Plumbing Merit Badge

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Art Merit Badge

Plumbing Merit Badge

Plumbing Merit Badge RequirementsClassroom PortionRequirements 1,2,5

Hands-On Workshop PortionRequirements 3,4,6,7,8 Completed by the scout under the supervision of a knowledgeable adult.

Requirement 1aDescribe how a properly working plumbing system protects your familys health and safety. Plumbing systems carry water into and out of a home through a system of pipes. For the health and safety of the people who live there, the water entering the home through the water-supply system must be pure and clean. Wastewater and sewage being carried away from the home by the way of the drainage system may contain bacteria, viruses, and fungi that can cause serious disease and set off allergies. Wastewater should never come into contact with the water that the family uses for drinking, bathing, or washing clothes and dishes. This is the main reason that it is essential that your familys plumbing be properly installed and regularly checked to make sure it is in good working order.

Requirement 1bList five important local health regulations related to plumbing and tell how they protect health and safety. Georgia Plumbing Codes:Section 304.2 Rodent-proofing- all plates on drains not greater than .05 inch in dimension.Section 305.2 Protection of Pipes pipes passing through walls shall be protected from breakage.Section 306.1 Trenching, Excavation, Backfill buried piping shall be supported throughout its entire length.Section 307 Structural Safety-trenches installed parallel to footings shall not extend below the 45 degree angle barring plane or the footing or wall. Section 308 Piping Support hangers, anchors and supports shall support the piping and the contents of the piping.

Requirement 1c Describe the safety precautions you must take when making home plumbing repairs. Protect the area where you are working before you start, because you probably will spill some water.Protect chrome finishes with a cloth pad while you work.Wear protective gloves and goggles to avoid injury to the skin and eyes when using chemical drain cleaners to unclog a drain.Keep power tools away from areas where water has leaked to avoid shock hazards. Try to contain spilled water with towels or a wet-dry vacuum cleaner.

Requirement 1c Properly maintain your hot-water heater. A hot-water heater that is not functioning properly can cause serious injury or even death. Modern water heaters are controlled by a thermostat and must have properly working pressure-and temperature-relief valves that prevent over-heating, fires, and explosions. It is dangerous to plug a hot-water heaters relief valve. If the valve leaks or needs to be replaced, call a plumber. If a clogged toilet contains raw sewage, or if the sewage has overflowed onto the floor, wear protective gloves and goggles during cleanup to avoid contaminating yourself or others. Make sure to sanitize the area afterward with bleach or disinfectant. Keep flammable materials away from the hot-water heater. Never store flammable materials in the same area. Repair all leaks immediately. Otherwise mold or other growths may contaminate the entire household.

Requirement 2aMake a drawing and explain how a home hot-and cold-water supply system works.

Requirement 2aTell how you would make it safe from freezing.

Requirement 2aTell how you would make it safe from freezing.

Requirement 2bMake a drawing and explain the drainage system of plumbing in a house.

Requirement 2bShow and explain the use of drains and vents.

Requirement 2bThe Drainage SystemUses gravity to carry waste and water away from your home. Drainpipes run vertically or slope downward. They are larger in diameter than supply pipes and have gentle bends so that waste can move freely. The drainage system includes cleanout traps. VentsPlumbing systems must have air vents to allow the free passage of waste from fixtures. The air vents are an important part of waste disposal, which is why the drainage system is often called the drain-waste-vent(DMV) system. The drain and vent pipes are tied together, or share pipes. Vent pipes allow fresh air to pass freely throughout the plumbing system and to prevent loss of water from traps due to suction caused by a volume of water that has just passed through or near the trap. Vents also allow sewer gas to pass out safely above the level of open windows and people. Sewer gas is poisonous. It also can cause explosions.

Requirement 3Show how to use five important plumbers tools. Examples: Plumbers Augers: flexible ribbon or coil of spring steel that can be used to clean out plugged drains Pliers: remove O-rings & clips of faucetsBasin Wrenches: used to tighten hard-to-reach nuts behind sinks.Plunger: clear drain stoppagesPipe Wrenches: grip pipes

Requirement 4Identify and describe the use of each of the following:

Washer - is a thin plate with a hole in the middle that is used to distribute the load of a screw or nutRetaining nut -round or stop sign shaped, PVC or metal part that has a threaded hole in the middle to screw down and hold the faucet in place so that it does not move Plunger-a device consisting of a rubber cup on a long handle, used to clear blocked pipes by means of water pressure.Solder-is a process in which two or more items (usually metal) are joined together by melting and putting a filler metal (solder) into the joint.

Requirement 4Identify and describe the use of each of the following:

Flux -is a compound commonly used in plumbing applications where two joints are connected using solder. This is a process known as "sweating" pipes together.Elbow are used to change the direction a supply pipe is going. An el, as it is also called, usually will have a 45 or 90 degree angle. Tee look like the letter T. They are used to join two pipes that intersect at a right angle. If the pipes that intersect are not the same diameter, you can use a reducing tee.Nipple are short pieces of pipe with threads on both ends. They are used to join fittings. Coupling connect pipes in a straight line, or run. Reducing couplings are used between pipes of different diameters.

Requirement 4Identify and describe the use of each of the following:

Plug-are used for leaking pipes and while the pipe needs to be repairedUnion - are needed because all pipes have right-handed threads, and at some point you will need to disconnect the line without having to cut it.Trap -is a curved pipe that is located underneath a plumbing fixture. The first is that a trap prevents the entry of odors into a building. Secondly, a trap also catches items that may cause major clogs or blockages if allowed to travel further into the plumbing system.Drainpipe- a pipe for carrying off rainwater or liquid refuse from a building.Water meter -a device that records the amount of water that passes through a pipe, usually for billing purpose

Requirement 5Name the kinds of pipe that are used most often in a plumbing system. Explain why these pipes are used. Copper does not rust, expensive, longer life expectancyPlastic - cheaper, easy to install, but does not last as long

Requirement 6-8 Do the Following: UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF A KNOWLEDGABLE ADULT: (refer to the BSA Plumbing Merit Badge Series Pamphlet) 6. Cut, thread & connect two pieces of steel pipe.

7. Solder 3 copper tube connections using a gas torch. Include 1 tee, 2 straight pieces & 1 coupling.

8. Replace a washer in a faucet. Clean out a sink or lavatory trap.

Requirements ReviewRecommended Classroom Portion:__1. Health and Safety__2. Drawings on water supply & drainage __5. Name kinds of pipe for plumbingRecommended Workshop Portion:__3. Five plumbers tools (show how to use)__4. Identify & describe parts__6. Steel pipe work__7. Solder__8. Replace/Clean

ResourcesPlumbing Merit Badge Series Boy Scouts of America 2009

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