World Regional Geography February 8, 2010

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World Regional Geography February 8, 2010. Reading : Marston Chapter 3 pages 108-142 Goodes World Atlas pages 180-188. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Peninsula. Russian Political Subdivisions. Oblasts (46) Republics (21) Autonomous Oblasts (1). Autonomous Okrugs (4) Krais (9) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>World Regional GeographyFebruary 8, 2010Reading: Marston Chapter 3pages 108-142</p><p>Goodes World Atlaspages 180-188</p><p>Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Kamchatka Peninsula</p></li><li><p>Russian Political SubdivisionsOblasts (46)Republics (21)Autonomous Oblasts (1)Autonomous Okrugs (4)Krais (9)Federal Cities (2)</p></li><li><p>Population Density West / Southwest Moscow / St. Petersburg</p></li><li><p>Population Characteristics</p><p>RegionIMRTFR% Pop 65Life ExpectancyMaleFemaleRussia91.51514686174</p><p>RegionHIV/AIDS %% UrbanGNI PPP(US$)Russia1.17315,630</p></li><li><p>Natural Population Change</p></li><li><p>Net Migration</p></li><li><p>Life Expectancy</p></li><li><p>Male/Female differences</p><p>World War II</p><p>Post U.S.S.R. trendsPopulation Pyramid</p></li><li><p>Regional Population Change</p></li><li><p>Out-migrationLate 19th century Bolshevik Revolution</p><p>Internal migration Soviet era people encouraged to spread out across the empire for economic and cultural reasons.</p><p>Return migration25 million Russians in the former Soviet republics (1989).</p><p>Brain-drainMany of Russias most educated are leaving.</p><p>Russian Migration</p></li><li><p>% Russian Ethnicity</p></li><li><p>Culture &amp; Ethnicity</p></li><li><p>92 distinct ethnic groups.Western Russia: primarily Slavic peoples.Central/Eastern Russia: Turkic, SlavicCulture &amp; Ethnicity</p></li><li><p>Russian ExpansionContiguous territorial expansion.Land/subjects for economic purposes.Warm-water port.Protection.</p></li><li><p>Socialist (Bolshevik) revolution.Tsarist agricultural / industrial policy.</p><p>Lenins vision.Egalitarian philosophy.Equal rights for all nations.Soviet Socialist Republics.Federal system.</p><p>Stalins Russia.United Soviet identity.Suppression of national identities.Expansion (WWII)</p><p>The Soviet Empire / U.S.S.R.</p></li><li><p>Satellites States / The Iron Curtain</p></li><li><p>State socialismHousingSocial planning</p><p>Collectivization State ownership of economic apparatus.Command economy &amp; central planning.</p><p>Industrialization &amp; GrowthTerritorial production complexes.What was the impetus for growth?Secret cities and grand schemes.Soviet success.</p><p>The Soviet Empire / U.S.S.R.</p></li><li><p>Cold War / End of the Empire1950 - 1989Cold War dominates international politicsU.S.S.R. represents alternative to capitalism</p><p>End of the EmpireEconomic stagnationFailure to deliver consumer goodsSpread of informationRegional inequalities</p></li></ul>