Direct, purposeful experiences presentation

  • Published on
    11-Aug-2015

  • View
    193

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

<ol><li> 1. Direct,Direct, PurposefulPurposeful ExperiencesExperiences and Beyondand Beyond </li><li> 2. From the richFrom the rich experience that ourexperience that our senses bring, wesenses bring, we construct the ideas,construct the ideas, the concepts, thethe concepts, the generalizations thatgeneralizations that give the meaninggive the meaning and order to ourand order to our liveslives </li><li> 3. TESTIMONIALSTESTIMONIALS </li><li> 4. The meanings ofThe meanings of negative discriminationnegative discrimination index and positiveindex and positive discrimination indexdiscrimination index became crystal clear to mebecame crystal clear to me only when we did an itemonly when we did an item analysis of our test itemsanalysis of our test items -- Grade VI teacherGrade VI teacher </li><li> 5. It was only It was only when I went to the when I went to the Manila Zoo that I Manila Zoo that I learned that a learned that a giraffe is that tall giraffe is that tall and an elephant is and an elephant is that big. that big. - Grade 4 pupil - Grade 4 pupil </li><li> 6. My husband and children used to do computerMy husband and children used to do computer job for me which made me totally dependent on them.job for me which made me totally dependent on them. The problem was they were not always around to helpThe problem was they were not always around to help me with my reports, lecture notes, etc. To redeemme with my reports, lecture notes, etc. To redeem myself from my helplessness, I forced myself to learn,myself from my helplessness, I forced myself to learn, first of all encoding, then sending e-mail and surfing thefirst of all encoding, then sending e-mail and surfing the internet. What encouraged me was my seven year oldinternet. What encouraged me was my seven year old grand daughter could do what I was not capable ofgrand daughter could do what I was not capable of doing. Now I feel liberated. I can encode and print mydoing. Now I feel liberated. I can encode and print my lectures, send emails, surf the internet, and do powerlectures, send emails, surf the internet, and do power point presentation, even when no one is around to helppoint presentation, even when no one is around to help only after I had to do these things myself.only after I had to do these things myself. -- Graduate School ProfessorGraduate School Professor </li><li> 7. My boss assigned me to put the transparencies on the plate of the overhead projector while he delivered his lecture on stage. It turned out that the first transparency was not positioned upright for the audience. I repositioned the transparency but it was still inverted. I felt nervous and the woman in the audience who was seated nearby came to my rescue. I have never forgotten that experience but having been assigned the task repeatedly, I can say I am now expert at the OHP. - Secretary to the Dean </li><li> 8. Direct, purposefulDirect, purposeful experiences:experiences: Concrete and first handConcrete and first hand experiences that makeexperiences that make up the foundation of ourup the foundation of our learning.learning. Rich experiences thatRich experiences that our senses bring fromour senses bring from which we construct thewhich we construct the ideas, the concepts, theideas, the concepts, the generalizations that givegeneralizations that give meaning and order tomeaning and order to our lives (Dale, 1969)our lives (Dale, 1969) Sensory experiences.Sensory experiences. </li><li> 9. Example of directExample of direct activities:activities: Preparing mealsPreparing meals Making a piece ofMaking a piece of furniturefurniture Performing aPerforming a laboratorylaboratory experimentexperiment Delivering a speechDelivering a speech Taking a tripTaking a trip </li><li> 10. IndirectIndirect Experiences:Experiences: Experience of otherExperience of other people that we observe,people that we observe, read or hear about.read or hear about. Not our ownNot our own experiences, but stillexperiences, but still experiences in the senseexperiences in the sense that we see, read andthat we see, read and hear about them.hear about them. Not first hand but ratherNot first hand but rather vicarious.vicarious. </li><li> 11. Direct vs IndirectDirect vs Indirect Climbing aClimbing a mountain is directmountain is direct experience, yetexperience, yet seeing it on film orseeing it on film or reading about it isreading about it is a vicarious,a vicarious, substitutesubstitute experienceexperience </li><li> 12. Direct experiencesDirect experiences as Purposefulas Purposeful Experiences that areExperiences that are internalized in the sense thatinternalized in the sense that these experiences involve thethese experiences involve the asking of questions that haveasking of questions that have significance in the life of thesignificance in the life of the person undergoing the directperson undergoing the direct experience.experience. Experiences are undergone inExperiences are undergone in relation to a purpose, i.e.relation to a purpose, i.e. learninglearning It is done in relation to aIt is done in relation to a certain learning objective.certain learning objective. </li><li> 13. John Dewey has made hisJohn Dewey has made his fundamental pointfundamental point succinctly:succinctly: An ounce of experience is betterAn ounce of experience is better than a ton of theory because it is only inthan a ton of theory because it is only in experience that a theory has vital andexperience that a theory has vital and verifiable significance.An experience,averifiable significance.An experience,a very humble experience,is capable ofvery humble experience,is capable of generating and carrying an amount ofgenerating and carrying an amount of theory (or intellectual content),but atheory (or intellectual content),but a theory apart from experience cannot betheory apart from experience cannot be definitely grasped as a theory.It tends todefinitely grasped as a theory.It tends to render thinking,or genuine theorizingrender thinking,or genuine theorizing unnecessary and impossibleunnecessary and impossible </li><li> 14. If direct, purposeful experiences or first handIf direct, purposeful experiences or first hand sensory experiences make us learn concepts andsensory experiences make us learn concepts and skills effectively, what does this imply to theskills effectively, what does this imply to the teaching- learning process?teaching- learning process? 1.1. Let us give our students opportunities to learn by doing.Let us give our students opportunities to learn by doing. Let us immerse our students in the world of experienceLet us immerse our students in the world of experience 2.2. Let us make use of real things as instructional materialsLet us make use of real things as instructional materials for as long as we canfor as long as we can 3.3. Let us help our students develop the five senses to theLet us help our students develop the five senses to the full to heighten their sensitivity to the worldfull to heighten their sensitivity to the world 4.4. Let us guide our students so that they can draw meaningLet us guide our students so that they can draw meaning from their first hand experiences and elevate their levelfrom their first hand experiences and elevate their level of thinking.of thinking. </li></ol>

Recommended

View more >