The medieval catholic church

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    08-Jan-2017

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  • 12/7/15 Bell RingerWhat predictions can you make about the people who built this medieval cathedral?What was this building used for?

    3. Challenge Question:What is a friar?

  • 12/7/15 Bell RingerYou are a stone carver, apprenticed to a master builder. The bishop has hired your master to design a huge new church. He wants the church to inspire and impress worshippers with the glory of God. Your master has entrusted you with the decoration of the outside of the church. You are excited by the challenge!What kind of art will you create for the church?

    **study for your vocab. quiz!!**

  • I can explain the importance of the Medieval Catholic church and the spread of Christianity during the Middle Ages.

    SPI 7.39 Explain the importance of the Catholic church as a political, intellectual, and aesthetic institution, including founding of universities, political and spiritual roles of the clergy, creation of monastic and mendicant religious orders, preservation of the Latin language and religious texts, Thomas Aquinass synthesis of classical philosophy with Christian theology and the concept of natural law.

  • The Spread of ChristianityWhy will Christianity begin to spread during the Middle Ages?

  • The Church in the Middle AgesReligion was a huge part of everyday life

    People were Christian/Roman Catholic

    People were loyal to the

    Pope - the head of the Roman Catholic Church and spiritual authority over all

    Freedom of religion was NOT a huge concept

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  • Church organizationPope in Rome

    Archbishops (regions)

    Bishops (major cities)

    Priests (manors and villages)

    Monks and nuns (monasteries)Religious community

    I may run four of these on a page so students can glue a page in their WHN.*

  • The Catholic Church taught that all people were sinners and dependent on Gods grace to go to Heaven.The only way to get this was by taking part in the sacraments (church rituals) that were controlled by the Church

  • The Sacraments are:The seven sacraments are ceremonies that point to what is sacred, significant and important for Christians.BaptismConfirmationPenanceHoly ordersThe Lords Supper (Communion)MatrimonyAnointing the Sick

  • Communion (Lords supper) commemorated Jesuss death and sacrifice of dying on the cross to save people from their sin

    Communion is taken at the Catholic ritual weekly service known as Mass

  • The Mass was said in Latin, a language few people understoodFew could read or write and very few actually read the BibleFor common people, the services were very hard to understand

    Catholic Mass

  • Monasteries are like churches where monks live.A monk lives a life of service to GodA monks life includes work, meditation, and prayer

    Monasteries

  • Monks dressed in simple robes of coarse material. Most monasteries required vows of prayer and silence. Women could do the same in convents, but focused on spinning, weaving, and medicinal herbs.

    Monks

  • Although monks and nuns lived apart from society, they were important in society. They taught reading and writing, preserved and copied religious texts, and ran hospitals for the needy.In 597, the Pope Gregory I sent monks to England to convert the Anglo-Saxons (Germanic tribes that inhabited England in the 5th century)

    Monks & Nuns

  • By the mid-1000s, most of Western Europe was Catholic. The Church had its own courts and laws. They could keep people out of heaven by preventing them from receiving the sacraments.The Church received donations of land from kings who wanted to ensure salvation. The church owned 1/3 of all land in Europe.

    Rise of the Catholic Church

  • ExcommunicationGive lands to the faithfulAllow faithful people to be appointed to Church officesCash money ($$$)

    Church Power over People

  • By 900 AD, many Christians were calling for Church reform. This began in Monasteries. One of the most important changes occurred in 1059. The Church said that political leaders could no longer participate in the election of the Pope.Cardinals would now elect the Pope, rather than secular (non-church) authorities.

    Church Reform

  • In 1215, Pope Innocent III tried to reform the Church.He convened a council that condemned drunkenness, feasting, and dancing among Church officials.To seek out and punish heretics, the Church set up a court in 1232 known as the Inquisition.

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  • Friars were wandering preachers that encouraged further reform in the 1200s. They followed monastic rules but lived among common people to preach.

    Friars & Reform

  • 10 minutesEnd

  • Medieval Catholic Church Quiz

    1) Who is the leader of the Catholic Church?A. King of FranceB. King of EnglandC. Holy Roman EmperorD. Pope2) True or False: During the Middle Ages the Catholic Church was rich and powerful.A. TRUEB. FALSE3) How did the church become so wealthy?A. Through tithes from the peopleB. Paying of penancesC. Paying of sacramentsD. All of the above4) Cathedrals were usually designed in what shape?A. StarB. CrossC. DiamondD. Circle5) A cathedral was the headquarters of this church leader?A. PriestB. AbbotC. BishopD. MonkE. Nun

  • Medieval Catholic Church Quiz

    6) True or False: Cathedrals during the Middle Ages were built rapidly and with little regard to quality.A. TRUEB. FALSE7) What did Gothic architecture allow for in cathedrals?A. Thinner wallsB. Taller wallsC. Tall windows on the wallsD. All of the aboveE. None of the above8) Who was usually the first person to be converted to Christianity in a country?A. A farmerB. The bishopC. A knightD. The queenE. The king9) What is the main body of a cathedral called?A. NaveB. TranseptC. AltarD. ApexE. Narthex10) True or False: The Jews played an important role in the economy of Europe during the Middle Ages.A. TRUEB. FALSE

  • What is Catholic Mass?What is the name of the building monks live in?List 1 example of power that the Catholic Church had.Name 1 of the Catholic reform movements.

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    I may run four of these on a page so students can glue a page in their WHN.*

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