Environmental clearance of airports

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Environmental Clearance of Airports

Environmental Clearance of AirportsPresented By:-Abhishek Kumar SinhaM. Arch, Green Building EvaluatorProject Architect- Turner Construction CompanyBackground -Why do we need EC ?

Presently, we are generating one trillion units of power for abillion population with certain economic strengths. And also we areusing nearly 800 billion cubic meters (BCM) water both ground andsurface. Our aim should be to conserve at least 10 to 15% of energyi.e. 100 billion units and 10% of water namely 80 BCM which willhave a large impact on our economy. A good part of the nationsenergy is consumed by the construction industry and the household.By saving energy through Green buildings, we will make the airmuch purer to breathe. Green is safer, economically attractive andabove all healthy. I would suggest that this should be the basis to deliberate and prepare a decadal plan for the nation forimplementation.(Excerpts from the speech on 15.9.05 at the Green Building Congress in New Delhi by Dr A P J Abdul Kalaam, Former President of India)

Energy Consumption

One Small Airport=

One Large Airport=One Thousand House One Medium size City Water Consumption

One Small Airport Five Hundred House =

One Large Airport One Small City ( 1 lac population) =

1979EIA for river valley projects were carried out later extending to industrial projectsEnactment of Environment (Protection) Act1986Notification on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of developmental projects1994Application Form and Questionnaire for Environmental Clearance was published1999Revised Notification on EC process and identification of 36 specific sector2006

Statuary Regulations

Environmental Impact Notification S.O.1533 (E), dt.14th September 2006,as amended 2009, issued under Environment (Protection) Act 1986, has made it mandatory to obtain environmental clearance for scheduled development projects.

The notification has classified projects under two categories 'A' & 'B'.

Category A- projects (including expansion and modernization of existing projects) require clearance from Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF), Govt. of India (GoI)

Category B- from State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), constitutedby Government of India.

All airport projects are categorized under Category A in the Schedule, including expansion and modernization of existing projects or activities, shall require prior environmental clearance from the MoEF on the recommendations of an EAC to be constituted by the Central Government for the purposes of this notification

Stages of EC process

The environmental clearance process for new projects will comprise of a maximum of three stages.

Stage 1-Scoping

Stage 2 - Public consultation

Stage 3 Appraisal

Project concept and Site identificationForm 1 with proposed TOR to EAC/MoEF (Pre feasibility project report)Scoping by EAC(site visit by subgroup of EAC if necessaryTOR approved by EACEC rejected by MoEF on the recommendation of EACDraft EIA report to SPCB by project proponentPublic consultation process by SPCB Proceedings of Public consultationSummary EIA and Form I- display on the website by SPCBDisplay at Panchayat, ZP, DM/DC & on the website of SPCBTo proponent for submission of Final EIA report/supplementary report to draft EIAAppraisal and recommendation by EACApproval by MoEFReferred back to EAC under communication to the project proponentRejectedApprovedPost EC monitoringSubmission of Half yearly compliance report to MoEFDisplay of compliance report on MoEF Website.websiteStages of EC process

Stage 1-Scoping Scoping' refers to the process by which the EAC in the case of Category 'A' projects or activities, including applications for expansion and/or modernization, determine detailed and comprehensive TOR addressing all relevant environmental concerns for the preparation of an EIA report in respect of the project or activity for which prior environmental clearance is sought. The EAC concerned should determine the ToR on the basis of information furnished in the prescribed application Form 1 including ToR proposed by the applicant, a site visit by a sub-group of EAC concerned only if considered necessary by the EAC concerned and other information that may be available with the EAC concerned.

Form 1

Stages of EC processStage 1-Scoping

Form 1Stages of EC processStage 1-ScopingEIA is a planning tool that is now generally accepted as an integral component of sound decision-making. The objective of EIA is to foresee and address potential environmental problems/concerns at an early stage of project planning and design.EIA/EMP should assist planners and government authorities in the decision making process by identifying the key impacts/issues and formulating mitigation measures. Ministry had issued sectoral guidelines some time ago. A compendium of the procedures and questionnaires entitled Application Form and Questionnaire for Environmental Clearance was published in September, 1999 in association with the Confederation of Indian Industry

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-ScopingTOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping Introduction Project Description Analysis of Alternatives( Technology and site) Description of the Environment Anticipated Environmental Impact & Mitigation Measures Environmental Monitoring Programme Additional Studies Project Benefits Environmental Cost Benefit Analysis Environmental Management Plan Summary & Conclusion Disclosure of Consultants EngagedTOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping IntroductionGeneral

Purpose of the project, goals and objectives of the proposed project

Overall suitability of the site and the proposed activity in light of the existing environmental acts and serious deviations, if any.

Significance of the project both at local and national level including background information and overall scenario of the proposed activity in the Indian context

Relevance of the project in light of the existing development plans of the region, project coverage, master plan, phasing and scope,

Estimated cost of development of the project, environmental protection works both during construction and operations phase of the project, etc.

Estimated water budget for the proposed project.TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping2. Description of the project

Description of the project should be brief but elaborate enough to assess the impact of the project location on the environment. Therefore these brief details should include:

The location of the project with longitude, latitude, revenue village, tehsil, district and state Number of phases for development of Airport based on traffic demand, Capacity to handle new generation large aircraft, Sponsors' details, Envisaged project cost, Basis of project; BOO or BOT etc., Project execution (Private or Joint Venture) (with details under Company Act 1956), Existing traffic; Domestic, International and Potential, Airport paved facilities; whether catering for futuristic operation / or existing operation. Villages, settlements, need for rehabilitation and resettlement (R&R) of communities/villages along with present status of such activities Land acquisition requirement- (present and future) and status,TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-ScopingDescription of the project

Description of Activities and Ancillary Operations

Housing

Use of Public Infrastructure

Man Power Requirement

Project Implementation Schedule

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping There is no such guidelines, it should be explored innovatively based on project situations, the idea could be indigenous.

3. Analysis Of Alternatives (Technology & Site)TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping 4.Description of the EnvironmentStudy Area

Land Environment

Water Environment

Air Environment

Noise Environment

Biological Environment

Socio- Economic Environment

Solid Waste

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping 5. Anticipated Environmental Impacts & Mitigation MeasuresAvoid adverse environmental impact

Minimize and control adverse environmental impact

Mitigate adverse environmental impact

Prediction of Impact During Construction Phases

Prediction of Impact During Operational Phase

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping 6. Environmental Monitoring ProgrammeAvoid adverse environmental impact

Minimize and control adverse environmental impact

Mitigate adverse environmental impact

Prediction of Impact During Construction Phases

Prediction of Impact During Operational Phase

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping 7. Additional studies.Items Identified by the Proponent

Items Identified by the Regulatory Authority

Items Identified by the Public and Other Stakeholders

Surface Access to Airport

Risk Assessment

Disaster Management Plan

Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) Plan

TOR/EIA ReportStages of EC processStage 1-Scoping 8. Project benefitsImprovements in the physical infrastructure by way of addition of project infrastructure,ancillary industries that may come up on account of the project Improvements in the other infrastructure like roads, railways, townships, housing, water supply, electrical power, drainage, educational institutions, hospita

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