1. The Diary of Anne Frank Background Information November 1918 to 1945
2. November 1918
Allies :Britain, Italy, France, and the United States defeated Germany, ending World War I
3. Treaty of Versailles
The Interior of the Palace des Glaces during the signing of Peace Terms
Germany accepted the Treaty of Versailles
Germanys postwar government, the democraticWeimar Republic,faced the anger of many Germans who were struggling financially and hated to see Germany weakened.
4. National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party)
First rally in Munich
Promoted extreme Nationalism
Promised to make Germany a socialist state
Restore German power
Help citizens financially
Appealed to German population
Stock Market crashed on Wall Street
6. January 30, 1933
Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany (the head of thegovernment in Germany) by Paul Van Hindenburg
He ended the Republic
Set up a totalitarian regime ( a form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks to subordinate all aspects of the individual's life to the authority of the government )
7. February 1933
Freedom of speech and assembly is suspended by the Nazi government.
The Reichstag building went up in flames.
The Burning of the Books in Nazi Germany, 1933
Museum of tolerance
Nazi anti-Semitic legislation and propaganda against "Non-Aryans" was a thinly disguised attack against anyone who had Jewish parents or grandparents. Jews felt increasingly isolated from the rest of German society .
8. March-April 1933
The Gestapo, or Secret Police, was established by the Nazi government.
The Nazis declared a boycott of Jewish businesses and medical and legal practices.
Law were passed to exclude Non-Aryans.
Removed Jews from government and teaching positions
9. Summer of 1933
The Franks decided to move to the Netherlands because of increasing tensions in Germany
"In the Netherlands, after those experiences in Germany, it was as if our life was restored to us. Our children went to school and at least in the beginning our lives proceeded normally... In those days it was possible for us to start over and to feel free."
10. Fall 1935
The Nuremberg Laws were passed defining Jews as non-citizens
Aryan and Jewish marriages were illegal
11. Important events in 1938
Germany annexed Austria
Germany occupied Czechoslovakia
Adolf Hitler created the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (High Command of the Armed Forces), giving him direct control of the German military, and sacked political and military leaders considered unsympathetic to his philosophy or policies
12. September 1939
Hitler invaded Poland
World War II began
The statue of German religious reformer Martin Luther in front of the ruins of the Frauenkirche, or Church of our Lady, in Dresden, in a March 1967 picture and a similar view of the statue in front of the restored building in Feb. 2005.
Anne Frank received a diary for her 13 thbirthday
14. March 1936
Germans moved into the Rhineland
Germans violated theTreaty of Versailles
In 1934 the economy was still not balanced enough for Germany to work on its own. In 1935, Germany ran out of money completely, primarily due to the reparations it was still paying to the victor countries.
16. Anne Frank
June 12, 1942 , Anne received her diary on her 13 thbirthday
July 5, 1942,Margo received a call-up notice to report for deportation to a labor camp
July 6, 1942 , the Frank family moved to the Secret Annex
The Story of Anne Frank 1929-1945
17. The Franks go into hiding
Anne Franks Family
18. Nazi Party
Hitler and the Nazis based their program on extreme nationalism and racism.
Blamed Jews and other groups for Germanys problems
Believed non-Jewish Germans, called Aryans, could form a master race in a united Germany
19. 20. Dresden/Hamburg
The view below: In the war's closing weeks, Allied bombers launched an assault on Dresden, then crammed with refugees fleeing the Soviet army. The resulting firestorm devastated the city. No one has figured how many Germans perished in the attack, but estimates vary from 30,000 to 80,000. This is the view of Dresden from the viewpoint of theB-17 bombers during the attack.City of Dresden in renovation