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Dewey: Father of Modern Libraries A Dewey Decimal PowerPoint Presentation by Has Slone For MEDT 6463 (Dr. Snipes) 23 November, 2011

# Dewey: Father of Modern Libraries A Dewey Decimal PowerPoint Presentation by Has Slone For MEDT 6463 (Dr. Snipes) 23 November, 2011

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Dewey: Father of Modern Libraries

A Dewey Decimal PowerPoint Presentation

by Has Slone For MEDT 6463 (Dr. Snipes)

23 November, 2011

Presentation Overview

• This PowerPoint is designed to provide an overview of the Dewey Decimal Classification System to students in the 6th, 7th and 8th grades.

• Also included with the presentation are pre-and post-tests, plus links for further exploring.

Pre-Test: How much do you already know?

1) Who created the Dewey Decimal System?A) Robert E. LeeB) Melville DeweyC) Huey, Louie and DeweyD) John Henry

2) Where would you look for some World War II information?A) 133.5 B) 636C) 940.6 D) 001.9

3) Where would you find something about William Shakespeare?A) 940.5 B) 421.5B) 822.3 D) 616.9

4) The Dewey Decimal System is composed of how many main sections?

A) 100 C) 50B) 25 D) 10

5) Where do we find the DDC call numbers on a book?A) on the front coverB) with the prefaceC) on the spine of a bookD) on the back cover

6 ) What does the Dewey Decimal Classification number look like?A) ABC.DEFB) 123.456C) all of the aboveD) none of the above

The Dewey Decimal Classification System

What Is It?• 1) A system that classifies or categorizes nonfiction

books into ten main divisions.• 2) A book is assigned a Dewey number based on its

subject matter. • 3) The Dewey number and the first three letters of

the author's last name become the book's call number.

• 4) Nonfiction books are arranged numerically on the shelves according to DDC, ranging from 001 to 999.

Who was Melville Dewey?

1) The American librarian and reformer (1851-1931) established the Dewey Decimal System of classifying books.

2) Dewey changed librarianship from a vocation to a modern profession.

3) Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey, the youngest of five children, was born on December 10, 1851 in a small town in Northern New York State.

4) He attended Amherst College, where he worked in the library to help pay for his education. Dismayed at the way books were arranged. Melvil worked towards improving library classification systems. Combining his talent for math and his orderliness, he invented the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) System when he was twenty-one.

The Dewey Decimal System is divided into 10 main classes:

– And each of those classes is also divided into 10 divisions (for a total of 100 divisions)

– And each division is divided into 10 sections (for a total of 1000 sections).

– Flaws: bias towards Protestant/American aspects prevalent in both the history and religion disciplines.

• constantly undergoing revisions. • some classes like �Technology,� in the 600s

which the call numbers are very crowded, and others that are very sparse.

• not easily expandable .

Classifications 000’s Generalities100’s Philosophy and Psychology200’s Religion300’s Social Sciences400’s Language500’s Natural Sciences and Mathematics600’s Technology, Applied Science 700’s The Arts800’s Literature900’s History, geography and Biographies

He chose the classifications by asking himself questions.

How did Dewey decide which subjects to include?

http://www.clipartguide.com/_search_terms/questions.html

The First thing he asked himself was:

How should we organize information?000-099  General works

http://www.fotosearch.com/illustration/librarian.html

000-099      General Works

Computer Science, Information and General Works. This is where you will find Dictionaries, Encyclopedias and Bibliographies.

ELA6/7/8LSV2 The student listens to and views various forms of text and media in order to gather and share information…..

025.04 ROT

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

How did we get here? Who made me and why?

200-299 Religion and Myths

http://www.clipartguide.com/_search_terms/questions.html

200-299      Religion and Myths

“How did we get here?”

291 BRE

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

http://www.clipartguide.com/_search_terms/questions.html

Who are those people ? Why are they different? 300-399   Social Sciences

Who and Why?

300-399     Social Sciences Who are those people? Why are they different?

This section includes issues that affect our society like politics and laws and government, Economics, Law, Public administration, Social services (welfare and social issues), Education and Commerce.

For a review of the text shown at right:http://www.powells.com/biblio/1-0618504362-0

361.92 FRA

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

http://www.clipartguide.com/_search_terms/questions.html

How can I communicate with others?

400-499 Language

400-499Language (Dictionaries, Grammar)

How can I communicate with others?ELA6RC3 The student acquires new vocabulary in each content area and uses it correctly. The student a. Demonstrates an understanding of contextual vocabulary in various subjects. c. Explores understanding of new words found in subject area texts. Below is a website to read about this book. http://www.eslteachersboard.com/cgi-bin/books/index.pl?read=1

428.2 JOH

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

How can I understand the world around me?

500-599 Science

http://www.acclaimimages.com/photos-images/question.html

500-599 Science (Math, Chemistry, Plants, Animals, Astronomy)

How can I understand the world around me?

S6E2. Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun.

S6E5. Students will investigate the scientific view of how the earth’s surface is formed.

A website for the Review of this book is below. http://www.galateaodyssey.org/files/EarthFromSpace.Guide.pdf

525 GRE

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

600-699Applied Science and Technology

How can I use science and math?

This classification covers the technology fields and includes medicine, engineering, agriculture, home economics, general management, manufacturing and buildings and construction. The books in the 600s are books that are more technical in nature..

612.8 SIM

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

700-799      Fine Arts (Painting, Music, Photography, Dance, Sports)

What can I do with my free time?

The 700 section includes books on the arts , architecture, sports and hobbies.

Below is a website to see reviews of this book.

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/good-walk-spoiled-john-feinstein/1001861363#EditorialReviews

796.3 FEI

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

800-899LiteraturePoetry, Plays, CriticismWhat are the stories of our lives?

ELA6/7/8R1 The student demonstrates comprehension and shows evidence of a warranted and responsible explanation of a variety of literary and informational texts. h. Responds to and explains the effects of sound, figurative language, and graphics in order to uncover meaning in literature: i. Sound (e.g., alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme) ii. Figurative language (i.e., simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification)

823.01 COR

Photo source: Has Slone from Langford library..November 2011…digital photo

900-999      History, Geography, Biography

This last section includes geography of the United States and the World (like maps and travel books).

What was the world like in the past? Where can I go in the world?

ELA8RC1 The student reads a minimum of 25 grade-level appropriate books or book equivalents (approximately 1,000,000 words) per year from a variety of subject disciplines. The student reads both informational and fictional texts in a variety of genres and modes of discourse, including technical texts related to various subject areas.

A book review is provided at the website below.

http://www.bookrags.com/studyguide-undauntedcourage/?gclid=CP-SreSymawCFcG77Qodc1yILg

920 AMB

Exceptions-A -- Bibliographies -- Shelved before 016 B -- Biographies -- Shelved before 920 or by themselvesC -- College Catalogs -- Shelved before 380

-

B for Biography

1st 3 letters of person who the Biography is written about

BEIN

BEIN

Albert Einstein

Einstein: The man and his times

Where is the number and What does it mean???

• Where: The number is found on the spine of the book near the bottom-

• What: Each number relates to a specific topic. For example, 200.3 STE would be a dictionary (.3) about religion (200) Written by someone whose last name begins with STE

• Dictionary of Christian Faith 200 Religion

.3 – Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

1st 3 initials of Author’s name

Christian Faith 200.3 STE

Post-Test: How much did you learn?

1) Who created the Dewey Decimal System?A) Robert E. LeeB) Melville DeweyC) Huey, Louie and DeweyD) John Henry

2) Where would you look for some World War II information?A) 133.5 B) 636C) 940.6 D) 001.9

3) Where would you find something about William Shakespeare?A) 940.5 B) 421.5B) 822.3 D) 616.9

4) The Dewey Decimal System is composed of how many main sections?

A) 100 C) 50B) 25 D) 10

5) Where do we find the DDC call numbers on a book?A) on the front coverB) with the prefaceC) on the spine of a bookD) on the back cover

6 ) What does the Dewey Decimal Classification number look like?A) ABC.DEFB) 123.456C) all of the aboveD) none of the above

Practical Application: Match these up?

000’s Generalities100’s Philosophy & Psychology200’s Religion & Mythology

300’s Social Sciences400’s Languages and Grammar500’s Natural Sciences & Mathematics600’s Technology700’s The Arts & Recreation800’s Literature900’s History, Geography & Biographies

Image from http://www.brooklynexpedition.org/structures/infomania/dewey/dewey_quest_def.html

at– http://library.thinkquest.org/5002/– Dewey games to practice at– http://www.rce.k12tn.net/lmc/dds%20games.ht

ml– A great multimedia presentation that breaks

down the information in question and answer format at

– http://www.oclc.org/dewey/resources/tour/ddc6.html

ey– Dewey Decimal System RAP– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NHiUQb5xg7

A&feature=channel_video_title

BibliographyAmbrose, S. (1997). Undaunted Courage. New York: Simon and Schuster.Breuilly, E. (2006). Religions of the World: Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions and Festivals. Australia: HarperCollins Publishers.Caufield, J. (1997). Chicken Soup for the Teenage Soul. Deerfield Beach,

FL. : Health Communications INC.Corrin, S. (2003). The Faber Book of Modern Fairy Tales. London: Faber and Faber.Feinstein, J. (1996). A Good Walk Spoiled: Days and Nights on the PGA Tour. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.Fraden, J. (2006). Jane Addams: Champion of Democracy. New York: Clarion Books.GPS by Grade Level. (2008). Retrieved from GADOE/Georgia Standards:

• How the Dewey Decimal Classification System Works: retrieved athttp://www.slais.ubc.ca/courses/libr517/02-03-2/projects/dewey/table_of_contents.htm

• James Walker Library, Middle Tennessee State University. (2011). Let's Do Dewey. Retrieved from MTSU.edu:

http://frank.mtsu.edu/~vvesper/dewey2.htm• Johnson, E. (1991). The Handbook of Good English. New York:

Washington Square Press.• Learning Stewards. (2011). Background Research Notes: Code