How Open Badges scaffold a better learning design and improve ePortfolio management

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1. HowOpenBadgesscaffolda betterlearningdesignand improveePortfoliopractices MaharaHui2015-Auckland Dominique-AlainJAN @dajan|djan@mac.com LeaderoftheFrenchMaharacommunity TELLectureratLausanneUniversityforTeacherTraining 2. Plan 1. Aboutbadges 1. (Open)Badgesanoldstory 2. AnatomyofaBadge 3. BadgesvsePortfolios 2. ManagingBadges 1. Creating/Issuing/Managingbadges 2. AndbeyondtheOpenBadgePassport 3. HowcanOpenbadgesimprovethelearningexperienceofePs? 3. AboutBadges HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices? 4. (Open)Badgesanoldstory Claims: Wehavebeenusingbadgesforalongtimealready Medievalblazon Armyflags Tartan Badgesarepolymorphic Badgescanbeserious 5. TheaimofOpenBadgesistoallowanyonetobuildand manage a portfolio of assessments and certifications of whathasbeenacquiredthroughlifelonglearning,aswellas formally and informally during leisure activities, self learning,orthroughcharitableactivities DenisLamontagne(2011) OpenBadges:uneinitiative pourlareconnaissancedescomptencestoutaulongdelavie,20/09/11 accdle30/05/14[http://cursus.edu/article/17545/ open-badges-une-initiative-pour-reconnaissance/] 6. AnatomyofaBadge HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices? 7. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer 8. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Badgestorage Badgemanagement Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer 9. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Badgestorage Badgemanagement Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer 10. BadgeName Description Issuingcriteria Issuer Evidences Validity Issuingdate Image.png 11. Nomdubadge Description Critresdobtention Emetteur Preuves Datedevalidit Datemission Image.png Image+metadata=badge.png 12. { "recipient": "djan@mac.com", "evidence": "/badges/economics/macro", "expires": "", "issued_on": "2015-04-08", "badge": { "version": "0.5.0" "name": "Keynesian multiplicator", "image": "/images/macro-keynMultiBase.png", "description": "Explain the effects of public "criteria": "/badges/economics/keynes/multi/", "issuer": { "origin": "http://gymnyon.vd.ch", "name": "gymnyon", "org": "Gymnase de Nyon", "contact": "webmaster@gymnyon.educanet2.ch" } } } + 13. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship 14. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship Iamvalidatingyourskill 15. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship ofknowinghowtodothis 16. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship onthebasisofthese! 17. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship Myvalidationisalso representedbythis! 18. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship 19. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB 20. Image Criteria Peoplesharingthesame Badge/Pathway/Location Issuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB 21. Image Criteria SocialNetworkIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB 22. Image Criteria SocialNetworkIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB Skills Values Attitudes Knowledge 23. Image Criteria SocialNetwork Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB SemanticNetwork Issuer 24. Image Criteria SocialNetwork Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB SemanticNetwork Formal/Informal 25. ePortfoliosvsOpenBadges? HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices? 26. ePortfolioadoption TheNES(NHSEducationforScotland)ePortfoliohasgrownrapidlysince itsinceptioninAugust2005andnowcomprisesover20versionsforover 35,000healthcaretraineeswithinScotland(Nursing,Midwifery,Dentistry andPharmacy),acrosstheUnitedKingdom(Medicine),andtheRepublic ofIreland(Medicine) Source:http://guide.nhseportfolios.org/walkthrough/Home.aspx 27. NoteveryonesupportsePortfolio IstartedthispetitionbecauseIbelievetheePortfolioisacompletewasteoftimeand effortforallClemsonstudents.I].Likemostallofmyclassmates,Iputworkintomy classesandreceivegrades,asIshould.Itisassimpleasthat.Whyshouldweberequired tocreateaportfoliothatjustreiteratesthefactthatwehavecompletedacourse?Why shouldwebesubmittingworktoanonlineportfoliothatdoesnotgiveusanycredit?We havetocompletethistograduate?IfIhaveachievedgoodgradesandcompletedthe coursesnecessary,Ishouldbewellonmywaytograduating.TheePortfolioonlycreates anothertaskforstudentstoworryabout,ataskthataccomplishesnothing.Iwrotean essayformyEnglishclass,IgotanAonit,thatledtomereceiveanAinthecourse,andI successfullyearnedthosecredits.NowhereintheredoIseeagapthatmustbefilledin withanePortfolio.Manyofushavefriendsatotherprestigiousuniversities.Notoncehave IheardofanePortfolioassignmentfromanyofthem.Ifirmlybelievethateliminatingthe ePortfolioatClemsonUniversitywilltrulyenablestudentstobemorefocusedontheir actualcourseworkandhaveamorepositivemindsetaboutschool.[] JamieHardingstartedthispetitionPetitionClosed2,954supporterstarget5,000 Source:https://www.change.org/p/clemson-university-eliminate-the-eportfolio 28. NoteveryonesupportsePortfolio ePortfolios7reasonswhyIdontwantmylifeinashoebox http://donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.com.au/2011/03/e-portfolios-7-reasons-why-i-dont-want.html Bollinger(2010)StudentperceptionsofePortfoliointegrationinonlinecourses Tosh(2005)Engagementwithelectronicportfolios:challengesfromthestudentperspective Shroff(2011)Analysingthetechnologyacceptancemodelinexaminingstudentsbehaviouralintentions tousee-portfoliosystems Tzeng(2011)Perceivedvaluesandprospectiveusers'acceptanceofprospectivetechnology:thecaseof acareereportfoliosystem Jan(2015)ePortfoliotrainedgraduatesintheworkplace:aretheysignificantusersofePortfoliofeatures atthestartoftheircareers?[papertobedeliveredatePIC2015] 29. ManagingBadgeswithinMahara HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices? 30. Assignment 31. Assignment Issuesbadges 32. Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges 33. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer 34. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer 35. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer 36. Design Manage Issue Revoke M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer 37. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer 38. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer 39. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer 40. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer 41. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer 42. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer 43. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer 44. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer Semantic Network 45. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer Semantic Network Social Network 46. HowOpenbadgescanimprove thelearningexperienceoneP? HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices? 47. OneCaseStudy Context: HES-SO:HigherEducationinstitutionforHealthcaretraininginFribourg (Switzerland) Newsyllabusfortrainednursestobecomeheadsofdepartmentinhospitals Masterdegree Facetofacetraining(1/3)onlinetraining(2/3) 240creditsECTS! coursework+personalwork TEL Moodle Mahara mandatorytopresentareflexiveandpersonalworkattheendofthetraining(3years) PLE http://www.heds-fr.ch/fr/Pages/default.aspx https://vimeo.com/69882471 48. OneCaseStudy Exampleofoneinstructiongiventostudents Attheendofyearthreeyoumustsubmityourportfolioforevaluation.This mustcontain: thepersonalandreflexivejournalyouhavewrittenalongsideyourthreeyearsoftraining twoevidencesofattainmentforeachofthesixteenmainskills yourpersonalbiography Thisportfoliorepresents30%ofyourfinalmark 49. Myquestionsaboutthat Whatisreflexivityinyourcontext? Doyoutrainstudentstohavereflexivepracticeordoyoutakethisforgranted fromtheirpreviousbackground? WillyoutrainstudentstoacquireePpractices? WillyoutrainstudentstouseMahara? WhatinyourviewconstitutesagoodevidenceforinclusioninsomeoneseP? Willyoutrainstudentstoimprovetheirdigitalliteracy? Haveyouallagreedonwhatthe16skillsyouhavetoassessare? 50. Oneofthe16skills:Reflexivepractice Whatisreflexivepractice? Brainstorming! 7people! 8interpretations Decision: First:wecreateabadgeonreflexivepractice Attheend:wecreate3badgesonreflexivepractice 3levels Oneforeachyear Acknowledgestudentsprogress 51. Process 52. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process 53. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Badge 54. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Badge 55. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Result: Intellectually Acomprehensionoftheskill Anagreementontheboundaryobject(Popper) Reification(WengeronCoP) Practically Anagreementonthecompetencesthatcontributeto acquiretheskill Competencesaresimplertoassess Anagreementontheactivitiestodevelopfortraining thestudents(Bloomstaxonomy) Technically Thedecisiononwhatsettingsandtoolsthatmustbe setupforthetasks/activities(multiple/singlejournal, forums,grouppages,) Badge 56. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation 57. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation 58. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ 59. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ 60. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ 61. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ 62. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ 63. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ Template Grouppage PLE 64. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ Template Grouppage PLE 65. Conclusion TheintroductionofOpenBadgeshasimprovedasituationwhere Studentswereconfused Teachersdidntagreeondefinitionsofskills,orqualitystandards Thedesignofactivitieswasnotinrelationwiththeskills By Clarifyingtheobjectives(reification,boundaryobject,Bloomstaxonomy,) Helpinginthedesignofclearevaluationcriteria ProvidinganacceptablelearningcurveinePpractices GivingmentorstimetofeelcomfortablewithTELandeP