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025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License (http://www.creativecommons.org ) Presented by Matthew “Buzzy” Nielsen Assistant Library Director, North Bend Public Library

Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification

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This basic overview of the Dewey Decimal System is used to train Library staff and volunteers. It details why libraries use Dewey and similar systems and explains how the system is organized.

Text of Libraries and Dewey Decimal Classification

  • 1. 025.431: Libraries & DeweyDecimal Classification Presented by Matthew Buzzy Nielsen This work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Assistant Library Director, North Bend Public Library States License (http://www.creativecommons.org)

2. Youve got some booksImage source:"Pile of Books in the Prague Library," callumscott2 on Flickr 3. But lets not be biblio-centric Image sources:"All of my DVDs," nickstone333 on Flickr " A few CDs," Spushnik on Flickr 4. YOUR TASK: How do you organize these materials so people can find them? 5. Color? Image source: bookshelf," chotda on Flickr 6. Size?Image source: Library of Congress 7. Publication date? 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 19981999 8. Title? 9. Author? Fiction Nonfiction 10. Subject 11. How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr) Author(Presentation zen)Title 12. How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr)Author (Presentation zen)Title (Practical sciences) General (Business) Specific(Presentations) Really specific 13. A tale of two classifications Dewey DecimalLibrary of Congress classification (DDC)classification (LC) 14. Okay, four Dewey Decimal Library of Congress classification (DDC) classification (LC) Book Industry StandardsOpen Shelves & Communication (BISAC) Classification (OSC) 15. The esteemed Mr. Dewey Invented the Dewey DecimalSystem when he was 21 Helped found the AmericanLibrary Association Created the first library schoolat Columbia College 16. How Dewey WorksKnowledge is divided into 10subjects 17. How Dewey Works General History &Philosophy &GeographyPsychology LiteratureReligionKnowledge is divided into 10Social Arts subjects Sciences Applied Languages SciencesNaturalSciences 18. How Dewey Works000s900s100s800s200s Those subjectsare assigned 700s numbers300s 600s400s500s 19. How Dewey Works 020sLibraries 950s170sAfrican history Ethics 880s And more specific 260s Greek Lit Theology subjects are given750s 330s Painting more specific Economics 610s numbers 440sMedicineFrench languages590s Zoology 20. Why numbers?000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychologyclear order. 200 Religion 300 Social SciencesEasy to400 Language organize500 Natural Sciences 600 Technology 700 The Arts 800 Literature 900 Geography & History 21. Why numbers?000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychologyclear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect400 Language 500 Natural Sciencesif a subject is more 600 Technology general or specific. 700 The Arts 750 Painting more specific 759 History of paintingeven more specific 800 Literature 900 Geography & History 22. Why numbers?000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychologyclear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect400 Language 500 Natural Sciencesif a subject is more 590 Zoologygeneral or specific. 597 Fishes 598 Birds 3. Numbers reflect 599 Mammals 600 Technologygroupings700 The Artseffectively800 Literature 900 Geography & Historyanimal groups 23. From general to specific000 Generalities700 The Arts 100 Philosophy &710 Landscaping & area Psychologyplanning 200 Religion720 Architecture 300 Social Sciences 730 Sculpture 400 Language740 Drawing & decorative arts 500 Natural Sciences750 Painting 600 Technology760 Graphic arts 700 The Arts770 Photography 800 Literature780 Music 900 Geography & History 790 Sports, games & entertainment 24. To even more specific700 The Arts780 Music 710 Landscaping & area planning 781 General principles 720 Architecture782 Vocal music 730 Sculpture 783 Music for single voices 740 Drawing & decorative arts 784 Instruments & ensembles 750 Painting785 Ensembles with one 760 Graphic arts instrument per part 770 Photography 786 Keyboards & percussion 780 Music 787 Strings 790 Sports, games & 788 Wind instruments entertainment 25. GroupingsGroupings can be by 400 Languages 420 EnglishDewey area. 430 German 440 French 26. GroupingsGroupings can be by 400 Languages 420 EnglishDewey area. 430 German 440 FrenchGroupings can be by Biographytopic within several 921 General 979.5092 OregonDewey areas. 530.092 Physics Dictionaries 423 English 570.3 - Biological 610.3 Medical 27. Quick Dewey Test1. In what order should 979.5/OREthese books be 557.95/STEshelved? 2. Which books are in349.795/HITthe same Dewey 667.7/YOUsubject area? 551.302/ALT 3. Which books are in811/ANGdifferent areas buthave the same focus?811/LON551.31/BRO 28. Quick Dewey Answers1. In what order should 349.795/HITthese books be 551.302/ALTshelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BROthe same Dewey557.95/STEsubject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANGdifferent areas buthave the same focus? 811/LON979.5/ORE 29. Quick Dewey Answers1. In what order should 349.795/HITthese books be 551.302/ALTshelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BROthe same Dewey557.95/STEsubject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANGdifferent areas buthave the same focus? 811/LON979.5/ORE 30. Quick Dewey Answers1. In what order should 349.795/HITthese books be 551.302/ALTshelved? 2. Which books are in 551.31/BROthe same Dewey557.95/STEsubject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANGdifferent areas buthave the same focus? 811/LON979.5/ORE 31. Dewey Hierarchy ReviewDewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences 32. Dewey Hierarchy ReviewDewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. 781.7 Sacred Music 781.71 Christian Sacred Music 781.7161 Baptist Sacred Music 33. Dewey Hierarchy ReviewDewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. 781.7 Sacred Music 781.71 Christian Sacred Music 781.7161 Baptist Sacred MusicTopics are grouped using numbers. 160 Logic 349.795 Oregon Law 170 Ethics 557.95 Oregon Geology 180 Ancient Philosophy 979.5 Oregon History 34. Dewey Areas000s: General works 500s: Natural sciences 100s: Psychology &600s: Technology,philosophyapplied sciences 200s: Religion700s: Arts 300s: Social sciences 800s: Literature 400s: Language 900s: History, geography& biography 35. 000s: General works & info systems000: Generalities050: Magazines,(Info systems) journals, & serials 010: Bibliographies060: Organizations & museums 020: Library &070: Journalisminformation sciences080: Quotations 030: Encyclopedias, etc.090: Manuscripts & rare 040: Not used Books 36. 100s: Psychology & philosophy 100: Philosophy 150: Psychology 110: Metaphysics160: Logic 120: Epistemology 170: Ethics 130: Occultism, 180: Ancient, medieval,parapsychologyEastern philosophy 140: Philosophical190: Modern westernschools of thoughtphilosophy 37. 200s: Religion200: Religion250: Churches & 210: Philosophy & theoryReligious ordersof religion 260: Social theology 220: The Bible 270: History of 230: Christian theology Christianity 240: Christian Practice280: Christian denominations290: Other religions 38. 300s: Social sciences300: Social Sciences,350: Publicsociology &administrationanthropology360: Social problems & 310: Statistics services 320: Political science 370: Education 330: Economics 380: Commerce & 340: LawIndustry390: Customs & Folklore 39. 400s: Language400: Language 450: Italian & related 410: Linguistics languages 420: English & Old460: Portuguese &English Spanish languages 430: German & related 470: Latin languageslanguages480: Classical Greek 440: French & relatedlanguageslanguages490: Other languages 40. 500s: Natural sciences500: Natural sciences 550: Earth sciences & 510: Mathematics geology 560: Fossils & prehistoric 520: Astronomy life 530: Physics570: Life sciences, 540: Chemistry biology 580: Plants (botany) 590: Animals (zoology) 41. 600s: Technology & applied sciences 600: Technology650: Management 610: Medicine & health 660: Chemical 620: Engineeringengineering 630: Agriculture 670: Manufacturing 640: Home & family 680: Misc.economicsmanufacturing690: Building & construction 42. 700s: Arts & recreation 700: Arts 750: Painting 710: Landscaping760: Graphic arts 720: Architecture 770: Photography & 730: Sculpture, ceramics,computer art& metals 780: Music 740: Drawing &790: Sports, games, &decorative arts entertainment 43. 800s: Literature800: Literature, rhetoric, 850: Italian literature& criticism 860: Spanish literature 810: American literature 870: Latin literature 820: English literature880: Ancient Greek 830: German literatureliterature 840: French literature 890: Other literature 44. 900s: History, geography, & biography 900: History950: Asian history 910: Geography & travel 960: African history 920: Biography &970: North Americangenealogy history 930: Ancient history 980: South American 940: European historyhistory 990: History of otherareas 45. Quick Dewey Test In which Dewey subject areado these titles belong? Economics in plain English The plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare The story of thought Keep your car running practically forever The atlas of the solar system Teach yourself visually Windows XP 46. Quick Dewey TestIn which Dewey subject area do these titles belong? 330s 820s 190s 620s 520s 000s 47. Dewey isnt perfect!? Dewey Decimal Problems 1. Subjects can be found in multiple Dewey areas. 2. Dewey places fiction books in the 800s, dividedby country and date. 3. Dewey places biographies in the area of thesubjects profession. 48. Same subject . . . in three sections?Problem: The samesubject can be foundin multiple Deweysubject areasGardening 580 635 712.6 BotanyGardening Landscaping Solution: use thelibrary catalog orask a librarian 49. Fiction . . . by when it was written? Problem: Dewey813.3 Nathaniel Hawthorne 813.54 Danielle Steelshelves fiction by the 813.6 Alexander McCall Smithauthors nationality 823.8 Charles Dickensand time period. 820.92 J.K. Rowling 863.44 Isabel Allende 891.733 Fyodor Dostoevsky 50. Fiction books . . . by creation date? Problem: Dewey FIC/ALL Isabel AllendeFIC/DIC Charles Dickensshelves fiction by theFIC/DOS Fyodor Dostoevskyauthors nationalityFIC/HAW Nathaniel Hawthorneand time period.FIC/MCC Alexander McCall SmithFIC/ROW J.K. Rowling Solution: File all fiction FIC/STE Danielle Steelby Author, together inone section. 51. Biographies . . . by profession?180 SocratesProblem: Dewey 270.6 Martin Luthershelves bios by the 323 - Martin Luther King, Jr.subjects profession. 530 Albert Einstein 759.13 Andy Warhol 973.46 Thomas Jefferson 52. Biographies . . . by profession?921/EIN Albert Einstein Problem: Dewey 921/JEF Thomas Jefferson shelves bios by the 921/KIN - Martin Luther King, Jr.subjects profession. 921/LUT Martin Luther 921/SOC Socrates 921/WAR Andy Warhol Solution: Shelve allbios by subject then byauthor, together in onesection. Common areas: 92, 921, B 53. The result?Image source: "seattle library stacks," oceandesetoiles on Flickr 54. But youre still needed. 55. You help connect people with the information they need Image source:"IKBLC interior 8," UBC Library Graphics on Flickr 56. Hopefully, you can do it better now.Thank you. This presentation is available on SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/remnil/025431