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Unit4 Grammar The present The present progressive progressive passive voice passive voice

Unit4 Grammar

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Unit4 Grammar. The present progressive passive voice. Retell the story. reamed. alk. ntelope. arpet. ur. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: Unit4 Grammar

Unit4 Grammar

The present The present progressive progressive

passive voicepassive voice

Page 2: Unit4 Grammar

Retell the storyRetell the story One day, Daisy d_____ a strange dream. She flew in a

wonderful c_____ to t___ with an a______ in Tibet. The antelope told her they were hunted because of their f__ which can be used to make s_______ like hers. As a result, they are now an e___________ species. Later, she f___ to Zimbabwe where she talked with an e_______ and got to know the farmer there no longer h____ them. That’s because the g_______ decided to help and the farmers finally made a lot of m____. At last she a_____ at the thick rain f___ where a monkey told her “ No rainforest, no a_____ and no d___ .” Although finally everything was g___, she had l_____ so much.

And there was always WWF…

reamed

arpet alk ntelopeur

weaters

lew lephantunted

overnmentoney

rrived orestnimals rugs

one earned

endangered

Page 3: Unit4 Grammar

Introduction of WWFIntroduction of WWF

WWF/ found/ in 1961

WWF/consider as / the largest non-governmental organization of environmental protection.

WWF/ introduce/ to China

A living planet / create / by WWF

WWF was foundedwas founded in 1961.

WWF is consideredis considered as the largest non-governmental organization of environmental protection.

A living planetA living planet will be createdwill be created by WWF.by WWF.

一般过去时 一般过去时 was/were PPwas/were PP

一般现在时 am/is/are PPam/is/are PP

一般将来时 will be PP will be PP WWF WWF has been introducedhas been introduced to China. to China.

现在完成时 现在完成时 has/have been PPhas/have been PP

Page 4: Unit4 Grammar

时态 主动 被动一般现在时一般过去时一般将来时一般过去将来时现在进行时过去进行时现在完成时过去完成时

总结(默写) is/am/are

V /V-s/esV-edwill vwould vis/am/are vingwas/were vinghave/has PPhad PP

is/am/are PPwas/were PPwill be PPwould be PPis/am/are being PPwas/were being PPhave/has been PPhad been PP

Page 5: Unit4 Grammar

•People are killingare killing antelopes for the wool beneath their stomachs.

•And people are usingare using their fur to make sweaters.

WWF reports that:WWF reports that:

So the antelope says:

We’re being killedWe’re being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs.Our fur is being usedis being used to make sweaters.

Our fur…

Page 6: Unit4 Grammar

The present progressive passive voiceThe present progressive passive voice

现在进行时被动语态现在进行时被动语态

is/ am/ are + (not) is/ am/ are + (not) beingbeing donedone肯定句 / 否定句

An elephant is watching Daisy.

People are doing good things to save wildlife.

People are not protecting the antelope.

Daisy is being watched by an Daisy is being watched by an elephantelephant.

Good things are being done to save wildlife.Good things are being done to save wildlife.

The antelope is The antelope is not not being protected by people.being protected by people.

Page 7: Unit4 Grammar

疑问句1.What are we doing to the environment?1.What are we doing to the environment?

2.Are we telling the visitors to pay attention 2.Are we telling the visitors to pay attention to protecting the environment?to protecting the environment?

3.Why are we protecting the environment?3.Why are we protecting the environment?

What What is being doneis being done to the environment? to the environment?

AreAre the visitors the visitors being toldbeing told to pay attention to to pay attention to protecting the environment?protecting the environment?

Why Why is is the environment the environment being protectedbeing protected??

Page 8: Unit4 Grammar

The work of WWF in ChinaThe work of WWF in China

Pandas are the mascots of WWF andPandas are the mascots of WWF and______________ ______________ (prote(protect) both by WWF and the Chinese government. Howevct) both by WWF and the Chinese government. However, they are not the only animals in danger. Other endaer, they are not the only animals in danger. Other endangered species______________ (discover) in China bngered species______________ (discover) in China by WWF on a regular basis. One example is the porpoisy WWF on a regular basis. One example is the porpoise(e( 江豚) 江豚) in the Yangtze River. They in the Yangtze River. They ______________________ ______________________

(now study) as their numbers decrease. Another is the (now study) as their numbers decrease. Another is the tiger in Northeast China, whichtiger in Northeast China, which_________________ _________________ (observe (observe 观察观察 ) because it is almost extinct.) because it is almost extinct. People in the world__

______________________ ______________________ (encourage)(encourage) to pay more attention to wildlife.

are being protectedare being protected

are being discoveredare being discovered

are now being studiedare now being studied

is being observedis being observed

are being encouragedare being encouraged

Page 9: Unit4 Grammar

现在进行时被动语态的现在进行时被动语态的基本用法基本用法1. 表示现在正在进行的被动动作。• Mary is being interviewed now.• My car is being repaired now.

2. 表现阶段正在进行的被动动作。• The life of the panda is being studied at present .

3. 少数及物动词的进行时表示按计划、安排将要承受某个动作。

• A party is being held tonight.

Conclusion

Page 10: Unit4 Grammar

1.1. 进行时的主动形式进行时的主动形式表示被动的意义表示被动的意义 ,, 常见的动词有常见的动词有 :: print, cook, fry, bake, burn, hang.print, cook, fry, bake, burn, hang. (1)The house (1)The house is burningis burning..

(2)The meat (2)The meat is cookingis cooking..2. 2. 表 “ 状态表 “ 状态 ,,  心理活动 心理活动 ,,  情感”等的动词 情感”等的动词 ,, 如如 havhav

e,want,need, love. e,want,need, love. 常用常用一般现在时的被动语态一般现在时的被动语态表示 表示 “正在进行”。“正在进行”。

(1) You (1) You are wantedare wanted on the phone. on the phone.(2)MP3 is becoming more and more popular. In other (2)MP3 is becoming more and more popular. In other

words, it words, it is lovedis loved by more and more people. by more and more people.

Page 11: Unit4 Grammar

3."3."be +under/ in/onbe +under/ in/on 等介词等介词 ++ 名词名词 "" 结构可代替进行结构可代替进行时被动语态。 时被动语态。 (1) Many new cars (1) Many new cars areare on showon show..

= Many new cars = Many new cars are being showedare being showed..

(2)Your questions (2)Your questions are under discussionare under discussion..

= Your questions = Your questions are being discussedare being discussed..

(3)The telephone (3)The telephone is in useis in use  now.  now.

=The telephone=The telephone is being used is being used now. now.

  

现在进行时被动语态的现在进行时被动语态的特殊形式特殊形式

Page 12: Unit4 Grammar

Over time Over time theythey have changedhave changed meme a lot a lot ..

Over time Over time I I have been changedhave been changed a lot a lot (by (by them).them).

1. They have made me smaller.

2. They have changed my shape.

3. They have not developed my memory.

4. They have found many new applications for me.

5. Where have they put me into?

6. What have they sent me to explore?

肯定句肯定句 // 否定句否定句 // 疑问句疑问句

Page 13: Unit4 Grammar

报纸 13 期答案:

1-20 DCDBA DBCBC CABDD ABABC

21-40 BDCBA DBCDC DCBAD ABCAD

41-44 BDCC 45-48 BDCA 49-53 ABCCB

54-57 DCCB 58-60 BCC

61-65 BCEFA

Page 14: Unit4 Grammar

1. I need one more stamp before my collection _____.

A. has completed B. completes

C. has been completed D. is completed2. Books of this kind _____ well. A. sell B. sells C. are sold D. is sold3. Hundreds of jobs _____ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose4. A new cinema _____ here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built B. is built C. has been built D. is being built

Practice makes perfect

Page 15: Unit4 Grammar

5. The new bridge _____ by the end of last month. A. has been designed B. had been designed C. was designed D. would be designed6. This is Ted’s photo. We miss him a lot. He _____ trying to save a child in the earthquake. A. killed B. is killed C. was killed D. was killing7. Rainforests _____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut