Vikas Kumar Mishra

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    1.1) INTRODUCTIONI am preparing the software program to automate the railway reservation

    system. This Railway Reservation System makes the reservation system

    efficient and less time consuming. In this automated reservation system the

    chances of error occurrence is minimized

    This project includes the following features:

    Reservation

    Cancellation of reservation

    Current states of particular train

    .

    In reservation process firstly asks for information relevant to the

    process like date, number of seats etc and then system checks current

    status of the train according to the requirement. If the requirement is

    fulfill, system makes the reservation. Cancellation system simply cancelsthe reservations before doing it, it asks for PNR number and whether

    cancellation is to be done for all seats/berths.

    Reservation cancellation process can be performed at least two hours

    before the departure of the train.

    System also provide the information of the train like how many seats are

    available in a particular date and in which class and many more such

    details.

    Reservation system is an attempt to enhance the speed and efficiency of

    the system.

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    1.2)ORGANISATION DESCRIPTION

    Consider the scope of the operation. Indian Railways is the worlds second-

    largest railway, with 6,853 stations, 63,028 kilometers of track, 37,840

    passenger coaches and 222,147 freight cars. Annually it carries some 4.83

    billion passengers and 492 million tons of freight.

    Of the 11 million passengers who climb aboard one of 8,520 trains each day,

    about 550,000 have reserved accommodations. Their journeys can start in

    any part of India and end in any other part, with travel times as long as 48

    hours and distances up to several thousand kilometers. The challenge is to

    provide a reservation system that can support such a huge scale of operations

    regardless of whether its measured by kilometers, passenger numbers,

    routing complexity, or simply the sheer scale of India.

    PRS started in 1985 as a pilot project in New Delhi. The avowed objective

    was to provide reserved accommodation on any train from any counter

    preparation of train charts and accountable of the money collected. When

    initial pilot project was implemented at Delhi, the software (referred to as

    version I) had a number of limitations. These were mainly removed in next

    version i.e. version II implemented in 1987.With the addition of new

    locations and many redefinitions needed the new version III evolved in

    1990.Even the version III of the earlier software called Impress fell far short

    of the growing expectations of he traveling public and the need was felt to

    have a software which has the capabilities of providing the Networking of

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    the five independent PRS nodes namely Secundrabad, Delhi, Calcutta,

    Mumbai and Chennai

    On 18th April 1999, with the networking of Chennai PRS, all the five PRS

    namely Secunderabad, New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai were

    finally networked together.

    Now anywhere to anywhere reserved ticketing became a possibility on any

    PRS booking terminal. In order to facilitate the availability, PNR status and

    other journey planning information to the common public various interfaces

    like the Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) on the telephone, Touch

    Screens at selective locations, RAPID, DISPLAY, Passenger Operated

    Enquiry Terminals (POET) and Daily Press Availability Reports through

    newspapers have been provided.

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    1.3 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

    1.3 a) ABOUT EXISTING SYSTEM

    1.3 b) ABOUT PROPOSED SYSTEM

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    1.3a) ABOUT EXISTING SYSTEM:

    Existing system here is manual i.e all transaction or the information is

    recorded in the registers and as simple text files on the computers. The

    person in need of particular information has to go to through the registers

    and the text files and then prepare the information needed by him manually.

    Besides this, there are many other drawbacks with the existing system which

    are listed as under,

    Flexibility in generation of information

    The generation of information in the proposed system takes llong time

    and they are manually prepared.

    Long time take to draw conclusions

    As individual files are maintained for each information, it is very difficult

    to compile information, measure performance over a period and draw

    conclusions from the information stored in two different files. User Friendliness

    The system is not easy to learn and understand .A native user cannot use

    the system effectively.

    User satisfaction

    The system is such that it does not stand up to the user satisfaction like

    easy and faster retrieval of information

    Response Time

    Being manually driven, the responses the operations are very slow.

    Error Handling

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    In case there arise some error in recovering or computation of the

    information it is very cumbersome to trace it

    Safety and Robustness

    The informative media is accessible by everyone .As information being

    the most crucial for the organization, there are no safety measures for the

    security of information. Furthermore, information is lying in the

    organization in an unorganized

    Manner and does not resemble the real world model.

    Lack of accuracy

    Information being prepared manually cannot be said as accurate, which isthe first and the foremost condition for taking a crucial decision by the

    management.

    More time consuming

    Work carried out by the staff at various stages is highly time consuming.

    Error prone resources

    Resources being used by the information media were provided by the

    organization long ago. Due to wear and tear with the resources, they are

    highly error prone.

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    1.3b) ABOUT PROPOSED SYSTEM:

    After a detailed study of the existing system, it is evident that it does not

    fulfill the objectives of the organization to make that objective possible

    for the organization it is required to have a computerized information

    system with the help of which all the tasks can be processed more

    accurately and quickly .To achieve that, it is necessary to design and

    develop a new system which will have the following benefits over the

    existing system.

    Flexibility in generation of information

    The generation of reports in the proposed system will take minimal time

    and they are electronically prepared. As a result, it is highly accurate.

    Less time is taken to draw conclusion

    It will be easy for the user (s) of the system to compile information at a

    very high pace, measure the performance over a period and draw

    conclusion from the information retrieved by using the proposed system.

    Ease in maintaining information

    As new information is being added to and released from their respective

    courses every year, it will be highly user friendly to track.

    User satisfaction

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    The system is much that is stands up to the user expectations like easy

    and faster retrieval of information.

    Safety and Robustness

    The system will be accessible by only the authorized users. As

    information being the most crucial for organization there are safety

    measures for the security of information. Furthermore data is stored by

    the system in an organized manner and resembles the real world model.

    Highly accurate

    Information being prepared electronically can be said as accurate, which

    is the first and the foremost condition for taking a crucial decision by the

    management.

    Less time consuming

    Work carried out by the staff at various stages will be less time

    consuming.

    Error free resources

    Resources being used by the system will be compatible with the latest

    technologies available in the market .As proposed system uses highly

    technically compatible resources, there will be very less wear and tear .so

    the resources are error free.

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    1.4) ADVANTAGE OF THE PROJECT

    1. This project is user-friendly based on Graphical user interface.

    2. This system can be easily handled no special training is required.

    Anyone who have the basic idea about computer, can simple use it.

    3. According to time we have to add more new training .In this

    system we can add new training from front end.

    4. If there is any change in the status of a train like as source,

    destination, number of the seats in a particular coach .We can

    simply update the required record from the front end.

    5. We can get any information related to train by doing a simple

    query.

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    2 PROJECT CATEGORY TOOLS AND

    ENVIORNMENT

    2.1PROJECT CATEGORY

    2.2FRONT END

    2.3BACK END

    2.4H/W AND S/W REQUIREMENTS

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    2.1) PROJECT CATEGORY

    There exist three main categories of the project:

    1. HIGH LEVEL

    2. MIDDLE LEVEL

    3. LOW LEVEL

    1. HIGH LEVEL

    A high level proj