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THE TWO WAY THEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THE POST-COLONIAL POETRY Binary opposition The postcolonial literature played a significant role in the movement of freedom for post colonies. The literature has depiction of the two way expressions. When you study it with the perspective from binary opposition you will come to know that it is a complete combination of, pain and pleasure, hatred and love, loss and gain, defeat and victory, black and white possession and dispossession, superiority and inferiority, existence and non-existence. The post-colonial literature is based on the reality and it represents two phases of human life the present and the future. It is a true depiction of human life its miseries and the struggle to achieve freedom from those miseries. In fact this literature is responsible for the end of the struggle of postcolonial people in order to bring a bright future for them. The post-colonial writings including the poetry, the fiction and the drama are rich in inner the expressions of the writers being a part of those colonies. It has two way expressions including, tyranny, tragedy, frustration, and despair on the one side while on the other side it contain in it a ray of hope, a massage for bright future, a warmth and love associated with homeland. "despairs and hopes, the enthusiasm and empathy, the thrill of joy and the stab of pain..." but also a nation's history as it moved from " freedom to slavery, from slavery to revolution, from revolution to

The Two Way Thematic Analysis of the Post Colonial Poetry

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Post Colonial Poetry

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THE TWO WAY THEMATIC ANALYSIS OF THEPOST-COLONIAL POETRYBinary oppositionThe postcolonial literature played a significant role in the movement of freedom for post colonies. The literature has depiction of the two way expressions. When you study it with the perspective from binary opposition you will come to know that it is a complete combination of, pain and pleasure, hatred and love, loss and gain, defeat and victory, black and white possession and dispossession, superiority and inferiority, existence and non-existence.The post-colonial literature is based on the reality and it represents two phases of human life the present and the future. It is a true depiction of human life its miseries and the struggle to achieve freedom from those miseries. In fact this literature is responsible for the end of the struggle of postcolonial people in order to bring a bright future for them. The post-colonial writings including the poetry, the fiction and the drama are rich in inner the expressions of the writers being a part of those colonies. It has two way expressions including, tyranny, tragedy, frustration, and despair on the one side while on the other side it contain in it a ray of hope, a massage for bright future, a warmth and love associated with homeland."despairs and hopes, the enthusiasm and empathy, the thrill of joy and the stab of pain..." but also a nation's history as it moved from " freedom to slavery, from slavery to revolution, from revolution to independence and from independence to tasks of reconstruction which further involve situations of failure and disillusion". (Iyengar, 15)

The oscillation between two cultures or hybridization The dual identity and the dual culture: the English or the AfricanThe literature is based on the representation of the true cultures of post-colonial people on the one hand but on the other hand the comparison between two cultures can be seen. The poets themselves and the characters portrayed in the fiction and the drama are true representation of the post-colonial lives as it is evident from the lines given below:I who am poisoned with blood of both,Where shall I turn, divided to the vein?

The above lines are taken from the far cry from Africa by Derek Walcott. The poet is looking confused he can't make any distinction between the two bloods. He wants to say that neither he is able to go into his past nor he can accept the cruel present as he has the blood of the two cultures in side of him. He is unable to even recognize himself standing in the middle of two things. The same idea of hybrid identities has been established by Walcott in his play A dream on the monkey mountain.Whereas another poet described it as;Here we standInfants overblownPoised between two civilizationsFinding the balance irksome. (Quoted in Povey, 39)

The two civilizations mean the Africans the uncivilized people according to the colonizers and the civilization of the colonizers themselves; the African and the English civilization.

The sense of nothingness or existentialist and nihilistic believesExistence or nonexistence: Something or nothingIn the poem The Schooner Flight (1979), Shabine, a Walcott persona, gives an often quoted definition of the identity of a person from a small country in the Caribbean:I have Dutch, nigger, and English in me,and either I am nobody, or I am a nationThe poet seems in search of identity. Although he has command over three mediums of communication but still he thinks the he does not know he has a nation inside him or he is nothing. The sense of nothingness is creating an extreme sense of frustration hidden inside him because of non-recognition of his identity.

The class struggle in the light of Marxist viewThe civilized or the uncivilized: the superior or the inferior Not only the struggle for the freedom can be seen but also the class discrimination or the class distinctions can be seen through the poetry of post-colonial writer. The suppression of the colonial people and underestimation can be observed through the poem given below. I, too, sing AmericaI am the darker brother.They send me to eat in the kitchenWhen company comes,But I laugh,And eat well,And grow strong.Tomorrow,I'll be at the tableWhen company comes.No body'll dareSay to me,"Eat in the kitchen,"Then.Besides,They'll see how beautiful I amAnd be ashamed--(Langston Hughes)The poor and the treatment towards the colonial people by the colonizers has been portrayed but the poet is still hopeful in the last stanza that one day this difference shall be disappeared and they will be ashamed over their attitude towards colonial people.

The possession and the dispossessionThe past and the present: the domination and the subordinationThe unforgettable colonial past comes angrily alive in a poem by Kenya's poet Joseph Kareyaku thus,It is not as you suppose, your lands,your cars, your money, or your citiesI covet...It is what gores me most,that in my own house and in my very own homeyou should eye me and all that's minewith that practiced, long-drawn, insulting sneer. (quoted in Iyengar, 30) The elements of anger and agony can be observed through the voice of poet. The lines written above are the evident that the property and luxuries being enjoyed by the white people in reality belong to the colonial people. Those properties were in the ownership of black people but now the white are showing pride over the possession of those properties.

But a ray of hope that changed their fateThe hopelessness and the hopefulness Still I RiseYou may write me down in historyWith your bitter, twisted lies,You may tread me in the very dirtBut still, like dust, I'll rise.(Maya Angelou)

These beautiful lines are written by Maya Angelou a little and insignificant word Dust seems challenging to the white people. It means that a little and insignificant thing can be proved as significant one and can be raised up to the sky.Love after LoveThe time will comewhen, with elationyou will greet yourself arrivingat your own door, in your own mirrorand each will smile at the other's welcome, ( Derek Walcott)The love for homeland Africa is present in every sentence. The hopelessness can be seen that the struggle shall never be in vain. The day will come when they will get freedom. The hope is an ultimate reason to live when there is disappointment.