Chapter I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
INTRODUCTION An educated manpower serves as a prime mover of the nation's economic growth and sustainable development to the focus must be given to the quality mentors/teachers at all levels of education. Licensure Examination for Teacher is the examination given by the Professional Regulations Commission to all graduates who wish become professional licensed teacher. IT is one of the standard test from teaching program effectiveness and aside from standardizing the teaching the said examination indicates the quality of teacher training program of a particular institution. Technological University of the Philippines offers of Bachelor of Science in Industrial Education Technical Teaching in Education. Part of the curriculum of the said program are Professional Industrial Education Subjects. Major Subjects and General Education subjects that have a great effect on the perfomance of the respondents in LET. Many professional teachers were produced by TUP since College of Industrial Education was founded. The Tracer Study on the Performance on the BSIE and BTTE graduate in the Licensure Examination for Teacher April and October 2009, April and September 2010 and April & September 2011 aims to trace the passers career status after passing the examination. Identifying the factors that influenced the performance of graduates in LET is one of the concerns of this research. The passing rate of the respondents in terms of national passing will be reveal on this research as well as the school performance of TUP in LET. The findings of the study will serve as a "wake-up call" to both BSIE/BTEE students and instructors to improve the quality of instruction.
Background of the Study The Philippines prohibits any individual from practicing or offering to service the teaching profession without having previously obtained a certificate of registration and a valid professional license from the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) to ensure that the student teachers become competent teachers. This is the main reason why the commission conducts the Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET) to regulate the profession and to provide license to deserving individuals who passed the LET.
The LET serves as an initial benhcmarker in determining the strength of the teacher Education program particularly at the TUP. The tracers study the performance of the BSIE/BTTE graduates in LET for the year 2009, 2010, 2011 instead to trace the status of the LET passers. The employability of the graduates is also including in this study because the researchers find it relevant in the study conducted. The list of the top performing schools in the PRC board exam result dated April and September 209, 2010 and 2011 were taken from the officer website of the agency. To get the LET performance of each passer the researcher personally went to the office of Educational Statistic Department to request the results of the said years. As BSIE students, it will come to a point that the researchers will also take the said examination. Technological University of the Philippines produces LET passers but in the entire history of the college of Industrial education none of the passers become topnotchers. The researchers come up with this study to know why TUP was not able to produce topnotchers. To be one of the top performing schools on the said examination, there must be 50% passers graduates from the
school. According the official website of PRC TUP is not belonging to the top performing school. The passing rate of the TUP base on the PRC is ranging to 31%- 37% only.
Statement of the Problem: The study intends to trace the performance of the BSIE/BTTE graduates in the Licensure Examination of 2009, 2010, 2011 September and March in terms of their scores. The purpose of teachers of the study is to answer the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: a. Age b. Gender c. Year Graduated d. Date Employee e. Current job f. Monthly income 2. What are the scores of BSIE-BTTE graduates in the Licensure Examination for Teachers of 2009, 2010, 2011 (September and March)? 3. What mode of reviews they undergone before getting the exam? 4. What is the passing rate of the BSIE/BTTE LET passers in terms of national passing rate? 5. What is the school performance of TUP in 2009, 2010 and 2011 LET?
6. Which of the following variables significantly influence the BSIE/BTTE graduates' performance in LET?
Scope and Limitations The researcher was limiting the study on the competencies acquired by the Technological University of the Philippines LET passers during 2009-2011 examinations. The respondents of this study were graduated of Bachelor of Science in Industrial Education and Bachelor of Technical Teaching Education. Total numbers of the passers were 400 BSIE/ BTTE and the researcher's target population was 100% of the population, taken as samples. The dependent variable of the study is the performance of BSIE/BTTE students in LET examination in terms of their scores. The independent variables of the study are the graduate's profile, school related factors and teaching specialization.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY This study will serve as the basis for the administration to evaluate the content of the subjects, curriculum offerings, instruction, methods and technologies and school facilities. Likewise the administration will be able to look for remedial measures to upgrade the areas where college students are found weak. In addition, competencies acquired by the LET passers will give insights in evaluating test results.
Finally, information provided in the investigation is guide to students who are interested to take education courses.
CHAPTER II CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK This chapter presents the review of related literature and studies that have bearing study using the key variables as point of sequence and reference. It also includes the research framework, hypothesis, and definition of terms.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES According to Duque 1999, The quality of education in the country is low as stipulated in research findings. This issue particularly on low quality education poses more implications as one strives to deal with globalization, educational reform, technological change and survival issue.
Licensure Examination for Teachers (LET).
Licensure means a restricted practice requiring a license, which gives a "permission to practice." Such licenses are usually issued in order to regulate some activity that is deemed to be dangerous or a threat to the person or the public or which involves a high level of specialized skill. The danger and skill elements inspire governments not to allow a free-for-all, but to regulate the activity, and licensing is a well-established and convenient method of regulation. Licensing includes such things as pilot and driving licenses, licenses to play professional sports, etc. In the case of certain occupations and professions, licensing is often granted through a professional body or a licensing board composed of advanced practitioners who oversee the applications for licenses. This often involves accredited training and examinations, but varies a great deal for different activities and in different countries. Practicing without a license may carry civil or criminal penalties. TEACHERS Teachers refers to all persons engaged in teaching at the elementary and secondary levels, whether on fulltime or part-time basis, including industrial arts or vocational teachers and all other persons performing supervisory and/ or administrative functions in all schools in the aforesaid levels and qualified to practice teaching under this Act. This Act shall be known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of 1994. Cited by Professional Regulation Commission. TRACER One way to evaluate a curriculum is via tracer studies.
According to Kumar (1991, as cited in Zainab, A. N., Edzan, N. N., & Rahman, S. S. A, 2004), tracer studies are recommended to be carried at least a year after students have graduated.
While, Loughbridge (1990, as cited in Zainab, A. N., Edzan, N. N., & Rahman, S. S. A, 2004) emphasized that in an ideal situation, the target graduates should not be too long on the job so as to achieve an effective tracer feedback since it is often difficult to remember courses taken up to 10 years previously.
Besides, reasons such as those who have changed addresses, changed jobs or gone overseas may make it difficult in tracing the graduates as explained by Zainab, A. N., Edzan, N. N., & Rahman, S. S. A. (2004) in their research. Furthermore, they said that a number of those located or reached were not willing to participate.
Curran & Greenwald (2006) emphasized that if graduates want an opportunity to get their feet in the door and prove themselves, they will have to redefine for their future employer what they have really learned after four years. Furthermore, they mentioned that there is no shortage of ways to demonstrate transferable skills through liberal arts education. On the other hand, Camenson (2008) reiterated that todays liberal arts majors learn a wide range of skills with just as wide a range of applications. A variety of studies, however, also show that the most important skill remains the ability to communicate effectively. The ideal communications specialist might actually be
a generalist. With an understanding of how to penetrate public awareness, as well as mold and respond to public opinion, communications can be public relations. With the knowledge of how to reach and influence consumers, communications can be advertising or publicity and promotion. Through the techniques of writing and editing, communications can be journalism. With problem-solving and group-management skills, c