Social constructivist approach.ppt

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Faculty of Education, University of Sindh, PRESENTATION TOPIC

Faculty of Education, University of Sindh,PRESENTATION TOPIC

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACHESSUBMITTED TO: SIR IFTEKHAR JAFRIPRESENTED BY: MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI M.PHILL (EDUCATION) ROLL#21SUBJECT:ED-802 PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE & ISSUES IN EDUCATION

5/4/20161PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

CONTENT LISTINTRODUCTION OF SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM:DEFINITION OF SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM:SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM IN BROADER CONTEXT:SITUATED COGNITION:TOOLS FOR SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM:TECHNIQUES FOR CO;OPERATIVE LEARNING:CONCLUSION:REFRENCES.

5/4/20162PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACHES,DOMAIN-SPECIFIC APPROACHES & TEACHINGINTRODUCTION:Social constructivist approach related to the EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACHES. In broader sense,To draw something in figurative sense. In the field of Educational psychology there are two main approaches,BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH , AND COGNITIVE APPROACH. Where the social constructive Approach belongs to cognitive approach of educational psychology .

5/4/20163PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

DEFINITION:Social constructivist approach emphasize the social contexts of learning and idea that knowledge is mutually built and constructed . Involvement with others creates opportunity for students to evaluate and refine their understanding as they are exposed to the thinking of others and as they participates creating shared understanding.(Gauvain & Parke ,2010) In this way, experiences in social contexts provide an important mechanism for the development of students thinking.(Johson & Johson ,2010)5/4/20164PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM IN THE BROADER CONSTRUCTIVIST CONTEXT: There are two theories related to constructivism in the field of educational psychology .a)VYGOTSKYS SOCIAL THEORY.b)PIAGETS COGNITIVE CONSTRUCTIVISM THEORY. Piagets and Vygotskys theories are constructivist . Piagets theory is a cognitive constructivist theory, where as Vygotskys is a social construcivist . The implication of Vygotskys model for teaching is to establish opportunities for students to learn through social interactions with others with the teacher and peers in constructing knowledge and understanding . In Piagets view , students construct knowledge by transforming , organizing and reorganizing previous knowledge and information . In both Piagets & Vygotskys models , teachers are facilitator not director .Distinctions between cognitive and social constructivist approaches are not always clear cut . All social constructivist approaches emphasize that social factors contribute to students construction of knowedge and understanding.

5/4/20165PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

SITUATED COGNITION:Situated cognition is an important assumption in the social constructivist approaches . It refers to the idea that thinking occurs (is situated) in social and physical contexts . In other words , knowledge is embedded in , and connected to the context in which the knowledge developed(langer , 2009). If this is so , it makes sense to create learning situations that are as close to real world circumstances as possible .5/4/20166PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

FOR EXAMPLE:Problem Based learning & Project Based learningThese two methods emphasis on situated cognition To expand students knowledge and understanding of volcanos , some students are placed in the role of scientists studying an active volcano , while other students are given the task of reporting what to expect to an emergency evacuation team .Using internet resources , the scientists students examine new stories about active volcanos; the evacuation team students search for information about the impact that volcanos have no inhabitants and how they can be removed from the danger of an erupting volcano. 5/4/20167PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

TOOLS FOR SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACHES:

Social constructivist approaches emphasize that teachers and peers can contribute to students learning . Four tools for making this happen are scaffolding , cognitive apprenticeship , tutoring and co-operative learning. 5/4/20168PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

5/4/20169PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

CO-OPERATIVE LEARNING APPROACHES:Following are some recent techniques.

5/4/201610PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

CONCLUSION:Social constructivist approach can be implemented in the class by various techniques which were discussed above by developing groups in the class.

5/4/201611PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI

REFERENCES:Santrock , J.w.(2001) EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY.Hardman , M. L., Drew , C. j ., & Egan , M. W. (2002).>>>>>>>5/4/201612PRESENTATION BY MISS MOMINA MUSSARAT ALI