- 1. The Role of the Medieval Catholic Church
2. What was the Catholic Churchs role in daily life? Describe the church hierarchy Why was the church powerful in Medieval Europe? Why did conflict arise between the Catholic Church and the monarchies? 3. Why the Roman Catholic Church? The Great Schism Central part of the Church was (and is) located in Rome, Italy As the Byzantine Empire grew stronger the emperor of the Byzantines often disagreed with the pope. Issues: Who had the most religious power? Pope or Emperor? In 730 Byzantine Emperor Leo III was excommunicated from the church for banning icons By 1054 The Byzantine Empire created its own church: The Eastern Orthodox 4. Roman Catholic Services are conducted in Latin or local languages The pop has authority over all other bishops The pope claims authority over all kings and emperors Priests may not marry Eastern Orthodox Services are conducted in Greek or other local languages The patriarch and other bishops head the church as a group The emperor claims authority over all religious matters Priests may be married Similarities: They base their faith on the gospel of Jesus and the Bible They use sacraments such as baptism Their religious leaders are bishops and priests They seek to convert people 5. Why the Roman Catholic Church? During the 11th-15th European monarchies were increasing in power The Church and monarchies were trying to centralize political and religious power Most powerful institution in Europe Took the place of powerful governments that once existed (Rome) Most people in Europe practiced Christianity Superstitions and tradition (God will punish you) 6. The Churchs Role in Society Services provide people with sacraments (baptism, etc.) religious ceremonies in which a member of the church received the grace of God Monasteries places where religious followers called monks and nuns practiced a life of prayer and worship. They also studied Christian works and copied the Bible Political Roles strong ties to Europes nobility local princes were often bishops Many church officials helped run monarchs kingdoms 7. The Churchs Role in Society Education Religious Orders A group of people who live by rules specific to their order separate themselves from society to focus on prayer Made up of Monks, Nuns, and Friars Ex. Franciscan Friars mendicant (traveled to preach the word of God, owned nothing, and primarily lived by begging) Universities Cathedrals became the center of education and power for bishops As cities grew cathedrals expanded into universities Taught Greek and Roman philosophy 8. Important Figures Francis of Assisi Founder of the Franciscan religious order in the 1200s Asked followers to live in poverty and serve as teachers, healers, and friends to all living things Saint Thomas Aquinas Scholar began studying the texts of Aristotle Argued that classical philosophy could exist in harmony with Christian faith 9. Conflict Arises As monarchies grew stronger they choose to cooperate with the Church.however In the 11th century the relationship was tested Pope Gregory VII and Emperor Henry Holy Roman Empire Lay Investiture Tension continues for centries 10. Answer the Essential Questions.. What was the Catholic Churchs role in daily life? Describe the church hierarchy Why was the church powerful in Medieval Europe? Why did conflict arise between the Catholic Church and the monarchies?