself was a Scientist, Engineer, Physicist, Inventor, Philanthropist and a Businessman.
Only twelve women have received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Malala Yousufzai is the youngest person to achieve the Nobel at the age of 17.
The Curies (Marie and Pierre Curie) comprised a very successful 'Nobel Prize family'.
The dictators Benito Mussolini (1935), Adolf Hitler (1939) and Joseph Stalin (1945, 1948) were all nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize where as M.K.Gandhi has never got one.
Thank You Allhttps://www.linkedin.com/in/sarfaraz-ahmed-b0ba734bMohammad Sarfaraz Ahmed