Ireland (4th Group)

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  • Irland is a country of northwestern Europe as

    part of the European Union.

    Its capital is Dublin in the year 1949 is declared

    the state as the Irish Republic of Ireland.

    It is sometimes colloquially called the "Emerald

    Isle", referring to the intense green Irish fields.

  • The map

  • Demography

    Ireland is one of the countries of Europe with the highest birth rate (17 ), and one of the highest rates of natural population growth (0.5%). It also contrasts with the rest of Europe by the youth of its population and the low rate of urbanization (58%). Population: 3,878,000 (2002).

  • Climatology A typical summer day in Ireland includes a mix of warm weather and sunny skies with variable cloud. The showers are sometimes mild, but rain in the summer are usually limited to a few days. A common feature in July and August is the high humidity and summer storms. The average temperature in July is around 15 C, although in some cases have temperatures above 30 C. Coastal areas often suffer from large temperature changes between winter and summer. There are approximately 10 C difference in temperature between January and July, indicating a more consistent than that experienced elsewhere in the world. This consistency is due to the moderating effect of the Atlantic Ocean, which absorbs heat in summer and in winter it expels.

  • Prison Kilmanham It is one of the most visited places in Dublin and is the former prison The guided tour is by an Irish guide you counting the entire history of the prison riots ... and lasts about 40 minutes.

  • Castle dunluce The romantic castle ruins dominate the coast between Portrush and Portballintrae. Is a Renaissance-style mansion in the sixteenth century. We can see the guns a vessel of the Spanish Armada in the inner wall.

  • Castle Kilkenny Is a castle located in the eponymous town in County Kilkenny Republic of Ireland. This was the home of the Butler family, formerly known FitzWalter.

  • Newgrange Is one of the passages of the funeral complex Br na Binne in County Meath and the most famous archaeological site in Ireland. It was originally built between 3300-2900 approximately a. C Newgrange was excavated and restored in most cases between 1962 and 1975.

  • San Patricio

    San Patricio was a Christian missionary and is known as the patron saint of Ireland, next to St. Brigid and St. Columba, was a religious preacher and Britain, traditionally considered the introducer of the Christian religion on the island. In Spain is patron of the city of Murcia and is also patron of the town of Granada Albuol.

  • Irish harp The harp is recognized as a symbol of Ireland since the thirteenth century, and its first appearance in the Anglo-Irish currency mintings dates from 1536, during the reign of Henry VIII, appearing as the third quarter of the royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom. The harp was chosen as the state emblem with the establishment of the Free State of Ireland, and one of its earliest applications was in the Great Seal of the Free State of Ireland, and remained the state emblem after the adoption of the Constitution of Ireland.

  • The royal coat of arms He is the official coat of arms of the Republic of Ireland since November 9, 1945. It consists of a shield azure with a golden harp with silver strings, thus the tradition of the Gaelic harp, known clrsach as traditional heraldic emblem of Ireland. Its official heraldic description is: Azure a harp Or stringed Argent. (In field of azure, a harp of gold roped silver).

  • Irish clover That a four-leaf clover is good luck is nothing new, but a superstition that almost everyone knows. But this small plant in Ireland has a special significance because, aside from this feature to attract good fortune, becomes a symbolic role in the celebration of St. Patrick, patron saint of Ireland. At this date, March 17, the image of the clover decorates streets, shops and schools, and one can even see the buttons, hats and clothing of people. The clover is also a national emblem.

  • CustomsIn U.K. people usually shake hands when they meet for the first time. They never kiss. People say please and thank you more after than in Spain.They have dinner very early at 500 or 600 and the usually go tu bed at 1030 or 1100.They like working in the garden and they walk in the parks with their dogs. People in U.K. love going to pubs at weekends with their friends.

  • Traditions People celebrate christmas very much. Their favourite holiday is christmas. Everybody has a christmas tree and children hang a suck on the chimnes to receive their presents from Father Christmas on 25th December. Another tradition is Pancake Tuesday just before Easter. People make this pancakes with eggs, floor and milk. They eat them with jam, sugar and honey. Easter is also a big celebration. Children play games with coloured eggs on Easter Sunday. Children receive chocolate Easter eggs. Adults give each after eggs too. On November 5th people make a big bongire to celebrate Guy Fawks Night. Guy Fawk was a man who tried to blow up Parliament two centuries ago and people celebrate this by burning a big doll who represents Guy Fawk. They have lot of fireworks too.

  • Celtic music Celtic groups are more familiar: Luar na Lubre, In Focus, Connie Dover, Loreena McKennitt, Parallel Dreams, Enya and Annachie Cordon.

  • Cuisine Dishes from the kitchen are the Irish Irish stew, and the bacon with cabbage. The Boxty is a traditional dish. Is very popular in the Dublin coddle, which is made with pork sausage cooked. In Ireland is famous Irish breakfast, served mostly with pork and fried potato can include farls.

  • Beverages This is always the Celtic tradition of cider making. The malt whiskey is well known, and the Irish coffee.

  • Beer As referred to beers, Guinness is the undisputed queen, known worldwide for its distinctive flavor malta. But there are other brands that are quite good, as Murphy's (also black), the Harp (blonde) and Kilkenny (red).

  • English languageThe English language is an extraordinarily rich language, which owes its origins to the variety of influences that had assimilated. Throughout history, the English language has adopted words from other languages, mainly from the Anglo-Saxon, but also from Latin, Old Norse and French and other languages such as Greek, Spanish, etc.. In the V century, and Anglo Saxon invaders colonized the islands. 'Old English' is the term used to refer to the language spoken in that period, brought to Britain by Germanic tribes of Angles and Saxons. They contributed to the language most commonly used words, but also adopted terms used by the Celts who lived in the islands.

    The English language is alive and has constantly evolved to today. Of new words entering the language. The technological revolution, the advances in science and the requirement of new words make the Latin and Greek remain valid as a reference source. Migration and mixing of cultures also represent a contribution of new words to enrich the language more.

  • Gemma M Montero Prez Cristina Galindo Villena