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Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Development

Sigmund freud psychosexual

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Text of Sigmund freud psychosexual

  • 1. Sigmund Freud Psychosexual Development

2. Sigmund Freud

  • 1856- 1939
  • Psychoanalytic
  • Unconscious
  • Dream Analysis
  • Free Association

3. By the end of the lesson you should be able to

  • Describe Freuds personality theory
  • Describe Freuds stages of psychosexual development
  • Describe specific personality types as a result of fixation at a particular stage

4. Personality Theory

  • Id
  • Ego
  • Superego

5. Id

  • Instinctive aspect of the personality
  • Operates on the pleasure principle
  • Demands immediate satisfaction and doesnt care about reality
  • Freud describes babies as bundles of id

6. Ego

  • Logical aspect of the personality
  • It operates on the reality principle
  • It can make conscious and rational decisions that reflect the demands of instinct (id), morality (superego), and external reality (environment)

7. Superego

  • It is the moral aspect of the personality
  • It develops due to the moral and ethical
  • restraints placed on us by our parents/caregivers
  • It dictates our belief of right and wrong

8. Healthy Personality

  • Which aspect should be the strongest to ensure a healthy personality?
  • What would happen if the id is the strongest?
  • What will happen if the superego is the strongest?
  • What does the ego use to protect itself from anxiety, which is experienced as a result of the conflict?

9. Superego Stronger

  • Judgmental
  • Saint
  • Moral
  • Guilty
  • Rigid

10. Id Stronger

  • Selfish
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Uncaring
  • Self-absorbed

11. Psychosexual development

  • Our personality develops throughout our childhood
  • Stage theory
  • Each stage is characterized by a focus on a different region of the body, where libido or sexual drive is fixated

12. Success Criteria

  • What age do we pass through each stage?
  • Where on the body is the libido focused
  • How is pleasure gained at each stage
  • Which personality structure is present or develops?
  • What may cause a fixation at the stage?

13. Psychosexual Development

  • Oral
  • Anal
  • Phallic
  • Latency
  • Genital

14. Oral Stage 0-1

  • Mouth
  • Lips
  • Tongue
  • Sucking
  • Biting
    • First erotogenic zone to make libidinous demands

15. Fixation

  • Overindulgence
    • Symptoms include selfishness, dependency, compulsive talking
  • Frustration
    • Symptoms include nail biting, sarcasm, thumb sucking, greed

16. Anal Stage 1-3 years

  • Membranes of rectum and anus
  • Fecal mass inside body
  • Release
  • Expulsion anally explosive
  • Control of feces anally retentive

17. Fixations

  • Anal Expulsive
    • Symptoms giving to everyone, gardeners (sublimating their wish to smear)
  • Anal Retentive
    • Miserly, thrifty, orderly, obstinate,

18. Phallic Stage 3-6 years

  • Genital Organs
  • Emotional Crisis
  • Oedipus Complex/Electra Complex
  • Critical Stage for moral development
  • Identification

19. Fixation

  • Caused by failure to resolve Oedipus/Electra conflict
  • Symptoms:Exhibitionism, recklessness, vanity, pride, incapable of close love

20. Oedipus Complex

  • Crucial stage
  • Consolidation of gender identity (identification)
  • Formation of superego
  • Mother/father fixation

21. Boys

  • Wants to be like dad
  • Fantasizes eliminating father
  • Castration anxiety
  • Identifies with father
  • Formation of gender roles, super-ego, and gender identity

22. Girls

  • Karen Horney womb envy
  • Penis envy
  • Sense of inferiority
  • Blames mother
  • Poor resolution of Oedipal complex
  • Poorly developed super-ego and a weaker moral sense compared with male

23. Latency Stage 6-Puberty

  • Phew!Sexual thoughts repressed- Sublimation
  • Child explores
  • Focus is on social and intellectual skills

24. Genital Stage Puberty - Adulthood

  • Sexual desires renewed
  • Individual seeks relationships with others

25. Personality Theory

  • Id = libido and psychosexual stages
  • Ego = defense mechanisms
  • Super-ego = Oedipus complex Identification and internalization
  • These + defense mechanisms + external reality = personality

26. Freud? What do you think?

  • Very controversial theories even after so many years