World Regional Geography February 8, 2010

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World Regional Geography February 8, 2010. Reading : Marston Chapter 3 pages 108-142 Goodes World Atlas pages 180-188. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Peninsula. Russian Political Subdivisions. Oblasts (46) Republics (21) Autonomous Oblasts (1). Autonomous Okrugs (4) Krais (9) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • World Regional GeographyFebruary 8, 2010Reading: Marston Chapter 3pages 108-142

    Goodes World Atlaspages 180-188

    Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Peninsula

  • Russian Political SubdivisionsOblasts (46)Republics (21)Autonomous Oblasts (1)Autonomous Okrugs (4)Krais (9)Federal Cities (2)

  • Population Density West / Southwest Moscow / St. Petersburg

  • Population Characteristics

    RegionIMRTFR% Pop 65Life ExpectancyMaleFemaleRussia91.51514686174

    RegionHIV/AIDS %% UrbanGNI PPP(US$)Russia1.17315,630

  • Natural Population Change

  • Net Migration

  • Life Expectancy

  • Male/Female differences

    World War II

    Post U.S.S.R. trendsPopulation Pyramid

  • Regional Population Change

  • Out-migrationLate 19th century Bolshevik Revolution

    Internal migration Soviet era people encouraged to spread out across the empire for economic and cultural reasons.

    Return migration25 million Russians in the former Soviet republics (1989).

    Brain-drainMany of Russias most educated are leaving.

    Russian Migration

  • % Russian Ethnicity

  • Culture & Ethnicity

  • 92 distinct ethnic groups.Western Russia: primarily Slavic peoples.Central/Eastern Russia: Turkic, SlavicCulture & Ethnicity

  • Russian ExpansionContiguous territorial expansion.Land/subjects for economic purposes.Warm-water port.Protection.

  • Socialist (Bolshevik) revolution.Tsarist agricultural / industrial policy.

    Lenins vision.Egalitarian philosophy.Equal rights for all nations.Soviet Socialist Republics.Federal system.

    Stalins Russia.United Soviet identity.Suppression of national identities.Expansion (WWII)

    The Soviet Empire / U.S.S.R.

  • Satellites States / The Iron Curtain

  • State socialismHousingSocial planning

    Collectivization State ownership of economic apparatus.Command economy & central planning.

    Industrialization & GrowthTerritorial production complexes.What was the impetus for growth?Secret cities and grand schemes.Soviet success.

    The Soviet Empire / U.S.S.R.

  • Cold War / End of the Empire1950 - 1989Cold War dominates international politicsU.S.S.R. represents alternative to capitalism

    End of the EmpireEconomic stagnationFailure to deliver consumer goodsSpread of informationRegional inequalities

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