Requirements of human are increasing tremendously with massive change along with the evolution of human and its development. This creates stress on the natural resources; such as water, lands, forest, etc. Freshwater demand is highly increased with the growing population and the change in lifestyle of people. Hence, the concept of interbasin water transfer was developed to minimize water scarcity and to distribute water as per requirements. However, this has brought lots of negative consequences that became a challenge to preserve the earth systems. The National River Linking Plan (NRLP) is developed by the Government of India to resolve water scarcity and that plan became controversial especially on the transboundary water right issues. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to highlight all the major and minor consequences that might happen due to the NRLP project with the perspective of making sustainable environmental development. The study revealed that for the sustainable development; every issue related to nature, socio-cultural and transboundary water right must be addressed and water should be distributed in such a manner that it solves the issues of spatial and temporal water availability.
- 1. Pabitra Gurung PhD Student (230111762) firstname.lastname@example.org Presentation for the course NRES-801 Natural Resources and Environmental Studies (NRES) University of Northern British Columbia Prince George, BC, CANADA 4/17/2014 INTER-BASIN WATER TRANSFER IS THIS A SOLUTION FOR WATER SCARCITY?
2. 4/17/2014 Outline Background Global Water Transfer/River Linking Nechako River Water Transfer Water Scarcity and Water Transfer Ganges River Basin River Linking Plan of India Impact of River Linking (Advantages & Disadvantages) Transboundary Issues Conclusion Discussion 3. 4/17/2014 Background: Global Water Transfer/River Linking Source: WIKIPEDIA 4. 4/17/2014 Background: Global Water Transfer/River Linking For the alleviation of water scarcity Source: WIKIPEDIA 5. 4/17/2014 Background: Global Water Transfer/River Linking For the generation of hydropower Source: WIKIPEDIA 6. 4/17/2014 Background: Global Water Transfer/River Linking For the generation of hydropower: Local Project in BC, Canada Source: WIKIPEDIA Kenney Dam, from which runoff is diverted from the Nechako River to a coastal watershed, the Kemano River 7. 4/17/2014 Background: Water Scarcity and Water Transfer Source: International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Physical and Economic water scarcity in 2025 8. 4/17/2014 Background: Water Scarcity and Water Transfer Source: International Water Management Institute (IWMI) Physical and Economic water scarcity in 2025 9. 4/17/2014 Background: Ganges River Basin, India Source: Water Resources System Division, National Institute of Hydrology, India 10. 4/17/2014 River Linking Plan of India Source: Water Resources System Division, National Institute of Hydrology, India Indias National River Linking Program (NRLP), National Water Development Agency (NWDA) 16 probable links of the Peninsular Rivers 14 probable links of the Himalayan Rivers Increasing population and improved living standard Water stress in western and middle part of the India 11. 4/17/2014 Impact on Hydrology Water supply and Salinity (Advantages and Disadvantages)? JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Storage & Use within a Basin Flow after Storage Natural Flow Storage Release JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC Storage & Diversion Flow after Diversion Natural Flow Diversion Drawdown Riverflow Riverflow Hydrograph 12. 4/17/2014 Impact on Environment and Ecology Environmental deterioration Threat to wildlife (specially for Bengal Tigers, Elephants, Wild Buffaloes) Submergence of agricultural and forest lands Bio-diversity will be on great risk Effect on the endangered species Salt water intrusion in coastal area 13. 4/17/2014 Issues of Upstream Country: Nepal Transboundary Issues 14. 4/17/2014 Issues of Upstream Country: Nepal Transboundary Issues 15. 4/17/2014 Issues of Downstream Country: Bangladesh Transboundary Issues 16. 4/17/2014 Issues of Downstream Country: Bangladesh Transboundary Issues 17. 4/17/2014 Issues of Downstream Country: Bangladesh Transboundary Issues 18. 4/17/2014 Conclusion Water is essential to all for the sustainable life and socio- economic development Change in river basin hydrology and ecology will create problem of social-economic and ecological stress Proper distribution of water in space and time is required Issues of different state and country must be addressed Social and religious value of the river should be maintained Advantages and disadvantages require proper evaluation Thus it is of primary importance that studies at various spatial scales are conducted to better understand the impacts of future water diversions in India and other regions of the world. 19. Forest, P.; 2012. Transferring bulk water between Canada and the United States: More than a century of transboundary inter-local water supplies. Geoforum. 43(1): 14-24. Gohari, A.; Eslamian, S.; Mirchi, A.; Abedi-Koupaei, J.; Bavani, A.M.; Madani, K.; 2013. Water transfer as a solution to water shortage: A fix that can Backfire. Journal of Hydrology. 491: 23- 39. Gupta, J.; van der Zaag, P.; 2008. Interbasin water transfer and integrated water resources management: Where engineering, science and politics interlock. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 33(1-2): 28-40. Misra, A.K.; Saxena, A.; Yaduvanshi, M.; Mishra, A.; Bhadauriya, Y.; Thakur, A.; 2007. Proposed river-linking project of India: a boon or bane to nature. Environmental Geology. 51(8): 1361-1376. Verma, S.; Kampman, S.V.; van der Zaag, P.; Hoekstra, A.Y.; 2009. Going against the flow: A critical analysis of inter-state virtual water trade in the context of Indias National River Linking Program. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 34(4-5): 261-269. References 20. 4/17/2014 Prof. Bill MacGill Prof. Neil Hanlon Prof. Stephen Dry All the Colleague THANK YOU !!! 21. 4/17/2014 How river-linking/water-transfer will impact bio- diversity, ecology, environment and eco-tourism? What are humans water rights and justices? Who is responsible to maintain better environment? What are the consequences of going against the flow and nature? What should be a transboundary water use policy? Questions for Discussion ?