The Presentation contains the early life of of Julia Morgan and the major projects she had during her lifetime. it includes two major case studies: 1: Chapel of the Chimes 2: The Hearst Castle Both have been described well in the presentation.
- 1. JULIA MORGAN(1872-1957)THE ARCHITECTOF BEAUTY
2. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION PHILOSOPHY ACHIEVEMENTS PROJECTS BRIEFS ON MAJOR PROJECTS CASE STUDIES : CHAPEL OF THE CHIMES : HEARST CASTLE CONCLUSION REFERENCE 3. Architecture is a visual art, and the buildings speak for themselves.--- Julia Morgan 4. INTRODUCTIONBorn on January 20, 1872 in San Francisco and received her early education atOakland High School(1890).In 1890, she enrolled in the University of California, in nearby Berkeley andgraduated in 1894.cole Nationale Suprieure des Beaux-Arts (1902)Submission of an outstanding design for apalatial theatre which earned her a certificatein architecture, the first woman to receive onefrom the school in Paris 5. TOWARDS ARCHITECTUREtwo principal facts: her residence in California practical possibilities, and her gender .She was inspired by Bernard Maybeck 6. PHILOSOPHYstylistic expression with beauty, comfort, and functionality.clients vision,the opportunities presented by the site,the required functionUse of indigineous materials 7. HER MODULARFIRST BAY TRADITION Utilization of undisguised natural materials from the local environment, such ascedar, redwood, and oak, as well as brick and stone. Combination of traditional craftsmanship and historic motifs with modern building materialsand construction methods. site-sensitive designs by bringing "the outdoors indoors" with such devices as large areasof glass, balconies, and decks to allow sunlight and breezes from outside to flow throughthe interiors. an original work of art that fulfilled the specific needs of the client and the nearbycommunity. 8. ACHIEVEMENTS the first independent licensed woman architect in America became the first woman allowed to study at the prestigious Ecole des Beaux Arts inParis designed more than 700 buildings during her career.Legacy Julia Morgan was buried in the Mountain View Cemetery in the hills of Oakland, California Julia Morgan was be inducted into the California Hall of Fame The Julia Morgan Ballroom at the Merchants Exchange Building in San Franciscowas named in her honor 9. Images from Julia Morgan Ballroom 10. JULIA MORGANS DIVINE WORKS 11. HER PROJECTSEl Campanil, 1903-4Examiner Building, Los Angeles, 1915Margaret Carnegie Library, 1905-6Turner Stores, Oakland, 1916Introduction to Morgans early housesRosenberg House, San Francisco, 1917Speculative Houses, Berkeley, 1905 Berkeley Baptist Divinity School, 1918-19Linforth Houses, Berkeley, 1907*Hearst Castle, San Simeon, 1920-48Methodist Chinese Mission School, San Francisco, Emanu-el Sisterhood Residence, San1907-10Francisco, 1921-22St. Johns Presbyterian Church, Berkeley, 1908-10YWCA, Pasadena, 1921Kings Daughters Home, Oakland, 1908-12 *The Heritage, San Francisco, 1924-29Watt House, San Francisco, 1911Phoebe Apperson Hearst MemorialYWCA, Oakland, 1913-15 Gymnasium, 1925-27Asilomar (YWCA Conference Center), Pacific Grove,Morgans House (remodeled), San Francisco, c.1913-371925 *Chapel of the Chimes, Oakland, 1926-30 [2Phoebe Apperson Hearst Administration Building pages]The Chapel Williams House, Berkeley, 1928Employees housing (Hilltop Cottage and Tide Inn) The Residence (YWCA), San Francisco, 1929-The Lodge and Scripps Lodge30Merrill Hall *Berkeley Womens City Club, Berkeley, 1929- 30 *Chinese YWCA, San Francisco, 1930 12. THE HEARST CASTLE 13. ASILOMAR MERRILL HALL 14. YWCA BUILDINGS 15. THE BELL TOWER(1904)the first reinforced concretestructure built west of theMississippi 16. MARION DAVIES GUEST HOUSE 17. HERALD EXAMINER BUILDINGMission RevivalandSpanish ColonialRevival style building 18. CHAPEL OF THE CHIMES (1926-30)Location : Piedmont Avenue in Oakland, CAThe white concrete exterior, though largely Romanesqueborrows features from Gothic architecture, particularly the Gothic tracery of the nave ofthe main chapel and the cloisters connecting various sections of the structure. 19. The building is a colombarium,and is a bit off the beaten path. The design of the building can becharacterized as containing a progression of spaces and openings that lead from the entrance to thedeep interior. Facade in the morning The front wall has an opening whose abruptness is tempered by a double layer of arches. The arches gracefully extend the wall. 20. The window allows the exterior world to be part of the building via reflection enhanced by the darker interior.A long hall runs along the front of the building. Thefar end of the hall shows the offices. Behind the viewis a large chapel. 21. The main chapel.The ceilings are high with thick wood beams.The motif of the arches continues around the chapel.The exterior of the main chapel. Unfinished concrete on the outside joins the more finished interior.Bton brut style 22. The middle areaMoroccan influences can beThe hallways that areThe simple plaster finishseen in the interior spaces parallel to the main hall at compliments gentle colors inthe entrance have athe glass.lightness 23. If you were one of the richest people in the world, what would youdo?Well, how about building your very own castle. 24. THE HEARST CASTLE (1919-1947) San Simeon, California,Nearest city: USA More than 90,000 sq ftArea: (8,400 m2)Built: 1919[ William RandolphArchitect: Hearst; Julia Morgan Mediterranean Revival,Architectural style: other late 19th and 20th century Revivals 25. LocationHearst Castle is located near the unincorporated community of San Simeon, California.atop a hill of the Santa Lucia Range at an altitude of 1,600 feet (490 m).DesignHearst was fond of Spanish Revival, but dissatisfied with the crudeness of the colonialstructures in California. Mexican colonial architecture had more sophistication but he objectedto its profusion of ornamentation. Turning to the Iberian Peninsula for inspiration, he foundRenaissance and Baroque examples in southern Spain more to his tastes.Hearst particularly admired a church in Ronda and asked Morgan to pattern the Main Buildingtowers after itThe estate is a pastiche of historic architectural styles that its owner admired in his travelsaround Europe. 26. CHURCH AT RONDA,SPAIN 27. Hearst Castle features:56 bedrooms61 bathrooms19 sitting rooms127 acres (0.5 km2) of gardens indoor and outdoor swimming pools, tennis courts, a movie theater, an airfield, and the worldslargest private zoo.WATER SUPPLYgravity-based water delivery system that transports water from artesian wells.SizeThe total square footage of the buildings on the estateexceeds 8,300 m. The area of Casa Grande, the "castle",is 5,634 m. The area of the guest houses on property are:Casa del Mar: 5,875 square feet (546 m)Casa del Monte: 2,291 square feet (213 m)Casa del Sol: 2,604 square feet (242 m) 28. MASTERPIECES OF HEARST CASTLENEPTUNE POOLTemple Garden with an ornamental pooland temple structure.-104 feet long, 58 feet wide and 95 feet wide at alcove.-3.5 feet deep at the west end, 10 feet at drains and holds -345,000 gallons of water.-Oil burning heating system-the light-veined Vermont marble decorating the pools andcolonnades -four 17-century Italian bas-reliefs on the sides of thecolonnades. 29. ROMAN POOL a tiled indoor pool decorated with eight statues of Roman gods, goddesses and heroes. styled after an ancient Roman bath such as the Baths of Caracalla in Rome c. 211-17 CE. The mosaic tiled patterns were inspired by mosaics found in the 5th Century Mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna, Italy.decorated from ceiling to floor with 1 square mosaic tiles.These glass tiles, called smalti, are either colored (mainlyblue or orange) or are clear with fused gold inside.The intense colors and shimmering gold of the tilescombine to create a breathtaking effect. 30. DINING HALLDining Room with Old Spanish Carvingsin the Ceiling 31. BEDROOMS 32. EGYPTIAN STATUE GRAECO ROMANROMAN STATUESTATUES @ HEARST CASTLEEUROPEAN EGYPTIAN STATUE 33. CONCLUSIONHer buildings really have a timeless qualityNot only did Morgan open the field of architecture to women through her example but she alsodid so by hiring and training women as artists, drafters, and architects for her projects.Julia Morgan, Americas first truly independent female architect, left a legacy of more than 700buildings, many of which are now designated landmarks, in cities throughout California, as wellas in Hawaii, Utah, and Illinois. Her work spanned five decades, and the total of hercommissions was greater than any other major American architect, including Frank Lloyd Wright.Julia Morgan tells the remarkable story of this architectural pioneer, and features text, drawings,and photographs of the many buildings that still exist.Learnt about the Romanesque and Greek architecture though her designs which also combinedthe Greek and Moroccan architecture. Mingling of various forms of architecture enlightened meabout the form and functions. 34. REFERENCEShttp://www.bluffton.edu/womenartists/morganassignment.htmlhttp://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/jmhearstss/intro.htmlJulia Morgan-The architect of Beauty: Book by Mark Anthony 35. THANK YOU