Final na final thesis

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A ResearchPresented to the Faculty of the College of EducationLaguna State Polytechnic UniversitySiniloan (Host) CampusSiniloan, Laguna

In Partial FulfillmentOf the Requirements for the Degree ofBachelor of Secondary EducationMajor in Mathematics



This Research entitled FACTORS AFFECTING MATHEMATICS PERFORMANCE OF LABORATORY HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AT LAGUNA STATE POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY A.Y 2009-2010 prepared and submitted by JENNILYN F. BALBALOSA in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of BACHELOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION Major in Mathematics recommended for oral examination.


PANEL EXAMINEESApproved by the COMMITTEE ON ORAL EXAMINATION with a grade of ______ on ___________.


JENNILYN F. BALBALOSA167 Gen. Luna St. Siniloan, LagunaCell. No.: 09092684305Email Address:


Age:19Birthday:September 25, 1990Birthplace:Siniloan, LagunaGender:FemaleReligion:Roman CatholicStatus:SingleHeight:54Weight:95 lbs.Fathers name:Wilson BalbalosaOccupation:FishermanMothers name:Pilita F. BalbalosaOccupation:Store owner


Elementary:Angela Ong Javier Elementary SchoolSiniloan, Laguna1997-2003

Secondary:Laguna State Polytechnic UniversitySiniloan, Laguna2003-2007

Tertiary:Laguna State Polytechnic UniversitySiniloan, Laguna2007-present

Course:Bachelor of Secondary Education


ACKNOWLEDGEMENTThe author is very grateful to GOD ALMIGHTY for without His graces and blessings, t6his study would not have been possible.Immeasurable appreciation and deepest gratitude for the help and support are extended to the following persons who in one way or another have contributed in making this study possible.Prof. Lydia R. Chavez, Dean of Education, for her support and words of encouragement and also for giving a long period of time to depend this manuscript.Mrs. Delia F. Mercado, adviser and statistician, for her support, advices, guidance, valuable comments, suggestions, and provisions that benefited her much in the completion and success of this study.; who gave her love, care, shelter in doing this research. Sharing her knowledge and helped in the analysis of data and its statistical computations. And last by giving an endless helped to finish this manuscript. The author is very thankful for having such a good adviser like you.Mr. Ricky M. Latosa, Subject specialist and English Critic, for his comments, effort in checking and editing this study.The members of the committee for oral examination who manifested their distinguished skills and talents in their own fields as seen in their way of correction and ideas shared.Mrs. Evangeline Cruz, librarian, for her letting the author to borrow their books.To her respondents and teachers, for their worthy support and cooperation and time in terms of providing the author all the needed information.Maria Wilness Calalo, her bountiful friend, a genius and also a flexible student, for her guide and opinion.Her Addickted Family, friends and classmates, for their moral support, understanding and encouragement.Her best friend, family and cousins, for their love, caring, patients and support in financial aspects to pursue this manuscript.To all who are not mentioned but in one way or another helped in the completion of this study, thank you very much.

The Author

Table of ContentsAPPROVAL SHEETSBIOGRAPHICAL DATAACKNOWLEDGEMENTTABLE OF CONTENTSLIST OF TABLESLIST OF FIGURESABSTRACTChaptersITHE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDBackground of the studyTheoretical FrameworkConceptual Framework Statement of the ProblemResearch HypothesisScope and Limitation of the studySignificance of the studyDefinition of TermsIIREVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDYInterest in MathematicsStudy HabitsTeachers Personality TraitsTeaching SkillsInstructional MaterialsIIIRESEARCH METHODOLOGYResearch DesignSubject of the StudyResearch InstrumentsResearch ProcedureStatistical Treatment of DataIVPRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATIONExtent of Interest in MathematicsExtent of Study HabitsExtent of Teachers Personality TraitsExtent of teaching skillsExtent of Instructional Materials used by the Mathematics TeachersLevel of Performance of Students in MathematicsSignificant Relationship of Students Mathematics Performance in student-related factors and teacher-related factorsVSUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONBIBLIOGRAPHYAPPENDICESAppendix AResearch Instrument

Appendix BList of Respondents

Appendix CLettersList of Tables Tables1Extent of Interest in Mathematics2Extent of Study Habits3Extent of Teachers Personality Traits4Extent of teaching skills5Extent of Instructional Materials used by the Mathematics Teachers6Level of Performance of Students in Mathematics7Significant Relationship of Students Mathematics Performance in student-related factors and teacher-related factors

List of FiguresFIGURE1 A conceptual paradigm showing the relationship of students mathematics performance in student-related factors and in teacher-related factors.

Chapter 1THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDIntroductionWe live in a mathematical world. Whenever we decide on a purchase, choose an insurance or health plan, or use a spreadsheet, we rely on mathematical understanding. The World Wide Web, CD-ROMs, and other media disseminate vast quantities of quantitative information. The level of mathematical thinking and problem solving needed in the workplace has increased dramatically. In such a world, those who understand and can do mathematics will have opportunities that others do not. Mathematical competence opens doors to productive futures. A lack of mathematical competence closes those doors. Students have different abilities, needs, and interests. Yet everyone needs to be able to use mathematics in his or her personal life, in the workplace, and in further study. All students deserve an opportunity to understand the power and beauty of mathematics. Students need to learn a new set of mathematics basics that enable them to compute fluently and to solve problems creatively and resourcefully.

It has been long time to discover the importance of Mathematics in our world. And these discoveries lead us to more technological or what so called Industrial era, wherein the different usage of technological devices occur. In this era, application of Mathematics helps to develop and invent such technological devices. Through these applications our life became easier. Now a day, Mathematics is the key to all Sciences.

Despite explaining more about mathematics and the proof that its really important, the students today dont like this subject. They think that the Mathematics is a boring subject, and its hard to understand formulas, they always say Why should we study Mathematics, only four major operations are enough and the rest no longer needed. We do use graphs and formulas in our daily living. Only if they understand the logic behind this subject and the principles applied in different problems, if they get what Mathematics really meant to be, they will find that it is not a boring subject, that mathematics is an interesting one. Mathematics becomes part of our life, not only in our academic subjects, but in all part of our integral life. We dont see that even in simple conversation mathematics take place. In our transportation it also occurs, and in our daily living it definitely applied.

Background of the StudyAccording to Schereiber (2000) those who have positive attitudes toward mathematics have a better performance in this subject.Mathematics achievement has shown that the students from each major level of Education in Asia seemed to outperform their counterparts. Many studies have examined students thinking about school and their attitude toward Mathematics. Mathematics performance involves a complex interaction of factors on school outcome. Although the relationship between mathematics performance and students factor has been studied widely, it is important to explore the factors that contribute students mathematics performance.

Wendy Hansen (2008) stated that boys are more likely than girls to be math geniuses. The researcher found that neither gender consistently outpaced the other in any state or at any grade level. Even on test questions from the National Assessment of Education Progress that were designed to measure complex reasoning skills, the gender differences were minuscule, according to the study.

Student engagement in mathematics refers to students motivation to learn mathematics, their confidence in their ability to succeed in mathematics and their emotional feelings about mathematics. Student engagement in mathematics plays a key role in the acquisition of math skills and knowledge students who are engaged in the learning process will tend to learn more and be more receptive to further learning. Student engagement also has an impact upon course selection, educational pathways and later career choices.

Mathematics performance has improved, again, through expecting students to achieve, providing instruction based on individual student needs and using a variety of methods to reach all learners. One factor has been aligning the math curriculum to ensure that the delivery of instruction is consistent with the assessment frequency.

This particular study attempts to determine the factors affecting mathematics performance of Laboratory High School Students at Laguna State Polytechnic University Academic Year 2009-2010.