The Wizard of Tuskegee

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5.04 Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society. The Wizard of Tuskegee. The Wizard of Tuskegee. Take notes on the right side of A1 in your notebook. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Wizard of Tuskegee

  • 5.04 Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society.

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeTake notes on the right side of A1 in your notebook.On the left side prepare for class discussion by writing two paragraphs that answer the Assessment Prompt.

    Should schools focus more on vocational training or preparing students for college?

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeBooker T. Washington was born in 1856-1858 nears Hales Ford, VirginiaEnslaved to James BurroughsHis mother was a cook; his father was an unknown white man.Some people see Booker T. Washingtons life as a search for a father/father figure.

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeUnion victory brought freedomBooker T., his mother, and half-siblings walked to West Virginia to reunite with Washington Ferguson, his mothers husband.Ferguson worked in the coal and salt mines; here BTW learned to read

  • The Wizard of Tuskegee

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeWalked to Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in 1872Civil War general Samuel Chapman Armstrong (a white man) was principalArmstrong believed that freed blacks needed practical education and character buildingAfter graduation from Hampton BTW taught back in Malden, West Virginia

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeBooker T. Washington studied liberal arts at Weyland Seminary in DC then returned to Hampton At Hampton BTW was in charge of the schools Native American studentsGeneral Armstrong hired BTW as principal for his new school in Alabama

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeWhen Washington first arrived at Tuskegee the school had only $2000, no buildings, no faculty, and no studentsBy 1888 the Institute had 500 acres of land and 400 students; by 1915 it had an endowment of $2,000,000, a staff of 200, and over 2000 students!

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeStudents in a Tuskegee history class

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeThe Atlanta CompromiseIn 1895 Washingtons controversial speech at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta brought national attention.This was a doctrine of vocational training for blacks.Harvard soon gave BTW an honorary masters degree.

  • The Wizard of Tuskegee

  • The Wizard of Tuskegee

  • The Wizard of Tuskegee

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeBooker T. Washington would often blame African-Americans for their own limitations.Many black nationalists and whites, like Andrew Carnegie supported his stance and funded Tuskegee. Washington secretly funneled money to support civil rights.

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeWashington and Du Bois had different views on the proper role of education.Du Bois believed education was a tool for blacks to fully integrate into American society. Washingtons ideal was not full integration; he viewed blacks as a nation within a nation. To some Booker T. Washingtons view supported segregation.

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeUp From SlaveryGo out and be a center, a life-giving center, as it were to a whole community, when the opportunity comes, when you may give life where there is no life, hope where there is no hope, power where there is no power

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeBegin in a humble way and work up to build institutions that will put people on their feet.Booker T. Washington was an inspiration to nationalists such as Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X and conservatives such as Justice Clarence Thomas and Thomas Sowell.

  • The Wizard of TuskegeeBooker T. Washington believed in separate but equal. Du Bois believed blacks could only achieve equality if racial boundaries were torn down through education.Washington sought a place at the table through vocational work that would make blacks irreplaceable in the U.S. economy.

  • This presentation was prepared by Spencer Swindler. The pictures were found on the internet. Only one major source was used. The bibliography for that source is below.


    Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Cornell West. The African-American Century, N.Y. The Free Press, 2000.

  • 1. Where was Booker T. Washington born?2. Here (what state?) Booker learned to read while working in the mines.3. General Samuel Chapman Armstrong was principal at this school (name the school).4. Booker was the principal of this Alabama HBCU (name the school).5. This billionaire friend of Washington left an endowment to his school.6. He disagreed with Washingtons 1895 speech in Georgia and called it the Atlanta Compromise.7. What does it mean, to learn a trade?