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025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License (http://www.creativecommons.org ) Presented by Matthew “Buzzy” Nielsen Assistant Library Director, North Bend Public Library

025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification

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A staff/volunteer development class I delivered in 2005 at the Langlois & Port Orford Public Libraries in Oregon. Recently updated for a new session of the class. Feel free to adapt for use in your own trainings!

Text of 025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification

  • 1. 025.431: Libraries & Dewey Decimal Classification Presented by Matthew Buzzy Nielsen This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Assistant Library Director, North Bend Public Library States License (http://www.creativecommons.org)
  • 2. Youve got some books Image source: quot;Pile of Books in the Prague Library,quot; callumscott2 on Flickr
  • 3. But lets not be biblio-centric Image sources: quot;All of my DVDs,quot; nickstone333 on Flickr quot; A few CDs,quot; Spushnik on Flickr
  • 4. YOUR TASK: How do you organize these materials so people can find them?
  • 5. Color? Image source: bookshelf,quot; chotda on Flickr
  • 6. Size? Image source: Library of Congress
  • 7. Publication date? 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
  • 8. Title?
  • 9. Author? Fiction Nonfiction
  • 10. Subject
  • 11. How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr) Author (Presentation zen) Title
  • 12. How libraries are really organized (Presentations) Subject (Reynolds, Garr) Author (Presentation zen) Title (Practical sciences) General (Business) Specific (Presentations) Really specific
  • 13. A tale of two classifications Dewey Decimal Library of Congress classification (DDC) classification (LC)
  • 14. Okay, four Dewey Decimal Library of Congress classification (DDC) classification (LC) Book Industry Standards Open Shelves & Communication (BISAC) Classification (OSC)
  • 15. The esteemed Mr. Dewey Invented the Dewey Decimal System when he was 21 Helped found the American Library Association Created the first library school at Columbia College
  • 16. How Dewey Works Knowledge is divided into 10 subjects
  • 17. How Dewey Works General History & Philosophy & Geography Psychology Religion Literature Knowledge is divided into 10 Social Arts subjects Sciences Applied Languages Sciences Natural Sciences
  • 18. How Dewey Works 000s 900s 100s 200s 800s Those subjects are assigned 300s 700s numbers 400s 600s 500s
  • 19. How Dewey Works 020s Libraries 950s 170s African history Ethics 880s And more specific 260s Greek Lit Theology subjects are given 750s 330s more specific Economics Painting 610s numbers 440s Medicine French languages 590s Zoology
  • 20. Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 400 Language Easy to 500 Natural Sciences organize 600 Technology 700 The Arts 800 Literature 900 Geography & History
  • 21. Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect 400 Language 500 Natural Sciences if a subject is more 600 Technology 700 The Arts general or specific. 750 Painting 759 History of more specific painting even more specific 800 Literature 900 Geography & History
  • 22. Why numbers? 000 Generalities 1. Numbers have a 100 Philosophy & Psychology clear order. 200 Religion 300 Social Sciences 2. Numbers can reflect 400 Language 500 Natural Sciences if a subject is more 590 Zoology general or specific. 597 Fishes 598 Birds 3. Numbers reflect 599 Mammals 600 Technology groupings 700 The Arts effectively 800 Literature 900 Geography & History animal groups
  • 23. From general to specific 700 The Arts 000 Generalities 710 Landscaping & area 100 Philosophy & planning Psychology 720 Architecture 200 Religion 730 Sculpture 300 Social Sciences 740 Drawing & decorative arts 400 Language 750 Painting 500 Natural Sciences 760 Graphic arts 600 Technology 770 Photography 700 The Arts 780 Music 800 Literature 790 Sports, games & 900 Geography & History entertainment
  • 24. To even more specific 700 The Arts 780 Music 710 Landscaping & area planning 781 General principles 720 Architecture 782 Vocal music 730 Sculpture 783 Music for single voices 740 Drawing & decorative arts 784 Instruments & ensembles 750 Painting 785 Ensembles with one instrument per part 760 Graphic arts 786 Keyboards & percussion 770 Photography 787 Strings 780 Music 788 Wind instruments 790 Sports, games & entertainment
  • 25. Groupings 400 Languages Groupings can be by 420 English Dewey area. 430 German 440 French
  • 26. Groupings 400 Languages Groupings can be by 420 English Dewey area. 430 German 440 French Groupings can be by Biography 921 General topic within several 979.5092 Oregon Dewey areas. 530.092 Physics Dictionaries 423 English 570.3 - Biological 610.3 Medical
  • 27. Quick Dewey Test 1. In what order should 979.5/ORE these books be 557.95/STE shelved? 349.795/HIT 2. Which books are in 667.7/YOU the same Dewey subject area? 551.302/ALT 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but 811/LON have the same focus? 551.31/BRO
  • 28. Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 551.31/BRO 2. Which books are in 557.95/STE the same Dewey subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but 811/LON have the same focus? 979.5/ORE
  • 29. Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 551.31/BRO 2. Which books are in 557.95/STE the same Dewey subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but 811/LON have the same focus? 979.5/ORE
  • 30. Quick Dewey Answers 1. In what order should 349.795/HIT these books be 551.302/ALT shelved? 551.31/BRO 2. Which books are in 557.95/STE the same Dewey subject area? 667.7/YOU 3. Which books are in 811/ANG different areas but 811/LON have the same focus? 979.5/ORE
  • 31. Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences
  • 32. Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. 781.7 Sacred Music 781.71 Christian Sacred Music 781.7161 Baptist Sacred Music
  • 33. Dewey Hierarchy Review Dewey numbers have a clear order. 300 Social Sciences 400s Languages 500s Natural Sciences More specific subjects get more specific numbers. 781.7 Sacred Music 781.71 Christian Sacred Music 781.7161 Baptist Sacred Music Topics are grouped using numbers. 160 Logic 349.795 Oregon Law 170 Ethics 557.95 Oregon Geology 180 Ancient Philosophy 979.5 Oregon History
  • 34. Dewey Areas 000s: General works 500s: Natural sciences 100s: Psychology & 600s: Technology, philosophy applied sciences 200s: Religion 700s: Arts 300s: Social sciences 800s: Literature 400s: Language 900s: History, geography & biography
  • 35. 000s: General works & info systems 050: Magazines, 000: Generalities journals, & serials (Info systems) 060: Organizations & 010: Bibliographies museums 020: Library & 070: Journalism information sciences 080: Quotations 030: Encyclopedias, etc. 090: Manuscripts & rare 040: Not used Books
  • 36. 100s: Psychology & philosophy 100: Philosophy 150: Psychology 110: Metaphysics 160: Logic 120: Epistemology 170: Ethics 130: Occultism, 180: Ancient, medieval, parapsychology Eastern philosophy 140: Philosophical 190: Modern western schools of thought philosophy
  • 37. 200s: Religion 200: Religion 250: Churches & Religious orders 210: Philosophy & theory of religion 260: Social theology 220: The Bible 270: History of Christianity 230: Christian theology 280: Christian 240: Christian Practice denominations 290: Other religions
  • 38. 300s: Social sciences 300: Social Sciences, 350: Public sociology & administration anthropology 360: Social problems & 310: Statistics services 320: Political science 370: Education 330: Economics 380: Commerce & Industry 340: Law 390: Customs & Folklore
  • 39. 400s: Language 400: Language 450: Italian & related languages 410: Linguistics 460: Portuguese & 420: English & Old Spanish languages English 470: Latin languages 430: German & related languages 480: Classical Greek languages 440: French & related languages 490: Other languages
  • 40. 500s: Natural sciences 550: Earth sciences & 500: Natural sciences geology 510: Mathematics 560: Fossils & prehistoric 520: Astronomy life 530: Physics 570: Life sciences, 540: Chemistry biology 580: Plants (botany) 590: Animals (zoology)
  • 41. 600s: Technology & applied sciences 600: Technology 650: Management 610: Medicine & health 660: Chemical 620: Engineering engineering 630: Agriculture 670: Manufacturing 640: Home & family 680: Misc. economics manufacturing 690: Building & construction
  • 42. 700s: Arts & recreation 700: Arts 750: Painting 710: Landscaping 760: Graphic arts 720: Architecture 770: Photography & computer art 730: Sculpture, ceramics, & metals 780: Music 740: Drawing & 790: Sports, games, & decorative arts entertainment
  • 43. 800s: Literature 800: Literature, rhetoric, 850: Italian literature & criticism 860: Spanish literature 810: American literature 870: Latin literature 820: English literature 880: Ancient Greek 830: German literature literature 840: French literature 890: Other literature
  • 44. 900s: History, geography, & biography 900: History 950: Asian history 910: Geography & travel 960: African history 920: Biography & 970: North American genealogy history 930: Ancient history 980: South American 940: European history history 990: History of other areas
  • 45. Quick Dewey Test In which Dewey subject area do these titles belong? Economics in plain English The plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare The story of thought Keep your car running practically forever The atlas of the solar system Teach yourself visually Windows XP
  • 46. Quick Dewey Test In which Dewey subject area do these titles belong? 330s 820s 190s 620s 520s 000s
  • 47. Dewey isnt perfect!? Dewey Decimal Problems 1. Subjects can be found in multiple Dewey areas. 2. Dewey places fiction books in the 800s, divided by country and date. 3. Dewey places biographies in the area of the subjects profession.
  • 48. Same subject . . . in three sections? Problem: The same subject can be found in multiple Dewey subject areas Gardening 580 635 712.6 Botany Gardening Landscaping Solution: use the library catalog or ask a librarian
  • 49. Fiction . . . by when it was written? 813.3 Nathaniel Hawthorne Problem: Dewey 813.54 Danielle Steel shelves fiction by the 813.6 Alexander McCall Smith authors nationality 823.8 Charles Dickens and time period. 820.92 J.K. Rowling 863.44 Isabel Allende 891.733 Fyodor Dostoevsky
  • 50. Fiction books . . . by creation date? FIC/ALL Isabel Allende Problem: Dewey FIC/DIC Charles Dickens shelves fiction by the FIC/DOS Fyodor Dostoevsky authors nationality FIC/HAW Nathaniel Hawthorne and time period. FIC/MCC Alexander McCall Smith FIC/ROW J.K. Rowling FIC/STE Danielle Steel Solution: File all fiction by Author, together in one section.
  • 51. Biographies . . . by profession? 180 Socrates Problem: Dewey 270.6 Martin Luther shelves bios by the 323 - Martin Luther King, Jr. subjects profession. 530 Albert Einstein 759.13 Andy Warhol 973.46 Thomas Jefferson
  • 52. Biographies . . . by profession? 921/EIN Albert Einstein Problem: Dewey 921/JEF Thomas Jefferson shelves bios by the 921/KIN - Martin Luther King, Jr. subjects profession. 921/LUT Martin Luther 921/SOC Socrates Solution: Shelve all 921/WAR Andy Warhol bios by subject then by author, together in one section. Common areas: 92, 921, B
  • 53. The result? Image source: quot;seattle library stacks,quot; oceandesetoiles on Flickr
  • 54. But youre still needed.
  • 55. You help connect people with the information they need Image source: quot;IKBLC interior 8,quot; UBC Library Graphics on Flickr
  • 56. Hopefully, you can do it better now. Thank you. This presentation is available on SlideShare: http://www.slideshare.net/remnil/025431