Lesson Planning StrategiesFor English Language Learners
All teachers are language teachers. Stephen Krashen http://esl.fis.edu/teachers/support/sum.htm Krashen suggest the input should be pitched so that it slightlystretchesthe learner - being neither too easy nor too difficult. (Krashen calls this leveli + 1.)1
Strategies to Make the Input ComprehensibleDraw on students first languages to preview and review the lessonUse visuals and realia (real things). Always try to move from the abstract to the concrete.Scaffold content learning through the use of graphic organizers, including Venn diagrams, webs, and charts. [surveys]Use gestures and body language. [TPR]Speak clearly and pause often, but dont slow down speech unnaturally.Say the same thing in different ways (paraphrase).Write down key words and ideas. (This slows down the language.)Use media, PowerPoint, overheads, and charts wherever appropriate.Make frequent comprehension checks.Above all keep oral presentations or reading assignments short. Collaborative activities are more effective then lectures or assigned readings.
Open with Reader&Speaker/Listener&Writer Activity based on pg 44 figure 2.2 of English Language Learners The Essential Guide http://www.amazon.com/English-Language-Learners-Essential-Practice/dp/04399264672
Todays GoalsLessons from a humming birdUnderstanding by Design = Lesson/Unit Planning RefresherStrategies for Teaching ELLs = Listening+Speaking+Reading+WritingGo over a Bible Lesson with specific strategies for ELLs
Stephen Krashen = i+1 (input plus one not zero or ten)Larry Ferlazzo = ELL resources galore Sean Banville = Free web-based lessons
Handouts 1. Lesson Plan Template 2. Seminar Lesson Plan 3. Quiz 4.EvaluationLarry Ferlazzo http://larryferlazzo.edublogs.org/ and http://www.amazon.com/Teachers-Survival-Guide-Ready-Use-ebook/dp/B008SGNHIU/ref=tmm_kin_title_0?_encoding=UTF8&sr=&qid=Sean Banville http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/ 3
How To Plan Effective LessonsEllen UllmanDetermine the purpose of the lesson. Create space for student thinking and discussion. Be prepared to push that student thinking further. Make time for reflection.
Understanding by Design template
http://jaymctighe.com/resources/downloads/ While we may have been able to answer these questions for ourselves as language learners helping students answer these essential questions for themselves is of value. I was introduced to this template in 2013. This approach can be a life long learning exercise as there is a continual invitation to reflect and revise strategies to better serve students. Reverse Design (Lesson plan on a post-it note)5
Understanding by DesignEssential Questions in World LanguageCompiled by Jay McTigheMotivation/Goals/Benefits Why learn another language? What are my motivations to learn another language?What are my expectations about learning another language?How will learning a language enhance my life?How might learning a language open doors of opportunity?
http://jaymctighe.com/resources/downloads/ While we may have been able to answer these questions for ourselves as language learners helping students answer these essential questions for themselves is of value. UbD reflects a continuous improvement approach to design and learning. The results of our curriculum designs (e.g., assessment results, quality of student work, degree of learner engagement) inform needed adjustments. How would you answer this for your Chinese Studies?Taken from http://www.grantwiggins.org/documents/UbDQuikvue1005.pdf 6
English Language Arts Essential Questions :How do our experiences affect the way in which we create meaning? How do we generate meaning from various forms of communication? How does audience and purpose affect the way we communicate? How does language work? What are the purposes of language? How does interacting with a wide variety of genre and media help us to understand the world and ourselves? How is written language different from spoken language?
http://jaymctighe.com/resources/downloads/ While we may have been able to answer these questions for ourselves as language learners helping students answer these essential questions for themselves is of value. [Relationships Relationships Relationships}
Formats for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages - TESOLPush-inPull-outSheltered Intervention Observation Protocol (SIOP)Content & Language Integrated LearningBi-Lingual Education
The importance of strategic lesson planning for ELLs Echevarria, J., & Vogt, M.
"As a child's teacher, you are the main role model for appropriate English usage, word choice, intonation, fluency, and so forth, but do not discount the value of student-student interaction. In small groups, pairs, and triads, English learners can practice new language structures and vocabulary that they have been taught, as well as important language functions, such as clarifying, confirming or disconfirming predictions, elaborating on one's own or another's ideas, and evaluating opinions."
Echevarria, J., & Vogt, M. (2010). Using the SlOP Model to improve literacy for English learners. New England Reading Association Journal, 46(1), 8-15.9
Chapters Titles Define EssentialsKnow Your StudentsTeach Language Through ContentOrganize Curriculum Around ThemesDraw On Students Primary Languages and CulturesEmphasize Meaningful Reading and WritingDevelop Academic Language
BICS/CALP (J. Cummins)Students need considerable time to become confident both socially and academically:Conversational English 0-2 years (BICS Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills)Academic English 7-9 years (CALP Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency)
Content and Language IntegratedLesson Planning Strategies for Bible Classes
Sean Banville of Breaking News English provides essential strategies for exploring content in text-heavy/language-dense subjects such as Bible, Social Studies, English Language ArtsSee 26 page handoutCreating Bible Lessons and more based on this template using age/development appropriate Bible passages in this seminar Psalm 23 is the example taken from:The Jesus Storybook Bible for ECC/ElementaryThe Message linkfor Middle/Secondary(Rewordify is an option also)
http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/ and http://larryferlazzo.edublogs.org/2014/11/16/the-best-places-to-get-the-same-text-written-for-different-levels/ https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Psalm+23&version=MSG http://www.jesusstorybookbible.com/
TESOL Lesson StrategiesThe Scripture Passage/VocabularyWarm-Ups/Pre-teachBefore Looking/Reading/ListeningWhile Looking/Reading/ListeningMatch The Sentences And ListenListening Gap Fill Picture choiceComprehension Questions Multiple Choice QuizRole Play/PuppetsAfter Reading/ListeningStudent SurveyDiscussion (20 Questions)Discussion (Student-Created Qs)Language Work (Cloze/Collocations)Spelling Scramble Group workPut The Text Back TogetherPut The Words In The Right OrderCircle The Correct WordInsert The Vowels (a, e, i, o, u)Punctuate The Text And Add CapitalsPut A Slash ( / ) Where The Spaces AreFree Writing/DrawingAcademic Writing/StorytellingHomework
Based on Breaking News English http://www.breakingnewsenglish.com/13
Content and Language IntegratedLesson Planning StrategiesListening (Vocabulary)Before Reading / Listening 4While Reading / Listening 5Match Sentences / Listening 6Listening Gap Fill 7Comprehension Questions 8Multiple Choice Quiz9
SpeakingRole Play 10After Reading / Listening 11Student Survey 12Discuss (20 Questions) 13Discuss (Student-Created Qs) 14Homework 26
http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/blogs/larry-ferlazzo/larry-ferlazzo-five-strategies-ell-vocabulary-instruction Vocabulary building14
Content and Language IntegratedLesson Planning StrategiesReadingLanguage Work (Cloze) 15Spelling 16Put The Text Back Together 17Put The Words In The Right Order 18Circle The Correct Word 19Homework 26
WritingInsert The Vowels 20Punctuate & Add Capitals21Put A Slash ( / ) for Spaces 22Free Writing 23Academic Writing 24Homework 26
Exercise timeIn pairs find two strategies from the handout.Share how you might be able to use this in a Bible lesson.
In pairs find two more strategies from the handout.Share how you might be able to use this in another subject.
A Beautiful aspect of Lesson Planning is that Lessons are like gardens which grow differently than envisioned and change from season to season.16
Take Away QuizWhats an ELL? What does TESOL mean?What are the 4 aspects of Teaching English to Speakers of other Languages? What teaching formats are used here to help ESOL students?What is BICS? Approximately how long does it take?What is CALP? Approximately how long does it take?Who coined the term i+1 (input plus one)?What another name for Understanding by Design?How can teaching the Bible to ELLs be improved upon?Bonus Question: Who is Larry Ferlazzo?