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2. National flower-LotusLotus, botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera is the national flowerof India.The Lotus Flower symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledgeand enlightenment. It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive toregerminate for thousands of years. Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune.Untouched by the impurity despite growing in mud, the flower isalso meant to symbolize the purity of heart and mind.It holds additional significance for Hindus, as it is regarded as thesymbol of many Gods and Goddesses and is often used in religiouspractices 3. National Tree-THE BANYAN TREE The national tree of India, banyan is a very huge structure, longand deep roots branches symbolize the countrys unity.The huge sized tree acts as a shield, protects from hot sun. Thisis the reason why the tree is planted nearhomes, temples, villagpeople following Hinduism, since ages.Rig es and roadsides.He tradition of worshipping sacred trees is prevalent amongthe Veda and Atharva Veda stipulate that trees should beworshipped, for their inevitable role in human life. Banyan isconsidered one among the sacred trees. In the Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is sometimes depictedsitting in silence, under the banyan tree, with the saints sitting atHis feet. With its seemingly unending expansion, the banyan treesymbolizes eternal life. 4. TigerOur NationalANIMAL 5. Tiger Tiger is scientifically known as Panthera tigris. It is a member of the Felidae family and thelargest of the four big cats of the Pantheragenus. On an average, a tiger is about 13 feet in lengthand 150 kilograms in weight. Tiger was chosen as the National animal of Indiadue to its grace, strength, agility and enormouspower. Often, The Tiger as the National Animal of Indiasymbolizes thepower, strength, elegance, alertness, intelligenceand endurance of the nation. 6. National Bird-PEACOCK The Peacock, Pavo cristatus(Linnaeus), is the national bird of India. Emblematic of qualities such asbeauty, grace, pride and mysticism, itis a multihued, swan-sized bird, with afan-shaped crest of feathers, a whitepatch under the eye and along, slender neck. The male bird, peacock, flaunts agleaming blue breast and neck and aspectacular bronze-green train ofaround 200 elongated feathers. 7. National Fruit of India- MANGO Mango, cultivated in India since timesimmemorial, is regarded as theNational Fruit of the country. Described as the "Food of theGods", in the sacred Vedas, the fruitis grown almost in all parts ofIndia, except the hilly areas, but ismainly available in the summerseason only. There are more than 100 varieties ofmangos in India, in a range ofcolors, sizes, and shapes 8. NATIONAL SONG-VANDE MAATARAM Tumi vidyaa tumi dharma sujalaaM suphalaaM malayajatumi hR^idi tumi marmashiitalaaM tvaM hi praaNaaH shariireSasyashyaamalaaM maataram ||Shubhrajyotsnaa pulakitayaaminiiMBaahute tumi maa shaktipullakusumita drumadala shobhiniiM hR^idaye tumi maa bhaktisuhaasiniiM sumadhura bhaashhiNiiM tomaara i pratimaa gaDisukhadaaM varadaaM maataraM || mandire mandire ||Koti koti kantha kalakalaninaada TvaM hi durgaa dashapraharaNadhaariNiikaraalekamalaa kamaladala vihaariNiikoti kotivaaNii vidyaadaayinii namaami tvaaMbhujai.rdhR^itakharakaravaaleabalaa keno maa eto balebahubaladhaariNiiM namaami Namaami kamalaaM amalaaM atulaaMtaariNiiMSujalaaM suphalaaM maataraM ||ripudalavaariNiiM maataraM || ShyaamalaaM saralaaM susmitaaM bhuushhitaaM DharaNiiM bharaNiiM maataraM |" 9. VANDE MAATARAM Composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterji in Sanskrit, thesong Vande Mataram was primarily conceived to serveas a motivation to the people in their freedomstruggle. The first publication emerged in the year 1882 inAnandamatha amidst doubts of a ban by the BritishRaj. Sharing an equal status with Jana-gana-mana (NationalAnthem of India), the song was first sung in the 1896session of the Indian National Congress Vande Mataram served as a voice against British ruleduring the freedom struggle. 10. National FlagOur national flag is the symbol of freedom andsovereignty. It is the flag under which ourfreedom fighter had fought for Indiasindependence.Before independence our national flag hadspinning wheel in centre. It was necessaryat that time for doing like that to rememberthe people who struggled for swadeshimovement which was started by Gandhi.After independence instead of spinning wheel,ashoka charka was replaced. The charkahad 24 spokes. It stands for peace and love. 11. The National Flag of India, also called the Tiranga, was adoptedduring an ad hoc meeting of the Constituent Assembly of thecountry. The meeting was held on the 22nd July 1947, twenty-four days prior to Indias independence from the British (whichtook place on 15th August 1947).Our national flag is rectangular in shape . It has 3 horizontal columns, each has 3 different colors. That is why it Is called tiranga or tricolor.At top it is saffron, middle it is white and bottom it is green. Saffron stands for spirit and sacrifice. White stands for peace and truth. Green stands for growth and in centre ashoka charka stands for peace and love.It is a rule that We should be ready to give our lives for our country. O we should respect our national flag and not let it down. 12. National EmblemThe emblem of India is Sarnath lion. Itwas adapted as national emblem on 26thJanuary 1950 when India becomerepublic. It has four lions standing back toback, a elephant, a horse, a bull and alion which is in the form that they arecarrying the four lions. 13. NATIONAL GAME- HOCKEY 14. HOCKEY Hockey is the National Game of India. Hockey has beenplayed in India for time immemorial. There was a golden period of Indian hockey when hockeystalwarts of India ruled the game. On the international scenario there were no competitors tomatch the magical hands of Indian hockey players. The ball-juggling feats of players like Major Dhyanchandmade people to think that Indian players used some kind ofblack magic The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928- 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in theOlympic Games. 15. NATIONAL ANTHEMThe national anthem of India is Jana-gana- mana, composed originally in Bengali, by Rabindranath Tagore.Jana-gana-mana was first sung on 27th December 1911.Its Hindi version, by the Constituent Assembly, on 24th January 1950. 16. NATIONAL ANTHEMJana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya heBharata-bhagya-vidhata.Punjab-Sindh-Gujarat-MarathaDravida-Utkala-BangaVindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-GangaUchchala-Jaladhi-taranga.Tava shubha name jage,Tava shubha asisa mage,Gahe tava jaya gatha,Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya heBharata-bhagya-vidhata.Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!