Unforgettable TeachersUnit Four
ObjectivesGrasp the main idea and structure of the text;Learn to develop an essay in chronological order along with comparison and contrast;Master the key language points and usage;Conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit.
Questions to Answer1) Do you still remember some of your teachers when you were at school?2) Is there any one of them who you admired most? Why?3) Is there any one of them who you were most afraid of? Why?4) What do you think a good teacher should be like?5) Do you think Prof. Agassiz was a good teacher? Give your reasons.
Class Activity1) Divide into groups of 4-5. 2) One of the group will think of something or someone to describe. All the others try to make a drawing according to his/her description. The student who describes should try to give as much detail as he / she could.3) Give brief reports to the whole class.
Cultural Notes Samuel Scudder (1837-1911) He was born in Boston and attended Williams College. In 1857 he entered Harvard where he studied under the noted professor Louis Agassiz. Scudder later held various positions and helped found the Cambridge Entomological Club. He published hundreds of papers and developed a comprehensive catalog of three centuries of scientific publications in mathematics and the natural and physical science. While working for the United States Geological Survey, he named more than a thousand species of fossil insects. Although later scientists would question some of his conclusions, much of Scudders work is still admired for attention to detail.
Cultural NotesLouis Agassiz (1807-1873)One of the great scientists of his day, and one of the founding fathers of the modern American scientific tradition, Louis Agassiz remains something of a historical enigma (). A great systematist and paleontologist () , a renowned teacher and tireless promoter of science in America, he was also a lifelong opponent of Darwin's theory of evolution. Yet even his most critical attacks on evolution have provided evolutionary biologists with insights. Click here for for more information:
Cultural NotesHaemulon ()Click here to see a species summary of haemulon scudderii:
A picture drawn by Scudder
Text OrganizationPart One(1-8): Scudders first morning in the laboratory was characterized by boredom and despair.Part Two(9-14): By drawing the fish in the afternoon, Scudder discovered new features in the fish but failed to notice its most conspicuous characteristic.Part Three(14-18): Scudder discovered one new feature after another when he began to work in earnest and saw how just the Professors criticism had been.Part Four(19-24): By the end of the third day, Scudder had learned the best entomological lesson in his life, one that was to guide his subsequent study and research.Part Five(25-28): The eight months Scudder spent studying haemulons was of greater value to him than years of later investigation into insects.
Language learning1. enroll: put onto the official list; (cause to) enter or join (followed by in / on) e.g. Mrs. Jones has enrolled her daughter in the ballet class. Students desiring to be enrolled as members should send in their names at once.
2. latter: the second of the two people or things just mentioned e.g. There were three young men in the room, and two young women. The latter were Melanies flat-mates. We have to decorate the kitchen and the hall Id rather do the latter first.
a. near to the end, later e.g. By the latter half of July the total was well over two million. Building of the new library should begin in the latter part of next year.
3. ground sb in sth.: teach sb the main points or rules (of a subject) as a base for further study (usually passive) e.g. Every educated man of the 19th century was well grounded in Latin and Greek. She tried to ground her son in arithmetic.
4. by and by: before long, soon e.g. You will find happiness by and by. The pain will go away by and by.
5. entrust: assign the care of; turn over for safekeeping (used in the pattern: entrust sth. to sb.; entrust sb. with sth.) e.g. She entrusted her savings account book to a safety-deposit box. Children are too young to be entrusted with family money.
6. commend: speak favorably of; recommend (followed by for / on) e.g. I was commended by Richards for my report. For a low-budget film it has much to commend it. She commended the steadfast courage of families caring for handicapped children.
commend itself / oneself to sb.: cause to be acceptable or pleasing e.g. This textbook does not commend itself to the students. The emphasis of peace will commend itself to all.
7. haunt: pervade; visit frequently e.g. The womans dark face haunted her. Fighting in Vietnam was an experience that would haunt him for the rest his life.
8. look sb. / sth. in the face: meet with a steady look, face bravely or without shame e.g. I could hardly look her in the face after calling her by the wronf name.
9. fringe: decorate with fringe; be a fringe for e.g. Her eyes were fringed with unusually long lashes. She was wearing a fringed leather skirt. n. (decorative) edge e.g. My aunt used to have a rust-colored tablecloth with a fringe around it.
10. arch: provide with an arch; have the curved shape of an arch e.g. She looked at him and her thin eyebrows arched. The rockets arched into the night sky.
11. perplexity: sth. that causes uncertainty, doubt or confusion; feeling of being confused or worried by sth. you cant understand e.g. She looked at him in some perplexity, trying to work out what he meant. Perhaps we shall find answers to the great perplexity.
perplex: make (sb.) feel confused and worried e.g. The disease, which affects young children of both sexes, has continued to perplex doctors and public health workers.
12. thoroughly: completely e.g. We had not studied the language thoroughly. He went through the report thoroughly but the information he wanted wasnt given anywhere.
thorough: done or proceeding through to the end; omitting nothing e.g. The vet gave the animal a thorough check-up. They did a thorough search of the area but found nothing.
13. discourse: make a long formal speech (followed by on / upon) e.g. Howard discoursed on a topic he had grown greatly interested in. She discoursed at length upon the relationship between crime and environment.
n. a series speech or piece of writing about a particular subject e.g. She embarked on a discourse about the towns origin. He noticed the discourse upon the nature of life after death on the newspaper.
14. enthusiastically: in an enthusiastic manner e.g. The President was welcomed enthusiastically by a cheering crowd. She admires the film star enthusiastically.
enthusiastic: a. having or showing enthusiasm (followed by about) e.g. Sarah was very enthusiastic about learning to read. You dont seem very enthusiastic about the party dont you want to go tonight?
15. leave sb. to ones own devices: allow sb. to deal with problems unaided e.g. Left to my own devices Id eat the whole cake. The teacher left us to our own devices in choosing the books for our reports.
16. part with: give away; stop having e.g. She dont want to part with the money. Ive never had much success getting him to part with his cash.
17. be engaged (up)on / in: be busy doing; occupied with e.g. The work were engaged on is a study of b\heat transfer. Shes part of a team of scientists who are engaged on cancer research.
18. turn to: start doing or becoming involved with (Here to functions as preposition.) e.g. In his desperation, he turned to drink. In 1939 he turned to film earnestly.Click here for additional exercises.
SteadfastRehearsalArchConspicuousWretchedCordialSubsequentResemblanceOdorFragrantorderly Be content withReluctanceinvestigationDirections: You are required to look up the following words and expressions in the dictionary and give a brief presentation in the class.
Writing AssignmentDirections: You are required to write a composition of no less than 150 words on the topic What Makes a Good Teacher. It should be finished in no more than 30 minutes. The composition must be based on the following outline given in English.
The qualities a good teacher should haveAn example of a good teacher you have met.
Additional Exercises 1. After the 4-day long and tiring journey, all the group members were fit to drop. a. were suitable for a stop b. were in good health c. were ready to have a rest d. were so tired that they almost collapsed 2. Although he has just graduated from school, the young accountant seemed very well grounded in his field. a. experienced inb. knowledgeable about c. familiar withd. promising 3. The mayor commended the young girl for her brave behavior in saving the drowning baby. a. praisedb. complimented c. favored d. thanked D B A
4. Knowing what he did was totally wrong, David couldnt look his mother in the eye when he entered the room. a. look into her eyeb. observe her face c. face her without