1. Thinking Maps Marie Barker Christina Bentheim Kathy Gostomski
2. 80% of all information that comes into our brain is VISUAL 40% of all nerve fibers connected to the brain are linked to the retina 36,000 visual messages per hour may be registered by the eyes. - Eric Jensen, Brain Based Learning
3. What are Thinking Maps?
4. Psychological Foundation
Based on eight cognitive skills
Each cognitive skill has a specific map to aid students in organizing their thinking in a visual and concrete way.
5. Circle Map for Defining in Context
8. 0 + 6 6 1 + 5 5 + 1 4 + 2 3 + 3 2 + 4 6 + 0
10. ? sideburns scarves Cadillac May still be alive
12. Tree Map for classifying and grouping
16. Bubble Map for describing with adjectives
19. Double Bubble for comparing and contrasting
21. Brace Map For Identifying Part/Whole Relationships
24. Flow Map For Sequencing and Ordering
31. Multi-Flow Map For Analyzing Causes and Effects
36. Bridge Map For Seeing Analogies
39. The Scarlet Ibis Animals as Symbols
41. Historical Context
Advance organizers came about in the 1960s with Ausubel and the Discovery learning movement
Graphic organizers came onto educational scene during the 1980s
Hyerle decided to take it one step further and create the same tools for specific cognitive skills in the mid-1990s
42. Philosophical Perspectives
Students need to be taught how to organize thinking
Students and teachers need to speak a common visual language
43. Research Base
No published peer-reviewed studies to date
All are masters theses or doctoral dissertations OR articles and books written by Hyerle, himself
When a doctoral student approached Hyerle to conduct a study, he presented two reservations
44. Hyerles Reasons to Limit Research
If the prescribed program procedures are not consistently followed, it might skew the results of the study.
Seven months is not an adequate amount of time to conduct a study. It can take years to see effects from the use of Thinking Maps.
45. Effectiveness of Method and Rationale
Peer-reviewed research is needed
What specifically makes the expensive Thinking Maps more effective than inexpensive graphic organizers?
Is it just another next best thing?
Ineffective when every teacher is not trained properly or provided with proper training materials