Thesis Final !!!

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PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MARIKINA Brazil St. Greenheights Subd. Concepcion I, Marikina City PLMar Tel. Nos. 3698650/ PLMar Fax 369-72-77 www.plmar.edu.ph@yahoo.com

TEXT MESSAGING AND ITS IMPACT ON THE SPELLING PROFICIENCY AMONG FIRST YEAR BACHELOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION STUDENTS OF PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MARIKINA A.Y. 2012-2013

A Research Paper Presented to The Faculty of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina

Submitted by: Miralles, John Michael A. Belgira, Mark Gil G. Pascual, Paul John A. Mades, Noel V. Sarmiento, Marjorie L.

2012-2013

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APPROVAL SHEET The thesis attached hereto, entitled TEXT MESSAGING AND ITS IMPACT ON THE SPELLING PROFICIENCY AMONG SELECTED FIRST YEAR BACHELOR OF SECONDARY EDUCATION STUDENTS OF

PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MARIKINA A.Y. 2012-2013 prepared and submitted by John Michael A. Miralles, Mark Gil G.

Belgira, Marjorie L. Sarmiento, Paul John A. Pascual and Noel V. Mades, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor in Secondary Education, is

hereby accepted.

_Prof. Rebecca Chavez_,Ph. D. Adviser

Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor in Secondary Education.

_Dr. Angelina Irapta_ Dean, BSE

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT A good day to everyone! Each deepest of the researchers to people would behind like us to who extend made our this

gratitude

research work possible. We would use this opportunity to say out most sincere thanks to; our Creator, who gave us the wisdom to evaluate the things that we need, want to and have to do. To our parents, us with who our were the people our that

continuously deserve because to

support be

studies, and be who

parents

given them

appreciation we wouldnt professor

acknowledgement here; and as most our

without to

especially

our

beloved

served

mother, sister, friend and mentor, Dr. Rebecca Chavez, who never cease to understand us. We would also like to dedicate this masterpiece to the people whom in just a short span of time have taught us to value our education and to always strive to be the very best. The Pamantasan Dr. for ng Lungsod Palabay; Dr. ng Marikina, the University Vicethe

President President

Carmelita the

University Santos;

Academics

Teresita

College of Education Head, Dean Angelina Irapta; the Head of the English Department, Professor Norma Almario; to

other department heads and deans; to the faculty members of

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the university; and to our fellow PLMarians who served to be our inspiration in conducting this study. We hope that this study help us to understand the

students of our university better. We also hope that this serve as one of the tools in evaluating the students Our

regarding

their

individual

academic

performances.

research study aims to share insights regarding the factors that hinder the freshmen students of our beloved

university.

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DEDICATION This research study is whole-heartedly dedicated to our beloved family who are always there to help and provide us the things that we need. To our friends, who were always there to comfort us in times of exhaustion. We would also like to extend our dedication to our professors, for the never ending understanding and patience that they showed us, for the lessons that they taught us and also for the memories and values that they instilled in us. To our co-researchers, who were always there ready to help one another, for the memories that we all shared and for the laughs and hardships that we once encountered in doing this research study. This study is also dedicated to our God almighty and we hope that the results of this study serve His will and may all the glory be unto the Lord.

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ABSTRACT The language shortcuts and abbreviations used in text messages are becoming evident in students spelling

proficiency. This qualitative study sought to determine if the use of the shortcuts has an adverse impact on students' spelling and grammar skills. This research was based on the constructivist theory, which rationalizes that students use what they are The most familiar was with as they by acquire new

knowledge.

study

directed

three

research

questions to understand (1)

What is the profile of the

selected students of the PLMAR BSE freshmen students as to: 1.1 gender, 1.2 age, 1.3 length of ownership of the cell phone and 1.4 frequency of texting, (2) What is the

students spelling proficiency level based on the gathered data through the survey test form given to them?;and (3) Is there a significant of relationship when between the spelling to the

proficiency

texters

group

according

following variables: 1.1 length of ownership of the cell phone and 1.2 frequency of texting. A bounded single case study using a sample size of 50 students included a profile sheet and an answer sheet wherein they would have a test on word spelling. Data collected from the interviews and focus group were manually transcribed and coded, and notes from

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observations and artifacts were used to ensure validity of the interview findings. Consequently, four themes emerged: (1) participants frequently used text messaging and

language shortcuts; (2) language shortcuts commonly occur; (3) students exhibits that language shortcuts have affected their spelling skills; and (4) the participants often have academic deficiencies that go beyond errors presented

through text messaging and language shortcuts. The study's findings could influence positive social change in that

students could become more proficient writers if curriculum adjustments were made to connect academic writing

instruction with the method of communication that students frequently use and understand.

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CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION OMG! Rili? Dnt now bowt dat.lmfao. Btw, wr u nw? Fam. dner 2nyt s hauz, r u cuming? Repz, azap..!!,. Have you received that style of text message? Do you or have you ever send this kind of text message? In the Philippines where almost everyone has cellular phones, this style of text messaging is no riddle basically for teenagers and young adults. Texting has become an integral part of our lives; it has developed very rapidly throughout the world. Initial growth of text messaging starts with customers in 1995 sending an average 0.4 messages per GSM (Global System for mobile communications) per customer per month. (Wikipedia, 2009) Today, text messaging is the most widely used mobile data service, with 35% of all mobile phones users worldwide or 4.2 million to 7.3 million phone subscribers at the end of 2003 being active users of SMS.

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The largest average usage of the service by mobile phone subscribers is the Philippines with an average of 15 texts per day by subscribers. (Wikipedia, 2009) Text messaging is most often used between private

mobile users as a substitute for voice calls situations. Popularity has grown to a sufficient extent that the term texting has enticed the people. It is a very powerful tool in the Philippines where the average user sends 10-12 text messages a day. The Philippines ends on the average 400 million test messages per day or approximately 142 billion text messages sent a year. At the end of 2007, four of the top mobile service providers million in the country stated in that the there are 42.78 thus

mobile

subscribers

Philippines;

Philippines has become the texting capital of the world. The expanding availability of text messaging has

raised questions about the effect of texting on standard literacy. Many have reported unintentional intrusions of abbreviations used in texting called textismsis

inappropriate contexts. (Wood. Et al., 2009) This study or research contains information regarding the impacts of text messaging and the factors that hinder

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the

selected

freshmen

students

of

College

of

Teacher

Education of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina (PLMar), A.Y 2012-2013, in achieving good language proficiency, high

literacy rate and English language learning. It also aims to determine whether the texting habits of the students should be a concern as it significantly demeaning their spelling proficiency, literacy and English language learning. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The researchers have listed down the significance in conducting significant the study. it And will with be a the lot help easier of these the

factors,

for

researchers on how to prepare the questionnaire that has reference to the topic of this research work. This study will be significant: 1. To know how many years have the respondents been sending text messages. 2. To know how many hours they spend every day for text messaging. 3. To know whether they use the shorthand method of texting frequently.

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4. To determine if the number of years of cellular phone usage is a factor that affects the spelling skills of the respondents. 5. To know if the number of hours of text messaging is a contributing factor that results to poor spelling. 6. To identify whether the use of shorthand method of text messaging affect their spelling skills. Through this research, the deficiency in students

knowledge and other related studies that needs improvement and progress mostly in the universities and other school offers Education course will be catered. T