Group 5 Ireland Culture

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Ireland Culture presented by Group 5Communication 101 TCCMs. Sonandre

Text of Group 5 Ireland Culture

  • 1.Ireland Presented By: Group 5 Vanessa Ramm Angel Shipley Ashley Stanton Aliesha Stephens

2. Aliesha Stephens) Vanessa Ramm) Angel Shipley) Ashley Stanton) 3. Image: brittney-irishculture.blogspot.com 4. History of Ireland It begins in 7,500 B.C. with the first settlement of humans. For many years following the first settlement, Irelands population continues to grow with the arrival of farmers, Celts, Christians, Vikings, Gaels, and the English (Lambert). With every group of settlers came new ideas, religions and products. The earliest settlers brought skills and tools for hunting, gathering, fishing, and farming carrying with them items like axe heads. Prospectors and metal workers brought their tools and skills and discovered gold and bronze. (Rootsweb). The Celts contributed iron tools and weapons (Lambert). Unfortunately, like so many other nations of the world, great diversity causes great conflict. Lambert, Tim. (n.d.). A Timeline of Irish History. In . Retrieved November 1, 2010, fromhttp://www.localhistories.org./Unknown Author. (n.d.). A Timeline of Irish History. In Ancestry.com. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from 5. 367 A.D.- The Irish join others in Raiding parts of Britain 795-The Vikings Raid Ireland 1014-The battle of Clontarf 1155-Pope Adrian IV grants the English King the right to invade Ireland to sort out the Irish Church (Lambert). 1169-English invade Ireland and take Wexford 1170-1603 Conflict is near never ending between the English and Irish. During this time Intermarriage occurs between the English and Irish. Attempts at preventing intermarriage are unsuccessful. 1607-1798 These years bring many battles between Protestants and Catholics. Eventually, Catholics are granted the right to vote and marry Protestants 1916- The Easter Rising 1919-1921 War of Independence 1941-Greman air raid 1969-1998 The Troubles * A timeline of Irish History by Lambert, Tim. (n.d.). A Timeline of Irish History. In . Retrieved November 1, 2010, fromhttp://www.localhistories.org./ 6. -Capital City is Dublin -Total Area is 70,280 Square Miles -As of 2005 Population was 4,015,676 -Ireland has too official languages, English and Irish Gaelic is spoken mostly on the western side of Ireland -98% of the population can read and write -Average life expectancy is 77.56 years -Religious include Roman Catholic, Church of Ireland, and other forms of Christianity -Ireland has a Republic type of government -The currency is the Euro -Natural resources include; natural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, and dolomite -Dublin only gets 800mm or less of rain per year making it the driest place in Ireland (WestlyJohnston). Unknown Author. (n.d.). A Timeline of Irish History. In Ancestry.com. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from 7. According to the BBC article Ireland Country Profile, The Irish economy under went one of the deepest recessions in the Euro zone, with its economy shrinking by ten percent in 2009. Currently, the Irish are trying to shore up the banks and weather yet another storm, the economic crisis, like the rest of the world. During the 1990s Ireland again became a hub of immigration. Investors from all over the world flooded Ireland creating an increasingly modern high tech economy (BBC). Like the rest of the world, Ireland felt the devastating effects of the bursting housing bubble. More Recent History Unknown Author. (October 9, 2010). Ireland country profile. In BBC News. Retrieved November 1, 2010, from 8. Irish is a Goidelic Language of the Indo European language family, originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is now spoken as a first language only by a small minority of the Irish population, and as a second language by a larger minority. However, it is widely considered to be an important part of the island's culture and heritage Image: http://islandireland.com/Pages/irish.html Source: http://www.emeraldtiger.com/general/lang.htm 9. Ireland Language Today The 1996 Census reported that just over 1.43 million people have the ability to speak Irish (43% of the relevant population). The Irish- speaking heartland is called the Gaeltacht and the percentage of the population purporting to speak Irish in this area is very high at 76.3% however the area is not densely populated. About 353,000 people speak English regularly and 76% of those people speak Irish http://www.iregua.net/cultura/imleyes/elunedm2.htm 10. Music in Ireland . Top 5 biggest Selling Irish acts of all time 1. U2 170 Million + Rock 19-76Present (33 Years) [20] 2. Enya 80 million + Celtic/New age 1986-present (22 Years) [21] 3. Van Morrison 55 Million + Soul 1967-present (40 Years) 4. The Cranberries 50 million + 19902003, -2009 5. The Corrs 43 Million+ pop 1995 - 2006 (on hiatus) (11 Years) Irish is the generic term for music that has been created in various genres on the island of Ireland. The indigenous music of island is termed Irish traditional music. It has remained vibrant through the 20th, and 21st century despite globalizing cultural forces. In spite of emigration and well developed connection to music influences from Britain and the United States, Irish music has kept many of its traditional aspect and has itself influenced many forms of music, such as country roots music in the USA, which in turn had some influence on modern rock music. -http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1145.html -http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1038581.stm 11. Instruments in Ireland http://www.culkinschool.com/education_music.htm Without the traditional Irish music dancing in Ireland would not exist. What are dancers without foot stomping music of he fiddle, bottom box, concertina, bodhran (pronounced bow-rawn), uilleann (pronounced ILL-uhn) pipes, tin whistle, flute, celtic harp, guitar. The bodhrn is an Irish drum and is considered the heartbeat of Irish music. It is traditionally made with a wooden frame in which a dried goatskin is stretched. A concertina is another instrument used in traditional Irish music. Often times gypsies are pictured with them! 12. According to Beebe, Beebe, and Ivy, by paying attention to what a cultural values, we can get important clues about how to communicate a message, establish relationships, and avoid errors when interacting with people from a given country. Irelands cultural traditions are preserved as a wide range of culturally significant ideas, specific practices, and various methods. Irish people love traditions. So much so, in fact, that the country is full of them. Irish people values how they celebrated their holidays, and wedding ceremony in their own traditional way. Most of the holidays are celebrated the same way around the world. Irish people try to keep their cultural tradition, so that they can be passed down from generation to generation. The following slides are different types of Irish traditional holidays, and traditional wedding ceremony. 13. Irish Traditional Holidays Valentine's Day St. Valentine - "Patron Saint of Lovers. Red heart is the traditional symbol of Valentine's Day. In 1836, Pope Gregory XVI sent a gift to the Carmelite Church on White friar Street, Dublin. The gift was a relic of a Christian martyr: a small gold-bound casket containing the earthly remains of St. Valentine. Every year, on February 14th, the casket containing the Saint's mortal remains will be carried in procession to the high altar of the Carmelite Church for a special Mass dedicated to young people and those in love. For the most part Valentine's Day is celebrated with candy hearts, chocolates, flowers and cards. Saint Patricks Day Come about every 17th March. Named after Saint Patrick (AD 387 461) - The Patron Saint of Ireland. He helped bring Christianity to Ireland. The man who banished snakes from the Emerald Isle. Irish families would traditionally attend church in the morning and celebrate in the afternoon. Celebrated by parades across the world such as United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, Singapore, and Russia. Traditional meal of Irish bacon and cabbage. Green ribbons and shamrocks were worn Shamrock - a three-leaved plant, symbolized the Holy Trinity to the pagan. Easter Easter is named after the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring (Eostre), and is originally a pagan (non-Christian) festival. Eggs were used as symbols of fertility. The Easter bunny (baby rabbit) is also another symbol of spring and fertility. The streets are full of bright greens to symbolize the shamrock and yellows to convey the new lease of life that begins in Easter. Images: http://www.yourirish.com/st-patrickSource by: http://www.celticspiritband.com/holidays.htm 14. Halloween The Celts believed that on October 31 Samhain (who was the lord of the dead) would call together all of the dead and these souls would take on the shape of an animal. They believed that all creatures wandered the Earth on that night. This was called the Vigil of Samhain. The Celts celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Today in Ireland children dress up in costume and trick or treat and Jack-O'Lanterns are seen lighting the way for the witches and ghosts. Christmas Traditionally the Christmas season begins on 8 December in Ireland and lasts until 6 January. In Ireland, Santa works a little differently than in the United States. Instead of leaving everything under the tree he leaves each child's gifts in their room, often in a pillowcase at the end of the bed, though sometimes a large gift may be left unwrapped under the tree. Christmas stockings are a tradition with some families and are hung Christmas Eve for Santa to fill. The Candle in the Window - The placing of a lighted candle in the window of a house on Christmas Eve is a symbol of welcome to Mary and Joseph as they tr